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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

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AVUNCULAR

AVUNCULAR A*vuncu*lar, a. Etym: [L. avunculus uncle.] Defn: Of or pertaining to an uncle. In these rare instances, the law of pedigree, whether direct or avuncular, gives way. I. Taylor.

AWAIT

AWAIT A*wait, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Awaited; p. pr. & vb. n. Awaiting.] Etym: [OF. awaitier, agaitier; (L. ad) + waitier, gaitier to watch, F. guetter. See Wait.] 1. To watch for; to look out for. [Obs.] 2. To wait on, serve, or attend. [Obs.] 3. To wait for; to stay for; to expect. See Expect. Betwixt these rocky pillars Gabriel sat, Chief of the angelic guards, awaiting night. Milton. 4. To be in store for; to be ready or in waiting for; as, a glorious reward awaits the good. O Eve, some farther change awaits us night. Milton.

AWAIT

AWAIT A*wait, v. i. 1. To watch. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. To wait (on or upon). [Obs.] 3. To wait; to stay in waiting. Darwin.

AWAIT

AWAIT A*wait, n. Defn: A waiting for; ambush; watch; watching; heed. [Obs.] Chaucer.

AWAKE

AWAKE A*wake, v. t. [imp. Awoke, Awaked (; p. p. Awaked; (Obs.) Awaken, Awoken; p. pr. & vb. n. Awaking. The form Awoke is sometimes used as a p. p.] Etym: [AS. aw?cnan, v. i. (imp. aw), and awacian, v. i. (imp. awacode). See Awaken, Wake.] 1. To rouse from sleep.; to wake; to awaken. Where morning's earliest ray . . . awake her. Tennyson. And his disciples came to him, and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us; we perish. Matt. viii. 25. 2. To rouse from a state resembling sleep, as from death, stupidity., or inaction; to put into action; to give new life to; to stir up; as, to awake the dead; to awake the dormant faculties. I was soon awaked from this disagreeable reverie. Goldsmith. It way awake my bounty further. Shak. No sunny gleam awakes the trees. Keble.

AWAKE

AWAKE A*wake, v. i. Defn: To cease to sleep; to come out of a state of natural sleep; and, figuratively, out of a state resembling sleep, as inaction or death. The national spirit again awoke. Freeman. Awake to righteousness, and sin not. 1 Cor. xv. 34.

AWAKE

AWAKE A*wake, a. Etym: [From awaken, old p. p. of awake.] Defn: Not sleeping or lethargic; roused from sleep; in a state of vigilance or action. Before whom awake I stood. Milton. She still beheld, Now wide awake, the vision of her sleep. Keats. He was awake to the danger. Froude.

AWAKEN

AWAKEN A*waken, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Awakened (; p. pr. & vb. n. Awakening.] Etym: [OE. awakenen, awaknen, AS. aw?cnan, aw?cnian, v. i.; pref. on- + w?cnan to wake. Cf. Awake, v. t.] Defn: To rouse from sleep or torpor; to awake; to wake. [He] is dispatched Already to awaken whom thou nam'st. Cowper. Their consciences are thoroughly awakened. Tillotson. Syn. -- To arouse; excite; stir up; call forth.

AWAKENER

AWAKENER A*waken*er, n. Defn: One who, or that which, awakens.

AWAKENING

AWAKENING A*waken*ing, a. Defn: Rousing from sleep, in a natural or a figurative sense; rousing into activity; exciting; as, the awakening city; an awakening discourse; the awakening dawn. -- A*waken*ing*ly, adv.

AWAKENING

AWAKENING A*waken*ing, n. Defn: The act of awaking, or ceasing to sleep. Specifically: A revival of religion, or more general attention to religious matters than usual.

AWAKENMENT

AWAKENMENT A*waken*ment, n. Defn: An awakening. [R.]

AWANTING

AWANTING A*wanting, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + wanting.] Defn: Missing; wanting. [Prov. Scot. & Eng.] Sir W. Hamilton.

AWARD

AWARD A*ward, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Awarded; p. pr. & vb. n. Awarding.] Etym: [OF. eswarder to look at, consider, decide, judge; es (L. ex) + warder, garder, to observe, take heed, keep, fr. OHG. wart to watch, guard. See Ward.] Defn: To give by sentence or judicial determination; to assign or apportion, after careful regard to the nature of the case; to adjudge; as, the arbitrators awarded damages to the complainant. To review The wrongful sentence, and award a new. Dryden.

