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APPOSED Ap*posed, a. Defn: Placed in apposition; mutually fitting, as the mandibles of a bird's beak.


APPOSER Ap*poser, n. Defn: An examiner; one whose business is to put questions. Formerly, in the English Court of Exchequer, an officer who audited the sheriffs' accounts.


APPOSITE Appo*site, a. Etym: [L. appositus, p. p. of apponere to set or put to; ad + ponere to put, place.] Defn: Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; -- followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case. -- Appo*site*ly, adv. -- Appo*site*ness, n.


APPOSITION Ap`po*sition, n. Etym: [L. appositio, fr. apponere: cf. F. apposition. See Apposite.] 1. The act of adding; application; accretion. It grows . . . by the apposition of new matter. Arbuthnot. 2. The putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side; also, the condition of being so placed. 3. (Gram.) Defn: The state of two nouns or pronouns, put in the same case, without a connecting word between them; as, I admire Cicero, the orator. Here, the second noun explains or characterizes the first. Growth by apposition (Physiol.), a mode of growth characteristic of non vascular tissues, in which nutritive matter from the blood is transformed on the surface of an organ into solid unorganized substance.


APPOSITIONAL Ap`po*sition*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to apposition; put in apposition syntactically. Ellicott.


APPOSITIVE Ap*posi*tive, a. Defn: Of or relating to apposition; in apposition. -- n. Defn: A noun in apposition. -- Ap*posi*tive*ly, adv. Appositive to the words going immediately before. Knatchbull.


APPRAISABLE Ap*praisa*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being appraised.


APPRAISAL Ap*praisal, n. Etym: [See Appraise. Cf. Apprizal.] Defn: A valuation by an authorized person; an appraisement.


APPRAISE Ap*praise, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appraised; p. pr. & vb. n. Appraising.] Etym: [Pref. ad- + praise. See Praise, Price, Apprize, Appreciate.] 1. To set a value; to estimate the worth of, particularly by persons appointed for the purpose; as, to appraise goods and chattels. 2. To estimate; to conjecture. Enoch . . . appraised his weight. Tennyson. 3. To praise; to commend. [Obs.] R. Browning. Appraised the Lycian custom. Tennyson. Note: In the United States, this word is often pronounced, and sometimes written, apprize.


APPRAISEMENT Ap*praisement, n. Etym: [See Appraise. Cf. Apprizement.] Defn: The act of setting the value; valuation by an appraiser; estimation of worth.


APPRAISER Ap*praiser, n. Etym: [See Appraise, Apprizer.] Defn: One who appraises; esp., a person appointed and sworn to estimate and fix the value of goods or estates.


APPRECATION Ap`pre*cation, n. Etym: [L. apprecari to pray to; ad + precari to pray, prex, precis, prayer.] Defn: Earnest prayer; devout wish. [Obs.] A solemn apprecation of good success. Bp. Hall.


APPRECATORY Appre*ca*to*ry, a. Defn: Praying or wishing good. [Obs.]Apprecatory benedictions. Bp. Hall.


APPRECIABLE Ap*preci*a*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. appr?ciable.] Defn: Capable of being appreciated or estimated; large enough to be estimated; perceptible; as, an appreciable quantity. -- Ap*preci*a*bly, adv.


APPRECIANT Ap*preci*ant, a. Defn: Appreciative. [R.]


