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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

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ASTRUT

ASTRUT A*strut, a. & adv. 1. Sticking out, or puffed out; swelling; in a swelling manner. [Archaic] Inflated and astrut with self-conceit. Cowper. 2. In a strutting manner; with a strutting gait.

ASTUCIOUS

ASTUCIOUS As*tucious, a. Etym: [F. astucieux. See Astute.] Defn: Subtle; cunning; astute. [R.] Sir W. Scott. -- As*tucious*ly, adv. [R.]

ASTUCITY

ASTUCITY As*tuci*ty, n. Etym: [See Astucious.] Defn: Craftiness; astuteness. [R.] Carlyle.

ASTUN

ASTUN A*stun, v. t. Etym: [See Astony, Stun.] Defn: To stun. [Obs.] Breathless and astunned. Somerville.

ASTURIAN

ASTURIAN As*turi*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Asturias in Spain. -- n. Defn: A native of Asturias.

ASTUTE

ASTUTE As*tute, a. Etym: [L. astutus, fr. astus craft, cunning; perh. cognate with E. acute.] Defn: Critically discerning; sagacious; shrewd; subtle; crafty. Syn. -- Keen; eagle-eyed; penetrating; skilled; discriminating; cunning; sagacious; subtle; wily; crafty. As*tutely, adv. -- As*tuteness, n.

ASTYLAR

ASTYLAR A*stylar, a. Etym: [Gr. (arch.) Defn: Without columns or pilasters. Weale.

ASTYLLEN

ASTYLLEN A*styllen, n. (Mining) Defn: A small dam to prevent free passage of water in an adit or level.

ASUNDER

ASUNDER A*sunder, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + sunder.] Defn: Apart; separate from each other; into parts; in two; separately; into or in different pieces or places. I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder. Zech. xi. 10. As wide asunder as pole and pole. Froude.

ASURA

ASURA A*sura, n. (Hind. Myth.) Defn: An enemy of the gods, esp. one of a race of demons and giants.

ASWAIL

ASWAIL Aswail, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The sloth bear (Melursus labiatus) of India.

ASWEVE

ASWEVE A*sweve, v. t. Etym: [AS. aswebban; a + swebban. See Sweven.] Defn: To stupefy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ASWING

ASWING A*swing, adv. Defn: In a state of swinging.

ASWOON

ASWOON A*swoon, adv. Defn: In a swoon. Chaucer.

ASWOONED

ASWOONED A*swooned, adv. Defn: In a swoon.

ASYLUM

ASYLUM A*sylum, n.; pl. E. Asylums, L. Asyla. Etym: [L. asylum, Gr. 1. A sanctuary or place of refuge and protection, where criminals and debtors found shelter, and from which they could not be forcibly taken without sacrilege. So sacred was the church to some, that it had the right of an asylum or sanctuary. Ayliffe. Note: The name was anciently given to temples, altars, statues of the gods, and the like. In later times Christian churches were regarded as asylums in the same sense. 2. Any place of retreat and security. Earth has no other asylum for them than its own cold bosom. Southey. 3. An institution for the protection or relief of some class of destitute, unfortunate, or afflicted persons; as, an asylum for the aged, for the blind, or for the insane; a lunatic asylum; an orphan asylum.

ASYMMETRAL

ASYMMETRAL A*symme*tral, a. Defn: Incommensurable; also, unsymmetrical. [Obs.] D. H. More.

ASYMMETRIC; ASYMMETRICAL

ASYMMETRIC; ASYMMETRICAL As`ym*metric, As`ym*metri*cal, a. Etym: [See Asymmetrous.] 1. Incommensurable. [Obs.] 2. Not symmetrical; wanting proportion; esp., not bilaterally symmetrical. Huxley.

ASYMMETROUS

ASYMMETROUS A*symme*trous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Asymmetrical. [Obs.] Barrow.

ASYMMETRY

ASYMMETRY A*symme*try, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. Want of symmetry, or proportion between the parts of a thing, esp. want of bilateral symmetry. 2. (Math.) Defn: Incommensurability. [Obs.] Barrow.

ASYMPTOTE

ASYMPTOTE Asymp*tote, n. Etym: [Gr. Symptom.] (Math.) Defn: A line which approaches nearer to some curve than assignable distance, but, though infinitely extended, would never meet it. Asymptotes may be straight lines or curves. A rectilinear asymptote may be conceived as a tangent to the curve at an infinite distance.

