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ANTISTROPHIC An`ti*strophic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to an antistrophe.


ANTISTROPHON An*tistro*phon, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: An argument retorted on an opponent. Milton.


ANTISTRUMATIC An`ti*strumatic, a. (Med.) Defn: Antistrumous. -- n. Defn: A medicine for scrofula.


ANTISTRUMOUS An`ti*strumous, a. (Med.) Defn: Good against scrofulous disorders. Johnson. Wiseman.


ANTISYPHILITIC An`ti*syph`i*litic, a. (Med.) Defn: Efficacious against syphilis. -- n. Defn: A medicine for syphilis.


ANTITHEISM An`ti*theism, n. Defn: The doctrine of antitheists. -- An`ti*the*istic, a.


ANTITHEIST An`ti*theist, n. Defn: A disbeliever in the existence of God.


ANTITHESIS An*tithe*sis, n.; pl. Antitheses. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Thesis.] 1. (Rhet.) Defn: An opposition or contrast of words or sentiments occurring in the same sentence; as, The prodigal robs his heir; the miser robs himself. He had covertly shot at Cromwell; he how openly aimed at the Queen. 2. The second of two clauses forming an antithesis. 3. Opposition; contrast.


ANTITHET Anti*thet, n. Etym: [L. antitheton, fr. Gr. Defn: An antithetic or contrasted statement. Bacon.


ANTITHETIC; ANTITHETICAL An`ti*thetic, An`ti*thetic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to antithesis, or opposition of words and sentiments; containing, or of the nature of, antithesis; contrasted.


ANTITHETICALLY An`ti*thetic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By way antithesis.


ANTITOXIN; ANTITOXINE An`ti*toxin, An`ti*toxine, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + toxin.] Defn: A substance (sometimes the product of a specific micro-organism and sometimes naturally present in the blood or tissues of an animal), capable of producing immunity from certain diseases, or of counteracting the poisonous effects of pathogenic bacteria.


ANTITRAGUS An*titra*gus, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) Defn: A prominence on the lower posterior portion of the concha of the external ear, opposite the tragus. See Ear.


ANTITROCHANTER An`ti*tro*chanter, n. (Anat.) Defn: An articular surface on the ilium of birds against which the great trochanter of the femur plays.


ANTITROPAL; ANTITROPOUS An*titro*pal, An*titro*pous, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: At the extremity most remote from the hilum, as the embryo, or inverted with respect to the seed, as the radicle. Lindley.


ANTITYPAL Anti*ty`pal, a. Defn: Antitypical. [R.]


ANTITYPE Anti*type, n. Etym: [Gr. Type.] Defn: That of which the type pattern or representation; that which is represented by the type or symbol.


ANTITYPICAL An`ti*typic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an antitype; explaining the type. -- An`ti*typic*al*ly, adv.


ANTITYPOUS An*tity*pous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Resisting blows; hard. [Obs.] Cudworth.


ANTITYPY An*tity*py, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Opposition or resistance of matter to force. [R.] Sir W. Hamilton.


ANTIVACCINATION An`ti*vac`ci*nation, n. Defn: Opposition to vaccination. London Times.


ANTIVACCINATIONIST An`ti*vac`ci*nation*ist, n. Defn: An antivaccinist.


ANTIVACCINIST An`ti*vacci*nist, n. Defn: One opposed to vaccination.


ANTIVARIOLOUS An`ti*va*rio*lous, a. Defn: Preventing the contagion of smallpox.


ANTIVENEREAL An`ti*ve*nere*al, a. Defn: Good against venereal poison; antisyphilitic.


ANTIVENIN An`ti*venin, n. [Written also antivenen, antivenine.] [Pref. anti- + L. venenum poison.] (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: The serum of blood rendered antitoxic to a venom by repeated injections of small doses of the venom.


ANTIVIVISECTION An`ti*viv`i*section, n. Defn: Opposition to vivisection.


