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ARACHNIDAN A*rachni*dan, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Arachnida.


ARACHNIDIAL Ar`ach*nidi*al, a. (Zo?l.) (a) Of or pertaining to the Arachnida. (b) Pertaining to the arachnidium.


ARACHNIDIUM Ar`ach*nidi*um, n. Etym: [NL. See Arachnida.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The glandular organ in which the material for the web of spiders is secreted.


ARACHNITIS Ar`ach*nitis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Inflammation of the arachnoid membrane.


ARACHNOID A*rachnoid, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. Resembling a spider's web; cobweblike. 2. (Anat.) Defn: Pertaining to a thin membrane of the brain and spinal cord, between the dura mater and pia mater. 3. (Bot.) Defn: Covered with, or composed of, soft, loose hairs or fibers, so as to resemble a cobweb; cobwebby.


ARACHNOID A*rachnoid, n. 1. (Anat.) Defn: The arachnoid membrane. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Arachnoidea.


ARACHNOIDAL Ar`ach*noidal, a. (Anat.) Defn: Pertaining to the arachnoid membrane; arachnoid.


ARACHNOIDEA Ar`ach*noide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Same as Arachnida.


ARACHNOLOGICAL A*rach`no*logic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to arachnology.


ARACHNOLOGIST Ar`ach*nolo*gist, n. Defn: One who is versed in, or studies, arachnology.


ARACHNOLOGY Ar`ach*nolo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] Defn: The department of zo?logy which treats of spiders and other Arachnida.


ARAEOMETER A`r?*ome*ter. Defn: See Areometer.


ARAEOSTYLE A*r?o*style, a. & n. Etym: [L. araeostylos, Gr. (Arch.) Defn: See Intercolumniation.


ARAEOSYSTYLE A*r?`o*systyle, a. & n. Etym: [Gr. Systyle.] (Arch.) Defn: See Intercolumniation.


ARAGONESE Ar`a*go*nese, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Aragon, in Spain, or to its inhabitants. -- n. sing. & pl. Defn: A native or natives of Aragon, in Spain.


ARAGONITE A*rago*nite, n. Etym: [From Aragon, in Spain.] (Min.) Defn: A mineral identical in composition with calcite or carbonate of lime, but differing from it in its crystalline form and some of its physical characters.


ARAGUATO A`ra*guato, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A South American monkey, the ursine howler (Mycetes ursinus). See Howler, n., 2.


ARAISE A*raise", v. t. Defn: To raise. [Obs.] Shak.


ARAK Arak, n. Defn: Same as Arrack.


ARAMAEAN; ARAMEAN Ar`a*m?an, Ar`a*mean, a. Etym: [L. Aramaeus, Gr. Aram, i. e. Highland, a name given to Syria and Mesopotamia.] Defn: Of or pertaining to the Syrians and Chaldeans, or to their language; Aramaic. -- n. Defn: A native of Aram.


ARAMAIC Ar`a*maic, a. Etym: [See Aram?an, a.] Defn: Pertaining to Aram, or to the territory, inhabitants, language, or literature of Syria and Mesopotamia; Aram?an; -- specifically applied to the northern branch of the Semitic family of languages, including Syriac and Chaldee. -- n. Defn: The Aramaic language.


ARAMAISM Ar`a*maism, n. Defn: An idiom of the Aramaic.


ARANEIDA; ARANEOIDEA Ar`a*nei*da, Ar`a*ne*oide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zo?l.) Defn: See Araneina.


ARANEIDAN Ar`a*nei*dan, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Araneina or spiders. -- n. Defn: One of the Araneina; a spider.


ARANEIFORM Ar`a*nei*form a. Etym: [L. aranea spider + -form.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Having the form of a spider. Kirby.


ARANEINA A*ra`ne*ina, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. L. aranea spider.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The order of Arachnida that includes the spiders. Note: They have mandibles, modified a poison faIllustration in Appendix.


ARANEOSE A*rane*ose`, a. Etym: [L. araneous.] Defn: Of the aspect of a spider's web; arachnoid.


ARANEOUS A*rane*ous, a. Etym: [L. araneosus, fr. aranea spider, spider's web.] Defn: Cobweblike; extremely thin and delicate, like a cobweb; as, the araneous membrane of the eye. See Arachnoid. Derham.


