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APOROSA Ap`o*rosa, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. Aporia.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of corals in which the coral is not porous; -- opposed to Perforata.


APOROSE Ap`o*rose, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Without pores.


APORT A*port, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + port.] (Naut.) Defn: On or towards the port or left side; -- said of the helm.


APOSEMATIC Ap`o*se*matic, a. [Pref. apo-+ sematic.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Having or designating conspicuous or warning colors or structures indicative of special means of defense against enemies, as in the skunk.


APOSIOPESIS Ap`o*si`o*pesis, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure of speech in which the speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to state what was in his mind; as, I declare to you that his conduct -- but I can not speak of that, here.


APOSITIC Ap`o*sitic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Destroying the appetite, or suspending hunger.


APOSTASY A*posta*sy, n.; pl. Apostasies. Etym: [OE. apostasie, F. apostasie, L. apostasia, fr. Gr. Off and Stand.] Defn: An abandonment of what one has voluntarily professed; a total desertion of departure from one's faith, principles, or party; esp., the renunciation of a religious faith; as, Julian's apostasy from Christianity.


APOSTATE A*postate, n. Etym: [L. apostata, Gr. Apostasy.] 1. One who has forsaken the faith, principles, or party, to which he before adhered; esp., one who has forsaken his religion for another; a pervert; a renegade. 2. (R. C. Ch.) Defn: One who, after having received sacred orders, renounces his clerical profession.


APOSTATE A*postate, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or characterized by, apostasy; faithless to moral allegiance; renegade. So spake the apostate angel. Milton. A wretched and apostate state. Steele.


APOSTATE A*postate, v. i. Etym: [L. apostatare.] Defn: To apostatize. [Obs.] We are not of them which apostate from Christ. Bp. Hall.


APOSTATIC Ap`o*static, a. Etym: [L. apostaticus, Gr. Defn: Apostatical. [R.]


APOSTATICAL Ap`o*static*al, a. Defn: Apostate. An heretical and apostatical church. Bp. Hall.


APOSTATIZE A*posta*tize, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Apostatized; p. pr. & vb. n. Apostatizing.] Etym: [LL. apostatizare.] Defn: To renounce totally a religious belief once professed; to forsake one's church, the faith or principles once held, or the party to which one has previously adhered. He apostatized from his old faith in facts, took to believing in Carlyle.


APOSTEMATE A*poste*mate, v. i. Etym: [See Aposteme.] Defn: To form an abscess; to swell and fill with pus. Wiseman.


APOSTEMATION A*pos`te*mation, n. Etym: [LL. apostematio: cf. F. apost?mation.] (Med.) Defn: The formation of an aposteme; the process of suppuration. [Written corruptly imposthumation.] Wiseman.


APOSTEMATOUS Ap`os*tema*tous, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or partaking of the nature of, an aposteme.


APOSTEME Apos*teme, n. Etym: [L. apostema, Gr. apost?me. See Apostasy.] (Med.) Defn: An abscess; a swelling filled with purulent matter. [Written corruptly imposthume.] A POSTERIORI A` pos*te`ri*ori. Etym: [L. a (ab) + posterior latter.] 1. (Logic) Defn: Characterizing that kind of reasoning which derives propositions from the observation of facts, or by generalizations from facts arrives at principles and definitions, or infers causes from effects. This is the reverse of a priori reasoning. 2. (Philos.) Defn: Applied to knowledge which is based upon or derived from facts through induction or experiment; inductive or empirical.


APOSTIL; APOSTILLE A*postil, A*postille, n. Etym: [F. apostille. See Postil.] Defn: A marginal note on a letter or other paper; an annotation. Motley.


