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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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APATITE

APATITE Apa*tite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Min.) Defn: Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in six-sided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent.

APAUME

APAUME A`pau`m?, n. Defn: See Appaum.

APE

APE Ape, n. Etym: [AS. apa; akin to D. aap, OHG. affo, G. affe, Icel. api, Sw. apa, Dan. abe, W. epa.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: A quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiad?, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a tail nor cheek pouches. The name is applied esp. to species of the genus Hylobates, and is sometimes used as a general term for all Quadrumana. The higher forms, the gorilla, chimpanzee, and ourang, are often called anthropoid apes or man apes. Note: The ape of the Old Testament was prqobably the rhesus monkey of India, and allied forms. 2. One who imitates servilely (in allusion to the manners of the ape); a mimic. Byron. 3. A dupe. [Obs.] Chaucer.

APE

APE Ape, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aped; p. pr. & vb. n. Aping.] Defn: To mimic, as an ape imitates human actions; to imitate or follow servilely or irrationally. How he apes his sire. Addison. The people of England will not ape the fashions they have never tried. Burke.

APEAK

APEAK A*peak, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + peak. Cf. F. ? pic vertically.] (Naut.) Defn: In a vertical line. The anchor in apeak, when the cable has been sufficiently hove in to bring the ship over it, and the ship is them said to be hove apeak. [Spelt also apeek.]

APEHOOD

APEHOOD Apehood, n. Defn: The state of being an ape.

APELLOUS

APELLOUS A*pellous, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + L. pellis skin.] Defn: Destitute of skin. Brande & C.

APENNINE

APENNINE Apen*nine, a. Etym: [L. Apenninus, fr. Celtic pen, or ben, peak, mountain.] Defn: Of, pertaining to, or designating, the Apennines, a chain of mountains extending through Italy.

APEPSY

APEPSY A*pepsy, n. Etym: [NL. apepsia, fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Defective digestion, indigestion. Coxe.

APER

APER Aper, n. Defn: One who apes.

APERCU

APERCU A`per`?u (a`p?r`sus), n.; pl. Aper?us (-sus). [F., prop. p. p. of apercevoir to perceive.] 1. Defn: A first view or glance, or the perception or estimation so obtained; an immediate apprehension or insight, appreciative rather than analytic. The main object being to develop the several aper?us or insights which furnish the method of such psychology. W. T. Harris. A series of partial and more or less disparate aper?us or outlooks; each for itself a center of experience. James Ward. 2. Hence, a brief or detached view; conspectus; sketch.

APEREA

APEREA A*pere*a, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The wild Guinea pig of Brazil (Cavia aperea).

APERIENT

APERIENT A*peri*ent, a. Etym: [L. aperiens, p. pr. of aperire to uncover, open; ab + parire, parere, to bring forth, produce. Cf. Cover, Overt.] (Med.) Defn: Gently opening the bowels; laxative. -- n. Defn: An aperient medicine or food. Arbuthnot.

APERITIVE

APERITIVE A*peri*tive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. ap?ritif, fr. L. aperire.] Defn: Serving to open; aperient. Harvey.

APERT

APERT A*pert, a. Etym: [OF. apert, L. apertus, p. p. of aperire. See Aperient, and cf. Pert, a.] Defn: Open; ev [Archaic] Fotherby.

APERT

APERT A*pert, adv. Defn: Openly. [Obs.] Chaucer.

APERTION

APERTION A*pertion, n. Etym: [L. apertio.] Defn: The act of opening; an opening; an aperture. [Archaic] Wiseman.

APERTLY

APERTLY A*pertly, adv. Defn: Openly; clearly. [Archaic]

APERTNESS

APERTNESS A*pertness, n. Defn: Openness; frankness. [Archaic]

APERTURE

APERTURE Aper*ture, n. Etym: [L. apertura, fr. aperire. See Aperient.] 1. The act of opening. [Obs.] 2. An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall. An aperture between the mountains. Gilpin. The back aperture of the nostrils. Owen. 3. (Opt.) Defn: The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of four-inch aperture. Note: The aperture of microscopes is often expressed in degrees, called also the angular aperture, which signifies the angular breadth of the pencil of light which the instrument transmits from the object or point viewed; as, a microscope of 100? aperture.

APERY

APERY Aper*y, n.; pl. Aperies. 1. A place where apes are kept. [R.] Kingsley. 2. The practice of aping; an apish action. Coleridge.