ANTIVIVISECTIONIST An`ti*viv`i*section*ist, n. Defn: One opposed to vivisection


ANTIZYMIC An`ti*zymic, a. Defn: Preventing fermentation.


ANTIZYMOTIC An`ti*zy*motic, a. (Med.) Defn: Preventing fermentation or decomposition. -- n. Defn: An agent so used.


ANTLER Antler, n. Etym: [OE. auntelere, OF. antoillier, andoiller, endouiller, fr. F. andouiller, fr. an assumed LL. antocularis, fr. L. ante before + oculus eye. See Ocular.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The entire horn, or any branch of the horn, of a cervine animal, as of a stag. Huge stags with sixteen antlers. Macaulay. Note: The branch next to the head is called the brow antler, and the branch next above, the bez antler, or bay antler. The main stem is the beam, and the branches are often called tynes. Antlers are deciduous bony (not horny) growths, and are covered with a periosteum while growing. See Velvet. Antler moth (Zo?l.), a destructive European moth (Cerapteryx graminis), which devastates grass lands.


ANTLERED Antlered, a. Defn: Furnished with antlers. The antlered stag. Cowper.


ANTLIA Antli*a, n.; pl. Antil?. Etym: [L., a pump, Gr, (Zo?l.) Defn: The spiral tubular proboscis of lepidopterous insects. See Lepidoptera.


ANTOECI; ANTOECIANS An*toeci, An*toe*cians, n. pl. Etym: [NL. antoeci, fr. Gr. pl. Defn: Those who live under the same meridian, but on opposite parallels of latitude, north and south of the equator.


ANTONOMASIA An`to*no*masi*a, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: The use of some epithet or the name of some office, dignity, or the like, instead of the proper name of the person; as when his majesty is used for a king, or when, instead of Aristotle, we say, the philosopher; or, conversely, the use of a proper name instead of an appellative, as when a wise man is called a Solomon, or an eminent orator a Cicero.


ANTONOMASTIC An`to*no*mastic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or characterized by, antonomasia. -- An`to*no*mastic*al*ly, adv.


ANTONOMASY An*tono*ma*sy, n. Defn: Antonomasia.


ANTONYM Anto*nym, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A word of opposite meaning; a counterterm; -- used as a correlative of synonym. [R.] C. J. Smith.


ANTORBITAL Ant*orbit*al, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + orbital.] (Anat.) Defn: Pertaining to, or situated in, the region of the front of the orbit. -- n. Defn: The antorbital bone.


ANTORGASTIC Ant`or*gastic, a. Defn: See Antiorgastic.


ANTOZONE Ant*ozone, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + ozone.] (Chem.) Defn: A compound formerly supposed to be modification of oxygen, but now known to be hydrogen dioxide; -- so called because apparently antagonistic to ozone, converting it into ordinary oxygen.


ANTRAL Antral, a. (Anat.) Defn: Relating to an antrum.


ANTRE Antre, n. Etym: [F. antre, L. antrum, fr. Gr. Defn: A cavern. [Obs.] Shak.


ANTRORSE An*trorse, a. Etym: [From L. ante + versun turned; apparently formed in imitation of re.] (Bot.) Defn: Forward or upward in direction. Gray.


ANTROVERT An`tro*vert, v. t. Defn: To bend forward. [R.] Owen.


ANTRUM Antrum, n.; pl. Antra. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Defn: A cavern or cavity, esp. an anatomical cavity or sinus. Huxley.


ANTRUSTION An*trustion, n. Etym: [F., fr. LL. antrustio.] Defn: A vassal or voluntary follower of Frankish princes in their enterprises.


ANUBIS 'd8A*nubis, n. Etym: [L.] (Myth.) Defn: An Egyptian deity, the conductor of departed spirits, represented by a human figure with the head of a dog or fox.


ANURA A*nura, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the orders of amphibians characterized by the absence of a tail, as the frogs and toads. [Written also anoura.]