APOSTLE A*postle, n. Etym: [OE. apostle, apostel, postle, AS. apostol, L. apostolus, fr. Gr. stellen to set, E. stall: cf. F. ap?tre, Of. apostre, apostle, apostele, apostole.] 1. Literally: One sent forth; a messenger. Specifically: One of the twelve disciples of Christ, specially chosen as his companions and witnesses, and sent forth to preach the gospel. He called unto him his disciples, and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles. Luke vi. 13. Note: The title of apostle is also applied to others, who, though not of the number of the Twelve, yet were equal with them in office and dignity; as, Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ. 1 Cor. i. 1. In Heb. iii. 1, the name is given to Christ himself, as having been sent from heaven to publish the gospel. In the primitive church, other ministers were called apostles (Rom. xvi. 7). 2. The missionary who first plants the Christian faith in any part of the world; also, one who initiates any great moral reform, or first advocates any important belief; one who has extraordinary success as a missionary or reformer; as, Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France, John Eliot the apostle to the Indians, Theobald Mathew the apostle of temperance. 3. (Civ. & Admiralty Law) Defn: A brief letter dimissory sent by a court appealed from to the superior court, stating the case, etc.; a paper sent up on appeals in the admiralty courts. Wharton. Burrill. Apostles' creed, a creed of unknown origin, which was formerly ascribed to the apostles. It certainly dates back to the beginning of the sixth century, and some assert that it can be found in the writings of Ambrose in the fourth century. -- Apostle spoon (Antiq.), a spoon of silver, with the handle terminating in the figure of an apostle. One or more were offered by sponsors at baptism as a present to the godchild. B. Jonson.


APOSTLESHIP A*postle*ship, n. Defn: The office or dignity of an apostle.


APOSTOLATE A*posto*late, n. Etym: [L. apostolatus, fr. apostolus. See Apostle.] 1. The dignity, office, or mission, of an apostle; apostleship. Judas had miscarried and lost his apostolate. Jer. Taylor. 2. The dignity or office of the pope, as the holder of the apostolic see.


APOSTOLIC Ap`os*tolic, n. Etym: [L. apostolicus.] (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: A member of one of certain ascetic sects which at various times professed to imitate the practice of the apostles.


APOSTOLIC DELEGATE Ap`os*tolic dele*gate. (R. C. Ch.) Defn: The diplomatic agent of the pope highest in grade, superior to a nuncio.


APOSTOLIC; APOSTOLICAL Ap`os*tolic, Ap`os*tolic*al, a. Etym: [L. apostolicus, Gr. apostolique.] 1. Pertaining to an apostle, or to the apostles, their times, or their peculiar spirit; as, an apostolical mission; the apostolic age. 2. According to the doctrines of the apostles; delivered or taught by the apostles; as, apostolic faith or practice. 3. Of or pertaining to the pope or the papacy; papal. Apostolical brief. See under Brief. -- Apostolic canons, a collection of rules and precepts relating to the duty of Christians, and particularly to the ceremonies and discipline of the church in the second and third centuries. -- Apostolic church, the Christian church; -- so called on account of its apostolic foundation, doctrine, and order. The churches of Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were called apostolic churches. -- Apostolic constitutions, directions of a nature similar to the apostolic canons, and perhaps compiled by the same authors or author. -- Apostolic fathers, early Christian writers, who were born in the first century, and thus touched on the age of the apostles. They were Polycarp, Clement, Ignatius, and Hermas; to these Barnabas has sometimes been added. -- Apostolic king (or majesty), a title granted by the pope to the kings of Hungary on account of the extensive propagation of Christianity by St. Stephen, the founder of the royal line. It is now a title of the emperor of Austria in right of the throne of Hungary. -- Apostolic see, a see founded and governed by an apostle; specifically, the Church of Rome; -- so called because, in the Roman Catholic belief, the pope is the successor of St. Peter, the prince of the apostles, and the only apostle who has successors in the apostolic office. -- Apostolical succession, the regular and uninterrupted transmission of ministerial authority by a succession of bishops from the apostles to any subsequent period. Hook.


APOSTOLICALLY Ap`os*tolic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an apostolic manner.


APOSTOLICALNESS Ap`os*tolic*al*ness, n. Defn: Apostolicity. Dr. H. More.


APOSTOLICISM; APOSTOLICITY Ap`os*toli*cism, A*pos`to*lici*ty, n. Defn: The state or quality of being apostolical.


APOSTROPHE A*postro*phe, n. Etym: [(1) L., fr. Gr. apostrophus apostrophe, the turning away or omitting of a letter, Gr. 1. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure of speech by which the orator or writer suddenly breaks off from the previous method of his discourse, and addresses, in the second person, some person or thing, absent or present; as, Milton's apostrophe to Light at the beginning of the third book of Paradise Lost. 2. (Gram.) Defn: The contraction of a word by the omission of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by the character ['] placed where the letter or letters would have been; as, call'd for called. 3. The mark ['] used to denote that a word is contracted (as in ne'er for never, can't for can not), and as sign of the possessive, singular and plural; as, a boy's hat, boys' hats. In the latter use it originally marked the omission of the letter e. Note: The apostrophe is used to mark the plural of figures and letters; as, two 10's and three a's. It is also employed to mark the close of a quotation.