ASYNARTETE

ASYNARTETE A*synar*tete`, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Disconnected; not fitted or adjusted. -- A*synar*tetic, a. Asynartete verse (Pros.), a verse of two members, having different rhythms; as when the first consists of iambuses and the second of trochees.

ASYNCHRONOUS

ASYNCHRONOUS A*synchro*nous, a. [Gr. not + synchronous.] Defn: Not simultaneous; not concurrent in time; --opposed to synchronous.

ASYNDETIC

ASYNDETIC As`yn*detic, a. Etym: [See Asyndeton.] Defn: Characterized by the use of asyndeton; not connected by conjunctions. -- As`yn*detic*al*ly, adv.

ASYNDETON

ASYNDETON A*synde*ton, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure which omits the connective; as, I came, I saw, I conquered. It stands opposed to polysyndeton.

ASYSTOLE

ASYSTOLE A*systo*le, n. Etym: [Pref. a- not + systole.] (Physiol.) Defn: A weakening or cessation of the contractile power of the heart.

ASYSTOLISM

ASYSTOLISM A*systo*lism, n. Defn: The state or symptoms characteristic of asystole.

AT

AT At, prep. Etym: [AS. ?t; akin to OHG. az, Goth., OS., & Icel. at, Sw. ?t, Dan. & L. ad.] Defn: Primarily, this word expresses the relations of presence, nearness in place or time, or direction toward; as, at the ninth hour; at the house; to aim at a mark. It is less definite than in or on; at the house may be in or near the house. From this original import are derived all the various uses of at. It expresses: - 1. A relation of proximity to, or of presence in or on, something; as, at the door; at your shop; at home; at school; at hand; at sea and on land. 2. The relation of some state or condition; as, at war; at peace; at ease; at your service; at fault; at liberty; at risk; at disadvantage. 3. The relation of some employment or action; occupied with; as, at engraving; at husbandry; at play; at work; at meat (eating); except at puns. 4. The relation of a point or position in a series, or of degree, rate, or value; as, with the thermometer at 80?; goods sold at a cheap price; a country estimated at 10,000 square miles; life is short at the longest. 5. The relations of time, age, or order; as, at ten o'clock; at twenty-one; at once; at first. 6. The relations of source, occasion, reason, consequence, or effect; as, at the sight; at this news; merry at anything; at this declaration; at his command; to demand, require, receive, deserve, endure at your hands. 7. Relation of direction toward an object or end; as, look at it; to point at one; to aim at a mark; to throw, strike, shoot, wink, mock, laugh at any one. At all, At home, At large, At last, At length, At once, etc. See under All, Home, Large, Last (phrase and syn.), Length, Once, etc. -- At it, busily or actively engaged. -- At least. See Least and However. -- At one. See At one, in the Vocabulary. Syn. -- In, At. When reference to the interior of any place is made prominent in is used. It is used before the names of countries and cities (esp. large cities); as, we live in America, in New York, in the South. At is commonly employed before names of houses, institutions, villages, and small places; as, Milton was educated at Christ's College; money taken in at the Customhouse; I saw him at the jeweler's; we live at Beachville. At may be used before the name of a city when it is regarded as a mere point of locality. An English king was crowned at Paris. Macaulay. Jean Jacques Rousseau was born at Geneva, June, 28, 1712. J. Morley. In regard to time, we say at the hour, on the day, in the year; as, at 9 o'clock, on the morning of July 5th, in the year 1775.

AT ONE

AT ONE At one. Etym: [OE. at on, atone, atoon, attone.] 1. In concord or friendship; in agreement (with each other); as, to be, bring, make, or set, at one, i. e., to be or bring in or to a state of agreement or reconciliation. If gentil men, or othere of hir contree Were wrothe, she wolde bringen hem atoon. Chaucer. 2. Of the same opinion; agreed; as, on these points we are at one. 3. Together. [Obs.] Spenser. He and Aufidius can no more atone Than violentest contrariety. Shak. 2. To stand as an equivalent; to make reparation, compensation, or amends, for an offense or a crime. The murderer fell, and blood atoned for blood. Pope. The ministry not atoning for their former conduct by any wise or popular measure. Junius.

ATABAL

ATABAL Ata*bal, n. Etym: [Sp. atabal, fr. Ar. at-tabl the drum, tabala to beat the drum. Cf. Tymbal.] Defn: A kettledrum; a kind of tabor, used by the Moors. Croly.

ATACAMITE

ATACAMITE A*taca*mite, n. Etym: [From the desert of Atacama, where found.] (Min.) Defn: An oxychloride of copper, usually in emerald-green prismatic crystals.

