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AUGUSTAN Au*gustan, a. Etym: [L. Augustanus, fr. Augustus. See August, n.] 1. Of or pertaining to Augustus C?sar or to his times. 2. Of or pertaining to the town of Augsburg. Augustan age of any national literature, the period of its highest state of purity and refinement; -- so called because the reign of Augustus C?sar was the golden age of Roman literature. Thus the reign of Louis XIV. (b. 1638) has been called the Augustan age of French literature, and that of Queen Anne (b. 1664) the Augustan age of English literature. -- Augustan confession (Eccl. Hist.), or confession of Augsburg, drawn up at Augusta Vindelicorum, or Augsburg, by Luther and Melanchthon, in 1530, contains the principles of the Protestants, and their reasons for separating from the Roman Catholic church.


AUGUSTINE; AUGUSTINIAN Au*gustine, Au`gus*tini*an, n. (Eccl.) Defn: A member of one of the religious orders called after St. Augustine; an Austin friar.


AUGUSTINIAN Au`gus*tini*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to St. Augustine, bishop of Hippo in Northern Africa (b. 354 -- d. 430), or to his doctrines. Augustinian canons, an order of monks once popular in England and Ireland; -- called also regular canons of St. Austin, and black canons. -- Augustinian hermits or Austin friars, an order of friars established in 1265 by Pope Alexander IV. It was introduced into the United States from Ireland in 1790. -- Augustinian nuns, an order of nuns following the rule of St. Augustine. -- Augustinian rule, a rule for religious communities based upon the 109th letter of St. Augustine, and adopted by the Augustinian orders.


AUGUSTINIAN Au`gus*tini*an, n. Defn: One of a class of divines, who, following St. Augustine, maintain that grace by its nature is effectual absolutely and creatively, not relatively and conditionally.


AUGUSTINIANISM; AUGUSTINISM Au`gus*tini*an*ism, Au*gustin*ism, n. Defn: The doctrines held by Augustine or by the Augustinians.


AUGUSTLY Au*gustly, adv. Defn: In an august manner.


AUGUSTNESS Au*gustness, n. Defn: The quality of being august; dignity of mien; grandeur; magnificence.


AUK Auk, n. Etym: [Prov. E. alk; akin to Dan. alke, Icel. & Sw. alka.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A name given to various species of arctic sea birds of the family Alcid?. The great auk, now extinct, is Alca (or Plautus) impennis. The razor-billed auk is A. torda. See Puffin, Guillemot, and Murre.


AUKWARD Aukward, a. Defn: See Awkward. [Obs.]


AULARIAN Au*lari*an, a. Etym: [L. aula hall. Cf. LL. aularis of a court.] Defn: Relating to a hall.


AULARIAN Au*lari*an, n. Defn: At Oxford, England, a member of a hall, distinguished from a collegian. Chalmers.


AULD Auld, a. Etym: [See Old.] Defn: Old; as, Auld Reekie (old smoky), i. e., Edinburgh. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.]


AULD LANG SYNE Auld` lang syne. Defn: A Scottish phrase used in recalling recollections of times long since past. The days of auld lang syne.


AULD LICHT; AULD LIGHT Auld licht, Auld light . (Eccl. Hist.) (a) A member of the conservative party in the Church of Scotland in the latter part of the 18th century. (b) Same as Burgher, n., 2.


AULETIC Au*letic, a. Etym: [L. auleticus, Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to a pipe (flute) or piper. [R.] Ash.


AULIC Aulic, a. Etym: [L. aulicus, Gr. Defn: Pertaining to a royal court. Ecclesiastical wealth and aulic dignities. Landor. Aulic council (Hist.), a supreme court of the old German empire; properly the supreme court of the emperor. It ceased at the death of each emperor, and was renewed by his successor. It became extinct when the German empire was dissolved, in 1806. The term is now applied to a council of the war department of the Austrian empire, and the members of different provincial chanceries of that empire are called aulic councilors. P. Cyc.


AULIC Aulic, n. Defn: The ceremony observed in conferring the degree of doctor of divinity in some European universities. It begins by a harangue of the chancellor addressed to the young doctor, who then receives the cap, and presides at the disputation (also called the aulic).


AULN Auln, n. Defn: An ell. [Obs.] See Aune.


AULNAGE; AULNAGER Aulnage, Aulna*ger, n. Defn: See Alnage and Alnager.


AUM Aum, n. Defn: Same as Aam.


AUMAIL Au*mail, v. t. Etym: [OE. for amel, enamel.] Defn: To figure or variegate. [Obs.] Spenser.


AUMBRY Aumbry, n. Defn: Same as Ambry.


