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ARCH STONE Arch stone`. Defn: A wedge-shaped stone used in an arch; a voussoir.


ARCHAEAN Ar*ch?an, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Ancient; pertaining to the earliest period in geological history.


ARCHAEAN Ar*ch?an, n. (Geol.) Defn: The earliest period in geological period, extending up to the Lower Silurian. It includes an Azoic age, previous to the appearance of life, and an Eozoic age, including the earliest forms of life. Note: This is equivalent to the formerly accepted term Azoic, and to the Eozoic of Dawson.


ARCHAEOGRAPHY Ar`ch?*ogra*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. -graphy.] Defn: A description of, or a treatise on, antiquity or antiquities.


ARCHAEOLITHIC Ar`ch?*o*lithic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Arch?ol.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the earliest Stone age; -- applied to a prehistoric period preceding the Paleolithic age.


ARCHAEOLOGIAN Ar`ch?*o*logi*an, n. Defn: An arch?ologist.


ARCHAEOLOGIC; ARCHAEOLOGICAL Ar`ch?*o*logic, Ar`ch?*o*logic*al, Defn: Relating to arch?ology, or antiquities; as, arch?ological researches. -- Ar`*ch?*o*logic*al*ly, adv.


ARCHAEOLOGIST Ar`ch?*olo*gist, n. Defn: One versed in arch?ology; an antiquary. Wright.


ARCHAEOLOGY Ar`ch?*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.


ARCHAEOPTERYX Ar`ch?*opte*ryx, n. Etym: [Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A fossil bird, of the Jurassic period, remarkable for having a long tapering tail of many vertebr? with feathers along each side, and jaws armed with teeth, with other reptilian characteristics.


ARCHAEOSTOMATOUS Ar`ch?*o*stoma*tous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Applied to a gastrula when the blastorope does not entirely up.


ARCHAEOZOIC Ar`ch?*o*zoic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Like or belonging to the earliest forms of animal life.


ARCHAIC Ar*chaic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or characterized by antiquity or archaism; antiquated; obsolescent.


ARCHAICAL Ar*chaic*al, a. Defn: Archaic. [R.] -- Ar*chaic*al*ly, adv.


ARCHAISM Archa*ism, n. Etym: [Gr. archa?sme. See Arch, a.] 1. An ancient, antiquated, or old-fashioned, word, expression, or idiom; a word or form of speech no longer in common use. 2. Antiquity of style or use; obsoleteness. A select vocabulary corresponding (in point of archaism and remoteness from ordinary use) to our Scriptural vocabulary. De Quincey.


ARCHAIST Archa*ist, n. 1. Am antiquary. 2. One who uses archaisms.


ARCHAISTIC Ar`cha*istic, a. Defn: Like, or imitative of, anything archaic; pertaining to an archaism.


ARCHAIZE Archa*ize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Archaized; p. pr. & vb. n. Archaizing.] Etym: [Gr. Defn: To make appear archaic or antique. Mahaffy.


ARCHANGEL Arch`angel, n. Etym: [L. archangelus, Gr. archangel, F. archange. See Arch-, pref., and Angel.] 1. A chief angel; one high in the celestial hierarchy. Milton. 2. (Bot.) Defn: A term applied to several different species of plants (Angelica archangelica, Lamium album, etc.).


ARCHANGELIC Arch`an*gelic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. archang?lique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to archangels; of the nature of, or resembling, an archangel. Milton.


ARCHBISHOP Arch`bishop, n. Etym: [AS. arcebisceop, arcebiscop, L. archiepiscopus, fr. Gr. Bishop.] Defn: A chief bishop; a church dignitary of the first class (often called a metropolitan or primate) who superintends the conduct of the suffragan bishops in his province, and also exercises episcopal authority in his own diocese.


ARCHBISHOPRIC Arch`bishop*ric, n. Etym: [AS. arcebiscoprice. See -ric.] Defn: The jurisdiction or office of an archbishop; the see or province over which archbishop exercises archiepiscopal authority.


