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APLANATIC Ap`la*natic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Opt.) Defn: Having two or more parts of different curvatures, so combined as to remove spherical aberration; -- said of a lens. Aplanatic focus of a lens (Opt.), the point or focus from which rays diverging pass the lens without spherical aberration. In certain forms of lenses there are two such foci; and it is by taking advantage of this fact that the best aplanatic object glasses of microscopes are constructed.


APLANATISM A*plana*tism, n. Defn: Freedom from spherical aberration.


APLANOGAMETE A*plan`o*ga*mete, n. (Bot.) Defn: A nonmotile gamete, found in certain lower alg?.


APLASIA A*plasi*a, n. [NL.; Gr. priv. + a molding.] (Med.) Defn: Incomplete or faulty development.


APLASTIC A*plastic, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + plastic.] Defn: Not plastic or easily molded.


APLOMB A`plomb, n. Etym: [F., lit. perpendicularity; plomb lead. See Plumb.] Defn: Assurance of manner or of action; self-possession.


APLOTOMY A*ploto*my, n. Etym: [Gr. (Surg.) Defn: Simple incision. Dunglison.


APLUSTRE A*plustre, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: An ornamental appendage of wood at the ship's stern, usually spreading like a fan and curved like a bird's feather. Audsley.


APLYSIA A*plysi*a, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of marine mollusks of the order Tectibranchiata; the sea hare. Some of the species when disturbed throw out a deep purple liquor, which colors the water to some distance. See Illust. in Appendix.


APNEUMATIC Ap`neu*matic, a. [Gr. not blown through.] (Med.) Defn: Devoid of air; free from air; as, an apneumatic lung; also, effected by or with exclusion of air; as, an apneumatic operation.


APNEUMONA Ap*neumo*na, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: An order of holothurians in which the internal respiratory organs are wanting; -- called also Apoda or Apodes.


APNOEA; APNEA Ap*naea, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Partial privation or suspension of breath; suffocation.


APO Apo. Etym: [Gr. Ab-.] Defn: A prefix from a Greek preposition. It usually signifies from, away from, off, or asunder, separate; as, in apocope (a cutting off), apostate, apostle (one sent away), apocarpous.


APOCALYPSE A*poca*lypse, n. Etym: [L. apocalypsis, Gr. apocalypse.] 1. The revelation delivered to St. John, in the isle of Patmos, near the close of the first century, forming the last book of the New Testament. 2. Anything viewed as a revelation; as disclosure. The new apocalypse of Nature. Carlyle.


APOCALYPTIC; APOCALYPTICAL A*poc`a*lyptic, A*poc`a*lyptic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to a revelation, or, specifically, to the Revelation of St. John; containing, or of the nature of, a prophetic revelation. Apocolyptic number, the number 666, mentioned in Rev. xiii. 18. It has been variously interpreted.


APOCALYPTIC; APOCALYPTIST A*poc`a*lyptic, A*poc`a*lyptist, n. Defn: The writer of the Apocalypse.


APOCALYPTICALLY A*poc`a*lyptic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By revelation; in an apocalyptic manner.


APOCARPOUS Ap`o*carpous, a. Etym: [Pref. apo- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Either entirely of partially separate, as the carpels of a compound pistil; -- opposed to syncarpous. Lindley.


APOCHROMATIC Ap`o*chro*matic, a. [Pref. apo-+ chromatic.] (Optics) Defn: Free from chromatic and spherical aberration; -- said esp. of a lens in which rays of three or more colors are brought to the same focus, the degree of achromatism thus obtained being more complete than where two rays only are thus focused, as in the ordinary achromatic objective. --Ap`o*chroma*tism (#), n.


APOCODEINE Ap`o*co*deine, n. [Pref. apo-+ codeine.] (Chem.) Defn: An alkaloid, , prepared from codeine. In its effects it resembles apomorphine.


APOCOPATE A*poco*pate, v. t. Etym: [LL. apocopatus, p. p. of apocopare to cut off, fr. L. apocore. See Apocope.] (Gram.) Defn: To cut off or drop; as, to apocopate a word, or the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.