AUMERY Aume*ry, n. Defn: A form of Ambry, a closet; but confused with Almonry, as if a place for alms.


AUNCEL Auncel, n. Defn: A rude balance for weighing, and a kind of weight, formerly used in England. Halliwell.


AUNCETRY Auncet*ry, n. Defn: Ancestry. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AUNE Aune, n. Etym: [F. See Alnage.] Defn: A French cloth measure, of different parts of the country (at Paris, 0.95 of an English ell); -- now superseded by the meter.


AUNT Aunt, n. Etym: [OF. ante, F. tante, L. amita father's sister. Cf. Amma.] 1. The sister of one's father or mother; -- correlative to nephew or niece. Also applied to an uncle's wife. Note: Aunt is sometimes applied as a title or term of endearment to a kind elderly woman not thus related. 2. An old woman; and old gossip. [Obs.] Shak. 3. A bawd, or a prostitute. [Obs.] Shak. Aunt Sally, a puppet head placed on a pole and having a pipe in its mouth; also a game, which consists in trying to hit the pipe by throwing short bludgeons at it.


AUNTER Aunter, n. Defn: Adventure; hap. [Obs.] In aunters, perchance.


AUNTER; AUNTRE Aunter, Auntre, v. t. Etym: [See Adventure.] Defn: To venture; to dare. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AUNTIE; AUNTY Auntie, Aunty, n. Defn: A familiar name for an aunt. In the southern United States a familiar term applied to aged negro women.


AUNTROUS Auntrous, a. Defn: Adventurous. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AURA Aura, n.; pl. Aur? (. Etym: [L. aura air, akin to Gr. 1. Any subtile, invisible emanation, effluvium, or exhalation from a substance, as the aroma of flowers, the odor of the blood, a supposed fertilizing emanation from the pollen of flowers, etc. 2. (Med.) Defn: The peculiar sensation, as of a light vapor, or cold air, rising from the trunk or limbs towards the head, a premonitory symptom of epilepsy or hysterics. Electric , a supposed electric fluid, emanating from an electrified body, and forming a mass surrounding it, called the electric atmosphere. See Atmosphere, 2.


AURAL Aural, a. Etym: [L. aura air.] Defn: Of or pertaining to the air, or to an aura.


AURAL Aural, a. Etym: [L. auris ear.] Defn: Of or pertaining to the ear; as, aural medicine and surgery.


AURANTIACEOUS Au*ran`ti*aceous, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, the Aurantiace?, an order of plants (formerly considered natural), of which the orange is the type.


AURATE Aurate, n. Etym: [L. auratus, p. p. of aurare to gild, fr. aurum gold: cf. F. aurate.] (Chem.) Defn: A combination of auric acid with a base; as, aurate or potassium.


AURATED Aura*ted, a. Etym: [See Aurate.] 1. Resembling or containing gold; gold-colored; gilded. 2. (Chem.) Defn: Combined with auric acid.


AURATED Aura*ted, a. Defn: Having ears. See Aurited.


AUREATE Aure*ate, a. Etym: [L. aureatus, fr. aureus golden, fr. aurum gold.] Defn: Golden; gilded. Skelton.


AURELIA Au*reli*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. L. aurum gold: cf. F. aur?lie. Cf. Chrysalis.] (Zo?l.) (a) The chrysalis, or pupa of an insect, esp. when reflecting a brilliant golden color, as that of some of the butterflies. (b) A genus of jellyfishes. See Discophora.


AURELIAN Au*reli*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the aurelia.


AURELIAN Au*reli*an, n. Defn: An amateur collector and breeder of insects, esp. of butterflies and moths; a lepidopterist.


AUREOLA; AUREOLE Au*reo*la, Aure*ole, n. Etym: [F. aur?ole, fr. L. aureola, (fem adj.) of gold (sc. corona crown), dim. of aureus. See Aureate, Oriole.] 1. (R. C. Theol.) Defn: A celestial crown or accidental glory added to the bliss of heaven, as a reward to those (as virgins, martyrs, preachers, etc.) who have overcome the world, the flesh, and the devil. 2. The circle of rays, or halo of light, with which painters surround the figure and represent the glory of Christ, saints, and others held in special reverence. Note: Limited to the head, it is strictly termed a nimbus; when it envelops the whole body, an aureola. Fairholt. 3. A halo, actual or figurative. The glorious aureole of light seen around the sun during total eclipses. Proctor. The aureole of young womanhood. O. W. Holmes. 4. (Anat.) Defn: See Areola, 2.


AURIC Auric, a. Etym: [L. aurum gold.] 1. Of or pertaining to gold. 2. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, gold; -- said of those compounds of gold in which this element has its higher valence; as, auric oxide; auric chloride.


