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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ASSISTANT

ASSISTANT As*sistant, a. Etym: [Cf. F. assistant, p. pr. of assister.] 1. Helping; lending aid or support; auxiliary. Genius and learning . . . are mutually and greatly assistant to each other. Beattie. 2. (Mil.) Defn: Of the second grade in the staff of the army; as, an assistant surgeon. [U.S.] Note: In the English army it designates the third grade in any particular branch of the staff. Farrow.

ASSISTANT

ASSISTANT As*sistant, n. 1. One who, or that which, assists; a helper; an auxiliary; a means of help. Four assistants who his labor share. Pope. Rhymes merely as assistants to memory. Mrs. Chapone. 2. An attendant; one who is present. Dryden.

ASSISTANTLY

ASSISTANTLY As*sistant*ly, adv. Defn: In a manner to give aid. [R.]

ASSISTER

ASSISTER As*sister, n. Defn: An assistant; a helper.

ASSISTFUL

ASSISTFUL As*sistful, a. Defn: Helpful.

ASSISTIVE

ASSISTIVE As*sistive, a. Defn: Lending aid, helping.

ASSISTLESS

ASSISTLESS As*sistless, a. Defn: Without aid or help. [R.] Pope.

ASSISTOR

ASSISTOR As*sistor, n. (Law) Defn: A assister.

ASSITHMENT

ASSITHMENT As*sithment, n. Defn: See Assythment. [Obs.]

ASSIZE

ASSIZE As*size, n. Etym: [OE. assise, asise, OF. assise, F. assises, assembly of judges, the decree pronounced by them, tax, impost, fr. assis, assise, p. p. of asseoir, fr. L. assid to sit by; ad + sed to sit. See Sit, Size, and cf. Excise, Assess.] 1. An assembly of knights and other substantial men, with a bailiff or justice, in a certain place and at a certain time, for public business. [Obs.] 2. (Law) (a) A special kind of jury or inquest. (b) A kind of writ or real action. (c) A verdict or finding of a jury upon such writ. (d) A statute or ordinance in general. Specifically: (1) A statute regulating the weight, measure, and proportions of ingredients and the price of articles sold in the market; as, the assize of bread and other provisions; (2) A statute fixing the standard of weights and measures. (e) Anything fixed or reduced to a certainty in point of time, number, quantity, quality, weight, measure, etc.; as, rent of assize. Glanvill. Spelman. Cowell. Blackstone. Tomlins. Burrill. Note: [This term is not now used in England in the sense of a writ or real action, and seldom of a jury of any kind, but in Scotch practice it is still technically applied to the jury in criminal cases. Stephen. Burrill. Erskine.] (f) A court, the sitting or session of a court, for the trial of processes, whether civil or criminal, by a judge and jury. Blackstone. Wharton. Encyc. Brit. (g) The periodical sessions of the judges of the superior courts in every county of England for the purpose of administering justice in the trial and determination of civil and criminal cases; -- usually in the plural. Brande. Wharton. Craig. Burrill. (h) The time or place of holding the court of assize; -- generally in the plural, assizes. 3. Measure; dimension; size. [In this sense now corrupted into size.] An hundred cubits high by just assize. Spenser. [Formerly written, as in French, assise.]

ASSIZE

ASSIZE As*size, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Assized; p. pr. & vb. n. Assizing.] Etym: [From Assize, n.: cf. LL. assisare to decree in assize. Cf. Asses, v.] 1. To assess; to value; to rate. [Obs.] Gower. 2. To fix the weight, measure, or price of, by an ordinance or regulation of authority. [Obs.]

ASSIZER

ASSIZER As*sizer, n. Defn: An officer who has the care or inspection of weights and measures, etc.

ASSIZOR

ASSIZOR As*sizor, n. (Scots Law) Defn: A juror.

ASSOBER

ASSOBER As*sober, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ad- + sober. Cf. Ensober.] Defn: To make or keep sober. [Obs.] Gower.