ATAFTER

ATAFTER At`after, prep. Defn: After. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ATAGHAN

ATAGHAN Ata*ghan, n. Defn: See Yataghan.

ATAKE

ATAKE A*take, v. t. Defn: To overtake. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ATAMAN

ATAMAN Ata*man, n. Etym: [Russ. ataman': cf. Pol. hetman, G. hauptmann headman, chieftain. Cf. Hetman.] Defn: A hetman, or chief of the Cossacks.

ATAMASCO LILY

ATAMASCO LILY At`a*masco lily. [Atamasco is fr. North American Indian.] (Bot.) Defn: See under Lily.

ATARAXIA; ATARAXY

ATARAXIA; ATARAXY At`a*raxi*a, Ata*rax`y, n. Etym: [NL. ataraxia, Gr. Defn: Perfect peace of mind, or calmness.

ATAUNT; ATAUNTO

ATAUNT; ATAUNTO A*taunt, A*taunto, adv. Etym: [F. autant as much (as possible).] (Naut.) Defn: Fully rigged, as a vessel; with all sails set; set on end or set right.

ATAVIC

ATAVIC A*tavic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. atavique.] Defn: Pertaining to a remote ancestor, or to atavism.

ATAVISM

ATAVISM Ata*vism, n. Etym: [L. atavus an ancestor, fr. avus a grandfather.] (a) The recurrence, or a tendency to a recurrence, of the original type of a species in the progeny of its varieties; resemblance to remote rather than to near ancestors; reversion to the original form. (b) (Biol.) The recurrence of any peculiarity or disease of an ancestor in a subsequent generation, after an intermission for a generation or two. Now and then there occur cases of what physiologists call atavism, or reversion to an ancestral type of character. J. Fiske

ATAXIA; ATAXY

ATAXIA; ATAXY A*taxi*a, Atax*y, n. Etym: [NL. ataxia, Gr. ataxie.] 1. Disorder; irregularity. [Obs.] Bp. Hall. 2. (Med.) (a) Irregularity in disease, or in the functions. (b) The state of disorder that characterizes nervous fevers and the nervous condition. Locomotor ataxia. See Locomotor.

ATAXIC

ATAXIC A*taxic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. ataxique. See Ataxia.] (Med.) Defn: Characterized by ataxy, that is, (a) by great irregularity of functions or symptoms, or (b) by a want of coordinating power in movements. Ataxic fever, malignant typhus fever. Pinel.

ATAZIR

ATAZIR At`a*zir, n. Etym: [OF., fr. Ar. al-tasir influence.] (Astron.) Defn: The influence of a star upon other stars or upon men. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ATE

ATE Ate, Defn: the preterit of Eat.

ATE

ATE Ate, n. Etym: [Gr. (Greek. Myth.) Defn: The goddess of mischievous folly; also, in later poets, the goddess of vengeance. -ATE -ate. Etym: [From the L. suffix -atus, the past participle ending of verbs of the 1st conj.] 1. As an ending of participles or participial adjectives it is equivalent to -ed; as, situate or situated; animate or animated. 2. As the ending of a verb, it means to make, to cause, to act, etc.; as, to propitiate (to make propitious); to animate (to give life to). 3. As a noun suffix, it marks the agent; as, curate, delegate. It also sometimes marks the office or dignity; as, tribunate. 4. In chemistry it is used to denote the salts formed from those acids whose names end -ic (excepting binary or halogen acids); as, sulphate from sulphuric acid, nitrate from nitric acid, etc. It is also used in the case of certain basic salts.

ATECHNIC

ATECHNIC A*technic, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + technic.] Defn: Without technical or artistic knowledge. Difficult to convey to the atechnic reader. Etching & Engr.

ATELES

ATELES Ate*les, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of American monkeys with prehensile tails, and having the thumb wanting or rudimentary. See Spider monkey, and Coaita.

ATELETS SAUCE

ATELETS SAUCE; SAUCE AUX HATELETS A`te*lets sauce or Sauce` aux ha`te*lets. [F. h?telet skewer.] Defn: A sauce (such as egg and bread crumbs) used for covering bits of meat, small birds, or fish, strung on skewers for frying.

ATELIER

ATELIER A`te*lier n. Etym: [F.] Defn: A workshop; a studio.

ATELLAN

ATELLAN A*tellan, a. Etym: [L. Atellanus, fr. Atella, an ancient town of the Osci, in Campania.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Atella, in ancient Italy; as, Atellan plays; farcical; ribald. -- n. Defn: A farcical drama performed at Atella.

