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ATTRIBUTIVE At*tribu*tive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. attributif.] Defn: Attributing; pertaining to, expressing, or assigning an attribute; of the nature of an attribute.


ATTRIBUTIVE At*tribu*tive, n., (Gram.) Defn: A word that denotes an attribute; esp. a modifying word joined to a noun; an adjective or adjective phrase.


ATTRIBUTIVELY At*tribu*tive*ly, adv. Defn: In an attributive manner.


ATTRITE At*trite, a. Etym: [L. attritus, p. p. of atterere; ad + terere to rub. See Trite.] 1. Rubbed; worn by friction. Milton. 2. (Theol.) Defn: Repentant from fear of punishment; having attrition of grief for sin; -- opposed to contrite.


ATTRITION At*trition, n. Etym: [L. attritio: cf. F. attrition.] 1. The act of rubbing together; friction; the act of wearing by friction, or by rubbing substances together; abrasion. Effected by attrition of the inward stomach. Arbuthnot. 2. The state of being worn. Johnson. 3. (Theol.) Defn: Grief for sin arising only from fear of punishment or feelings of shame. See Contrition. Wallis.


ATTRITUS At*tritus, n. [L. attritus, p. p. of atterere; ad + terere to rub.] Defn: Matter pulverized by attrition.


ATTRY Attry, a. Etym: [See Atter.] Defn: Poisonous; malignant; malicious. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ATTUNE At*tune, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Attuned (; p. pr. & vb. n. Attuning.] Etym: [Pref. ad- + tune.] 1. To tune or put in tune; to make melodious; to adjust, as one sound or musical instrument to another; as, to attune the voice to a harp. 2. To arrange fitly; to make accordant. Wake to energy each social aim, Attuned spontaneous to the will of Jove. Beattie.


ATWAIN A*twain, adv. Etym: [OE. atwaine, atwinne; pref. a- + twain.] Defn: In twain; asunder. [Obs. or Poetic] Cuts atwain the knots. Tennyson.


ATWEEN A*tween, adv. or prep. Etym: [See Atwain, and cf. Between.] Defn: Between. [Archaic] Spenser. Tennyson.


ATWIRL A*twirl, a. & adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + twist.] Defn: Twisted; distorted; awry. [R.] Halliwell.


ATWITE A*twite, v. t. Etym: [OE. attwyten, AS. ?twitan. See Twit.] Defn: To speak reproachfully of; to twit; to upbraid. [Obs.]


ATWIXT A*twixt, adv. Defn: Betwixt. [Obs.] Spenser.


ATWO A*two, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + two.] Defn: In two; in twain; asunder. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ATYPIC; ATYPICAL A*typic, A*typic*al, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + typic, typical.] Defn: That has no type; devoid of typical character; irregular; unlike the type.


AU FAIT Au` fait. Etym: [F. Lit., to the deed, act, or point. Fait is fr. L. factum. See Fact.] Defn: Expert; skillful; well instructed.


AU FOND Au` fond. [F., lit., at the bottom.] Defn: At bottom; fundamentally; essentially.


AU GRATIN Au` gra`tin. [F.] (Cookery) Defn: With a crust made by browning in the oven; as, spaghetti may be served au gratin.


AU REVOIR Au` re*voir. [F., lit., to the seeing again.] Defn: Good-by until we meet again.


AUBADE Au`bade, n. Etym: [F., fr. aube the dawn, fr. L. albus white.] Defn: An open air concert in the morning, as distinguished from an evening serenade; also, a pianoforte composition suggestive of morning. Grove. The crowing cock . . . Sang his aubade with lusty voice and clear. Longfellow.


AUBAINE Au`baine, n. Etym: [F., fr. aubain an alien, fr. L. alibi elsewhere.] Defn: Succession to the goods of a stranger not naturalized. Littr?. Droit d'aubaine (, the right, formerly possessed by the king of France, to all the personal property of which an alien died possessed. It was abolished in 1819. Bouvier.


