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ACHROMATICALLY Ach`ro*matic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an achromatic manner.


ACHROMATICITY Ach`ro*ma*tici*ty, n. Defn: Achromatism.


ACHROMATIN A*chroma*tin, n. (Biol.) Defn: Tissue which is not stained by fluid dyes. W. Flemming.


ACHROMATISM A*chroma*tism, n. Etym: [Cf. F. achromatisme.] Defn: The state or quality of being achromatic; as, the achromatism of a lens; achromaticity. Nichol.


ACHROMATIZATION A*chro`ma*ti*zation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. achromatisation.] Defn: The act or process of achromatizing.


ACHROMATIZE A*chroma*tize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achromatized; p. pr. & vb. n. Achromatizing.] Etym: [Gr. Defn: To deprive of color; to make achromatic.


ACHROMATOPSY A*chroma*topsy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Color blindness; inability to distinguish colors; Daltonism.


ACHROMATOUS A*chroma*tous, a. [See Ahromatic.] Defn: Lacking, or deficient in, color; as, achromatous blood.


ACHROMIC A*chromic, a. [Gr. colorless; priv. + color.] Defn: Free from color; colorless; as, in Physiol. Chem., the achromic point of a starch solution acted upon by an amylolytic enzyme is the point at which it fails to give any color with iodine.


ACHRONIC A*chronic, a. Defn: See Acronyc.


ACHROODEXTRIN; ACHROOEDEXTRIN Ach`ro*?*dextrin, n. Etym: [Gr. dextrin.] (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: Dextrin not colorable by iodine. See Dextrin.


ACHROOUS Achro*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Colorless; achromatic.


ACHYLOUS A*chylous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Without chyle.


ACHYMOUS A*chymous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Without chyme.


ACICULA A*cicu*la, n.; pl. Acicul?. Etym: [L., a small needle, dimin. of acus needle.] (Nat. Hist.) Defn: One of the needlelike or bristlelike spines or prickles of some animals and plants; also, a needlelike crystal.


ACICULAR A*cicu*lar, a. Defn: Needle-shaped; slender like a needle or bristle, as some leaves or crystals; also, having sharp points like needless. A*cicu*lar*ly, adv.


ACICULATE; ACICULATED A*cicu*late, A*cicu*lated a. (Nat. Hist.) (a) Furnished with acicul?. (b) Acicular. (c) Marked with fine irregular streaks as if scratched by a needle. Lindley.


ACICULIFORM A*cicu*li*form, a. Etym: [L. acicula needle + -form.] Defn: Needle-shaped; acicular.


ACICULITE A*cicu*lite, n. (Min.) Defn: Needle ore. Brande & C.


ACID Acid, a. Etym: [L. acidus sour, fr. the root ak to be sharp: cf. F. acide. Cf. Acute.] 1. Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. Also fig.: Sour-tempered. He was stern and his face as acid as ever. A. Trollope. 2. Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.


ACID Acid, n. 1. A sour substance. 2. (Chem.) Defn: One of a class of compounds, generally but not always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors. They are also characterized by the power of destroying the distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining with them to form salts, at the same time losing their own peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united with a more negative element or radical, either alone, or more generally with oxygen, and take their names from this negative element or radical. Those which contain no oxygen are sometimes called hydracids in distinction from the others which are called oxygen acids or oxacids. Note: In certain cases, sulphur, selenium, or tellurium may take the place of oxygen, and the corresponding compounds are called respectively sulphur acids or sulphacids, selenium acids, or tellurium acids. When the hydrogen of an acid is replaced by a positive element or radical, a salt is formed, and hence acids are sometimes named as salts of hydrogen; as hydrogen nitrate for nitric acid, hydrogen sulphate for sulphuric acid, etc. In the old chemistry the name acid was applied to the oxides of the negative or nonmetallic elements, now sometimes called anhydrides.


ACID PROCESS Acid process. (Iron Metal.) Defn: That variety of either the Bessemer or the open-hearth process in which the converter or hearth is lined with acid, that is, highly siliceous, material. Opposed to basic process.