ASSOCIABILITY

ASSOCIABILITY As*so`cia*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being associable, or capable of association; associableness. The associability of feelings. H. Spencer.

ASSOCIABLE

ASSOCIABLE As*socia*ble, a. Etym: [See Associate.] 1. Capable of being associated or joined. We know feelings to be associable only by the proved ability of one to revive another. H. Spencer. 2. Sociable; companionable. [Obs.] 3. (Med.) Defn: Liable to be affected by sympathy with other parts; -- said of organs, nerves, muscles, etc. The stomach, the most associable of all the organs of the animal body. Med. Rep.

ASSOCIABLENESS

ASSOCIABLENESS As*socia*ble*ness, n. Defn: Associability.

ASSOCIATE

ASSOCIATE As*soci*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Associated; p. pr. & vb. n. Associating.] Etym: [L. associatus, p. p. of associare; ad + sociare to join or unite, socius companion. See Social.] 1. To join with one, as a friend, companion, partner, or confederate; as, to associate others with . 2. To join or connect; to combine in acting; as, particles of gold associated with other substances. 3. To connect or place together in thought. He succeeded in associating his name inseparably with some names which will last an long as our language. Macaulay. 4. To accompany; to keep company with. [Obs.] Friends should associate friends in grief and woe. Shak.

ASSOCIATE

ASSOCIATE As*soci*ate, v. i. 1. To unite in company; to keep company, implying intimacy; as, congenial minds are disposed to associate. 2. To unite in action, or to be affected by the action of a different part of the body. E. Darwin.

ASSOCIATE

ASSOCIATE As*soci*ate, a. Etym: [L. associatus, p. p.] 1. Closely connected or joined with some other, as in interest, purpose, employment, or office; sharing responsibility or authority; as, an associate judge. While I descend . . . to my associate powers. Milton. 2. Admitted to some, but not to all, rights and privileges; as, an associate member. 3. (Physiol.) Defn: Connected by habit or sympathy; as, associate motions, such as occur sympathetically, in consequence of preceding motions. E. Darwin.

ASSOCIATE

ASSOCIATE As*soci*ate, n. 1. A companion; one frequently in company with another, implying intimacy or equality; a mate; a fellow. 2. A partner in interest, as in business; or a confederate in a league. 3. One connected with an association or institution without the full rights or privileges of a regular member; as, an associate of the Royal Academy. 4. Anything closely or usually connected with another; an concomitant. The one [idea] no sooner comes into the understanding, than its associate appears with it. Locke. Syn. -- Companion; mate; fellow; friend; ally; partner; coadjutor; comrade; accomplice.

ASSOCIATED

ASSOCIATED As*soci*a`ted, a. Defn: Joined as a companion; brought into association; accompanying; combined. Associated movements (Physiol.), consensual movements which accompany voluntary efforts without our consciousness. Dunglison.

ASSOCIATESHIP

ASSOCIATESHIP As*soci*ate*ship, n. Defn: The state of an associate, as in Academy or an office.

ASSOCIATION

ASSOCIATION As*so`ci*ation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. association, LL. associatio, fr. L. associare.] 1. The act of associating, or state of being associated; union; connection, whether of persons of things. Some . . . bond of association. Hooker. Self-denial is a kind of holy association with God. Boyle. 2. Mental connection, or that which is mentally linked or associated with a thing. Words . . . must owe their powers association. Johnson. Why should . . . the holiest words, with all their venerable associations, be profaned Coleridge. 3. Union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose; as, the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a benevolent association. Specifically, as among the Congregationalists, a society, consisting of a number of ministers, generally the pastors of neighboring churches, united for promoting the interests of religion and the harmony of the churches. Association of ideas (Physiol.), the combination or connection of states of mind or their objects with one another, as the result of which one is said to be revived or represented by means of the other. The relations according to which they are thus connected or revived are called the law of association. Prominent among them are reckoned the relations of time and place, and of cause and effect. Porter.

