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Adam Clarke Commentary

Numbers 28

Introduction

All the offerings of God to be offered in their due season, Numbers 28:1 , Numbers 28:2 . The continual burnt-offering for the morning, Numbers 28:3 -6; and its drink-offering, Numbers 28:7 . The continual burnt-offering for the evening, Numbers 28:8 . The offerings for the Sabbath, Numbers 28:9 , Numbers 28:10 . The offerings for the beginning of each month, Numbers 28:11 -15. Repetition of the ordinances concerning the passover, Numbers 28:16 -25. Ordinances concerning the day of first-fruits or pentecost, Numbers 28:26 -31.

Verse 2

Command the children of Israel, etc. - It is not easy to account for the reason of the introduction of these precepts here, which had been so circumstantially delivered before in different parts of the books of Exodus and Leviticus. It is possible that the daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly services had been considerably interrupted for several years, owing to the unsettled state of the people in the wilderness, and that it was necessary to repeat these laws for two reasons:1. Because they were now about to enter into the promised land, where these services must be established and constant.2. Because the former generations being all dead, multitudes of the present might be ignorant of these ordinances.In their due season - Moses divides these offerings into: - 1. Daily. The morning and evening sacrifices: a lamb each time, Numbers 28:3 , Numbers 28:4 .2. Weekly. The Sabbath offerings, two lambs of a year old, Numbers 28:9 , etc.3. Monthly. At the beginning of each month two young bullocks, one ram, and seven lambs of a year old, and a kid for a sin-offering, Numbers 28:11 , etc.4. Annual.1. The passover to last seven days; the offerings, two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of a year old, and a he-goat for a sin-offering, Numbers 28:16 , etc. 2. The day of First-Fruits. The sacrifices, the same as on the beginning of the month, Numbers 28:26 , etc.With these sacrifices were offered libations, or drink-offerings of strong wine, Numbers 28:7 , Numbers 28:14 , and minchahs, or meat-offerings, composed of fine flour mingled with oil, Numbers 28:8 , Numbers 28:12 , etc. For an ample account of all these offerings, see the notes on Leviticus 7 (note) and Exodus 12 (note).

Verse 7

Strong wine - Sikera; see the note on Leviticus 10:9 , where this is largely explained.

Verse 26

Day of the first-fruits - Called also the feast of weeks, and the feast of pentecost. See it explained Exodus 23:14 (note), and Leviticus 23:15 (note).

Verse 31

Without blemish - This is to be understood as applying, not only to the animals, but also to the flour, wine, and oil; every thing must be perfect in its kind.

Numbers 28


  1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
  2 Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, My offering, and my bread for my sacrifices made by fire, for a sweet savour unto me, shall ye observe to offer unto me in their due season.
  3 And thou shalt say unto them, This is the offering made by fire which ye shall offer unto the LORD; two lambs of the first year without spot day by day, for a continual burnt offering.
  4 The one lamb shalt thou offer in the morning, and the other lamb shalt thou offer at even;
  5 And a tenth part of an ephah of flour for a meat offering, mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil.
  6 It is a continual burnt offering, which was ordained in mount Sinai for a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.
  7 And the drink offering thereof shall be the fourth part of an hin for the one lamb: in the holy place shalt thou cause the strong wine to be poured unto the LORD for a drink offering.
  8 And the other lamb shalt thou offer at even: as the meat offering of the morning, and as the drink offering thereof, thou shalt offer it, a sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
  9 And on the sabbath day two lambs of the first year without spot, and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and the drink offering thereof:
  10 This is the burnt offering of every sabbath, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.
  11 And in the beginnings of your months ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot;
  12 And three tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one bullock; and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one ram;
  13 And a several tenth deal of flour mingled with oil for a meat offering unto one lamb; for a burnt offering of a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD.
  14 And their drink offerings shall be half an hin of wine unto a bullock, and the third part of an hin unto a ram, and a fourth part of an hin unto a lamb: this is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year.
  15 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering unto the LORD shall be offered, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.
  16 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of the LORD.
  17 And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.
  18 In the first day shall be an holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile work therein:
  19 But ye shall offer a sacrifice made by fire for a burnt offering unto the LORD; two young bullocks, and one ram, and seven lambs of the first year: they shall be unto you without blemish:
  20 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil: three tenth deals shall ye offer for a bullock, and two tenth deals for a ram;
  21 A several tenth deal shalt thou offer for every lamb, throughout the seven lambs:
  22 And one goat for a sin offering, to make an atonement for you.
  23 Ye shall offer these beside the burnt offering in the morning, which is for a continual burnt offering.
  24 After this manner ye shall offer daily, throughout the seven days, the meat of the sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD: it shall be offered beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.
  25 And on the seventh day ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work.
  26 Also in the day of the firstfruits, when ye bring a new meat offering unto the LORD, after your weeks be out, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work:
  27 But ye shall offer the burnt offering for a sweet savour unto the LORD; two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of the first year;
  28 And their meat offering of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto one bullock, two tenth deals unto one ram,
  29 A several tenth deal unto one lamb, throughout the seven lambs;
  30 And one kid of the goats, to make an atonement for you.
  31 Ye shall offer them beside the continual burnt offering, and his meat offering, (they shall be unto you without blemish) and their drink offerings.

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