AUBE Aube, n. Etym: [See Ale.] Defn: An alb. [Obs.] Fuller.


AUBERGE Au`berge, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: An inn. Beau. & Fl.


AUBIN Aubin, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: A broken gait of a horse, between an amble and a gallop; -- commonly called a Canterbury gallop.


AUBURN Auburn, a. Etym: [OE. auburne blonde, OF. alborne, auborne, fr. LL. alburnus whitish, fr. L. albus white. Cf. Alburn.] 1. Flaxen-colored. [Obs.] Florio. 2. Reddish brown. His auburn locks on either shoulder flowed. Dryden.


AUCHENIUM Au*cheni*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The part of the neck nearest the back.


AUCTARY Aucta*ry, n. Etym: [L. auctarium.] Defn: That which is superadded; augmentation. [Obs.] Baxter.


AUCTION Auction, n. Etym: [L. auctio an increasing, a public sale, where the price was called out, and the article to be sold was adjudged to the last increaser of the price, or the highest bidder, fr. L. augere, auctum, to increase. See Augment.] 1. A public sale of property to the highest bidder, esp. by a person licensed and authorized for the purpose; a vendue. 2. The things sold by auction or put up to auction. Ask you why Phryne the whole auction buys Pope. Note: In the United States, the more prevalent expression has been sales at auction, that is, by an increase of bids (Lat. auctione). This latter form is preferable. Dutch auction, the public offer of property at a price beyond its value, then gradually lowering the price, till some one accepts it as purchaser. P. Cyc.


AUCTION Auction, v. t. Defn: To sell by auction.


AUCTION BRIDGE Auction bridge. Defn: A variety of the game of bridge in which the players, beginning with the dealer, bid for the privilege of naming the trump and playing with the dummy for that deal, there being heavy penalties for a player's failure to make good his bid. The score value of each trick more than six taken by the successful bidder is as follows: when the trump is spades, 2; clubs, 6; diamonds, 7; hearts, 8; royal spades (lilies), 9; and when the deal is played with no trump, 10.


AUCTION PITCH Auction pitch. Defn: A game of cards in which the players bid for the privilege of determining or pitching the trump suit. R. F. Foster.


AUCTIONARY Auction*a*ry, a. Etym: [L. auctionarius.] Defn: Of or pertaining to an auction or an auctioneer. [R.] With auctionary hammer in thy hand. Dryden.


AUCTIONEER Auc`tion*eer, n. Defn: A person who sells by auction; a person whose business it is to dispose of goods or lands by public sale to the highest or best bidder.


AUCTIONEER Auc`tion*eer, v. t. Defn: To sell by auction; to auction. Estates . . . advertised and auctioneered away. Cowper.


AUCUPATION Au`cu*pation, n. Etym: [L. aucupatio, fr. auceps, contr. for aviceps; avis bird + capere to take.] Defn: Birdcatching; fowling. [Obs.] Blount.


AUDACIOUS Au*dacious, a. Etym: [F. audacieux, as if fr. LL. audaciosus (not found), fr. L. audacia audacity, fr. audax, -acis, bold, fr. audere to dare.] 1. Daring; spirited; adventurous. As in a cloudy chair, ascending rides Audacious. Milton. 2. Contemning the restraints of law, religion, or decorum; bold in wickedness; presumptuous; impudent; insolent. Audacious traitor. Shak. Such audacious neighborhood. Milton. 3. Committed with, or proceedings from, daring effrontery or contempt of law, morality, or decorum. Audacious cruelty. Audacious prate. Shak.


AUDACIOUSLY Au*dacious*ly, adv. Defn: In an audacious manner; with excess of boldness; impudently.


AUDACIOUSNESS Au*dacious*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being audacious; impudence; audacity.


AUDACITY Au*daci*ty, n. 1. Daring spirit, resolution, or confidence; venturesomeness. The freedom and audacity necessary in the commerce of men. Tatler. 2. Reckless daring; presumptuous impudence; -- implying a contempt of law or moral restraints. With the most arrogant audacity. Joye.