ASSOCIATIONAL

ASSOCIATIONAL As*so`ci*ation*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to association, or to an association. 2. Pertaining to the theory held by the associationists.

ASSOCIATIONISM

ASSOCIATIONISM As*so`ci*ation*ism, n. (Philos.) Defn: The doctrine or theory held by associationists.

ASSOCIATIONIST

ASSOCIATIONIST As*so`ci*ation*ist, n. (Philos.) Defn: One who explains the higher functions and relations of the soul by the association of ideas; e. g., Hartley, J. C. Mill.

ASSOCIATIVE

ASSOCIATIVE As*soci*a*tive, a. Defn: Having the quality of associating; tending or leading to association; as, the associative faculty. Hugh Miller.

ASSOCIATOR

ASSOCIATOR As*soci*a`tor, n. Defn: An associate; a confederate or partner in any scheme. How Pennsylvania's air agrees with Quakers, And Carolina's with associators. Dryden.

ASSOIL

ASSOIL As*soil, v. t. Etym: [OF. assoiler, absoiler, assoldre, F. absoudre, L. absolvere. See Absolve.] 1. To set free; to release. [Archaic] Till from her hands the spright assoiled is. Spenser. 2. To solve; to clear up. [Obs.] Any child might soon be able to assoil this riddle. Bp. Jewel. 3. To set free from guilt; to absolve. [Archaic] Acquitted and assoiled from the guilt. Dr. H. More. Many persons think themselves fairly assoiled, because they are . . . not of scandalous lives. Jer. Taylor. 4. To expiate; to atone for. [Archaic] Spenser. Let each act assoil a fault. E. Arnold. 5. To remove; to put off. [Obs.] She soundly slept, and careful thoughts did quite assoil. Spenser.

ASSOIL

ASSOIL As*soil, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ad- + soil.] Defn: To soil; to stain. [Obs. or Poet.] Beau. & Fl. Ne'er assoil my cobwebbed shield. Wordsworth.

ASSOILMENT

ASSOILMENT As*soilment, n. Defn: Act of assoiling, or state of being assoiled; absolution; acquittal.

ASSOILMENT

ASSOILMENT As*soilment, n. Defn: A soiling; defilement.

ASSOILZIE; ASSOILYIE

ASSOILZIE; ASSOILYIE As*soilzie, As*soilyie, v. t. Etym: [Old form assoil. See Assoil.] (Scots Law) Defn: To absolve; to acquit by sentence of court. God assoilzie him for the sin of bloodshed. Sir W. Scott.

ASSONANCE

ASSONANCE Asso*nance, n. Etym: [Cf. F. assonance. See Assonant.] 1. Resemblance of sound. The disagreeable assonance of Steevens. 2. (Pros.) Defn: A peculiar species of rhyme, in which the last accented vowel and those which follow it in one word correspond in sound with the vowels of another word, while the consonants of the two words are unlike in sound; as, calamo and platano, baby and chary. The assonance is peculiar to the Spaniard. Hallam. 3. Incomplete correspondence. Assonance between facts seemingly remote. Lowell.

ASSONANT

ASSONANT Asso*nant, a. Etym: [L. assonans, p. pr. of assonare to sound to, to correspond to in sound; ad + sonare to sound, sonus sound: cf. F. assonant. See Sound.] 1. Having a resemblance of sounds. 2. (Pros.) Defn: Pertaining to the peculiar species of rhyme called assonance; not consonant.

ASSONANTAL

ASSONANTAL As`so*nantal, a. Defn: Assonant.

ASSONATE

ASSONATE Asso*nate, v. i. Etym: [L. assonare, assonatum, to respond to.] Defn: To correspond in sound.

