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ACCUSTOMED Ac*customed, a. 1. Familiar through use; usual; customary. An accustomed action. Shak. 2. Frequented by customers. [Obs.] A well accustomed shop. Smollett.


ACCUSTOMEDNESS Ac*customed*ness, n. Defn: Habituation. Accustomedness to sin hardens the heart. Bp. Pearce.


ACE Ace, n.; pl. Aces. Etym: [OE. as, F. as, fr. L. as, assis, unity, copper coin, the unit of coinage. Cf. As.] 1. A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds. 2. Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an atom; a jot. I 'll not wag an ace further. Dryden. To bate an ace, to make the least abatement. [Obs.] -- Within an ace of, very near; on the point of. W. Irving.


ACELDAMA A*celda*ma, n. Etym: [Gr. okel damo the field of blood.] Defn: The potter's field, said to have lain south of Jerusalem, purchased with the bribe which Judas took for betraying his Master, and therefore called the field of blood. Fig.: A field of bloodshed. The system of warfare . . . which had already converted immense tracts into one universal aceldama. De Quincey.


ACENTRIC A*centric, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Not centered; without a center.


ACEPHAL Ace*phal, n. Etym: [Gr. ac?phale, LL. acephalus.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Acephala.


ACEPHALA A*cepha*la, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. Acephal.] (Zo?l.) Defn: That division of the Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the clams and oysters; -- so called because they have no evident head. Formerly the group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and sometimes the Bryozoa. See Mollusca.


ACEPHALAN A*cepha*lan, n. Defn: Same as Acephal.


ACEPHALAN A*cepha*lan, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Belonging to the Acephala.


ACEPHALI A*cepha*li, n. pl. Etym: [LL., pl. of acephalus. See Acephal.] 1. A fabulous people reported by ancient writers to have heads. 2. (Eccl. Hist.) (a) A Christian sect without a leader. (b) Bishops and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan control. 3. A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I.


ACEPHALIST A*cepha*list, n. Defn: One who acknowledges no head or superior. Dr. Gauden.


ACEPHALOCYST A*cepha*lo*cyst, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A larval entozo?n in the form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hy datid, filled with fluid, sometimes found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; -- so called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different origin.


ACEPHALOCYSTIC A*ceph`a*lo*cystic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, the acephalocysts.


ACEPHALOUS A*cepha*lous, a. Etym: [See Acephal.] 1. Headless. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: Without a distinct head; -- a term applied to bivalve mollusks. 3. (Bot.) Defn: Having the style spring from the base, instead of from the apex, as is the case in certain ovaries. 4. Without a leader or chief. 5. Wanting the beginning. A false or acephalous structure of sentence. De Quincey. 6. (Pros.) Defn: Deficient and the beginning, as a line of poetry. Brande.


ACEQUIA A*cequi*a, n. [Sp.] Defn: A canal or trench for irrigating land. [Sp. Amer.]


ACERATE Acer*ate, n. Etym: [See Aceric.] (Chem.) Defn: A combination of aceric acid with a salifiable base.


ACERATE Acer*ate, a. Defn: Acerose; needle-shaped.


ACERB A*cerb, a. Etym: [L. acerbus, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. acerbe. See Acrid.] Defn: Sour, bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe fruit; sharp and harsh.


ACERBATE A*cerbate, v. t. Etym: [L. acerbatus, p. p. of acerbare, fr. acerbus.] Defn: To sour; to imbitter; to irritate.


ACERBIC A*cerbic, a. Defn: Sour or severe.


ACERBITUDE A*cerbi*tude, n. Etym: [L. acerbitudo, fr. acerbus.] Defn: Sourness and harshness. [Obs.] Bailey.


ACERBITY A*cerbi*ty, n. Etym: [F. acerbit?, L. acerbitas, fr. acerbus. See Acerb.] 1. Sourness of taste, with bitterness and astringency, like that of unripe fruit. 2. Harshness, bitterness, or severity; as, acerbity of temper, of language, of pain. Barrow.


ACERIC A*ceric, a. Etym: [L. acer maple.] Defn: Pertaining to, or obtained from, the maple; as, aceric acid. Ure.


ACEROSE Acer*ose`, a. Etym: [(a) L. acerosus chaffy, fr. acus, gen. aceris, chaff; (b) as if fr. L. acus needle: cf. F. ac?reux.] (Bot.) (a) Having the nature of chaff; chaffy. (b) Needle-shaped, having a sharp, rigid point, as the leaf of the pine.


ACEROUS Acer*ous, a. Defn: Same as Acerose.


ACEROUS Acer*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. &a; priv. + keras a horn.] (Zo?l.) (a) Destitute of tentacles, as certain mollusks. (b) Without antenn?, as some insects.


ACERVAL A*cerval, a. Etym: [L. acervalis, fr. acervus heap.] Defn: Pertaining to a heap. [Obs.]


