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ANTINOMIANISM An`ti*nomi*an*ism, n. Defn: The tenets or practice of Antinomians. South.


ANTINOMIST An*tino*mist, n. Defn: An Antinomian. [R.] Bp. Sanderson.


ANTINOMY An*tino*my, n.; pl. Antinomies. Etym: [L. antinomia, Gr. 1. Opposition of one law or rule to another law or rule. Different commentators have deduced from it the very opposite doctrines. In some instances this apparent antinomy is doubtful. De Quincey. 2. An opposing law or rule of any kind. As it were by his own antinomy, or counterstatute. Milton. 3. (Metaph.) Defn: A contradiction or incompatibility of thought or language; -- in the Kantian philosophy, such a contradiction as arises from the attempt to apply to the ideas of the reason, relations or attributes which are appropriate only to the facts or the concepts of experience.


ANTIOCHIAN An`ti*ochi*an, a. 1. Pertaining to Antiochus, a contemporary with Cicero, and the founder of a sect of philosophers. 2. Of or pertaining to the city of Antioch, in Syria. Antiochian epoch (Chron.), a method of computing time, from the proclamation of liberty granted to the city of Antioch, about the time of the battle of Pharsalia, B.C. 48.


ANTIODONTALGIC An`ti*o`don*talgic, a. (Med.) Defn: Efficacious in curing toothache. -- n. Defn: A remedy for toothache.


ANTIORGASTIC An`ti*or*gastic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Tending to allay venereal excitement or desire; sedative.


ANTIPAPAL An`ti*papal, a. Defn: Opposed to the pope or to popery. Milton.


ANTIPARALLEL An`ti*paral*lel, a. Defn: Running in a contrary direction. Hammond.


ANTIPARALLELS An`ti*paral*lels, n. pl. (Geom.) Defn: Straight lines or planes which make angles in some respect opposite in character to those made by parallel lines or planes.


ANTIPARALYTIC An`ti*par`a*lytic, a. (Med.) Defn: Good against paralysis. -- n. Defn: A medicine for paralysis.


ANTIPARALYTICAL An`ti*par`a*lytic*al, a. Defn: Antiparalytic.


ANTIPASCH Anti*pasch, n. [Pref. anti-+ pasch.] (Eccl.) Defn: The Sunday after Easter; Low Sunday.


ANTIPATHETIC; ANTIPATHETICAL An`ti*pa*thetic, An`ti*pa*thetic*al, a. Defn: Having a natural contrariety, or constitutional aversion, to a thing; characterized by antipathy; -- often followed by to. Fuller.


ANTIPATHIC An`ti*pathic, a. Etym: [NL. antipathicus, Gr. (Med.) Defn: Belonging to antipathy; opposite; contrary; allopathic.


ANTIPATHIST An*tipa*thist, n. Defn: One who has an antipathy. [R.] Antipathist of light. Coleridge.


ANTIPATHIZE An*tipa*thize, v. i. Defn: To feel or show antipathy. [R.]


ANTIPATHOUS An*tipa*thous, a. Defn: Having a natural contrariety; adverse; antipathetic. [Obs.] Beau. & Fl.


ANTIPATHY An*tipa*thy, n.; pl. Antipathies. Etym: [L. antipathia, Gr. antipathie. See Pathos.] 1. Contrariety or opposition in feeling; settled aversion or dislike; repugnance; distaste. Inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and passionate attachments to others, are to be avoided. Washington. 2. Natural contrariety; incompatibility; repugnancy of qualities; as, oil and water have antipathy. A habit is generated of thinking that a natural antipathy exists between hope and reason. I. Taylor. Note: Any is opposed to sympathy. It is followed by to, against, or between; also sometimes by for. Syn. -- Hatred; aversion; dislike; disgust; distaste; enmity; ill will; repugnance; contrariety; opposition. See Dislike.


ANTIPEPTONE An`ti*peptone, n. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A product of gastric and pancreatic digestion, differing from hemipeptone in not being decomposed by the continued action of pancreatic juice.


ANTIPERIODIC An`ti*pe`ri*odic, n. (Med.) Defn: A remedy possessing the property of preventing the return of periodic paroxysms, or exacerbations, of disease, as in intermittent fevers.


ANTIPERISTALTIC An`ti*per`i*staltic, a. (Med.) Defn: Opposed to, or checking motion; acting upward; -- applied to an inverted action of the intestinal tube.


ANTIPERISTASIS An`ti*pe*rista*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Opposition by which the quality opposed asquires strength; resistance or reaction roused by opposition or by the action of an opposite principle or quality.


ANTIPERISTATIC An`ti*per`i*static, a. Defn: Pertaining to antiperistasis.


ANTIPETALOUS An`ti*petal*ous, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + petal.] (Bot.) Defn: Standing before a petal, as a stamen.


