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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

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ARCHONSHIP

ARCHONSHIP Archon*ship, n. Defn: The office of an archon. Mitford.

ARCHONTATE

ARCHONTATE Archon*tate, n. Etym: [Cf. F. archontat.] Defn: An archon's term of office. Gibbon.

ARCHONTS

ARCHONTS Archonts, n. pl. Etym: [Gr. p. pr. See Archon.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The group including man alone.

ARCHOPLASM

ARCHOPLASM Archo*plasm, n. [See Archon; Plasma.] (Biol.) Defn: The substance from which attraction spheres develop in mitotic cell division, and of which they consist.

ARCHPRELATE

ARCHPRELATE Arch`prelate, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + prelate.] Defn: An archbishop or other chief prelate.

ARCHPRESBYTER

ARCHPRESBYTER Arch`presby*ter, n. Defn: Same as Archpriest.

ARCHPRESBYTERY

ARCHPRESBYTERY Arch`presby*ter*y, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + presbutery.] Defn: The absolute dominion of presbytery. Milton.

ARCHPRIEST

ARCHPRIEST Arch`priest, n. Defn: A chief priest; also, a kind of vicar, or a rural dean.

ARCHPRIMATE

ARCHPRIMATE Arch`primate, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + primate.] Defn: The chief primate. Milton.

ARCHTRAITOR

ARCHTRAITOR Arch`traitor, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + traitor.] Defn: A chief or transcendent traitor. I. Watts.

ARCHTREASURER

ARCHTREASURER Arch`treasur*er, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + treasurer.] Defn: A chief treasurer. Specifically, the great treasurer of the German empire.

ARCHWAY

ARCHWAY Archway, n. Defn: A way or passage under an arch.

ARCHWIFE

ARCHWIFE Arch`wife, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + wife.] Defn: A big, masculine wife. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ARCHWISE

ARCHWISE Archwise, adv. Defn: Arch-shaped.

ARCHY

ARCHY Archy, a. Defn: Arched; as, archy brows.

ARCHY

ARCHY *archy. Etym: [Gr. Arch-, pref.] Defn: A suffix properly meaning a rule, ruling, as in monarchy, the rule of one only. Cf. -arch.

ARCIFORM

ARCIFORM Arci*form, a. Etym: [L. arcus bow + -form.] Defn: Having the form of an arch; curved.

ARCOGRAPH

ARCOGRAPH Arco*graph, n. Etym: [L. arcus (E. arc) + -graph.] Defn: An instrument for drawing a circular arc without the use of a central point; a cyclograph.

ARCTATION

ARCTATION Arc*tation, n. Etym: [L. arctus shut in, narrow, p. p. of arcere to shut in: cf. F. arctation.] (Med.) Defn: Constriction or contraction of some natural passage, as in constipation from inflammation.

ARCTIC

ARCTIC Arctic, a. Etym: [OE. artik, OF. artique, F. arctique, L. arcticus, fr. Gr. ursus bear, Skr. Defn: Pertaining to, or situated under, the northern constellation called the Bear; northern; frigid; as, the arctic pole, circle, region, ocean; an arctic expedition, night, temperature. Note: The arctic circle is a lesser circle, parallel to the equator, 23? 28' from the north pole. This and the antarctic circle are called the polar circles, and between these and the poles lie the frigid zones. See Zone.

ARCTIC

ARCTIC Arctic, n. 1. The arctic circle. 2. A warm waterproof overshoe. [U.S.]

ARCTISCA

ARCTISCA Arc*tisca, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of Arachnida. See Illust. in Appendix.

ARCTOGEAL

ARCTOGEAL Arc`to*geal, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to arctic lands; as, the arctogeal fauna.

ARCTOIDEA

ARCTOIDEA Arc*toide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. -oid.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of the Carnivora, that includes the bears, weasels, etc.

ARCTURUS

ARCTURUS Arc*turus, n. Etym: [L. Arcturus, Gr. Arctic.] (Anat.) Defn: A fixed star of the first magnitude in the constellation Bo?tes. Note: Arcturus has sometimes been incorrectly used as the name of the constellation, or even of Ursa Major. Canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons [Rev. Ver.: the Bear with her train]. Job xxxviii. 32.

ARCUAL

ARCUAL Arcu*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an arc. Arcual measure of an angle (Math.), that in which the unit angle has its measuring arc equal to the radius of the circle.

