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Edward Robinson



QUARREL, a brawl or contest. Solomon com- pares him who meddles with the quarrels of people unknown, to one who takes a dog by the ears, and so rashly exposes himself to be bitten. This is gener- ally the case ; but it should not be concluded from hence, that we ought never to try to reconcile neigh- bors. It must be attempted, however, with much prudence, caution and charity, for fear of increasing the evil we undertake to appease.


QUEEN, a king's wife. This is the general ar - [ 773 ] ceptation of the term queen ; but it seems to be used by the orientals in another sense, and corresponds to the official title of "king's mother." A knowledge of this circumstance will remove several discrepancies in the historical books of the Old Testament, which have greatly perplexed the commentators. See the article King's Mother. OF HEAVEN, a name which the He- brew idolaters gave to the moon. Jeremiah (vii. 17. &c.) says, " The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and the women knead their dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven." And chap. xliv. 16 — IS, the disobedient Israelites say to the same prophet, "We will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven. For since we left off to burn in- cense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink- offerings unto her, we have wanted all thingrs, and have been consumed by the sword and by famine." Calmet thinks it to be the Meni of Isa. lxv. 11, who was worshipped as the moon, Astarte, Trivia, Hecate. Diana, the heavenly Venus, and Isis, according to different superstitions. They placed altars to her on the platforms or the roofs of their houses, at the cor- ners of the streets, near their doors, and in groves. They offered her cakes kneaded with oil or honey, and made libations to her, with wine and other liquors. The rabbins think they printed on these cakes the resemblance of a star or half-moon. See Idolatry.

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