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ASLEEP A*sleep, a. & adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + sleep.] 1. In a state of sleep; in sleep; dormant. Fast asleep the giant lay supine. Dryden. By whispering winds soon lulled asleep. Milton. 2. In the sleep of the grave; dead. Concerning them which are asleep . . . sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. 1 Thess. iv. 13. 3. Numbed, and, usually, tingling. Udall. Leaning long upon any part maketh it numb, and, as we call it, asleep. Bacon.


ASLOPE A*slope, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + slope.] Defn: Slopingly; aslant; declining from an upright direction; sloping. Set them not upright, but aslope. Bacon.


ASLUG A*slug, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + slug to move slowly.] Defn: Sluggishly. [Obs.] Fotherby.


ASMEAR A*smear, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + smear.] Defn: Smeared over. Dickens.


ASMONEAN As`mo*nean, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the patriotic Jewish family to which the Maccabees belonged; Maccabean; as, the Asmonean dynasty. [Written also Asmon?an.]


ASMONEAN As`mo*nean, n. Defn: One of the Asmonean family. The Asmoneans were leaders and rulers of the Jews from 168 to 35 b. c.


ASOAK A*soak, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + soak.] Defn: Soaking.


ASOMATOUS A*soma*tous, a. Etym: [L. asomatus, Gr. Defn: Without a material body; incorporeal. Todd.


ASONANT Aso*nant, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + sonant.] Defn: Not sounding or sounded. [R.] C. C. Felton.


ASP Asp, n. (Bot.) Defn: Same as Aspen. Trembling poplar or asp. Martyn.


ASP Asp, n. Etym: [L. aspis, fr. Gr. aspe, F. aspic.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small, hooded, poisonous serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, whose bite is often fatal. It is the Naja haje. The name is also applied to other poisonous serpents, esp. to Vipera aspis of southern Europe. See Haje.


ASPALATHUS As*pala*thus, n. Etym: [L. aspalathus, Gr. (Bot.) (a) A thorny shrub yielding a fragrant oil. Ecclus. xxiv. 15. (b) A genus of plants of the natural order Leguminos?. The species are chiefly natives of the Cape of Good Hope.


ASPARAGINE As*para*gine, n. Etym: [Cf. F. asparagine.] (Chem.) Defn: A white, nitrogenous, crystallizable substance, C4H8N2O3+H2O, found in many plants, and first obtained from asparagus. It is believed to aid in the disposition of nitrogenous matter throughout the plant; -- called also altheine.


ASPARAGINOUS As`pa*ragi*nous, a. Defn: Pertaining or allied to, or resembling, asparagus; having shoots which are eaten like asparagus; as, asparaginous vegetables.


ASPARAGUS As*para*gus, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. prong, sprout, Pers. asparag, Lith. spurgas sprout, Skr. sphurj to swell. Perh. the Greek borrowed from the Persian. Cf. Sparrowgrass.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of perennial plants belonging to the natural order Liliace?, and having erect much branched stems, and very slender branchlets which are sometimes mistaken for leaves. Asparagus racemosus is a shrubby climbing plant with fragrant flowers. Specifically: The Asparagus officinalis, a species cultivated in gardens. 2. The young and tender shoots of A. officinalis, which form a valuable and well-known article of food. Note: This word was formerly pronounced sparrowgrass; but this pronunciation is now confined exclusively to uneducated people. Asparagus beetle (Zo?l.), a small beetle (Crioceris asparagi) injurious to asparagus.


ASPARTIC As*partic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived, asparagine; as, aspartic acid.