AUDIBILITY Au`di*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being audible; power of being heard; audible capacity.


AUDIBLE Audi*ble, a. Etym: [LL. audibilis, fr. L. audire, auditum, to hear: cf. Gr. auris, and E. ear.] Defn: Capable of being heard; loud enough to be heard; actually heard; as, an audible voice or whisper.


AUDIBLE Audi*ble, n. Defn: That which may be heard. [Obs.] Visibles are swiftlier carried to the sense than audibles. Bacon.


AUDIBLENESS Audi*ble*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being audible.


AUDIBLY Audi*bly, adv. Defn: So as to be heard.


AUDIENCE Audi*ence, n. Etym: [F. audience, L. audientia, fr. audire to hear. See Audible, a.] 1. The act of hearing; attention to sounds. Thou, therefore, give due audience, and attend. Milton. 2. Admittance to a hearing; a formal interview, esp. with a sovereign or the head of a government, for conference or the transaction of business. According to the fair play of the world, Let me have audience: I am sent to speak. Shak. 3. An auditory; an assembly of hearers. Also applied by authors to their readers. Fit audience find, though few. Milton. He drew his audience upward to the sky. Dryden. Court of audience, or Audience court (Eng.), a court long since disused, belonging to the Archbishop of Canterbury; also, one belonging to the Archbishop of York. Mozley & W. -- In general (or open) audience, publicly. -- To give audience, to listen; to admit to an interview.


AUDIENT Audi*ent, a. Etym: [L. audiens, p. pr. of audire. See Audible, a.] Defn: Listening; paying attention; as, audient souls. Mrs. Browning.


AUDIENT Audi*ent, n. Defn: A hearer; especially a catechumen in the early church. [Obs.] Shelton.


AUDILE Audile, n. [L. audire to hear.] (Psychol.) Defn: One whose thoughts take the form of mental sounds or of internal discourse rather than of visual or motor images.


AUDIOMETER Au`di*ome*ter, n. Etym: [L. audire to hear + -meter.] (Acous.) Defn: An instrument by which the power of hearing can be gauged and recorded on a scale.


AUDIPHONE Audi*phone, n. Etym: [L. audire to hear + Gr. Defn: An instrument which, placed against the teeth, conveys sound to the auditory nerve and enables the deaf to hear more or less distinctly; a dentiphone.


AUDIT Audit, n. Etym: [L. auditus a hearing, fr. audire. See Audible, a.] 1. An audience; a hearing. [Obs.] He appeals to a high audit. Milton. 2. An examination in general; a judicial examination. Note: Specifically: An examination of an account or of accounts, with the hearing of the parties concerned, by proper officers, or persons appointed for that purpose, who compare the charges with the vouchers, examine witnesses, and state the result. 3. The result of such an examination, or an account as adjusted by auditors; final account. Yet I can make my audit up. Shak. 4. A general receptacle or receiver. [Obs.] It [a little brook] paid to its common audit no more than the revenues of a little cloud. Jer. Taylor. Audit ale, a kind of ale, brewed at the English universities, orig. for the day of audit. -- Audit house, Audit room, an appendage to a cathedral, for the transaction of its business.


AUDIT Audit, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Audited; p. pr. & vb. n. Auditing.] Defn: To examine and adjust, as an account or accounts; as, to audit the accounts of a treasure, or of parties who have a suit depending in court.


AUDIT Audit, v. i. Defn: To settle or adjust an account. Let Hocus audit; he knows how the money was disbursed. Arbuthnot.


AUDITA QUERELA Au*dita que*rela. Etym: [L., the complaint having been heard.] (Law) Defn: A writ which lies for a party against whom judgment is recovered, but to whom good matter of discharge has subsequently accrued which could not have been availed of to prevent such judgment. Wharton.