ATHALAMOUS

ATHALAMOUS A*thala*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Not furnished with shields or beds for the spores, as the thallus of certain lichens.

ATHAMAUNT

ATHAMAUNT Atha*maunt, n. Defn: Adamant. [Obs.] Written in the table of athamaunt. Chaucer.

ATHANASIA; ATHANASY

ATHANASIA; ATHANASY Ath`a*nasi*a, A*thana*sy, n. [NL. athanasia, fr. Gr. ; priv. + death.] Defn: The quality of being deathless; immortality. Is not a scholiastic athanasy better than none Lowell.

ATHANASIAN

ATHANASIAN Ath`a*nasian, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria in the 4th century. Athanasian creed, a formulary, confession, or exposition of faith, formerly supposed to have been drawn up by Athanasius; but this opinion is now rejected, and the composition is ascribed by some to Hilary, bishop of Arles (5th century). It is a summary of what was called the orthodox faith.

ATHANOR

ATHANOR Atha*nor, n. Etym: [F., fr. Ar. at-tannur, fr. Heb. tannur an oven or furnace.] Defn: A digesting furnace, formerly used by alchemists. It was so constructed as to maintain uniform and durable heat. Chambers.

ATHECATA

ATHECATA Ath`e*cata, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of Hydroidea in which the zooids are naked, or not inclosed in a capsule. See Tubularian.

ATHEISM

ATHEISM Athe*ism, n. Etym: [Cf. F. ath?isme. See Atheist.] 1. The disbelief or denial of the existence of a God, or supreme intelligent Being. Atheism is a ferocious system, that leaves nothing above us to excite awe, nor around us to awaken tenderness. R. Hall. Atheism and pantheism are often wrongly confounded. Shipley. 2. Godlessness.

ATHEIST

ATHEIST Athe*ist, n. Etym: [Gr. ath?iste.] 1. One who disbelieves or denies the existence of a God, or supreme intelligent Being. 2. A godless person. [Obs.] Syn. -- Infidel; unbeliever. Note: See Infidel.

ATHEISTIC; ATHEISTICAL

ATHEISTIC; ATHEISTICAL A`the*istic, A`the*istic*al, a. 1. Pertaining to, implying, or containing, atheism; -- applied to things; as, atheistic doctrines, opinions, or books. Atheistical explications of natural effects. Barrow. 2. Disbelieving the existence of a God; impious; godless; -- applied to persons; as, an atheistic writer. -- A`the*istic*al*ly, adv. -- A`the*istic*al*ness, n.

ATHEIZE

ATHEIZE Athe*ize, v. t. Defn: To render atheistic or godless. [R.] They endeavored to atheize one another. Berkeley.

ATHEIZE

ATHEIZE Athe*ize, v. i. Defn: To discourse, argue, or act as an atheist. [R.] -- Athe*i`zer, n. Cudworth.

ATHELING

ATHELING Athel*ing, n. Etym: [AS. ? noble, fr. ? noble, akin to G. adel nobility, edel noble. The word ?, E. ethel, is in many AS. proper names, as Ethelwolf, noble wolf; Ethelbald, noble bold; Ethelbert, noble bright.] Defn: An Anglo-Saxon prince or nobleman; esp., the heir apparent or a prince of the royal family. [Written also Adeling and ?theling.]

ATHENEUM; ATHENAEUM

ATHENEUM; ATHENAEUM Ath`e*neum, Ath`e*n?um, n.; pl. E. Atheneums, L. Athen?a. Etym: [L. Athenaemum, Gr. Minerva by the Romans), the tutelary goddess of Athens.] 1 (Gr. Antiq.) Defn: A temple of Athene, at Athens, in which scholars and poets were accustomed to read their works and instruct students. 2. A school founded at Rome by Hadrian. 3. A literary or scientific association or club. 4. A building or an apartment where a library, periodicals, and newspapers are kept for use.

ATHENIAN

ATHENIAN A*theni*an, a. Etym: [Cf. F. Ath?nien.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Athens, the metropolis of Greece. -- n. A native or citizen of Athens.

ATHEOLOGICAL

ATHEOLOGICAL A`the*o*logic*al, a. Defn: Opposed to theology; atheistic. Bp. Montagu.

ATHEOLOGY

ATHEOLOGY A`the*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Pref. a- not + theology.] Defn: Antagonism to theology. Swift.