ACERVATE A*cervate, v. t. Etym: [L. acervatus, p. p. of acervare to heap up, fr. acervus heap.] Defn: To heap up. [Obs.]


ACERVATE A*cervate, a. Defn: Heaped, or growing in heaps, or closely compacted clusters.


ACERVATION Ac`er*vation, n. Etym: [L. acervatio.] Defn: A heaping up; accumulation. [R.] Johnson.


ACERVATIVE A*cerva*tive, a. Defn: Heaped up; tending to heap up.


ACERVOSE A*cervose, a. Defn: Full of heaps. [R.] Bailey.


ACERVULINE A*cervu*line, a. Defn: Resembling little heaps.


ACESCENCE; ACESCENCY A*cescence, A*cescen*cy, n. Etym: [Cf. F. acescence. See Acescent.] Defn: The quality of being acescent; the process of acetous fermentation; a moderate degree of sourness. Johnson.


ACESCENT A*cescent, a. Etym: [L. acescens, -entis, p. pr. of acescere to turn sour; inchoative of acere to be sour: cf. F. acescent. See Acid.] Defn: Turning sour; readily becoming tart or acid; slightly sour. Faraday.


ACESCENT A*cescent, n. Defn: A substance liable to become sour.


ACETABLE Ace*ta*ble, n. Defn: An acetabulum; or about one eighth of a pint. [Obs.] Holland.


ACETABULAR Ac`e*tabu*lar, a. Defn: Cup-shaped; saucer-shaped; acetabuliform.


ACETABULIFERA Ac`e*tab`u*life*ra, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Acetabuliferous.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The division of Cephalopoda in which the arms are furnished with cup-shaped suckers, as the cuttlefishes, squids, and octopus; the Dibranchiata. See Cephalopoda.


ACETABULIFEROUS Ac`e*tab`u*lifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. acetablum a little cup + - ferous.] Defn: Furnished with fleshy cups for adhering to bodies, as cuttlefish, etc.


ACETABULIFORM Ac`e*tabu*li*form, a. Etym: [L. acetabulum + -form.] (Bot.) Defn: Shaped like a shallow; saucer-shaped; as, an acetabuliform calyx. Gray.


ACETABULUM Ac`e*tabu*lum, n. Etym: [L., a little saucer for vinegar, fr. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: A vinegar cup; socket of the hip bone; a measure of about one eighth of a pint, etc. 2. (Anat.) (a) The bony cup which receives the head of the thigh bone. (b) The cavity in which the leg of an insect is inserted at its articulation with the body. (c) A sucker of the sepia or cuttlefish and related animals. (d) The large posterior sucker of the leeches. (e) One of the lobes of the placenta in ruminating animals.


ACETAL Ace*tal, n. Etym: [Acetic + alcohol.] (Chem.) Defn: A limpid, colorless, inflammable liquid from the slow oxidation of alcohol under the influence of platinum black.


ACETALDEHYDE Ac`et*alde*hyde, n. Defn: Acetic aldehyde. See Aldehyde.


ACETAMIDE Ac`et*amide, n. Etym: [Acetyl + amide.] (Chem.) Defn: A white crystalline solid, from ammonia by replacement of an equivalent of hydrogen by acetyl.


ACETANILIDE Ac`et*ani*lide, n. Etym: [Acetyl + anilide.] (Med.) Defn: A compound of aniline with acetyl, used to allay fever or pain; -- called also antifebrine.


ACETARIOUS Ac`e*tari*ous, a. Etym: [L. acetaria, n. pl., salad, fr. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] Defn: Used in salads; as, acetarious plants.


ACETARY Ace*ta*ry, n. Etym: [L. acetaria salad plants.] Defn: An acid pulp in certain fruits, as the pear. Grew.


ACETATE Ace*tate, n. Etym: [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] (Chem.) Defn: A salt formed by the union of acetic acid with a base or positive radical; as, acetate of lead, acetate of potash.


ACETATED Ace*ta`ted, a. Defn: Combined with acetic acid.


ACETIC A*cetic (#; 277), a. Etym: [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] (Chem.) (a) Of a pertaining to vinegar; producing vinegar; producing vinegar; as, acetic fermentation. (b) Pertaining to, containing, or derived from, acetyl, as acetic ether, acetic acid. The latter is the acid to which the sour taste of vinegar is due.


ACETIFICATION A*cet`i*fi*cation, n. Defn: The act of making acetous or sour; the process of converting, or of becoming converted, into vinegar.


ACETIFIER A*ceti*fi`er, n. Defn: An apparatus for hastening acetification. Knight.


ACETIFY A*ceti*fy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acetified; p. pr. & vb. n. Acetifying.] Etym: [L. acetum vinegar + -fly.] Defn: To convert into acid or vinegar.


