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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ARITHMOMETER

ARITHMOMETER Ar`ith*mome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter: cf. F. arithmom?tre.] Defn: A calculating machine.

ARK

ARK Ark, n. Etym: [OE. ark, arke, arche, AS. arc, earc, earce, fr. L. arca, fr. arcere to inclose, keep off; akin to Gr. 1. A chest, or coffer. [Obs.] Bearing that precious relic in an ark. Spenser. 2. (Jewish Hist.) Defn: The oblong chest of acacia wood, overlaid with gold, which supported the mercy seat with its golden cherubs, and occupied the most sacred place in the sanctuary. In it Moses placed the two tables of stone containing the ten commandments. Called also the Ark of the Covenant. 3. The large, chestlike vessel in which Noah and his family were preserved during the Deluge. Gen. vi. Hence: Any place of refuge. 4. A large flatboat used on Western American rivers to transport produce to market.

ARK SHELL

ARK SHELL Ark shell`. (Zo?l.) Defn: A marine bivalve shell belonging to the genus Arca and its allies.

ARKITE

ARKITE Arkite, a. Defn: Belonging to the ark. [R.] Faber.

ARKOSE

ARKOSE Ar*kose, n. [F] (Petrog) Defn: A sandstone derived from the disintegration of granite or gneiss, and characterized by feldspar fragments. -- Ar*kosic (#), a.

ARLES

ARLES Arles, n. pl. Etym: [Cf. F. arrhes, Scot. airles. Cf. Earles penny.] Defn: An earnest; earnest money; money paid to bind a bargain. [Scot.] Arles penny, earnest money given to servants. Kersey.

ARM

ARM Arm, n. Etym: [AS. arm, earm; akin to OHG. aram, G., D., Dan., & Sw. arm, Icel. armr, Goth. arms, L. armus arm, shoulder, and prob. to Gr. rame. Art, Article.] 1. The limb of the human body which extends from the shoulder to the hand; also, the corresponding limb of a monkey. 2. Anything resembling an arm; as, (a) The fore limb of an animal, as of a bear. (b) A limb, or locomotive or prehensile organ, of an invertebrate animal. (c) A branch of a tree. (d) A slender part of an instrument or machine, projecting from a trunk, axis, or fulcrum; as, the arm of a steelyard. (e) (Naut) The end of a yard; also, the part of an anchor which ends in the fluke. (f) An inlet of water from the sea. (g) A support for the elbow, at the side of a chair, the end of a sofa, etc. 3. Fig.: Power; might; strength; support; as, the secular arm; the arm of the law. To whom is the arm of the Lord revealed Isa. lii. 1. Arm's end, the end of the arm; a good distance off. Dryden. -- Arm's length, the length of the arm. -- Arm's reach, reach of the arm; the distance the arm can reach. -- To go (or walk) arm in arm, to go with the arm or hand of one linked in the arm of another. When arm in armwe went along. Tennyson. -- To keep at arm's length, to keep at a distance (literally or figuratively); not to allow to come into close contact or familiar intercourse. -- To work at arm's length, to work disadvantageously.

ARM

ARM Arm, n. Etym: [See Arms.] (Mil.) (a) A branch of the military service; as, the cavalry arm was made efficient. (b) A weapon of offense or defense; an instrument of warfare; -- commonly in the pl.

ARM

ARM Arm, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Armed; p. pr. & vb. n. Arming.] Etym: [OE. armen, F. armer, fr. L. armare, fr. arma, pl., arms. See arms.] 1. To take by the arm; to take up in one's arms. [Obs.] And make him with our pikes and partisans A grave: come, arm him. Shak. Arm your prize; I know you will not lose him. Two N. Kins. 2. To furnish with arms or limbs. [R.] His shoulders broad and strong, Armed long and round. Beau. & Fl. 3. To furnish or equip with weapons of offense or defense; as, to arm soldiers; to arm the country. Abram . . . armed his trained servants. Gen. xiv. 14. 4. To cover or furnish with a plate, or with whatever will add strength, force, security, or efficiency; as, to arm the hit of a sword; to arm a hook in angling. 5. Fig.: To furnish with means of defense; to prepare for resistance; to fortify, in a moral sense. Arm yourselves . . . with the same mind. 1 Pet. iv. 1. To arm a magnet, to fit it with an armature.

