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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

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ASTERION

ASTERION As*teri*on, n. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.) Defn: The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto- mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.

ASTERISCUS

ASTERISCUS As`ter*iscus, n. Etym: [L., an asterisk. See Asterisk.] (Anat.) Defn: The smaller of the two otoliths found in the inner ear of many fishes.

ASTERISK

ASTERISK Aster*isk, n. Etym: [L. asteriscus, Gr. Aster.] Defn: The figure of a star, thus,

ASTERISM

ASTERISM As`ter*ism, n. Etym: [Gr. ast?risme.] 1. (Astron.) (a) A constellation. [Obs.] (b) A small cluster of stars. 2. (Printing) (a) An asterisk, or mark of reference. [R.] (b) Three asterisks placed in this manner, *, to direct attention to a particular passage. 3. (Crystallog.) Defn: An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star- shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.

ASTERN

ASTERN A*stern, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + stern.] (Naut.) 1. In or at the hinder part of a ship; toward the hinder part, or stern; backward; as, to go astern. 2. Behind a ship; in the rear. A gale of wind right astern. De Foe. Left this strait astern. Drake. To bake astern, to go stern foremost. -- To be astern of the reckoning, to be behind the position given by the reckoning. -- To drop astern, to fall or be left behind. -- To go astern, to go backward, as from the action of currents or winds.

ASTERNAL

ASTERNAL A*sternal, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + sternal.] (Anat.) Defn: Not sternal; -- said of ribs which do not join the sternum.

ASTEROID

ASTEROID Aster*oid, n. Etym: [Gr. ast?ro?de. See Aster.] Defn: A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets.

ASTEROIDAL

ASTEROIDAL As`ter*oidal, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an asteroid, or to the asteroids.

ASTEROLEPIS

ASTEROLEPIS As`te*role*pis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A genus of fishes, some of which were eighteen or twenty feet long, found in a fossil state in the Old Red Sandstone. Hugh Miller.

ASTEROPE

ASTEROPE As*tero*pe, n. [Gr. , lit., lightning.] 1. (Myth.) Defn: One of the Pleiades; -- called also Sterope. 2. (Astron.) A double star in the Pleiades (21 k and 22 l Pleiadum, of the 5.8 and 6.4 magnitude respectively), appearing as a single star of the 5.3 magnitude to the naked eye.

ASTEROPHYLLITE

ASTEROPHYLLITE As`ter*ophyl*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A fossil plant from the coal formations of Europe and America, now regarded as the branchlets and foliage of calamites.

ASTERT

ASTERT A*stert, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + start; OE. asterten, asturten.] Defn: To start up; to befall; to escape; to shun. [Obs.] Spenser.

ASTERT

ASTERT A*stert, v. i. Defn: To escape. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ASTHENIA; ASTHENY

ASTHENIA; ASTHENY As`the*nia, Asthe*ny, n. Etym: [NL. asthenia, Gr. (Med.) Defn: Want or loss of strength; debility; diminution of the vital forces.

ASTHENIC

ASTHENIC As*thenic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Characterized by, or pertaining to, debility; weak; debilitating.

ASTHENOPIA

ASTHENOPIA As`the*nopi*a, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Weakness of sight. Quain. -- As`the*nopic, a.

ASTHMA

ASTHMA Asthma, n. Etym: [Gr. va, Goth. waian, to blow, E. wind.] (Med.) Defn: A disease, characterized by difficulty of breathing (due to a spasmodic contraction of the bronchi), recurring at intervals, accompanied with a wheezing sound, a sense of constriction in the chest, a cough, and expectoration.

ASTHMA PAPER

ASTHMA PAPER Asthma paper. Defn: Paper impregnated with saltpeter. The fumes from the burning paper are often inhaled as an alleviative by asthmatics.

ASTHMATIC

ASTHMATIC Asth*matic, n. Defn: A person affected with asthma.