APPRECIATE Ap*preci*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appreciated; p. pr. & vb. n. Appreciating.] Etym: [L. appretiatus, p. p. of appretiare to value at a price, appraise; ad + pretiare to prize, pretium price. Cf. Appraise.] 1. To set a price or value on; to estimate justly; to value. To appreciate the motives of their enemies. Gibbon. 3. To raise the value of; to increase the market price of; -- opposed to depreciate. [U.S.] Lest a sudden peace should appreciate the money. Ramsay. 4. To be sensible of; to distinguish. To test the power of bappreciate color. Lubbock. Syn. -- To Appreciate, Estimate, Esteem. Estimate is an act of judgment; esteem is an act of valuing or prizing, and when applied to individuals, denotes a sentiment of moral approbation. See Estimate. Appreciate lies between the two. As compared with estimate, it supposes a union of sensibility with judgment, producing a nice and delicate perception. As compared with esteem, it denotes a valuation of things according to their appropriate and distinctive excellence, and not simply their moral worth. Thus, with reference to the former of these (delicate perception), an able writer says. Women have a truer appreciation of character than men; and another remarks, It is difficult to appreciate the true force and distinctive sense of terms which we are every day using. So, also, we speak of the difference between two things, as sometimes hardly appreciable. With reference to the latter of these (that of valuation as the result of a nice perception), we say, It requires a peculiar cast of character to appreciate the poetry of Wordsworth; He who has no delicacy himself, can not appreciate it in others; The thought of death is salutary, because it leads us to appreciate worldly things aright. Appreciate is much used in cases where something is in danger of being overlooked or undervalued; as when we speak of appreciating the difficulties of a subject, or the risk of an undertaking. So Lord Plunket, referring to an ominous silence which prevailed among the Irish peasantry, says, If you knew now to appreciate that silence, it is more formidable than the most clamorous opposition. In like manner, a person who asks some favor of another is apt to say, I trust you will appreciate my motives in this request. Here we have the key to a very frequent use of the word. It is hardly necessary to say that appreciate looks on the favorable side of things. we never speak of appreciating a man's faults, but his merits. This idea of regarding things favorably appears more fully in the word appreciative; as when we speak of an appreciative audience, or an appreciative review, meaning one that manifests a quick perception and a ready valuation of excellence.


APPRECIATE Ap*preci*ate, v. i. Defn: To rise in value. [See note under Rise, v. i.] J. Morse.


APPRECIATINGLY Ap*preci*a`ting*ly, adv. Defn: In an appreciating manner; with appreciation.


APPRECIATION Ap*pre`ci*ation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. appr?ciation.] 1. A just valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.; recognition of excellence. 2. Accurate perception; true estimation; as, an appreciation of the difficulties before us; an appreciation of colors. His foreboding showed his appreciation of Henry's character. J. R. Green. 3. A rise in value; -- opposed to depreciation.


APPRECIATIVE Ap*preci*a*tive, a. Defn: Having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perception; as, an appreciative audience. -- Ap*preci*a*tive*ly, adv.


APPRECIATIVENESS Ap*preci*a*tive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being appreciative; quick recognition of excellence.


APPRECIATOR Ap*preci*a`tor, n. Defn: One who appreciates.


APPRECIATORY Ap*preci*a*to*ry, a. Defn: Showing appreciation; appreciative; as, appreciatory commendation. -- Ap*preci*a*to*ri*ly, adv.


APPREHEND Ap`pre*hend, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Apprehended; p. pr. & vb. n. Apprehending.] Etym: [L. apprehendere; ad + prehendere to lay hold of, seize; prae before + -hendere (used only in comp.); akin to Gr. get: cf. F. appr?hender. See Prehensile, Get.] 1. To take or seize; to take hold of. [Archaic] We have two hands to apprehended it. Jer. Taylor. 2. Hence: To take or seize (a person) by legal process; to arrest; as, to apprehend a criminal. 3. To take hold of with the understanding, that is, to conceive in the mind; to become cognizant of; to understand; to recognize; to consider. This suspicion of Earl Reimund, though at first but a buzz, soon got a sting in the king's head, and he violently apprehended it. Fuller. The eternal laws, such as the heroic age apprehended them. Gladstone. 4. To know or learn with certainty. [Obs.] G. You are too much distrustful of my truth. E. Then you must give me leave to apprehend The means and manner how. Beau. & Fl. 5. To anticipate; esp., to anticipate with anxiety, dread, or fear; to fear. The opposition had more reason than the king to apprehend violence. Macaulay. Syn. -- To catch; seize; arrest; detain; capture; conceive; understand; imagine; believe; fear; dread. -- To Apprehend, Comprehend. These words come into comparison as describing acts of the mind. Apprehend denotes the laying hold of a thing mentally, so as to understand it clearly, at least in part. Comprehend denotes the embracing or understanding it in all its compass and extent. We may apprehended many truths which we do not comprehend. The very idea of God supposes that he may be apprehended, though not comprehended, by rational beings. We may apprehended much of Shakespeare's aim and intention in the character of Hamlet or King Lear; but few will claim that they have comprehended all that is embraced in these characters. Trench.