ASPECT Aspect, n. Etym: [L. aspectus, fr. aspicere, aspectum, to look at; ad + spicere, specere, to look, akin to E. spy.] 1. The act of looking; vision; gaze; glance. [R.] The basilisk killeth by aspect. Bacon. His aspect was bent on the ground. Sir W. Scott. 2. Look, or particular appearance of the face; countenance; mien; air. Serious in aspect. Dryden. [Craggs] with aspect open shall erect his head. Pope. 3. Appearance to the eye or the mind; look; view. The aspect of affairs. Macaulay. The true aspect of a world lying in its rubbish. T. Burnet. 4. Position or situation with regard to seeing; that position which enables one to look in a particular direction; position in relation to the points of the compass; as, a house has a southern aspect, that is, a position which faces the south. 5. Prospect; outlook. [Obs.] This town affords a good aspect toward the hill from whence we descended. Evelyn. 6. (Astrol.) Defn: The situation of planets or stars with respect to one another, or the angle formed by the rays of light proceeding from them and meeting at the eye; the joint look of planets or stars upon each other or upon the earth. Milton. Note: The aspects which two planets can assume are five; sextile, 7. (Astrol.) Defn: The influence of the stars for good or evil; as, an ill aspect. Shak. The astrologers call the evil influences of the stars evil aspects. Bacon. Aspect of a plane (Geom.), the direction of the plane.


ASPECT As*pect, v. t. Etym: [L. aspectare, v. intens. of aspicere. See Aspect, n.] Defn: To behold; to look at. [Obs.]


ASPECT RATIO Aspect ratio. (A?ronautics) Defn: The ratio of the long to the short side of an a?roplane, a?rocurve, or wing.


ASPECTABLE As*pecta*ble, a. Etym: [L. aspectabilis.] Defn: Capable of being; visible. The aspectable world. Ray. Aspectable stars. Mrs. Browning.


ASPECTANT As*pectant, a. (Her.) Defn: Facing each other.


ASPECTED As*pected, a. Defn: Having an aspect. [Obs.] B. Jonson.


ASPECTION As*pection, n. Etym: [L. aspectio, fr. aspicere to look at.] Defn: The act of viewing; a look. [Obs.]


ASPEN Aspen, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it; made of aspen wood. Nor aspen leaves confess the gentlest breeze. Gay.


ASPEN; ASP Aspen, Asp, n. Etym: [AS. ?sp, ?ps; akin to OHG. aspa, Icel. ?sp, Dan. ?sp, Sw. asp, D. esp, G. espe, ?spe, aspe; cf. Lettish apsa, Lith. apuszis.] (Bot.) Defn: One of several species of poplar bearing this name, especially the Populus tremula, so called from the trembling of its leaves, which move with the slightest impulse of the air.


ASPER Asper, a. Etym: [OE. aspre, OF. aspre, F. ?pre, fr. L. asper rough.] Defn: Rough; rugged; harsh; bitter; stern; fierce. [Archaic] An asper sound. Bacon.


ASPER Asper, n. Etym: [L. spiritus asper rough breathing.] (Greek Gram.) Defn: The rough breathing; a mark placed over an initial vowel sound or over h before it; thus hws, pronounced h, hrj'twr, pronounced hra\'b6t.


ASPER Asper, n. Etym: [F. aspre or It. aspro, fr. MGr. Defn: A Turkish money of account (formerly a coin), of little value; the 120th part of a piaster.


ASPERATE Asper*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Asperated; p. pr. & vb. n. Asperating.] Etym: [L. asperatus, p. p. of asperare, fr. asper rough.] Defn: To make rough or uneven. The asperated part of its surface. Boyle.


ASPERATION As`per*ation, n. Defn: The act of asperating; a making or becoming rough. Bailey.


ASPERGES As*perges, n. Etym: [L., Thou shalt sprinkle.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) The service or ceremony of sprinkling with holy water. (b) The brush or instrument used in sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.


ASPERGILL; ASPERGILLUM Asper*gill, As`per*gillum, n. Etym: [LL. aspergillum, fr. L. aspergere. See Asperse, v. t.] 1. The brush used in the Roman Catholic church for sprinkling holy water on the people. [Also written aspergillus.] 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Wateringpot shell.


ASPERGILLIFORM As`per*gilli*form, a. Etym: [Aspergillum + -form.] (Bot.) Defn: Resembling the aspergillum in form; as, an aspergilliform stigma. Gray.


ASPERIFOLIATE; ASPERIFOLIOUS As`per*i*foli*ate, As`per*i*foli*ous, a. Etym: [L. asper rough + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Defn: Having rough leaves. Note: By some applied to the natural order now called Boraginace? or borageworts.