ASSORT

ASSORT As*sort, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Assorted; p. pr. & vb. n. Assorting.] Etym: [F. assortir; (L. ad) + sortir to cast or draw lots, to obtain by lot, L. sortiri, fr. sors, sortis, lot. See Sort.] 1. To separate and distribute into classes, as things of a like kind, nature, or quality, or which are suited to a like purpose; to classify; as, to assort goods. Note: [Rarely applied to persons.] They appear . . . no ways assorted to those with whom they must associate. Burke. 2. To furnish with, or make up of, various sorts or a variety of goods; as, to assort a cargo.

ASSORT

ASSORT As*sort, v. i. Defn: To agree; to be in accordance; to be adapted; to suit; to fall into a class or place. Mitford.

ASSORTED

ASSORTED As*sorted, a. Defn: Selected; culled.

ASSORTMENT

ASSORTMENT As*sortment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. assortiment.] 1. Act of assorting, or distributing into sorts, kinds, or classes. 2. A collection or quantity of things distributed into kinds or sorts; a number of things assorted. 3. A collection containing a variety of sorts or kinds adapted to various wants, demands, or purposes; as, an assortment of goods.

ASSOT

ASSOT As*sot, v. t. Etym: [OF. asoter, F. assoter; ad) + sot stupid. See Sot.] Defn: To besot; to befool; to beguile; to infatuate. [Obs.] Some ecstasy assotted had his sense. Spenser.

ASSOT

ASSOT As*sot, a. Defn: Dazed; foolish; infatuated. [Obs.] Willie, I ween thou be assot. Spenser.

ASSUAGE

ASSUAGE As*suage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Assuaged; p. pr. & vb. n. Assuaging.] Etym: [OE. asuagen, aswagen, OF. asoagier, asuagier, fr. assouagier, fr. L. ad + suavis sweet. See Sweet.] Defn: To soften, in a figurative sense; to allay, mitigate, ease, or lessen, as heat, pain, or grief; to appease or pacify, as passion or tumult; to satisfy, as appetite or desire. Refreshing winds the summer's heat assuage. Addison. To assuage the sorrows of a desolate old man Burke. The fount at which the panting mind assuages Her thirst of knowledge. Byron. Syn. -- To alleviate; mitigate; appease; soothe; calm; tranquilize; relieve. See Alleviate.

ASSUAGE

ASSUAGE As*suage, v. i. Defn: To abate or subside. [Archaic] The waters assuaged. Gen. vii. 1. The plague being come to a crisis, its fury began to assuage. De Foe.

ASSUAGEMENT

ASSUAGEMENT As*suagement, n. Etym: [OF. assouagement, asuagement.] Defn: Mitigation; abatement.

ASSUAGER

ASSUAGER As*suager, n. Defn: One who, or that which, assuages.

ASSUASIVE

ASSUASIVE As*suasive, a. Etym: [From assuage, as if this were fr. a supposed L. assuadere to persuade to; or from E. pref. ad + -suasive as in persuasive.] Defn: Mitigating; tranquilizing; soothing. [R.] Music her soft assuasive voice applies. Pope.

ASSUBJUGATE

ASSUBJUGATE As*subju*gate, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ad- + subjugate.] Defn: To bring into subjection. [Obs.] Shak.

ASSUEFACTION

ASSUEFACTION As`sue*faction, n. Etym: [L. assuefacere to accustom to; assuetus (p. p. of assuescere to accustom to) + facere to make; cf. OF. assuefaction.] Defn: The act of accustoming, or the state of being accustomed; habituation. [Obs.] Custom and studies efform the soul like wax, and by assuefaction introduce a nature. Jer. Taylor.

ASSUETUDE

ASSUETUDE Assue*tude, n. Etym: [L. assuetudo, fr. assuetus accustomed.] Defn: Accustomedness; habit; habitual use. Assuetude of things hurtful doth make them lose their force to hurt. Bacon.

ASSUMABLE

ASSUMABLE As*suma*ble, a. Defn: That may be assumed.

ASSUMABLY

ASSUMABLY As*suma*bly, adv. Defn: By way of assumption.