APPREHEND Ap`pre*hend, v. i. 1. To think, believe, or be of opinion; to understand; to suppose. 2. To be apprehensive; to fear. It is worse to apprehend than to suffer. Rowe.


APPREHENDER Ap`pre*hender, n. Defn: One who apprehends.


APPREHENSIBIITY Ap`pre*hen`si*bii*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being apprehensible. [R.] De Quincey.


APPREHENSIBLE Ap`pre*hensi*ble, a. Etym: [L. apprehensibilis. See Apprehend.] Defn: Capable of being apprehended or conceived. Apprehensible by faith. Bp. Hall. -- Ap`*pre*hensi*bly, adv.


APPREHENSION Ap`pre*hension, n. Etym: [L. apprehensio: cf. F. appr?hension. See Apprehend.] 1. The act of seizing or taking hold of; seizure; as, the hand is an organ of apprehension. Sir T. Browne. 2. The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest; as, the felon, after his apprehension, escaped. 3. The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any judgment; intellection; perception. Simple apprehension denotes no more than the soul's naked intellection of an object. Glanvill. 4. Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea. Note: In this sense, the word often denotes a belief, founded on sufficient evidence to give preponderation to the mind, but insufficient to induce certainty; as, in our apprehension, the facts prove the issue. To false, and to be thought false, is all one in respect of men, who act not according to truth, but apprehension. South. 5. The faculty by which ideas are conceived; understanding; as, a man of dull apprehension. 6. Anticipation, mostly of things unfavorable; distrust or fear at the prospect of future evil. After the death of his nephew Caligula, Claudius was in no small apprehension for his own life. Addison. Syn. -- Apprehension, Alarm. Apprehension springs from a sense of danger when somewhat remote, but approaching; alarm arises from danger when announced as near at hand. Apprehension is calmer and more permanent; alarm is more agitating and transient.


APPREHENSIVE Ap`pre*hensive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. appr?hensif. See Apprehend.] 1. Capable of apprehending, or quick to do so; apt; discerning. It may be pardonable to imagine that a friend, a kind and apprehensive . . . friend, is listening to our talk. Hawthorne. 2. Knowing; conscious; cognizant. [R.] A man that has spent his younger years in vanity and folly, and is, by the grace of God, apprehensive of it. Jer. Taylor. 3. Relating to the faculty of apprehension. Judgment . . . is implied in every apprehensive act. Sir W. Hamilton. 4. Anticipative of something unfavorable' fearful of what may be coming; in dread of possible harm; in expectation of evil. Not at all apprehensive of evils as a distance. Tillotson. Reformers . . . apprehensive for their lives. Gladstone. 5. Sensible; feeling; perceptive. [R.] Thoughts, my tormentors, armed with deadly stings, Mangle my apprehensive, tenderest parts. Milton.


APPREHENSIVELY Ap`pre*hensive*ly, adv. Defn: In an apprehensive manner; with apprehension of danger.


APPREHENSIVENESS Ap`pre*hensive*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being apprehensive.


APPRENTICE Ap*prentice, n. Etym: [OE. apprentice, prentice, OF. aprentis, nom. of aprentif, fr. apprendare to learn, L. apprendere, equiv. to apprehendere, to take hold of (by the mind), to comprehend. See Apprehend, Prentice.] 1. One who is bound by indentures or by legal agreement to serve a mechanic, or other person, for a certain time, with a view to learn the art, or trade, in which his master is bound to instruct him. 2. One not well versed in a subject; a tyro. 3. (Old law) Defn: A barrister, considered a learner of law till of sixteen years' standing, when he might be called to the rank of serjeant. [Obs.] Blackstone.


