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AVER Aver, n. Etym: [OF. aver domestic animal, whence LL. averia, pl. cattle. See Habit, and cf. Average.] Defn: A work horse, or working ox. [Obs. or Dial. Eng.]


AVER A*ver, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Averred (p. pr. & vb. n. Averring.] Etym: [F. av?rer, LL. adverare, averare; L. ad + versus true. See Verity.] 1. To assert, or prove, the truth of. [Obs.] 2. (Law) Defn: To avouch or verify; to offer to verify; to prove or justify. See Averment. 3. To affirm with confidence; to declare in a positive manner, as in confidence of asserting the truth. It is sufficient that the very fact hath its foundation in truth, as I do seriously aver is the case. Fielding. Then all averred I had killed the bird. Coleridge. Syn. -- To assert; affirm; asseverate. See Affirm.


AVERAGE Aver*age, n. Etym: [OF. average, LL. averagium, prob. fr. OF. aver, F. avoir, property, horses, cattle, etc.; prop. infin., to have, from L. habere to have. Cf. F. av?rage small cattle, and avarie (perh. of different origin) damage to ship or cargo, port dues. The first meaning was peAver, n., Avercorn, Averpenny.] 1. (OLd Eng. Law) Defn: That service which a tenant owed his lord, to be done by the work beasts of the tenant, as the carriage of wheat, turf, etc. 2. Etym: [Cf. F. avarie damage to ship or cargo.] (Com.) (a) A tariff or duty on goods, etc. [Obs.] (b) Any charge in addition to the regular charge for freight of goods shipped. (c) A contribution to a loss or charge which has been imposed upon one of several for the general benefit; damage done by sea perils. (d) The equitable and proportionate distribution of loss or expense among all interested. General average, a contribution made, by all parties concerned in a sea adventure, toward a loss occasioned by the voluntary sacrifice of the property of some of the parties in interest for the benefit of all. It is called general average, because it falls upon the gross amount of ship, cargo, and freight at risk and saved by the sacrifice. Kent. -- Particular average signifies the damage or partial loss happening to the ship, or cargo, or freight, in consequence of some fortuitous or unavoidable accident; and it is borne by the individual owners of the articles damaged, or by their insurers. -- Petty averages are sundry small charges, which occur regularly, and are necessarily defrayed by the master in the usual course of a voyage; such as port charges, common pilotage, and the like, which formerly were, and in some cases still are, borne partly by the ship and partly by the cargo. In the clause commonly found in bills of lading, primage and average accustomed, average means a kind of composition established by usage for such charges, which were formerly assessed by way of average. Arnould. Abbott. Phillips. 3. A mean proportion, medial sum or quantity, made out of unequal sums or quantities; an arithmetical mean. Thus, if A loses 5 dollars, B 9, and C 16, the sum is 30, and the average 10. 4. Any medial estimate or general statement derived from a comparison of diverse specific cases; a medium or usual size, quantity, quality, rate, etc. The average of sensations. Paley. 5. pl. Defn: In the English corn trade, the medial price of the several kinds of grain in the principal corn markets. On an average, taking the mean of unequal numbers or quantities.


AVERAGE Aver*age, a. 1. Pertaining to an average or mean; medial; containing a mean proportion; of a mean size, quality, ability, etc.; ordinary; usual; as, an average rate of profit; an average amount of rain; the average Englishman; beings of the average stamp. 2. According to the laws of averages; as, the loss must be made good by average contribution.


AVERAGE Aver*age, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Averaged (p. pr. & vb. n. Averaging.] 1. To find the mean of, when sums or quantities are unequal; to reduce to a mean. 2. To divide among a number, according to a given proportion; as, to average a loss. 3. To do, accomplish, get, etc., on an average.


AVERAGE Aver*age, v. i. Defn: To form, or exist in, a mean or medial sum or quantity; to amount to, or to be, on an ; as, the losses of the owners will average twenty five dollars each; these spars average ten feet in length.


AVERCORN Aver*corn`, n. Etym: [Aver,n.+ corn.] (Old Eng. Law) Defn: A reserved rent in corn, formerly paid to religious houses by their tenants or farmers. Kennet.


AVERMENT A*verment, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. averement, LL. averamentum. See Aver, v. t.] 1. The act of averring, or that which is averred; affirmation; positive assertion. Signally has this averment received illustration in the course of recent events. I. Taylor. 2. Verification; establishment by evidence. Bacon. 3. (Law) Defn: A positive statement of facts; an allegation; an offer to justify or prove what is alleged. Note: In any stage of pleadings, when either party advances new matter, he avers it to be true, by using this form of words: and this he is ready to verify. This was formerly called an averment. It modern pleading, it is termed a verification. Blackstone.


