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AUTONOMIC Au`to*nomic, a. Defn: Having the power of self-government; autonomous. Hickok.


AUTONOMIST Autono*mist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. automiste. See Autonomy.] Defn: One who advocates autonomy.


AUTONOMOUS Au*tono*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. Independent in government; having the right or power of self- government. 2. (Biol.) Defn: Having independent existence or laws.


AUTONOMY Au*tono*my, n. Etym: [Gr. autonomie. See Autonomous.] 1. The power or right of self-government; self-government, or political independence, of a city or a state. 2. (Metaph.) Defn: The sovereignty of reason in the sphere of morals; or man's power, as possessed of reason, to give law to himself. In this, according to Kant, consist the true nature and only possible proof of liberty. Fleming.


AUTOPATHIC Au`to*pathic, a. [See Auto-, and Pathic, a.] (Med.) Defn: Dependent upon, or due or relating to, the structure and characteristics of the diseased organism; endopathic; as, an autopathic disease; an autopathic theory of diseases.


AUTOPHAGI Au*topha*gi, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Birds which are able to run about and obtain their own food as soon as hatched.


AUTOPHAGY Au*topha*gy, n. [Gr. self + to eat.] (Med.) Defn: The feeding of the body upon itself, as in fasting; nutrition by consumption of one's own tissues.


AUTOPHOBY Au*topho*by, n. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. Defn: Fear of one's self; fear of being egotistical. [R.] Hare.


AUTOPHONY Au*topho*ny, n. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: An auscultatory process, which consists in noting the tone of the observer's own voice, while he speaks, holding his head close to the patient's chest. Dunglison.


AUTOPLASTIC Au`to*plastic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to autoplasty.


AUTOPLASTY Auto*plas`ty, n. Etym: [Auto- + -plasty.] (Surg.) Defn: The process of artificially repairing lesions by taking a piece of healthy tissue, as from a neighboring part, to supply the deficiency caused by disease or wounds.


AUTOPNEUMATIC Au`to*pneu*matic, a. [Auto-+ pneumatic.] Defn: Acting or moving automatically by means of compressed air.


AUTOPSIC; AUTOPSICAL Au*topsic, Au*topsic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to autopsy; autoptical. [Obs.]


AUTOPSORIN Au*topso*rin, n. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: That which is given under the doctrine of administering a patient's own virus.


AUTOPSY Autop*sy, n. Etym: [Gr. autopsie. See Optic, a.] 1. Personal observation or examination; seeing with one's own eyes; ocular view. By autopsy and experiment. Cudworth. 2. (Med.) Defn: Dissection of a dead body, for the purpose of ascertaining the cause, seat, or nature of a disease; a post-mortem examination.


AUTOPTIC; AUTOPTICAL Au*toptic, Au*toptic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. autoptique.] Defn: Seen with one's own eyes; belonging to, or connected with, personal observation; as, autoptic testimony or experience.


AUTOPTICALLY Au*toptic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By means of ocular view, or one's own observation. Sir T. Browne.


AUTOSCHEDIASTIC; AUTOSCHEDIASTICAL Au`to*sche`di*astic, Au`to*sche`di*astic*al, a. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. Schediasm.] Defn: Extemporary; offhand. [R.] Dean Martin.


AUTOSTABILITY Au`to*sta*bili*ty, n. [Auto-+ stability.] (Mechanics) Defn: Automatic stability; also, inherent stability. An a?roplane is inherently stable if it keeps in steady poise by virtue of its shape and proportions alone; it is automatically stable if it keeps in steady poise by means of self-operative mechanism.


AUTOSTYLIC Au`to*stylic, a. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. (Anat.) Defn: Having the mandibular arch articulated directly to the cranium, as in the skulls of the Amphibia.


AUTOSUGGESTION Au`to*sug*gestion, n. [Auto-+ suggestion.] (Med.) Defn: Self-suggestion as distinguished from suggestion coming from another, esp. in hypnotism. Autosuggestion is characteristic of certain mental conditions in which expectant belief tends to produce disturbance of function of one or more organs.