ARCHBUTLER Arch`butler, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + butler.] Defn: A chief butler; -- an officer of the German empire.


ARCHCHAMBERLAIN Arch`chamber*lain, n. Etym: [Cf. G. erzk?mmerer. See Arch-, pref.] Defn: A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.


ARCHCHANCELLOR Arch`chancel*lor, n. Etym: [Cf. Ger. erzkanzler. See Arch-, pref.] Defn: A chief chancellor; -- an officer in the old German empire, who presided over the secretaries of the court.


ARCHCHEMIC Arch`chemic, a. Defn: Of supreme chemical powers. [R.] The archchemic sun. Milton.


ARCHDEACON Arch`deacon, n. Etym: [AS. arcediacon, archidiacon, L. archidiaconus, fr. Gr. Arch-, pref., and Deacon.] Defn: In England, an ecclesiastical dignitary, next in rank below a bishop, whom he assists, and by whom he is appointed, though with independent authority. Blackstone.


ARCHDEACONRY Arch`deacon*ry, n. Defn: The district, office, or residence of an archdeacon. See Benefice. Every diocese is divided into archdeaconries. Blackstone.


ARCHDEACONSHIP Arch`deacon*ship, n. Defn: The office of an archdeacon.


ARCHDIOCESE Arch`dio*cese, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + diocese.] Defn: The diocese of an archbishop.


ARCHDUCAL Arch`ducal, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an archduke or archduchy.


ARCHDUCHESS Arch`duchess, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + duchess.] Defn: The consort of an archduke; also, a princess of the imperial family of Austria. See Archduke.


ARCHDUCHY Arch`duchy, n. Defn: The territory of an archduke or archduchess. Ash.


ARCHDUKE Arch`duke, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + duke.] Defn: A prince of the imperial family of Austria. Note: Formerly this title was assumed by the rulers of Lorraine, Brabant, Austria, etc. It is now appropriated to the descendants of the imperial family of Austria through the make line, all such male descendants being styled archduke, and all such female descendants archduchesses.


ARCHDUKEDOM Arch`dukedom, n. Defn: An archduchy.


ARCHEBIOSIS Ar`che*bi*osis, n. Etym: [Pref. arche- + Gr. Defn: To origination of living matter from non-living. See Abiogenesis. Bastian.


ARCHED Arched, a. Defn: Made with an arch or curve; covered with an arch; as, an arched door.


ARCHEGONIAL Ar`che*goni*al, a. Defn: Relating to the archegonium.


ARCHEGONIUM Ar`che*goni*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The pistillidium or female organ in the higher cryptogamic plants, corresponding to the pistil in flowering plants.


ARCHEGONY Ar*chego*ny, n. Etym: [See Archegonium.] (Biol.) Defn: Spontaneous generation; abiogenesis.


ARCHELOGY Ar*chelo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] Defn: The science of, or a treatise on, first principles. Fleming.


ARCHENCEPHALA Ar`chen*cepha*la, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. pref. (Zo?l.) Defn: The division that includes man alone. R. Owen.


ARCHENEMY Arch`ene*my, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + enemy.] Defn: A principal enemy. Specifically, Satan, the grand adversary of mankind. Milton.


ARCHENTERIC Arch`en*teric, a. (Biol.) Defn: Relating to the archenteron; as, archenteric invagination.


ARCHENTERON Arch`enter*on, n. Etym: [Pref. arch- + Gr. (Biol.) Defn: The primitive enteron or undifferentiated digestive sac of a gastrula or other embryo. See Illust. under Invagination.


ARCHEOLOGY; ARCHEOLOGICAL Ar`che*olo*gy, n., Ar`che*o*log`ic*al, a. Defn: Same as Arch?ology, etc.


ARCHER Archer, n. Etym: [archier, F. archer, LL. arcarius, fr. L. arcus bow. See Arc, Arch, n.] Defn: A bowman, one skilled in the use of the bow and arrow.


