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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ATMO

ATMO Atmo, n. Etym: [Contr. fr. atmosphere.] (Physics) Defn: The standard atmospheric pressure used in certain physical measurements calculations; conventionally, that pressure under which the barometer stands at 760 millimeters, at a temperature of 0? Centigrade, at the level of the sea, and in the latitude of Paris. Sir W. Thomson.

ATMOLOGIC; ATMOLOGICAL

ATMOLOGIC; ATMOLOGICAL At`mo*logic, At`mo*logic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to atmology. Atmological laws of heat. Whewell.

ATMOLOGIST

ATMOLOGIST At*molo*gist, n. Defn: One who is versed in atmology.

ATMOLOGY

ATMOLOGY At*molo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] (Physics) Defn: That branch of science which treats of the laws and phenomena of aqueous vapor. Whewell.

ATMOLYSIS

ATMOLYSIS At*moly*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.) Defn: The act or process of separating mingled gases of unequal diffusibility by transmission through porous substances.

ATMOLYZATION

ATMOLYZATION At`mol*y*zation, n. (Chem.) Defn: Separation by atmolysis.

ATMOLYZE

ATMOLYZE Atmo*lyze, v. t. (Chem.) Defn: To subject to atmolysis; to separate by atmolysis.

ATMOLYZER

ATMOLYZER Atmo*ly`zer, n. (Chem.) Defn: An apparatus for effecting atmolysis.

ATMOMETER

ATMOMETER At*mome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter: cf. F. atmom?tre.] Defn: An instrument for measuring the rate of evaporation from a moist surface; an evaporometer. Huxley.

ATMOSPHERE

ATMOSPHERE Atmos*phere, n. Etym: [Gr. atman breath, soul, G. athem breath) + atmosph?re. See Sphere.] 1. (Physics) (a) The whole mass of a?riform fluid surrounding the earth; -- applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars. (b) Any gaseous envelope or medium. An atmosphere of cold oxygen. Miller. 2. A supposed medium around various bodies; as, electrical atmosphere, a medium formerly supposed to surround electrical bodies. Franklin. 3. The pressure or weight of the air at the sea level, on a unit of surface, or about 14.7 Ibs. to the sq. inch. Hydrogen was liquefied under a pressure of 650 atmospheres. Lubbock. 4. Any surrounding or pervading influence or condition. The chillest of social atmospheres. Hawthorne. 5. The portion of air in any locality, or affected by a special physical or sanitary condition; as, the atmosphere of the room; a moist or noxious atmosphere.

ATMOSPHERIC; ATMOSPHERICAL

ATMOSPHERIC; ATMOSPHERICAL At`mos*pheric, At`mos*pheric*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. atmosph?rique.] 1. Of or pertaining to the atmosphere; of the nature of, or resembling, the atmosphere; as, atmospheric air; the atmospheric envelope of the earth. 2. Existing in the atmosphere. The lower atmospheric current. Darwin. 3. Caused, or operated on, by the atmosphere; as, an atmospheric effect; an atmospheric engine. 4. Dependent on the atmosphere. [R.] In am so atmospherical a creature. Pope. Atmospheric engine, a steam engine whose piston descends by the pressure of the atmosphere, when the steam which raised it is condensed within the cylinder. Tomlinson. -- Atmospheric line (Steam Engin.), the equilibrium line of an indicator card. Steam is expanded down to the atmosphere when its pressure is equal to that of the atmosphere. (See Indicator card.) -- Atmospheric pressure, the pressure exerted by the atmosphere, not merely downwards, but in every direction. In amounts to about 14.7 Ibs. on each square inch. -- Atmospheric railway, one in which pneumatic power, obtained from compressed air or the creation of a vacuum, is the propelling force. -- Atmospheric tides. See under Tide.

ATMOSPHERICALLY

ATMOSPHERICALLY At`mos*pheric*al*ly, adv. Defn: In relation to the atmosphere.

ATMOSPHEROLOGY

ATMOSPHEROLOGY At`mos*phe*rolo*gy, n. Etym: [Atmosphere + -logy.] Defn: The science or a treatise on the atmosphere.

ATOKOUS

ATOKOUS Ato*kous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Producing only asexual individuals, as the eggs of certain annelids.

ATOLE

ATOLE A*tole, n. [Mex. Sp.] Defn: A porridge or gruel of maize meal and water, milk, or the like. [Sp. Amer.]