ASPERITY As*peri*ty, n.; pl. Asperities. Etym: [L. asperitas, fr. asper rough: cf. F. asp?rit?.] 1. Roughness of surface; unevenness; -- opposed to smoothness. The asperities of dry bodies. Boyle. 2. Roughness or harshness of sound; that quality which grates upon the ear; raucity. 3. Roughness to the taste; sourness; tartness. 4. Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; -- opposed to mildness. Asperity of character. Landor. It is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received. Johnson. 5. Sharpness; disagreeableness; difficulty. The acclivities and asperities of duty. Barrow. Syn. -- Acrimony; moroseness; crabbedness; harshness; sourness; tartness. See Acrimony.


ASPERMATOUS A*sperma*tous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Aspermous.


ASPERMOUS A*spermous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Destitute of seeds; aspermatous.


ASPERNE A*sperne, v. t. Etym: [L. aspernari; a (ab) + spernari.] Defn: To spurn; to despise. [Obs.] Sir T. More.


ASPEROUS Asper*ous, a. Etym: [See Asper, a.] Defn: Rough; uneven. Boyle.


ASPERSE As*perse, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aspersed; p. pr. & vb. n. Aspersing.] Etym: [L. aspersus, p. p. of aspergere to scatter, sprinkle; ad + spargere to strew. See Sparse.] 1. To sprinkle, as water or dust, upon anybody or anything, or to besprinkle any one with a liquid or with dust. Heywood. 2. To bespatter with foul reports or false and injurious charges; to tarnish in point of reputation or good name; to slander or calumniate; as, to asperse a poet or his writings; to asperse a man's character. With blackest crimes aspersed. Cowper. Syn. -- To slander; defame; detract from; calumniate; vilify. -- To Asperse, Defame, Slander, Calumniate. These words have in common the idea of falsely assailing the character of another. To asperse is figuratively to cast upon a character hitherto unsullied the imputation of blemishes or faults which render it offensive or loathsome. To defame is to detract from a man's honor and reputation by charges calculated to load him with infamy. Slander (etymologically the same as scandal) and calumniate, from the Latin, have in common the sense of circulating reports to a man's injury from unworthy or malicious motives. Men asperse their neighbors by malignant insinuations; they defame by advancing charges to blacken or sully their fair fame; they slander or calumniate by spreading injurious reports which are false, or by magnifying slight faults into serious errors or crimes.


ASPERSED As*persed, a. 1. (Her.) Defn: Having an indefinite number of small charges scattered or strewed over the surface. Cussans. 2. Bespattered; slandered; calumniated. Motley.


ASPERSER As*perser, n. Defn: One who asperses; especially, one who vilifies another.


ASPERSION As*persion, n. Etym: [L. aspersio, fr. aspergere: cf. F. aspersion.] 1. A sprinkling, as with water or dust, in a literal sense. Behold an immersion, not and aspersion. Jer. Taylor. 2. The spreading of calumniations reports or charges which tarnish reputation, like the bespattering of a body with foul water; calumny. Every candid critic would be ashamed to cast wholesale aspersions on the entire body of professional teachers. Grote. Who would by base aspersions blot thy virtue. Dryden.


ASPERSIVE As*persive, a. Defn: Tending to asperse; defamatory; slanderous. -- As*persive*ly, adv.


ASPERSOIR As`per`soir, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: An aspergill.


ASPERSORIUM As`per*sori*um, n.; pl. Aspplwsoria. Etym: [LL. See Asperse.] 1. The stoup, basin, or other vessel for holy water in Roman Catholic churches. 2. A brush for sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.


ASPHALT Asphalt, v. t. Defn: To cover with asphalt; as, to asphalt a roof; asphalted streets.