APOSTROPHIC Ap`os*trophic, a. Defn: Pertaining to an apostrophe, grammatical or rhetorical.


APOSTROPHIZE A*postro*phize, v. t., Etym: [imp. & p. p. Apostrophized; p. pr. & vb. n. Apostrophizing.] 1. To address by apostrophe. 2. To contract by omitting a letter or letters; also, to mark with an apostrophe (') or apostrophes.


APOSTROPHIZE A*postro*phize, v. i. Defn: To use the rhetorical figure called apostrophe.


APOSTUME Apos*tume, n. Defn: See Aposteme. [Obs.]


APOTACTITE Ap`o*tactite, n. Etym: [LL. pl. apotactitae, Gr. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One of a sect of ancient Christians, who, in supposed imitation of the first believers, renounced all their possessions.


APOTELESM A*pote*lesm, n. Etym: [See Apotelesmatic.] 1. The result or issue. [Obs.] 2. (Astrol.) Defn: The calculation and explanation of a nativity. [Obs.] Bailey.


APOTELESMATIC Ap`o*tel`es*matic, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. Relating to the casting of horoscopes. [Archaic] Whewell. 2. Relating to an issue of fulfillment. In this way a passage in the Old Testament may have, or rather comprise, an apotelesmatic sense, i. e., one of after or final accomplishment. M. Stuart.


APOTHECARY A*pothe*ca*ry, n.; pl. Apothecaries. Etym: [OE. apotecarie, fr. LL. apothecarius, fr. L. apotheca storehouse, Gr. apo, fr. apothicaire,


APOTHECIUM Apo`*theci*um, n.; pl. Apothecia. Etym: [NL.] (Bot.) Defn: The ascigerous fructification of lichens, forming masses of various shapes.


APOTHEGM; APOPHTHEGM Apo*thegm, Apoph*thegm, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A short, pithy, and instructive saying; a terse remark, conveying some important truth; a sententious precept or maxim. Note: [Apothegm is now the prevalent spelling in the United States.]


APOTHEGMATIC; APOTHEGMATICAL Ap`o*theg*matic, Ap`o*theg*matic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to, or in the manner of, an apotghem; sententious; pithy.


APOTHEGMATIST Ap`o*thegma*tist, n. Defn: A collector or maker of apothegms. Pope.


APOTHEGMATIZE Ap`o*thegma*tize, v. i. Defn: To utter apothegms, or short and sententious sayings.


APOTHEM Apo*them, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Math.) Defn: The perpendicular from the center to one of the sides of a regular polygon. 2. A deposit formed in a liquid extract of a vegetable substance by exposure to the air.


APOTHEOSIS Ap`o*theo*sis, n. pl. Apotheoses. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. The act of elevating a mortal to the rank of, and placing him among, the gods; deification. 2. Glorification; exaltation. The apotheosis of chivalry. Prescott. The noisy apotheosis of liberty and machinery. F. Harrison.


APOTHEOSIZE Ap`o*theo*size, v. t. Defn: To exalt to the dignity of a deity; to declare to be a god; to deify; to glorify.


APOTHESIS A*pothe*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. Apothecary.] (Arch.) (a) A place on the south side of the chancel in the primitive churches, furnished with shelves, for books, vestments, etc. Weale. (b) A dressing room connected with a public bath.


APOTOME A*poto*me, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Math.) Defn: The difference between two quantities commensurable only in power, as between sq. root2 and 1, or between the diagonal and side of a square. 2. (Mus) Defn: The remaining part of a whole tone after a smaller semitone has been deducted from it; a major semitone. [Obs.]


APOZEM Apo*zem, n. Etym: [L. apozema, Gr. (Med.) Defn: A decoction or infusion. [Obs.] Wiseman.


APOZEMICAL Ap`o*zemic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, a decoction. [Obs.] J. Whitaker.