ARCUATE; ARCUATED

ARCUATE; ARCUATED Arcu*ate, Arcu*a`ted(#), a. Etym: [L. arcuatus, p. p. of arcuare to shape like a bow, fr. arcus. See Arc.] Defn: Bent or curved in the form of a bow. Arcuate stalks. Gray.

ARCUATELY

ARCUATELY Arcu*ate*ly, adv. Defn: In the form of a bow.

ARCUATION

ARCUATION Arc`u*ation, n. Etym: [L. arcuatio.] 1. The act of bending or curving; incurvation; the state of being bent; crookedness. Coxe. 2. (Hort.) Defn: A mode of propagating trees by bending branches to the ground, and covering the small shoots with earth; layering. Chambers.

ARCUBALIST

ARCUBALIST Arcu*ba*list, n. Etym: [See Arbalist.] Defn: A crossbow. Fosbroke.

ARCUBALISTER

ARCUBALISTER Ar`cu*balist*er, n. Etym: [L. arcuballistarius. Cf. Arbalister.] Defn: A crossbowman; one who used the arcubalist. Camden.

ARCUBUS

ARCUBUS Arcu*bus, n. Defn: See Arquebus. [Obs.] -ARD; -ART -ard, -art. Defn: The termination of many English words; as, coward, reynard, drunkard, mostly from the French, in which language this ending is of German origin, being orig. the same word as English hard. It usually has the sense of one who has to a high or excessive degree the quality expressed by the root; as, braggart, sluggard.

ARDASSINE

ARDASSINE Ar*dassine, n. Etym: [F. (cf. Sp. ardacina), fr. ardasse a kind of silk thread, fr. Ar. & Per. ardan a kind of raw silk.] Defn: A very fine sort of Persian silk.

ARDENCY

ARDENCY Arden*cy, n. 1. Heat. [R.] Sir T. Herbert. 2. Warmth of passion or affection; ardor; vehemence; eagerness; as, the ardency of love or zeal.

ARDENT

ARDENT Ardent, a. Etym: [OE. ardaunt, F. ardant, p. pr. of arder to burn, fr. L. ardere.] 1. Hot or burning; causing a sensation of burning; fiery; as, ardent spirits, that is, distilled liquors; an ardent fever. 2. Having the appearance or quality of fire; fierce; glowing; shining; as, ardent eyes. Dryden. 3. Warm, applied to the passions and affections; passionate; fervent; zealous; vehement; as, ardent love, feelings, zeal, hope, temper. An ardent and impetuous race. Macaulay. Syn. -- Burning; hot; fiery; glowing; intense; fierce; vehement; eager; zealous; keen; fervid; fervent; passionate; affectionate.

ARDENTLY

ARDENTLY Ardent*ly, adv. Defn: In an ardent manner; eagerly; with warmth; affectionately; passionately.

ARDENTNESS

ARDENTNESS Ardent*ness, n. Defn: Ardency. [R.]

ARDOIS SYSTEM

ARDOIS SYSTEM Ar`dois system. (Naut.) Defn: A widely used system of electric night signals in which a series of double electric lamps (white and red) is arranged vertically on a mast, and operated from a keyboard below.

ARDOR

ARDOR Ardor, n. Etym: [L. ardor, fr. ardere to burn: cf. OF. ardor, ardur, F. ardeur.] [Spelt also ardour.] 1. Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the sun's rays. 2. Warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal; as, he pursues study with ardor; the fought with ardor; martial ardor. 3. pl. Defn: Bright and effulgent spirits; seraphim. [Thus used by Milton.] Syn. -- Fervor; warmth; eagerness. See Fervor.

ARDUOUS

ARDUOUS Ardu*ous, a. Etym: [L. arduus steep, high; akin to Ir. ard high, height.] 1. Steep and lofty, in a literal sense; hard to climb. Those arduous pats they trod. Pope. 2. Attended with great labor, like the ascending of acclivities; difficult; laborious; as, an arduous employment, task, or enterprise. Syn. -- Difficult; trying; laborious; painful; exhausting. -- Arduous, Hard, Difficult. Hard is simpler, blunter, and more general in sense than difficult; as, a hard duty to perform, hard work, a hard task, one which requires much bodily effort and perseverance to do. Difficult commonly implies more skill and sagacity than hard, as when there is disproportion between the means and the end. A work may be hard but not difficult. We call a thing arduous when it requires strenuous and persevering exertion, like that of one who is climbing a precipice; as, an arduous task, an arduous duty. It is often difficult to control our feelings; it is still harder to subdue our will; but it is an arduous undertaking to control the unruly and contending will of others.