APPRENTICE Ap*prentice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Apprenticed; p. pr. & vb. n. Apprenticing.] Defn: To bind to, or put under the care of, a master, for the purpose of instruction in a trade or business.


APPRENTICEAGE Ap*prentice*age, n. Etym: [F. apprentissage.] Defn: Apprenticeship. [Obs.]


APPRENTICEHOOD Ap*prentice*hood, n. Defn: Apprenticeship. [Obs.]


APPRENTICESHIP Ap*prentice*ship, n. 1. The service or condition of an apprentice; the state in which a person is gaining instruction in a trade or art, under legal agreement. 2. The time an apprentice is serving (sometimes seven years, as from the age of fourteen to twenty-one).


APPRESSED; APPREST Ap*pressed, Ap*prest, a. Etym: [p. p. appress, which is not in use. See Adpress.] (Bot.) Defn: Pressed close to, or lying against, something for its whole length, as against a stem, Gray.


APPRISE Ap*prise, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Apprised; p. pr. & vb. n. Apprising.] Etym: [F. appris, fem. apprise, p. p. apprendre to learn, to teach, to inform. Cf. Apprehend, Apprentice.] Defn: To give notice, verbal or written; to inform; -- followed by of; as, we will apprise the general of an intended attack; he apprised the commander of what he had done.


APPRISE Ap*prise, n. Defn: Notice; information. [Obs.] Gower.


APPRIZAL Ap*prizal, n. Defn: See Appraisal.


APPRIZE Ap*prize, v. t. Etym: [The same as Appraise, only more accommodated to the English form of the L. pretiare.] Defn: To appraise; to value; to appreciate.


APPRIZEMENT Ap*prizement, n. Defn: Appraisement.


APPRIZER Ap*prizer, n. 1. An appraiser. 2. (Scots Law) Defn: A creditor for whom an appraisal is made. Sir W. Scott.


APPROACH Ap*proach, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Approached; p. pr. & vb. n. Approaching.] Etym: [OE. approchen, aprochen, OF. approcher, LL. appropriare, fr. L. ad + propiare to draw near, prope near.] 1. To come or go near, in place or time; to draw nigh; to advance nearer. Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city 2 Sam. xi. 20. But exhorting one another; and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. Heb. x. 25. 2. To draw near, in a figurative sense; to make advances; to approximate; as, he approaches to the character of the ablest statesman.


APPROACH Ap*proach, v. t. 1. To bring near; to cause to draw near; to advance. [Archaic] Boyle. 2. To come near to in place, time, or character; to draw nearer to; as, to approach the city; to approach my cabin; he approached the age of manhood. He was an admirable poet, and thought even to have approached Homer. Temple. 3. (Mil.) Defn: To take approaches to.


APPROACH Ap*proach, n. Etym: [Cf. F. approche. See Approach, v. i.] 1. The act of drawing near; a coming or advancing near. The approach of summer. Horsley. A nearer approach to the human type. Owen. 2. A access, or opportunity of drawing near. The approach to kings and principal persons. Bacon. 3. pl. Defn: Movements to gain favor; advances. 4. A way, passage, or avenue by which a place or buildings can be approached; an access. Macaulay. 5. pl. (Fort.) Defn: The advanced works, trenches, or covered roads made by besiegers in their advances toward a fortress or military post. 6. (Hort.) Defn: See Approaching.


APPROACHABILITY Ap*proach`a*bili*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being approachable; approachableness.


APPROACHABLE Ap*proacha*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being approached; accessible; as, approachable virtue.


APPROACHABLENESS Ap*proacha*ble*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being approachable; accessibility.


APPROACHER Ap*proacher, n. Defn: One who approaches.


APPROACHING Ap*proaching, n. (Hort.) Defn: The act of ingrafting a sprig or shoot of one tree into another, without cutting it from the parent stock; -- called, also, inarching and grafting by approach.


APPROACHLESS Ap*proachless, a. Defn: Impossible to be approached.