ACETIFY A*ceti*fy, v. i. Defn: To turn acid. Encyc. Dom. Econ.


ACETIMETER Ac`e*time*ter, n. Etym: [L. acetum vinegar + -meter: cf. F. ac?tim?tre.] Defn: An instrument for estimating the amount of acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic acid.


ACETIMETRY Ac`e*time*try, n. Defn: The act or method of ascertaining the strength of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid contained in it. Ure.


ACETIN Ace*tin, n. (Chem.) Defn: A combination of acetic acid with glycerin. Brande & C.


ACETIZE Ace*tize, v. i. Defn: To acetify. [R.]


ACETOL Ace*tol, n. [Acetic + -ol as in alcohol.] (Chem.) Defn: Methyl ketol; also, any of various homologues of the same.


ACETOMETER Ac`e*tome*ter, n. Defn: Same as Acetimeter. Brande & C.


ACETONAEMIA; ACETONEMIA Ac`e*to*n?mi*a, Ac`e*to*nemi*a, n. [NL. See Acetone; H?ma-.] (Med.) Defn: A morbid condition characterized by the presence of acetone in the blood, as in diabetes.


ACETONE Ace*tone, n. Etym: [See Acetic.] (Chem.) Defn: A volatile liquid consisting of three parts of carbon, six of hydrogen, and one of oxygen; pyroacetic spirit, -- obtained by the distillation of certain acetates, or by the destructive distillation of citric acid, starch, sugar, or gum, with quicklime. Note: The term in also applied to a number of bodies of similar constitution, more frequently called ketones. See Ketone.


ACETONIC Ac`e*tonic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to acetone; as, acetonic bodies.


ACETONURIA Ac`e*to*nuri*a, n. [NL. See Acetone; Urine.] (Med.) Defn: Excess of acetone in the urine, as in starvation or diabetes.


ACETOPHENONE Ac`e*to*phenone, n. [Acetic + phenyl + one.] (Chem.) Defn: A crystalline ketone, CH3COC6H5, which may be obtained by the dry distillation of a mixture of the calcium salts of acetic and benzoic acids. It is used as a hypnotic under the name of hypnone.


ACETOSE Ace*tose, a. Defn: Sour like vinegar; acetous.


ACETOSITY Ac`e*tosi*ty, n. Etym: [LL. acetositas. See Acetous.] Defn: The quality of being acetous; sourness.


ACETOUS A*cetous (#; 277), a. Etym: [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] 1. Having a sour taste; sour; acid. An acetous spirit. Boyle. A liquid of an acetous kind. Bp. Lowth. 2. Causing, or connected with, acetification; as, acetous fermentation. Acetous acid, a name formerly given to vinegar.


ACETYL Ace*tyl, n. Etym: [L. acetum vinegar + Gr. -yl.] (Chem.) Defn: A complex, hypothetical radical, composed of two parts of carbon to three of hydrogen and one of oxygen. Its hydroxide is acetic acid.


ACETYLENE A*cety*lene, n. (Chem.) Defn: A gaseous compound of carbon and hydrogen, in the proportion of two atoms of the former to two of the latter. It is a colorless gas, with a peculiar, unpleasant odor, and is produced for use as an illuminating gas in a number of ways, but chiefly by the action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very brilliant. Watts.


ACH; ACHE Ach, Ache, n. Etym: [F. ache, L. apium parsley.] Defn: A name given to several species of plants; as, smallage, wild celery, parsley. [Obs.] Holland.


ACHAEAN; ACHAIAN A*ch?an, A*chaian a. Etym: [L. Achaeus, Achaius; Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to Achaia in Greece; also, Grecian. -- n. Defn: A native of Achaia; a Greek.


ACHARNEMENT A*charne*ment, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: Savage fierceness; ferocity.


ACHATE Achate, n. Defn: An agate. [Obs.] Evelyn.


ACHATE A*chate, n. Etym: [F. achat purchase. See Cates.] 1. Purchase; bargaining. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. pl. Defn: Provisions. Same as Cates. [Obs.] Spenser.


ACHATINA Ach`a*tina, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of land snails, often large, common in the warm parts of America and Africa.


ACHATOUR A*cha*tour, n. Etym: [See Cater.] Defn: Purveyor; acater. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ACHE Ache, n. Etym: [OE. ache, AS. ?ce, ece, fr. acan to ache. See Ache, v. i.] Defn: Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden twinges, or spasmodic pain. Such an ache in my bones. Shak. Note: Often used in composition, as, a headache, an earache, a toothache.


ACHE Ache, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ached; p. pr. & vb. n. Aching.] Etym: [OE. aken, AS. acan, both strong verbs, AS. acan, imp. oc, p. p. acen, to ache; perh. orig. to drive, and akin to agent.] Defn: To suffer pain; to have, or be in, pain, or in continued pain; to be distressed. My old bones ache. Shak. The sins that in your conscience ache. Keble.