ASSUME

ASSUME As*sume, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Assumed; p. pr. & vb. n. Assuming.] Etym: [L. assumere; ad + sumere to take; sub + emere to take, buy: cf. F. assumer. See Redeem.] 1. To take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly. Trembling they stand while Jove assumes the throne. Pope. The god assumed his native form again. Pope. 2. To take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively. The consequences of assumed principles. Whewell. 3. To pretend to possess; to take in appearance. Ambition assuming the mask of religion. Porteus. Assume a virtue, if you have it not. Shak. 4. To receive or adopt. The sixth was a young knight of lesser renown and lower rank, assumed into that honorable company. Sir W. Scott. Syn. -- To arrogate; usurp; appropriate.

ASSUME

ASSUME As*sume, v. i. 1. To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due. Bp. Burnet. 2. (Law) Defn: To undertake, as by a promise. Burrill.

ASSUMED

ASSUMED As*sumed, a. 1. Supposed. 2. Pretended; hypocritical; make-believe; as, an assumed character.

ASSUMEDLY

ASSUMEDLY As*sumed*ly, adv. Defn: By assumption.

ASSUMENT

ASSUMENT As*sument, n. Etym: [L. assumentum, fr. ad + suere to sew.] Defn: A patch; an addition; a piece put on. [Obs.] John Lewis (1731).

ASSUMER

ASSUMER As*sumer, n. Defn: One who assumes, arrogates, pretends, or supposes. W. D. Whitney.

ASSUMING

ASSUMING As*suming, a. Defn: Pretentious; taking much upon one's self; presumptuous. Burke.

ASSUMPSIT

ASSUMPSIT As*sumpsit, n. Etym: [L., he undertook, pret. of L. assumere. See Assume.] (Law) (a) A promise or undertaking, founded on a consideration. This promise may be oral or in writing not under seal. It may be express or implied. (b) An action to recover damages for a breach or nonperformance of a contract or promise, express or implied, oral or in writing not under seal. Common or indebitatus assumpsit is brought for the most part on an implied promise. Special assumpsit is founded on an express promise or undertaking. Wharton.

ASSUMPT

ASSUMPT As*sumpt, v. t. Etym: [L. assumptus, p. p. of assumere. See Assume.] Defn: To take up; to elevate; to assume. [Obs.] Sheldon.

ASSUMPT

ASSUMPT As*sumpt, n. Etym: [L. assumptum, p. p. neut. of assumere.] Defn: That which is assumed; an assumption. [Obs.] The sun of all your assumpts is this. Chillingworth.

ASSUMPTION

ASSUMPTION As*sumption, n. Etym: [OE. assumpcioun a taking up into heaven, L. assumptio a taking, fr. assumere: cf. F. assomption. See Assume.] 1. The act of assuming, or taking to or upon one's self; the act of taking up or adopting. The assumption of authority. Whewell. 2. The act of taking for granted, or supposing a thing without proof; supposition; unwarrantable claim. This gives no sanction to the unwarrantable assumption that the soul sleeps from the period of death to the resurrection of the body. Thodey. That calm assumption of the virtues. W. Black. 3. The thing supposed; a postulate, or proposition assumed; a supposition. Hold! says the Stoic; your assumption's wrong. Dryden. 4. (Logic) Defn: The minor or second proposition in a categorical syllogism. 5. The taking of a person up into heaven. Hence: (Rom. Cath. & Greek Churches) Defn: A festival in honor of the ascent of the Virgin Mary into heaven.

ASSUMPTIVE

ASSUMPTIVE As*sumptive, a. Etym: [L. assumptivus, fr. assumptus, fr. assumere.] Defn: Assumed, or capable of being assumed; characterized by assumption; making unwarranted claims. -- As*sumptive*ly, adv. Assumptive arms (Her.), originally, arms which a person had a right to assume, in consequence of an exploit; now, those assumed without sanction of the Heralds' College. Percy Smith.

