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APATITE Apa*tite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Min.) Defn: Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in six-sided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent.


APAUME A`pau`m?, n. Defn: See Appaum.


APE Ape, n. Etym: [AS. apa; akin to D. aap, OHG. affo, G. affe, Icel. api, Sw. apa, Dan. abe, W. epa.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: A quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiad?, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a tail nor cheek pouches. The name is applied esp. to species of the genus Hylobates, and is sometimes used as a general term for all Quadrumana. The higher forms, the gorilla, chimpanzee, and ourang, are often called anthropoid apes or man apes. Note: The ape of the Old Testament was prqobably the rhesus monkey of India, and allied forms. 2. One who imitates servilely (in allusion to the manners of the ape); a mimic. Byron. 3. A dupe. [Obs.] Chaucer.


APE Ape, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aped; p. pr. & vb. n. Aping.] Defn: To mimic, as an ape imitates human actions; to imitate or follow servilely or irrationally. How he apes his sire. Addison. The people of England will not ape the fashions they have never tried. Burke.


APEAK A*peak, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + peak. Cf. F. ? pic vertically.] (Naut.) Defn: In a vertical line. The anchor in apeak, when the cable has been sufficiently hove in to bring the ship over it, and the ship is them said to be hove apeak. [Spelt also apeek.]


APEHOOD Apehood, n. Defn: The state of being an ape.


APELLOUS A*pellous, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + L. pellis skin.] Defn: Destitute of skin. Brande & C.


APENNINE Apen*nine, a. Etym: [L. Apenninus, fr. Celtic pen, or ben, peak, mountain.] Defn: Of, pertaining to, or designating, the Apennines, a chain of mountains extending through Italy.


APEPSY A*pepsy, n. Etym: [NL. apepsia, fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Defective digestion, indigestion. Coxe.


APER Aper, n. Defn: One who apes.


APERCU A`per`?u (a`p?r`sus), n.; pl. Aper?us (-sus). [F., prop. p. p. of apercevoir to perceive.] 1. Defn: A first view or glance, or the perception or estimation so obtained; an immediate apprehension or insight, appreciative rather than analytic. The main object being to develop the several aper?us or insights which furnish the method of such psychology. W. T. Harris. A series of partial and more or less disparate aper?us or outlooks; each for itself a center of experience. James Ward. 2. Hence, a brief or detached view; conspectus; sketch.


APEREA A*pere*a, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The wild Guinea pig of Brazil (Cavia aperea).


APERIENT A*peri*ent, a. Etym: [L. aperiens, p. pr. of aperire to uncover, open; ab + parire, parere, to bring forth, produce. Cf. Cover, Overt.] (Med.) Defn: Gently opening the bowels; laxative. -- n. Defn: An aperient medicine or food. Arbuthnot.


APERITIVE A*peri*tive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. ap?ritif, fr. L. aperire.] Defn: Serving to open; aperient. Harvey.


APERT A*pert, a. Etym: [OF. apert, L. apertus, p. p. of aperire. See Aperient, and cf. Pert, a.] Defn: Open; ev [Archaic] Fotherby.


APERT A*pert, adv. Defn: Openly. [Obs.] Chaucer.


APERTION A*pertion, n. Etym: [L. apertio.] Defn: The act of opening; an opening; an aperture. [Archaic] Wiseman.


APERTLY A*pertly, adv. Defn: Openly; clearly. [Archaic]


APERTNESS A*pertness, n. Defn: Openness; frankness. [Archaic]


APERTURE Aper*ture, n. Etym: [L. apertura, fr. aperire. See Aperient.] 1. The act of opening. [Obs.] 2. An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall. An aperture between the mountains. Gilpin. The back aperture of the nostrils. Owen. 3. (Opt.) Defn: The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of four-inch aperture. Note: The aperture of microscopes is often expressed in degrees, called also the angular aperture, which signifies the angular breadth of the pencil of light which the instrument transmits from the object or point viewed; as, a microscope of 100? aperture.