APPROACHMENT Ap*proachment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. approachement.] Defn: Approach. [Archaic] Holland.


APPROBATE Appro*bate, a. Etym: [L. approbatus, p. p. of approbare to approve.] Defn: Approved. [Obs.] Elyot.


APPROBATE Appro*bate, v. t. Defn: To express approbation of; to approve; to sanction officially. I approbate the one, I reprobate the other. Sir W. Hamilton. Note: This word is obsolete in England, but is occasionally heard in the United States, chiefly in a technical sense for license; as, a person is approbated to preach; approbated to keep a public house. Pickering (1816).


APPROBATION Ap`pro*bation, n. Etym: [L. approbatio: cf. F. approbation. See Approve to prove.] 1. Proof; attestation. [Obs.] Shak. 2. The act of approving; an assenting to the propriety of a thing with some degree of pleasure or satisfaction; approval; sanction; commendation. Many . . . joined in a loud hum of approbation. Macaulay. The silent approbation of one's own breast. Melmoth. Animals . . . love approbation or praise. Darwin. 3. Probation or novitiate. [Obs.] This day my sister should the cloister enter, And there receive her approbation. Shak. Syn. -- Approval; liking; sanction; consent; concurrence. -- Approbation, Approval. Approbation and approval have the same general meaning, assenting to or declaring as good, sanction, commendation; but approbation is stronger and more positive. We may be anxious for the approbation of our friends; but we should be still more anxious for the approval of our own consciences. He who is desirous to obtain universal approbation will learn a good lesson from the fable of the old man and his ass. The work has been examined by several excellent judges, who have expressed their unqualified approval of its plan and execution.


APPROBATIVE Appro*ba*tive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. approbatif.] Defn: Approving, or implying approbation. Milner.


APPROBATIVENESS Appro*ba*tive*ness, n. 1. The quality of being approbative. 2. (Phren.) Defn: Love of approbation.


APPROBATOR Appro*ba`tor, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: One who approves. [R.]


APPROBATORY Appro*ba`to*ry, a. Defn: Containing or expressing approbation; commendatory. Sheldon.


APPROMT Ap*promt, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ad- + promt.] Defn: To quicken; to prompt. [Obs.] To appromt our invention. Bacon.


APPROOF Ap*proof, n. Etym: [See Approve, and Proof.] 1. Trial; proof. [Archaic] Shak. 2. Approval; commendation. Shak.


APPROPINQUATE Ap`pro*pinquate, v. i. Etym: [L. appropinquatus, p. p. of appropinquare; ad + prope near.] Defn: To approach. [Archaic] Ld. Lytton.


APPROPINQUATION Ap`pro*pin*quation, n. Etym: [L. appropinquatio.] Defn: A drawing nigh; approach. [R.] Bp. Hall.


APPROPINQUITY Ap`pro*pinqui*ty, n. Etym: [Pref. ad- + propinquity.] Defn: Nearness; propinquity. [R.] J. Gregory.


APPROPRE Ap*propre, v. t. Etym: [OE. appropren, apropren, OF. approprier, fr. L. appropriare. See Appropriate.] Defn: To appropriate. [Obs.] Fuller.


APPROPRIABLE Ap*propri*a*ble, a. Etym: [See Appropriate.] Defn: Capable of being appropriated, set apart, sequestered, or assigned exclusively to a particular use. Sir T. Browne.


APPROPRIAMENT Ap*propri*a*ment, n. Defn: What is peculiarly one's own; peculiar qualification.[Obs.] If you can neglect Your own appropriaments. Ford.


APPROPRIATE Ap*propri*ate, a. Etym: [L. appropriatus, p. p. of appropriare; ad + propriare to appropriate, fr. proprius one's own, proper. See Proper.] Defn: Set apart for a particular use or person. Hence: Belonging peculiarly; peculiar; suitable; fit; proper. In its strict and appropriate meaning. Porteus. Appropriate acts of divine worship. Stillingfleet. It is not at all times easy to find words appropriate to express our ideas. Locke.