ATOLL

ATOLL A*toll, n. Etym: [The native name in the Indian Ocean.] Defn: A coral island or islands, consisting of a belt of coral reef, partly submerged, surrounding a central lagoon or depression; a lagoon island.

ATOM

ATOM Atom, n. Etym: [L. atomus, Gr. atome. See Tome.] 1. (Physics) (a) An ultimate indivisible particle of matter. (b) An ultimate particle of matter not necessarily indivisible; a molecule. (c) A constituent particle of matter, or a molecule supposed to be made up of subordinate particles. Note: These three definitions correspond to different views of the nature of the ultimate particles of matter. In the case of the last two, the particles are more correctly called molecules. Dana. 2. (Chem.) Defn: The smallest particle of matter that can enter into combination; one of the elementary constituents of a molecule. 3. Anything extremely small; a particle; a whit. There was not an atom of water. Sir J. Ross.

ATOM

ATOM Atom, v. t. Defn: To reduce to atoms. [Obs.] Feltham.

ATOMIC; ATOMICAL

ATOMIC; ATOMICAL A*tomic, A*tomic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. atomique.] 1. Of or pertaining to atoms. 2. Extremely minute; tiny. Atomic philosophy, or Doctrine of atoms, a system which assuming that atoms are endued with gravity and motion accounted thus for the origin and formation of all things. This philosophy was first broached by Leucippus, was developed by Democritus, and afterward improved by Epicurus, and hence is sometimes denominated the Epicurean philosophy. -- Atomic theory, or the Doctrine of definite proportions (Chem.), teaches that chemical combinations take place between the supposed ultimate particles or atoms of bodies, in some simple ratio, as of one to one, two to three, or some other, always expressible in whole numbers. -- Atomic weight (Chem.), the weight of the atom of an element as compared with the weight of the atom of hydrogen, taken as a standard.

ATOMICALLY

ATOMICALLY A*tomic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an atomic manner; in accordance with the atomic philosophy.

ATOMICIAN

ATOMICIAN At`o*mician, n. Defn: An atomist. [R.]

ATOMICISM

ATOMICISM A*tomi*cism, n. Defn: Atomism. [Obs.]

ATOMICITY

ATOMICITY At`o*mici*ty, n. Etym: [Cf. F. atomicit?.] (Chem.) Defn: Degree of atomic attraction; equivalence; valence; also (a later use) the number of atoms in an elementary molecule. See Valence.

ATOMISM

ATOMISM Atom*ism, n. Etym: [Cf. F. atomisme.] Defn: The doctrine of atoms. See Atomic philosophy, under Atomic.

ATOMIST

ATOMIST Atom*ist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. atomiste.] Defn: One who holds to the atomic philosophy or theory. Locke.

ATOMISTIC

ATOMISTIC At`om*istic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to atoms; relating to atomism. [R.] It is the object of the mechanical atomistic philosophy to confound synthesis with synartesis. Coleridge.

ATOMIZATION

ATOMIZATION At`om*i*zation, n. 1. The act of reducing to atoms, or very minute particles; or the state of being so reduced. 2. (Med.) Defn: The reduction of fluids into fine spray.

ATOMIZE

ATOMIZE Atom*ize, v. t. Defn: To reduce to atoms, or to fine spray. The liquids in the form of spray are said to be pulverized, nebulized, or atomized. Dunglison.

ATOMIZER

ATOMIZER Atom*i`zer, n. Defn: One who, or that which, atomizes; esp., an instrument for reducing a liquid to spray for disinfecting, cooling, or perfuming.

ATOMOLOGY

ATOMOLOGY At`om*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Atom + -logy.] Defn: The doctrine of atoms. Cudworth.

ATOMY

ATOMY Atom*y, n. Defn: An atom; a mite; a pigmy.

ATOMY

ATOMY Ato*my, n. Etym: [For anatomy, taken as an atomy.] Defn: A skeleton. [Ludicrous] Shak.

ATONABLE

ATONABLE A*tona*ble, a. Defn: Admitting an atonement; capable of being atoned for; expiable.

ATONE

ATONE A*tone, v. t. 1. To set at one; to reduce to concord; to reconcile, as parties at variance; to appease. [Obs.] I would do much To atone them, for the love I bear to Cassio. Shak. 2. To unite in making. [Obs. & R.] The four elements . . . have atoned A noble league. Ford. 3. To make satisfaction for; to expiate. Or each atone his guilty love with life. Pope.