APERY Aper*y, n.; pl. Aperies. 1. A place where apes are kept. [R.] Kingsley. 2. The practice of aping; an apish action. Coleridge.


APETALOUS A*petal*ous, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + petal.] (Bot.) Defn: Having no petals, or flower leaves. [See Illust. under Anther].


APETALOUSNESS A*petal*ous*ness, n. Defn: The state of being apetalous.


APEX Apex, n.; pl. E. Apexes; L. Apices. Etym: [L.] 1. The tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; as, the apex of a mountain, spire, or cone; the apex, or tip, of a leaf. 2. (Mining) Defn: The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface. [U.S.] Apex of the earth's motion (Astron.), that point of the heavens toward which the earth is moving in its orbit.


APHAERESIS A*ph?re*sis, n. Etym: [L.] Defn: Same as Apheresis.


APHAKIA A*phaki*a, n. Etym: [NL.; Gr. (Med.) Defn: An anomalous state of refraction caused by the absence of the crystalline lens, as after operations for cataract. The remedy is the use of powerful convex lenses. Dunglison.


APHAKIAL A*phaki*al, a. (Med.) Defn: Pertaining to aphakia; as, aphakial eyes.


APHANIPTERA Aph`a*nipte*ra, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of wingless insects, of which the flea in the type. See Flea.


APHANIPTEROUS Aph`a*nipter*ous, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Aphaniptera.


APHANITE Apha*nite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Min.) Defn: A very compact, dark-colored


APHANITIC Aph`a*nitic, a. (Min.) Defn: Resembling aphanite; having a very fine-grained structure.


APHASIA; APHASY A*phasi*a, Apha*sy, n. Etym: [NL. aphasia, Gr. aphasie.] (Med.) Defn: Loss of the power of speech, or of the appropriate use of words, the vocal organs remaining intact, and the intelligence being preserved. It is dependent on injury or disease of the brain.


APHASIC A*phasic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or affected by, aphasia; speechless.


APHELION A*phelion, n.; pl. Aphelia. Etym: [Gr. (Astron.) Defn: That point of a planet's or comet's orbit which is most distant from the sun, the opposite point being the perihelion.


APHELIOTROPIC A*phe`li*o*tropic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Turning away from the sun; -- said of leaves, etc. Darwin.


APHELIOTROPISM A*phe`li*otro*pism, n. Defn: The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.


APHEMIA A*phemi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; -- a disorder of cerebral origin.


APHERESIS A*phere*sis, n. Etym: [L. aphaeresis, Gr. 1. (Gram.) Defn: The dropping of a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; e. g., cute for acute. 2. (Surg.) Defn: An operation by which any part is separated from the rest. [Obs.] Dunglison.


APHESIS Aphe*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire. New Eng. Dict.


APHETIC A*phetic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Shortened by dropping a letter or a syllable from the beginning of a word; as, an aphetic word or form. -- A*phetic*al*ly, adv. New Eng. Dict.


APHETISM Aphe*tism, n. Defn: An aphetized form of a word. New Eng. Dict.


APHETIZE Aphe*tize, v. t. Defn: To shorten by aphesis. These words . . . have been aphetized. New Eng. Dict.


APHID Aphid, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian.


APHIDES Aphi*des, n. pl. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Aphis.


APHIDIAN A*phidi*an, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the family Aphid?. -- n. Defn: One of the aphides; an aphid.


APHIDIVOROUS Aph`i*divo*rous. Etym: [Aphis + L. vorare to devour.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Devouring aphides; aphidophagous.


APHIDOPHAGOUS Aph`i*dopha*gous, a. Etym: [Aphis + Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Feeding upon aphides, or plant lice, as do beetles of the family Coccinellid?.


APHILANTHROPY Aph`i*lanthro*py, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Want of love to mankind; -- the opposite of philanthropy. Coxe.