ARM

ARM Arm, v. i. Defn: To provide one's self with arms, weapons, or means of attack or resistance; to take arms. 'Tis time to arm. Shak.

ARM-GRET

ARM-GRET Arm-gret`, a. Defn: Great as a man's arm. [Obs.] A wreath of gold, arm-gret. Chaucer.

ARMADA

ARMADA Ar*mada, n. Etym: [Sp. armada, L. as if armata (sc. classic fleet), fr. armatus, p. p. of armare. See Arm, v. t. Army.] Defn: A fleet of armed ships; a squadron. Specifically, the Spanish fleet which was sent to assail England, a. d. 1558.

ARMADILLO

ARMADILLO Ar`ma*dillo, n.; pl. Armadillos. Etym: [Sp. armadillo, dim. of armado armed, p. p. of armar to arm. Do called from being armed with a bony shell.] (Zo?l.) (a) Any edentate animal if the family Dasypid?, peculiar to America. The body and head are incased in an armor composed of small bony plates. The armadillos burrow in the earth, seldom going abroad except at night. When attacked, they curl up into a ball, presenting the armor on all sides. Their flesh is good food. There are several species, one of which (the peba) is found as far north as Texas. See Peba, Poyou, Tatouay. (b) A genus of small isopod Crustacea that can roll themselves into a ball.

ARMADO

ARMADO Ar*mado, n. Defn: Armada. [Obs.]

ARMAMENT

ARMAMENT Arma*ment, n. Etym: [L. armamenta, pl., utensils, esp. the tackle of a ship, fr. armare to arm: cf. LL. armamentum, F. armement.] 1. A body of forces equipped for war; -- used of a land or naval force. The whole united armament of Greece. Glover. 2. (Mil. & Nav.) Defn: All the cannon and small arms collectively, with their equipments, belonging to a ship or a fortification. 3. Any equipment for resistance.

ARMAMENTARY

ARMAMENTARY Ar`ma*menta*ry, n. Etym: [L. armamentarium, fr. armamentum: cf. F. armamentaire.] Defn: An armory; a magazine or arsenal. [R.]

ARMATURE

ARMATURE Arma*ture, n. Etym: [L. armatura, fr. armare to arm: cf. F. armature. See Arm, v. t., Armor.] 1. Armor; whatever is worn or used for the protection and defense of the body, esp. the protective outfit of some animals and plants. 2. (Magnetism) Defn: A piece of soft iron used to connect the two poles of a magnet, or electro-magnet, in order to complete the circuit, or to receive and apply the magnetic force. In the ordinary horseshoe magnet, it serves to prevent the dissipation of the magnetic force. 3. (Arch.) Defn: Iron bars or framing employed for the consolidation of a building, as in sustaining slender columns, holding up canopies, etc. Oxf. Gloss.

ARMCHAIR

ARMCHAIR Armchair`, n. Defn: A chair with arms to support the elbows or forearms. Tennyson.

ARMED

ARMED Armed, a. 1. Furnished with weapons of offense or defense; furnished with the means of security or protection. And armed host. Dryden. 2. Furnished with whatever serves to add strength, force, or efficiency. A distemper eminently armed from heaven. De Foe. 3. (Her.) Defn: Having horns, beak, talons, etc; -- said of beasts and birds of prey. Armed at all points (Blazoning), completely incased in armor, sometimes described as armed cap-?-pie. Cussans. -- Armed en flute. (Naut.) See under Flute. -- Armed magnet, a magnet provided with an armature. -- Armed neutrality. See under Neutrality.

ARMENIAN

ARMENIAN Ar*meni*an, a. Etym: [Cf. F. Arm?nien, L. Armenias, fr. Armenia.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Armenia. Armenian bole, a soft clayey earth of a bright red color found in Armenia, Tuscany, etc. -- Armenian stone. (a) The commercial name of lapis lazuli. (b) Emery.

ARMENIAN

ARMENIAN Ar*meni*an, n. 1. A native or one of the people of Armenia; also, the language of the Armenians. 2. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: An adherent of the Armenian Church, an organization similar in some doctrines and practices to the Greek Church, in others to the Roman Catholic.

ARMET

ARMET Armet, n. Etym: [F., dim. of arme arm, or corrupted for healmet helmet.] Defn: A kind of helmet worn in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.

ARMFUL

ARMFUL Armful, n.; pl. Armfulus. Defn: As much as the arm can hold.