ASSURANCE

ASSURANCE As*surance, n. Etym: [OE. assuraunce, F. assurance, fr. assurer. See Assure.] 1. The act of assuring; a declaration tending to inspire full confidence; that which is designed to give confidence. Whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead. Acts xvii. 31. Assurances of support came pouring in daily. Macaulay. 2. The state of being assured; firm persuasion; full confidence or trust; freedom from doubt; certainty. Let us draw with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience. Heb. x. 22. 3. Firmness of mind; undoubting, steadiness; intrepidity; courage; confidence; self-reliance. Brave men meet danger with assurance. Knolles. Conversation with the world will give them knowledge and assurance. Locke. 4. Excess of boldness; impudence; audacity; as, his assurance is intolerable. 5. Betrothal; affiance. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney. 6. Insurance; a contract for the payment of a sum on occasion of a certain event, as loss or death. Note: Recently, assurance has been used, in England, in relation to life contingencies, and insurance in relation to other contingencies. It is called temporary assurance, in the time within which the contingent event must happen is limited. See Insurance. 7. (Law) Defn: Any written or other legal evidence of the conveyance of property; a conveyance; a deed. Note: In England, the legal evidences of the conveyance of property are called the common assurances of the kingdom. Blackstone.

ASSURE

ASSURE As*sure, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Assured; p. pr. & vb. n. Assuring.] Etym: [OF. ase?rer, F. assurer, LL. assecurare; L. ad + securus secure, sure, certain. See Secure, Sure, and cf. Insure.] 1. To make sure or certain; to render confident by a promise, declaration, or other evidence. His promise that thy seed shall bruise our foe . . . Assures me that the bitterness of death Is past, and we shall live. Milton. 2. To declare to, solemnly; to assert to (any one) with the design of inspiring belief or confidence. I dare assure thee that no enemy Shall ever take alive the noble Brutus. Shak. 3. To confirm; to make certain or secure. And it shall be assured to him. Lev. xxvii. 19. And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. 1 John iii. 19. 4. To affiance; to betroth. [Obs.] Shak. 5. (Law) Defn: To insure; to covenant to indemnify for loss, or to pay a specified sum at death. See Insure. Syn. -- To declare; aver; avouch; vouch; assert; asseverate; protest; persuade; convince.

ASSURED

ASSURED As*sured, a. Defn: Made sure; safe; insured; certain; indubitable; not doubting; bold to excess.

ASSURED

ASSURED As*sured, n. Defn: One whose life or property is insured.

ASSUREDLY

ASSUREDLY As*sured*ly, adv. Defn: Certainly; indubitably. The siege assuredly I'll raise. Shak.

ASSUREDNESS

ASSUREDNESS As*sured*ness, n. Defn: The state of being assured; certainty; full confidence.

ASSURER

ASSURER As*surer, n. 1. One who assures. Specifically: One who insures against loss; an insurer or underwriter. 2. One who takes out a life assurance policy.

ASSURGENCY

ASSURGENCY As*surgen*cy, n. Defn: Act of rising. The . . . assurgency of the spirit through the body. Coleridge.

ASSURGENT

ASSURGENT As*surgent, a. Etym: [L. assurgens, p. pr. of assurgere; ad + surgere to rise.] Defn: Ascending; (Bot.) Defn: rising obliquely; curving upward. Gray.

ASSURING

ASSURING As*suring, a. Defn: That assures; tending to assure; giving confidence. -- As*suring*ly, adv.

ASSWAGE

ASSWAGE As*swage, v. Defn: See Assuage.

ASSYRIAN

ASSYRIAN As*syri*an, a. Etym: [L. Assyrius.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Assyria, or to its inhabitants. -- n. A native or an inhabitant of Assyria; the language of Assyria.

ASSYRIOLOGICAL

ASSYRIOLOGICAL As*syr`i*o*logic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Assyriology; as, Assyriological studies.