APOCOPATE; APOCOPATED A*poco*pate, A*poco*pa`ted, a. Defn: Shortened by apocope; as, an apocopate form.


APOCOPATION A*poc`o*pation, n. Defn: Shortening by apocope; the state of being apocopated.


APOCOPE A*poco*pe, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. The cutting off, or omission, of the last letter, syllable, or part of a word. 2. (Med.) Defn: A cutting off; abscission.


APOCRISIARY; APOCRISIARIUS Ap`o*crisi*a*ry, Ap`o*cris`i*ari*us, n. Etym: [L. apocrisiarius, apocrisarius, fr. Gr. (Eccl.) Defn: A delegate or deputy; especially, the pope's nuncio or legate at Constantinople.


APOCRUSTIC Ap`o*crustic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Astringent and repellent. -- n. Defn: An apocrustic medicine.


APOCRYPHA A*pocry*pha, n. pl., but often used as sing. with pl. Apocryphas. Etym: [L. apocryphus apocryphal, Gr. 1. Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; -- formerly used also adjectively. [Obs.] Locke. 2. Specif.: Certain writings which are received by some Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but are rejected by others. Note: Fourteen such writings, or books, formed part of the Septuagint, but not of the Hebrew canon recognized by the Jews of Palestine. The Council of Trent included all but three of these in the canon of inspired books having equal authority. The German and English Reformers grouped them in their Bibles under the title Apocrypha, as not having dogmatic authority, but being profitable for instruction. The Apocrypha is now commonly


APOCRYPHAL A*pocry*phal, a. 1. Pertaining to the Apocrypha. 2. Not canonical. Hence: Of doubtful authority; equivocal; mythic; fictitious; spurious; false. The passages . . . are, however, in part from apocryphal or fictitious works. Sir G. C. Lewis.


APOCRYPHALIST A*pocry*phal*ist, n. Defn: One who believes in, or defends, the Apocrypha. [R.]


APOCRYPHALLY A*pocry*phal*ly, adv. Defn: In an apocryphal manner; mythically; not indisputably.


APOCRYPHALNESS A*pocry*phal*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being apocryphal; doubtfulness of credit or genuineness.


APOCYNACEOUS; APOCYNEOUS A*poc`y*naceous, Ap`o*cyne*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Belonging to, or resembling, a family of plants, of which the dogbane (Apocynum) is the type.


APOCYNIN A*pocy*nin, n. Etym: [From Apocynum, the generic name of dogbane.] (Chem.) Defn: A bitter principle obtained from the dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum).


APOD; APODAL Apod, Apo*dal, a. Etym: [See Apod, n.] 1. Without feet; footless. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: Destitute of the ventral fin, as the eels.


APOD; APODE Apod, Apode, n.; pl. Apods or Apodes. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of certain animals that have no feet or footlike organs; esp. one of certain fabulous birds which were said to have no feet. Note: The bird of paradise formerly had the name Paradisea apoda, being supposed to have no feet, as these were wanting in the specimens first obtained from the East Indies.


APODA Apo*da, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. Apod, n.] (Zo?l.) (a) A group of cirripeds, destitute of footlike organs. (b) An order of Amphibia without feet. See Ophiomorpha. (c) A group of worms without appendages, as the leech.


APODAN Apo*dan, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Apodal.


APODEICTIC; APODICTIC; APODEICTICAL; APODICTICAL Apo*deictic, Ap`o*dictic, Ap`o*deictic*al, Ap`o*dictic*al, a. Etym: [L. apodicticus, Gr. Defn: Self-evident; intuitively true; evident beyond contradiction. Brougham. Sir Wm. Hamilton.


APODEICTICALLY; APODICTICALLY Ap`o*deictic*al*ly, Ap`o*dictic*al*ly, adv. Defn: So as to be evident beyond contradiction.


APODEME Apo*deme, n. Etym: [Pref. apo- + Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the processes of the shell which project inwards and unite with one another, in the thorax of many Crustacea.