ARANGO A*rango, n.; pl. Arangoes. Etym: [The native name.] Defn: A bead of rough carnelian. Arangoes were formerly imported from Bombay for use in the African slave trade. McCulloch.


ARAPAIMA A`ra*paima, n. Etym: [Prob. native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A large fresh-water food fish of South America.


ARARA A*rara, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The palm (or great black) cockatoo, of Australia (Microglossus aterrimus).


ARAROBA Ar`a*roba, n. [Tupi.] 1. Goa powder. 2. A fabaceous tree of Brazil (Centrolobium robustum) having handsomely striped wood; --called also zebrawood.


ARATION A*ration, n. Etym: [L. aratio, fr. arare to plow.] Defn: Plowing; tillage. [R.] Lands are said to be in a state of aration when they are under tillage. Brande.


ARATORY Ara*to*ry, a. Etym: [LL. aratorius: cf. F. aratoire.] Defn: Contributing to tillage.


ARAUCARIA Ar`au*cari*a, n. Etym: [Araucania, a territory south of Chili.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of tall conifers of the pine family. The species are confined mostly to South America and Australia. The wood cells differ from those of other in having the dots in their lateral surfaces in two or three rows, and the dots of contiguous rows alternating. The seeds are edible.


ARAUCARIAN Ar`au*cari*an, a. Defn: Relating to, or of the nature of, the Araucaria. The earliest conifers in geological history were mostly Araucarian. Dana.


ARBALEST; ARBALIST Arba*lest, Arba*list, n. Etym: [OF. arbaleste, LL. arbalista, for L. arcuballista; arcus bow + ballista a military engine. See Ballista.] (Antiq.) Defn: A crossbow, consisting of a steel bow set in a shaft of wood, furnished with a string and a trigger, and a mechanical device for bending the bow. It served to throw arrows, darts, bullets, etc. [Written also arbalet and arblast.] Fosbroke.


ARBALESTER; ARBALISTER Arba*lest`er, Arba*list`er, n. Etym: [OF. arblastere, OF. arbalestier. See Arbalest.] Defn: A crossbowman. [Obs.] Speed.


ARBITER Arbi*ter, n. Etym: [L. arbiter; ar- (for ad) + the root of betere to go; hence properly, one who comes up to look on.] 1. A person appointed, or chosen, by parties to determine a controversy between them. Note: In modern usage, arbitrator is the technical word. 2. Any person who has the power of judging and determining, or ordaining, without control; one whose power of deciding and governing is not limited. For Jove is arbiter of both to man. Cowper. Syn. -- Arbitrator; umpire; director; referee; controller; ruler; governor.


ARBITER Arbi*ter, v. t. Defn: To act as arbiter between. [Obs.]


ARBITRABLE Arbi*tra*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. arbitrable, fr. L. arbitrari. See Arbitrate, v. t.] Defn: Capable of being decided by arbitration; determinable. [Archaic] Bp. Hall.


ARBITRAGE Arbi*trage, n. Etym: [F., fr. arbiter to give judgment, L. arbitrari.] 1. Judgment by an arbiter; authoritative determination. [Archaic] 2. (Com) Defn: A traffic in bills of exchange (see Arbitration of Exchange); also, a traffic in stocks which bear differing values at the same time in different markets.


ARBITRAL Arbi*tral, a. Etym: [L. arbitralis.] Defn: Of or relating to an arbiter or an arbitration. [R.]


ARBITRAMENT Ar*bitra*ment, n. Etym: [LL. arbitramentum.] 1. Determination; decision; arbitration. The arbitrament of time. Everett. Gladly at this moment would MacIvor have put their quarrel to personal arbitrament. Sir W. Scott. 2. The award of arbitrators. Cowell.


ARBITRARILY Arbi*tra*ri*ly, adv. Defn: In an arbitrary manner; by will only; despotically; absolutely.


ARBITRARINESS Arbi*tra*ri*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being arbitrary; despoticalness; tyranny. Bp. Hall.


ARBITRARIOUS Ar`bi*trari*ous, a. Etym: [L. arbitrarius. See Arbitrary.] Defn: Arbitrary; despotic. [Obs.] -- Ar`bi*tra*ri*ous*ly, adv. [Obs.]