ARCHER FISH Archer fish`. (Zo?l.) Defn: A small fish (Toxotes jaculator), of the East Indies; -- so called from its ejecting drops of water from its mouth at its prey. The name is also applied to Ch?todon rostratus.


ARCHERESS Archer*ess, n. Defn: A female archer. Markham.


ARCHERSHIP Archer*ship, n. Defn: The art or skill of an archer.


ARCHERY Archer*y, n. Etym: [OE. archerie.] 1. The use of the bow and arrows in battle, hunting, etc.; the art, practice, or skill of shooting with a bow and arrows. 2. Archers, or bowmen, collectively. Let all our archery fall off In wings of shot a-both sides of the van. Webster (1607).


ARCHES Arches, Defn: pl. of Arch, n. Court of arches, or Arches Court (Eng. Law), the court of appeal of the Archbishop of Canterbury, whereof the judge, who sits as deputy to the archbishop, is called the Dean of the Arches, because he anciently held his court in the church of St. Mary-le-Bow (de arcubus). It is now held in Westminster. Mozley & W.


ARCHETYPAL Arche*ty`pal, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an archetype; consisting a model (real or ideal) or pattern; original. One archetypal mind. Gudworth. Note: Among Platonists, the archetypal world is the world as it existed as an idea of God before the creation.


ARCHETYPALLY Arche*ty`pal*ly, adv. Defn: With reference to the archetype; originally. Parts archetypally distinct. Dana.


ARCHETYPE Arche*type, n. Etym: [L. archetypum, Gr. arch?type. See Arch-, pref.] 1. The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made or formed. The House of Commons, the archetype of all the representative assemblies which now meet. Macaulay. Types and shadows of that glorious archetype that was to come into the world. South. 2. (Coinage) Defn: The standard weight or coin by which others are adjusted. 3. (Biol.) Defn: The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; as, the vertebrate archetype.


ARCHETYPICAL Ar`che*typic*al, a. Defn: Relating to an archetype; archetypal.


ARCHEUS Ar*cheus, n. Etym: [LL. arch, Gr. Archi-, pref.] Defn: The vital principle or force which (according to the Paracelsians) presides over the growth and continuation of living beings; the anima mundi or plastic power of the old philosophers. [Obs.] Johnson.


ARCHI- Archi-. Etym: [L., archi-, Gr. arce-, erce-, OHG. erzi-.] Defn: A prefix signifying chief, arch; as, architect, archiepiscopal. In Biol. and Anat. it usually means primitive, original, ancestral; as, archipterygium, the primitive fin or wing.


ARCHIANNELIDA Ar`chi*an*neli*da, n. pl. Etym: [NL.; pref. archi- + annelida.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of Annelida remarkable for having no external segments or distinct ventral nerve ganglions.


ARCHIATER Archi*a`ter, n. Etym: [L. archiatrus, Gr. Defn: Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities. P. Cyc.


ARCHIBALD WHEEL Archi*bald wheel. Defn: A metal-hubbed wheel of great strength and elasticity, esp. adapted for artillery carriages and motor cars.


ARCHIBLASTULA Ar`chi*blastu*la, n. Etym: [Pref. archi + blastula.] (Biol.) Defn: A hollow blastula, supposed to be the primitive form; a c


ARCHICAL Archi*cal, a. Etym: [Gr. Arch-, pref.] Defn: Chief; primary; primordial. [Obs.] Cudworth.


ARCHIDIACONAL Ar`chi*di*aco*nal, a. Etym: [L. archidiaconus, Gr. archdeacon.] Defn: Of or pertaining to an archdeacon. This offense is liable to be censured in an archidiaconal visitation. Johnson.


ARCHIEPISCOPACY Ar`chi*e*pisco*pa*cy, n. Etym: [Pref. archi- + episcopacy.] 1. That form of episcopacy in which the chief power is in the hands of archbishops. 2. The state or dignity of an archbishop.