ATHEOUS

ATHEOUS Athe*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. Atheist.] 1. Atheistic; impious. [Obs.] Milton. 2. Without God, neither accepting nor denying him. I should say science was atheous, and therefore could not be atheistic. Bp. of Carlisle.

ATHERINE

ATHERINE Ather*ine, n. Etym: [NL. atherina, fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A small marine fish of the family Atherinid?, having a silvery stripe along the sides. The European species (Atherina presbyter) is used as food. The American species (Menidia notata) is called silversides and sand smelt. See Silversides.

ATHERMANCY

ATHERMANCY A*therman*cy, n. Etym: [See Athermanous.] Defn: Inability to transmit radiant; impermeability to heat. Tyndall.

ATHERMANOUS

ATHERMANOUS A*therma*nous, a. Etym: [Gr. athermane.] (Chem.) Defn: Not transmitting heat; -- opposed to diathermanous.

ATHERMOUS

ATHERMOUS A*thermous, a. (Chem.) Defn: Athermanous.

ATHEROID

ATHEROID Ather*oid, a. Etym: [Gr. -oid.] Defn: Shaped like an ear of grain.

ATHEROMA

ATHEROMA Ath`e*roma, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Med.) (a) An encysted tumor containing curdy matter. (b) A disease characterized by thickening and fatty degeneration of the inner coat of the arteries.

ATHEROMATOUS

ATHEROMATOUS Ath`e*roma*tous, a. (Med.) Defn: Of, pertaining to, or having the nature of, atheroma. Wiseman.

ATHETIZE

ATHETIZE Athe*tize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Athetized; p. pr. & vb. n. Athetizing.] [Gr. , fr. set aside, not fixed; not + to place.] Defn: To set aside or reject as spurious, as by marking with an obelus.

ATHETOSIS

ATHETOSIS Ath`e*tosis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: A variety of chorea, marked by peculiar tremors of the fingers and toes.

ATHINK

ATHINK A*think, v. t. Defn: To repent; to displease; to disgust. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ATHIRST

ATHIRST A*thirst, a. Etym: [OE. ofthurst, AS. ofpyrsted, p. p. of ofpyrstan; pref. of-, intensive + pyrstan to thirst. See Thirst.] 1. Wanting drink; thirsty. 2. Having a keen appetite or desire; eager; longing. Athirst for battle. Cowper.

ATHLETE

ATHLETE Athlete, n. Etym: [L. athleta, Gr. wed: cf. F. athl?te.] 1. (Antiq.) Defn: One who contended for a prize in the public games of ancient Greece or Rome. 2. Any one trained to contend in exercises requiring great physical agility and strength; one who has great activity and strength; a champion. 3. One fitted for, or skilled in, intellectual contests; as, athletes of debate.

ATHLETIC

ATHLETIC Ath`letic, a. Etym: [L. athleticus, Gr. Athlete.] 1. Of or pertaining to athletes or to the exercises practiced by them; as, athletic games or sports. 2. Befitting an athlete; strong; muscular; robust; vigorous; as, athletic Celts. Athletic soundness. South. -- Ath*letic*al*ly, adv.

ATHLETICISM

ATHLETICISM Ath*leti*cism, n. Defn: The practice of engaging in athletic games; athletism.

ATHLETICS

ATHLETICS Ath*letics, n. Defn: The art of training by athletic exercises; the games and sports of athletes.

ATHLETISM

ATHLETISM Athle*tism, n. Defn: The state or practice of an athlete; the characteristics of an athlete.

ATHREPSIA

ATHREPSIA A*threpsi*a, n. [NL., fr. Gr. priv. + nourishment.] (Med.) Defn: Profound debility of children due to lack of food and to unhygienic surroundings. --A*threptic (#), a.

ATHWART

ATHWART A*thwart, prep. Etym: [Pref. a- + thwart.] 1. Across; from side to side of. Athwart the thicket lone. Tennyson. 2. (Naut.) Defn: Across the direction or course of; as, a fleet standing athwart our course. Athwart hawse, across the stem of another vessel, whether in contact or at a small distance. -- Athwart ships, across the ship from side to side, or in that direction; -- opposed to fore and aft.

ATHWART

ATHWART A*thwart, adv. Defn: 1. Across, especially in an oblique direction; sidewise; obliquely. Sometimes athwart, sometimes he strook him straight. Spenser. 2. Across the course; so as to thwart; perversely. All athwart there came A post from Wales loaden with heavy news. Shak.