ARBITRARY Arbi*tra*ry, a. Etym: [L. arbitrarius, fr. arbiter: cf. F. arbitraire. See Arbiter.] 1. Depending on will or discretion; not governed by any fixed rules; as, an arbitrary decision; an arbitrary punishment. It was wholly arbitrary in them to do so. Jer. Taylor. Rank pretends to fix the value of every one, and is the most arbitrary of all things. Landor. 2. Exercised according to one's own will or caprice, and therefore conveying a notion of a tendency to abuse the possession of power. Arbitrary power is most easily established on the ruins of liberty abused licentiousness. Washington. 3. Despotic; absolute in power; bound by no law; harsh and unforbearing; tyrannical; as, an arbitrary prince or government. Dryden. Arbitrary constant, Arbitrary function (Math.), a quantity of function that is introduced into the solution of a problem, and to which any value or form may at will be given, so that the solution may be made to meet special requirements. -- Arbitrary quantity (Math.), one to which any value can be assigned at pleasure.


ARBITRATE Arbi*trate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Arbitrated; p. pr. & vb. n. Arbitrating.] Etym: [L. arbitratus, p. p. of arbitrari to be a hearer or beholder of something, to make a decision, to give judgment, fr. arbiter. See Arbiter.] 1. To hear and decide, as arbitrators; as, to choose to arbitrate a disputed case. 2. To decide, or determine generally. South. There shall your swords and lances arbitrate The swelling difference of your settled hate. Shak.


ARBITRATE Arbi*trate, v. i. 1. To decide; to determine. Shak. 2. To act as arbitrator or judge; as, to arbitrate upon several reports;; to arbitrate in disputes among heighbors; to arbitrate between parties to a suit.


ARBITRATION Ar`bi*tration, n. Etym: [F. arbitration, L. arbitratio, fr. arbitrari.] Defn: The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties. Note: This may be done by one person; but it is usual to choose two or three called arbitrators; or for each party to choose one, and these to name a third, who is called the umpire. Their determination is called the award. Bouvier Arbitration bond, a bond which obliges one to abide by the award of an arbitration. -- Arbitration of Exchange, the operation of converting the currency of one country into that of another, or determining the rate of exchange between such countries or currencies. An arbitrated rate is one determined by such arbitration through the medium of one or more intervening currencies.


ARBITRATOR Arbi*tra`tor, n. Etym: [L., fr. arbitrari: cf. F. arbitrateur.] 1. A person, or one of two or more persons, chosen by parties who have a controversy, to determine their differences. See Arbitration. 2. One who has the power of deciding or prescribing without control; a ruler; a governor. Though Heaven be shut, And Heaven's high Arbitrators sit secure. Milton. Masters of their own terms and arbitrators of a peace. Addison. Syn. -- Judge; umpire; referee; arbiter. See Judge.


ARBITRATRIX Arbi*tra`trix, n. Etym: [L., fem. of arbitrator.] Defn: A female who arbitrates or judges.


ARBITRESS Arbi*tress, n. Etym: [From Arbiter.] Defn: A female arbiter; an arbitratrix. Milton.


ARBLAST Arblast, n. Defn: A crossbow. See Arbalest.


ARBOR Arbor, n. Etym: [OE. herber, herbere, properly a garden of herbs, F. herbier, fr. L. herbarium. See Herb, and cf. Herbarium.] Defn: A kind of latticework formed of, or covered with, vines, branches of trees, or other plants, for shade; a bower. Sir P. Sidney.


ARBOR Arbor, n. [Written also arbour.] Etym: [L., a tree, a beam.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: A tree, as distinguished from a shrub. 2. Etym: [Cf. F. arbre.] (Mech.) (a) An axle or spindle of a wheel or opinion. (b) A mandrel in lathe turning. Knight. Arbor Day, a day appointed for planting trees and shrubs. [U.S.]


ARBOR DIANAE Arbor Di*an?. Etym: [L., the tree of Diana, or silver.] (Chem.) Defn: A precipitation of silver, in a beautiful arborescent form.


ARBOR VINE Arbor vine`. Defn: A species of bindweed.


ARBOR VITAE Arbor vit?. Etym: [L., tree of life.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: An evergreen tree of the cypress tribe, genus Thuja. The American species is the T. occidentalis. 2. (Anat.) Defn: The treelike disposition of the gray and white nerve tissues in the cerebellum, as seen in a vertical section.


ARBORARY Arbo*ra*ry, a. Etym: [L. arborarius, fr. arbor tree.] Defn: Of or pertaining to trees; arboreal.


ARBORATOR Arbo*ra`tor, n. Etym: [L., fr. arbor tree.] Defn: One who plants or who prunes trees. [Obs.] Evelyn.