ARMGAUNT

ARMGAUNT Armgaunt`, a. Defn: With gaunt or slender legs. An armgaunt steed. Shak. Note: This word is peculiar to Shakespeare. Its meaning has not yet been satisfactorily explained.

ARMHOLE

ARMHOLE Armhole`, n. Etym: [Arm + hole.] 1. The cavity under the shoulder; the armpit. Bacon. 2. A hole for the arm in a garment.

ARMIFEROUS

ARMIFEROUS Ar*mifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. armifer; arma arms + ferre to bear.] Defn: Bearing arms or weapons. [R.]

ARMIGER

ARMIGER Armi*ger, n. Etym: [L. armiger armor bearer; arma arms + gerere to bear.] Defn: Formerly, an armor bearer, as of a knight, an esquire who bore his shield and rendered other services. In later use, one next in degree to a knight, and entitled to armorial bearings. The term is now superseded by esquire. Jacob.

ARMIGEROUS

ARMIGEROUS Ar*miger*ous, a. Defn: Bearing arms. [R.] They belonged to the armigerous part of the population, and were entitled to write themselves Esquire. De Quincey.

ARMIL

ARMIL Armil, n. Etym: [L. armilla a bracelet, fr. armus arm: cf. OF. armille.] 1. A bracelet. [Obs.] 2. An ancient astronomical instrument. Note: When composed of one ring placed in the plane of the equator for determining the time of the equinoxes, it is called an equinoctial armil; when of two or more rings, one in the plane of the meridian, for observing the solstices, it is called a solstitial armil. Whewell.

ARMILLA

ARMILLA Ar*milla, n.; pl. E. Armillas, L. Armill?. Etym: [L., a bracelet.] 1. An armil. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A ring of hair or feathers on the legs.

ARMILLARY

ARMILLARY Armil*la*ry, a. Etym: [LL. armillarius, fr. L. armilla arm ring, bracelet, fr. armus arm: cf. F. armillaire. See Arm, n.] Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, a bracelet or ring; consisting of rings or circles. Armillary sphere, an ancient astronomical machine composed of an assemblage of rings, all circles of the same sphere, designed to represent the positions of the important circles of the celestial sphere. Nichol.

ARMING

ARMING Arming, n. 1. The act of furnishing with, or taking, arms. The arming was now universal. Macaulay. 2. (Naut.) Defn: A piece of tallow placed in a cavity at the lower end of a sounding lead, to bring up the sand, shells, etc., of the sea bottom. Totten. 3. pl. (Naut.) Defn: Red dress cloths formerly hung fore and aft outside of a ship's upper works on holidays. Arming press (Bookbinding), a press for stamping titles and designs on the covers of books.

ARMINIAN

ARMINIAN Ar*mini*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Arminius of his followers, or to their doctrines. See note under Arminian, n.

ARMINIAN

ARMINIAN Ar*mini*an, n. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One who holds the tenets of Arminius, a Dutch divine (b. 1560, d. 1609). Note: The Arminian doctrines are: 1. Conditional election and reprobation, in opposition to absolute predestination. 2. Universal redemption, or that the atonement was made by Christ for all mankind, though none but believers can be partakers of the benefit. 3. That man, in order to exercise true faith, must be regenerated and renewed by the operation of the Holy Spirit, which is the gift of God. 4. That man may resist divine grace. 5. That man may relapse from a state of grace.

ARMINIANISM

ARMINIANISM Ar*mini*an*ism, n. Defn: The religious doctrines or tenets of the Arminians.

ARMIPOTENCE

ARMIPOTENCE Ar*mipo*tence, n. Etym: [L. armipotentia, fr. armipotents.] Defn: Power in arms. [R.] Johnson.

ARMIPOTENT

ARMIPOTENT Ar*mipo*tent, a. Etym: [L. armipotents; arma arms + potens powerful, p. pr. of posse to be able.] Defn: Powerful in arms; mighty in battle. The temple stood of Mars armipotent. Dryden.

ARMISONANT; ARMISONOUS

ARMISONANT; ARMISONOUS Ar*miso*nant, Ar*miso*nous, a. Etym: [L. armisonus; arma arms + sonare (p. pr. sonans) to sound.] Defn: Rustling in arms; resounding with arms. [Obs.]