APETALOUS

APETALOUS A*petal*ous, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + petal.] (Bot.) Defn: Having no petals, or flower leaves. [See Illust. under Anther].

APETALOUSNESS

APETALOUSNESS A*petal*ous*ness, n. Defn: The state of being apetalous.

APEX

APEX Apex, n.; pl. E. Apexes; L. Apices. Etym: [L.] 1. The tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; as, the apex of a mountain, spire, or cone; the apex, or tip, of a leaf. 2. (Mining) Defn: The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface. [U.S.] Apex of the earth's motion (Astron.), that point of the heavens toward which the earth is moving in its orbit.

APHAERESIS

APHAERESIS A*ph?re*sis, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: Same as Apheresis.

APHAKIA

APHAKIA A*phaki*a, n. Etym: [NL.; Gr. (Med.) Defn: An anomalous state of refraction caused by the absence of the crystalline lens, as after operations for cataract. The remedy is the use of powerful convex lenses. Dunglison.

APHAKIAL

APHAKIAL A*phaki*al, a. (Med.) Defn: Pertaining to aphakia; as, aphakial eyes.

APHANIPTERA

APHANIPTERA Aph`a*nipte*ra, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of wingless insects, of which the flea in the type. See Flea.

APHANIPTEROUS

APHANIPTEROUS Aph`a*nipter*ous, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Aphaniptera.

APHANITE

APHANITE Apha*nite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Min.) Defn: A very compact, dark-colored

APHANITIC

APHANITIC Aph`a*nitic, a. (Min.) Defn: Resembling aphanite; having a very fine-grained structure.

APHASIA; APHASY

APHASIA; APHASY A*phasi*a, Apha*sy, n. Etym: [NL. aphasia, Gr. aphasie.] (Med.) Defn: Loss of the power of speech, or of the appropriate use of words, the vocal organs remaining intact, and the intelligence being preserved. It is dependent on injury or disease of the brain.

APHASIC

APHASIC A*phasic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or affected by, aphasia; speechless.

APHELION

APHELION A*phelion, n.; pl. Aphelia. Etym: [Gr. (Astron.) Defn: That point of a planet's or comet's orbit which is most distant from the sun, the opposite point being the perihelion.

APHELIOTROPIC

APHELIOTROPIC A*phe`li*o*tropic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Turning away from the sun; -- said of leaves, etc. Darwin.

APHELIOTROPISM

APHELIOTROPISM A*phe`li*otro*pism, n. Defn: The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.

APHEMIA

APHEMIA A*phemi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; -- a disorder of cerebral origin.

APHERESIS

APHERESIS A*phere*sis, n. Etym: [L. aphaeresis, Gr. 1. (Gram.) Defn: The dropping of a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; e. g., cute for acute. 2. (Surg.) Defn: An operation by which any part is separated from the rest. [Obs.] Dunglison.

APHESIS

APHESIS Aphe*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire. New Eng. Dict.

APHETIC

APHETIC A*phetic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Shortened by dropping a letter or a syllable from the beginning of a word; as, an aphetic word or form. -- A*phetic*al*ly, adv. New Eng. Dict.

APHETISM

APHETISM Aphe*tism, n. Defn: An aphetized form of a word. New Eng. Dict.

APHETIZE

APHETIZE Aphe*tize, v. t. Defn: To shorten by aphesis. These words . . . have been aphetized. New Eng. Dict.

APHID

APHID Aphid, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian.

APHIDES

APHIDES Aphi*des, n. pl. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Aphis.

APHIDIAN

APHIDIAN A*phidi*an, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the family Aphid?. -- n. Defn: One of the aphides; an aphid.

APHIDIVOROUS

APHIDIVOROUS Aph`i*divo*rous. Etym: [Aphis + L. vorare to devour.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Devouring aphides; aphidophagous.

APHIDOPHAGOUS

APHIDOPHAGOUS Aph`i*dopha*gous, a. Etym: [Aphis + Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Feeding upon aphides, or plant lice, as do beetles of the family Coccinellid?.

APHILANTHROPY

APHILANTHROPY Aph`i*lanthro*py, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Want of love to mankind; -- the opposite of philanthropy. Coxe.