APPAIR Ap*pair, v. t. & i. Etym: [OF. empeirier, F. empire. See Impair.] Defn: To impair; to grow worse. [Obs.]


APPALACHIAN Ap`pa*lachi*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to a chain of mountains in the United States, commonly called the Allegheny mountains. Note: The name Appalachian was given to the mountains by the Spaniards under De Soto, who derived it from the heighboring Indians. Am. Cyc.


APPALL Ap*pall, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appalled; p. pr. & vb. n. Appalling.] Etym: [OF. appalir to grow pale, make pale; a (L. ad) + p?lir to grow pale, to make pale, p?le pale. See Pale, a., and cf. Pall.] 1. To make pale; to blanch. [Obs.] The answer that ye made to me, my dear, . . . Hath so appalled my countenance. Wyatt. 2. To weaken; to enfeeble; to reduce; as, an old appalled wight. [Obs.] Chaucer. Whine, of its own nature, will not congeal and freeze, only it will lose the strength, and become appalled in extremity of cold. Holland. 3. To depress or discourage with fear; to impress with fear in such a manner that the mind shrinks, or loses its firmness; to overcome with sudden terror or horror; to dismay; as, the sight appalled the stoutest heart. The house of peers was somewhat appalled at this alarum. Clarendon. Syn. -- To dismay; terrify; daunt; frighten; affright; scare; depress. See Dismay.


APPALL Ap*pall, v. i. 1. To grow faint; to become weak; to become dismayed or discouraged. [Obs.] Gower. 2. To lose flavor or become stale. [Obs.]


APPALL Ap*pall, n. Defn: Terror; dismay. [Poet.] Cowper.


APPALLING Ap*palling, a. Defn: Such as to appall; as, an appalling accident. -- Ap*palling*ly, adv.


APPALLMENT Ap*pallment, n. Defn: Depression occasioned by terror; dismay. [Obs.] Bacon.


APPANAGE Appa*nage, n. Etym: [F. apanage, fr. OF. apaner to nourish, support, fr. LL. apanare to furnish with bread, to provision; L. ad + pains bread.] 1. The portion of land assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his younger sons. 2. A dependency; a dependent territory. 3. That which belongs to one by custom or right; a natural adjunct or accompaniment. Wealth . . . the appanage of wit. Swift.


APPANAGIST Ap*pana*gist, n. Etym: [F. apanagiste.] Defn: A prince to whom an appanage has been granted.


APPARAILLYNG Ap*parail*lyng, n. Etym: [See Apparel, n. & v.] Defn: Preparation. [Obs.] Chaucer.


APPARATUS Appa*ratus, n.; pl. Apparatus, also rarely Apparatuses. Etym: [L., from apparare, apparatum, to prepare; ad + prepare to make ready.] 1. Things provided as means to some end. 2. Hence: A full collection or set of implements, or utensils, for a given duty, experimental or operative; any complex instrument or appliance, mechanical or chemical, for a specific action or operation; machinery; mechanism. 3. (Physiol.) Defn: A collection of organs all of which unite in a common function; as, the respiratory apparatus.


APPAREL Ap*parel, n. Etym: [OE. apparel, apareil, OF. apareil, appareil, preparation, provision, furniture, OF. apareiller to match, prepare, F. appareiller; OF. a (L. ad) + pareil like, similar, fr. LL. pariculus, dim. of L. par equal. See Pair.] 1. External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb; external habiliments or array. Fresh in his new apparel, proud and young. Denham. At public devotion his resigned carriage made religion appear in the natural apparel of simplicity. Tatler. 2. A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on albs and some other ecclesiastical vestments. 3. (Naut.) Defn: The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails, rigging, anchors, guns, etc. Syn. -- Dress; clothing; vesture; garments; raiment; garb; costume; attire; habiliments.


APPAREL Ap*parel, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appareled, or Apparelled; p. pr. & vb. n. Appareling, or Apparelling.] Etym: [OF. apareiller.] 1. To make or get (something) ready; to prepare. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. To furnish with apparatus; to equip; to fit out. Ships . . . appareled to fight. Hayward. 3. To dress or clothe; to attire. They which are gorgeously appareled, and live delicately, are in kings' courts. Luke vii. 25. 4. To dress with external ornaments; to cover with something ornamental; to deck; to embellish; as, trees appareled with flowers, or a garden with verdure. Appareled in celestial light. Wordsworth.