ARDUOUSLY

ARDUOUSLY Ardu*ous*ly, adv. Defn: In an arduous manner; with difficulty or laboriousness.

ARDUOUSNESS

ARDUOUSNESS Ardu*ous*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being arduous; difficulty of execution.

ARDUROUS

ARDUROUS Ardu*rous, a. Defn: Burning; ardent. [R.] Lo! further on, Where flames the arduous Spirit of Isidore. Cary.

ARE

ARE Are. Etym: [AS. (Northumbrian) aron, akin to the 1st pers. pl. forms, Icel. erum, Goth. sijum, L. sumus, Gr. smas; all from a root as. Am and Is, and cf. Be.] Defn: The present indicative plural of the substantive verb to be; but etymologically a different word from be, or was. Am, art, are, and is, all come from the root as.

ARE

ARE Are, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. area. See Area.] (Metric system) Defn: The unit of superficial measure, being a square of which each side is ten meters in length; 100 square meters, or about 119.6 square yards.

AREA

AREA Are*a, n.; pl. Areas . Etym: [L. area a broad piece of level groAre, n.] 1. Any plane surface, as of the floor of a room or church, or of the ground within an inclosure; an open space in a building. The Alban lake . . . looks like the area of some vast amphitheater. Addison. 2. The inclosed space on which a building stands. 3. The sunken space or court, giving ingress and affording light to the basement of a building. 4. An extent of surface; a tract of the earth's surface; a region; as, vast uncultivated areas. 5. (Geom.) Defn: The superficial contents of any figure; the surface included within any given lines; superficial extent; as, the area of a square or a triangle. 6. (Biol.) Defn: A spot or small marked space; as, the germinative area. 7. Extent; scope; range; as, a wide area of thought. The largest area of human history and man's common nature. F. Harrison. Dry area. See under Dry.

AREAD; AREED

AREAD; AREED A*read, A*reed, v. t. Etym: [OE. areden, AS. ar to interpret. See Read.] 1. To tell, declare, explain, or interpret; to divine; to guess; as, to aread a riddle or a dream. [Obs.] Therefore more plain aread this doubtful case. Spenser. 2. To read. [Obs.] Drayton. 3. To counsel, advise, warn, or direct. But mark what I aread thee now. Avaunt! Milton. 4. To decree; to adjudge. [Archaic] Ld. Lytton.

AREAL

AREAL Are*al, a. Etym: [Cf. L. arealis, fr. area.] Defn: Of or pertaining to an area; as, areal interstices (the areas or spaces inclosed by the reticulate vessels of leaves).

AREAR

AREAR A*rear, v. t. & i. Etym: [AS. ar. See Rear.] Defn: To raise; to set up; to stir up. [Obs.]

AREAR

AREAR A*rear, adv. Etym: [See Arrear, adv.] Defn: Backward; in or to the rear; behindhand. Spenser.

ARECA

ARECA A*reca, n. Etym: [Canarese adiki: cf. Pg. & Sp. areca.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of palms, one species of which produces the areca nut, or betel nut, which is chewed in India with the leaf of the Piper Betle and lime.

ARECOLINE; ARECOLIN

ARECOLINE; ARECOLIN A*reco*line, A*reco*lin, n. [From NL. Areca, a genus of palms bearing betel nut.] Defn: An oily liquid substance, C8H13O2N, the chief alkaloid of the betel nut, to which the latter owes its anthelmintic action.

AREEK

AREEK A*reek, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + reek.] Defn: In a reeking condition. Swift.

AREFACTION

AREFACTION Ar`e*faction, n. Etym: [L. arefacere to dry.] Defn: The act of drying, or the state of growing dry. The arefaction of the earth. Sir M. Hale.

AREFY

AREFY Are*fy, v. t. Etym: [L. arere to be dry + -fly.] Defn: To dry, or make dry. Bacon.

ARENA

ARENA A*rena, n.; pl. E. Arenas; L. Aren?. Etym: [L. arena, harena, sand, a sandy place.] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: The area in the central part of an amphitheater, in which the gladiators fought and other shows were exhibited; -- so called because it was covered with sand. 2. Any place of public contest or exertion; any sphere of action; as, the arenaof debate; the arena of life. 3. (Med.) Defn: Sand or gravel in the kidneys.