AVERNAL; AVERNIAN A*vernal, A*verni*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Avernus, a lake of Campania, in Italy, famous for its poisonous vapors, which ancient writers fancied were so malignant as to kill birds flying over it. It was represented by the poets to be connected with the infernal regions.


AVERPENNY Aver*pen`ny, n. Etym: [Aver,n.+ penny.] (Old Eng. Law) Defn: Money paid by a tenant in lieu of the service of average.


AVERROISM A*verro*ism, n. Defn: The tenets of the Averroists.


AVERROIST A*verro*ist, n. Defn: One of a sect of peripatetic philosophers, who appeared in Italy before the restoration of learning; so denominated from Averroes, or Averrhoes, a celebrated Arabian philosopher. He held the doctrine of monopsychism.


AVERRUNCATE Av`er*runcate, v. t. Etym: [L. averruncare to avert; a, ab, off + verruncare to turn; formerly derived from ab and eruncare to root out. Cf. Aberuncate.] 1. To avert; to ward off. [Obs.] Hudibras. 2. To root up. [Obs.] Johnson.


AVERRUNCATION Av`er*run*cation, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. averroncation.] 1. The act of averting. [Obs.] 2. Eradication. [R.] De Quincey.


AVERRUNCATOR Av`er*run*cator, n. Etym: [Cf. Aberuncator.] Defn: An instrument for pruning trees, consisting of two blades, or a blade and a hook, fixed on the end of a long rod.


AVERSATION Av`er*sation, n. Etym: [L. aversatio, fr. aversari to turn away, v. intens. of avertere. See Avert.] Defn: A turning from with dislike; aversion. [Obs.or Archaic] Some men have a natural aversation to some vices or virtues, and a natural affection to others. Jer. Taylor.


AVERSE A*verse, a. Etym: [L. aversus, p. p. of avertere. See Avert.] 1. Turned away or backward. [Obs.] The tracks averse a lying notice gave, And led the searcher backward from the cave. Dryden. 2. Having a repugnance or opposition of mind; disliking; disinclined; unwilling; reluctant. Averse alike to flatter, or offend. Pope. Men who were averse to the life of camps. Macaulay. Pass by securely as men averse from war. Micah ii. 8. Note: The prevailing usage now is to employ to after averse and its derivatives rather than from, as was formerly the usage. In this the word is in agreement with its kindred terms, hatred, dislike, dissimilar, contrary, repugnant, etc., expressing a relation or an affection of the mind to an object. Syn. -- Averse, Reluctant, Adverse. Averse expresses an habitual, though not of necessity a very strong, dislike; as, averse to active pursuits; averse to study. Reluctant, a term of the of the will, implies an internal struggle as to making some sacrifice of interest or feeling; as, reluctant to yield; reluctant to make the necessary arrangements; a reluctant will or consent. Adverse denotes active opposition or hostility; as, adverse interests; adverse feelings, plans, or movements; the adverse party.


AVERSE A*verse, v. t. & i. Defn: To turn away. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


AVERSELY A*versely, adv. 1. Backward; in a backward direction; as, emitted aversely. 2. With repugnance or aversion; unwillingly.


AVERSENESS A*verseness, n. Defn: The quality of being averse; opposition of mind; unwillingness.


AVERSION A*version, n. Etym: [L. aversio: cf. F. aversion. See Avert.] 1. A turning away. [Obs.] Adhesion to vice and aversion from goodness. Bp. Atterbury. 2. Opposition or repugnance of mind; fixed dislike; antipathy; disinclination; reluctance. Mutual aversion of races. Prescott. His rapacity had made him an object of general aversion. Macaulay. Note: It is now generally followed by to before the object. [See Averse.] Sometimes towards and for are found; from is obsolete. A freeholder is bred with an aversion to subjection. Addison. His aversion towards the house of York. Bacon. It is not difficult for a man to see that a person has conceived an aversion for him. Spectator. The Khasias . . . have an aversion to milk. J. D. Hooker. 3. The object of dislike or repugnance. Pain their aversion, pleasure their desire. Pope. Syn. -- Antipathy; dislike; repugnance; disgust. See Dislike.


