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ASTERION As*teri*on, n. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.) Defn: The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto- mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.


ASTERISCUS As`ter*iscus, n. Etym: [L., an asterisk. See Asterisk.] (Anat.) Defn: The smaller of the two otoliths found in the inner ear of many fishes.


ASTERISK Aster*isk, n. Etym: [L. asteriscus, Gr. Aster.] Defn: The figure of a star, thus,


ASTERISM As`ter*ism, n. Etym: [Gr. ast?risme.] 1. (Astron.) (a) A constellation. [Obs.] (b) A small cluster of stars. 2. (Printing) (a) An asterisk, or mark of reference. [R.] (b) Three asterisks placed in this manner, *, to direct attention to a particular passage. 3. (Crystallog.) Defn: An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star- shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.


ASTERN A*stern, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + stern.] (Naut.) 1. In or at the hinder part of a ship; toward the hinder part, or stern; backward; as, to go astern. 2. Behind a ship; in the rear. A gale of wind right astern. De Foe. Left this strait astern. Drake. To bake astern, to go stern foremost. -- To be astern of the reckoning, to be behind the position given by the reckoning. -- To drop astern, to fall or be left behind. -- To go astern, to go backward, as from the action of currents or winds.


ASTERNAL A*sternal, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + sternal.] (Anat.) Defn: Not sternal; -- said of ribs which do not join the sternum.


ASTEROID Aster*oid, n. Etym: [Gr. ast?ro?de. See Aster.] Defn: A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets.


ASTEROIDAL As`ter*oidal, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an asteroid, or to the asteroids.


ASTEROLEPIS As`te*role*pis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A genus of fishes, some of which were eighteen or twenty feet long, found in a fossil state in the Old Red Sandstone. Hugh Miller.


ASTEROPE As*tero*pe, n. [Gr. , lit., lightning.] 1. (Myth.) Defn: One of the Pleiades; -- called also Sterope. 2. (Astron.) A double star in the Pleiades (21 k and 22 l Pleiadum, of the 5.8 and 6.4 magnitude respectively), appearing as a single star of the 5.3 magnitude to the naked eye.


ASTEROPHYLLITE As`ter*ophyl*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A fossil plant from the coal formations of Europe and America, now regarded as the branchlets and foliage of calamites.


ASTERT A*stert, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + start; OE. asterten, asturten.] Defn: To start up; to befall; to escape; to shun. [Obs.] Spenser.


ASTERT A*stert, v. i. Defn: To escape. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ASTHENIA; ASTHENY As`the*nia, Asthe*ny, n. Etym: [NL. asthenia, Gr. (Med.) Defn: Want or loss of strength; debility; diminution of the vital forces.


ASTHENIC As*thenic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Characterized by, or pertaining to, debility; weak; debilitating.


ASTHENOPIA As`the*nopi*a, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Weakness of sight. Quain. -- As`the*nopic, a.


ASTHMA Asthma, n. Etym: [Gr. va, Goth. waian, to blow, E. wind.] (Med.) Defn: A disease, characterized by difficulty of breathing (due to a spasmodic contraction of the bronchi), recurring at intervals, accompanied with a wheezing sound, a sense of constriction in the chest, a cough, and expectoration.


ASTHMA PAPER Asthma paper. Defn: Paper impregnated with saltpeter. The fumes from the burning paper are often inhaled as an alleviative by asthmatics.


ASTHMATIC Asth*matic, n. Defn: A person affected with asthma.


ASTHMATIC; ASTHMATICAL Asth*matic, Asth*matic*al, a. Etym: [L. asthmaticus, Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to asthma; as, an asthmatic cough; liable to, or suffering from, asthma; as, an asthmatic patient. -- Asth*matic*al*ly, adv.


ASTIGMATIC As`tig*matic, a. (Med. & Opt.) Defn: Affected with, or pertaining to, astigmatism; as, astigmatic eyes; also, remedying astigmatism; as, astigmatic lenses.


ASTIGMATISM A*stigma*tism, n. Etym: [Gr. astigmatisme.] (Med. & Opt.) Defn: A defect of the eye or of a lens, in consequence of which the rays derived from one point are not brought to a single focal point, thus causing imperfect images or indistictness of vision. Note: The term is applied especially to the defect causing images of lines having a certain direction to be indistinct, or imperfectly seen, while those of lines transverse to the former are distinct, or clearly seen.