AURICHALCEOUS Au`ri*chalce*ous, a. Etym: [L. aurichalcum, for orichalcum brass.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Brass-colored.


AURICHALCITE Au`ri*chalcite, n. Etym: [See Aurichalceous.] (Min.) Defn: A hydrous carbonate of copper and zinc, found in pale green or blue crystalline aggregations. It yields a kind of brass on reduction.


AURICLE Auri*cle, n. Etym: [L. auricula, dim. of auris ear. See Ear.] 1. (Anat.) (a) The external ear, or that part of the ear which is prominent from the head. (b) The chamber, or one of the two chambers, of the heart, by which the blood is received and transmitted to the ventricle or ventricles; -- so called from its resemblance to the auricle or external ear of some quadrupeds. See Heart. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: An angular or ear-shaped lobe. 3. An instrument applied to the ears to give aid in hearing; a kind of ear trumpet. Mansfield.


AURICLED Auri*cled, a. Defn: Having ear-shaped appendages or lobes; auriculate; as, auricled leaves.


AURICULA Au*ricu*la, n.; pl. L. Auricul? (, E. Auriculas (. Etym: [L. auricula. See Auricle.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A species of Primula, or primrose, called also, from the shape of its leaves, bear's-ear. (b) (b) A species of Hirneola (H. auricula), a membranaceous fungus, called also auricula Jud?, or Jew's-ear. P. Cyc. 2. (Zo?l.) (a) A genus of air-breathing mollusks mostly found near the sea, where the water is brackish (b) One of the five arched processes of the shell around the jaws of a sea urchin.


AURICULAR Au*ricu*lar, a. Etym: [LL. auricularis: cf. F. auriculaire. See Auricle.] 1. Of or pertaining to the ear, or to the sense of hearing; as, auricular nerves. 2. Told in the ear, i. e., told privately; as, auricular confession to the priest. This next chapter is a penitent confession of the king, and the strangest . . . that ever was auricular. Milton. 3. Recognized by the ear; known by the sense of hearing; as, auricular evidence. Auricular assurance. Shak. 4. Received by the ear; known by report. Auricular traditions. Bacon. 5. (Anat.) Defn: Pertaining to the auricles of the heart. Auricular finger, the little finger; so called because it can be readily introduced into the ear passage.


AURICULARIA Au*ric`u*lari*a, n. pl. Etym: [Neut. pl., fr. LL. auricularis.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A kind of holothurian larva, with soft, blunt appendages. See Illustration in Appendix.


AURICULARLY Au*ricu*lar*ly, adv. Defn: In an auricular manner.


AURICULARS Au*ricu*lars, n. pl. (Zo?l.) Defn: A circle of feathers surrounding the opening of the ear of birds.


AURICULATE; AURICULATED Au*ricu*late, Au*ricu*la`ted, a. Etym: [See Auricle.] (Biol.) Defn: Having ears or appendages like ears; eared. Esp.: (a) (Bot.) Having lobes or appendages like the ear; shaped like the ear; auricled. (b) (Zo?l.) Having an angular projection on one or both sides, as in certain bivalve shells, the foot of some gastropods, etc. Auriculate leaf, one having small appended leaves or lobes on each side of its petiole or base.


AURIFEROUS Au*rifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. aurifer; aurum gold + ferre to bear: cf. F. aurif?re.] Defn: Gold-bearing; containing or producing gold. Whence many a bursting stream auriferous plays. Thomson. = pyrites, iron pyrites (iron disulphide), containing some gold disseminated through it.


AURIFLAMME Auri*flamme, n. Defn: See Oriflamme.


AURIFORM Auri*form, a. Etym: [L. auris ear + -form.] Defn: Having the form of the human ear; ear-shaped.


AURIGA Au*riga, n. Etym: [L., charioteer.] (Anat.) Defn: The Charioteer, or Wagoner, a constellation in the northern hemisphere, situated between Perseus and Gemini. It contains the bright star Capella.


AURIGAL Au*rigal, a. Etym: [L. aurigalis.] Defn: Of or pertaining to a chariot. [R.]


AURIGATION Au`ri*gation, n. Etym: [L. aurigatio, fr. aurigare to be a charioteer, fr. auriga.] Defn: The act of driving a chariot or a carriage. [R.] De Quincey.


AURIGRAPHY Au*rigra*phy, n. Etym: [L. aurum gold + -graphy.] Defn: The art of writing with or in gold.


AURILAVE Au`ri*lave, n. [L. auris ear + lavare to wash.] Defn: An instrument for cleansing the ear, consisting of a small piece of sponge on an ivory or bone handle.