APHIS

APHIS Aphis, n.; pl. Aphides. Etym: [NL.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphid?, including numerous species known as plant lice and green flies. Note: Besides the true males and females, there is a race of wingless asexual individuals which have the power of producing living young in rapid succession, and these in turn may produce others of the same kind for several generations, before sexual individuals appear. They suck the sap of plants by means of a tubular proboscis, and owing to the wonderful rapidity of their reproduction become very destructive to vegetation. Many of the Aphid? excrete honeydew from two tubes near the end of the body.

APHIS LION

APHIS LION Aphis lion. (Zo?l.) Defn: The larva of the lacewinged flies (Chrysopa), which feeds voraciously upon aphids. The name is also applied to the larv? of the ladybugs (Coccinella).

APHLOGISTIC

APHLOGISTIC Aph`lo*gis*tic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Flameless; as, an aphlogistic lamp, in which a coil of wire is kept in a state of continued ignition by alcohol, without flame.

APHONIA; APHONY

APHONIA; APHONY A*phoni*a, Apho*ny, n. Etym: [NL. aphonia, Gr. aphonie.] (Med.) Defn: Loss of voice or vocal utterance.

APHONIC; APHONOUS

APHONIC; APHONOUS A*phonic, Apho*nous, a. Defn: Without voice; voiceless; nonvocal.

APHORISM

APHORISM Apho*rism, n. Etym: [F. aphorisme, fr. Gr. Horizon.] Defn: A comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters. The first aphorism of Hippocrates is, Life is short, and the art is long. Fleming. Syn. -- Axiom; maxim; adage; proverb; apothegm; saying; saw; truism; dictum. See Axiom.

APHORISMATIC; APHORISMIC

APHORISMATIC; APHORISMIC Aph`o*ris*matic, Aph`o*rismic, a. Defn: Pertaining to aphorisms, or having the form of an aphorism.

APHORISMER

APHORISMER Aph`o*rismer n. Defn: A dealer in aphorisms. [Used in derogation or contempt.] Milton.

APHORIST

APHORIST Apho*rist, n. Defn: A writer or utterer of aphorisms.

APHORISTIC; APHORISTICAL

APHORISTIC; APHORISTICAL Aph`o*ristic, Aph`o*ristic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: In the form of, or of the nature of, an aphorism; in the form of short, unconnected sentences; as, an aphoristic style. The method of the book is aphoristic. De Quincey.

APHORISTICALLY

APHORISTICALLY Aph`o*ristic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In the form or manner of aphorisms; pithily.

APHORIZE

APHORIZE Apho*rize, v. i. Defn: To make aphorisms.

APHOTIC

APHOTIC A*photic (a*fotik), a. [Gr. 'a`fws, 'a`fwtos.] Defn: Without light.

APHOTIC REGION

APHOTIC REGION Aphotic region. (Phytogeog.) Defn: A depth of water so great that only those organisms can exist that do not assimilate.

APHRASIA

APHRASIA A*phrasi*a, n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'a priv. + fra`sis speech.] (Med.) (a) = Dumbness. (b) A disorder of speech in which words can be uttered but not intelligibly joined together.

APHRITE

APHRITE Aphrite, n. (Min.) Defn: See under Calcite.

APHRODISIAC

APHRODISIAC Aph`ro*disi*ac, n. Defn: That which (as a drug, or some kinds of food) excites to venery.

APHRODISIAC; APHRODISIACAL

APHRODISIAC; APHRODISIACAL Aph`ro*disi*ac, Aph`ro*di*sia*cal, a. Etym: [Gr. Aphrodite.] Defn: Exciting venereal desire; provocative to venery.

APHRODISIAN

APHRODISIAN Aph`ro*disi*an, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to Aphrodite or Venus. Aphrodisian dames [that is, courtesans]. C. Reade.

APHRODITE

APHRODITE Aph`ro*dite, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Classic Myth.) Defn: The Greek goddess of love, corresponding to the Venus of the Romans. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large marine annelid, covered with long, lustrous, golden, hairlike set?; the sea mouse. 3. (Zo?l.) Defn: A beautiful butterfly (Argunnis Aphrodite) of the United States.

APHRODITIC

APHRODITIC Aph`ro*ditic, a. Defn: Venereal. [R.] Dunglison.

APHTHA

APHTHA Aphtha, n. Etym: [Sing. of Aphth?.] (Med.) (a) One of the whitish specks called aphth?. (b) The disease, also called thrush.

APHTHAE

APHTHAE Aphth?, n. pl. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Roundish pearl-colored specks or flakes in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are commonly characteristic of thrush.