AWARD

AWARD A*ward, v. i. Defn: To determine; to make an .

AWARD

AWARD A*ward, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. award, awart, esgart. See Award, v. t.] 1. A judgment, sentence, or final decision. Specifically: The decision of arbitrators in a case submitted.Impatient for the award. Cowper. An award had been given against. Gilpin. 2. The paper containing the decision of arbitrators; that which is warded. Bouvier.

AWARDER

AWARDER A*warder, n. Defn: One who awards, or assigns by sentence or judicial determination; a judge.

AWARE

AWARE A*ware, a. Etym: [OE. iwar, AS. gew?r, fr. w?r wary. The pref. ge- orig. meant together, completely. Wary.] 1. Watchful; vigilant or on one's guard against danger or difficulty. 2. Apprised; informed; cognizant; conscious; as, he was aware of the enemy's designs. Aware of nothing arduous in a task They never undertook. Cowper.

AWARN

AWARN A*warn, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + warn, AS. gewarnian. See Warn, v. t.] Defn: To warn. [Obs.] Spenser.

AWASH

AWASH A*wash, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + wash.] Defn: Washed by the waves or tide; -- said of a rock or strip of shore, or (Naut.) of an anchor, etc., when flush with the surface of the water, so that the waves break over it.

AWAY

AWAY A*way, adv. Etym: [AS. aweg, anweg, onweg; on on + weg way.] 1. From a place; hence. The sound is going away. Shak. Have me away, for I am sore wounded. 2 Chron. xxxv. 23. 2. Absent; gone; at a distance; as, the master is away from home. 3. Aside; off; in another direction. The axis of rotation is inclined away from the sun. Lockyer. 4. From a state or condition of being; out of existence. Be near me when I fade away. Tennyson. 5. By ellipsis of the verb, equivalent to an imperative: Go or come ; begone; take . And the Lord said . . . Away, get thee down. Exod. xix. 24. 6. On; in continuance; without intermission or delay; as, sing away. [Colloq.] Note: It is much used in phrases signifying moving or going from; as, go away, run away, etc.; all signifying departure, or separation to a distance. Sometimes without the verb; as, whither away so fast Love hath wings, and will away. Waller. It serves to modify the sense of certain verbs by adding that of removal, loss, parting with, etc.; as, to throw away; to trifle away; to squander away, etc. Sometimes it has merely an intensive force; as, to blaze away. Away with, bear, abide. [Obs. or Archaic] The calling of assemblies, I can not away with. (Isa. i. 13 ), i. e., I can not bear or endure [it]. -- Away with one, signifies, take him away. Away with, crucify him. John xix. 15. -- To make away with. (a) To kill or destroy. (b) To carry off.

AWAY-GOING

AWAY-GOING A*way-going, a. (Law) Defn: Sown during the last years of a tenancy, but not ripe until after its expiration; -- said of crops. Wharton.

AWAYWARD

AWAYWARD A*wayward, adv. Defn: Turned away; away. [Obs.] Chaucer.

AWE

AWE Awe, n. Etym: [OE. a, aghe, fr. Icel. agi; akin to AS. ege, , Goth. agis, Dan. ave chastisement, fear, Gr. ail. Ugly.] 1. Dread; great fear mingled with respect. [Obs. or Obsolescent] His frown was full of terror, and his voice Shook the delinquent with such fits of awe. Cowper. 2. The emotion inspired by something dreadful and sublime; an undefined sense of the dreadful and the sublime; reverential fear, or solemn wonder; profound reverence. There is an awe in mortals' joy, A deep mysterious fear. Keble. To tame the pride of that power which held the Continent in awe. Macaulay. The solitude of the desert, or the loftiness of the mountain, may fill the mind with awe -- the sense of our own littleness in some greater presence or power. C. J. Smith. To stand in awe of, to fear greatly; to reverence profoundly. Syn. -- See Reverence.

AWE

AWE Awe, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Awed (p. pr. & vb. n. Awing.] Defn: To strike with fear and reverence; to inspire with awe; to control by inspiring dread. That same eye whose bend doth awe the world. Shak. His solemn and pathetic exhortation awed and melted the bystanders. Macaulay.

AWE-STRICKEN

AWE-STRICKEN Awe-strick`en, a. Defn: Awe-struck.