ACIDIC A*cidic, a. (Min.) Defn: Containing a high percentage of silica; -- opposed to basic. an acidic solution.


ACIDIFEROUS Ac`id*ifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. acidus sour + -ferous.] Defn: Containing or yielding an acid.


ACIDIFIABLE A*cidi*fi`a*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being acidified, or converted into an acid.


ACIDIFIC Ac`id*ific, a. Defn: Producing acidity; converting into an acid. Dana.


ACIDIFICATION A*cid`i*fi*cation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. acidification.] Defn: The act or process of acidifying, or changing into an acid.


ACIDIFIER A*cidi*fi`er, n. (Chem.) Defn: A simple or compound principle, whose presence is necessary to produce acidity, as oxygen, chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc.


ACIDIFY A*cidi*fy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidified; p. pr. & vb. n. Acidifying.] Etym: [L. acidus sour, acid + -fy: cf. F. acidifier.] 1. To make acid; to convert into an acid; as, to acidify sugar. 2. To sour; to imbitter. His thin existence all acidified into rage. Carlyle.


ACIDIMETER Ac`id*ime*ter, n. Etym: [L. acidus acid + -meter.] (Chem.) Defn: An instrument for ascertaining the strength of acids. Ure.


ACIDIMETRY Ac`id*ime*try, n. Etym: [L. acidus acid + -metry.] (Chem.) Defn: The measurement of the strength of acids, especially by a chemical process based on the law of chemical combinations, or the fact that, to produce a complete reaction, a certain definite weight of reagent is required. -- Ac`id*i*metric*al, a.


ACIDITY A*cidi*ty, n. Etym: [L. acidites, fr. acidus: cf. F. acidit?. See Acid.] Defn: The quality of being sour; sourness; tartness; sharpness to the taste; as, the acidity of lemon juice.


ACIDLY Acid*ly, adv. Defn: Sourly; tartly.


ACIDNESS Acid*ness, n. Defn: Acidity; sourness.


ACIDULATE A*cidu*late, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidulated; p. pr. & vb. n. Acidulating.] Etym: [Cf. F. aciduler. See Acidulous.] Defn: To make sour or acid in a moderate degree; to sour somewhat. Arbuthnot.


ACIDULENT A*cidu*lent, a. Defn: Having an acid quality; sour; acidulous. With anxious, acidulent face. Carlyle.


ACIDULOUS A*cidu*lous, a. Etym: [L. acidulus, dim. of acidus. See Acid.] Defn: Slightly sour; sub-acid; sourish; as, an acidulous tincture. E. Burke. Acidulous mineral waters, such as contain carbonic anhydride.


ACIERAGE Ac`i*er*age, n. Etym: [F. aci?rage, fr. acier steel.] Defn: The process of coating the surface of a metal plate (as a stereotype plate) with steellike iron by means of voltaic electricity; steeling.


ACIFORM Aci*form, a. Etym: [L. acus needle + -form.] Defn: Shaped like a needle.


ACINACEOUS Aci*naceous, a. Etym: [L. acinus a grape, grapestone.] (Bot.) Defn: Containing seeds or stones of grapes, or grains like them.


ACINACES A*cina*ces, n. Etym: [L., from Gr. (Anc. Hist.) Defn: A short sword or saber.


ACINACIFORM Ac`i*naci*form, a. Etym: [L. acinaces a short sword + -form: cf. F. acinaciforme.] (Bot.) Defn: Scimeter-shaped; as, an acinaciform leaf.


ACINESIA Ac`i*nesi*a, n. (Med.) Defn: Same as Akinesia.


ACINETAE Ac`i*net?, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of suctorial Infusoria, which in the adult stage are stationary. See Suctoria.


ACINETIFORM Ac`i*neti*form, a. Etym: [Acinet? + -form.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Resembling the Acinet?.


ACINIFORM A*cini*form, a. Etym: [L. acinus a grape, grapestone + -form: cf. F. acinoforme.] 1. Having the form of a cluster of grapes; clustered like grapes. 2. Full of small kernels like a grape.