APPROPRIATE Ap*propri*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appropriated; p. pr. & vb. n. Appropriating.] 1. To take to one's self in exclusion of others; to claim or use as by an exclusive right; as, let no man appropriate the use of a common benefit. 2. To set apart for, or assign to, a particular person or use, in exclusion of all others; -- with to or for; as, a spot of ground is appropriated for a garden; to appropriate money for the increase of the navy. 3. To make suitable; to suit. [Archaic] Paley. 4. (Eng. Eccl. Law) Defn: To annex, as a benefice, to a spiritual corporation, as its property. Blackstone.


APPROPRIATE Ap*propri*ate, n. Defn: A property; attribute. [Obs.]


APPROPRIATELY Ap*propri*ate*ly, adv. Defn: In an appropriate or proper manner; fitly; properly.


APPROPRIATENESS Ap*propri*ate*ness, n. Defn: The state or quality of being appropriate; peculiar fitness. Froude.


APPROPRIATION Ap*pro`pri*ation, n. Etym: [L. appropriatio: cf. F. appropriation.] 1. The act of setting apart or assigning to a particular use or person, or of taking to one's self, in exclusion of all others; application to a special use or purpose, as of a piece of ground for a park, or of money to carry out some object. 2. Anything, especially money, thus set apart. The Commons watched carefully over the appropriation. Macaulay. 3. (Law) (a) The severing or sequestering of a benefice to the perpetual use of a spiritual corporation. Blackstone. (b) The application of payment of money by a debtor to his creditor, to one of several debts which are due from the former to the latter. Chitty.


APPROPRIATIVE Ap*propri*a*tive, a. Defn: Appropriating; making, or tending to, appropriation; as, an appropriative act. -- Ap*propri*a*tive*ness, n.


APPROPRIATOR Ap*propri*a`tor, n. 1. One who appropriates. 2. (Law) Defn: A spiritual corporation possessed of an appropriated benefice; also, an impropriator.


APPROVABLE Ap*prova*ble, a. Defn: Worthy of being approved; meritorious. -- Ap*prova*ble*ness, n.


APPROVAL Ap*proval, n. Defn: Approbation; sanction. A censor . . . without whose approval nTemple. Syn. -- See Approbation.


APPROVANCE Ap*provance, n. Defn: Approval. [Archaic] Thomson.


APPROVE Ap*prove, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Approved; p. pr. & vb. n. Approving.] Etym: [OE. aproven, appreven, to prove, OF. aprover, F. approuver, to approve, fr. L. approbare; ad + probare to esteem as good, approve, prove. See Prove, and cf. Approbate.] 1. To show to be real or true; to prove. [Obs.] Wouldst thou approve thy constancy Approve First thy obedience. Milton. 2. To make proof of; to demonstrate; to prove or show practically. Opportunities to approve . . . worth. Emerson. He had approved himself a great warrior. Macaulay. 'T is an old lesson; Time approves it true. Byron. His account . . . approves him a man of thought. Parkman. 3. To sanction officially; to ratify; to confirm; as, to approve the decision of a court-martial. 4. To regard as good; to commend; to be pleased with; to think well of; as, we approve the measured of the administration. 5. To make or show to be worthy of approbation or acceptance. The first care and concern must be to approve himself to God. Rog Note: This word, when it signifies to be pleased with, to think favorably (of), is often followed by of. They had not approved of the deposition of James. Macaulay. They approved of the political institutions. W. Black.


APPROVE Ap*prove, v. t. Etym: [OF. aprouer; (L. ad) + a form apparently derived fr. the pro, prod, in L. prodest it is useful or profitable, properly the preposition pro for. Cf. Improve.] (Eng. Law) Defn: To make profit of; to convert to one's own profit; said esp. of waste or common land appropriated by the lord of the manor.


APPROVEDLY Ap*proved*ly, adv. Defn: So as to secure approbation; in an approved manner.