AWE-STRUCK

AWE-STRUCK Awe-struck`, a. Defn: Struck with awe. Milton.

AWEARIED

AWEARIED A*wearied, p. p. Defn: Wearied. [Poetic]

AWEARY

AWEARY A*weary, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + weary.] Defn: Weary. [Poetic] I begin to be aweary of thee. Shak.

AWEATHER

AWEATHER A*weather, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + weather.] (Naut.) Defn: On the weather side, or toward the wind; in the direction from which the wind blows; -- opposed to alee; as, helm aweather ! Totten.

AWEIGH

AWEIGH A*weigh, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + weigh.] (Naut.) Defn: Just drawn out of the ground, and hanging perpendicularly; atrip; -- said of the anchor. Totten.

AWELESS

AWELESS Aweless, a. Defn: See Awless.

AWESOME

AWESOME Awesome, a. 1. Causing awe; appalling; awful; as, an awesome sight. Wright. 2. Expressive of awe or terror. An awesome glance up at the auld castle. Sir W. Scott.

AWESOMENESS

AWESOMENESS Awesome*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being awesome.

AWFUL

AWFUL Awful, a. 1. Oppressing with fear or horror; appalling; terrible; as, an awful scene. The hour of Nature's awful throes. Hemans. 2. Inspiring awe; filling with profound reverence, or with fear and admiration; fitted to inspire reverential fear; profoundly impressive. Heaven's awful Monarch. Milton. 3. Struck or filled with awe; terror-stricken. [Obs.] A weak and awful reverence for antiquity. I. Watts. 4. Worshipful; reverential; law-abiding. [Obs.] Thrust from the company of awful men. Shak. 5. Frightful; exceedingly bad; great; -- applied intensively; as, an awful bonnet; an awful boaster. [Slang] Syn. -- See Frightful.

AWFULLY

AWFULLY Awful*ly, adv. 1. In an awful manner; in a manner to fill with terror or awe; fearfully; reverently. 2. Very; excessively. [Slang]

AWFULNESS

AWFULNESS Awful*ness, n. 1. The quality of striking with awe, or with reverence; dreadfulness; solemnity; as, the awfulness of this sacred place. The awfulness of grandeur. Johnson. 2. The state of being struck with awe; a spirit of solemnity; profound reverence. [Obs.] Producing in us reverence and awfulness. Jer. Taylor.

AWHAPE

AWHAPE A*whape, v. t. Etym: [Cf. whap blow.] Defn: To confound; to terrify; to amaze. [Obs.] Spenser.

AWHILE

AWHILE A*while, adv. Etym: [Adj. a + while time, interval.] Defn: For a while; for some time; for a short time.

AWING

AWING A*wing, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + wing.] Defn: On the wing; flying; fluttering. Wallace.

AWK

AWK Awk, a. Etym: [OE. auk, awk (properly) turned away; (hence) contrary, wrong, from Icel. ?figr, ?fugr, afigr, turning the wrong way, fr. af off, away; cf. OHG. abuh, Skr. apac turned away, fr. apa off, away + a root ak, ak, to bend, from which come also E. angle, anchor.] 1. Odd; out of order; perverse. [Obs.] 2. Wrong, or not commonly used; clumsy; sinister; as, the awk end of a rod (the but end). [Obs.] Golding. 3. Clumsy in performance or manners; unhandy; not dexterous; awkward. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]

AWK

AWK Awk, adv. Defn: Perversely; in the wrong way. L'Estrange.

AWKLY

AWKLY Awkly, adv. 1. In an unlucky (left-handed) or perverse manner. [Obs.] Holland. 2. Awkwardly. [Obs.] Fuller.

