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Adam Clarke Commentary

1 Chronicles 8

Introduction

The genealogy of Benjamin down to Saul, vv. 1-32. The children and descendants of Saul, 1 Chronicles 8:33 -40.

Verse 1

Now Benjamin begat, etc. - See what has been said on the preceding chapter, 1 Chronicles 7:6 (note).

Verse 9

He begat of Hodesh his wife - In the preceding verse it is said that Hushim and Baara were his wives; and here it is said he begat of Hodesh his wife, etc. And then his children by Hushim are mentioned, but not a word of Baara! It is likely therefore that Hodesh was another name for Baara, and this is asserted by the Targum: And he begot of Baara, that is Chodesh, his wife; so called because he espoused her anew. It is supposed that he had put her away before, and now remarried her.

Verse 12

Who built Ono, and Lod - The Targum adds, "Which the children of Israel ravaged and burnt with fire, when they made war on the tribe of Benjamin in Gibeah."

Verse 28

These were heads of the fathers - On the following verses Dr. Kennicott has labored hard to restore the true reading. See his detailed comparison of these and their parallel passages in his Hebrew Bible, vol. ii., p. 667.

Verse 29

And at Gibeon - This passage to the end of the 38th verse is found with a little variety in the names, 1 Chronicles 9:35 -44.The rabbins say that Ezra, having found two books that had these passages with a variety in the names, as they agreed in general, he thought best to insert them both, not being able to discern which was the best.His general plan was to collate all the copies he had, and to follow the greater number when he found them to agree; those which disagreed from the majority were thrown aside as spurious; and yet, in many cases, probably the rejected copies contained the true text.If Ezra proceeded as R. Sol. Jarchi says, he had a very imperfect notion of the rules of true criticism; and it is no wonder that he has left so many faults in his text.

Verse 34

Merib-baal - The same as Mephibosheth, for, as the Israelites detested Baal, which signifies lord, they changed it into bosheth, which signifies shame or reproach.

Verse 40

The sons of Ulam were mighty men of valor - The Targum speaks honourably of them: "The sons of Ulam were mighty and strong men, subduing by wisdom their evil concupiscence, as men bend a bow; therefore they had many sons and grandsons." Of the six sons of Azel, mentioned 1 Chronicles 8:38 , R. S. Jarchi says that their allegorical expositions were sufficient to load thirteen thousand camels! No doubt these were reputed to be deeply learned men. There was a time when the allegorizers and metaphor-men ranked very high among theologians, even in our own enlightened and critical country. At present they are almost totally out of fashion. May they never recover their footing! But what a shameful hyperbole is that of Jarchi! The writings of six men a load for thirteen thousand camels!

1 Chronicles 8


  1 Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, and Aharah the third,
  2 Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.
  3 And the sons of Bela were, Addar, and Gera, and Abihud,
  4 And Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah,
  5 And Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram.
  6 And these are the sons of Ehud: these are the heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, and they removed them to Manahath:
  7 And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he removed them, and begat Uzza, and Ahihud.
  8 And Shaharaim begat children in the country of Moab, after he had sent them away; Hushim and Baara were his wives.
  9 And he begat of Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham,
  10 And Jeuz, and Shachia, and Mirma. These were his sons, heads of the fathers.
  11 And of Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal.
  12 The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof:
  13 Beriah also, and Shema, who were heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:
  14 And Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth,
  15 And Zebadiah, and Arad, and Ader,
  16 And Michael, and Ispah, and Joha, the sons of Beriah;
  17 And Zebadiah, and Meshullam, and Hezeki, and Heber,
  18 Ishmerai also, and Jezliah, and Jobab, the sons of Elpaal;
  19 And Jakim, and Zichri, and Zabdi,
  20 And Elienai, and Zilthai, and Eliel,
  21 And Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of Shimhi;
  22 And Ishpan, and Heber, and Eliel,
  23 And Abdon, and Zichri, and Hanan,
  24 And Hananiah, and Elam, and Antothijah,
  25 And Iphedeiah, and Penuel, the sons of Shashak;
  26 And Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athaliah,
  27 And Jaresiah, and Eliah, and Zichri, the sons of Jeroham.
  28 These were heads of the fathers, by their generations, chief men. These dwelt in Jerusalem.
  29 And at Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon; whose wife's name was Maachah:
  30 And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab,
  31 And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zacher.
  32 And Mikloth begat Shimeah. And these also dwelt with their brethren in Jerusalem, over against them.
  33 And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.
  34 And the son of Jonathan was Meribbaal; and Meribbaal begat Micah.
  35 And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz.
  36 And Ahaz begat Jehoadah; and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza,
  37 And Moza begat Binea: Rapha was his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son:
  38 And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the sons of Azel.
  39 And the sons of Eshek his brother were, Ulam his firstborn, Jehush the second, and Eliphelet the third.
  40 And the sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour, archers, and had many sons, and sons' sons, an hundred and fifty. All these are of the sons of Benjamin.

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