APPROVEMENT Ap*provement, n. [Obs.] 1. Approbation. I did nothing without your approvement. Hayward. 2. (Eng. Law) Defn: a confession of guilt by a prisoner charged with treason or felony, together with an accusation of his accomplish and a giving evidence against them in order to obtain his own pardon. The term is no longer in use; it corresponded to what is now known as turning king's (or queen's) evidence in England, and state's evidence in the United States. Burrill. Bouvier.


APPROVEMENT Ap*provement, n. (Old Eng. Law) Defn: Improvement of common lands, by inclosing and converting them to the uses of husbandry for the advantage of the lord of the manor. Blackstone.


APPROVER Ap*prover, n. 1. One who approves. Formerly, one who made proof or trial. 2. An informer; an accuser. [Obs.] Chaucer. 3. (Eng. Law) Defn: One who confesses a crime and accuses another. See 1st Approvement, 2.


APPROVER Ap*prover, n. Etym: [See 2d Approve, v. t.] (Eng. Law) Defn: A bailiff or steward; an agent. [Obs.] Jacobs.


APPROVING Ap*proving, a. Defn: Expressing approbation; commending; as, an approving smile. -- Ap*proving*ly, adv.


APPROXIMATE Ap*proxi*mate, a. Etym: [L. approximatus, p. p. of approximare to approach; ad + proximare to come near. See Proximate.] 1. Approaching; proximate; nearly resembling. 2. Near correctness; nearly exact; not perfectly accurate; as, approximate results or values. Approximate quantities (Math.), those which are nearly, but not, equal.


APPROXIMATE Ap*proxi*mate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Approximated; p. pr. & vb. n. Approximating.] 1. To carry or advance near; to cause to approach. To approximate the inequality of riches to the level of nature. Burke. 2. To come near to; to approach. The telescope approximates perfection. J. Morse.


APPROXIMATE Ap*proxi*mate, v. i. Defn: To draw; to approach.


APPROXIMATELY Ap*proxi*mate*ly, adv. Defn: With approximation; so as to approximate; nearly.


APPROXIMATION Ap*prox`i*mation. n. Etym: [Cf. F. approximation, LL. approximatio.] 1. The act of approximating; a drawing, advancing or being near; approach; also, the result of approximating. The largest capacity and the most noble dispositions are but an approximation to the proper standard and true symmetry of human nature. I. Taylor. 2. An approach to a correct estimate, calculation, or conception, or to a given quantity, quality, etc. 3. (Math.) (a) A continual approach or coming nearer to a result; as, to solve an equation by approximation. (b) A value that is nearly but not exactly correct.


APPROXIMATIVE Ap*proxi*ma*tive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. approximatif.] Defn: Approaching; approximate. -- Ap*proxi*ma*tive*ly, adv. -- Ap*proxi*ma*tive*ness, n.


APPROXIMATOR Ap*proxi*ma`tor, n. Defn: One who, or that which, approximates.


APPUI Ap`pui, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. ad + podium foothold, Gr. Defn: A support or supporter; a stay; a prop. [Obs.] If a be to climb trees that are of any great height, there would be stays and appuies set to it. Holland. Point d'appui. Etym: [F., a point of support.] (Mil.) (a) A given point or body, upon which troops are formed, or by which are marched in line or column. (b) An advantageous defensive support, as a castle, morass, wood, declivity, etc.


APPULSE Appulse, n. Etym: [L. appulsus, fr. appellere, appulsum, to drive to; ad + pellere to drive: cf. F. appulse.] 1. A driving or running towards; approach; impulse; also, the act of striking against. In all consonants there is an appulse of the organs. Holder. 2. (Astron.) Defn: The near approach of one heavenly body to another, or to the meridian; a coming into conjunction; as, the appulse of the moon to a star, or of a star to the meridian.


APPULSION Ap*pulsion, n. Defn: A driving or striking against; an appulse.


APPULSIVE Ap*pulsive, a. Defn: Striking against; impinging; as, the appulsive influence of the planets. P. Cyc.


APPULSIVELY Ap*pulsive*ly, adv. Defn: By appulsion.

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