ASTHMATIC; ASTHMATICAL

ASTHMATIC; ASTHMATICAL Asth*matic, Asth*matic*al, a. Etym: [L. asthmaticus, Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to asthma; as, an asthmatic cough; liable to, or suffering from, asthma; as, an asthmatic patient. -- Asth*matic*al*ly, adv.

ASTIGMATIC

ASTIGMATIC As`tig*matic, a. (Med. & Opt.) Defn: Affected with, or pertaining to, astigmatism; as, astigmatic eyes; also, remedying astigmatism; as, astigmatic lenses.

ASTIGMATISM

ASTIGMATISM A*stigma*tism, n. Etym: [Gr. astigmatisme.] (Med. & Opt.) Defn: A defect of the eye or of a lens, in consequence of which the rays derived from one point are not brought to a single focal point, thus causing imperfect images or indistictness of vision. Note: The term is applied especially to the defect causing images of lines having a certain direction to be indistinct, or imperfectly seen, while those of lines transverse to the former are distinct, or clearly seen.

ASTIPULATE

ASTIPULATE As*tipu*late, v. i. Etym: [L. astipulari; ad + stipulari to stipulate.] Defn: To assent. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

ASTIPULATION

ASTIPULATION As*tip`u*lation, n. Etym: [L. astipulatio.] Defn: Stipulation; agreement. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

ASTIR

ASTIR A*stir, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + stir.] Defn: Stirring; in a state of activity or motion; out of bed.

ASTOMATOUS; ASTOMOUS

ASTOMATOUS; ASTOMOUS A*stoma*tous, Asto*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Not possessing a mouth.

ASTON; ASTONE

ASTON; ASTONE As*ton, As*tone, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astoned, Astond, or Astound.] Etym: [See Astonish.] Defn: To stun; to astonish; to stupefy. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ASTONIED

ASTONIED As*tonied, p. p. Defn: Stunned; astonished. See Astony. [Archaic] And I astonied fell and could not pray. Mrs. Browning.

ASTONISH

ASTONISH As*tonish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astonished; p. pr. & vb. n. Astonishing.] Etym: [OE. astonien, astunian, astonen, OF. estoner, F. ?tonner, fr. L. ex out + tonare to thunder, but perhaps influenced by E. stun. See Thunder, Astound, Astony.] 1. To stun; to render senseless, as by a blow. [Obs.] Enough, captain; you have astonished him. [Fluellen had struck Pistol]. Shak. The very cramp-fish [i. e., torpedo] . . . being herself not benumbed, is able to astonish others. Holland. 2. To strike with sudden fear, terror, or wonder; to amaze; to surprise greatly, as with something unaccountable; to confound with some sudden emotion or passion. Musidorus . . . had his wits astonished with sorrow. Sidney. I, Daniel . . . was astonished at the vision. Dan. viii. 27. Syn. -- To amaze; astound; overwhelm; surprise. -- Astonished, Surprised. We are surprised at what is unexpected. We are astonished at what is above or beyond our comprehension. We are taken by surprise. We are struck with astonishment. C. J. Smith. See Amaze.

ASTONISHEDLY

ASTONISHEDLY As*tonish*ed*ly, adv. Defn: In an astonished manner. [R.] Bp. Hall.

ASTONISHING

ASTONISHING As*tonish*ing, a. Defn: Very wonderful; of a nature to excite astonishment; as, an astonishing event. Syn. -- Amazing; surprising; wonderful; marvelous. As*tonish*ing*ly, adv. -- As*tonish*ing*ness, n.

ASTONISHMENT

ASTONISHMENT As*tonish*ment, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. est, F. ?tonnement.] 1. The condition of one who is stunned. Hence: Numbness; loss of sensation; stupor; loss of sense. [Obs.] A coldness and astonishment in his loins, as folk say. Holland. 2. Dismay; consternation. [Archaic] Spenser. 3. The overpowering emotion excited when something unaccountable, wonderful, or dreadful is presented to the mind; an intense degree of surprise; amazement. Lest the place And my quaint habits breed astonishment. Milton. 4. The object causing such an emotion. Thou shalt become an astonishment. Deut. xxviii. 37. Syn. -- Amazement; wonder; surprise.