AWKWARD

AWKWARD Awkward, a. Etym: [Awk + -ward.] 1. Wanting dexterity in the use of the hands, or of instruments; not dexterous; without skill; clumsy; wanting ease, grace, or effectiveness in movement; ungraceful; as, he was awkward at a trick; an awkward boy. And dropped an awkward courtesy. Dryden. 2. Not easily managed or effected; embarrassing. A long and awkward process. Macaulay. An awkward affair is one that has gone wrong, and is difficult to adjust. C. J. Smith. 3. Perverse; adverse; untoward. [Obs.] Awkward casualties. Awkward wind. Shak. O blind guides, which being of an awkward religion, do strain out a gnat, and swallow up a cancel. Udall. Syn. -- Ungainly; unhandy; clownish; lubberly; gawky; maladroit; bungling; inelegant; ungraceful; unbecoming. -- Awkward, Clumsy, Uncouth. Awkward has a special reference to outward deportment. A man is clumsy in his whole person, he is awkward in his gait and the movement of his limbs. Clumsiness is seen at the first view. Awkwardness is discovered only when a person begins to move. Hence the expressions, a clumsy appearance, and an awkward manner. When we speak figuratively of an awkward excuse, we think of a want of ease and grace in making it; when we speak of a clumsy excuse, we think of the whole thing as coarse and stupid. We apply the term uncouth most frequently to that which results from the want of instruction or training; as, uncouth manners; uncouth language. -- Awkward*ly (, adv. -- Awkward*ness, n.

AWKWARD SQUAD

AWKWARD SQUAD Awkward squad. (Mil.) Defn: A squad of inapt recruits assembled for special drill.

AWL

AWL Awl, n. Etym: [OE. aul, awel, al, AS. , awel; akin to Icel. alr, OHG. ala, G. ahle, Lith. yla, Skr. ara.] Defn: A pointed instrument for piercing small holes, as in leather or wood; used by shoemakers, saddlers, cabinetmakers, etc. The blade is differently shaped and pointed for different uses, as in the brad awl, saddler's awl, shoemaker's awl, etc.

AWL-SHAPED

AWL-SHAPED Awl-shaped`, a. 1. Shaped like an awl. 2. (Nat. Hist.) Defn: Subulate. See Subulate. Gray.

AWLESS

AWLESS Awless, a. 1. Wanting reverence; void of respectful fear. Awless insolence. Dryden. 2. Inspiring no awe. [Obs.] The awless throne. Shak. [Written also aweless]

AWLESSNESS

AWLESSNESS Awless*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being awless.

AWLWORT

AWLWORT Awlwort`, n. Etym: [Awl + wort.] (Bot.) Defn: A plant (Subularia aquatica), with awl-shaped leaves.

AWM

AWM Awm (m), n. Defn: See Aam.

AWN

AWN Awn, n. Etym: [OE. awn, agune, from Icel. ?gn, pl. agnir; akin to Sw. agn, Dan. avne, Goth. ahana, OHG. agana, G. agen, ahne, chaff, Gr. egla; prob. from same root as E. acute. See 3d Ear. (Bot.) Defn: The bristle or beard of barley, oats, grasses, etc., or any similar bristlelike appendage; arista. Gray.

AWNED

AWNED Awned, a. (Bot.) Defn: Furnished with an awn, or long bristle-shaped tip; bearded. Gray.

AWNING

AWNING Awning, n. Etym: [Origin uncertain: cf. F. auvent awing, or Pers. awan, awang, anything suspended, or LG. havening a place sheltered from wind and weather, E. haven.] 1. A rooflike cover, usually of canvas, extended over or before any place as a shelter from the sun, rain, or wind. 2. (Naut.) That part of the poop deck which is continued forward beyond the bulkhead of the cabin.

AWNINGED

AWNINGED Awninged, a. Defn: Furnished with an awning.

AWNLESS

AWNLESS Awnless, a. Defn: Without awns or beard.

AWNY

AWNY Awny, a. Defn: Having awns; bearded.

AWORK

AWORK A*work, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + work.] Defn: At work; in action. Set awork. Shak.

AWORKING

AWORKING A*working, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + working.] Defn: At work; in action. [Archaic or Colloq.] Spenser.

AWREAK; AWREKE

AWREAK; AWREKE A*wreak, A*wreke,, v. t. & i. Defn: To avenge. [Obs.] See Wreak.

AWRONG

AWRONG A*wrong, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + wrong.] Defn: Wrongly. Ford.

AWRY

AWRY A*wry, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + wry.] 1. Turned or twisted toward one side; not in a straight or true direction, or position; out of the right course; distorted; obliquely; asquint; with oblique vision; as, to glance awry. Your crown's awry. Shak. Blows them transverse, ten thousand leagues awry. Into the devious air. Milton. 2. Aside from the line of truth, or right reason; unreasonable or unreasonably; perverse or perversely. Or by her charms Draws him awry, enslaved. Milton. Nothing more awry from the law of God and nature than that a woman should give laws to men. Milton.

AWSOME

AWSOME Awsome, a. Defn: Same as Awesome.