ATILT

ATILT A*tilt, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + tilt.] 1. In the manner of a tilter; in the position, or with the action, of one making a thrust. To run atilt at men. Hudibras. 2. In the position of a cask tilted, or with one end raised. Note: [In this sense sometimes used as an adjective.] Abroach, atilt, and run Even to the lees of honor. Beau. & Fl.

ATIMY

ATIMY Ati*my, n. Etym: [Gr. (Gr. Antiq.) Defn: Public disgrace or stigma; infamy; loss of civil rights. Mitford. -ATION -ation. Etym: [L. -ationem. See -tion.] Defn: A suffix forming nouns of action, and often equivalent to the verbal substantive in -ing. It sometimes has the further meanings of state, and that which results from the action. Many of these nouns have verbs in -ate; as, alliterate -ation, narrate -ation; many are derived through the French; as, alteration, visitation; and many are formed on verbs ending in the Greek formative -ize (Fr. -ise); as, civilization, demoralization. A-TIPTOE A-tiptoe, adv. Defn: On tiptoe; eagerly expecting. We all feel a-tiptoe with hope and confidence. F. Harrison.

ATLANTA

ATLANTA At*lanta, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of small glassy heteropod mollusks found swimming at the surface in mid ocean. See Heteropod.

ATLANTAL

ATLANTAL At*lantal, a. (Anat.) (a) Relating to the atlas. (b) Anterior; cephalic. Barclay.

ATLANTEAN

ATLANTEAN At`lan*tean, a. Etym: [L. Atlant.] 1. Of or pertaining to the isle Atlantis, which the ancients allege was sunk, and overwhelmed by the ocean. 2. Pertaining to, or resembling, Atlas; strong. With Atlantean shoulders, fit to bear The weight of mightiest monarchies. Milton.

ATLANTES

ATLANTES At*lantes, n. pl. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Atlas.] (Arch.) Defn: Figures or half figures of men, used as columns to support an entablature; -- called also telamones. See Caryatides. Oxf. Gloss.

ATLANTIC

ATLANTIC At*lantic, a. Etym: [L. Atlanticus, fr. Atlas. See Atlas and Atlantes.] 1. Of or pertaining to Mt. Atlas in Libya, and hence applied to the ocean which lies between Europe and Africa on the east and America on the west; as, the Atlantic Ocean (called also the Atlantic); the Atlantic basin; the Atlantic telegraph. 2. Of or pertaining to the isle of Atlantis. 3. Descended from Atlas. The seven Atlantic sisters. Milton.

ATLANTIDES

ATLANTIDES At*lanti*des, n. pl. Etym: [L. See Atlantes.] Defn: The Pleiades or seven stars, fabled to have been the daughters of Atlas.

ATLAS

ATLAS Atlas, n.; pl. Atlases. Etym: [L. Atlas, -antis, Gr. Atlas, in W. Africa, regarded as the pillar of heaven. It is from the root of Tolerate.] 1. One who sustains a great burden. 2. (Anat.) Defn: The first vertebra of the neck, articulating immediately with the skull, thus sustaining the globe of the head, whence the name. 3. A collection of maps in a volume; -- Note: supposed to be so called from a picture of Atlas supporting the world, prefixed to some collections. This name is said to have been first used by Mercator, the celebrated geographer, in the 16th century. Note: 4. A volume of plates illustrating any subject. 5. A work in which subjects are exhibited in a tabular from or arrangement; as, an historical atlas. 6. A large, square folio, resembling a volume of maps; -- called also atlas folio. 7. A drawing paper of large size. See under Paper, n. Atlas powder, a nitroglycerin blasting compound of pasty consistency and great explosive power.

ATLAS

ATLAS Atlas, n. Etym: [Ar., smooth.] Defn: A rich kind of satin manufactured in India. Brande & C.

ATLAS POWDER

ATLAS POWDER Atlas powder. Defn: A blasting powder or dynamite composed of nitroglycerin, wood fiber, sodium nitrate, and magnesium carbonate.

ATMAN

ATMAN Atman, n. [Skr. atman.] (Hinduism) (a) The life principle, soul, or individual essence. (b) The universal ego from whom all individual atmans arise. This sense is a European excrescence on the East Indian thought.

ATMIATRY

ATMIATRY At*mia*try, n. [Gr. vapor + medical treatment, healing.] Defn: Treatment of disease by vapors or gases, as by inhalation.

ATMIDOMETER

ATMIDOMETER At`mi*dome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter; cf. F. atmidom?tre.] Defn: An instrument for measuring the evaporation from water, ice, or snow. Brande & C.

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