ASTIPULATE As*tipu*late, v. i. Etym: [L. astipulari; ad + stipulari to stipulate.] Defn: To assent. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


ASTIPULATION As*tip`u*lation, n. Etym: [L. astipulatio.] Defn: Stipulation; agreement. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


ASTIR A*stir, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + stir.] Defn: Stirring; in a state of activity or motion; out of bed.


ASTOMATOUS; ASTOMOUS A*stoma*tous, Asto*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Not possessing a mouth.


ASTON; ASTONE As*ton, As*tone, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astoned, Astond, or Astound.] Etym: [See Astonish.] Defn: To stun; to astonish; to stupefy. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ASTONIED As*tonied, p. p. Defn: Stunned; astonished. See Astony. [Archaic] And I astonied fell and could not pray. Mrs. Browning.


ASTONISH As*tonish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astonished; p. pr. & vb. n. Astonishing.] Etym: [OE. astonien, astunian, astonen, OF. estoner, F. ?tonner, fr. L. ex out + tonare to thunder, but perhaps influenced by E. stun. See Thunder, Astound, Astony.] 1. To stun; to render senseless, as by a blow. [Obs.] Enough, captain; you have astonished him. [Fluellen had struck Pistol]. Shak. The very cramp-fish [i. e., torpedo] . . . being herself not benumbed, is able to astonish others. Holland. 2. To strike with sudden fear, terror, or wonder; to amaze; to surprise greatly, as with something unaccountable; to confound with some sudden emotion or passion. Musidorus . . . had his wits astonished with sorrow. Sidney. I, Daniel . . . was astonished at the vision. Dan. viii. 27. Syn. -- To amaze; astound; overwhelm; surprise. -- Astonished, Surprised. We are surprised at what is unexpected. We are astonished at what is above or beyond our comprehension. We are taken by surprise. We are struck with astonishment. C. J. Smith. See Amaze.


ASTONISHEDLY As*tonish*ed*ly, adv. Defn: In an astonished manner. [R.] Bp. Hall.


ASTONISHING As*tonish*ing, a. Defn: Very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; as, an astonishing event. Syn. -- Amazing; surprising; wonderful; marvelous. As*tonish*ing*ly, adv. -- As*tonish*ing*ness, n.


ASTONISHMENT As*tonish*ment, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. est, F. ?tonnement.] 1. The condition of one who is stunned. Hence: Numbness; loss of sensation; stupor; loss of sense. [Obs.] A coldness and astonishment in his loins, as folk say. Holland. 2. Dismay; consternation. [Archaic] Spenser. 3. The overpowering emotion excited when something unaccountable, wonderful, or dreadful is presented to the mind; an intense degree of surprise; amazement. Lest the place And my quaint habits breed astonishment. Milton. 4. The object causing such an emotion. Thou shalt become an astonishment. Deut. xxviii. 37. Syn. -- Amazement; wonder; surprise.


ASTONY As*tony, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astonied; p. pr. & vb. n. Astonying. See Astone.] Defn: To stun; to bewilder; to astonish; to dismay. [Archaic] The captain of the Helots . . . strake Palladius upon the side of his head, that he reeled astonied. Sir P. Sidney. This sodeyn cas this man astonied so, That reed he wex, abayst, and al quaking. Chaucer.


ASTOOP A*stoop, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + stoop.] Defn: In a stooping or inclined position. Gay.


ASTOUND As*tound, a. Etym: [OE. astouned, astound, astoned, p. p. of astone. See Astone.] Defn: Stunned; astounded; astonished. [Archaic] Spenser. Thus Ellen, dizzy and astound. As sudden ruin yawned around. Sir W. Scott.


ASTOUND As*tound, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astounded, [Obs.] Astound; p. pr. & vb. n. Astounding.] Etym: [See Astound, a.] 1. To stun; to stupefy. No puissant stroke his senses once astound. Fairfax. 2. To astonish; to strike with amazement; to confound with wonder, surprise, or fear. These thoughts may startle well, but not astound The virtuous mind. Milton.


ASTOUNDING As*tounding, a. Defn: Of a nature to astound; astonishing; amazing; as, an astounding force, statement, or fact. -- As*tounding*ly, adv.