ASPHALT; ASPHALTUM Asphalt, As*phaltum, n. Etym: [Gr. asphalte.] 1. Mineral pitch, Jews' pitch, or compact native bitumen. It is brittle, of a black or brown color and high luster on a surface of fracture; it melts and burns when heated, leaving no residue. It occurs on the surface and shores of the Dead Sea, which is therefore called Asphaltites, or the Asphaltic Lake. It is found also in many parts of Asia, Europe, and America. See Bitumen. 2. A composition of bitumen, pitch, lime, and gravel, used for forming pavements, and as a water-proof cement for bridges, roofs, etc.; asphaltic cement. Artificial asphalt is prepared from coal tar, lime, sand, etc. Asphalt stone, Asphalt rock, a limestone found impregnated with asphalt.


ASPHALTE As`phalte, n. Etym: [F. See Asphalt.] Defn: Asphaltic mastic or cement. See Asphalt, 2.


ASPHALTIC As*phaltic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, of the nature of, or containing, asphalt; bituminous. Asphaltic pool. Asphaltic slime. Milton.


ASPHALTITE As*phaltite, a. Defn: Asphaltic.


ASPHALTITE As*phaltite, a. Defn: Asphaltic. Bryant.


ASPHALTUS As*phaltus, n. Defn: See Asphalt.


ASPHODEL Aspho*del, n. Etym: [L. asphodelus, Gr. Daffodil.] (Bot.) Defn: A general name for a plant of the genus Asphodelus. The asphodels are hardy perennial plants, several species of which are cultivated for the beauty of their flowers. Note: The name is also popularly given to species of other genera. The asphodel of the early English and French poets was the daffodil. The asphodel of the Greek poets is supposed to be the Narcissus poeticus. Dr. Prior. Pansies, and violets, and asphodel. Milton.


ASPHYCTIC As*phyctic, a. Defn: Pertaining to asphyxia.


ASPHYXIA; ASPHYXY As*phyxi*a, As*phyxy, n. Etym: [NL. asphyxia, fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Apparent death, or suspended animation; the condition which results from interruption of respiration, as in suffocation or drowning, or the inhalation of irrespirable gases.


ASPHYXIAL As*phyxi*al, a. Defn: Of or relating to asphyxia; as, asphyxial phenomena.


ASPHYXIATE As*phyxi*ate, v. t. Defn: To bring to a state of asphyxia; to suffocate. Note: [Used commonly in the past pple.]


ASPHYXIATED; ASPHYXIED As*phyxi*a`ted, As*phyxied, p. p. Defn: In a state of asphyxia; suffocated.


ASPHYXIATION As*phyx`i*ation, n. Defn: The act of causing asphyxia; a state of asphyxia.


ASPIC Aspic, n. Etym: [F. See Asp.] 1. The venomous asp. [Chiefly poetic] Shak. Tennyson. 2. A piece of ordnance carrying a 12 pound shot. [Obs.]


ASPIC Aspic, n. Etym: [F., a corrupt. of spic (OF. espi, F. ?pi), L. spica (spicum, spicus), ear, spike. See Spike.] Defn: A European species of lavender (Lavandula spica), which produces a volatile oil. See Spike.


ASPIC Aspic, n. Etym: [F., prob. fr. aspic an asp.] Defn: A savory meat jelly containing portions of fowl, game, fish, hard boiled eggs, etc. Thackeray.


ASPIDOBRANCHIA As`pi*do*branchi*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of Gastropoda, with limpetlike shells, including the abalone shells and keyhole limpets.


ASPIRANT As*pirant, a. Etym: [Cf. F. aspirant, p. pr. of aspirer. See Aspire.] Defn: Aspiring.


ASPIRANT As*pirant, n. Etym: [Cf. F. aspirant.] Defn: One who aspires; one who eagerly seeks some high position or object of attainment. In consequence of the resignations . . . the way to greatness was left clear to a new set of aspirants. Macaulay.


ASPIRATE Aspi*rate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aspirated; p. pr. & vb. n. Aspirating.] Etym: [L. aspiratus, p. p. of aspirare to breathe toward or upon, to add the breathing h; ad + spirare to breathe, blow. Cf. Aspire.] Defn: To pronounce with a breathing, an aspirate, or an h sound; as, we aspirate the words horse and house; to aspirate a vowel or a liquid consonant.