ARCHIEPISCOPAL Ar`chi*e*pisco*pal, a. Etym: [Pref. archi- + episcopal.] Defn: Of or pertaining to an archbishop; as, Canterbury is an archiepiscopal see.


ARCHIEPISCOPALITY Ar`chi*e*pis`co*pali*ty, n. Defn: The station or dignity of an archbishop; archiepiscopacy. Fuller.


ARCHIEPISCOPATE Ar`chi*e*pisco*pate, n. Etym: [Pref. archi- + episcopate.] Defn: The office of an archbishop; an archbishopric.


ARCHIEREY Ar*chie*rey, n. Etym: [Russ. archier?i, fr. Gr. arch-) + * priest.] Defn: The higher order of clergy in Russia, including metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops. Pinkerton.


ARCHIL Archil, n. Etym: [OF. orchel, orcheil, It. orcella, oricello, or OSp. orchillo. Cf. Orchil.] 1. A violet dye obtained from several species of lichen (Roccella tinctoria, etc.), which grow on maritime rocks in the Canary and Cape Verd Islands, etc. Tomlinson. 2. The plant from which the dye is obtained. [Written also orchal and orchil.]


ARCHILOCHIAN Ar`chi*lochi*an, a. Etym: [L. Archilochius.] Defn: Of or pertaining to the satiric Greek poet Archilochus; as, Archilochian meter.


ARCHIMAGE; ARCHIMAGUS Archi*mage, Ar`chi*magus, n. Etym: [NL.; pref. archi- + L. magus, Gr. 1. The high priest of the Persian Magi, or worshipers of fire. 2. A great magician, wizard, or enchanter. Spenser.


ARCHIMANDRITE Ar`chi*mandrite, n. Etym: [L. archimandrita, LGr. arch-) + (Gr. Church) (a) A chief of a monastery, corresponding to abbot in the Roman Catholic church. (b) A superintendent of several monasteries, corresponding to superior abbot, or father provincial, in the Roman Catholic church.


ARCHIMEDEAN Ar`chi*me*dean, a. Etym: [L. Archimedeus.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Archimedes, a celebrated Greek philosopher; constructed on the principle of Archimedes' screw; as, Archimedean drill, propeller, etc. Archimedean screw, or Archimedes' screw, an instrument, said to have been invented by Archimedes, for raising water, formed by winding a flexible tube round a cylinder in the form of a screw. When the screw is placed in an inclined position, and the lower end immersed in water, by causing the screw to revolve, the water is raised to the upper end. Francis.


ARCHIMEDES Ar`chi*medes, n. (Paleon.) Defn: An extinct genus of Bryzoa characteristic of the subcarboniferous rocks. Its form is that of a screw.


ARCHING Arching, n. 1. The arched part of a structure. 2. (Naut.) Defn: Hogging; -- opposed to sagging.


ARCHIPELAGIC Ar`chi*pe*lagic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an archipelago.


ARCHIPELAGO Ar`chi*pela*go, n.; pl. -goes or -gos. Etym: [It. arcipelago, properly, chief sea; Gr. pref Plague.] 1. The Grecian Archipelago, or ?gean Sea, separating Greece from Asia Minor. It is studded with a vast number of small islands. 2. Hence: Any sea or broad sheet of water interspersed with many islands or with a group of islands.


ARCHIPTERYGIUM Ar*chip`te*rygi*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. pref. arch-) + (Anat.) Defn: The primitive form of fin, like that of Ceratodus.


ARCHITECT Archi*tect, n. Etym: [L. architectus, architecton, Gr. archi-) + architecte, It. architetto. See Technical.] 1. A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed. 2. A contriver, designer, or maker. The architects of their own happiness. Milton. A French woman is a perfect architect in dress. Coldsmith.


ARCHITECTIVE Ar`chi*tective, a. Defn: Used in building; proper for building. Derham.


ARCHITECTONIC Ar`chi*tec*tonic, n. Etym: [Cf. F. architectonique.] 1. The science of architecture. 2. The act of arranging knowledge into a system.