AUTOTHEISM Auto*the`ism, n. Etym: [Auto- + theism.] 1. The doctrine of God's self-existence. [R.] 2. Deification of one's self; self-worship. [R.]


AUTOTHEIST Auto*the`ist, n. Defn: One given to self-worship. [R.]


AUTOTOXAEMIA; AUTOTOXEMIA Au`to*tox*?mi*a, Au`to*tox*emi*a, n. [NL. See Auto-, and Tox?mia.] (Physiol.) Defn: Self-intoxication. See Auto-intoxication.


AUTOTOXIC Au`to*toxic, a. [Auto- + toxic.] (Med.) Defn: Pertaining to, or causing, autotox?mia.


AUTOTOXICATION Au`to*tox`i*cation, n. [Auto-+ toxication.] (Physiol.) Defn: Same as Auto-intoxication.


AUTOTRANSFORMER Au`to*trans*former, n. [Auto-+ transformer.] (Elec.) Defn: A transformer in which part of the primary winding is used as a secondary winding, or vice versa; -- called also a compensator or balancing coil.


AUTOTROPHIC Au`to*trophic, a. [Auto- + trophic.] (Plant Physiol.) Defn: Capable of self-nourishment; -- said of all plants in which photosynthetic activity takes place, as opposed to parasitism or saprophytism.


AUTOTROPISM Au*totro*pism, n. [Auto- + Gr. to turn.] (Plant Physiol.) Defn: The tendency of plant organs to grow in a straight line when uninfluenced by external stimuli.


AUTOTYPE Auto*type, n. Etym: [Auto- + -type: cf. F. autotype.] 1. A facsimile. 2. A photographic picture produced in sensitized pigmented gelatin by exposure to light under a negative; and subsequent washing out of the soluble parts; a kind of picture in ink from a gelatin plate.


AUTOTYPOGRAPHY Au`to*ty*pogra*phy, n. Etym: [Auto- + typography.] Defn: A process resembling nature printing, by which drawings executed on gelatin are impressed into a soft metal plate, from which the printing is done as from copperplate.


AUTOTYPY Au*toty*py, n. Defn: The art or process of making autotypes.


AUTUMN Autumn, n. Etym: [L. auctumnus, autumnus, perh. fr. a root av to satisfy one's self: cf. F. automne. See Avarice.] 1. The third season of the year, or the season between summer and winter, often called the fall. Astronomically, it begins in the northern temperate zone at the autumnal equinox, about September 23, and ends at the winter solstice, about December 23; but in popular language, autumn, in America, comprises September, October, and November. Note: In England, according to Johnson, autumn popularly comprises August, September, and October. In the southern hemisphere, the autumn corresponds to our spring. 2. The harvest or fruits of autumn. Milton. 3. The time of maturity or decline; latter portion; third stage. Dr. Preston was now entering into the autumn of the duke's favor. Fuller. Life's autumn past, I stand on winter's verge. Wordsworth.


AUTUMNAL Au*tumnal, a. Etym: [L. auctumnalis, autumnalis: cf. F. automnal.] 1. Of, belonging to, or peculiar to, autumn; as, an autumnal tint; produced or gathered in autumn; as, autumnal fruits; flowering in autumn; as, an autumnal plant. Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the brooks In Vallombrosa. Milton. 2. Past the middle of life; in the third stage. An autumnal matron. Hawthorne. Autumnal equinox, the time when the sun crosses the equator, as it proceeds southward, or when it passes the point. -- = point, the point of the equator intersected by the ecliptic, as the sun proceeds southward; the first point of Libra. -- = signs, the signs Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius, through which the sun passes between the equinox and winter solstice.


AUTUNITE Autun*ite, n. [From Autun, France, its locality.] (Min.) Defn: A lemon-yellow phosphate of uranium and calcium occurring in tabular crystals with basal cleavage, and in micalike scales. H., 2- 2.5. Sp. gr., 3.05-3.19.