AUDITION Au*dition, n. Etym: [L. auditio.] Defn: The act of hearing or listening; hearing. Audition may be active or passive; hence the difference between listening and simple hearing. Dunglison.


AUDITIVE Audi*tive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. auditif.] Defn: Of or pertaining to hearing; auditory. [R.] Cotgrave.


AUDITOR Audi*tor, n. Etym: [L. auditor, fr. audire. See Audible, a.] 1. A hearer or listener. Macaulay. 2. A person appointed and authorized to audit or examine an account or accounts, compare the charges with the vouchers, examine the parties and witnesses, allow or reject charges, and state the balance. 3. One who hears judicially, as in an audience court. Note: In the United States government, and in the State governments, there are auditors of the treasury and of the public accounts. The name is also applied to persons employed to check the accounts of courts, corporations, companies, societies, and partnerships.


AUDITORIAL Au`di*tori*al, a. Defn: Auditory. [R.]


AUDITORIUM Au`di*tori*um, n. Etym: [L. See Auditory, n.] Defn: The part of a church, theater, or other public building, assigned to the audience. Note: In ancient churches the auditorium was the nave, where hearers stood to be instructed; in monasteries it was an apartment for the reception of strangers.


AUDITORSHIP Audi*tor*ship, n. Defn: The office or function of auditor.


AUDITORY Audi*to*ry, a. Etym: [L. auditorius.] Defn: Of or pertaining to hearing, or to the sense or organs of hearing; as, the auditory nerve. See Ear. Auditory canal (Anat.), the tube from the auditory meatus or opening of the ear to the tympanic membrane.


AUDITORY Audi*to*ry, n. Etym: [L. auditorium.] 1. An assembly of hearers; an audience. 2. An auditorium. Udall.


AUDITRESS Audi*tress, n. Defn: A female hearer. Milton.


AUDITUAL Au*ditu*al, a. Defn: Auditory. [R.] Coleridge.


AUF Auf, n. Etym: [OE. auph, aulf, fr. Icel. alfr elf. See Elf.] [Also spelt oaf, ouphe.] Defn: A changeling or elf child, -- that is, one left by fairies; a deformed or foolish child; a simpleton; an oaf. [Obs.] Drayton.


AUFKLARUNG Aufkl?*rung, n. [G., enlightenment.] Defn: A philosophic movement of the 18th century characterized by a lively questioning of authority, keen interest in matters of politics and general culture, and an emphasis on empirical method in science. It received its impetus from the unsystematic but vigorous skepticism of Pierre Bayle, the physical doctrines of Newton, and the epistemological theories of Locke, in the preceding century. Its chief center was in France, where it gave rise to the skepticism of Voltaire , the naturalism of Rousseau, the sensationalism of Condillac, and the publication of the Encyclopedia by D'Alembert and Diderot. In Germany, Lessing, Mendelssohn, and Herder were representative thinkers, while the political doctrines of the leaders of the American Revolution and the speculations of Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Paine represented the movement in America.


AUGEAN Au*gean, a. 1. (Class. Myth.) Defn: Of or pertaining to Augeus, king of Elis, whose stable contained 3000 oxen, and had not been cleaned for 30 years. Hercules cleansed it in a single day. 2. Hence: Exceedingly filthy or corrupt. Augean stable (Fig.), an accumulation of corruption or filth almost beyond the power of man to remedy.


AUGER Auger, n. Etym: [OE. augoure, nauger, AS. nafegar, fr. nafu, nafa, nave of a wheel + gar spear, and therefore meaning properly and originally a nave-bore. See Nave (of a wheel) and 2d Gore, n.] 1. A carpenter's tool for boring holes larger than those bored by a gimlet. It has a handle placed crosswise by which it is turned with both hands. A pod auger is one with a straight channel or groove, like the half of a bean pod. A screw auger has a twisted blade, by the spiral groove of which the chips are discharge. 2. An instrument for boring or perforating soils or rocks, for determining the quality of soils, or the nature of the rocks or strata upon which they lie, and for obtaining water. Auger bit, a bit with a cutting edge or blade like that of an anger.


