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AUSTRALIZE Austral*ize, v. i. Etym: [See Austral.] Defn: To tend toward the south pole, as a magnet. [Obs.] They [magnets] do septentrionate at one extreme, and australize at another. Sir T. Browne.


AUSTRIAN Austri*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Austria, or to its inhabitants. -- n. Defn: A native or an inhabitant of Austria.


AUSTRINE Austrine, n. Etym: [L. austrinus, from auster south.] Defn: Southern; southerly; austral. [Obs.] Bailey.


AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN Austro-Hun*gari*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the monarchy composed of Austria and Hungary.


AUSTROMANCY Austro*man`cy, n. Etym: [L. auster south wind + -mancy.] Defn: Soothsaying, or prediction of events, from observation of the winds.


AUSZUG Auszug` (oustsook), n.; Ger. pl. -z?ge (-ts?`ge). [G.] Defn: See Army organization, Switzerland.


AUTARCHY Autar*chy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Self-sufficiency. [Obs.] Milton.


AUTHENTIC Au*thentic, a. Etym: [OE. autentik, OF. autentique, F. authentique, L. authenticus coming from the real author, of original or firsthand authority, from Gr. sons and perh. orig. from the p. pr. of to be, root as, and meaning the one it really is. See Am, Sin, n., and cf. Effendi.] 1. Having a genuine original or authority, in opposition to that which is false, fictitious, counterfeit, or apocryphal; being what it purports to be; genuine; not of doubtful origin; real; as, an authentic paper or register. To be avenged On him who had stole Jove's authentic fire. Milton. 2. Authoritative. [Obs.] Milton. 3. Of approved authority; true; trustworthy; credible; as, an authentic writer; an authentic portrait; authentic information. 4. (Law) Defn: Vested with all due formalities, and legally attested. 5. (Mus.) Defn: Having as immediate relation to the tonic, in distinction from plagal, which has a correspondent relation to the dominant in the octave below the tonic. Syn. -- Authentic, Genuine. These words, as here compared, have reference to historical documents. We call a document genuine when it can be traced back ultimately to the author or authors from whom it professes to emanate. Hence, the word has the meaning, not changed from the original, uncorrupted, unadulterated: as, a genuine text. We call a document authentic when, on the ground of its being thus traced back, it may be relied on as true and authoritative (from the primary sense of having an author, vouched for); hence its extended signification, in general literature, of trustworthy, as resting on unquestionable authority or evidence; as, an authentic history; an authentic report of facts. A genuine book is that which was written by the person whose name it bears, as the author of it. An authentic book is that which relates matters of fact as they really happened. A book may be genuine without being, authentic, and a book may be authentic without being genuine. Bp. Watson. Note: It may be said, however, that some writers use authentic (as, an authentic document) in the sense of produced by its professed author, not counterfeit.


AUTHENTIC Au*thentic, n. Defn: An original (book or document). [Obs.] Authentics and transcripts. Fuller.


AUTHENTICAL Au*thentic*al, a. Defn: Authentic. [Archaic]


AUTHENTICALLY Au*thentic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an authentic manner; with the requisite or genuine authority.


AUTHENTICALNESS Au*then*tic*al*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being authentic; authenticity. [R.] Barrow.


AUTHENTICATE Au*thenti*cate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Authenticated (; p. pr. & vb. n. Authenticating ( Etym: [Cf. LL. authenticare.] 1. To render authentic; to give authority to, by the proof, attestation, or formalities required by law, or sufficient to entitle to credit. The king serves only as a notary to authenticate the choice of judges. Burke. 2. To prove authentic; to determine as real and true; as, to authenticate a portrait. Walpole.


AUTHENTICITY Au`then*tici*ty, n. Etym: [Cf. F. authenticit?.] 1. The quality of being authentic or of established authority for truth and correctness. 2. Genuineness; the quality of being genuine or not corrupted from the original. Note: In later writers, especially those on the evidences of Christianity, authenticity is often restricted in its use to the first of the above meanings, and distinguished from qenuineness.


AUTHENTICLY Au*thentic*ly, adv. Defn: Authentically.


AUTHENTICNESS Au*thentic*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being authentic; authenticity. [R.] Hammond.


AUTHENTICS Au*thentics, n. (Ciwil Law) Defn: A collection of the Novels or New Constitutions of Justinian, by an anonymous author; -- so called on account of its authencity. Bouvier.