APODES Apo*des, n. pl. Etym: [NL., masc. pl. See Apoda.] (Zo?l.) (a) An order of fishes without ventral fins, including the eels. (b) A group of holothurians destitute of suckers. See Apneumona.


APODICTIC Ap`o*dictic, a. Defn: Same as Apodeictic.


APODIXIS Ap`o*dixis, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Defn: Full demonstration.


APODOSIS A*podo*sis, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Gram.) Defn: The consequent clause or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him, the former clause is the protasis, and the latter the apodosis. Note: Some grammarians extend the terms protasis and apodosis to the introductory clause and the concluding clause, even when the sentence is not conditional.


APODOUS Apo*dous(#), a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Apodal; apod.


APODYTERIUM A*pod`y*teri*um, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Anc. Arch.) Defn: The apartment at the entrance of the baths, or in the palestra, where one stripped; a dressing room.


APOGAIC Ap`o*gaic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Apogean.


APOGAMIC Ap`o*gamic, a. Defn: Relating to apogamy.


APOGAMY A*poga*my, n. Etym: [Pref. apo- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The formation of a bud in place of a fertilized ovule or o?spore. De Bary.


APOGEAL Ap`o*geal, a. (Astron.) Defn: Apogean.


APOGEAN Ap`o*gean, a. Defn: Connected with the apogee; as, apogean (neap) tides, which occur when the moon has passed her apogee.


APOGEE Apo*gee, n. Etym: [Gr. apog?e.] 1. (Astron.) Defn: That point in the orbit of the moon which is at the greatest distance from the earth. Note: Formerly, on the hypothesis that the earth is in the center of the system, this name was given to that point in the orbit of the sun, or of a planet, which was supposed to be at the greatest distance from the earth. 2. Fig.: The farthest or highest point; culmination.


APOGEOTROPIC Ap`o*ge`o*tropic, a. Etym: [Pref. apo- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Bending away from the ground; -- said of leaves, etc. Darwin.


APOGEOTROPISM Apo*ge*otro*pism, n. Defn: The apogeotropic tendency of some leaves, and other parts.


APOGRAPH Apo*graph, n. Etym: [Gr. apographe.] Defn: A copy or transcript. Blount.


APOHYAL Ap`o*hyal, a. Etym: [Pref. apo- + the Gr. letter Y.] (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to a portion of the horn of the hyoid bone.


APOISE A*poise, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + poise.] Defn: Balanced.


APOLAR A*polar, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + polar.] (Biol.) Defn: Having no radiating processes; -- applied particularly to certain nerve cells.


APOLAUSTIC Ap`o*laustic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Devoted to enjoyment.


APOLLINARIAN A*pol`li*nari*an, a. Etym: [L. Apollinaris, fr. Apollo.] (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: In honor of Apollo; as, the Apollinarian games.


APOLLINARIAN A*pol`li*nari*an, n. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: A follower of Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea in the fourth century, who denied the proper humanity of Christ.


APOLLINARIS WATER A*pol`li*naris water. Defn: An effervescing alkaline mineral water used as a table beverage. It is obtained from a spring in Apollinarisburg, near Bonn.


APOLLO A*pollo, n. Etym: [L. Apollo, -linis, Gr. (Classic Myth.) Defn: A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light and day (the sun god), of archery, prophecy, medicine, poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of manly grace and beauty; -- called also Ph?bus. The Apollo Belvedere, a celebrated statue of Apollo in the Belvedere gallery of the Vatican palace at Rome, esteemed of the noblest representations of the human frame.


APOLLONIAN; APOLLONIC Ap`ol*loni*an, Ap`ol*lonic, a. Defn: Of, pertaining to, or resembling, Apollo.


APOLLYON A*polly*on, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The Destroyer; -- a name used (Rev. ix. 11) for the angel of the bottomless pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.


APOLOGER A*polo*ger, n. Defn: A teller of apologues. [Obs.]