ARMISTICE

ARMISTICE Armis*tice, n. Etym: [F. armistice, fr. (an assumed word) L. armistitium; arma arms + stare, statum (combining form, -stitum), to stand still.] Defn: A cessation of arms for a short time, by convention; a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement; a truce.

ARMLESS

ARMLESS Armless, a. 1. Without any arm or branch. 2. Destitute of arms or weapons.

ARMLET

ARMLET Armlet, n. Etym: [Arm + -let.] 1. A small arm; as, an armlet of the sea. Johnson. 2. An arm ring; a bracelet for the upper arm. 3. Armor for the arm.

ARMONIAC

ARMONIAC Ar*moni*ac, a. Defn: Ammoniac. [Obs.]

ARMOR

ARMOR Armor, n. Etym: [OE. armure, fr. F. armure, OF. armeure, fr. L. armatura. See Armature.] [Spelt also armour.] 1. Defensive arms for the body; any clothing or covering worn to protect one's person in battle. Note: In English statues, armor is used for the whole apparatus of war, including offensive as well as defensive arms. The statues of armor directed what arms every man should provide. 2. Steel or iron covering, whether of ships or forts, protecting them from the fire of artillery. Coat armor, the escutcheon of a person or family, with its several charges and other furniture, as mantling, crest, supporters, motto, etc. -- Submarine, a water-tight dress or covering for a diver. See under Submarine.

ARMOR-BEARER

ARMOR-BEARER Armor-bear`er, n. Defn: One who carries the armor or arms of another; an armiger. Judg. ix. 54.

ARMOR-PLATED

ARMOR-PLATED Armor-plat`ed, a. Defn: Covered with defensive plates of metal, as a ship of war; steel-clad. This day will be launched . . . the first armor-plated steam frigate in the possession of Great Britain. Times (Dec. 29, 1860).

ARMORED

ARMORED Armored, a. Defn: Clad with armor.

ARMORED CRUISER

ARMORED CRUISER Armored cruiser. (Nav.) Defn: A man-of-war carrying a large coal supply, and more or less protected from the enemy's shot by iron or steel armor. There is no distinct and accepted classification distinguishing armored and protected cruisers from each other, except that the first have more or heavier armor than the second.

ARMORER

ARMORER Armor*er, n. Etym: [OE. armurer, armerer, fr. F. armurter, fr. armure armor.] 1. One who makes or repairs armor or arms. 2. Formerly, one who had care of the arms and armor of a knight, and who dressed him in armor. Shak. 3. One who has the care of arms and armor, cleans or repairs them, etc.

ARMORIAL

ARMORIAL Ar*mori*al, a. Etym: [F. armorial, fr. armoiries arms, coats of arms, for armoieries, fr. OF. armoier to paint arms, coats of arms, fr. armes, fr. L. arma. See Arms, Armory.] Defn: Belonging to armor, or to the heraldic arms or escutcheon of a family. Figures with armorial signs of race and birth. Wordsworth. Armorial bearings. See Arms, 4.

ARMORIC; ARMORICAN

ARMORIC; ARMORICAN Ar*moric, Ar*mori*can, a. Etym: [L. Armoricus, fr. Celtic ar on, at + mor sea.] Defn: Of or pertaining to the northwestern part of France (formerly called Armorica, now Bretagne or Brittany), or to its people. -- n. Defn: The language of the Armoricans, a Celtic dialect which has remained to the present times.

ARMORICAN

ARMORICAN Ar*mori*can, n. Defn: A native of Armorica.

ARMORIST

ARMORIST Armor*ist, n. Etym: [F. armoriste.] Defn: One skilled in coat armor or heraldry. Cussans.

ARMORY

ARMORY Armo*ry, n.; pl. Armories. Etym: [OF. armaire, armarie, F. armoire, fr. L. armarium place for keeping arms; but confused with F. armoiries. See Armorial, Ambry.] 1. A place where arms and instruments of war are deposited for safe keeping. 2. Armor: defensive and offensive arms. Celestial armory, shields, helms, and spears. Milton. 3. A manufactory of arms, as rifles, muskets, pistols, bayonets, swords. [U.S.] 4. Ensigns armorial; armorial bearings. Spensplw. 5. That branch of hplwaldry which treats of coat armor. The science of heraldry, or, more justly speaking, armory, which is but one branch of heraldry, is, without doubt, of very ancient origin. Cussans.