ANUROUS A*nurous, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Destitute of a tail, as the frogs and toads. [Also written anourous.]


ANURY Anu*ry, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Nonsecretion or defective secretion of urine; ischury.


ANUS Anus, n. Etym: [L., prob. for asnus: cf. Gr. as.] (Anat.) Defn: The posterior opening of the alimentary canal, through which the excrements are expelled.


ANVIL Anvil, n. Etym: [OE. anvelt, anfelt, anefelt, AS. anfilt, onfilt; of uncertain origin; cf. OHG. anafalz, D. aanbeld.] 1. An iron block, usually with a steel face, upon which metals are hammered and shaped. 2. Anything resembling an anvil in shape or use. Specifically (Anat.), Defn: the incus. See Incus. To be on the anvil, to be in a state of discussion, formation, or preparation, as when a scheme or measure is forming, but not matured. Swift.


ANVIL Anvil, v. t. Defn: To form or shape on an anvil; to hammer out; as, anviled armor. Beau. & Fl.


ANXIETUDE Anx*ie*tude, n. Etym: [L. anxietudo.] Defn: The state of being anxious; anxiety. [R.]


ANXIETY Anx*ie*ty, n.; pl. Anxieties. Etym: [L. anxietas, fr. anxius: cf. F. anxi?t?. See Anxious.] 1. Concern or solicitude respecting some thing o 2. Eager desire. J. D. Forbes 3. (Med.) Defn: A state of restlessness and agitation, often with general indisposition and a distressing sense of oppression at the epigastrium. Dunglison. Syn. -- Care; solicitude; foreboding; uneasiness; perplexity; disquietude; disquiet; trouble; apprehension; restlessness. See Care.


ANXIOUS Anxious, a. Etym: [L. anxius, fr. angere to cause pain, choke; akin to Gr. Anger.] 1. Full of anxiety or disquietude; greatly concerned or solicitous, esp. respecting future or unknown; being in painful suspense; -- applied to persons; as, anxious for the issue of a battle. 2. Accompanied with, or causing, anxiety; worrying; -- applied to things; as, anxious labor. The sweet of life, from which God hath bid dwell far off all anxious cares. Milton. 3. Earnestly desirous; as, anxious to please. He sneers alike at those who are anxious to preserve and at those who are eager for reform. Macaulay. Note: Anxious is followed by for, about, concerning, etc., before the object of solicitude. Syn. -- Solicitous; careful; uneasy; unquiet; restless; concerned; disturbed; watchful.


ANXIOUSLY Anxious*ly, adv. Defn: In an anxious manner; with painful uncertainty; solicitously.


ANXIOUSNESS Anxious*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being anxious; great solicitude; anxiety.


ANY Any, a. & pron. Etym: [OE. ?ni, ?ni, eni, ani, oni, AS. ?nig, fr. an one. It is akin to OS. enig, OHG. einic, G. einig, D. eenig. See One.] 1. One indifferently, out of an indefinite number; one indefinitely, whosoever or whatsoever it may be. Note: Any is often used in denying or asserting without limitation; as, this thing ought not be done at any time; I ask any one to answer my question. No man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son. Matt. xi. 27. 2. Some, of whatever kind, quantity, or number; as, are there any witnesses present are there any other houses like it Who will show us any good Ps. iv. 6. Note: It is often used, either in the singular or the plural, as a pronoun, the person or thing being understood; anybody; anyone; (pl.) any persons. If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, . . . and it shall be given him. Jas. i. 5. That if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem. Acts ix. 2. At any rate, In any case, whatever may be the state of affairs; anyhow.


ANY Any, adv. Defn: To any extent; in any degree; at all. You are not to go loose any longer. Shak. Before you go any farther. Steele.