APHIS Aphis, n.; pl. Aphides. Etym: [NL.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphid?, including numerous species known as plant lice and green flies. Note: Besides the true males and females, there is a race of wingless asexual individuals which have the power of producing living young in rapid succession, and these in turn may produce others of the same kind for several generations, before sexual individuals appear. They suck the sap of plants by means of a tubular proboscis, and owing to the wonderful rapidity of their reproduction become very destructive to vegetation. Many of the Aphid? excrete honeydew from two tubes near the end of the body.


APHIS LION Aphis lion. (Zo?l.) Defn: The larva of the lacewinged flies (Chrysopa), which feeds voraciously upon aphids. The name is also applied to the larv? of the ladybugs (Coccinella).


APHLOGISTIC Aph`lo*gis*tic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Flameless; as, an aphlogistic lamp, in which a coil of wire is kept in a state of continued ignition by alcohol, without flame.


APHONIA; APHONY A*phoni*a, Apho*ny, n. Etym: [NL. aphonia, Gr. aphonie.] (Med.) Defn: Loss of voice or vocal utterance.


APHONIC; APHONOUS A*phonic, Apho*nous, a. Defn: Without voice; voiceless; nonvocal.


APHORISM Apho*rism, n. Etym: [F. aphorisme, fr. Gr. Horizon.] Defn: A comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters. The first aphorism of Hippocrates is, Life is short, and the art is long. Fleming. Syn. -- Axiom; maxim; adage; proverb; apothegm; saying; saw; truism; dictum. See Axiom.


APHORISMATIC; APHORISMIC Aph`o*ris*matic, Aph`o*rismic, a. Defn: Pertaining to aphorisms, or having the form of an aphorism.


APHORISMER Aph`o*rismer n. Defn: A dealer in aphorisms. [Used in derogation or contempt.] Milton.


APHORIST Apho*rist, n. Defn: A writer or utterer of aphorisms.


APHORISTIC; APHORISTICAL Aph`o*ristic, Aph`o*ristic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: In the form of, or of the nature of, an aphorism; in the form of short, unconnected sentences; as, an aphoristic style. The method of the book is aphoristic. De Quincey.


APHORISTICALLY Aph`o*ristic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In the form or manner of aphorisms; pithily.


APHORIZE Apho*rize, v. i. Defn: To make aphorisms.


APHOTIC A*photic (a*fotik), a. [Gr. 'a`fws, 'a`fwtos.] Defn: Without light.


APHOTIC REGION Aphotic region. (Phytogeog.) Defn: A depth of water so great that only those organisms can exist that do not assimilate.


APHRASIA A*phrasi*a, n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'a priv. + fra`sis speech.] (Med.) (a) = Dumbness. (b) A disorder of speech in which words can be uttered but not intelligibly joined together.


APHRITE Aphrite, n. (Min.) Defn: See under Calcite.


APHRODISIAC Aph`ro*disi*ac, n. Defn: That which (as a drug, or some kinds of food) excites to venery.


APHRODISIAC; APHRODISIACAL Aph`ro*disi*ac, Aph`ro*di*sia*cal, a. Etym: [Gr. Aphrodite.] Defn: Exciting venereal desire; provocative to venery.


APHRODISIAN Aph`ro*disi*an, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to Aphrodite or Venus. Aphrodisian dames [that is, courtesans]. C. Reade.


APHRODITE Aph`ro*dite, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Classic Myth.) Defn: The Greek goddess of love, corresponding to the Venus of the Romans. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large marine annelid, covered with long, lustrous, golden, hairlike set?; the sea mouse. 3. (Zo?l.) Defn: A beautiful butterfly (Argunnis Aphrodite) of the United States.


APHRODITIC Aph`ro*ditic, a. Defn: Venereal. [R.] Dunglison.


APHTHA Aphtha, n. Etym: [Sing. of Aphth?.] (Med.) (a) One of the whitish specks called aphth?. (b) The disease, also called thrush.