ASTOUNDMENT As*toundment, n. Defn: Amazement. Coleridge.


ASTRACHAN As`tra*chan, a. & n. Defn: See Astrakhan.


ASTRADDLE A*straddle, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + straddle.] Defn: In a straddling position; astride; bestriding; as, to sit astraddle a horse.


ASTRAEAN As*tr?an, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Pertaining to the genus Astr?a or the family Astr?id?. -- n. Defn: A coral of the family Astr?id?; a star coral.


ASTRAGAL Astra*gal, n. Etym: [L. astragalus, Gr. 1. (Arch.) Defn: A convex molding of rounded surface, generally from half to three quarters of a circle. 2. (Gun.) Defn: A round molding encircling a cannon near the mouth.


ASTRAGALAR As*traga*lar, a. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the astragalus.


ASTRAGALOID As*traga*loid, a. Etym: [Astragalus + -oid.] (Anat.) Defn: Resembling the astragalus in form.


ASTRAGALOMANCY As*traga*lo*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy.] Defn: Divination by means of small bones or dice.


ASTRAGALUS As*traga*lus, n. Etym: [L. See Astragal.] 1. (Anat.) Defn: The ankle bone, or hock bone; the bone of the tarsus which articulates with the tibia at the ankle. 2. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of papilionaceous plants, of the tribe Galege?, containing numerous species, two of which are called, in English, milk vetch and licorice vetch. Gum tragacanth is obtained from different oriental species, particularly the A. gummifer and A. verus. 3. (Arch.) Defn: See Astragal, 1.


ASTRAKHAN As`tra*khan, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Astrakhan in Russia or its products; made of an Astrakhan skin. -- n. Defn: The skin of stillborn or young lambs of that region, the curled wool of which resembles fur.


ASTRAL Astral, a. Etym: [L. astralis, fr. astrum star, Gr. astral. See Star.] Defn: Pertaining to, coming from, or resembling, the stars; starry; starlike. Shines only with an astral luster. I. Taylor. Some astral forms I must invoke by prayer. Dryden. Astral lamp, an Argand lamp so constructed that no shadow is cast upon the table by the flattened ring-shaped reservoir in which the oil is contained. -- Astral spirits, spirits formerly supposed to live in the heavenly bodies or the a?rial regions, and represented in the Middle Ages as fallen angels, spirits of the dead, or spirits originating in fire.


ASTRAND A*strand, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + strand.] Defn: Stranded. Sir W. Scott.


ASTRAY A*stray, adv. & a. Etym: [See Estray, Stray.] Defn: Out of the right, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering; as, to lead one astray. Ye were as sheep going astray. 1 Pet. ii. 25.


ASTRICT As*trict, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astricted; p. pr. & vb. n. Astricting.] Etym: [L. astrictus, p. p. of astringere. See Astringe.] 1. To bind up; to confine; to constrict; to contract. The solid parts were to be relaxed or astricted. Arbuthnot. 2. To bind; to constrain; to restrict; to limit. [R.] The mind is astricted to certain necessary modes or forms of thought. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. (Scots Law) Defn: To restrict the tenure of; as, to astrict lands. See Astriction, 4. Burrill.


ASTRICT As*trict, a. Defn: Concise; contracted. [Obs.] Weever.


ASTRICTION As*triction, n. Etym: [L. astrictio.] 1. The act of binding; restriction; also, obligation. Milton. 2. (Med.) (a) A contraction of parts by applications; the action of an astringent substance on the animal economy. Dunglison. (b) Constipation. Arbuthnot. 3. Astringency. [Obs.] Bacon. 4. (Scots Law) Defn: An obligation to have the grain growing on certain lands ground at a certain mill, the owner paying a toll. Bell. Note: The lands were said to be astricted to the mill.


ASTRICTIVE As*trictive, a. Defn: Binding; astringent. -- n. Defn: An astringent. -- As*trictive*ly, adv.


ASTRICTORY As*tricto*ry, a. Defn: Astrictive. [R.]


ASTRIDE A*stride, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + stride.] Defn: With one leg on each side, as a man when on horseback; with the legs stretched wide apart; astraddle. Placed astride upon the bars of the palisade. Sir W. Scott. Glasses with horn bows sat astride on his nose. Longfellow.


ASTRIFEROUS As*trifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. astrifer; astrum star + ferre to bear.] Defn: Bearing stars. [R.] Blount.