APHTHOID

APHTHOID Aphthoid, a. Etym: [Aphtha + -oid.] Defn: Of the nature of aphth?; resembling thrush.

APHTHONG

APHTHONG Aphthong, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A letter, or a combination of letters, employed in spelling a word, but in the pronunciation having no sound. -- Aph*thongal, a.

APHTHOUS

APHTHOUS Aphthous a. Etym: [Cf. F. aphtheux.] Defn: Pertaining to, or caused by, aphth?; characterized by apht?; as, aphthous ulcers; aphthous fever.

APHYLLOUS

APHYLLOUS Aphyl*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Destitute of leaves, as the broom rape, certain euphorbiaceous plants, etc.

APIACEOUS

APIACEOUS A`pi*aceous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Umbelliferous.

APIAN

APIAN Api*an, a. Defn: Belonging to bees.

APIARIAN

APIARIAN A`pi*ari*an, a. Defn: Of or relating to bees.

APIARIST

APIARIST Api*a*rist, n. Defn: One who keeps an apiary.

APIARY

APIARY Api*a*ry, n. Etym: [L. apiarium, fr. apis bee.] Defn: A place where bees are kept; a stand or shed for bees; a beehouse.

APICAL

APICAL Apic*al, a. Etym: [L. apex, apicis, tip or summit.] Defn: At or belonging to an apex, tip, or summit. Gray.

APICES

APICES Api*ces, n. pl. Defn: See Apex.

APICIAN

APICIAN A*pician, a. Etym: [L. Apicianus.] Defn: Belonging to Apicius, a notorious Roman epicure; hence applied to whatever is peculiarly refined or dainty and expensive in cookery. H. Rogers.

APICULAR

APICULAR A*picu*lar, a. Etym: [NL. apiculus, dim. of L. apex, apicis.] Defn: Situated at, or near, the apex; apical.

APICULATE; APICULATED

APICULATE; APICULATED A*picu*late, A*picu*la`ted, a. Etym: [See Apicular.] (Bot.) Defn: Terminated abruptly by a small, distinct point, as a leaf.

APICULTURE

APICULTURE Api*cul`ture, n. Etym: [L. apis bee + E. culture.] Defn: Rearing of bees for their honey and wax.

APIECE

APIECE A*piece, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + piece.] Defn: Each by itself; by the single one; to each; as the share of each; as, these melons cost a shilling apiece. Fined . . . a thousand pounds apiece. Hume.

APIECES

APIECES A*pieces, adv. Defn: In pieces or to pieces. [Obs.] Being torn apieces. Shak.

APIKED

APIKED A*piked, a. Defn: Trimmed. [Obs.] Full fresh and new here gear apiked was. Chaucer.

APIOL

APIOL Api*ol, n. Etym: [L. apium parsley + -ol.] (Med.) Defn: An oily liquid derived from parsley.

APIOLOGIST

APIOLOGIST A`pi*olo*gist, n. Etym: [L. apis bee + -logist (see -logy).] Defn: A student of bees. [R.] Emerson.

APIOLOGY

APIOLOGY A`pi*olo*gy, n. [L. apis bee + -logy.] Defn: The scientific or systematic study of honey bees.

APIS

APIS Apis, n. Etym: [L., bee.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of insects of the order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee (Apis mellifica) and other related species. See Honeybee.

APISH

APISH Apish, a. Defn: Having the qualities of an ape; prone to imitate in a servile manner. Hence: Apelike; fantastically silly; foppish; affected; trifling. The apish gallantry of a fantastic boy. Sir W. Scott.

APISHLY

APISHLY Apish*ly, adv. Defn: In an apish manner; with servile imitation; foppishly.

APISHNESS

APISHNESS Apish*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being apish; mimicry; foppery.

APITPAT

APITPAT A*pitpat, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + pitpat.] Defn: With quick beating or palpitation; pitapat. Congreve.

APLACENTAL

APLACENTAL Ap`la*cental, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + placental.] Defn: Belonging to the Aplacentata; without placenta.

APLACENTATA

APLACENTATA Ap`la*cen*tata, n. pl. Etym: [Pref. a- not + placenta.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Mammals which have no placenta.

APLACOPHORA

APLACOPHORA Ap`la*copho*ra, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of Amphineura in which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or set?, but is without shelly plates.

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