AUXANOMETER Aux`a*nome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter.] Defn: An instrument to measure the growth of plants. Goodale.


AUXESIS Aux*esis, n. Etym: [NL., Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure by which a grave and magnificent word is put for the proper word; amplification; hyperbole.


AUXETIC Aux*etic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to, or containing, auxesis; amplifying.


AUXETOPHONE Aux*eto*phone, n. [Gr. that may be increased + sound, voice.] Defn: A pneumatic reproducer for a phonograph, controlled by the recording stylus on the principle of the relay. It produces much clearer and louder tones than does the ordinary vibrating disk reproducer.


AUXILIAR Aux*iliar, a. Etym: [L. auxiliaris: cf. F. auxiliaire. See Auxiliary.] Defn: Auxiliary. [Archaic] The auxiliar troops and Trojan hosts appear. Pope.


AUXILIAR Aux*iliar, n. Defn: An auxiliary. [Archaic] Milton.


AUXILIARLY Aux*iliar*ly, adv. Defn: By way of help. Harris.


AUXILIARY Aux*ilia*ry, a. Etym: [L. auxiliarius, fr. auxilium help, aid, fr. augere to increase.] Defn: Conferring aid or help; helping; aiding; assisting; subsidiary; as auxiliary troops. Auxiliary scales (Mus.), the scales of relative or attendant keys. See under Attendant, a. -- Auxiliary verbs (Gram.). See Auxiliary, n., 3.


AUXILIARY Aux*ilia*ry, n.; pl. Auxiliaries (. 1. A helper; an assistant; a confederate in some action or enterprise. 2. (Mil.) pl. Defn: Foreign troops in the service of a nation at war; (rarely in sing.), a member of the allied or subsidiary force. 3. (Gram.) Defn: A verb which helps to form the voices, modes, and tenses of other verbs; -- called, also, an auxiliary verb; as, have, be, may, can, do, must, shall, and will, in English; ?tre and avoir, in French; avere and essere, in Italian; estar and haber, in Spanish. 4. (Math.) Defn: A quantity introduced for the purpose of simplifying or facilitating some operation, as in equations or trigonometrical formul?. Math. Dict.


AUXILIATORY Aux*ilia*to*ry, a. Defn: Auxiliary; helping. [Obs.]


AUXOMETER Aux*ome*ter, n. [Gr. to increase + -meter.] (Optics) Defn: An instrument for measuring the magnifying power of a lens or system of lenses.


AVA Ava, n. Defn: Same as Kava. Johnston.


AVADAVAT Av`a*da*vat, n. Defn: Same as Amadavat.


AVAIL A*vail, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Availed (p. pr. & vb. n. Availing.] Etym: [OE. availen, fr. F. ad) + valoir to be worth, fr. L. valere to be strong, to be worth. See Valiant.] 1. To turn to the advantage of; to be of service to; to profit; to benefit; to help; as, artifices will not avail the sinner in the day of judgment. O, what avails me now that honor high ! Milton. 2. To promote; to assist. [Obs.] Pope. To avail one's self of, to make use of; take advantage of. Then shall they seek to avail themselves of names. Milton. I have availed myself of the very first opportunity. Dickens.


AVAIL A*vail, v. i. Defn: To be of use or advantage; to answer the purpose; to have strength, force, or efficacy sufficient to accomplish the object; as, the plea in bar must avail, that is, be sufficient to defeat the suit; this scheme will not avail; medicines will not avail to check the disease. What signs avail Milton. Words avail very little with me, young man. Sir W. Scott.


AVAIL A*vail, n. 1. Profit; advantage toward success; benefit; value; as, labor, without economy, is of little avail. The avail of a deathbed repentance. Jer. Taylor. 2. pl. Defn: Proceeds; as, the avails of a sale by auction. The avails of their own industry. Stoddard. Syn. -- Use; benefit; utility; profit; service.