ACINOSE; ACINOUS Aci*nose`, Aci*nous a. Etym: [L. acinosus, fr. acinus grapestone.] Defn: Consisting of acini, or minute granular concretions; as, acinose or acinous glands. Kirwan.


ACINUS Aci*nus, n.; pl. Acini. Etym: [L., grape, grapestone.] 1. (Bot.) (a) One of the small grains or drupelets which make up some kinds of fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry, etc. (b) A grapestone. 2. (Anat.) Defn: One of the granular masses which constitute a racemose or compound gland, as the pancreas; also, one of the saccular recesses in the lobules of a racemose gland. Quain.


ACIPENSER Ac`i*penser, n. Etym: [L., the name of a fish.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons, having the body armed with bony scales, and the mouth on the under side of the head. See Sturgeon.


ACIURGY Aci*ur`gy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Operative surgery.


ACKNOW Ac*know, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + know; AS. oncnawan.] 1. To recognize. [Obs.] You will not be acknown, sir. B. Jonson. 2. To acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.] Chaucer. To be acknown (often with of or on), to acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.] We say of a stubborn body that standeth still in the denying of his fault, This man will not acknowledge his fault, or, He will not be acknown of his fault. Sir T. More.


ACKNOWLEDGE Ac*knowledge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acknowledged; p. pr. & vb. n. Acknowledging.] Etym: [Prob. fr. pref. a- + the verb knowledge. See Knowledge, and ci. Acknow.] 1. To of or admit the knowledge of; to recognize as a fact or truth; to declare one's belief in; as, to acknowledge the being of a God. I acknowledge my transgressions. Ps. li. 3. For ends generally acknowledged to be good. Macaulay. 2. To own or recognize in a particular character or relationship; to admit the claims or authority of; to give recognition to. In all thy ways acknowledge Him. Prov. iii. 6. By my soul, I'll ne'er acknowledge thee. Shak. 3. To own with gratitude or as a benefit or an obligation; as, to acknowledge a favor, the receipt of a letter. They his gifts acknowledged none. Milton. 4. To own as genuine; to assent to, as a legal instrument, to give it validity; to avow or admit in legal form; as, to acknowledgea deed. Syn. -- To avow; proclaim; recognize; own; admit; allow; concede; confess. -- Acknowledge, Recognize. Acknowledge is opposed to keep back, or conceal, and supposes that something had been previously known to us (though perhaps not to others) which we now feel bound to lay open or make public. Thus, a man acknowledges a secret marriage; one who has done wrong acknowledges his fault; and author acknowledges his obligation to those who have aided him; we acknowledge our ignorance. Recognize supposes that we have either forgotten or not had the evidence of a thing distinctly before our minds, but that now we know it (as it were) anew, or receive and admit in on the ground of the evidence it brings. Thus, we recognize a friend after a long absence. We recognize facts, principles, truths, etc., when their evidence is brought up fresh to the mind; as, bad men usually recognize the providence of God in seasons of danger. A foreign minister, consul, or agent, of any kind, is recognized on the ground of his producing satisfactory credentials. See also Confess.


ACKNOWLEDGEDLY Ac*knowledged*ly, adv. Defn: Confessedly.


ACKNOWLEDGER Ac*knowledg*er, n. Defn: One who acknowledges.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT Ac*knowledg*ment, n. 1. The act of acknowledging; admission; avowal; owning; confession. An acknowledgment of fault. Froude. 2. The act of owning or recognized in a particular character or relationship; recognition as regards the existence, authority, truth, or genuineness. Immediately upon the acknowledgment of the Christian faith, the eunuch was baptized by Philip. Hooker. 3. The owning of a benefit received; courteous recognition; expression of thanks. Shak. 4. Something given or done in return for a favor, message, etc. Smollett. 5. A declaration or avowal of one's own act, to give it legal validity; as, the acknowledgment of a deed before a proper officer. Also, the certificate of the officer attesting such declaration. Acknowledgment money, in some parts of England, a sum paid by copyhold tenants, on the death of their landlords, as an acknowledgment of their new lords. Cowell. Syn. -- Confession; concession; recognition; admission; avowal; recognizance.