APHTHAE Aphth?, n. pl. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Roundish pearl-colored specks or flakes in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are commonly characteristic of thrush.


APHTHOID Aphthoid, a. Etym: [Aphtha + -oid.] Defn: Of the nature of aphth?; resembling thrush.


APHTHONG Aphthong, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A letter, or a combination of letters, employed in spelling a word, but in the pronunciation having no sound. -- Aph*thongal, a.


APHTHOUS Aphthous a. Etym: [Cf. F. aphtheux.] Defn: Pertaining to, or caused by, aphth?; characterized by apht?; as, aphthous ulcers; aphthous fever.


APHYLLOUS Aphyl*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Destitute of leaves, as the broom rape, certain euphorbiaceous plants, etc.


APIACEOUS A`pi*aceous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Umbelliferous.


APIAN Api*an, a. Defn: Belonging to bees.


APIARIAN A`pi*ari*an, a. Defn: Of or relating to bees.


APIARIST Api*a*rist, n. Defn: One who keeps an apiary.


APIARY Api*a*ry, n. Etym: [L. apiarium, fr. apis bee.] Defn: A place where bees are kept; a stand or shed for bees; a beehouse.


APICAL Apic*al, a. Etym: [L. apex, apicis, tip or summit.] Defn: At or belonging to an apex, tip, or summit. Gray.


APICES Api*ces, n. pl. Defn: See Apex.


APICIAN A*pician, a. Etym: [L. Apicianus.] Defn: Belonging to Apicius, a notorious Roman epicure; hence applied to whatever is peculiarly refined or dainty and expensive in cookery. H. Rogers.


APICULAR A*picu*lar, a. Etym: [NL. apiculus, dim. of L. apex, apicis.] Defn: Situated at, or near, the apex; apical.


APICULATE; APICULATED A*picu*late, A*picu*la`ted, a. Etym: [See Apicular.] (Bot.) Defn: Terminated abruptly by a small, distinct point, as a leaf.


APICULTURE Api*cul`ture, n. Etym: [L. apis bee + E. culture.] Defn: Rearing of bees for their honey and wax.


APIECE A*piece, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + piece.] Defn: Each by itself; by the single one; to each; as the share of each; as, these melons cost a shilling apiece. Fined . . . a thousand pounds apiece. Hume.


APIECES A*pieces, adv. Defn: In pieces or to pieces. [Obs.] Being torn apieces. Shak.


APIKED A*piked, a. Defn: Trimmed. [Obs.] Full fresh and new here gear apiked was. Chaucer.


APIOL Api*ol, n. Etym: [L. apium parsley + -ol.] (Med.) Defn: An oily liquid derived from parsley.


APIOLOGIST A`pi*olo*gist, n. Etym: [L. apis bee + -logist (see -logy).] Defn: A student of bees. [R.] Emerson.


APIOLOGY A`pi*olo*gy, n. [L. apis bee + -logy.] Defn: The scientific or systematic study of honey bees.


APIS Apis, n. Etym: [L., bee.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of insects of the order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee (Apis mellifica) and other related species. See Honeybee.


APISH Apish, a. Defn: Having the qualities of an ape; prone to imitate in a servile manner. Hence: Apelike; fantastically silly; foppish; affected; trifling. The apish gallantry of a fantastic boy. Sir W. Scott.


APISHLY Apish*ly, adv. Defn: In an apish manner; with servile imitation; foppishly.


APISHNESS Apish*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being apish; mimicry; foppery.


APITPAT A*pitpat, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + pitpat.] Defn: With quick beating or palpitation; pitapat. Congreve.


APLACENTAL Ap`la*cental, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + placental.] Defn: Belonging to the Aplacentata; without placenta.


APLACENTATA Ap`la*cen*tata, n. pl. Etym: [Pref. a- not + placenta.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Mammals which have no placenta.


APLACOPHORA Ap`la*copho*ra, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of Amphineura in which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or set?, but is without shelly plates.

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