ACHEAN A*chean, a & n. Defn: See Ach?an, Achaian.


ACHENE; ACHENIUM A*chene, A*cheni*um n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A small, dry, indehiscent fruit, containing a single seed, as in the buttercup; -- called a naked seed by the earlier botanists. [Written also akene and ach?nium.]


ACHENIAL A*cheni*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to an achene.


ACHERON Ache*ron, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Myth.) Defn: A river in the Nether World or infernal regions; also, the infernal regions themselves. By some of the English poets it was supposed to be a flaming lake or gulf. Shak.


ACHERONTIC Ach`e*rontic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Acheron; infernal; hence, dismal, gloomy; moribund. A CHEVAL A` che*val. [F., lit., on horseback.] Defn: Astride; with a part on each side; -- used specif. in designating the position of an army with the wings separated by some line of demarcation, as a river or road. A position ? cheval on a river is not one which a general willingly assumes. Swinton.


ACHIEVABLE A*chieva*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being achieved. Barrow.


ACHIEVANCE A*chievance, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. achevance.] Defn: Achievement. [Obs.] Sir T. Elyot.


ACHIEVE A*chieve, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achieved; p. pr. & vb. n. Achieving.] Etym: [OE. acheven, OF. achever, achiever, F. achever, to finish; ? (L. ad) + OF. chief, F. chef, end, head, fr. L. caput head. See Chief.] 1. To carry on to a final close; to bring out into a perfected state; to accomplish; to perform; -- as, to achieve a feat, an exploit, an enterprise. Supposing faculties and powers to be the same, far more may be achieved in any line by the aid of a capital, invigorating motive than without it. I. Taylor. 2. To obtain, or gain, as the result of exertion; to succeed in gaining; to win. Some are born great, some achieve greatness. Shak. Thou hast achieved our liberty. Milton. Note: [[Obs]., with a material thing as the aim.] Show all the spoils by valiant kings achieved. Prior. He hath achieved a maid That paragons description. Shak. 3. To finish; to kill. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- To accomplish; effect; fulfill; complete; execute; perform; realize; obtain. See Accomplish.


ACHIEVEMENT A*chievement, n. Etym: [Cf. F. ach?vement, E. Hatchment.] 1. The act of achieving or performing; an obtaining by exertion; successful performance; accomplishment; as, the achievement of his object. 2. A great or heroic deed; something accomplished by valor, boldness, or praiseworthy exertion; a feat. [The exploits] of the ancient saints . . . do far surpass the most famous achievements of pagan heroes. Barrow. The highest achievements of the human intellect. Macaulay. 3. (Her.) Defn: An escutcheon or ensign armorial; now generally applied to the funeral shield commonly called hatchment. Cussans.


ACHIEVER A*chiever, n. Defn: One who achieves; a winner.


ACHILLEAN Ach`il*lean, a. Defn: Resembling Achilles, the hero of the Iliad; invincible.


ACHILLES' TENDON A*chilles' tendon, n. Etym: [L. Achillis tendo.] (Anat.) Defn: The strong tendon formed of the united tendons of the large muscles in the calf of the leg, an inserted into the bone of the heel; -- so called from the mythological account of Achilles being held by the heel when dipped in the River Styx.


ACHILOUS A*chilous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Without a lip.


ACHING Aching, a. Defn: That aches; continuously painful. See Ache. -- Aching*ly, adv. The aching heart, the aching head. Longfellow.


ACHIOTE A`chi*ote, n. Etym: [Sp. achiote, fr. Indian achiotl.] Defn: Seeds of the annotto tree; also, the coloring matter, annotto.


ACHLAMYDATE A*chlamy*date, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Not possessing a mantle; -- said of certain gastropods.


ACHLAMYDEOUS Ach`la*myde*ous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Naked; having no floral envelope, neither calyx nor corolla.


ACHOLIA A*choli*a, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Med.) Defn: Deficiency or want of bile.


ACHOLOUS Acho*lous, a. (Med.) Defn: Lacking bile.


ACHROMATIC Ach`ro*matic, a. Etym: [Gr. achromatique.] 1. (Opt.) Defn: Free from color; transmitting light without decomposing it into its primary colors. 2. (Biol.) Defn: Uncolored; not absorbing color from a fluid; -- said of tissue. Achromatic lens (Opt.), a lens composed usually of two separate lenses, a convex and concave, of substances having different refractive and dispersive powers, as crown and flint glass, with the curvatures so adjusted that the chromatic aberration produced by the one is corrected by other, and light emerges from the compound lens undecomposed. -- Achromatic prism. See Prism. -- Achromatic telescope, or microscope, one in which the chromatic aberration is corrected, usually by means of a compound or achromatic object glass, and which gives images free from extraneous color.

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