ARMOZEEN; ARMOZINE

ARMOZEEN; ARMOZINE Ar`mo*zeen, Ar`mo*zine, n. Etym: [armosin, armoisin.] Defn: A thick plain silk, generally black, and used for clerical. Simmonds.

ARMPIT

ARMPIT Armpit`, n. Etym: [Arm + pit.] Defn: The hollow beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder; the axilla.

ARMRACK

ARMRACK Armrack`, n. Defn: A frame, generally vertical, for holding small arms.

ARMS

ARMS Arms, n. pl. Etym: [OE. armes, F. arme, pl. armes, fr. L. arma, pl., arms, orig. fittings, akin to armus shoulder, and E. arm. See Arm, n.] 1. Instruments or weapons of offense or defense. He lays down his arms, but not his wiles. Milton. Three horses and three goodly suits of arms. Tennyson. 2. The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science. Arms and the man I sing. Dryden. 3. (Law) Defn: Anything which a man takes in his hand in anger, to strike or assault another with; an aggressive weapon. Cowell. Blackstone. 4. (Her.) Defn: The ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of figures and colors borne in shields, banners, etc., as marks of dignity and distinction, and descending from father to son. 5. (Falconry) Defn: The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot. Halliwell. Bred to arms, educated to the profession of a soldier. -- In arms, armed for war; in a state of hostility. -- Small arms, portable firearms known as muskets, rifles, carbines, pistols, etc. -- A stand of arms, a complete set for one soldier, as a musket, bayonet, cartridge box and belt; frequently, the musket and bayonet alone. -- To arms! a summons to war or battle. -- Under arms, armed and equipped and in readiness for battle, or for a military parade. Arm's end, Arm's length, Arm's reach. See under Arm.

ARMURE

ARMURE Armure, n. Etym: [F. See Armor.] 1. Armor. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. A variety of twilled fabric ribbed on the surface.

ARMY

ARMY Army, n. Etym: [F. arm?e, fr. L. armata, fem. of armatus, p. p. of armare to arm. Cf. Armada.] 1. A collection or body of men armed for war, esp. one organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, under proper officers. 2. A body of persons organized for the advancement of a cause; as, the Blue Ribbon Army. 3. A great number; a vast multitude; a host. An army of good words. Shak. Standing army, a permanent army of professional soldiers, as distinguished from militia or volunteers.

ARMY ORGANIZATION

ARMY ORGANIZATION Army organization. Defn: The system by which a country raises, classifies, arranges, and equips its armed land forces. The usual divisions are: (1) A regular or active army, in which soldiers serve continuously with the colors and live in barracks or cantonments when not in the field; (2) the reserves of this army, in which the soldiers, while remaining constantly subject to a call to the colors, live at their homes, being summoned more or less frequently to report for instruction, drill, or maneuvers; and (3) one or more classes of soldiers organized largely for territorial defense, living at home and having only occasional periods of drill and instraction, who are variously called home reserves (as in the table below), second, third, etc., line of defense (the regular army and its reserves ordinarily constituting the first line of defense), territorial forces, or the like. In countries where conscription prevails a soldier is supposed to serve a given number of years. He is usually enrolled first in the regular army, then passes to its reserve, then into the home reserves, to serve until he reaches the age limit. It for any reason he is not enrolled in the regular army, he may begin his service in the army reserves or even the home reserves, but then serves the full number of years or up to the age limit. In equipment the organization of the army is into the three great arms of infantry, cavalry, and artillery, together with more or less numerous other branches, such as engineers, medical corps, etc., besides the staff organizations such as those of the pay and subsistence departments.

ARMY WORM

ARMY WORM Army worm`. (Zo?l.) (a) A lepidopterous insect, which in the larval state often travels in great multitudes from field to field, destroying grass, grain, and other crops. The common army worm of the northern United States is Leucania unipuncta. The name is often applied to other related species, as the cotton worm. (b) The larva of a small two-winged fly (Sciara), which marches in large companies, in regular order. See Cotton worm, under Cotton.

ARNA; ARNEE

ARNA; ARNEE Arna, Arnee, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The wild buffalo of India (Bos, or Bubalus, arni), larger than the domestic buffalo and having enormous horns.

ARNATTO

ARNATTO Ar*natto, n. Defn: See Annotto.