ARBOREAL Ar*bore*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to a tree, or to trees; of nature of trees. Cowley. 2. Attached to, found in or upon, or frequenting, woods or trees; as, arboreal animals. Woodpeckers are eminently arboreal. Darwin.


ARBORED Arbored, a. Defn: Furnished with an arbor; lined with trees. An arboreal walk. Pollok.


ARBOREOUS Ar*bore*ous, a. Etym: [L. arboreous, fr. arbor tree.] 1. Having the form, constitution, or habits, of a proper tree, in distinction from a shrub. Loudon. 2. Pertaining to, or growing on, trees; as, arboreous moss. Quincy.


ARBORESCENCE Ar`bo*rescence, n. Defn: The state of being arborescent; the resemblance to a tree in minerals, or crystallizations, or groups of crystals in that form; as, the arborescence produced by precipitating silver.


ARBORESCENT Ar`bo*rescent, a. Etym: [L. arborescens, p. pr. of arborescere to become a tree, fr. arbor tree.] Defn: Resembling a tree; becoming woody in stalk; dendritic; having crystallizations disposed like the branches and twigs of a tree. Arborescent hollyhocks. Evelyn.


ARBORET Arbo*ret, n. Etym: [OF. arboret, dim. of arbre tree, L. arbor] Defn: A small tree or shrub. [Obs.] Spenser. Among thick-woven arborets, and flowers Imbordered on each bank. Milton.


ARBORETUM Ar`bo*retum, n.; pl. Arboreta. Etym: [L., a place grown with trees.] Defn: A place in which a collection of rare trees and shrubs is cultivated for scientific or educational purposes.


ARBORICAL Ar*boric*al, a. Defn: Relating to trees. [Obs.]


ARBORICOLE Ar*bori*cole, a. Etym: [L. arbor + colere to inhabit.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Tree-inhabiting; -- said of certain birds.


ARBORICULTURAL Ar`bor*i*cultur*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to arboriculture. Loudon.


ARBORICULTURE Ar`bor*i*culture, n. Etym: [L. arbor tree + cultura. See Culture.] Defn: The cultivation of trees and shrubs, chiefly for timber or for ornamental purposes.


ARBORICULTURIST Ar`bor*i*cultur*ist, n. Defn: One who cultivates trees.


ARBORIFORM Ar*bori*form, a. Defn: Treelike in shape.


ARBORIST Arbor*ist, n. Etym: [F. arboriste, fr. L. arbor tree.] Defn: One who makes trees his study, or who is versed in the knowledge of trees. Howell.


ARBORIZATION Ar`bor*i*zation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. arborisation, fr. L. arbor tree.] Defn: The appearance or figure of a tree or plant, as in minerals or fossils; a dendrite.


ARBORIZED Arbor*ized, a. Defn: Having a treelike appearance. An arborized or moss agate. Wright.


ARBOROUS Arbor*ous, a. Defn: Formed by trees. [Obs.] From under shady, arborous roof. Milton.


ARBUSCLE Arbus*cle, n. Etym: [L. arbuscula small tree, shrub, dim. of arbor tree.] Defn: A dwarf tree, one in size between a shrub and a tree; a treelike shrub. Bradley.


ARBUSCULAR Ar*buscu*lar, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to a dwarf tree; shrublike. Da Costa.


ARBUSTIVE Ar*bustive, a. Etym: [L. arbustivus, fr. arbustum place where trees are planted.] Defn: Containing copses of trees or shrubs; covered with shrubs. Bartram.


ARBUTUS; ARBUTE Arbu*tus, Arbute, n. Etym: [L. arbutus, akin to arbor tree.] Defn: The strawberry tree, a genus of evergreen shrubs, of the Heath family. It has a berry externally resembling the strawberry; the arbute tree. Trailing arbutus (Bot.), a creeping or trailing plant of the Heath family (Epig?a repens), having white or usually rose- colored flowers with a delicate fragrance, growing in small axillary clusters, and appearing early in the spring; in New England known as mayflower; -- called also ground laurel. Gray.