AUTHOR Author, n. Etym: [OE. authour, autour, OF. autor, F. auteur, fr. L. auctor, sometimes, but erroneously, written autor or author, fr. augere to increase, to produce. See Auction, n.] 1. The beginner, former, or first mover of anything; hence, the efficient cause of a thing; a creator; an originator. Eternal King; thee, Author of all being. Milton. 2. One who composes or writers a book; a composer, as distinguished from an editor, translator, or compiler. The chief glory every people arises from its authors. Johnson. 3. The editor of a periodical. [Obs.] 4. An informant. [Archaic] Chaucer.


AUTHOR Author, v. t. 1. To occasion; to originate. [Obs.] Such an overthrow . . . I have authored. Chapman. 2. To tell; to say; to declare. [Obs.] More of him I dare not author. Massinger.


AUTHORESS Author*ess, n. Defn: A female author. Glover. Note: The word is not very much used, author being commonly applied to a female writer as well as to a male.


AUTHORIAL Au*thori*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an author. The authorial Hare.


AUTHORISM Author*ism, n. Defn: Authoriship. [R.]


AUTHORITATIVE Au*thori*ta*tive, a. 1. Having, or proceeding from, due authority; entitled to obedience, credit, or acceptance; determinate; commanding. The sacred functions of authoritative teaching. Barrow. 2. Having an air of authority; positive; dictatorial; peremptory; as, an authoritative tone. The mock authoritative manner of the one, and the insipid mirth of the other. Swift. -- Au*thori*ta*tive*ly, adv -- Au*thori*ta*tive*ness, n.


AUTHORITY Au*thori*ty, n.; pl. Authorities (. Etym: [OE. autorite, auctorite, F. autorit?, fr. L. auctoritas, fr. auctor. See Author, n.] 1. Legal or rightful power; a right to command or to act; power exercised buy a person in virtue of his office or trust; dominion; jurisdiction; authorization; as, the authority of a prince over subjects, and of parents over children; the authority of a court. Thus can the demigod, Authority, Make us pay down for our offense. Shak. By what authority doest thou these things Matt. xxi. 23. 2. Government; the persons or the body exercising power or command; as, the local authorities of the States; the military authorities. [Chiefly in the plural.] 3. The power derived from opinion, respect, or esteem; influence of character, office, or station, or mental or moral superiority, and the like; claim to be believed or obeyed; as, an historian of no authority; a magistrate of great authority. 4. That which, or one who, is claimed or appealed to in support of opinions, actions, measures, etc. Hence: (a) Testimony; witness. And on that high authority had believed. Milton. (b) A precedent; a decision of a court, an official declaration, or an opinion, saying, or statement worthy to be taken as a precedent. (c) A book containing such a statement or opinion, or the author of the book. (d) Justification; warrant. Wilt thou be glass wherein it shall discern Authority for sin, warrant for blame. Shak.


AUTHORIZABLE Author*i`za*ble, a. Etym: [LL. authorisabilis.] Defn: Capable of being authorized. Hammond.


AUTHORIZATION Au`thor*i*zation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. autorisation.] Defn: The act of giving authority or legal power; establishment by authority; sanction or warrant. The authorization of laws. Motley. A special authorization from the chief. Merivale.


AUTHORIZE Author*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Authorized (; p. pr. & vb. n. Authorizing.] Etym: [OE. autorize, F. autoriser, fr. LL. auctorizare, authorisare. See Author.] 1. To clothe with authority, warrant, or legal power; to give a right to act; to empower; as, to authorize commissioners to settle a boundary. 2. To make legal; to give legal sanction to; to legalize; as, to authorize a marriage. 3. To establish by authority, as by usage or public opinion; to sanction; as, idioms authorized by usage. 4. To sanction or confirm by the authority of some one; to warrant; as, to authorize a report. A woman's story at a winter's fire, Authorized by her grandam. Shak. 5. To justify; to furnish a ground for. Locke.


AUTHORIZE ONE'S SELF To authorize one's self Defn: , to rely for authority. [Obs.] Authorizing himself, for the most part, upon other histories. Sir P. Sidney.


AUTHORIZED Author*ized, a. 1. Possessed of or endowed with authority; as, an authorized agent. 2. Sanctioned by authority. The Authorized Version of the Bible is the English translation of the Bible published in 1611 under sanction of King James I. It was appointed to be read in churches, and has been the accepted English Bible. The Revised Version was published in a complete form in 1855.


AUTHORIZER Author*i`zer, n. Defn: One who authorizes.


AUTHORLESS Author*less, a. Defn: Without an author; without authority; anonymous.


AUTHORLY Author*ly, a. Defn: Authorial. [R.] Cowper.


AUTHORSHIP Author*ship, n. 1. The quality or state of being an author; function or dignity of an author. 2. Source; origin; origination; as, the authorship of a book or review, or of an act, or state of affairs.