ARNAUT; ARNAOUT

ARNAUT; ARNAOUT Ar*naut Ar*naout, n. [Turk. Arnaut, fr. NGr. , for .] Defn: An inhabitant of Albania and neighboring mountainous regions, specif. one serving as a soldier in the Turkish army.

ARNICA

ARNICA Arni*ca, n. Etym: [Prob. a corruption of ptarmica.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of plants; also, the most important species (Arnica montana), native of the mountains of Europe, used in medicine as a narcotic and stimulant. Note: The tincture of arnica is applied externally as a remedy for bruises, sprains, etc.

ARNICIN

ARNICIN Arni*cin, n. Etym: [See Arnica.] (Chem.) Defn: An active principle of Arnica montana. It is a bitter resin.

ARNICINE

ARNICINE Arni*cine, n. (Chem.) Defn: An alkaloid obtained from the arnica plant.

ARNOT; ARNUT

ARNOT; ARNUT Arnot, Arnut, n. Etym: [Cf. D. aardnoot, E. earthut.] Defn: The earthnut. [Obs.]

ARNOTTO

ARNOTTO Ar*notto, n. Defn: Same as Annotto.

AROID; AROIDEOUS

AROID; AROIDEOUS Aroid, A*roide*ous, a. Etym: [Arum + -oid.] (Bot.) Defn: Belonging to, or resembling, the Arum family of plants.

AROINT

AROINT A*roint, interj. Etym: [Cf. Prov. E. rynt, rynt thee, roynt, or runt, terms used by milkmaids to a cow that has been milked, in order to drive her away, to make room for others; AS. r to make room or way, fr. r room. The final t is perh. for ta, for thou. Cf. Room space.] Defn: Stand off, or begone. [Obs.] Aroint thee, witch, the rump-fed ronyon cries. Shak.

AROINT

AROINT A*roint, v. t. Defn: To drive or scare off by some exclamation. [R.] Whiskered cats arointed flee. Mrs. Browning.

AROLLA

AROLLA A*rolla (a*rolla), n. [F. arolle.] (Bot.) Defn: The stone pine (Pinus Cembra).

AROMA

AROMA A*roma, n. Etym: [L. aroma, Gr. aromaz, aromat, spice, F. aromate.] 1. The quality or principle of plants or other substances which constitutes their fragrance; agreeable odor; as, the aroma of coffee. 2. Fig.: The fine diffusive quality of intellectual power; flavor; as, the subtile aroma of genius.

AROMATIC

AROMATIC Ar`o*matic, n. Defn: A plant, drug, or medicine, characterized by a fragrant smell, and usually by a warm, pungent taste, as ginger, cinnamon spices.

AROMATIC; AROMATICAL

AROMATIC; AROMATICAL Ar`o*matic, Ar`o*matic*al, a. Etym: [L. aromaticus, Gr. aromatique. See Aroma.] Defn: Pertaining to, or containing, aroma; fragrant; spicy; strong- scented; odoriferous; as, aromatic balsam. Aromatic compound (Chem.), one of a large class of organic substances, as the oils of bitter almonds, wintergreen, and turpentine, the balsams, camphors, etc., many of which have an aromatic odor. They include many of the most important of the carbon compounds and may all be derived from the benzene group, C6H6. The term is extended also to many of their derivatives. -- Aromatic vinegar. See under Vinegar.

AROMATIZATION

AROMATIZATION Ar`o*mat`i*zation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. aromatisation.] Defn: The act of impregnating or secting with aroma.

AROMATIZE

AROMATIZE A*roma*tize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aromatized; p. pr. & vb. n. Aromatizing.] Etym: [L. aromatizare, Gr. aromatiser.] Defn: To impregnate with aroma; to render aromatic; to give a spicy scent or taste to; to perfume. Bacon.

AROMATIZER

AROMATIZER A*roma*ti`zer, n. Defn: One who, or that which, aromatizes or renders aromatic. Evelyn.

AROMATOUS

AROMATOUS A*roma*tous, a. Defn: Aromatic. [Obs.] Caxton.

AROPH

AROPH Aroph, n. Etym: [A contraction of aroma philosophorum.] Defn: A barbarous word used by the old chemists to designate various medical remedies. [Obs.]

AROSE

AROSE A*rose. Defn: The past or preterit tense of Arise.