ARC Arc, n. Etym: [F. arc, L. arcus bow, arc. See Arch, n.] 1. (Geom.) Defn: A portion of a curved line; as, the arc of a circle or of an ellipse. 2. A curvature in the shape of a circular arc or an arch; as, the colored arc (the rainbow); the arc of Hadley's quadrant. 3. An arch. [Obs.] Statues and trophies, and triumphal arcs. Milton. 4. The apparent arc described, above or below the horizon, by the sun or other celestial body. The diurnal arc is described during the daytime, the nocturnal arc during the night. Electric arc, Voltaic arc. See under Voltaic.


ARC LIGHT Arc light. (Elec.) Defn: The light of an arc lamp.


ARCADE Ar*cade, n. Etym: [F. arcade, Sp. arcada, LL. arcata, fr. L. arcus bow, arch.] 1. (Arch.) (a) A series of arches with the columns or piers which support them, the spandrels above, and other necessary appurtenances; sometimes open, serving as an entrance or to give light; sometimes closed at the back (as in the cut) and forming a decorative feature. (b) A long, arched building or gallery. 2. An arched or covered passageway or avenue.


ARCADED Ar*caded, a. Defn: Furnished with an arcade.


ARCADIA Ar*cadi*a, n. Etym: [L. Arcadia, Gr. 1. A mountainous and picturesque district of Greece, in the heart of the Peloponnesus, whose people were distinguished for contentment and rural happiness. 2. Fig.: Any region or scene of simple pleasure and untroubled quiet. Where the cow is, there is Arcadia. J. Burroughs.


ARCADIAN; ARCADIC Ar*cadi*an, Ar*cadic, a. Etym: [L. Arcadius, Arcadicus, fr. Arcadia: cf. F. Arcadien, Arcadique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Arcadia; pastoral; ideally rural; as, Arcadian simplicity or scenery.


ARCANE Ar*cane, a. Etym: [L. arcanus.] Defn: Hidden; secret. [Obs.] The arcane part of divine wisdom. Berkeley.


ARCANUM Ar*canum, n.; pl. Arcana. Etym: [L., fr. arcanus closed, secret, fr. arca chest, box, fr. arcere to inclose. See Ark.] 1. A secret; a mystery; -- generally used in the plural. Inquiries into the arcana of the Godhead. Warburton. 2. (Med.) Defn: A secret remedy; an elixir. Dunglison.


ARCBOUTANT Arc`*bou`tant, n. Etym: [F.] (Arch.) Defn: A flying buttress. Gwilt.


ARCH Arch, n. Etym: [F. arche, fr. LL. arca, for arcus. See Arc.] 1. (Geom.) Defn: Any part of a curved line. 2. (Arch.) (a) Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve; used to support the wall or other weight above an opening. In this sense arches are segmental, round (i. e., semicircular), or pointed. (b) A flat arch is a member constructed of stones cut into wedges or other shapes so as to support each other without rising in a curve. Note: Scientifically considered, the arch is a means of spanning an opening by resolving vertical pressure into horizontal or diagonal thrust. 3. Any place covered by an arch; an archway; as, to pass into the arch of a bridge. 4. Any curvature in the form of an arch; as, the arch of the aorta. Colors of the showery arch. Milton. Triumphal arch, a monumental structure resembling an arched gateway, with one or more passages, erected to commemorate a triumph.


ARCH Arch, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Arched; p. pr. & vb. n. Arching.] 1. To cover with an arch or arches. 2. To form or bend into the shape of an arch. The horse arched his neck. Charlesworth.


ARCH Arch, v. i. Defn: To form into an arch; to curve.


ARCH- Arch- (?rch-, except in archangel and one or two other words). Etym: [L. arch-, Gr. Arch-.] Defn: A prefix signifying chief, as in archbuilder, archfiend.


ARCH Arch, a. Etym: [See Arch-, pref.] 1. Chief; eminent; greatest; principal. The most arch act of piteous massacre. Shak. 2. Cunning or sly; sportively mischievous; roguish; as, an arch look, word, lad. [He] spoke his request with so arch a leer. Tatler.


ARCH Arch, n. Etym: [See Arch-, pref.] Defn: A chief. [Obs.] My worthy arch and patron comes to-night. Shak.


ARCH *arch. Etym: [Gr. Arch, a.] Defn: A suffix meaning a ruler, as in monarch (a sole ruler). -ARCH -arch. [Gr. 'archo`s chief, commander, 'a`rchein to rule. See Arch, a.] Defn: A suffix meaning a ruler, as in monarch (a sole ruler).


ARCH BRICK Arch brick`. Defn: A wedge-shaped brick used in the building of an arch.

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