ATONEMENT

ATONEMENT A*tonement, n. 1. (Literally, a setting at one.) Reconciliation; restoration of friendly relations; agreement; concord. [Archaic] By whom we have now received the atonement. Rom. v. 11. He desires to make atonement Betwixt the Duke of Gloucester and your brothers. Shak. 2. Satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing of suffering that which will be received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; expiation; amends; -- with for. Specifically, in theology: The expiation of sin made by the obedience, personal suffering, and death of Christ. When a man has been guilty of any vice, the best atonement be can make for it is, to warn others. Spectator. The Phocians behaved with, so much gallantry, that they were thought to have made a sufficient atonement for their former offense. Potter.

ATONER

ATONER A*toner, n. Defn: One who makes atonement.

ATONES

ATONES At*ones, adv. Defn: Etym: [See At one.] [Obs.] Down he fell atones as a stone. Chaucer.

ATONIC

ATONIC A*tonic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. atonique. See Atony.] 1. (Med.) Defn: Characterized by atony, or want of vital energy; as, an atonic disease. 2. (Gram.) Defn: Unaccented; as, an atonic syllable. 3. Destitute of tone vocality; surd. Rush.

ATONIC

ATONIC A*tonic, n. 1. (Gram.) Defn: A word that has no accent. 2. An element of speech entirely destitute of vocality, or produced by the breath alone; a nonvocal or surd consonant; a breathing. Rush. 3. (Med.) Defn: A remedy capable of allaying organic excitement or irritation. Dunglison.

ATONY

ATONY Ato*ny, n. Etym: [Gr. atonie.] (Med.) Defn: Want of tone; weakness of the system, or of any organ, especially of such as are contractile.

ATOP

ATOP A*top, adv. Defn: On or at the top. Milton.

ATRABILARIAN

ATRABILARIAN At`ra*bi*lari*an, n. Defn: A person much given to melancholy; a hypochondriac. I. Disraeli.

ATRABILARIAN; ATRABILARIOUS

ATRABILARIAN; ATRABILARIOUS At`ra*bi*lari*an, At`ra*bi*lari*ous, a. Etym: [LL. atrabilarius, fr. L. atra bilis black bile: cf. F. atrabilaire, fr. atrabile.] Defn: Affected with melancholy; atrabilious. Arbuthnot.

ATRABILIAR

ATRABILIAR At`ra*biliar, a. Defn: Melancholy; atrabilious.

ATRABILIARY

ATRABILIARY At`ra*bilia*ry, a. 1. Of or pertaining to atra bilis or black bile, a fluid formerly supposed to be produced by the kidneys. 2. Melancholic or hypohondriac; atrabilious; -- from the supposed predominance of black bile, to the influence of which the ancients attributed hypochondria, melancholy, and mania. Atrabiliary arteries, capsules, and veins (Anat.), those pertaining to the kidney; -- called also renal arteries, capsules, and veins.

ATRABILIOUS

ATRABILIOUS At`ra*bilious, a. Defn: Melancholic or hypochondriac; atrabiliary. Dunglision. A hard-faced, atrabilious, earnest-eyed race. Lowell. He was constitutionally atrabilious and scornful. Froude.

ATRAMENTACEOUS

ATRAMENTACEOUS At`ra*men*taceous, a. Etym: [L. atramentum ink, fr. ater black.] Defn: Black, like ink; inky; atramental. [Obs.] Derham.

ATRAMENTAL; ATRAMENTOUS

ATRAMENTAL; ATRAMENTOUS At`ra*mental, At`ra*mentous, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to ink; inky; black, like ink; as, atramental galls; atramentous spots.

ATRAMENTARIOUS

ATRAMENTARIOUS At`ra*men*tari*ous, a. Etym: [Cf. F. atramentaire. See Atramentaceous.] Defn: Like ink; suitable for making ink. Sulphate of iron (copperas, green vitriol) is called atramentarious, as being used in making ink.

ATREDE

ATREDE At*rede, v. t. Etym: [OE. at (AS. ?t) out + rede.] Defn: To surpass in council. [Obs.] Men may the olde atrenne, but hat atrede. Chaucer.

ATRENNE

ATRENNE At*renne, v. t. Etym: [OE. at + renne to run.] Defn: To outrun. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ATRESIA

ATRESIA A*tresi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Absence or closure of a natural passage or channel of the body; imperforation.