AVERT A*vert, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Averted; p. pr. & vb. n. Averting.] Etym: [L. avertere; a, ab + vertere to turn: cf. OF. avertir. See Verse, n.] Defn: To turn aside, or away; as, to avert the eyes from an object; to ward off, or prevent, the occurrence or effects of; as, how can the danger be averted To avert his ire. Milton. When atheists and profane persons do hear of so many discordant and contrary opinions in religion, it doth avert them from the church. Bacon. Till ardent prayer averts the public woe. Prior.


AVERT A*vert, v. i. Defn: To turn away. [Archaic] Cold and averting from our neighbor's good. Thomson.


AVERTED A*verted, a. Defn: Turned away, esp. as an expression of feeling; also, offended; unpropitious. Who scornful pass it with averted eye. Keble.


AVERTER A*verter, n. Defn: One who, or that which, averts.


AVERTIBLE A*verti*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being averted; preventable.


AVERTIMENT A*verti*ment, n. Defn: Advertisement. [Obs.]


AVES Aves, n. pl. Etym: [L., pl. of avis bird.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The class of Vertebrata that includes the birds. Note: Aves, or birds, have a complete double circulation, oviparous, reproduction, front limbs peculiarly modified as wings; and they bear feathers. All existing birds have a horny beak, without teeth; but some Mesozoic fossil birds (Odontornithes) had conical teeth inserted in both jaws. The principal groups are: Carinat?, including all existing flying birds; Ratit?, including the ostrich and allies, the apteryx, and the extinct moas; Odontornithes, or fossil birds with teeth. Note: The ordinary birds are classified largely by the structure of the beak and feet, which are in direct relating to their habits. See Beak, Bird, Odontonithes.


AVESTA A*vesta, n. Defn: The Zoroastrian scriptures. See Zend-Avesta.


AVESTAN A*vestan, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Avesta or the language of the Avesta. - -n. Defn: The language of the Avesta; -- less properly called Zend.


AVIADO A`vi*ado, n. [Sp.] Defn: One who works a mine with means provided by another. [Sp. Amer. & Southwestern U. S.]


AVIAN Avi*an, a. Defn: Of or instrument to birds.


AVIARY Avi*a*ry, n.; pl. Aviaries. Etym: [L. aviarium, fr. aviarius pertaining to birds, fr. avis bird, akin to Gr, vi.] Defn: A house, inclosure, large cage, or other place, for keeping birds confined; a bird house. Lincolnshire may be termed the aviary of England. Fuller.


AVIATE Avi*ate, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aviated; p. pr. & vb. n. Aviating.] Defn: To fly, or navigate the air, in an a?roplane or heavier-than- air flying machine. [Colloq.]


AVIATION A`vi*ation, n. Defn: The art or science of flying.


AVIATOR Avi*a`tor, n. (a) An experimenter in aviation. (b) A flying machine.


AVIATRESS; AVIATRIX Avi*a`tress, A`vi*atrix, n. Defn: A woman aviator.


AVICULA A*vicu*la, n. Etym: [L., small bird.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of marine bivalves, having a pearly interior, allied to the pearl oyster; -- so called from a supposed resemblance of the typical species to a bird.


AVICULAR A*vicu*lar, a. Etym: [L. avicula a small bird, dim. of avis bird.] Defn: Of or pertaining to a bird or to birds.


AVICULARIA A*vic`u*lari*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Avicular.] (Zo?l.) Defn: See prehensile processes on the cells of some Bryozoa, often having the shape of a bird's bill.


AVICULTURE Avi*cul`ture, n. Etym: [L. avis bird + cultura culture.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Rearing and care of birds.


AVID Avid, a. Etym: [L. avidus, fr. av to long: cf. F. avide. See Avarice.] Defn: Longing eagerly for; eager; greedy. Avid of gold, yet greedier of renown. Southey.


AVIDIOUS A*vidi*ous, a. Defn: Avid.


AVIDIOUSLY A*vidi*ous*ly, adv. Defn: Eagerly; greedily.


AVIDITY A*vidi*ty, n. Etym: [L. aviditas, fr. avidus: cf. F. avidit?. See Avid.] Defn: Greediness; strong appetite; eagerness; intenseness of desire; as, to eat with avidity. His books were received and read with avidity. Milward.


AVIE A*vie, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + vie.] Defn: Emulously. [Obs.]


AVIETTE A`vi*ette, n. Defn: A heavier-than-air flying machine in which the motive power is furnished solely by the aviator.