APOLOGETIC; APOLOGETICAL A*pol`o*getic, A*pol`o*getic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Logic.] Defn: Defending by words or arguments; said or written in defense, or by way of apology; regretfully excusing; as, an apologetic essay. To speak in a subdued and apologetic tone. Macaulay.


APOLOGETICALLY A*pol`o*getic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By way of apology.


APOLOGETICS A*pol`o*getics, n. Defn: That branch of theology which defends the Holy Scriptures, and sets forth the evidence of their divine authority.


APOLOGIST A*polo*gist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. apologiste.] Defn: One who makes an apology; one who speaks or writes in defense of a faith, a cause, or an institution; especially, one who argues in defense of Christianity.


APOLOGIZE A*polo*gize, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Apologized; p. pr. & vb. n. Apologizing.] Etym: [Cf. F. apologiser.] 1. To make an apology or defense. Dr. H. More. 2. To make an apology or excuse; to make acknowledgment of some fault or offense, with expression of regret for it, by way of amends; -- with for; as, my correspondent apologized for not answering my letter. To apologize for his insolent language. Froude.


APOLOGIZE A*polo*gize, v. t. Defn: To defend. [Obs.] The Christians . . . were apologized by Plinie. Dr. G. Benson.


APOLOGIZER A*polo*gi`zer, n. Defn: One who makes an apology; an apologist.


APOLOGUE Apo*logue, n. Etym: [L. apologous, Gr. apologue.] Defn: A story or relation of fictitious events, intended to convey some moral truth; a moral fable. Note: An apologue differs from a parable in this;: the parable is drawn from events which take place among mankind, and therefore requires probability in the narrative; the apologue is founded on supposed actions of brutes or inanimate things, and therefore is not limited by strict rules of probability. ?sop's fables are good examples of apologues.


APOLOGY A*polo*gy, n.; pl. Apologies . Etym: [L. apologia, Gr. apologie. See Apologetic.] 1. Something said or written in defense or justification of what appears to others wrong, or of what may be liable to disapprobation; justification; as, Tertullian's Apology for Christianity. It is not my intention to make an apology for my poem; some will think it needs no excuse, and others will receive none. Dryden. 2. An acknowledgment intended as an atonement for some improper or injurious remark or act; an admission to another of a wrong or discourtesy done him, accompanied by an expression of regret. 3. Anything provided as a substitute; a makeshift. He goes to work devising apologies for window curtains. Dickens. Syn. -- Excuse. An apology, in the original sense of the word, was a pleading off from some charge or imputation, by explaining and defending one's principles or conduct. It therefore amounted to a vindication. One who offers an apology, admits himself to have been, at least apparently, in the wrong, but brings forward some palliating circumstance, or tenders a frank acknowledgment, by way of reparation. We make an apology for some breach of propriety or decorum (like rude expressions, unbecoming conduct, etc.), or some deficiency in what might be reasonably expected. We offer an excuse when we have been guilty of some breach or neglect of duty; and we do it by way of extenuating our fault, and with a view to be forgiven. When an excuse has been accepted, an apology may still, in some cases, be necessary or appropriate. An excuse is not grounded on the claim of innocence, but is rather an appeal for favor resting on some collateral circumstance. An apology mostly respects the conduct of individuals toward each other as equals; it is a voluntary act produced by feelings of decorum, or a desire for the good opinion of others. Crabb.


APOLOGY A*polo*gy, v. i. Defn: To offer an apology. [Obs.] For which he can not well apology. J. Webster.


APOMECOMETER Ap`o*me*come*ter, n. Defn: An instrument for measuring the height of objects. Knight.


APOMECOMETRY Ap`o*me*come*try, n. Etym: [Pref. apo- + Gr. -metry.] Defn: The art of measuring the distance of objects afar off. [Obs. or R.]


APOMORPHIA; APOMORPHINE Ap`o*morphi*a, Ap`o*morphine, n. Etym: [Pref. apo- + morphia, morphine.] (Chem.) Defn: A crystalline alkaloid obtained from morphia. It is a powerful emetic.