ARENACEOUS

ARENACEOUS Ar`e*naceous, a. Etym: [L. arenaceus, fr. arena sand.] Defn: Sandy or consisting largely of sand; of the nature of sand; easily disintegrating into sand; friable; as, arenaceous limestone.

ARENARIOUS

ARENARIOUS Ar`e*nari*ous, a. Etym: [L. arenarius, fr. arena sand.] Defn: Sandy; as, arenarious soil.

ARENATION

ARENATION Ar`e*nation, n. Etym: [L. arenatio, fr. arena sand.] (Med.) Defn: A sand bath; application of hot sand to the body. Dunglison.

ARENDATOR

ARENDATOR Ar`en*dator, n. Etym: [LL. arendator, arrendator, fr. arendare, arrendare, to pay rent, fr. arenda yearly rent; ad + renda, F. rente, E. rent. Cf. Arrentation and Rent.] Defn: In some provinces of Russia, one who farms the rents or revenues. Note: A person who rents an estate belonging to the crown is called crown arendator. Tooke.

ARENG; ARENGA

ARENG; ARENGA A*reng, A*renga, n. Etym: [Malayan.] Defn: A palm tree (Saguerus saccharifer) which furnishes sago, wine, and fibers for ropes; the gomuti palm.

ARENICOLITE

ARENICOLITE Ar`e*nico*lite, n. Etym: [L. arena sand + colere to cherish or live.] (Paleon.) Defn: An ancient wormhole in sand, preserved in the rocks. Dana.

ARENILITIC

ARENILITIC A*ren`i*litic, a. Etym: [L. arena sand + Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to sandstone; as, arenilitic mountains. Kirwan.

ARENOSE

ARENOSE Are*nose, a. Etym: [L. arenosus, fr. arena sand.] Defn: Sandy; full of sand. Johnson.

ARENULOUS

ARENULOUS A*renu*lous, a. Etym: [L. arenula fine sand, dim. of arena.] Defn: Full of fine sand; like sand. [Obs.]

AREOLA

AREOLA A*reo*la, n.; pl. Areol?. Etym: [L. areola, dim. of area: cf. F. ar?ole. See Area.] 1. An interstice or small space, as between the cracks of the surface in certain crustaceous lichens; or as between the fibers composing organs or vessels that interlace; or as between the nervures of an insect's wing. 2. (Anat. & Med.) Defn: The colored ring around the nipple, or around a vesicle or pustule.

AREOLAR

AREOLAR A*reo*lar, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or like, an areola; filled with interstices or areol?. reolar tissue (Anat.), a form of fibrous connective tissue in which the fibers are loosely arranged with numerous spaces, or areol?, between them.

AREOLATE; AREOLATED

AREOLATE; AREOLATED A*reo*late, A*reo*la*ted, a. Etym: [L. areola: cf. F. ar?ole.] Defn: Divided into small spaces or areolations, as the wings of insects, the leaves of plants, or the receptacle of compound flowers.

AREOLATION

AREOLATION A`re*o*lation, n. 1. Division into areol?. Dana. 2. Any small space, bounded by some part different in color or structure, as the spaces bounded by the nervures of the wings of insects, or those by the veins of leaves; an areola.

AREOLE

AREOLE Are*ole, n. Defn: Same as Areola.

AREOLET

AREOLET A*reo*let, n. Etym: [Dim. of L. areola.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small inclosed area; esp. one of the small spaces on the wings of insects, circumscribed by the veins.

AREOMETER

AREOMETER A`re*ome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter: cf. F. ar?om?tre.] (Physics) Defn: An instrument for measuring the specific gravity of fluids; a form hydrometer.

AREOMETRIC; AREOMETRICAL

AREOMETRIC; AREOMETRICAL A`re*o*metric, A`re*o*metric*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or measured by, an areometer.

AREOMETRY

AREOMETRY A`re*ome*try, n. Etym: [Gr. -metry.] Defn: The art or process of measuring the specific gravity of fluids.

AREOPAGIST

AREOPAGIST Ar`e*opa*gist, n. Defn: See Areopagite.

AREOPAGITE

AREOPAGITE Ar`e*opa*gite, n. Etym: [L. Areopagites, Gr. Defn: A member of the Areopagus. Acts xvii. 34.

AREOPAGITIC

AREOPAGITIC Ar`e*op`a*gitic, a. Etym: [L. Areopagiticus, Gr. Defn: Pertaining to the Areopagus. Mitford.