AVAIL A*vail, v. t. & i. Defn: See Avale, v. [Obs.] Spenser.


AVAILABILITY A*vail`a*bili*ty, n.; pl. Availabilities (. 1. The quality of being available; availableness. Note: The word is sometimes used derogatively in the sense of mere availableness, or capability of success without regard to worthiness. He was . . . nominated for his availability. Lowell. 2. That which is available.


AVAILABLE A*vaila*ble, a. 1. Having sufficient power, force, or efficacy, for the object; effectual; valid; as, an available plea. [Obs.] Laws human are available by consent. Hooker. 2. Such as one may avail one's self of; capable of being used for the accomplishment of a purpose; usable; profitable; advantageous; convertible into a resource; as, an available measure; an available candidate. Struggling to redeem, as he did, the available months and days out of so many that were unavailable. Carlyle. Having no available funds with which to pay the calls on new shares. H. Spenser.


AVAILABLENESS A*vaila*ble*ness, n. 1. Competent power; validity; efficacy; as, the availableness of a title. [Obs.] 2. Quality of being available; capability of being used for the purpose intended. Sir M. Hale.


AVAILABLY A*vaila*bly, adv. Defn: In an available manner; profitably; advantageously; efficaciously.


AVAILMENT A*vailment, n. Defn: Profit; advantage. [Obs.]


AVALANCHE Ava*lanche`, n. Etym: [F. avalanche, fr. avaler to descend, to let down, from aval down, downward; ad) + val, L. vallis, valley. See Valley.] 1. A large mass or body of snow and ice sliding swiftly down a mountain side, or falling down a precipice. 2. A fall of earth, rocks, etc., similar to that of an avalanche of snow or ice. 3. A sudden, great, or irresistible descent or influx of anything.


AVALE A*vale, v. t. & i. Etym: [F. avaler to descend, to let down. See Avalanche.] 1. To cause to descend; to lower; to let fall; to doff. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. To bring low; to abase. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton. 3. (v. i.) Defn: To descend; to fall; to dismount. [Obs.] And from their sweaty courses did avale. Spenser.


AVANT A*vant, n. Etym: [For avant-guard. Cf. Avaunt, Van.] Defn: The front of an army. [Obs.] See Van.


AVANT-COURIER A*vant-cou`ri*er, n. Etym: [F., fr. avant before + courrier. See Avaunt, and Courier.] Defn: A person dispatched before another person or company, to give notice of his or their approach.


AVANT-GUARD A*vant-guard` (; sq. root277), n. Etym: [F. avant before + E. guard, F. avant-garde. See Avaunt.] Defn: The van or advanced body of an army. See Vanguard.


AVARICE Ava*rice, n. Etym: [F. avaritia, fr. avarus avaricious, prob. fr. av to covert, fr. a root av to satiate one's self: cf. Gr. av to satiate one's self, rejoice, protect.] 1. An excessive or inordinate desire of gain; greediness after wealth; covetousness; cupidity. To desire money for its own sake, and in order to hoard it up, is avarice. Beattie. 2. An inordinate desire for some supposed good. All are taught an avarice of praise. Goldsmith.


AVARICIOUS Av`a*ricious, a. Etym: [Cf. F. avaricieux.] Defn: Actuated by avarice; greedy of gain; immoderately desirous of accumulating property. Syn. -- Greedy; stingy; rapacious; griping; sordid; close. -- Avaricious, Covetous, Parsimonious, Penurious, Miserly, Niggardly. The avaricious eagerly grasp after it at the expense of others, though not of necessity with a design to save, since a man may be covetous and yet a spendthrift. The penurious, parsimonious, and miserly save money by disgraceful self-denial, and the niggardly by meanness in their dealing with others. We speak of persons as covetous in getting, avaricious in retaining, parsimonious in expending, penurious or miserly in modes of living, niggardly in dispensing. -- Av`a*ricious*ly, adv -- Av`a*ricious*ness, n.