AURIN Aurin, n. Etym: [L. aurum gold.] (Chem.) Defn: A red coloring matter derived from phenol; -- called also, in commerce, yellow coralin.


AURIPHRYGIATE Au`ri*phrygi*ate, a. Etym: [LL. auriphrigiatus; L. aurum gold + LL. phrygiare to adorn with Phrygian needlework, or with embroidery; perhaps corrupted from some other word. Cf. Orfrays.] Defn: Embroidered or decorated with gold. [R.] Southey.


AURIPIGMENT Au`ri*pigment, n. Defn: See Orpiment. [Obs.]


AURISCALP Auri*scalp, n. Etym: [L. auris ear + scalpere to scrape.] Defn: An earpick.


AURISCOPE Auri*scope, n. Etym: [L. auris + -scope.] (Med.) Defn: An instrument for examining the condition of the ear.


AURISCOPY Au*risco*py, n. Defn: Examination of the ear by the aid of the auriscope.


AURIST Aurist, n. Etym: [L. auris ear.] Defn: One skilled in treating and curing disorders of the ear.


AURITED Auri*ted, a. Etym: [L. auritus, fr. auris ear.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Having lobes like the ear; auriculate.


AURIVOROUS Au*rivo*rous, a. Etym: [L. aurum gold + vorare to devour.] Defn: Gold-devouring. [R.] H. Walpole.


AUROCEPHALOUS Au`ro*cepha*lous, a. Etym: [Aurum + cephalous.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Having a gold-colored head.


AUROCHLORIDE Au`ro*chloride, n. Etym: [Aurum + chloride.] (Chem.) Defn: The trichloride of gold combination with the chloride of another metal, forming a double chloride; -- called also chloraurate.


AUROCHS Aurochs, n. Etym: [G. auerochs, OHG. ; (cf. AS. ) + ohso ox, G. ochs. Cf. Owre, Ox.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The European bison (Bison bonasus, or Europ?us), once widely distributed, but now nearly extinct, except where protected in the Lithuanian forests, and perhaps in the Caucasus. It is distinct from the Urus of C?sar, with which it has often been confused.


AUROCYANIDE Au`ro*cya*nide, n. Etym: [Aurum + cyanide.] (Chem.) Defn: A double cyanide of gold and some other metal or radical; -- called also cyanaurate.


AURORA Au*rora, n.; pl. E. Auroras (, L. (rarely used) Auror? (. Etym: [L. aurora, for ausosa, akin to Gr. ushas, and E. east.] 1. The rising light of the morning; the dawn of day; the redness of the sky just before the sun rises. 2. The rise, dawn, or beginning. Hawthorne. 3. (Class. Myth.) Defn: The Roman personification of the dawn of day; the goddess of the morning. The poets represented her a rising out of the ocean, in a chariot, with rosy fingers dropping gentle dew. 4. (Bot.) Defn: A species of crowfoot. Johnson. 5. The aurora borealis or aurora australis (northern or southern lights). Aurora borealis (, i. e., northern daybreak; popularly called northern lights. A luminous meteoric phenomenon, visible only at night, and supposed to be of electrical origin. This species of light usually appears in streams, ascending toward the zenith from a dusky line or bank, a few degrees above the northern horizon; when reaching south beyond the zenith, it forms what is called the corona, about a spot in the heavens toward which the dipping needle points. Occasionally the aurora appears as an arch of light across the heavens from east to west. Sometimes it assumes a wavy appearance, and the streams of light are then called merry dancers. They assume a variety of colors, from a pale red or yellow to a deep red or blood color. The Aurora australis (is a corresponding phenomenon in the southern hemisphere, the streams of light ascending in the same manner from near the southern horizon.


AURORAL Au*roral, a. Defn: Belonging to, or resembling, the aurora (the dawn or the northern lights); rosy. Her cheeks suffused with an auroral blush. Longfellow.


AUROUS Aurous, a. 1. Containing gold. 2. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, gold; -- said of those compounds of gold in which this element has its lower valence; as, aurous oxide.


AURUM Aurum, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: Gold. Aurum fulminans (See Fulminate. -- Aurum mosaicum (See Mosaic.


AUSCULT Aus*cult, v. i. & t. Defn: To auscultate.


AUSCULTATE Auscul*tate, v. i. & t. Defn: To practice auscultation; to examine by auscultation.


AUSCULTATION Aus`cul*tation, n. Etym: [L. ausculcatio, fr. auscultare to listen, fr. a dim. of auris, orig. ausis, ear. See Auricle, and cf. Scout, n.] 1. The act of listening or hearkening to. Hickes. 2. (Med.) Defn: An examination by listening either directly with the ear (immediate auscultation) applied to parts of the body, as the abdomen; or with the stethoscope (mediate ), in order to distinguish sounds recognized as a sign of health or of disease.