ASTONY

ASTONY As*tony, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astonied; p. pr. & vb. n. Astonying. See Astone.] Defn: To stun; to bewilder; to astonish; to dismay. [Archaic] The captain of the Helots . . . strake Palladius upon the side of his head, that he reeled astonied. Sir P. Sidney. This sodeyn cas this man astonied so, That reed he wex, abayst, and al quaking. Chaucer.

ASTOOP

ASTOOP A*stoop, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + stoop.] Defn: In a stooping or inclined position. Gay.

ASTOUND

ASTOUND As*tound, a. Etym: [OE. astouned, astound, astoned, p. p. of astone. See Astone.] Defn: Stunned; astounded; astonished. [Archaic] Spenser. Thus Ellen, dizzy and astound. As sudden ruin yawned around. Sir W. Scott.

ASTOUND

ASTOUND As*tound, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astounded, [Obs.] Astound; p. pr. & vb. n. Astounding.] Etym: [See Astound, a.] 1. To stun; to stupefy. No puissant stroke his senses once astound. Fairfax. 2. To astonish; to strike with amazement; to confound with wonder, surprise, or fear. These thoughts may startle well, but not astound The virtuous mind. Milton.

ASTOUNDING

ASTOUNDING As*tounding, a. Defn: Of a nature to astound; astonishing; amazing; as, an astounding force, statement, or fact. -- As*tounding*ly, adv.

ASTOUNDMENT

ASTOUNDMENT As*toundment, n. Defn: Amazement. Coleridge.

ASTRACHAN

ASTRACHAN As`tra*chan, a. & n. Defn: See Astrakhan.

ASTRADDLE

ASTRADDLE A*straddle, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + straddle.] Defn: In a straddling position; astride; bestriding; as, to sit astraddle a horse.

ASTRAEAN

ASTRAEAN As*tr?an, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Pertaining to the genus Astr?a or the family Astr?id?. -- n. Defn: A coral of the family Astr?id?; a star coral.

ASTRAGAL

ASTRAGAL Astra*gal, n. Etym: [L. astragalus, Gr. 1. (Arch.) Defn: A convex molding of rounded surface, generally from half to three quarters of a circle. 2. (Gun.) Defn: A round molding encircling a cannon near the mouth.

ASTRAGALAR

ASTRAGALAR As*traga*lar, a. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the astragalus.

ASTRAGALOID

ASTRAGALOID As*traga*loid, a. Etym: [Astragalus + -oid.] (Anat.) Defn: Resembling the astragalus in form.

ASTRAGALOMANCY

ASTRAGALOMANCY As*traga*lo*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy.] Defn: Divination by means of small bones or dice.

ASTRAGALUS

ASTRAGALUS As*traga*lus, n. Etym: [L. See Astragal.] 1. (Anat.) Defn: The ankle bone, or hock bone; the bone of the tarsus which articulates with the tibia at the ankle. 2. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of papilionaceous plants, of the tribe Galege?, containing numerous species, two of which are called, in English, milk vetch and licorice vetch. Gum tragacanth is obtained from different oriental species, particularly the A. gummifer and A. verus. 3. (Arch.) Defn: See Astragal, 1.

ASTRAKHAN

ASTRAKHAN As`tra*khan, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Astrakhan in Russia or its products; made of an Astrakhan skin. -- n. Defn: The skin of stillborn or young lambs of that region, the curled wool of which resembles fur.

ASTRAL

ASTRAL Astral, a. Etym: [L. astralis, fr. astrum star, Gr. astral. See Star.] Defn: Pertaining to, coming from, or resembling, the stars; starry; starlike. Shines only with an astral luster. I. Taylor. Some astral forms I must invoke by prayer. Dryden. Astral lamp, an Argand lamp so constructed that no shadow is cast upon the table by the flattened ring-shaped reservoir in which the oil is contained. -- Astral spirits, spirits formerly supposed to live in the heavenly bodies or the a?rial regions, and represented in the Middle Ages as fallen angels, spirits of the dead, or spirits originating in fire.