AROUND

AROUND A*round, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + round.] 1. In a circle; circularly; on every side; round. 2. In a circuit; here and there within the surrounding space; all about; as, to travel around from town to town. 3. Near; in the neighborhood; as, this man was standing around when the fight took place. [Colloq. U. S.] Note: See Round, the shorter form, adv. & prep., which, in some of the meanings, is more commonly used.

AROUND

AROUND A*round, prep. 1. On all sides of; encircling; encompassing; so as to make the circuit of; about. A lambent flame arose, which gently spread Around his brows. Dryden. 2. From one part to another of; at random through; about; on another side of; as, to travel around the country; a house standing around the corner. [Colloq. U. S.]

AROUSAL

AROUSAL A*rousal, n. Defn: The act of arousing, or the state of being aroused. Whatever has associated itself with the arousal and activity of our better nature. Hare.

AROUSE

AROUSE A*rouse, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aroused; p. pr. & vb. n. Arousing.] Etym: [Pref. a- + rouse.] Defn: To excite to action from a state of rest; to stir, or put in motion or exertion; to rouse; to excite; as, to arouse one from sleep; to arouse the dormant faculties. Grasping his spear, forth issued to arouse His brother, mighty sovereign on the host. Cowper. No suspicion was aroused. Merivale.

AROW

AROW A*row, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + row.] Defn: In a row, line, or rank; successively; in order. Shak. And twenty, rank in rank, they rode arow. Dryden.

AROYNT

AROYNT A*roynt, interj. Defn: See Aroint.

ARPEGGIO

ARPEGGIO Ar*peggio, n. Etym: [It., fr. arpeggiare to play on the harp, fr. arpa harp.] (Mus.) Defn: The production of the tones of a chord in rapid succession, as in playing the harp, and not simultaneously; a strain thus played.

ARPENT; ARPEN

ARPENT; ARPEN Arpent, Arpen, n. Etym: [F. arpent, fr. L. arepennis, arapennis. According to Columella, a Gallic word for a measure equiv. to half a Roman jugerum.] Defn: Formerly, a measure of land in France, varying in different parts of the country. The arpent of Paris was 4,088 sq. yards, or nearly five sixths of an English acre. The woodland arpent was about 1 acre, 1 rood, 1 perch, English.

ARPENTATOR

ARPENTATOR Ar`pen*tator, n. Etym: [See Arpent.] Defn: The Anglicized form of the French arpenteur, a land surveyor. [R.]

ARPINE

ARPINE Arpine, n. Defn: An arpent. [Obs.] Webster (1623).

ARQUATED

ARQUATED Arqua*ted, a. Defn: Shaped like a bow; arcuate; curved. [R.]

ARQUEBUS; ARQUEBUSE

ARQUEBUS; ARQUEBUSE Arque*bus, Arque*buse, n. Etym: [F. arquebuse, OF. harquebuse, fr. D. haak-bus; cf. G. hakenb?chse a gun with a hook. See Hagbut.] Defn: A sort of hand gun or firearm a contrivance answering to a trigger, by which the burning match was applied. The musket was a later invention. [Written also harquebus.]

ARQUEBUSADE

ARQUEBUSADE Ar`que*bus*ade, n. Etym: [F. arquebusade shot of an arquebus; eau d'arquebusade a vulnerary for gunshot wounds.] 1. The shot of an arquebus. Ash. 2. A distilled water from a variety of aromatic plants, as rosemary, millefoil, etc.; -- originally used as a vulnerary in gunshot wounds. Parr.

ARQUEBUSIER

ARQUEBUSIER Ar`que*bus*ier, n. Etym: [F. arquebusier.] Defn: A soldier armed with an arquebus. Soldiers armed with guns, of whatsoever sort or denomination, appear to have been called arquebusiers. E. Lodge.

ARQUIFOUX

ARQUIFOUX Arqui*foux, n. Defn: Same as Alquifou.

ARRACH

ARRACH Arrach, n. Defn: See Orach.

ARRACK

ARRACK Arrack, n. Etym: [Ar. araq sweat, juice, spirituous liquor, fr. araqa to sweat. Cf. Rack arrack.] Defn: A name in the East Indies and the Indian islands for all ardent spirits. Arrack is often distilled from a fermented mixture of rice, molasses, and palm wine of the cocoanut tree or the date palm, etc.

ARRAGONITE

ARRAGONITE Ar*rago*nite, n. Defn: See Aragonite.

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