APPARENCE Ap*parence, n. Etym: [OF. aparence.] Defn: Appearance. [Obs.] Chaucer.


APPARENCY Ap*paren*cy, n. 1. Appearance. [Obs.] 2. Apparentness; state of being apparent. Coleridge. 3. The position of being heir apparent.


APPARENT Ap*parent, a. Etym: [F. apparent, L. apparens, -entis, p. pr. of apparere. See Appear.] 1. Capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to the eye; within sight or view. The moon . . . apparent queen. Milton. 2. Clear or manifest to the understanding; plain; evident; obvious; known; palpable; indubitable. It is apparent foul play. Shak. 3. Appearing to the eye or mind (distinguished from, but not necessarily opposed to, true or real); seeming; as the apparent motion or diameter of the sun. To live on terms of civility, and even of apparent friendship. Macaulay. What Berkeley calls visible magnitude was by astronomers called apparent magnitude. Reid. Apparent horizon, the circle which in a level plain bounds our view, and is formed by the apparent meeting of the earth and heavens, as distinguished from the rational horizon. -- Apparent time. See Time. -- Heir apparent (Law), one whose to an estate is indefeasible if he survives the ancestor; -- in distinction from presumptive heir. See Presumptive. Syn. -- Visible; distinct; plain; obvious; clear; certain; evident; manifest; indubitable; notorious.


APPARENT Ap*parent, n. Defn: An heir apparent. [Obs.] I'll draw it [the sword] as apparent to the crown. Shak.


APPARENTLY Ap*parent*ly, adv. 1. Visibly. [Obs.] Hobbes. 2. Plainly; clearly; manifestly; evidently. If he should scorn me so apparently. Shak. 3. Seemingly; in appearance; as, a man may be apparently friendly, yet malicious in heart.


APPARENTNESS Ap*parent*ness, n. Defn: Plainness to the eye or the mind; visibleness; obviousness. [R.] Sherwood.


APPARITION Ap`pa*rition, n. Etym: [F. apparition, L. apparitio, fr. apparere. See Appear.] 1. The act of becoming visible; appearance; visibility. Milton. The sudden apparition of the Spaniards. Prescott. The apparition of Lawyer Clippurse occasioned much speculation in that portion of the world. Sir W. Scott. 2. The thing appearing; a visible object; a form. Which apparition, it seems, was you. Tatler. 3. An unexpected, wonderful, or preternatural appearance; a ghost; a specter; a phantom. The heavenly bands . . . a glorious apparition. Milton. I think it is the weakness of mine eyes That shapes this monstrous apparition. Shak. 4. (Astron.) Defn: The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; -- opposed to occultation. Circle of perpetual apparition. See under Circle.


APPARITIONAL Ap`pa*rition*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to an apparition or to apparitions; spectral. An apparitional soul. Tylor.


APPARITOR Ap*pari*tor, n. Etym: [L., fr. apparere. See Appear.] 1. Formerly, an officer who attended magistrates and judges to execute their orders. Before any of his apparitors could execute the sentence, he was himself summoned away by a sterner apparitor to the other world. De Quincey. 2. (Law) Defn: A messenger or officer who serves the process of an ecclesiastical court. Bouvier.


APPAUME Ap`pau`m?, n. Etym: [F. appaum?; (l. ad) + paume the palm, fr. L. palma.] (Her.) Defn: A hand open and extended so as to show the palm.


APPAY Ap*pay, v. t. Etym: [OF. appayer, apaier, LL. appacare, appagare, fr. L. ad + pacare to pacify, pax, pacis, peace. See Pay, Appease.] Defn: To pay; to satisfy or appease. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


APPEACH Ap*peach, v. t. Etym: [OE. apechen, for empechen, OF. empeechier, F. emp?cher, to hinder. See Impeach.] Defn: To impeach; to accuse; to asperse; to inform against; to reproach. [Obs.] And oft of error did himself appeach. Spenser.


APPEACHER Ap*peacher, n. Defn: An accuser. [Obs.] Raleigh.


APPEACHMENT Ap*peachment, n. Defn: Accusation. [Obs.]