AVIFAUNA A`vi*fauna, n. Etym: [NL., fr. L. avis bird + E. fauna.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The birds, or all the kinds of birds, inhabiting a region.


AVIGATO Av`i*gato, n. Defn: See Avocado.


AVIGNON BERRY A`vignon berry. (Bot.) Defn: The fruit of the Rhamnus infectorius, eand of other species of the same genus; -- so called from the city of Avignon, in France. It is used by dyers and painters for coloring yellow. Called also French berry.


AVILE A*vile, v. t. Etym: [OF. aviler, F. avilir; a (L. ad) + vil vile. See Vile.] Defn: To abase or debase; to vilify; to depreciate. [Obs.] Want makes us know the price of what we avile. B. Jonson.


AVIS A*vis, n. Etym: [F. avis. See Advice.] Defn: Advice; opinion; deliberation. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AVISE A*vise, v. t. Etym: [F. aviser. See Advise, v. t.] 1. To look at; to view; to think of. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. To advise; to counsel. [Obs.] Shak. To avise one's self, to consider with one's self, to reflect, to deliberate. [Obs.] Chaucer. Now therefore, if thou wilt enriched be, Avise thee well, and change thy willful mood. Spenser.


AVISE A*vise, v. i. Defn: To consider; to reflect. [Obs.]


AVISEFUL A*viseful, a. Defn: Watchful; circumspect. [Obs.] With sharp, aviseful eye. Spenser.


AVISELY A*visely, adv. Defn: Advisedly. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AVISEMENT A*visement, n. Defn: Advisement; observation; deliberation. [Obs.]


AVISION A*vision, n. Defn: Vision. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AVISO A*viso, n. Etym: [Sp.] 1. Information; advice. 2. An advice boat, or dispatch boat.


AVOCADO Av`o*cado, n. Etym: [Corrupted from the Mexican ahuacatl: cf. Sp. aguacate, F. aguacat?, avocat, G. avogadobaum.] Defn: The pulpy fruit of Persea gratissima, a tree of tropical America. It is about the size and shape of a large pear; -- called also avocado pear, alligator pear, midshipman's butter.


AVOCAT Av`o*cat, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: An advocate.


AVOCATE Avo*cate, v. t. Etym: [L. avocatus, p. p. of avocare; a, ab + vocare to call. Cf. Avoke, and see Vocal, a.] Defn: To call off or away; to withdraw; to transfer to another tribunal. [Obs. or Archaic] One who avocateth his mind from other occupations. Barrow. He, at last, . . . avocated the cause to Rome. Robertson.


AVOCATION Av`o*cation, n. Etym: [L. avocatio.] 1. A calling away; a diversion. [Obs. or Archaic] Impulses to duty, and powerful avocations from sin. South. 2. That which calls one away from one's regular employment or vocation. Heaven is his vocation, and therefore he counts earthly employments avocations. Fuller. By the secular cares and avocations which accompany marriage the clergy have been furnished with skill in common life. Atterbury. Note: In this sense the word is applied to the smaller affairs of life, or occasional calls which summon a person to leave his ordinary or principal business. Avocation (in the singular) for vocation is usually avoided by good writers. 3. pl. Defn: Pursuits; duties; affairs which occupy one's time; usual employment; vocation. There are professions, among the men, no more favorable to these studies than the common avocations of women. Richardson. In a few hours, above thirty thousand men left his standard, and returned to their ordinary avocations. Macaulay. An irregularity and instability of purpose, which makes them choose the wandering avocations of a shepherd, rather than the more fixed pursuits of agriculture. Buckle.


AVOCATIVE A*voca*tive, a. Defn: Calling off. [Obs.]


AVOCATIVE A*voca*tive, n. Defn: That which calls aside; a dissuasive.


AVOCET; AVOSET Avo*cet, Avo*set, n. Etym: [F. avocette: cf. It. avosetta, Sp. avoceta.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A grallatorial bird, of the genus Recurvirostra; the scooper. The bill is long and bend upward toward the tip. The American species is R. Americana. [Written also avocette.]