ASTRINGE As*tringe, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astringed; p. pr. & vb. n. Astringing.] Etym: [L. astringere; ad + stringere to draw tight. Cf. Astrict, and see Strain, v. t.] 1. To bind fast; to constrict; to contract; to cause parts to draw together; to compress. Which contraction . . . astringeth the moistuBacon. 2. To bind by moral or legal obligation. Wolsey.


ASTRINGENCY As*tringen*cy, n. Defn: The quality of being astringent; the power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures; as, the astringency of tannin.


ASTRINGENT As*tringent, a. Etym: [L. astringens, p. pr. of astringere: cf. F. astringent. See Astringe.] 1. Drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; -- opposed to laxative; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent fruit. 2. Stern; austere; as, an astringent type of virtue.


ASTRINGENT As*tringent, n. Defn: A medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc. External astringents are called styptics. Dunglison.


ASTRINGENTLY As*tringent*ly, adv. Defn: In an astringent manner.


ASTRINGER As*tringer, n. Etym: [OE. ostreger, OF. ostrucier, F. autoursier, fr. OF. austour, ostor, hawk, F. autour; cf. L. acceptor, for accipiter, hawk.] Defn: A falconer who keeps a goschawk. [Obs.] Shak. Cowell. [Written also austringer.]


ASTRO- Astro-. Defn: The combining form of the Greek word 'a`stron, meaning star.


ASTROFEL; ASTROFELL Astro*fel, Astro*fell, n. Defn: A bitter herb, probably the same as aster, or starwort. Spenser.


ASTROGENY As*troge*ny, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. Defn: The creation or evolution of the stars or the heavens. H. Spencer.


ASTROGNOSY As*trogno*sy, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. Defn: The science or knowledge of the stars, esp. the fixed stars. Bouvier.


ASTROGONY As*trogo*ny, n. Defn: Same as Astrogeny. -- As`*tro*gonic, a.


ASTROGRAPHY As*trogra*phy, n. Etym: [Astro'cf + -graphy.] Defn: The art of describing or delineating the stars; a description or mapping of the heavens.


ASTROITE Astro*ite, n. Etym: [L. astroites: cf. F. astroite.] Defn: A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone. [Obs.] [Written also astrite and astrion.]


ASTROLABE Astro*labe, n. Etym: [OE. astrolabie, astrilabe, OF. astrelabe, F. astrolabe, LL. astrolabium, fr. Gr. 1. (Astron.) Defn: An instrument for observing or showing the positions of the stars. It is now disused. Note: Among the ancients, it was essentially the armillary sphere. A graduated circle with sights, for taking altitudes at sea, was called an astrolabe in the 18th century. It is now superseded by the quadrant and sextant. 2. A stereographic projection of the sphere on the plane of a great circle, as the equator, or a meridian; a planisphere. Whewell.


ASTROLATER As*trola*ter, n. Defn: A worshiper of the stars. Morley.


ASTROLATRY As*trola*try, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. astrol?trie.] Defn: The worship of the stars.


ASTROLITHOLOGY As`tro*li*tholo*gy, n. Etym: [Astro- + lithology.] Defn: The science of a?rolites.


ASTROLOGER As*trolo*ger, n. Etym: [See Astrology.] 1. One who studies the stars; an astronomer. [Obs.] 2. One who practices astrology; one who professes to foretell events by the aspects and situation of the stars.


ASTROLOGIAN As`tro*logi*an, n. Etym: [OF. astrologien.] Defn: An astrologer. [Obs.]


ASTROLOGIC; ASTROLOGICAL As`tro*logic, As`tro*logic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to astrology; professing or practicing astrology. Astrologi learning. Hudibras. Astrological prognostication. Cudworth. -- As`tro*logic*al*ly, adv.


ASTROLOGIZE As*trolo*gize, v. t. & i. Defn: To apply astrology to; to study or practice astrology.


ASTROLOGY As*trolo*gy, n. Etym: [F. astrologie, L. astrologia, fr. Gr. Star.] Defn: In its etymological signification, the science of the stars; among the ancients, synonymous with astronomy; subsequently, the art of judging of the influences of the stars upon human affairs, and of foretelling events by their position and aspects. Note: Astrology was much in vogue during the Middle Ages, and became the parent of modern astronomy, as alchemy did of chemistry. It was divided into two kinds: judicial astrology, which assumed to foretell the fate and acts of nations and individuals, and natural astrology, which undertook to predict events of inanimate nature, such as changes of the weather, etc.