APPEAL Ap*peal, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appealed; p. pr. & vb. n. Appealing.] Etym: [OE. appelen, apelen, to appeal, accuse, OF. appeler, fr. L. appellare to approach, address, invoke, summon, call, name; akin to appellere to drive to; ad + pellere to drive. See Pulse, and cf. Peal.] 1. (Law) (a) To make application for the removal of (a cause) from an inferior to a superior judge or court for a rehearing or review on account of alleged injustice or illegality in the trial below. We say, the cause was appealed from an inferior court. (b) To charge with a crime; to accuse; to institute a private criminal prosecution against for some heinous crime; as, to appeal a person of felony. 2. To summon; to challenge. [Archaic] Man to man will I appeal the Norman to the lists. Sir W. Scott. 3. To invoke. [Obs.] Milton.


APPEAL Ap*peal, v. t. 1. (Law) Defn: To apply for the removal of a cause from an inferior to a superior judge or court for the purpose of re?xamination of for decision. Tomlins. I appeal unto C?sar. Acts xxv. 11. 2. To call upon another to decide a question controverted, to corroborate a statement, to vindicate one's rights, etc.; as, I appeal to all mankind for the truth of what is alleged. Hence: To call on one for aid; to make earnest request. I appeal to the Scriptures in the original. Horsley. They appealed to the sword. Macaulay.


APPEAL Ap*peal, n. Etym: [OE. appel, apel, OF. apel, F. appel, fr. appeler. See Appeal, v. t.] 1. (Law) (a) An application for the removal of a cause or suit from an inferior to a superior judge or court for re?xamination or review. (b) The mode of proceeding by which such removal is effected. (c) The right of appeal. (d) An accusation; a process which formerly might be instituted by one private person against another for some heinous crime demanding punishment for the particular injury suffered, rather than for the offense against the public. (e) An accusation of a felon at common law by one of his accomplices, which accomplice was then called an approver. See Approvement. Tomlins. Bouvier. 2. A summons to answer to a charge. Dryden. 3. A call upon a person or an authority for proof or decision, in one's favor; reference to another as witness; a call for help or a favor; entreaty. A kind of appeal to the Deity, the author of wonders. Bacon. 4. Resort to physical means; recourse. Every milder method is to be tried, before a nation makes an appeal to arms. Kent.


APPEALABLE Ap*peala*ble, a. 1. Capable of being appealed against; that may be removed to a higher tribunal for decision; as, the cause is appealable. 2. That may be accused or called to answer by appeal; as, a criminal is appealable for manslaughter. [Obs.]


APPEALANT Ap*pealant, n. Defn: An appellant. [Obs.] Shak.


APPEALER Ap*pealer, n. Defn: One who makes an appeal.


APPEALING Ap*pealing, a. Defn: That appeals; imploring. -- Ap*peal*ing*ly, adv. -- Ap*pealing*ness, n.


APPEAR Ap*pear, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Appeared; p. pr. & vb. n. Appearing.] Etym: [OE. apperen, aperen, OF. aparoir, F. apparoir, fr. L. appar to appear + parto come forth, to be visible; prob. from the same root as par to produce. Cf. Apparent, Parent, Peer, v. i.] 1. To come or be in sight; to be in view; to become visible. And God . . . said, Let . . . the dry land appear. Gen. i. 9. 2. To come before the public; as, a great writer appeared at that time. 3. To stand in presence of some authority, tribunal, or superior person, to answer a charge, plead a cause, or the like; to present one's self as a party or advocate before a court, or as a person to be tried. We must all appear before the judgment seat. * Cor. v. 10. One ruffian escaped because no prosecutor dared to appear. Macaulay. 4. To become visible to the apprehension of the mind; to be known as a subject of observation or comprehension, or as a thing proved; to be obvious or manifest. It doth not yet appear what we shall be. 1 John iii. 2. Of their vain contest appeared no end. Milton. 5. To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look. They disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Matt. vi. 16. Syn. -- To seem; look. See Seem.


APPEAR Ap*pear, n. Defn: Appearance. [Obs.] J. Fletcher.