AREOPAGUS

AREOPAGUS Ar`e*opa*gus, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Defn: The highest judicial court at Athens. Its sessions were held on Mars' Hill. Hence, any high court or tribunal

AREOSTYLE

AREOSTYLE A*reo*style, a. & n. Defn: See Intercolumniation, and Ar?ostyle.

AREOSYSTYLE

AREOSYSTYLE A*re`o*systyle, a. & n. Defn: See Intercolumniation, and Ar?osystyle.

ARERE

ARERE A*rere, v. t. & i. Defn: See Arear. [Obs.] Ellis.

AREST

AREST A*rest, n. Defn: A support for the spear when couched for the attack. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ARET

ARET A*ret, v. t. Etym: [OE. aretten, OF. areter; a (L. ad) + OF. reter, L. reputare. See Repute.] Defn: To reckon; to ascribe; to impute. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ARETAICS

ARETAICS Ar`e*taics, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The ethical theory which excludes all relations between virtue and happiness; the science of virtue; -- contrasted with eudemonics. J. Grote.

ARETE

ARETE A`r?te, n. [F., lit., a sharp fish bone, ridge, sharp edge, fr. L. arista beard of grain.] (Geog.) Defn: An acute and rugged crest of a mountain range or a subsidiary ridge between two mountain gorges.

ARETOLOGY

ARETOLOGY Ar`e*tolo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. ar?tologie.] Defn: That part of moral philosophy which treats of virtue, its nature, and the means of attaining to it.

AREW

AREW A*rew. adv. Etym: [See Arow, Row.] Defn: In a row. [Obs.] All her teeth arew. Spenser.

ARGAL

ARGAL Argal, n. Defn: Crude tartar. See Argol.

ARGAL

ARGAL Argal, adv. Defn: A ludicrous corruption of the Latin word ergo, therefore. Shak.

ARGAL; ARGALI

ARGAL; ARGALI Argal, Arga*li, n. Etym: [Mongolian.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A species of wild sheep (Ovis ammon, or O. argali), remarkable for its large horns. It inhabits the mountains of Siberia and central Asia. Note: The bearded argali is the aoudad. See Aoudad. The name is also applied to the bighorn sheep of the Rocky Mountains. See Bighorn.

ARGALA

ARGALA Arga*la, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The adjutant bird.

ARGAND LAMP

ARGAND LAMP Argand lamp`. Etym: [Named from the inventor, Aim? Argand of Geneva.] Defn: A lamp with a circular hollow wick and glass chimney which allow a current of air both inside and outside of the flame. Argand burner, a burner for an Argand lamp, or a gas burner in which the principle of that lamp is applied.

ARGAS

ARGAS Argas, n. Defn: A genus of venomous ticks which attack men and animals. The famous Persian Argas, also called Miana bug, is A. Persicus; that of Central America, called talaje by the natives, is A. Talaje.

ARGEAN

ARGEAN Ar*gean, a. Defn: Pertaining to the ship Argo. See Argo.

ARGENT

ARGENT Argent, n. Etym: [F. argent, fr. L. argentum, silver; akin to Gr. rajata white, silver, raj to shine, Ir. arg white, milk, airgiod silver, money, and L. arguere to make clear. See Argue.] 1. Silver, or money. [Archaic] 2. (Fig. & Poet.) Defn: Whiteness; anything that is white. The polished argent of her breast. Tennyson. 3. (Her.) Defn: The white color in coats of arms, intended to represent silver, or, figuratively, purity, innocence, beauty, or gentleness; -- represented in engraving by a plain white surface. Weale.

ARGENT

ARGENT Argent, a. Defn: Made of silver; of a silvery color; white; shining. Yonder argent fields above. Pope.

ARGENTAL

ARGENTAL Ar*gental, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to silver; resembling, containing, or combined with, silver.

ARGENTALIUM

ARGENTALIUM Ar`gen*tali*um, n. [NL.; L. argentum silver + E. aluminium.] Defn: A (patented) alloy of aluminium and silver, with a density of about 2.9.

ARGENTAMINE; ARGENTAMIN

ARGENTAMINE; ARGENTAMIN Ar*genta*mine, Ar*genta*min, n. [L. argentum silver + E. amine.] (Med.) Defn: A solution of silver phosphate in an aqueous solution of ethylene diamine, used as an antiseptic astringent and as a disinfectant.

ARGENTAN

ARGENTAN Argen*tan, n. Defn: An alloy of nicked with copper and zinc; German silver.

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