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Adam Clarke Commentary

2 Chronicles 1


Solomon, and the chiefs of the congregation, go to Gibeon, where was the tabernacle of the Lord, and the brazen altar; and there he offers a thousand sacrifices, 2 Chronicles 1:1 -6. The Lord appears to him in a dream, and gives him permission to ask any gift, 2 Chronicles 1:7 . He asks wisdom, 2 Chronicles 1:8 -10, which is granted; and riches, wealth, and honor besides, 2 Chronicles 1:11 , 2 Chronicles 1:12 . His kingdom is established, 2 Chronicles 1:13 . His chariots, horsemen, and horses, 2 Chronicles 1:14 . His abundant riches, 2 Chronicles 1:15 . He brings horses, linen yarn, and chariots, at a fixed price, out of Egypt, 2 Chronicles 1:16 , 2 Chronicles 1:17 .

Verse 1

And Solomon the son of David - The very beginning of this book shows that it is a continuation of the preceding, and should not be thus formally separated from it. See the preface to the first book.The Lord his God was with him - "The Word of the Lord was his support." - Targum.

Verse 2

Then Solomon spake - This is supposed to have taken place in the second year of his reign.

Verse 4

But the ark - The tabernacle and the brazen altar remained still at Gibeon; but David had brought away the ark out of the tabernacle, and placed it in a tent at Jerusalem; 2 Samuel 6:2 , 2 Samuel 6:17 .

Verse 5

Sought unto it - Went to seek the Lord there.

Verse 7

In that night - The night following the sacrifice. On Solomon's choice, see the notes on 1 Kings 3:5 -15 (note).

Verse 9

Let thy promise - דברך debarcha, thy word; פתגמך pithgamach, Targum. It is very remarkable that when either God or man is represented as having spoken a word then the noun פתגם pithgam is used by the Targumist; but when word is used personally, then he employs the noun מימרא meymera, which appears to answer to the Λογος of St. John, John 1:1 , etc.

Verse 14

He had a thousand and four hundred chariots - For these numbers, see the notes on 1 Kings 4:26 .

Verse 15

Made silver and gold - See on 1 Kings 10:27 (note), 1 Kings 10:28 (note).

Verse 16

Linen yarn - See the note on 1 Kings 10:28 , where this subject is particularly examined.

Verse 17

A horse for a hundred and fifty - Suppose we take the shekel at the utmost value at which it has been rated, three shillings; then the price of a horse was about twenty-two pounds ten shillings.On Solomon's multiplying horses, Bishop Warburton has made some judicious remarks: -

2 Chronicles 1

  1 And Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom, and the LORD his God was with him, and magnified him exceedingly.
  2 Then Solomon spake unto all Israel, to the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and to the judges, and to every governor in all Israel, the chief of the fathers.
  3 So Solomon, and all the congregation with him, went to the high place that was at Gibeon; for there was the tabernacle of the congregation of God, which Moses the servant of the LORD had made in the wilderness.
  4 But the ark of God had David brought up from Kirjathjearim to the place which David had prepared for it: for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem.
  5 Moreover the brazen altar, that Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, he put before the tabernacle of the LORD: and Solomon and the congregation sought unto it.
  6 And Solomon went up thither to the brazen altar before the LORD, which was at the tabernacle of the congregation, and offered a thousand burnt offerings upon it.
  7 In that night did God appear unto Solomon, and said unto him, Ask what I shall give thee.
  8 And Solomon said unto God, Thou hast shewed great mercy unto David my father, and hast made me to reign in his stead.
  9 Now, O LORD God, let thy promise unto David my father be established: for thou hast made me king over a people like the dust of the earth in multitude.
  10 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people: for who can judge this thy people, that is so great?
  11 And God said to Solomon, Because this was in thine heart, and thou hast not asked riches, wealth, or honour, nor the life of thine enemies, neither yet hast asked long life; but hast asked wisdom and knowledge for thyself, that thou mayest judge my people, over whom I have made thee king:
  12 Wisdom and knowledge is granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as none of the kings have had that have been before thee, neither shall there any after thee have the like.
  13 Then Solomon came from his journey to the high place that was at Gibeon to Jerusalem, from before the tabernacle of the congregation, and reigned over Israel.
  14 And Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, which he placed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem.
  15 And the king made silver and gold at Jerusalem as plenteous as stones, and cedar trees made he as the sycamore trees that are in the vale for abundance.
  16 And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king's merchants received the linen yarn at a price.
  17 And they fetched up, and brought forth out of Egypt a chariot for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so brought they out horses for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, by their means.

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