ATRIAL

ATRIAL Atri*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an atrium.

ATRIP

ATRIP A*trip, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + trip.] (Naut.) (a) Just hove clear of the ground; -said of the anchor. (b) Sheeted home, hoisted taut up and ready for trimming; -- said of sails. (c) Hoisted up and ready to be swayed across; -- said of yards.

ATRIUM

ATRIUM Atri*um, n.; pl. Atria. Etym: [L., the fore court of a Roman house.] 1. (Arch.) (a) A square hall lighted from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels. (b) An open court with a porch or gallery around three or more sides; especially at the entrance of a basilica or other church. The name was extended in the Middle Ages to the open churchyard or cemetery. 2. (Anat.) Defn: The main part of either auricle of the heart as distinct from the auricular appendix. Also, the whole articular portion of the heart. 3. (Zo?l.) Defn: A cavity in ascidians into which the intestine and generative ducts open, and which also receives the water from the gills. See Ascidioidea.

ATROCHA

ATROCHA At`ro*cha, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A kind of ch?topod larva in which no circles of cilia are developed.

ATROCIOUS

ATROCIOUS A*trocious, a. Etym: [L. atrox, atrocis, cruel, fierce: cf. F. atroce.] 1. Extremely heinous; full of enormous wickedness; as, atrocious quilt or deeds. 2. Characterized by, or expressing, great atrocity, great atrocity. Revelations . . . so atrocious that nothing in history approaches them. De Quincey. 3. Very grievous or violent; terrible; as, atrocious distempers. [Obs.] Cheyne. Syn. -- Atrocious, Flagitious, Flagrant. Flagitious points to an act as grossly wicked and vile; as, a flagitious proposal. Flagrant marks the vivid impression made upon the mind by something strikingly wrong or erroneous; as, a flagrant misrepresentation; a flagrant violation of duty. Atrocious represents the act as springing from a violent and savage spirit. If Lord Chatham, instead of saying the atrocious crime of being a young man, had used either of the other two words, his irony would have lost all its point, in his celebrated reply to Sir Robert Walpole, as reported by Dr. Johnson. -- A*trocious*ly, adv. -- A*trocious*ness, n.

ATROCITY

ATROCITY A*troci*ty, n.; pl. Atrocities. Etym: [F. atrocit?, L. atrocitas, fr. atrox, atrocis, cruel.] 1. Enormous wickedness; extreme heinousness or cruelty. 2. An atrocious or extremely cruel deed. The atrocities which attend a victory. Macaulay.

ATROPHIC

ATROPHIC A*trophic, a. Defn: Relating to atrophy.

ATROPHIED

ATROPHIED Atro*phied, p. a. Defn: Affected with atrophy, as a tissue or organ; arrested in development at a very early stage; rudimentary.

ATROPHY

ATROPHY Atro*phy, n. Etym: [L. atrophia, Gr. atrophie.] Defn: A wasting away from want of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part. Milton.

ATROPHY

ATROPHY Atro*phy, v. t. [p. p. Atrophied.] Defn: To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken.

ATROPHY

ATROPHY Atro*phy, v. i. Defn: To waste away; to dwindle.

ATROPIA

ATROPIA A*tropi*a, n. Defn: Same as Atropine.

ATROPINE

ATROPINE Atro*pine, n. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.) Defn: A poisonous, white, crystallizable alkaloid, extracted from the Atropa belladonna, or deadly nightshade, and the Datura Stramonium, or thorn apple. It is remarkable for its power in dilating the pupil of the eye. Called also daturine.

ATROPISM

ATROPISM Atro*pism, n. (Med.) Defn: A condition of the system produced by long use of belladonna.

ATROPOUS

ATROPOUS Atro*pous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Not inverted; orthotropous.

ATROUS

ATROUS Atrous, a. Etym: [L. ater.] Defn: Coal-black; very black.

ATRYPA

ATRYPA A*trypa, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A extinct genus of Branchiopoda, very common in Silurian limestones.

ATTABAL

ATTABAL Atta*bal, n. Defn: See Atabal.

ATTACCA

ATTACCA At*tacca. Etym: [It., fr. attaccare to tie, bind. See Attach.] (Mus.) Defn: Attack at once; -- a direction at the end of a movement to show that the next is to follow immediately, without any pause.