APONEUROSIS Ap`o*neu*rosis, n.; pl. Aponeuroses. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.) Defn: Any one of the thicker and denser of the deep fasci? which cover, invest, and the terminations and attachments of, many muscles. They often differ from tendons only in being flat and thin. See Fascia.


APONEUROTIC Ap`o*neu*rotic, a. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to an aponeurosis.


APONEUROTOMY Ap`o*neu*roto*my, n. Etym: [Aponeurosis + Gr. Defn: Dissection of aponeuroses.


APOPEMPTIC Ap`o*pemptic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Sung or addressed to one departing; valedictory; as, apoplectic songs or hymns.


APOPHASIS A*popha*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure by which a speaker formally declines to take notice of a favorable point, but in such a manner as to produce the effect desired. [For example, see Mark Antony's oration. Shak., Julius C?sar, iii. 2.]


APOPHLEGMATIC Ap`o*phleg*matic, a. Etym: [Gr. Phlegmatic.] (Med.) Defn: Designed to facilitate discharges of phlegm or mucus from mouth or nostrils. -- n. Defn: An apohlegmatic medicine.


APOPHLEGMATISM Ap`o*phlegma*tism, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Med.) Defn: The action of apophlegmatics. 2. An apophlegmatic. [Obs.] Bacon.


APOPHLEGMATIZANT Ap`o*phleg*mati*zant, n. (Med.) Defn: An apophlegmatic. [Obs.]


APOPHTHEGM Ap`oph*thegm, n. Defn: See Apothegm.


APOPHTHEGMATIC; APOPHTHEGMATICAL Ap`oph*theg*matic, Ap`oph*theg*matic*al, a. Defn: Same as Apothegmatic.


APOPHYGE A*pophy*ge, n. Etym: [Gr. apophyge.] (Arch.) Defn: The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; -- called also the scape. Parker.


APOPHYLLITE A*pophyl*lite, n. Etym: [Pref. apo- + Gr. (Min.) Defn: A mineral relating to the zeolites, usually occurring in square prisms or octahedrons with pearly luster on the cleavage surface. It is a hydrous silicate of calcium and potassium.


APOPHYSIS A*pophy*sis, n.; pl. -ses. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. 1. (Anat.) Defn: A marked prominence or process on any part of a bone. 2. (Bot.) Defn: An enlargement at the top of a pedicel or stem, as seen in certain mosses. Gray.


APOPLECTIC Ap`o*plectic, n. Defn: One liable to, or affected with, apoplexy.


APOPLECTIC; APOPLECTICAL Ap`o*plectic(#) Ap`o*plectic*al, a. Etym: [L. apoplecticus, Gr. apoplectique. See Apoplexy.] Defn: Relating to apoplexy; affected with, inclined to, or symptomatic of, apoplexy; as, an apoplectic person, medicine, habit or temperament, symptom, fit, or stroke.


APOPLECTIFORM; APOPLECTOID Ap`o*plecti*form, Ap`o*plectoid, a. Etym: [Apoplectic + -form, - oid.] Defn: Resembling apoplexy.


APOPLEX Apo*plex, n. Defn: Apoplexy. [Obs.] Dryden.


APOPLEXED Ap`o*plexed, a. Defn: Affected with apoplexy. [Obs.] Shak.


APOPLEXY Apo*plex`y, n. Etym: [OE. poplexye, LL. poplexia, apoplexia, fr. Gr. apoplexie. See Plague.] (Med.) Defn: Sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion, usually caused by pressure on the brain. Note: The term is now usually limited to cerebral apoplexy, or loss of consciousness due to effusion of blood or other lesion within the substance of the brain; but it is sometimes extended to denote an effusion of blood into the substance of any organ; as, apoplexy of the lung.


APORETICAL Ap`o*retic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Aporia.] Defn: Doubting; skeptical. [Obs.] Cudworth.


APORIA A*pori*a, n.; pl. Aporias. Etym: [L., doubt, Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure in which the speaker professes to be at a loss what course to pursue, where to begin to end, what to say, etc.

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