AVOID A*void (, v. t. [p. & p. p. Avoided; p. pr. & vb. n. Avoiding.] Etym: [OF. esvuidier, es (L. ex) + vuidier, voidier, to empty. See Void, a.] 1. To empty. [Obs.] Wyclif. 2. To emit or throw out; to void; as, to avoid excretions. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne. 3. To quit or evacuate; to withdraw from. [Obs.] Six of us only stayed, and the rest avoided the room. Bacon. 4. To make void; to annul or vacate; to refute. How can these grants of the king's be avoided Spenser. 5. To keep away from; to keep clear of; to endeavor no to meet; to shun; to abstain from; as, to avoid the company of gamesters. What need a man forestall his date of grief. And run to meet what he would most avoid Milton. He carefully avoided every act which could goad them into open hostility. Macaulay. 6. To get rid of. [Obs.] Shak. 7. (Pleading) Defn: To defeat or evade; to invalidate. Thus, in a replication, the plaintiff may deny the defendant's plea, or confess it, and avoid it by stating new matter. Blackstone. Syn. -- To escape; elude; evade; eschew. -- To Avoid, Shun. Avoid in its commonest sense means, to keep clear of, an extension of the meaning, to withdraw one's self from. It denotes care taken not to come near or in contact; as, to avoid certain persons or places. Shun is a stronger term, implying more prominently the idea of intention. The words may, however, in many cases be interchanged. No man can pray from his heart to be kept from temptation, if the take no care of himself to avoid it. Mason. So Chanticleer, who never saw a fox, Yet shunned him as a sailor shuns the rocks. Dryden.


AVOID A*void, v. i. 1. To retire; to withdraw. [Obs.] David avoided out of his presence. 1 Sam. xviii. 11. 2. (Law) Defn: To become void or vacant. [Obs.] Ayliffe.


AVOIDABLE A*voida*ble, a. 1. Capable of being vacated; liable to be annulled or made invalid; voidable. The charters were not avoidable for the king's nonage. Hale. 2. Capable of being avoided, shunned, or escaped.


AVOIDANCE A*voidance, n. 1. The act of annulling; annulment. 2. The act of becoming vacant, or the state of being vacant; -- specifically used for the state of a benefice becoming void by the death, deprivation, or resignation of the incumbent. Wolsey, . . . on every avoidance of St. Peter's chair, was sitting down therein, when suddenly some one or other clapped in before him. Fuller. 3. A dismissing or a quitting; removal; withdrawal. 4. The act of avoiding or shunning; keeping clear of. The avoidance of pain. Beattie. 5. The courts by which anything is carried off. Avoidances and drainings of water. Bacon.


AVOIDER A*voider, n. 1. The person who carries anything away, or the vessel in which things are carried away. Johnson. 2. One who avoids, shuns, or escapes.


AVOIDLESS A*voidless, a. Defn: Unavoidable; inevitable.


AVOIRDUPOIS Av`oir*du*pois, n. & a. Etym: [OE. aver de peis, goods of weight, where peis is fr. OF. peis weight, F. poids, L. pensum. See Aver, n., and Poise, n.] 1. Goods sold by weight. [Obs.] 2. Avoirdupois weight. 3. Weight; heaviness; as, a woman of much avoirdupois. [Colloq.] Avoirdupois weight, a system of weights by which coarser commodities are weighed, such as hay, grain, butter, sugar, tea. Note: The standard Avoirdupois pound of the United States is equivalent to the weight of 27.7015 cubic inches of distilled water at 62? Fahrenheit, the barometer being at 30 inches, and the water weighed in the air with brass weights. In this system of weights 16 drams make 1 ounce, 16 ounces 1 pound, 25 pounds 1 quarter, 4 quarters 1 hundred weight, and 20 hundred weight 1 ton. The above pound contains 7,000 grains, or 453.54 grams, so that 1 pound avoirdupois is equivalent to 1 31-144 pounds troy. (See Troy weight.) Formerly, a hundred weight was reckoned at 112 pounds, the ton being 2,240 pounds (sometimes called a long ton).


AVOKE A*voke, v. t. Etym: [Cf. Avocate.] Defn: To call from or back again. [Obs.] Bp. Burnet.


AVOLATE Avo*late, v. i. Etym: [L. avolare; a (ab) + volare to fly.] Defn: To fly away; to escape; to exhale. [Obs.]


AVOLATION Av`o*lation, n. Etym: [LL. avolatio.] Defn: The act of flying; flight; evaporation. [Obs.]


AVOSET Avo*set, n. Defn: Same as Avocet.