AX

AX Ax, v. t. & i. Etym: [OE. axien and asken. See Ask.] Defn: To ask; to inquire or inquire of. Note: This word is from Saxon, and is as old as the English language. Formerly it was in good use, but now is regarded as a vulgarism. It is still dialectic in England, and is sometimes heard among the uneducated in the United States. And Pilate axide him, Art thou king of Jewis Or if he axea fish. Wyclif. 'bdThe king axed after your Grace's welfare. Pegge.

AX; AXE

AX; AXE Ax, Axe,, n. Etym: [OE. ax, axe, AS. eax, ?x, acas; akin to D. akse,

AXAL

AXAL Axal, a. Defn: [See Axial.] [R.]

AXE; AXEMAN

AXE; AXEMAN Axe, Axeman, etc. Defn: See Ax, Axman.

AXIAL

AXIAL Axi*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to an axis; of the nature of, or resembling, an axis; around an axis. To take on an axial, and not an equatorial, direction. Nichol. 2. (Anat.) Defn: Belonging to the axis of the body; as, the axial skeleton; or to the axis of any appendage or organ; as, the axial bones. Axial line (Magnetism), the line taken by the magnetic force in passing from one pole of a horseshoe magnet to the other. Faraday.

AXIALLY

AXIALLY Axi*al*ly, adv. Defn: In relation to, or in a line with, an axis; in the axial (magnetic) line.

AXIL

AXIL Axil, n. Etym: [L. axilla. Cf. Axle.] (Bot.) Defn: The angle or point of divergence between the upper side of a branch, leaf, or petiole, and the stem or branch from which it springs. Gray.

AXILE

AXILE Axile, a. Defn: Situated in the axis of anything; as an embryo which lies in the axis of a seed. Gray.

AXILLA

AXILLA Ax*illa, n.; pl. Axillae. Etym: [L.] (Anat.) Defn: The armpit, or the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder. 2. (Bot.) Defn: An axil.

AXILLAR

AXILLAR Axil*lar, a. Defn: Axillary.

AXILLARIES; AXILLARS

AXILLARIES; AXILLARS Axil*la*ries, Axil*lars, n. pl. (Zo?l.) Defn: Feathers connecting the under surface of the wing and the body, and concealed by the closed wing.

AXILLARY

AXILLARY Axil*la*ry, a. Etym: [See Axil.] 1. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the axilla or armpit; as, axillary gland, artery, nerve. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Situated in, or rising from, an axil; of or pertaining to an axil. Axillary buds. Gray.

AXINITE

AXINITE Axi*nite, n. Etym: [Named in allusion to the form of the crystals, fr. Gr. (Min.) Defn: A borosilicate of alumina, iron, and lime, commonly found in glassy, brown crystals with acute edges.

AXINOMANCY

AXINOMANCY Ax*ino*man`cy, n. Etym: [L. axinomantia, Gr. -mancy.] Defn: A species of divination, by means of an ax or hatchet.

AXIOM

AXIOM Axi*om, n. Etym: [L. axioma, Gr. that which is thought worthy, that which is assumed, a basis of demonstration, a principle, fr. to think worthy, fr. worthy, weighing as much as; cf. to lead, drive, also to weigh so much: cf F. axiome. See Agent, a.] 1. (Logic & Math.) Defn: A self-evident and necessary truth, or a proposition whose truth is so evident as first sight that no reasoning or demonstration can make it plainer; a proposition which it is necessary to take for granted; as, The whole is greater than a part; A thing can not, at the same time, be and not be. 2. An established principle in some art or science, which, though not a necessary truth, is universally received; as, the axioms of political economy. Syn. -- Axiom, Maxim, Aphorism, Adage. An axiom is a self-evident truth which is taken for granted as the basis of reasoning. A maxim is a guiding principle sanctioned by experience, and relating especially to the practical concerns of life. An aphorism is a short sentence pithily expressing some valuable and general truth or sentiment. An adage is a saying of long-established authority and of universal application.

AXIOMATIC; AXIOMATICAL

AXIOMATIC; AXIOMATICAL Ax`i*o*matic, Ax`i*o*matic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to an axiom; having the nature of an axiom; self-evident; characterized by axioms. Axiomatical truth. Johnson. The stores of axiomatic wisdom. I. Taylor.