ANYBODY Any*bod*y, n. 1. Any one out of an indefinite number of persons; anyone; any person. His Majesty could not keep any secret from anybody. Macaulay. 2. A person of consideration or standing. [Colloq.] All the men belonged exclusively to the mechanical and shopkeeping classes, and there was not a single banker or anybody in the list. Lond. Sat. Rev.


ANYHOW Any*how`, adv. Defn: In any way or manner whatever; at any rate; in any event. Anyhow, it must be acknowledged to be not a simple selforiginated error. J. H. Newman. Anyhow, the languages of the two nations were closely allied. E. A. Freeman.


ANYONE Any*one, n. Defn: One taken at random rather than by selection; anybody. Note: [Commonly written as two words.]


ANYTHING Any*thing, n. 1. Any object, act, state, event, or fact whatever; thing of any kind; something or other; aught; as, I would not do it for anything. Did you ever know of anything so unlucky A. Trollope. They do not know that anything is amiss with them. W. G. Sumner. 2. Expressing an indefinite comparison; -- with as or like. [Colloq. or Lowx] I fear your girl will grow as proud as anything. Richardson. Note: Any thing, written as two words, is now commonly used in contradistinction to any person or anybody. Formerly it was also separated when used in the wider sense. Necessity drove them to undertake any thing and venture any thing. De Foe. Anything but, not at all or in any respect. The battle was a rare one, and the victory anything but secure. Hawthorne. -- Anything like, in any respect; at all; as, I can not give anything like a fair sketch of his trials.


ANYTHING Any*thing, adv. Defn: In any measure; anywise; at all. Mine old good will and hearty affection towards you is not . . . anything at all quailed. Robynson (More's Utopia).


ANYTHINGARIAN A`ny*thing*ari*an, n. Defn: One who holds to no particular creed or dogma.


ANYWAY; ANYWAYS Any*way, Any*ways, adv. Defn: Anywise; at all. Tennyson. Southey.


ANYWHERE Any*where, adv. Defn: In any place. Udall.


ANYWHITHER Any*whith`er, adv. Defn: To or towards any place. [Archaic] De Foe.


ANYWISE Any*wise, adv. Defn: In any wise or way; at all. Anywise essential. Burke.


AONIAN A*oni*an, a. Etym: [From Aonia, a part of Boeotia, in Greece.] Defn: Pertaining to Aonia, Boeotia, or to the Muses, who were supposed to dwell there. Aonian fount, the fountain of Aganippe, at the foot of Mount Helicon, not far from Thebes, and sacred to the Muses.


AORIST Ao*rist, n. Etym: [Gr. (Gram.) Defn: A tense in the Greek language, which expresses an action as completed in past time, but leaves it, in other respects, wholly indeterminate.


AORISTIC A`o*ristic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Indefinite; pertaining to the aorist tense.


AORTA A*orta, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) Defn: The great artery which carries the blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs; the main trunk of the arterial system. Note: In fishes and the early stages of all higher vertebrates the aorta divides near its origin into several branches (the aortic arches) which pass in pairs round the oesophagus and unite to form the systemic aorta. One or more pairs of these arches persist in amphibia and reptiles, but only one arch in birds and mammals, this being on the right side in the former, and on the left in the latter.


AORTIC A*ortic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the aorta.


AORTITIS A`or*titis, n. Etym: [Aorta + -itis.] (Med.) Defn: Inflammation of the aorta.


AOUDAD Aou*dad, n. Etym: [The Moorish name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: An African sheeplike quadruped (the Ammotragus tragelaphus) having a long mane on the breast and fore legs. It is, perhaps, the chamois of the Old Testament.


APACE A*pace, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + pace. OE. a pas at a walk, in which a is the article. See Pace.] Defn: With a quick pace; quick; fast; speedily. His dewy locks did drop with brine apace. Spenser. A visible triumph of the gospel drawapace. I. Taylor.


APACHES A*paches, n. pl.; sing. Apache. (Ethnol.) Defn: A group of nomadic North American Indians including several tribes native of Arizona, New Mexico, etc.