ASSYRIOLOGIST

ASSYRIOLOGIST As*syr`i*olo*gist, n. Defn: One versed in Assyriology; a student of Assyrian arch?ology.

ASSYRIOLOGY

ASSYRIOLOGY As*syr`i*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Assyria + -logy.] Defn: The science or study of the antiquities, language, etc., of ancient Assyria.

ASSYTHMENT

ASSYTHMENT As*sythment, n. Etym: [From OF. aset, asez, orig. meaning enough. See Assets.] Defn: Indemnification for injury; satisfaction. [Chiefly in Scots law]

ASTACUS

ASTACUS Asta*cus, n. Etym: [L. astacus a crab, Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of crustaceans, containing the crawfish of fresh-water lobster of Europe, and allied species of western North America. See Crawfish.

ASTARBOARD

ASTARBOARD A*starboard, adv. (Naut.) Defn: Over to the starboard side; -- said of the tiller.

ASTART

ASTART A*start, v. t. & i. Defn: Same as Astert. [Obs.]

ASTARTE

ASTARTE As*tarte, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of bivalve mollusks, common on the coasts of America and Europe.

ASTATE

ASTATE A*state, n. Defn: Estate; state. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ASTATIC

ASTATIC A*static, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + static.] (Magnetism) Defn: Having little or no tendency to take a fixed or definite position or direction: thus, a suspended magnetic needle, when rendered astatic, loses its polarity, or tendency to point in a given direction. Astatic pair (Magnetism), a pair of magnetic needles so mounted as to be nearly or quite astatic, as in some galvanometers.

ASTATICALLY

ASTATICALLY A*static*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an astatic manner.

ASTATICISM

ASTATICISM A*stati*cism, n. Defn: The state of being astatic.

ASTATIZE

ASTATIZE Asta*tize, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Astatized; p. pr. & vb. n. Astatizing.] (Magnetism) Defn: To render astatic.

ASTATKI

ASTATKI As*tatki, n. [From Russ. ostatki remnants, pl. of ostatok.] Defn: A thick liquid residuum obtained in the distillation of Russian petroleum, much used as fuel.

ASTAY

ASTAY A*stay, adv. (Naut.) Defn: An anchor is said to be astay, in heaving it, an acute angle is formed between the cable and the surface of the water.

ASTEISM

ASTEISM Aste*ism, n. Etym: [Gr. ast?isme.] (Rhet.) Defn: Genteel irony; a polite and ingenious manner of deriding another.

ASTEL

ASTEL Astel, n. Etym: [OE. astelle piece of wood, OF. astele splinter, shaving, F. attelle, astelle: cf. L. astula, dim. of assis board.] (Mining) Defn: An arch, or ceiling, of boards, placed over the men's heads in a mine.

ASTER

ASTER Aster, n. Etym: [L. aster aster, star, Gr. Star.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of herbs with compound white or bluish flowers; starwort; Michaelmas daisy. 2. (Floriculture) Defn: A plant of the genus Callistephus. Many varieties (called China asters, German asters, etc.) are cultivated for their handsome compound flowers.

ASTERIAS

ASTERIAS As*teri*as, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of echinoderms. Note: Formerly the group of this name included nearly all starfishes and ophiurans. Now it is restricted to a genus including the commonest shore starfishes.

ASTERIATED

ASTERIATED As*teri*a`ted, a. Etym: [See Asterias.] Defn: Radiated, with diverging rays; as, asteriated sapphire.

ASTERIDIAN

ASTERIDIAN As`ter*idi*an, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Asterioidea. -- n. Defn: A starfish; one of the Asterioidea.

ASTERIOIDEA; ASTERIDEA

ASTERIOIDEA; ASTERIDEA As*te`ri*oide*a, As`ter*ide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. -oid. See Asterias.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A class of Echinodermata including the true starfishes. The rays vary in number and always have ambulacral grooves below. The body is starshaped or pentagonal.

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