ATTACH

ATTACH At*tach, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Attached; p. pr. & vb. n. Attaching.] Etym: [OF. atachier, F. attacher, to tie or fasten: cf. Celt. tac, tach, nail, E. tack a small nail, tack to fasten. Cf. Attack, and see Tack.] 1. To bind, fasten, tie, or connect; to make fast or join; as, to attach one thing to another by a string, by glue, or the like. The shoulder blade is . . . attached only to the muscles. Paley. A huge stone to which the cable was attached. Macaulay. 2. To connect; to place so as to belong; to assign by authority; to appoint; as, an officer is attached to a certain regiment, company, or ship. 3. To win the heart of; to connect by ties of love or self-interest; to attract; to fasten or bind by moral influence; -- with to; as, attached to a friend; attaching others to us by wealth or flattery. Incapable of attaching a sensible man. Miss Austen. God . . . by various ties attaches man to man. Cowper. 4. To connect, in a figurative sense; to ascribe or attribute; to affix; -- with to; as, to attach great importance to a particular circumstance. Top this treasure a curse is attached. Bayard Taylor. 5. To take, seize, or lay hold of. [Obs.] Shak. 6. To take by legal authority: (a) To arrest by writ, and bring before a court, as to answer for a debt, or a contempt; -- applied to a taking of the person by a civil process; being now rarely used for the arrest of a criminal. (b) To seize or take (goods or real estate) by virtue of a writ or precept to hold the same to satisfy a judgment which may be rendered in the suit. See Attachment, 4. The earl marshal attached Gloucester for high treason. Miss Yonge. Attached column (Arch.), a column engaged in a wall, so that only a part of its circumference projects from it. Syn. -- To affix; bind; tie; fasten; connect; conjoin; subjoin; annex; append; win; gain over; conciliate.

ATTACH

ATTACH At*tach, v. i. 1. To adhere; to be attached. The great interest which attaches to the mere knowledge of these facts cannot be doubted. Brougham. 2. To come into legal operation in connection with anything; to vest; as, dower will attach. Cooley.

ATTACH

ATTACH At*tach, n. Defn: An attachment. [Obs.] Pope.

ATTACHABLE

ATTACHABLE At*tacha*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being attached; esp., liable to be taken by writ or precept.

ATTACHE

ATTACHE At`ta*ch?, n. Etym: [F., p. p. of attacher. See Attach, v. t.] Defn: One attached to another person or thing, as a part of a suite or staff. Specifically: One attached to an embassy.

ATTACHMENT

ATTACHMENT At*tachment, n. Etym: [F. attachment.] 1. The act attaching, or state of being attached; close adherence or affection; fidelity; regard; anas, an attachment to a friend, or to a party. 2. That by which one thing is attached to another; connection; as, to cut the attachments of a muscle. The human mind . . . has exhausted its forces in the endeavor to rend the supernatural from its attachment to this history. I. Taylor. 3. Something attached; some adjunct attached to an instrument, machine, or other object; as, a sewing machine attachment (i. e., a device attached to a sewing machine to enable it to do special work, as tucking, etc.). 4. (Giv. Law) (a) A seizure or taking into custody by virtue of a legal process. (b) The writ or percept commanding such seizure or taking. Note: The term is applied to a seizure or taking either of persons or property. In the serving of process in a civil suit, it is most generally applied to the taking of property, whether at common law, as a species of distress, to compel defendant's appearance, or under local statutes, to satisfy the judgment the plaintiff may recover in the action. The terms attachment and arrest are both applied to the taking or apprehension of a defendant to compel an appearance in a civil action. Attachments are issued at common law and in chancery, against persons for contempt of court. In England, attachment is employed in some cases where capias is with us, as against a witness who fails to appear on summons. In some of the New England States a writ of attachment is a species of mesne process upon which the property of a defendant may be seized at the commencement of a suit and before summons to him, and may be held to satisfy the judgment the plaintiff may recover. In other States this writ can issue only against absconding debtors and those who conceal themselves. See Foreign, Garnishment, Trustee process. Bouvier. Burrill. Blackstone. Syn. -- Attachment, Affection. The leading idea of affection is that of warmth and tenderness; the leading idea of attachment is that of being bound to some object by strong and lasting ties. There is more of sentiment (and sometimes of romance) in affection, and more of principle in preserving attachment. We speak of the ardor of the one, and the fidelity of the other. There is another distinction in the use and application of these words. The term attachment is applied to a wider range of objects than affection. A man may have a strong attachment to his country, to his profession, to his principles, and even to favorite places; in respect to none of these could we use the word affection.