AXIOMATICALLY

AXIOMATICALLY Ax`i*o*matic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By the use of axioms; in the form of an axiom.

AXIS

AXIS Axis, n. Etym: [L.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The spotted deer (Cervus axis or Axis maculata) of India, where it is called hog deer and parrah (Moorish name).

AXIS

AXIS Axis, n.; pl. Axes. Etym: [L. axis axis, axle. See Axle.] Defn: A straight line, real or imaginary, passing through a body, on which it revolves, or may be supposed to revolve; a line passing through a body or system around which the parts are symmetrically arranged. 2. (Math.) Defn: A straight line with respect to which the different parts of a magnitude are symmetrically arranged; as, the axis of a cylinder, i. e., the axis of a cone, that is, the straight line joining the vertex and the center of the base; the axis of a circle, any straight line passing through the center. 3. (Bot.) Defn: The stem; the central part, or longitudinal support, on which organs or parts are arranged; the central line of any body. Gray. 4. (Anat.) (a) The second vertebra of the neck, or vertebra dentata. (b) Also used of the body only of the vertebra, which is prolonged anteriorly within the foramen of the first vertebra or atlas, so as to form the odontoid process or peg which serves as a pivot for the atlas and head to turn upon. 5. (Crystallog.) Defn: One of several imaginary lines, assumed in describing the position of the planes by which a crystal is bounded. 6. (Fine Arts) Defn: The primary of secondary central line of any design. Anticlinal axis (Geol.), a line or ridge from which the strata slope downward on the two opposite sides. -- Synclinal axis, a line from which the strata slope upward in opposite directions, so as to form a valley. -- Axis cylinder (Anat.), the neuraxis or essential, central substance of a nerve fiber; -- called also axis band, axial fiber, and cylinder axis. -- Axis in peritrochio, the wheel and axle, one of the mechanical powers. -- Axis of a curve (Geom.), a straight line which bisects a system of parallel chords of a curve; called a principal axis, when cutting them at right angles, in which case it divides the curve into two symmetrical portions, as in the parabola, which has one such axis, the ellipse, which has two, or the circle, which has an infinite number. The two axes of the ellipse are the major axis and the minor axis, and the two axes of the hyperbola are the transverse axis and the conjugate axis. -- Axis of a lens, the straight line passing through its center and perpendicular to its surfaces. -- Axis of a telescope or microscope, the straight line with which coincide the axes of the several lenses which compose it. -- Axes of co?rdinates in a plane, to straight lines intersecting each other, to which points are referred for the purpose of determining their relative position: they are either rectangular or oblique. -- Axes of co?rdinates in space, the three straight lines in which the co?rdinate planes intersect each other. -- Axis of a balance, that line about which it turns. -- Axis of oscillation, of a pendulum, a right line passing through the center about which it vibrates, and perpendicular to the plane of vibration. -- Axis of polarization, the central line around which the prismatic rings or curves are arranged. Brewster. -- Axis of revolution (Descriptive Geom.), a straight line about which some line or plane is revolved, so that the several points of the line or plane shall describe circles with their centers in the fixed line, and their planes perpendicular to it, the line describing a surface of revolution, and the plane a solid of revolution. -- Axis of symmetry (Geom.), any line in a plane figure which divides the figure into two such parts that one part, when folded over along the axis, shall coincide with the other part. -- Axis of the equator, ecliptic, horizon (or other circle considered with reference to the sphere on which it lies), the diameter of the sphere which is perpendicular to the plane of the circle. Hutton. -- Axis of the Ionic capital (Arch.), a line passing perpendicularly through the middle of the eye of the volute. -- Neutral axis (Mech.), the line of demarcation between the horizontal elastic forces of tension and compression, exerted by the fibers in any cross section of a girder. -- Optic axis of a crystal, the direction in which a ray of transmitted light suffers no double refraction. All crystals, not of the isometric system, are either uniaxial or biaxial. -- Optic axis, Visual axis (Opt.), the straight line passing through the center of the pupil, and perpendicular to the surface of the eye. -- Radical axis of two circles (Geom.), the straight line perpendicular to the line joining their centers and such that the tangents from any point of it to the two circles shall be equal to each other. -- Spiral axis (Arch.), the axis of a twisted column drawn spirally in order to trace the circumvolutions without. -- Axis of abscissas and Axis of ordinates. See Abscissa.

