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Adam Clarke Commentary

Psalms 108


The psalmist encourages himself to praise the Lord for mercies he had received, Psalms 108:1 -5. He prays for the Divine succor, Psalms 108:6 ; and encourages the people to expect their restoration, and the enjoyment of all their former privileges and possessions, Psalms 108:7 -13.This Psalm is compounded of two Psalms which we have had already under review. The Psalms 108:1 , Psalms 108:2 , Psalms 108:3 , Psalms 108:4 , and Psalms 108:5 , are the same with the Psalms 57:7 , Psalms 57:8 , Psalms 57:9 , Psalms 57:10 , and Psalms 57:11 of Psalms 57:1 -11 : And the Psalms 108:6 , Psalms 108:7 , Psalms 108:8 , Psalms 108:9 , Psalms 108:10 , Psalms 108:11 , Psalms 108:12 , and Psalms 108:13 , are the same with the Psalms 60:5 , Psalms 60:6 , Psalms 60:7 , Psalms 60:8 , Psalms 60:9 , Psalms 60:10 , Psalms 60:11 , and Psalms 60:12 of Psalms 60:1 -12 : The variations are few, and of little moment, and the explanation may be seen in the notes on the preceding Psalms, which need not be repeated here. That the Pssalms referred to were made by David, and were applicable to the then state of his affairs, has been the opinion of many; and it is probable that the captives in Babylon composed this out of two above, and applied it to the state of their affairs. Their captivity being now ended, or nearly at an end they look and pray for their restoration to their own land, as amply as it was possessed in the most prosperous days of David. The Syriac considers it as a prophecy of the vocation of the Gentiles. The Hebrew and all the Versions attribute it to David.

Verse 1

Even with my glory - My greatest glory shall be in publishing thy praise. Some make the glory here to mean the Lord himself; some, the Ark of the covenant; some, the Soul of the psalmist; others, his Tongue; some, the Gift of Prophecy; and some, the psalmist's Spirit or Vein of poetry. See the notes on Psalms 57:8 .

Verse 3

Among the people - The Jews.Among the nations - The Gentiles. Wherever this Psalm is sung or read, either among Jews or Gentiles, David may be said to sing praise to God.

Verse 7

God hath spoken in his holiness - בקדשו bekodsho; some think this means in his Holy One, referring to the Prophet Jeremiah, who predicted the captivity, its duration of seventy years, and the deliverance from it.

Verse 10

The strong city - The possession of the metropolis is a sure proof of the subjugation of the country.

Verse 13

Through God we shall do valiantly - From him we derive our courage, from him our strength, and by him our success.

Psalms 108

  1 A Song or Psalm of David. O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory.
  2 Awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early.
  3 I will praise thee, O LORD, among the people: and I will sing praises unto thee among the nations.
  4 For thy mercy is great above the heavens: and thy truth reacheth unto the clouds.
  5 Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth;
  6 That thy beloved may be delivered: save with thy right hand, and answer me.
  7 God hath spoken in his holiness; I will rejoice, I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth.
  8 Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver;
  9 Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph.
  10 Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?
  11 Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off? and wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts?
  12 Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man.
  13 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.

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