ACLINIC A*clinic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physics.) Defn: Without inclination or dipping; -- said the magnetic needle balances itself horizontally, having no dip. The aclinic line is also termed the magnetic equator. Prof. August.


ACME Acme, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. The top or highest point; the culmination. The very acme and pitch of life for epic poetry. Pope. The moment when a certain power reaches the acme of its supremacy. I. Taylor. 2. (Med.) Defn: The crisis or height of a disease. 3. Mature age; full bloom of life. B. Jonson.


ACNE Acne, n. Etym: [NL., prob. a corruption of Gr. (Med.) Defn: A pustular affection of the skin, due to changes in the sebaceous glands.


ACNODAL Ac*nodal, a. Defn: Pertaining to acnodes.


ACNODE Acnode, n. Etym: [L. acus needle + E. node.] (Geom.) Defn: An isolated point not upon a curve, but whose co?rdinates satisfy the equation of the curve so that it is considered as belonging to the curve.


ACOCK A*cock, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + cock.] Defn: In a cocked or turned up fashion.


ACOCKBILL A*cockbill`, adv. Etym: [Prefix a- + cock + bill: with bills cocked up.] (Naut.) (a) Hanging at the cathead, ready to let go, as an anchor. (b) Topped up; having one yardarm higher than the other.


ACOLD A*cold, a. Etym: [Prob. p. p. of OE. acolen to grow cold or cool,


ACOLOGIC Ac`o*logic, a. Defn: Pertaining to acology.


ACOLOGY A*colo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] Defn: Materia medica; the science of remedies.


ACOLOTHIST A*colo*thist, n. Defn: See Acolythist.


ACOLYCTINE Ac`o*lyctine, n. Etym: [From the name of the plant.] (Chem.) Defn: An organic base, in the form of a white powder, obtained from Aconitum lycoctonum. Eng. Cyc.


ACOLYTE Ac`o*lyte, n. Etym: [LL. acolythus, acoluthus, Gr. acolyte.] 1. (Eccl.) Defn: One who has received the highest of the four minor orders in the Catholic church, being ordained to carry the wine and water and the lights at the Mass. 2. One who attends; an assistant. With such chiefs, and with James and John as acolytes. Motley.


ACOLYTH Aco*lyth, n. Defn: Same as Acolyte.


ACOLYTHIST A*coly*thist, n. Defn: An acolyte. [Obs.]


ACONDDYLOSE; ACONDYLOUS A*conddy*lose`, A*condy*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Nat. Hist.) Defn: Being without joints; jointless.


ACONITAL Ac`o*nital, a. Defn: Of the nature of aconite.


ACONITE Aco*nite, n. Etym: [L. aconitum, Gr. aconit.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: The herb wolfsbane, or monkshood; -- applied to any plant of the genus Aconitum (tribe Hellebore), all the species of which are poisonous. 2. An extract or tincture obtained from Aconitum napellus, used as a poison and medicinally. Winter aconite, a plant (Eranthis hyemalis) allied to the aconites.


ACONITIA Ac`o*niti*a, n. (Chem.) Defn: Same as Aconitine.


ACONITIC Ac`o*nitic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to aconite.


ACONITINE A*coni*tine, n. (Chem.) Defn: An intensely poisonous alkaloid, extracted from aconite.


ACONITUM Ac`o*nitum, n. Etym: [L. See Aconite.] Defn: The poisonous herb aconite; also, an extract from it. Strong As aconitum or rash gunpowder. Shak.


ACONTIA A*conti*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Threadlike defensive organs, composed largely of nettling cells (cnid?), thrown out of the mouth or special pores of certain Actini? when irritated.


ACONTIAS A*conti*as, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Anciently, a snake, called dart snake; now, one of a genus of reptiles closely allied to the lizards.


ACOPIC A*copic, a. Etym: [Gr. priv. + (Med.) Defn: Relieving weariness; restorative.


ACORN Acorn, n. Etym: [AS. ?cern, fr. ?cer field, acre; akin to D. aker acorn, Ger. ecker, Icel. akarn, Dan. agern, Goth. akran fruit, akrs field; -- orig. fruit of the field. See Acre.] 1. The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody cup or cupule. 2. (Naut.) Defn: A cone-shaped piece of wood on the point of the spindle above the vane, on the mast-head. 3. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Acorn-shell.