ASTRAND

ASTRAND A*strand, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + strand.] Defn: Stranded. Sir W. Scott.

ASTRAY

ASTRAY A*stray, adv. & a. Etym: [See Estray, Stray.] Defn: Out of the right, either in a literal or in a figurative sense; wandering; as, to lead one astray. Ye were as sheep going astray. 1 Pet. ii. 25.

ASTRICT

ASTRICT As*trict, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astricted; p. pr. & vb. n. Astricting.] Etym: [L. astrictus, p. p. of astringere. See Astringe.] 1. To bind up; to confine; to constrict; to contract. The solid parts were to be relaxed or astricted. Arbuthnot. 2. To bind; to constrain; to restrict; to limit. [R.] The mind is astricted to certain necessary modes or forms of thought. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. (Scots Law) Defn: To restrict the tenure of; as, to astrict lands. See Astriction, 4. Burrill.

ASTRICT

ASTRICT As*trict, a. Defn: Concise; contracted. [Obs.] Weever.

ASTRICTION

ASTRICTION As*triction, n. Etym: [L. astrictio.] 1. The act of binding; restriction; also, obligation. Milton. 2. (Med.) (a) A contraction of parts by applications; the action of an astringent substance on the animal economy. Dunglison. (b) Constipation. Arbuthnot. 3. Astringency. [Obs.] Bacon. 4. (Scots Law) Defn: An obligation to have the grain growing on certain lands ground at a certain mill, the owner paying a toll. Bell. Note: The lands were said to be astricted to the mill.

ASTRICTIVE

ASTRICTIVE As*trictive, a. Defn: Binding; astringent. -- n. Defn: An astringent. -- As*trictive*ly, adv.

ASTRICTORY

ASTRICTORY As*tricto*ry, a. Defn: Astrictive. [R.]

ASTRIDE

ASTRIDE A*stride, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + stride.] Defn: With one leg on each side, as a man when on horseback; with the legs stretched wide apart; astraddle. Placed astride upon the bars of the palisade. Sir W. Scott. Glasses with horn bows sat astride on his nose. Longfellow.

ASTRIFEROUS

ASTRIFEROUS As*trifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. astrifer; astrum star + ferre to bear.] Defn: Bearing stars. [R.] Blount.

ASTRINGE

ASTRINGE As*tringe, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Astringed; p. pr. & vb. n. Astringing.] Etym: [L. astringere; ad + stringere to draw tight. Cf. Astrict, and see Strain, v. t.] 1. To bind fast; to constrict; to contract; to cause parts to draw together; to compress. Which contraction . . . astringeth the moistuBacon. 2. To bind by moral or legal obligation. Wolsey.

ASTRINGENCY

ASTRINGENCY As*tringen*cy, n. Defn: The quality of being astringent; the power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures; as, the astringency of tannin.

ASTRINGENT

ASTRINGENT As*tringent, a. Etym: [L. astringens, p. pr. of astringere: cf. F. astringent. See Astringe.] 1. Drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; -- opposed to laxative; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent fruit. 2. Stern; austere; as, an astringent type of virtue.

ASTRINGENT

ASTRINGENT As*tringent, n. Defn: A medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc. External astringents are called styptics. Dunglison.

ASTRINGENTLY

ASTRINGENTLY As*tringent*ly, adv. Defn: In an astringent manner.

ASTRINGER

ASTRINGER As*tringer, n. Etym: [OE. ostreger, OF. ostrucier, F. autoursier, fr. OF. austour, ostor, hawk, F. autour; cf. L. acceptor, for accipiter, hawk.] Defn: A falconer who keeps a goschawk. [Obs.] Shak. Cowell. [Written also austringer.]

ASTRO

ASTRO- Astro-. Defn: The combining form of the Greek word 'a`stron, meaning star.

ASTROFEL; ASTROFELL

ASTROFEL; ASTROFELL Astro*fel, Astro*fell, n. Defn: A bitter herb, probably the same as aster, or starwort. Spenser.