ARCHITECTONIC; ARCHITECTONICAL Ar`chi*tec*tonic, Ar`chi*tec*tonic*al, a. Etym: [L. architectonicus, Gr. Architect.] 1. Pertaining to a master builder, or to architecture; evincing skill in designing or construction; constructive. Architectonic wisdom. Boyle. These architectonic functions which we had hitherto thought belonged. J. C. Shairp. 2. Relating to the systemizing of knowledge.


ARCHITECTONICS Ar`chi*tec*tonics, n. Defn: The science of architecture.


ARCHITECTOR Archi*tec`tor, n. Defn: An architect. [Obs.] North.


ARCHITECTRESS Archi*tec`tress, n. Defn: A female architect.


ARCHITECTURAL Ar`chi*tectur*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the art of building; conformed to the rules of architecture. -- Ar`chi*tectur*al*ly, adv.


ARCHITECTURE Archi*tec`ture, n. Etym: [L. architectura, fr. architectus: cf. F. architecture. See Architect.] 1. The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; -- often called civil architecture. Many other architectures besides Gothic. Ruskin. 3. Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship. The architecture of grasses, plants, and trees. Tyndall. The formation of the first earth being a piece of divine architecture. Burnet. Military architecture, the art of fortifications. -- Naval architecture, the art of building ships.


ARCHITEUTHIS Ar`chi*teuthis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. pref. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of gigantic cephalopods, allied to the squids, found esp. in the North Atlantic and about New Zealand.


ARCHITRAVE Archi*trave, n. Etym: [F. architrave, fr. It. architrave; pref. archi- + trave beam, L. trabs.] (Arch.) (a) The lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column, esp. in classical architecture. See Column. (b) The group of moldings, or other architectural member, above and on both sides of a door or other opening, especially if square in form.


ARCHITRAVED Archi*traved, a. Defn: Furnished with an architrave. Cowper.


ARCHIVAL Archi*val, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or contained in, archives or records. Tooke.


ARCHIVE Archive, n.; pl. Archives. Etym: [F. archives, pl., L. archivum, archium, fr. Gr. Archi-, pref.] 1. pl. Defn: The place in which public records or historic documents are kept. Our words . . . . become records in God's court, and are laid up in his archives as witnesses. Gov. of Tongue. 2. pl. Defn: Public records or documents preserved as evidence of facts; as, the archives of a country or family. [Rarely used in sing.] Some rotten archive, rummaged out of some seldom explored press. Lamb. Syn. -- Registers; records; chronicles.


ARCHIVIST Archi*vist, n. Etym: [F. archiviste.] Defn: A keeper of archives or records. [R.]


ARCHIVOLT Archi*volt, n. Etym: [F. archivolte, fr. It. archivolto; pref. archi- + volto vault, arch. See Vault.] (Arch.) (a) The architectural member surrounding the curved opening of an arch, corresponding to the architrave in the case of a square opening. (b) More commonly, the molding or other ornaments with which the wall face of the voussoirs of an arch is charged.


ARCHLUTE; ARCHILUTE Archlute, Archi*lute, n. Etym: [Cf. F. archiluth, It. arciliuto.] (Mus.) Defn: A large theorbo, or double-necked lute, formerly in use, having the bass strings doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.


ARCHLY Archly, adv. Defn: In an arch manner; with attractive slyness or roguishness; slyly; waggishly. Archly the maiden smiled. Longfellow.


ARCHMARSHAL Arch`marshal, n. Etym: [G. erzmarschall. See Arch-, pref.] Defn: The grand marshal of the old German empire, a dignity that to the Elector of Saxony.


ARCHNESS Archness, n. Defn: The quality of being arch; cleverness; sly humor free from malice; waggishness. Goldsmith.


ARCHON Archon, n. Etym: [L. archon, Gr. (Antiq.) Defn: One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by pre?minence, the first of the nine chief magistrates. -- Ar*chontic, a.

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