AUTHOTYPE Autho*type, n. Defn: A type or block containing a facsimile of an autograph. Knight.


AUTO- Auto- (. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A combining form, with the meaning of self, one's self, one's own, itself, its own.


AUTO-DA-FE Auto-da-f?, n.; pl. Autos-da-f? (. Etym: [Pg., act of the faith; auto act, fr. L. actus + da of the + f? faith, fr. L. fides.] 1. A judgment of the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal condemning or acquitting persons accused of religious offenses. 2. An execution of such sentence, by the civil power, esp. the burning of a heretic. It was usually held on Sunday, and was made a great public solemnity by impressive forms and ceremonies. 3. A session of the court of Inquisition.


AUTO-DE-FE Auto-de-fe, n.; pl. Autos-de-fe. Etym: [Sp., act of faith.] Defn: Same as Auto-da-f?.


AUTO-INFECTION Au`to-in*fection, n. [Auto- + infection.] (Med.) Defn: Poisoning caused by a virus that originates and develops in the organism itself.


AUTO-INOCULATION Au`to-in*oc`u*lation, n. [Auto-+ inoculation.] (Med.) Defn: Inoculation of a person with virus from his own body.


AUTO-INTOXICATION Au`to-in*tox`i*cation, n. [Auto-+ intoxication.] (Med.) Defn: Poisoning, or the state of being poisoned, from toxic substances produced within the body; autotox?mia.


AUTOBIOGRAPHER Au`to*bi*ogra*pher, n. Etym: [Auto- + biographer.] Defn: One who writers his own life or biography.


AUTOBIOGRAPHIC; AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL Au`to*bi`o*graphic, Au`to*bi`o*graphic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or containing, autobiography; as, an autobiographical sketch. Such traits of the autobiographic sort. Carlyle. -- Au`to*bi`o*graphic*al*ly, adv.


AUTOBIOGRAPHIST Au`to*bi*ogra*phist, n. Defn: One who writes his own life; an autobiographer. [R.]


AUTOBIOGRAPHY Au`to*bi*ogra*phy, n.; pl. Autobiographies (. Etym: [Auto- + biography.] Defn: A biography written by the subject of it; memoirs of one's life written by one's self.


AUTOCARPOUS; AUTOCARPIAN Au`to*carpous, Au`to*carpi*an, a. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Consisting of the pericarp of the ripened pericarp with no other parts adnate to it, as a peach, a poppy capsule, or a grape.


AUTOCATALYSIS Au`to*ca*taly*sis, n. [Auto-+ catalysis.] (Chem.) Defn: Self-catalysis; catalysis of a substance by one of its own products, as of silver oxide by the silver formed by reduction of a small portion of it. -- Au`to*cat`a*lytic (#), a.


AUTOCEPHALOUS Au`to*cepha*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: Having its own head; independent of episcopal or patriarchal jurisdiction, as certain Greek churches.


AUTOCHRONOGRAPH Au`to*chrono*graph, n. Etym: [Auto- + chronograph.] Defn: An instrument for the instantaneous self-recording or printing of time. Knight.


AUTOCHTHON Au*tochthon, n.; pl. E. Authochthons (, L. Autochthones (. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. One who is supposed to rise or spring from the ground or the soil he inhabits; one of the original inhabitants or aborigines; a native; -- commonly in the plural. This title was assumed by the ancient Greeks, particularly the Athenians. 2. That which is original to a particular country, or which had there its origin.


AUTOCHTHONAL; AUTHOCHTHONIC; AUTOCHTHONOUS Au*tochtho*nal, Au`thoch*thonic, Au*tochtho*nous, a. Defn: Aboriginal; indigenous; native.


AUTOCHTHONISM Au*tochtho*nism, n. Defn: The state of being autochthonal.


AUTOCHTHONY Au*tochtho*ny, n. Defn: An aboriginal or autochthonous condition.


AUTOCLASTIC Au`to*clastic, a. [See Auto-; Clastic.] (Geol.) Defn: Broken in place; -- said of rocks having a broken or brecciated structure due to crushing, in contrast to those of brecciated materials brought from a distance.


AUTOCLAVE Auto*clave, n. Etym: [F., fr. Gr. clavis key.] Defn: A kind of French stewpan with a steamtight lid. Knight.


AUTOCOHERER Au`to*co*herer, n. [Auto- + coherer.] (Wireless Teleg.) Defn: A self-restoring coherer, as a microphonic detector.