ASTROMANTIC As`tro*mantic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to divination by means of the stars; astrologic. [R.] Dr. H. More.


ASTROMETEOROLOGY As`tro*me`te*or*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Astro- + meteorology.] Defn: The investigation of the relation between the sun, moon, and stars, and the weather. -- As`*tro*me`te*or`o*logic*al, a. -- As`tro*me`te*or*olo*gist, n.


ASTROMETER As*trome*ter, n. Etym: [Astro- + meter.] Defn: An instrument for comparing the relative amount of the light of stars.


ASTROMETRY As*trome*try, n. Etym: [Astro- + metry.] Defn: The art of making measurements among the stars, or of determining their relative magnitudes.


ASTRONOMER As*trono*mer, n. Etym: [See Astronomy.] 1. An astrologer. [Obs.] Shak. 2. One who is versed in astronomy; one who has a knowledge of the laws of the heavenly orbs, or the principles by which their motions are regulated, with their various phenomena. An undevout astronomer is mad. Young.


ASTRONOMIAN As`tro*nomi*an, n. Etym: [OE. & OF. astronomien. See Astronomy.] Defn: An astrologer. [Obs.]


ASTRONOMIC As`tro*nomic, a. Defn: Astronomical.


ASTRONOMICAL As`tro*nomic*al, a. Etym: [L. astronomicus, Gr. astronomique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to astronomy; in accordance with the methods or principles of astronomy. -- As`tro*nomic*al*ly, adv. Astronomical clock. See under Clock. -- Astronomical day. See under Day. -- Astronomical fractions, Astronomical numbers. See under Sexagesimal.


ASTRONOMIZE As*trono*mize, v. i. Etym: [Gr. Defn: To study or to talk astronomy. [R.] They astronomized in caves. Sir T. Browne.


ASTRONOMY As*trono*my, n. Etym: [OE. astronomie, F. astronomie, L. astronomia, fr. Gr. Star, and Nomad.] 1. Astrology. [Obs.] Not from the stars do I my judgment pluck; And yet methinks I have astronomy. Shak. 2. The science which treats of the celestial bodies, of their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods of revolution, eclipses, constitution, physical condition, and of the causes of their various phenomena. 3. A treatise on, or text-book of, the science. Physical astronomy. See under Physical.


ASTROPHEL Astro*phel, n. Defn: See Astrofel. [Obs.]


ASTROPHOTOGRAPHY As`tro*pho*togra*phy, n. Etym: [Astro- + photography.] Defn: The application of photography to the delineation of the sun, moon, and stars.


ASTROPHOTOMETER As`tro*pho*tome*ter, n. [Pref. astro- + photometer.] (Astron.) Defn: A photometer for measuring the brightness of stars.


ASTROPHOTOMETRY As`tro*pho*tome*try, n. (Astron.) Defn: The determination of the brightness of stars, and also of the sun, moon, and planets. --As`tro*pho`to*metric*al (#), a.


ASTROPHYSICAL As`tro*physic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to the physics of astronomical science.


ASTROPHYSICS As`tro*physics, n. [Astro-+ physics.] (Astron.) Defn: The science treating of the physical characteristics of the stars and other heavenly bodies, their chemical constitution, light, heat, atmospheres, etc. Its observations are made with the spectroscope, bolometer, etc., usually in connection with the telescope.


ASTROPHYTON As*trophy*ton, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. fyton a plant.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of ophiurans having the arms much branched.


ASTROSCOPE Astro*scope, n. Etym: [Astro- + scope.] Defn: An old astronomical instrument, formed of two cones, on whose surface the constellations were delineated.


ASTROSCOPY As*trosco*py, n. Defn: Observation of the stars. [Obs.]


ASTROTHEOLOGY As`tro*the*ol*o*gy, n. Etym: [Astro- + theology.] Defn: Theology founded on observation or knowledge of the celestial bodies. Derham.


ASTRUCTIVE A*structive, a. Etym: [L. astructus, p. p. of astruere to build up; ad + struere to build.] Defn: Building up; constructive; -- opposed to destructive. [Obs.]

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