AVAROUS Ava*rous, a. Etym: [L. avarus.] Defn: Avaricious. [Obs.]


AVAST A*vast, interj. Etym: [Corrupted from D. houd vast hold fast. See Hold, v. t., and Fast, a.] (Naut.) Defn: Cease; stop; stay. Avast heaving. Totten.


AVATAR Av`a*tar, n. Etym: [Skr. avat?ra descent; ava from + root t to cross, pass over.] 1. (Hindoo Myth.) Defn: The descent of a deity to earth, and his incarnation as a man or an animal; -- chiefly associated with the incarnations of Vishnu. 2. Incarnation; manifestation as an object of worship or admiration.


AVAUNCE A*vaunce, v. t. & i. Etym: [See Advance.] Defn: To advance; to profit. Chaucer.


AVAUNT A*vaunt, interj. Etym: [F. avant forward, fr. L. ab + ante before. Cf. Avant, Advance.] Defn: Begone; depart; -- a word of contempt or abhorrence, equivalent to the phrase Get thee gone.


AVAUNT A*vaunt, v. t. & i. 1. To advance; to move forward; to elevate. [Obs.] Spenser. 2. To depart; to move away. [Obs.] Coverdale.


AVAUNT A*vaunt, v. t. & i. Etym: [OF. avanter; (L. ad) + vanter. See Vaunt.] Defn: To vaunt; to boast. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AVAUNT A*vaunt, n. Defn: A vaunt; to boast. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AVAUNTOUR A*vauntour, n. Etym: [OF. avanteur.] Defn: A boaster. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AVE Ave, n. Etym: [L., hail.] 1. An ave Maria. He repeated Aves and Credos. Macaulay. 2. A reverential salutation. Their loud applause and aves vehement. Shak.


AVE MARIA; AVE MARY Ave Ma*ria, Ave Mary.Etym: [From the first words of the Roman Catholic prayer to the Virgin Mary; L. ave hail, Maria Mary.] 1. A salutation and prayer to the Virgin Mary, as mother of God; -- used in the Roman Catholic church. To number Ave Maries on his beads. Shak. 2. A particular time (as in Italy, at the ringing of the bells about half an hour after sunset, and also at early dawn), when the people repeat the Ave Maria. Ave Maria ! blessed be the hour ! Byron.


AVEL A*vel, v. t. Etym: [L. avellere.] Defn: To pull away. [Obs.] Yet are not these parts avelled. Sir T. Browne.


AVELLANE A*vellane, a. Etym: [Cf. It. avellana a filbert, fr. L. Avella or Abella a city of Campania.] (Her.) Defn: In the form of four unhusked filberts; as, an avellane cross.


AVENA A*vena, n. Etym: [L.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of grasses, including the common oat (Avena sativa); the oat grasses.


AVENACEOUS Av`e*naceous, a. Etym: [L. avenaceus, fr. avena oats.] Defn: Belonging to, or resembling, oats or the oat grasses.


AVENAGE Ave*nage, n. Etym: [F. avenage, fr. L. avena oats.] (Old Law) Defn: A quantity of oats paid by a tenant to a landlord in lieu of rent. Jacob.


AVENALIN A*vena*lin, n. [L. avena eats.] (Chem.) Defn: A crystalline globulin, contained in oat kernels, very similar in composition to excelsin, but different in reactions and crystalline form.


AVENER Ave*ner, n. Etym: [OF. avenier, fr. aveine, avaine, avoine, oats, F. avoine, L. avena.] (Feud. Law) Defn: An officer of the king's stables whose duty it was to provide oats for the horses. [Obs.]