ASTROGENY

ASTROGENY As*troge*ny, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. Defn: The creation or evolution of the stars or the heavens. H. Spencer.

ASTROGNOSY

ASTROGNOSY As*trogno*sy, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. Defn: The science or knowledge of the stars, esp. the fixed stars. Bouvier.

ASTROGONY

ASTROGONY As*trogo*ny, n. Defn: Same as Astrogeny. -- As`*tro*gonic, a.

ASTROGRAPHY

ASTROGRAPHY As*trogra*phy, n. Etym: [Astro'cf + -graphy.] Defn: The art of describing or delineating the stars; a description or mapping of the heavens.

ASTROITE

ASTROITE Astro*ite, n. Etym: [L. astroites: cf. F. astroite.] Defn: A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone. [Obs.] [Written also astrite and astrion.]

ASTROLABE

ASTROLABE Astro*labe, n. Etym: [OE. astrolabie, astrilabe, OF. astrelabe, F. astrolabe, LL. astrolabium, fr. Gr. 1. (Astron.) Defn: An instrument for observing or showing the positions of the stars. It is now disused. Note: Among the ancients, it was essentially the armillary sphere. A graduated circle with sights, for taking altitudes at sea, was called an astrolabe in the 18th century. It is now superseded by the quadrant and sextant. 2. A stereographic projection of the sphere on the plane of a great circle, as the equator, or a meridian; a planisphere. Whewell.

ASTROLATER

ASTROLATER As*trola*ter, n. Defn: A worshiper of the stars. Morley.

ASTROLATRY

ASTROLATRY As*trola*try, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. astrol?trie.] Defn: The worship of the stars.

ASTROLITHOLOGY

ASTROLITHOLOGY As`tro*li*tholo*gy, n. Etym: [Astro- + lithology.] Defn: The science of a?rolites.

ASTROLOGER

ASTROLOGER As*trolo*ger, n. Etym: [See Astrology.] 1. One who studies the stars; an astronomer. [Obs.] 2. One who practices astrology; one who professes to foretell events by the aspects and situation of the stars.

ASTROLOGIAN

ASTROLOGIAN As`tro*logi*an, n. Etym: [OF. astrologien.] Defn: An astrologer. [Obs.]

ASTROLOGIC; ASTROLOGICAL

ASTROLOGIC; ASTROLOGICAL As`tro*logic, As`tro*logic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to astrology; professing or practicing astrology. Astrologi learning. Hudibras. Astrological prognostication. Cudworth. -- As`tro*logic*al*ly, adv.

ASTROLOGIZE

ASTROLOGIZE As*trolo*gize, v. t. & i. Defn: To apply astrology to; to study or practice astrology.

ASTROLOGY

ASTROLOGY As*trolo*gy, n. Etym: [F. astrologie, L. astrologia, fr. Gr. Star.] Defn: In its etymological signification, the science of the stars; among the ancients, synonymous with astronomy; subsequently, the art of judging of the influences of the stars upon human affairs, and of foretelling events by their position and aspects. Note: Astrology was much in vogue during the Middle Ages, and became the parent of modern astronomy, as alchemy did of chemistry. It was divided into two kinds: judicial astrology, which assumed to foretell the fate and acts of nations and individuals, and natural astrology, which undertook to predict events of inanimate nature, such as changes of the weather, etc.

ASTROMANTIC

ASTROMANTIC As`tro*mantic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to divination by means of the stars; astrologic. [R.] Dr. H. More.

ASTROMETEOROLOGY

ASTROMETEOROLOGY As`tro*me`te*or*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Astro- + meteorology.] Defn: The investigation of the relation between the sun, moon, and stars, and the weather. -- As`*tro*me`te*or`o*logic*al, a. -- As`tro*me`te*or*olo*gist, n.

ASTROMETER

ASTROMETER As*trome*ter, n. Etym: [Astro- + meter.] Defn: An instrument for comparing the relative amount of the light of stars.