ACORN CUP Acorn cup. Defn: The involucre or cup in which the acorn is fixed.


ACORN-SHELL Acorn-shell`, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the sessile cirripeds; a barnacle of the genus Balanus. See Barnacle.


ACORNED Acorned, a. 1. Furnished or loaded with acorns. 2. Fed or filled with acorns. [R.] Shak.


ACOSMISM A*cosmism, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God.


ACOSMIST A*cosmist, n. Etym: [See Acosmism.] Defn: One who denies the existence of the universe, or of a universe as distinct from God. G. H. Lewes.


ACOTYLEDON A*cot`y*ledon (#; 277), n. Etym: [Gr. Cotyledon.] (Bot.) Defn: A plant which has no cotyledons, as the dodder and all flowerless plants.


ACOTYLEDONOUS A*cot`y*ledon*ous (#; 277), a. Defn: Having no seed lobes, as the dodder; also applied to plants which have no true seeds, as ferns, mosses, etc.


ACOUCHY A*couchy, n. Etym: [F. acouchi, from the native name Guiana.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small species of agouti (Dasyprocta acouchy).


ACOUMETER A*coume*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter.] (Physics.) Defn: An instrument for measuring the acuteness of the sense of hearing. Itard.


ACOUMETRY A*coume*try, n. Etym: [Gr. -metry.] Defn: The measuring of the power or extent of hearing.


ACOUSTIC A*coustic (#; 277), a. Etym: [F. acoustique, Gr. Defn: Pertaining to the sense of hearing, the organs of hearing, or the science of sounds; auditory. Acoustic duct, the auditory duct, or external passage of the ear. -- Acoustic telegraph, a telegraph making audible signals; a telephone. -- Acoustic vessels, brazen tubes or vessels, shaped like a bell, used in ancient theaters to propel the voices of the actors, so as to render them audible to a great distance.


ACOUSTIC A*coustic, n. Defn: A medicine or agent to assist hearing.


ACOUSTICAL A*coustic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to acoustics.


ACOUSTICALLY A*coustic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In relation to sound or to hearing. Tyndall.


ACOUSTICIAN Ac`ous*tician, n. Defn: One versed in acoustics. Tyndall.


ACOUSTICS A*coustics (#; 277), n. Etym: [Names of sciences in -ics, as, acoustics, mathematics, etc., are usually treated as singular. See - ics.] (Physics.) Defn: The science of sounds, teaching their nature, phenomena, and laws. Acoustics, then, or the science of sound, is a very considerable branch of physics. Sir J. Herschel. Note: The science is, by some writers, divided, into diacoustics, which explains the properties of sounds coming directly from the ear; and catacoustica, which treats of reflected sounds or echoes.


ACQUAINT Ac*quaint, a. Etym: [OF. acoint. See Acquaint, v. t.] Defn: Acquainted. [Obs.]


ACQUAINT Ac*quaint, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquainted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acquainting.] Etym: [OE. aqueinten, acointen, OF. acointier, LL. adcognitare, fr. L. ad + cognitus, p. p. of cognoscere to know; con- + noscere to know. See Quaint, Know.] 1. To furnish or give experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to know; to make familiar; -- followed by with. Before a man can speak on any subject, it is necessary to be acquainted with it. Locke. A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief. Isa. liii. 3. 2. To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; -- followed by with (formerly, also, by of), or by that, introducing the intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with the particulars of an act. Acquaint her here of my son Paris' love. Shak. I must acquaint you that I have received New dated letters from Northumberland. Shak. 3. To familiarize; to accustom. [Obs.] Evelyn. To be acquainted with, to be possessed of personal knowledge of; to be cognizant of; to be more or less familiar with; to be on terms of social intercourse with. Syn. -- To inform; apprise; communicate; advise.


ACQUAINTABLE Ac*quainta*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. OF. acointable]. Defn: Easy to be acquainted with; affable. [Obs.] Rom. of R.

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