AUTOCRACY Au*tocra*cy, n.; pl. Autocracies. Etym: [Gr. autocratie. See Autocrat.] 1. Independent or self-derived power; absolute or controlling authority; supremacy. The divine will moves, not by the external impulse or inclination of objects, but determines itself by an absolute autocracy. South. 2. Supreme, uncontrolled, unlimited authority, or right of governing in a single person, as of an autocrat. 3. Political independence or absolute sovereignty (of a state); autonomy. Barlow. 4. (Med.) Defn: The action of the vital principle, or of the instinctive powers, toward the preservation of the individual; also, the vital principle. [In this sense, written also autocrasy.] Dunglison.


AUTOCRAT Auto*crat, n. Etym: [Gr. autocrate. See Hard, a.] 1. An absolute sovereign; a monarch who holds and exercises the powers of government by claim of absolute right, not subject to restriction; as, Autocrat of all the Russias (a title of the Czar). 2. One who rules with undisputed sway in any company or relation; a despot. The autocrat of the breakfast table. Holmes.


AUTOCRATIC; AUTOCRATICAL Au`to*cratic, Au`to*cratic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to autocracy or to an autocrat; absolute; holding independent and arbitrary powers of government. -- Au`to*cratic*al*ly, adv.


AUTOCRATOR Au*tocra*tor, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An autocrat. [Archaic]


AUTOCRATORICAL Au`to*cra*toric*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to an autocrator; absolute. [Obs.] Bp. Pearson.


AUTOCRATRIX Au*tocra*trix, n. Etym: [NL.] Defn: A female sovereign who is independent and absolute; -- a title given to the empresses of Russia.


AUTOCRATSHIP Auto*crat*ship, n. Defn: The office or dignity of an autocrat.


AUTODIDACT Auto*di*dact`, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: One who is self-taught; an automath.


AUTODYNAMIC Au`to*dy*namic, a. Etym: [Auto- + dynamic.] Defn: Supplying its own power; -- applied to an instrument of the nature of a water-ram.


AUTOECIOUS Au*tocious, a. [Auto-+ Gr. house.] (Biol.) Defn: Passing through all its stages on one host, as certain parasitic fungi; -- contrasted with heterocious.


AUTOECISM Au*tocism, n. Defn: Quality of being autocious.


AUTOFECUNDATION Au`to*fec`un*dation, n. Etym: [Auto- + fecundation.] (Biol.) Defn: Self-impregnation. Darwin.


AUTOGAMOUS Au*toga*mous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Characterized by autogamy; self-fertilized.


AUTOGAMY Au*toga*my, n. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Self-fertilization, the fertilizing pollen being derived from the same blossom as the pistil acted upon.


AUTOGENEAL Au`to*gene*al, a. Defn: Self-produced; autogenous.


AUTOGENESIS Au`to*gene*sis, n. Etym: [Auto- + genesis.] (Biol.) Defn: Spontaneous generation.


AUTOGENETIC Au`to*ge*netic, a. (Biol.) Defn: Relating to autogenesis; self-generated.


AUTOGENETIC DRAINAGE Autogenetic drainage. (Phys. Geog.) Defn: A system of natural drainage developed by the constituent streams through headwater erosion.


AUTOGENETIC TOPOGRAPHY Autogenetic topography. (Phys. Geog.) Defn: A system of land forms produced by the free action of rain and streams on rocks of uniform texture.


AUTOGENOUS Au*toge*nous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Biol.) Defn: Self-generated; produced independently. 2. (Anat.) Defn: Developed from an independent center of ossification. Owen. Autogenous soldering, the junction by fusion of the joining edges of metals without the intervention of solder.


AUTOGENOUSLY Au*toge*nous*ly, adv. Defn: In an autogenous manner; spontaneously.


AUTOGRAPH Auto*graph, n. Etym: [F. autographe, fr. Gr. Defn: That which is written with one's own hand; an original manuscript; a person's own signature or handwriting.


AUTOGRAPH Auto*graph, a. Defn: In one's own handwriting; as, an autograph letter; an autograph will.


AUTOGRAPHAL Au*togra*phal, a. Defn: Autographic. [Obs.]


AUTOGRAPHIC; AUTOGRAPHICAL Au`to*graphic, Au`to*graphic*al, a. 1. Pertaining to an autograph, or one's own handwriting; of the nature of an autograph. 2. Pertaining to, or used in, the process of autography; as, autographic ink, paper, or press.


AUTOGRAPHY Au*togra*phy, n. Etym: [Cf. F. autographie.] 1. The science of autographs; a person's own handwriting; an autograph. 2. A process in lithography by which a writing or drawing is transferred from paper to stone. Ure.