AUGET Au*get, n. Etym: [F., dim. of auge trough, fr. L. alveus hollow, fr. alvus belly.] (Mining) Defn: A priming tube connecting the charge chamber with the gallery, or place where the slow match is applied. Knight.


AUGHT Aught, n. Etym: [OE. aught, ought, awiht, AS. awiht, a ever + wiht. *136. See Aye ever, and Whit, Wight.] Defn: Anything; any part. [Also written ought.] There failed not aught of any good thing which the Lord has spoken. Josh. xxi. 45 But go, my son, and see if aught be wanting. Addison.


AUGHT Aught, adv. Defn: At all; in any degree. Chaucer.


AUGHT; AUCHT Aught, Aucht, n. Etym: [AS. , fr. agan to own, p. p. ahte.] Defn: Property; possession. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


AUGITE Augite, n. Etym: [L. augites, Gr. augite.] Defn: A variety of pyroxene, usually of a black or dark green color, occurring in igneous rocks, such as basalt; -- also used instead of the general term pyroxene.


AUGITIC Au*gitic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or like, augite; containing augite as a principal constituent; as, augitic rocks.


AUGMENT Aug*ment, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Augmented; p. pr. & vb. n. Augmenting.] Etym: [L. augmentare, fr. augmentum an increase, fr. augere to increase; perh. akin to Gr. wax, v., and eke, v.: cf. F. augmenter.] 1. To enlarge or increase in size, amount, or degree; to swell; to make bigger; as, to augment an army by re?forcements; rain augments a stream; impatience augments an evil. But their spite still serves His glory to augment. Milton. 2. (Gram.) Defn: To add an augment to.


AUGMENT Aug*ment, v. i. Defn: To increase; to grow larger, stronger, or more intense; as, a stream augments by rain.


AUGMENT Augment, n. Etym: [L. augmentum: cf. F. augment.] 1. Enlargement by addition; increase. 2. (Gram.) Defn: A vowel prefixed, or a lengthening of the initial vowel, to mark past time, as in Greek and Sanskrit verbs. Note: In Greek, the syllabic augment is a prefixed temporal augment is an increase of the quantity (time) of an initial vowel, as by changing


AUGMENTABLE Aug*menta*ble, a. Defn: Capable of augmentation. Walsh.


AUGMENTATION Aug`men*tation, n. Etym: [LL. augmentatio: cf. F. augmentation.] 1. The act or process of augmenting, or making larger, by addition, expansion, or dilation; increase. 2. The state of being augmented; enlargement. 3. The thing added by way of enlargement. 4. (Her.) Defn: A additional charge to a coat of arms, given as a mark of honor. Cussans. 5. (Med.) Defn: The stage of a disease in which the symptoms go on increasing. Dunglison. 6. (Mus.) Defn: In counterpoint and fugue, a repetition of the subject in tones of twice the original length. Augmentation court (Eng. Hist.), a court erected by Stat. 27 Hen. VIII., to augment to revenues of the crown by the suppression of monasteries. It was long ago dissolved. Encyc. Brit. Syn. -- Increase; enlargement; growth; extension; accession; addition.


AUGMENTATIVE Aug*menta*tive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. augmentatif.] Defn: Having the quality or power of augmenting; expressing augmentation. -- Aug*menta*tive*ly, adv.


AUGMENTATIVE Aug*menta*tive, n. (Gram.) Defn: A word which expresses with augmented force the idea or the properties of the term from which it is derived; as, dullard, one very dull. Opposed to diminutive. Gibbs.


AUGMENTER Aug*menter, n. Defn: One who, or that which, augments or increases anything.


AUGRIM Augrim, n. Defn: See Algorism. [Obs.] Chaucer. Augrim stones, pebbles formerly used in numeration. -- Noumbres of Augrim, Arabic numerals. Chaucer.