ASTROMETRY

ASTROMETRY As*trome*try, n. Etym: [Astro- + metry.] Defn: The art of making measurements among the stars, or of determining their relative magnitudes.

ASTRONOMER

ASTRONOMER As*trono*mer, n. Etym: [See Astronomy.] 1. An astrologer. [Obs.] Shak. 2. One who is versed in astronomy; one who has a knowledge of the laws of the heavenly orbs, or the principles by which their motions are regulated, with their various phenomena. An undevout astronomer is mad. Young.

ASTRONOMIAN

ASTRONOMIAN As`tro*nomi*an, n. Etym: [OE. & OF. astronomien. See Astronomy.] Defn: An astrologer. [Obs.]

ASTRONOMIC

ASTRONOMIC As`tro*nomic, a. Defn: Astronomical.

ASTRONOMICAL

ASTRONOMICAL As`tro*nomic*al, a. Etym: [L. astronomicus, Gr. astronomique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to astronomy; in accordance with the methods or principles of astronomy. -- As`tro*nomic*al*ly, adv. Astronomical clock. See under Clock. -- Astronomical day. See under Day. -- Astronomical fractions, Astronomical numbers. See under Sexagesimal.

ASTRONOMIZE

ASTRONOMIZE As*trono*mize, v. i. Etym: [Gr. Defn: To study or to talk astronomy. [R.] They astronomized in caves. Sir T. Browne.

ASTRONOMY

ASTRONOMY As*trono*my, n. Etym: [OE. astronomie, F. astronomie, L. astronomia, fr. Gr. Star, and Nomad.] 1. Astrology. [Obs.] Not from the stars do I my judgment pluck; And yet methinks I have astronomy. Shak. 2. The science which treats of the celestial bodies, of their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods of revolution, eclipses, constitution, physical condition, and of the causes of their various phenomena. 3. A treatise on, or text-book of, the science. Physical astronomy. See under Physical.

ASTROPHEL

ASTROPHEL Astro*phel, n. Defn: See Astrofel. [Obs.]

ASTROPHOTOGRAPHY

ASTROPHOTOGRAPHY As`tro*pho*togra*phy, n. Etym: [Astro- + photography.] Defn: The application of photography to the delineation of the sun, moon, and stars.

ASTROPHOTOMETER

ASTROPHOTOMETER As`tro*pho*tome*ter, n. [Pref. astro- + photometer.] (Astron.) Defn: A photometer for measuring the brightness of stars.

ASTROPHOTOMETRY

ASTROPHOTOMETRY As`tro*pho*tome*try, n. (Astron.) Defn: The determination of the brightness of stars, and also of the sun, moon, and planets. --As`tro*pho`to*metric*al (#), a.

ASTROPHYSICAL

ASTROPHYSICAL As`tro*physic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to the physics of astronomical science.

ASTROPHYSICS

ASTROPHYSICS As`tro*physics, n. [Astro-+ physics.] (Astron.) Defn: The science treating of the physical characteristics of the stars and other heavenly bodies, their chemical constitution, light, heat, atmospheres, etc. Its observations are made with the spectroscope, bolometer, etc., usually in connection with the telescope.

ASTROPHYTON

ASTROPHYTON As*trophy*ton, n. Etym: [Astro- + Gr. fyton a plant.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of ophiurans having the arms much branched.

ASTROSCOPE

ASTROSCOPE Astro*scope, n. Etym: [Astro- + scope.] Defn: An old astronomical instrument, formed of two cones, on whose surface the constellations were delineated.

ASTROSCOPY

ASTROSCOPY As*trosco*py, n. Defn: Observation of the stars. [Obs.]

ASTROTHEOLOGY

ASTROTHEOLOGY As`tro*the*ol*o*gy, n. Etym: [Astro- + theology.] Defn: Theology founded on observation or knowledge of the celestial bodies. Derham.

ASTRUCTIVE

ASTRUCTIVE A*structive, a. Etym: [L. astructus, p. p. of astruere to build up; ad + struere to build.] Defn: Building up; constructive; -- opposed to destructive. [Obs.]

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