AVENGE A*venge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Avenged (p. pr. & vb. n. Avenging ( Etym: [OF. avengier; L. ad + vindicare to lay claim to, to avenge, revenge. See Vengeance.] 1. To take vengeance for; to exact satisfaction for by punishing the injuring party; to vindicate by inflicting pain or evil on a wrongdoer. He will avenge the blood of his servants. Deut. xxxii. 43. Avenge, O Lord, thy slaughtered saints, whose bones Lie scattered on the Alpine mountains cold. Milton. He had avenged himself on them by havoc such as England had never before seen. Macaulay. 2. To treat revengefully; to wreak vengeance on. [Obs.] Thy judgment in avenging thine enemies. Bp. Hall. Syn. -- To Avenge, Revenge. To avenge is to inflict punishment upon evil doers in behalf of ourselves, or others for whom we act; as, to avenge one's wrongs; to avenge the injuries of the suffering and innocent. It is to inflict pain for the sake of vindication, or retributive justice. To revenge is to inflict pain or injury for the indulgence of resentful and malicious feelings. The former may at times be a duty; the latter is one of the worst exhibitions of human character. I avenge myself upon another, or I avenge another, or I avenge a wrong. I revenge only myself, and that upon another. C. J. Smith.


AVENGE A*venge, v. i. Defn: To take vengeance. Levit. xix. 18.


AVENGE A*venge, n. Defn: Vengeance; revenge. [Obs.] Spenser.


AVENGEANCE A*vengeance, n. Defn: Vengeance. [Obs.]


AVENGEFUL A*vengeful, a. Defn: Vengeful. [Obs.] Spenser.


AVENGEMENT A*vengement, n. Defn: The inflicting of retributive punishment; satisfaction taken. [R.] Milton.


AVENGER A*venger, n. 1. One who avenges or vindicates; as, an avenger of blood. 2. One who takes vengeance. [Obs.] Milton.


AVENGERESS A*venger*ess, n. Defn: A female avenger. [Obs.] Spenser.


AVENIOUS A*veni*ous, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + L. vena a vein.] (Bot.) Defn: Being without veins or nerves, as the leaves of certain plants.


AVENOR Ave*nor, n. Defn: See Avener. [Obs.]


AVENS Avens, n. Etym: [OF. avence.] (Bot.) Defn: A plant of the genus Geum, esp. Geum urbanum, or herb bennet.


AVENTAIL Aven*tail, n. Etym: [OF. esventail. Cf. Ventail.] Defn: The movable front to a helmet; the ventail.


AVENTINE Aven*tine, a. Defn: Pertaining to Mons Aventinus, one of the seven hills on which Rome stood. Bryant.


AVENTINE Aven*tine, n. Defn: A post of security or defense. [Poetic] Into the castle's tower, The only Aventine that now is left him. Beau. & Fl.


AVENTRE A*ventre, v. t. Defn: To thrust forward (at a venture), as a spear. [Obs.] Spenser.


AVENTURE A*venture, n. Etym: [See Adventure, n.] 1. Accident; chance; adventure. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. (Old Law) Defn: A mischance causing a person's death without felony, as by drowning, or falling into the fire.


AVENTURINE A*ventu*rine, n. Etym: [F. aventurine: cf. It. avventurino.] 1. A kind of glass, containing gold-colored spangles. It was produced in the first place by the accidental (par aventure) dropping of some brass filings into a pot of melted glass. 2. (Min.) Defn: A variety of translucent quartz, spangled throughout with scales of yellow mica. = feldspar, a variety of oligoclase with internal firelike reflections due to the presence of minute crystals, probably of hematite; sunstone.


AVENUE Ave*nue, n. Etym: [F. avenue, fr. avenir to come to, L. advenire. See Advene.] 1. A way or opening for entrance into a place; a passage by which a place may by reached; a way of approach or of exit. The avenues leading to the city by land. Macaulay. On every side were expanding new avenues of inquiry. Milman. 2. The principal walk or approach to a house which is withdrawn from the road, especially, such approach bordered on each side by trees; any broad passageway thus bordered. An avenue of tall elms and branching chestnuts. W. Black. 3. A broad street; as, the Fifth Avenue in New York.

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