AVOUCH A*vouch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Avouched (p. pr. & vb. n. Avouching.] Etym: [OF. avochier, LL. advocare to recognize the existence of a thing, to advocate, fr. L. advocare to call to; ad + vocare to call. Cf. Avow to declare, Advocate, and see Vouch, v. t.] 1. To appeal to; to cite or claim as authority. [Obs.] They avouch many successions of authorities. Coke. 2. To maintain a just or true; to vouch for. We might be disposed to question its authencity, it if were not avouched by the full evidence. Milman. 3. To declare or assert positively and as matter of fact; to affirm openly. If this which he avouches does appear. Shak. Such antiquities could have been avouched for the Irish. Spenser. 4. To acknowledge deliberately; to admit; to confess; to sanction. Thou hast avouched the Lord this day to be thy God. Deut. xxvi. 17.


AVOUCH A*vouch, n. Defn: Evidence; declaration. [Obs.] The sensible and true avouch Of mine own eyes. Shak.


AVOUCHABLE A*voucha*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being avouched.


AVOUCHER A*voucher, n. Defn: One who avouches.


AVOUCHMENT A*vouchment, n. Defn: The act of avouching; positive declaration. [Obs.] Milton.


AVOUTRER A*voutrer, n. Defn: See Advoutrer. [Obs.]


AVOUTRIE A*voutrie, n. Etym: [OF.] Defn: Adultery. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AVOW A*vow, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Avowed (p. pr. & vb. n. Avowing.] Etym: [F. avouver, fr. L. advocare to call to (whence the meanings, to call upon as superior; recognize as lord, own, confess); ad + vocare to call. See Advocate, Avouch.] 1. To declare openly, as something believed to be right; to own or acknowledge frankly; as, a man avows his principles or his crimes. Which I to be the of Israel's God Avow, and challenge Dagon to the test. Milton. 2. (Law) Defn: To acknowledge and justify, as an act done. See Avowry. Blackstone. Syn. -- To acknowledge; own; confess. See Confess.


AVOW A*vow, n, Etym: [Cf. F. aveu.] Defn: Avowal. [Obs.] Dryden.


AVOW A*vow, v. t. & i. Etym: [OF. avouer, fr. LL. votare to vow, fr. L. votun. See Vote, n.] Defn: To bind, or to devote, by a vow. [Obs.] Wyclif.


AVOW A*vow, n. Defn: A vow or determination. [Archaic]


AVOWABLE A*vowa*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being avowed, or openly acknowledged, with confidence. Donne.


AVOWAL A*vowal, n. Defn: An open declaration; frank acknowledgment; as, an avowal of such principles. Hume.


AVOWANCE A*vowance, n. 1. Act of avowing; avowal. 2. Upholding; defense; vindication. [Obs.] Can my avowance of king-murdering be collected from anything here written by me Fuller.


AVOWANT A*vowant, n. (Law) Defn: The defendant in replevin, who avows the distress of the goods, and justifies the taking. Cowell.


AVOWED A*vowed, a. Defn: Openly acknowledged or declared; admitted. -- A*vowed*ly (, adv.


AVOWEE A*vow`ee, n. Etym: [F. avou?. Cf. Advowee, Advocate, n.] Defn: The person who has a right to present to a benefice; the patron; an advowee. See Advowson.


AVOWER A*vower, n. Defn: One who avows or asserts.


AVOWRY A*vowry, n. Etym: [OE. avouerie protection, authority, OF. avouerie. See Avow to declare.] 1. An advocate; a patron; a patron saint. [Obs.] Let God alone be our avowry. Latimer. 2. The act of the distrainer of goods, who, in an action of replevin, avows and justifies the taking in his own right. Blackstone. Note: When an action of replevin is brought, the distrainer either makes avowry, that is, avours taking the distress in his own right, or the right of his wife, and states the reason if it, as for arrears of rent, damage done, or the like; or makes cognizance, that is, acknowledges the taking, but justifies in an another's right, as his bailiff or servant.


AVOWTRY A*vowtry, v. t. Defn: Adultery. See Advoutry.


AVOYER A*voyer, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: A chief magistrate of a free imperial city or canton of Switzerland. [Obs.]


AVULSE A*vulse, v. t. Etym: [L. avulsus, p. p. of avellere to tear off; a (ab) + vellere to pluck.] Defn: To pluck or pull off. Shenstone.


AVULSION A*vulsion, n. Etym: [L. avulsio.] 1. A tearing asunder; a forcible separation. The avulsion of two polished superficies. Locke. 2. A fragment torn off. J. Barlow. 3. (Law) Defn: The sudden removal of lands or soil from the estate of one man to that of another by an inundation or a current, or by a sudden change in the course of a river by which a part of the estate of one man is cut off and joined to the estate of another. The property in the part thus separated, or cut off, continues in the original owner. Wharton. Burrill.

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