ASPIRATE Aspi*rate, n. 1. A sound consisting of, or characterized by, a breath like the sound of h; the breathing h or a character representing such a sound; an aspirated sound. 2. A mark of aspiration used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing. Bentley. 3. An elementary sound produced by the breath alone; a surd, or nonvocal consonant; as, f, th in thin, etc.


ASPIRATE; ASPIRATED Aspi*rate, Aspi*rated, a. Etym: [L. aspiratus, p. p.] Defn: Pronounced with the h sound or with audible breath. But yet they are not aspirate, i. e., with such an aspiration as h. Holder.


ASPIRATION As`pi*ration, n. Etym: [L. aspiratio, fr. aspirare: cf. F. aspiration.] 1. The act of aspirating; the pronunciation of a letter with a full or strong emission of breath; an aspirated sound. If aspiration be defined to be an impetus of breathing. Wilkins. 2. The act of breathing; a breath; an inspiration. 3. The act of aspiring of a ardently desiring; strong wish; high desire. Aspirations after virtue. Johnson. Vague aspiration after military renown. Prescott.


ASPIRATOR Aspi*ra`tor, n. 1. (Chem.) Defn: An apparatus for passing air or gases through or over certain liquids or solids, or for exhausting a closed vessel, by means of suction. 2. (Med.) Defn: An instrument for the evacuation of the fluid contents of tumors or collections of blood.


ASPIRATORY As*pira*to*ry, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to breathing; suited to the inhaling of air


ASPIRE As*pire, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aspired; p. pr. & vb. n. Aspiring.] Etym: [F. aspirer, L. aspirare. See Aspirate, v. t.] 1. To desire with eagerness; to seek to attain something high or great; to pant; to long; -- followed by to or after, and rarely by at; as, to aspire to a crown; to aspire after immorality. Aspiring to be gods, if angels fell; Aspiring to be angels, men rebel. Pope. 2. To rise; to ascend; to tower; to soar. My own breath still foments the fire, Which flames as high as fancy can aspire. Waller.


ASPIRE As*pire, v. t. Defn: To aspire to; to long for; to try to reach; to mount to. [Obs.] That gallant spirit hath aspired the clouds. Shak.


ASPIRE As*pire, n. Defn: Aspiration. [Obs.] Chapman.


ASPIREMENT As*pirement, n. Defn: Aspiration. [Obs.]


ASPIRER As*pirer, n. Defn: One who aspires.


ASPIRIN Aspi*rin, n. (Pharm.) Defn: A white crystalline compound of acetyl and salicylic acid used as a drug for the salicylic acid liberated from it in the intestines.


ASPIRING As*piring, a. Defn: That aspires; as, an Aspiring mind. -- As*piring*ly, adv. -- As*piring*ness, n.


ASPISH Aspish, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or like, an asp.


ASPORTATION As`por*tation, n. Etym: [L. asportatio, fr. asportare to carry away; abs = ab + portare to bear, carry.] (Law) Defn: The felonious removal of goods from the place where they were deposited. Note: It is adjudged to be larceny, though the goods are not carried from the house or apartment. Blackstone.


ASPRAWL A*sprawl, adv. & a. Defn: Sprawling.


ASQUAT A*squat, adv. & a. Defn: Squatting.


ASQUINT A*squint, adv. Etym: [Cf. Askant, Squint.] Defn: With the eye directed to one side; not in the straight line of vision; obliquely; awry, so as to see distortedly; as, to look asquint.


ASS Ass, n. Etym: [OE. asse, AS. assa; akin to Icel. asni, W. asen, asyn, L. asinus, dim. aselus, Gr. esol, OHG. esil, G. esel, Goth. asilus, Dan. ?sel, Lith. asilas, Bohem. osel, Pol. osiel. The word is prob. of Semitic origin; cf. Heb. ath she ass. Cf. Ease.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: A quadruped of the genus Equus (E. asinus), smaller than the horse, and having a peculiarly harsh bray and long ears. The tame or domestic ass is patient, slow, and sure-footed, and has become the type of obstinacy and stupidity. There are several species of wild asses which are swift-footed. 2. A dull, heavy, stupid fellow; a dolt. Shak. Asses' Bridge. Etym: [L. pons asinorum.] The fifth proposition of the first book of Euclid, The angles at the base of an isosceles triangle are equal to one another. [Sportive] A schoolboy, stammering out his Asses' Bridge. F. Harrison. -- To make an ass of one's self, to do or say something very foolish or absurd.