ATTACK

ATTACK At*tack, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Attacked; p. pr. & vb. n. Attacking.] Etym: [F. attaquer, orig. another form of attacher to attack: cf. It. attacare to fasten, attack. See Attach, Tack a small nail.] 1. To fall upon with force; to assail, as with force and arms; to assault. Attack their lines. Dryden. 2. To assail with unfriendly speech or writing; to begin a controversy with; to attempt to overthrow or bring into disrepute, by criticism or satire; to censure; as, to attack a man, or his opinions, in a pamphlet. 3. To set to work upon, as upon a task or problem, or some object of labor or investigation. 4. To begin to affect; to begin to act upon, injuriously or destructively; to begin to decompose or waste. On the fourth of March he was attacked by fever. Macaulay. Hydrofluoric acid . . . attacks the glass. B. Stewart. Syn. -- To Attack, Assail, Assault, Invade. These words all denote a violent onset; attack being the generic term, and the others specific forms of attack. To attack is to commence the onset; to assail is to make a sudden and violent attack, or to make repeated attacks; to assault (literally, to leap upon) is to attack physically by a had- to-hand approach or by unlawful and insulting violence; to invade is to enter by force on what belongs to another. Thus, a person may attack by offering violence of any kind; he may assail by means of missile weapons; he may assault by direct personal violence; a king may invade by marching an army into a country. Figuratively, we may say, men attack with argument or satire; they assail with abuse or reproaches; they may be assaulted by severe temptations; the rights of the people may be invaded by the encroachments of the crown.

ATTACK

ATTACK At*tack, v. i. Defn: To make an onset or attack.

ATTACK

ATTACK At*tack, n. Etym: [Cf. F. attaque.] 1. The act of attacking, or falling on with force or violence; an onset; an assault; -- opposed to defense. 2. An assault upon one's feelings or reputation with unfriendly or bitter words. 3. A setting to work upon some task, etc. 4. An access of disease; a fit of sickness. 5. The beginning of corrosive, decomposing, or destructive action, by a chemical agent.

ATTACKABLE

ATTACKABLE At*tacka*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being attacked.

ATTACKER

ATTACKER At*tacker, n. Defn: One who attacks.

ATTAGAS; ATTAGEN

ATTAGAS; ATTAGEN Atta*gas, Atta*gen, n. Etym: [L. attagen a kind of bird, Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A species of sand grouse (Syrrghaptes Pallasii) found in Asia and rarely in southern Europe.

ATTAGHAN

ATTAGHAN Atta*ghan, n. Defn: See Yataghan.

ATTAIN

ATTAIN At*tain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Attained; p. pr. & vb. n. Attaining.] Etym: [Of. atteinen, atteignen, , OF. ateindre, ataindre, F. atteindre, fr. L. attingere; ad + tangere to touch, reach. See Tangent, and cf. Attinge, Attaint.] 1. To achieve or accomplish, that is, to reach by efforts; to gain; to compass; as, to attain rest. Is he wise who hopes to attain the end without the means Abp. Tillotson. 2. To gain or obtain possession of; to acquire. [Obs. with a material object.] Chaucer. 3. To get at the knowledge of; to ascertain. [Obs.] Not well attaining his meaning. Fuller. 4. To reach or come to, by progression or motion; to arrive at. Canaan he now attains. Milton. 5. To overtake. [Obs.] Bacon. 6. To reach in excellence or degree; to equal. Syn. -- To Attain, Obtain, Procure. Attain always implies an effort toward an object. Hence it is not synonymous with obtain and procure, which do not necessarily imply such effort or motion. We procure or obtain a thing by purchase or loan, and we obtain by inheritance, but we do not attain it by such means.

ATTAIN

ATTAIN At*tain, v. i. 1. To come or arrive, by motion, growth, bodily exertion, or efforts toward a place, object, state, etc.; to reach. If by any means they might attain to Phenice. Acts xxvii. 12. Nor nearer might the dogs attain. Sir W. Scott. To see your trees attain to the dignity of timber. Cowper. Few boroughs had as yet attained to power such as this. J. R. Green. 2. To come or arrive, by an effort of mind. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I can not attain unto it. Ps. cxxxix. 6.