AUSCULTATOR Auscul*ta`tor, n. Defn: One who practices auscultation.


AUSCULTATORY Aus*culta*to*ry, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to auscultation. Dunglison.


AUSONIAN Au*soni*an, a. Etym: [L. Ausonia, poetic name for Italy.] Defn: Italian. Milton.


AUSPICATE Auspi*cate, a. Etym: [L. auspicatus, p. p. of auspicari to take auspices, fr. auspex a bird seer, an augur, a contr. of avispex; avis bird + specere, spicere, to view. See Aviary, Spy.] Defn: Auspicious. [Obs.] Holland.


AUSPICATE Auspi*cate, v. t. 1. To foreshow; to foretoken. [Obs.] B. Jonson. 2. To give a favorable turn to in commencing; to inaugurate; -- a sense derived from the Roman practice of taking the auspicium, or inspection of birds, before undertaking any important business. They auspicate all their proceedings. Burke.


AUSPICE Auspice, n.; pl. Auspices (. Etym: [L. auspicium, fr. auspex: cf. F. auspice. See Auspicate, a.] 1. A divining or taking of omens by observing birds; an omen as to an undertaking, drawn from birds; an augury; an omen or sign in general; an indication as to the future. 2. Protection; patronage and care; guidance. Which by his auspice they will nobler make. Dryden. Note: In this sense the word is generally plural, auspices; as, under the auspices of the king.


AUSPICIAL Aus*picial, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to auspices; auspicious. [R.]


AUSPICIOUS Aus*picious, a. Etym: [See Auspice.] 1. Having omens or tokens of a favorable issue; giving promise of success, prosperity, or happiness; predicting good; as, an auspicious beginning. Auspicious union of order and freedom. Macaulay. 2. Prosperous; fortunate; as, auspicious years. Auspicious chief. Dryden. 3. Favoring; favorable; propitious; -- applied to persons or things. Thy auspicious mistress. Shak. Auspicious gales. Pope. Syn. -- See Propitious. -- Aus*picious*ly, adv. -- Aus*picious*ness, n.


AUSTER Auster, n. Etym: [L. auster a dry, hot, south wind; the south.] Defn: The south wind. Pope.


AUSTERE Aus*tere, Etym: [F. aust?re, L. austerus, fr. Gr. Sear.] 1. Sour and astringent; rough to the state; having acerbity; as, an austere crab apple; austere wine. 2. Severe in modes of judging, or living, or acting; rigid; rigorous; stern; as, an austere man, look, life. From whom the austere Etrurian virtue rose. Dryden. 3. Unadorned; unembellished; severely simple. Syn. -- Harsh; sour; rough; rigid; stern; severe; rigorous; strict.


AUSTERELY Aus*terely, adv. Defn: Severely; rigidly; sternly. A doctrine austerely logical. Macaulay.


AUSTERENESS Aus*tereness, n. 1. Harshness or astringent sourness to the taste; acerbity. Johnson. 2. Severity; strictness; austerity. Shak.


AUSTERITY Aus*teri*ty, n.; pl. Austplwies (. Etym: [F. aust?rit?, L. austerias, fr. austerus. See Austere.] 1. Sourness and harshness to the taste. [Obs.] Horsley. 2. Severity of manners or life; extreme rigor or strictness; harsh discipline. The austerity of John the Baptist. Milton. 3. Plainness; freedom from adornment; severe simplicity. Partly owing to the studied austerity of her dress, and partly to the lack of demonstration in her manners. Hawthorne.


AUSTIN Austin, a. Defn: Augustinian; as, Austin friars.


AUSTRAL Austral, a. Etym: [L. australis, fr. auster: cf. F. austral.] Defn: Southern; lying or being in the south; as, austral land; austral ocean. Austral signs (Astron.), the last six signs of the zodiac, or those south of the equator.


AUSTRALASIAN Aus`tral*asian, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Australasia; as, Australasian regions. -- n. Defn: A native or an inhabitant of Australasia.


AUSTRALIAN Aus*trali*an, a. Etym: [From L. Terra Australis southern land.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Australia. -- n. Defn: A native or an inhabitant of Australia.


AUSTRALIAN BALLOT Aus*trali*an ballot. (Law) Defn: A system of balloting or voting in public elections, originally used in South Australia, in which there is such an arrangement for polling votes that secrecy is compulsorily maintained, and the ballot used is an official ballot printed and distributed by the government.

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