AUGUR Augur, n. Etym: [L. Of uncertain origin: the first part of the word is perh. fr. L. avis bird, and the last syllable, gur, equiv. to the Skr. gar to call, akin to L. garrulus garrulous.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: An official diviner who foretold events by the singing, chattering, flight, and feeding of birds, or by signs or omens derived from celestial phenomena, certain appearances of quadrupeds, or unusual occurrences. 2. One who foretells events by omens; a soothsayer; a diviner; a prophet. Augur of ill, whose tongue was never found Without a priestly curse or boding sound. Dryden.


AUGUR Augur, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Augured (; p. pr. & vb. n. Auguring.] 1. To conjecture from signs or omens; to prognosticate; to foreshow. My auguring mind assures the same success. Dryden. 2. To anticipate, to foretell, or to indicate a favorable or an unfavorable issue; as, to augur well or ill.


AUGUR Augur, v. t. Defn: To predict or foretell, as from signs or omens; to betoken; to presage; to infer. It seems to augur genius. Sir W. Scott. I augur everything from the approbation the proposal has met with. J. F. W. Herschel. Syn. -- To predict; forebode; betoken; portend; presage; prognosticate; prophesy; forewarn.


AUGURAL Augu*ral, a. Etym: [L. auguralis.] Defn: Of or pertaining to augurs or to augury; betokening; ominous; significant; as, an augural staff; augural books. Portents augural. Cowper.


AUGURATE Augu*rate, v. t. & i. Etym: [L. auguratus, p. p. of augurari to augur.] Defn: To make or take auguries; to augur; to predict. [Obs.] C. Middleton.


AUGURATE Augu*rate, n. Defn: The office of an augur. Merivale.


AUGURATION Au`gu*ration, n. Etym: [L. auguratio.] Defn: The practice of augury.


AUGURER Augur*er, n. Defn: An augur. [Obs.] Shak.


AUGURIAL Au*guri*al, a. Etym: [L. augurialis.] Defn: Relating to augurs or to augury. Sir T. Browne.


AUGURIST Augu*rist, n. Defn: An augur. [R.]


AUGURIZE Augur*ize, v. t. Defn: To augur. [Obs.] Blount.


AUGURIZE Augur*ize, v. t. Defn: To augur. [Obs.] Blount.


AUGUROUS Augu*rous, a. Defn: Full of augury; foreboding. [Obs.] Augurous hearts. Chapman.


AUGURSHIP Augur*ship, n. Defn: The office, or period of office, of an augur. Bacon.


AUGURY Augu*ry, n.; pl. Auguries (. Etym: [L. aucurium.] 1. The art or practice of foretelling events by observing the actions of birds, etc.; divination. 2. An omen; prediction; prognostication; indication of the future; presage. From their flight strange auguries she drew. Drayton. He resigned himself . . . with a docility that gave little augury of his future greatness. Prescott. 3. A rite, ceremony, or observation of an augur.


AUGUST Au*gust, a. Etym: [L. augustus; cf. augere to increase; in the language of religion, to honor by offerings: cf. F. auguste. See Augment.] Defn: Of a quality inspiring mingled admiration and reverence; having an aspect of solemn dignity or grandeur; sublime; majestic; having exalted birth, character, state, or authority. Forms august. Pope. August in visage. Dryden. To shed that august blood. Macaulay. So beautiful and so august a spectacle. Burke. To mingle with a body so august. Byron. Syn. -- Grand; magnificent; majestic; solemn; awful; noble; stately; dignified; imposing.


AUGUST August, n. Etym: [L. Augustus. See note below, and August, a.] Defn: The eighth month of the year, containing thirty-one days. Note: The old Roman name was Sextilis, the sixth month from March, the month in which the primitive Romans, as well as Jews, began the year. The name was changed to August in honor of Augustus C?sar, the first emperor of Rome, on account of his victories, and his entering on his first consulate in that month.

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