APAGOGE Ap`a*goge, n. Etym: [Gr. (Logic) Defn: An indirect argument which proves a thing by showing the impossibility or absurdity of the contrary.


APAGOGIC; APAGOGICAL Ap`a*gogic, Ap`a*gogic*al, a. Defn: Proving indirectly, by showing the absurdity, or impossibility of the contrary. Bp. Berkeley.


APAID A*paid, a. Defn: Paid; pleased. [Obs.] Chaucer.


APAIR A*pair, v. t. & i. Defn: To impair or become impaired; to injure. [Obs.] Chaucer.


APALACHIAN Ap`a*lachi*an, a. Defn: See Appalachian.


APANAGE Apan*age, n. Defn: Same as Appanage.


APANTHROPY A*panthro*py, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An aversion to the company of men; a love of solitude.


APAR; APARA Apar, Apa*ra, n. Etym: [Native name apara.] (Zo?l.) Defn: See Mataco.


APAREJO A`pa*rejo, n. Etym: [Sp.] Defn: A kind of pack saddle used in the American military service and among the Spanish Americans. It is made of leather stuffed with hay, moss, or the like.


APARITHMESIS Ap`a*rithme*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: Enumeration of parts or particulars.


APART A*part, adv. Etym: [F. ? part; (L. ad) + part part. See Part.] 1. Separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside. Others apart sat on a hill retired. Milton. The Lord hath set apart him that is godly for himself. Ps. iv. 3. 2. In a state of separation, of exclusion, or of distinction, as to purpose, use, or character, or as a matter of thought; separately; independently; as, consider the two propositions apart. 3. Aside; away. Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness. Jas. i. 21. Let Pleasure go, put Care apart. Keble. 4. In two or more parts; asunder; to piece; as, to take a piece of machinery apart.


APARTMENT A*partment, n. Etym: [F. appartement; cf. It. appartamento, fr. appartare to separate, set apart; all fr. L. ad + pars, partis, part. See Apart.] 1. A room in a building; a division in a house, separated from others by partitions. Fielding. 2. A set or suite of rooms. De Quincey. 3. A compartment. [Obs.] Pope.


APARTMENT HOUSE A*partment house. Defn: A building comprising a number of suites designed for separate housekeeping tenements, but having conveniences, such as heat, light, elevator service, etc., furnished in common; -- often distinguished in the United States from a flat house.


APARTNESS A*partness, n. Defn: The quality of standing apart.


APASTRON Ap*astron, n. Etym: [Gr. (Astron.) Defn: That point in the orbit of a double star where the smaller star is farthest from its primary.


APATHETIC; APATHETICAL Ap`a*thetic, Ap`a*thetic*al a. Etym: [See Apathy.] Defn: Void of feeling; not susceptible of deep emotion; passionless; indifferent.


APATHETICALLY Ap`a*thetic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an apathetic manner.


APATHIST Apa*thist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. apathiste.] Defn: One who is destitute of feeling.


APATHISTICAL Ap`a*thistic*al, a. Defn: Apathetic; une motional. [R.]


APATHY Apa*thy, n.; pl. Apathies. Etym: [L. apathia, Gr. apathie. See Pathos.] Defn: Want of feeling; privation of passion, emotion, or excitement; dispassion; -- applied either to the body or the mind. As applied to the mind, it is a calmness, indolence, or state of indifference, incapable of being ruffled or roused to active interest or exertion by pleasure, pain, or passion. The apathy of despair. Macaulay. A certain apathy or sluggishness in his nature which led him . . . to leave events to take their own course. Prescott. According to the Stoics, apathy meant the extinction of the passions by the ascendency of reason. Fleming. Note: In the first ages of the church, the Christians adopted the term to express a contempt of earthly concerns. Syn. -- Insensibility; unfeelingness; indifference; unconcern; stoicism; supineness; sluggishness.

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