AUTOHARP Auto*harp, n. [Auto- + harp.] Defn: A zitherlike musical instrument, provided with dampers which, when depressed, deaden some strings, leaving free others that form a chord.


AUTOHYPNOTIC Au`to*hyp*notic, a. Defn: Pert. to autohypnotism; self-hypnotizing. -- n. Defn: An autohypnotic person.


AUTOHYPNOTISM Au`to*hypno*tism, n. [Auto-+ hypnotism.] Defn: Hypnotism of one's self by concentration of the attention on some object or idea.


AUTOKINESIS Au`to*ki*nesis, n. [NL.; auto-+ Gr. motion.] (Physiol.) Defn: Spontaneous or voluntary movement; movement due to an internal cause.


AUTOKINETIC Au`to*ki*netic, a. [Auto- + kinetic.] Defn: Self-moving; moving automatically.


AUTOKINETIC SYSTEM Autokinetic system. Defn: In fire-alarm telegraphy, a system so arranged that when one alarm is being transmitted, no other alarm, sent in from another point, will be transmitted until after the first alarm has been disposed of.


AUTOLATRY Au*tola*try, n. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. Defn: Self-worship. Farrar.


AUTOMATH Auto*math, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: One who is self-taught. [R.] Young.


AUTOMATIC; AUTOMATICAL Au`to*matic, Au`to*matic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. automatique. See Automaton.] 1. Having an inherent power of action or motion. Nothing can be said to be automatic. Sir H. Davy. 2. Pertaining to, or produced by, an automaton; of the nature of an automaton; self-acting or self-regulating under fixed conditions; -- esp. applied to machinery or devices in which certain things formerly or usually done by hand are done by the machine or device itself; as, the automatic feed of a lathe; automatic gas lighting; an automatic engine or switch; an automatic mouse. 3. Not voluntary; not depending on the will; mechanical; as, automatic movements or functions. Unconscious or automatic reasoning. H. Spenser. Automatic arts, such economic arts or manufacture as are carried on by self-acting machinery. Ure.


AUTOMATICALLY Au`to*matic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an automatic manner.


AUTOMATISM Au*toma*tism, n. Defn: The state or quality of being automatic; the power of self- moving; automatic, mechanical, or involuntary action. (Metaph.) A theory as to the activity of matter.


AUTOMATON Au*toma*ton, n.; pl. L. Automata (, E. Automatons (. Etym: [L. fr. Gr. ma, man, to strive, think, cf. Mean, v. i.] 1. Any thing or being regarded as having the power of spontaneous motion or action. Huxley. So great and admirable an automaton as the world. Boyle. These living automata, human bodies. Boyle. 2. A self-moving machine, or one which has its motive power within itself; -- applied chiefly to machines which appear to imitate spontaneously the motions of living beings, such as men, birds, etc.


AUTOMATOUS Au*toma*tous, a. Etym: [L. automatus, Gr. Automaton.] Defn: Automatic. [Obs.] Automatous organs. Sir T. Browne.


AUTOMIXTE SYSTEM Au`to*mixte system. (Mach.) Defn: A system (devised by Henri Pieper, a Belgian) of driving automobiles employing a gasoline engine and an auxiliary reversible dynamo. When there is an excess of power the dynamo is driven by the engine so as to charge a small storage battery; when there is a deficiency of power the dynamo reverses and acts as an auxiliary motor. Sometimes called Pieper system. -- Automixte car, etc.


AUTOMOBILE Au`to*mobile, n. [F.] Defn: An automobile vehicle or mechanism; esp., a self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on a street or roadway. Automobiles are usually propelled by internal combustion engines (using volatile inflammable liquids, as gasoline or petrol, alcohol, naphtha, etc.), steam engines, or electric motors. The power of the driving motor varies from about 4 to 50 H. P. for ordinary vehicles, ranging from the run-about to the touring car, up to as high as 200 H. P. for specially built racing cars. Automobiles are also commonly, and generally in British usage, called motor cars.


AUTOMOBILISM Au`to*mobil*ism, n. Defn: The use of automobiles, or the practices, methods, or the like, of those who use them. -- Au`to*mobil*ist, n.


AUTOMORPHIC Au`to*morphic, a. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. Defn: Patterned after one's self. The conception which any one frames of another's mind is more or less after the pattern of his own mind, -- is automorphic. H. Spenser.


AUTOMORPHISM Au`to*morphism, n. Defn: Automorphic characterization. H. Spenser.


AUTONOMASY Au`to*noma*sy, n. Etym: [Auto- + Gr. antonomasia.] (Rhet.) Defn: The use of a word of common or general signification for the name of a particular thing; as, He has gone to town, for, He has gone to London.

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