APPEARANCE Ap*pearance, n. Etym: [F. apparence, L. apparentia, fr. apparere. See Appear.] 1. The act of appearing or coming into sight; the act of becoming visible to the eye; as, his sudden appearance surprised me. 2. A thing seed; a phenomenon; a phase; an apparition; as, an appearance in the sky. 3. Personal presence; exhibition of the person; look; aspect; mien. And now am come to see . . . It thy appearance answer loud report. Milton. 4. Semblance, or apparent likeness; external show. pl. Outward signs, or circumstances, fitted to make a particular impression or to determine the judgment as to the character of a person or a thing, an act or a state; as, appearances are against him. There was upon the tabernacle, as it were, the appearance of fire. Num. ix. 15. For man looketh on the outward appearance. 1 Sam. xvi. 7. Judge not according to the appearance. John. vii. 24. 5. The act of appearing in a particular place, or in society, a company, or any proceedings; a coming before the public in a particular character; as, a person makes his appearance as an historian, an artist, or an orator. Will he now retire, After appearance, and again prolong Our expectation Milton. 6. Probability; likelihood. [Obs.] There is that which hath no appearance. Bacon. 7. (Law) Defn: The coming into court of either of the parties; the being present in court; the coming into court of a party summoned in an action, either by himself or by his attorney, expressed by a formal entry by the proper officer to that effect; the act or proceeding by which a party proceeded against places himself before the court, and submits to its jurisdiction. Burrill. Bouvier. Daniell. To put in an appearance, to be present; to appear in person. -- To save appearances, to preserve a fair outward show. Syn. -- Coming; arrival; presence; semblance; pretense; air; look; manner; mien; figure; aspect.


APPEARER Ap*pearer, n. Defn: One who appears. Sir T. Browne.


APPEARINGLY Ap*pearing*ly, adv. Defn: Apparently. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


APPEASABLE Ap*peasa*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being appeased or pacified; placable. -- Ap*peasa*ble*ness, n.


APPEASE Ap*pease, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appealed; p. pr. & vb. n. Appeasing.] Etym: [OE. apesen, apaisen, OF. apaisier, apaissier, F. apaiser, fr. a (L. ad) + OF. pais peace, F. paix, fr. L. pax, pacis. See Peace.] Defn: To make quiet; to calm; to reduce to a state of peace; to still; to pacify; to dispel (anger or hatred); as, to appease the tumult of the ocean, or of the passions; to appease hunger or thirst. Syn. -- To pacify; quiet; conciliate; propitiate; assuage; compose; calm; allay; hush; soothe; tranquilize.


APPEASEMENT Ap*peasement, n. Defn: The act of appeasing, or the state of being appeased; pacification. Hayward.


APPEASER Ap*peaser, n. Defn: One who appeases; a pacifier.


APPEASIVE Ap*peasive, a. Defn: Tending to appease.


APPEL Ap`pel, n. [F., prop., a call. See Appeal, n.] (Fencing) Defn: A tap or stamp of the foot as a warning of intent to attack; -- called also attack.


APPELLABLE Ap*pella*ble, a. Defn: Appealable.


APPELLANCY Ap*pellan*cy, n. Defn: Capability of appeal.


APPELLANT Ap*pellant, a. Etym: [L. appellans, p. pr. of appellare; cf. F. appelant. See Appeal.] Defn: Relating to an appeal; appellate. An appellant jurisdiction. Hallam. Party appellant (Law), the party who appeals; appellant; -- opposed to respondent, or appellee. Tomlins.


APPELLANT Ap*pellant, n. 1. (Law) (a) One who accuses another of felony or treason. [Obs.] (b) One who appeals, or asks for a rehearing or review of a cause by a higher tribunal. 2. A challenger. [Obs.] Milton. 3. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One who appealed to a general council against the bull Unigenitus. 4. One who appeals or entreats.


APPELLATE Ap*pellate, a. Etym: [L. appelatus, p. p. of appellare.] Defn: Pertaining to, or taking cognizance of, appeals. Appellate jurisdiction. Blackstone. Appellate judges. Burke. Appelate court, a court having cognizance of appeals.


APPELLATE Ap*pellate, n. Defn: A person or prosecuted for a crime. [Obs.] See Appellee.


APPELLATION Ap`pel*lation, n. Etym: [L. appellatio, fr. appellare: cf. F. appellation. See Appeal.] 1. The act of appealing; appeal. [Obs.] Spenser. 2. The act of calling by a name. 3. The word by which a particular person or thing is called and known; name; title; designation. They must institute some persons under the appellation of magistrates. Hume. Syn. -- See Name.

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