ASSAFOETIDA As`sa*foeti*da, n. Defn: Same as Asafetida.


ASSAGAI; ASSEGAI Assa*gai, Asse*gai, n. Etym: [Pg. azagaia, Sp. azagaya, fr. a Berber word. Cf. Lancegay.] Defn: A spear used by tribes in South Africa as a missile and for stabbing, a kind of light javelin.


ASSAI As*sai. Etym: [It., fr. L. ad + satis enough. See Assets.] (Mus.) Defn: A direction equivalent to very; as, adagio assai, very slow.


ASSAIL As*sail, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Assailed; p. pr. & vb. n. Assailing.] Etym: [OE. assailen, asailen, OF. asaillir, assailler, F. assaillir; (L. ad) + saillir to burst out, project, fr. L. salire to leap, spring; cf. L. assilire to leap or spring upon. See Sally.] 1. To attack with violence, or in a vehement and hostile manner; to assault; to molest; as, to assail a man with blows; to assail a city with artillery. No rude noise mine ears assailing. Cowper. No storm can now assail The charm he wears within. Keble. 2. To encounter or meet purposely with the view of mastering, as an obstacle, difficulty, or the like. The thorny wilds the woodmen fierce assail. Pope. 3. To attack morally, or with a view to produce changes in the feelings, character, conduct, existing usages, institutions; to attack by words, hostile influence, etc.; as, to assail one with appeals, arguments, abuse, ridicule, and the like. The papal authority . . . assailed. Hallam. They assailed him with keen invective; they assailed him with still keener irony. Macaulay. Syn. -- To attack; assault; invade; encounter; fall upon. See Attack.


ASSAILABLE As*saila*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being assailed.


ASSAILANT As*sailant, a. Etym: [F. assaillant, p. pr. of assaillir.] Defn: Assailing; attacking. Milton.


ASSAILANT As*sailant, n. Etym: [F. assaillant.] Defn: One who, or that which, assails, attacks, or assaults; an assailer. An assailant of the church. Macaulay.


ASSAILER As*sailer, n. Defn: One who assails.


ASSAILMENT As*sailment, n. Defn: The act or power of assailing; attack; assault. [R.] His most frequent assailment was the headache. Johnson.


ASSAMAR Assa*mar, n. Etym: [L. assare to roast + amarus, bitter.] (Chem.) Defn: The peculiar bitter substance, soft or liquid, and of a yellow color, produced when meat, bread, gum, sugar, starch, and the like, are roasted till they turn brown.


ASSAMESE As`sam*ese, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Assam, a province of British India, or to its inhabitants. -- n. sing. & pl. Defn: A native or natives of Assam.


ASSAPAN; ASSAPANIC As`sa*pan, As`sa*panic, n. Etym: [Prob. Indian name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The American flying squirrel (Pteromys volucella).


ASSART As*sart, n. Etym: [OF. essart the grubbing up of trees, fr. essarter to grub up or clear ground of bushes, shrubs, trees, etc., fr. LL. exartum, exartare, for exsaritare; L. ex + sarire, sarrire, saritum, to hoe, weed.] 1. (Old Law) Defn: The act or offense of grubbing up trees and bushes, and thus destroying the tickets or coverts of a forest. Spelman. Cowell. 2. A piece of land cleared of trees and bushes, and fitted for cultivation; a clearing. Ash. Assart land, forest land cleared of woods and brush.


ASSART As*sart, v. t. Defn: To grub up, as trees; to commit an assart upon; as, to assart land or trees. Ashmole.


ASSASSIN As*sassin, n. Etym: [F. (cf. It. assassino), fr. Ar. one who has drunk of the hashish. Under its influence the Assassins of the East, followers of the Shaikh al-Jabal (Old Man of the Mountain), were said to commit the murders required by their chief.] Defn: One who kills, or attempts to kill, by surprise or secret assault; one who treacherously murders any one unprepared for defense.

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