AXLE

AXLE Axle, n. Etym: [OE. axel, exel, shoulder, AS. ; akin to AS. eax axle, Sw. & Dan. axel shoulder, , G. achse axle, achsel shoulder, L. axis axle, Gr. aksha, L. axilla shoulder joint: cf. F. essieu, axle,

AXLE BOX

AXLE BOX Axle box`. 1. A bushing in the hub of a wheel, through which the axle passes. 2. The journal box of a rotating axle, especially a railway axle. Note: In railway construction, the axle guard, or pedestal, with the superincumbent weight, rests on the top of the box (usually with a spring intervening), and holds it in place by flanges. The box rests upon the journal bearing and key, which intervene between the inner top of the box and the axle.

AXLE GUARD

AXLE GUARD Axle guard`. Defn: The part of the framing of a railway car or truck, by which an axle box is held laterally, and in which it may move vertically; -- also called a jaw in the United States, and a housing in England.

AXLED

AXLED Axled, a. Defn: Having an axle; -- used in composition. Merlin's agate-axled car. T. Warton.

AXLETREE

AXLETREE Axle*tree`, n. Etym: [Cf. Icel. ?xultr.] 1. A bar or beam of wood or iron, connecting the opposite wheels of a carriage, on the ends of which the wheels revolve. 2. A spindle or axle of a wheel. [Obs.]

AXMAN

AXMAN Axman, n.; pl. Axmen (. Defn: One who wields an ax.

AXMINSTER

AXMINSTER Axmin`ster, n. Defn: An Axminster carpet, an imitation Turkey carpet, noted for its thick and soft pile; -- so called from Axminster, Eng.

AXMINSTER; AXMINSTER

AXMINSTER; AXMINSTER CARPET Axmin*ster, n., or Axminster carpet . (a) [More fully chenille Axminster.] A variety of Turkey carpet, woven by machine or, when more than 27 inches wide, on a hand loom, and consisting of strips of worsted chenille so colored as to produce a pattern on a stout jute backing. It has a fine soft pile. So called from Axminster, England, where it was formerly (1755 -- 1835) made. (b) A similar but cheaper machine-made carpet, resembling moquette in construction and appearance, but finer and of better material.

AXOLOTL

AXOLOTL Axo*lotl, n. Etym: [The native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: An amphibian of the salamander tribe found in the elevated lakes of Mexico; the siredon. Note: When it breeds in captivity the young develop into true salamanders of the genus Amblystoma. This also occurs naturally under favorable conditions, in its native localities; although it commonly lives and breeds in a larval state, with persistent external gills. See Siredon.

AXSTONE

AXSTONE Axstone`, n. (Min.) Defn: A variety of jade. It is used by some savages, particularly the natives of the South Sea Islands, for making axes or hatchets.

AXTREE

AXTREE Axtree, n. Defn: Axle or axletree. [Obs.] Drayton.

AXUNGE

AXUNGE Axunge, n. Etym: [F. axonge, L. axungia; axis wheel + ungere to grease.] Defn: Fat; grease; esp. the fat of pigs or geese; usually (Pharm.), lard prepared for medical use.

AY

AY Ay, interj. Defn: Ah! alas! Ay me! I fondly dream `Had ye been there.' Milton.

AY

AY Ay, adv. Defn: Same as Aye.

AYAH

AYAH Ayah, n. Etym: [Pg. aia, akin to Sp. aya a governess, ayo a tutor.] Defn: A native nurse for children; also, a lady's maid. [India]

AYE

AYE Aye, n. Defn: An affirmative vote; one who votes in the affirmative; as, To call for the ayes and noes; The ayes have it.

AYE-AYE

AYE-AYE Aye-aye`, n. Etym: [From the native name, prob. from its cry.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A singular nocturnal quadruped, allied to the lemurs, found in Madagascar (Cheiromys Madagascariensis), remarkable for its long fingers, sharp nails, and rodent-like incisor teeth.

AYE; AY

AYE; AY Aye, Ay, adv. Etym: [Perh. a modification of yea, or from the interjection of admiration or astonishment, OE. ei, ey, why, hey, ay, well, ah, ha. Cf. MHG. & G. ei, Dan. ej. Or perh. akin to aye ever.] Defn: Yes; yea; -- a word expressing assent, or an affirmative answer to a question. It is much used in viva voce voting in legislative bodies, etc. Note: This word is written I in the early editions of Shakespeare and other old writers.

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