ATTAIN

ATTAIN At*tain, n. Defn: Attainment. [Obs.]

ATTAINABILITY

ATTAINABILITY At*tain`a*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being attainable; attainbleness.

ATTAINABLE

ATTAINABLE At*taina*ble, a. 1. Capable of being attained or reached by efforts of the mind or body; capable of being compassed or accomplished by efforts directed to the object. The highest pitch of perfection attainable in this life. Addison. 2. Obtainable. [Obs.] General Howe would not permit the purchase of those articles [clothes and blankets] in Philadelphia, and they were not attainable in the country. Marshall.

ATTAINABLENESS

ATTAINABLENESS At*taina*ble*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being attainable; attainability.

ATTAINDER

ATTAINDER At*tainder, n. Etym: [OF. ataindre, ateindre, to accuse, convict. Attainder is often erroneously referred to F. teindre tie stain. See Attaint, Attain.] 1. The act of attainting, or the state of being attainted; the extinction of the civil rights and capacities of a person, consequent upon sentence of death or outlawry; as, an act of attainder. Abbott. Note: Formerly attainder was the inseparable consequence of a judicial or legislative sentence for treason or felony, and involved the forfeiture of all the real and personal property of the condemned person, and such corruption of blood that he could neither receive nor transmit by inheritance, nor could he sue or testify in any court, or claim any legal protection or rights. In England attainders are now abolished, and in the United States the Constitution provides that no bill of attainder shall be passed; and no attainder of treason (in consequence of a judicial sentence) shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted. 2. A stain or staining; state of being in dishonor or condemnation. [Obs.] He lived from all attainder of suspect. Shak. Bill of attainder, a bill brought into, or passed by, a legislative body, condemning a person to death or outlawry, and attainder, without judicial sentence.

ATTAINMENT

ATTAINMENT At*tainment, n. 1. The act of attaining; the act of arriving at or reaching; hence, the act of obtaining by efforts. The attainment of every desired object. Sir W. Jones. 2. That which is attained to, or obtained by exertion; acquirement; acquisition; (pl.), mental acquirements; knowledge; as, literary and scientific attainments.

ATTAINT

ATTAINT At*taint, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Attainted; p. pr. & vb. n. Attainting.] Etym: [OE. atteynten to convict, fr. atteynt, OF. ateint, p. p. of ateindre, ataindre. The meanings 3, 4, 5, and 6 were influenced by a supposed connection with taint. See Attain, Attainder.] 1. To attain; to get act; to hit. [Obs.] 2. (Old Law) Defn: To find guilty; to convict; -- said esp. of a jury on trial for giving a false verdict. [Obs.] Upon sufficient proof attainted of some open act by men of his own condition. Blackstone. 3. (Law) Defn: To subject (a person) to the legal condition formerly resulting from a sentence of death or outlawry, pronounced in respect of treason or felony; to affect by attainder. No person shall be attainted of high treason where corruption of blood is incurred, but by the oath of two witnesses. Stat. 7 & 8 Wm.

ATTAINT

ATTAINT At*taint, p. p. Defn: Attainted; corrupted. [Obs.] Shak.

ATTAINT

ATTAINT At*taint, n. Etym: [OF. attainte. See Attaint, v.] 1. A touch or hit. Sir W. Scott. 2. (Far.) Defn: A blow or wound on the leg of a horse, made by overreaching. White. 3. (Law) Defn: A writ which lies after judgment, to inquire whether a jury has given a false verdict in any court of record; also, the convicting of the jury so tried. Bouvier. 4. A stain or taint; disgrace. See Taint. Shak. 5. An infecting influence. [R.] Shak.

ATTAINTMENT

ATTAINTMENT At*taintment, n. Defn: Attainder; attainture; conviction.

ATTAINTURE

ATTAINTURE At*tainture, n. Defn: Attainder; disgrace.

ATTAL

ATTAL Attal, n. Defn: Same as Attle.

ATTAME

ATTAME At*tame, v. t. Etym: [OF. atamer, from Latin. See Attaminate.] 1. To pierce; to attack. [Obs.] 2. To broach; to begin. And right anon his tale he hath attamed. Chaucer.

ATTAMINATE

ATTAMINATE At*tami*nate, v. t. Etym: [L. attaminare; ad + root of tangere. See Contaminate.] Defn: To corrupt; to defile; to contaminate. [Obs.] Blount.

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