ANTIPHARMIC An`ti*pharmic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Antidotal; alexipharmic.


ANTIPHLOGISTIAN An`ti*phlo*gistian, n. Defn: An opposer of the theory of phlogiston.


ANTIPHLOGISTIC An`ti*phlo*gistic, a. 1. (Chem.) Defn: Opposed to the doctrine of phlogiston. 2. (Med.) Defn: Counteracting inflammation.


ANTIPHLOGISTIC An`ti*phlo*gistic, n. (Med.) Defn: Any medicine or diet which tends to check inflammation. Coxe.


ANTIPHON Anti*phon, n. Etym: [LL. antiphona, fr. Gr. Anthem.] 1. A musical response; alternate singing or chanting. See Antiphony, and Antiphone. 2. A verse said before and after the psalms. Shipley.


ANTIPHONAL An*tipho*nal, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to antiphony, or alternate singing; sung alternately by a divided choir or opposite choirs. Wheatly. -- An*tipho*nal*ly, adv.


ANTIPHONAL An*tipho*nal, n. Defn: A book of antiphons or anthems.


ANTIPHONARY An*tipho*na*ry, n. Etym: [LL. antiphonarium. See Antiphoner.] Defn: A book containing a collection of antiphons; the book in which the antiphons of the breviary, with their musical notes, are contained.


ANTIPHONE Anti*phone, n. (Mus.) Defn: The response which one side of the choir makes to the other in a chant; alternate chanting or signing.


ANTIPHONER An*tipho*ner, n. Etym: [F. antiphonaire. See Antiphon.] Defn: A book of antiphons. Chaucer.


ANTIPHONIC An`ti*phonic, a. Defn: Antiphonal.


ANTIPHONY An*tipho*ny, n.; pl. Antiphonies. Etym: [See Antiphon.] 1. A musical response; also, antiphonal chanting or signing. 2. An anthem or psalm sung alternately by a choir or congregation divided into two parts. Also figuratively. O! never more for me shall winds intone, With all your tops, a vast antiphony. R. Browning.


ANTIPHRASIS An*tiphra*sis, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: The use of words in a sense opposite to their proper meaning; as when a court of justice is called a court of vengeance.


ANTIPHRASTIC; ANTIPHRASTICAL An`ti*phrastic, An`ti*phrastic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to antiphrasis. -- An`ti*phrastic*al*ly, adv.


ANTIPHTHISIC An`ti*phthisic, a. (Med.) Defn: Relieving or curing phthisis, or consumption. -- n. Defn: A medicine for phthisis.


ANTIPHYSICAL An`ti*physic*al, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + physical.] Defn: Contrary to nature; unnatural.


ANTIPHYSICAL An`ti*physic*al, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Relieving flatulence; carminative.


ANTIPLASTIC An`ti*plastic, a. 1. Diminishing plasticity. 2. (Med.) Defn: Preventing or checking the process of healing, or granulation.


ANTIPODAGRIC An`ti*po*dagric, a. (Med.) Defn: Good against gout. -- n. Defn: A medicine for gout.


ANTIPODAL An*tipo*dal, a. 1. Pertaining to the antipodes; situated on the opposite side of the globe. 2. Diametrically opposite. His antipodal shadow. Lowell.


ANTIPODE Anti*pode, n. Defn: One of the antipodes; anything exactly opposite. In tale or history your beggar is ever the just antipode to your king. Lamb. Note: The singular, antipode, is exceptional in formation, but has been used by good writers. Its regular English plural would be ?nt?*podes, the last syllable rhyming with abodes, and this pronunciation is sometimes heard. The plural form (originally a Latin word without a singular) is in common use, and is pronounced, after the English method of Latin, ?n*t?po*dez.


ANTIPODEAN An`ti*pode*an, a. Defn: Pertaining to the antipodes, or the opposite side of the world; antipodal.


ANTIPODES An*tipo*des, n. Etym: [L. pl., fr. Gr. 1. Those who live on the side of the globe diametrically opposite. 2. The country of those who live on the opposite side of the globe. Latham. 3. Anything exactly opposite or contrary. Can there be a greater contrariety unto Christ's judgment, a more perfect antipodes to all that hath hitherto been gospel Hammond.


ANTIPOLE Anti*pole, n. Defn: The opposite pole; anything diametrically opposed. Geo. Eliot.


ANTIPOPE Anti*pope, n. Defn: One who is elected, or claims to be, pope in opposition to the pope canonically chosen; esp. applied to those popes who resided at Avignon during the Great Schism.


ANTIPSORIC An`tip*soric, a. (Med.) Defn: Of use in curing the itch. -- n. Defn: An antipsoric remedy.


ANTIPTOSIS An`tip*tosis, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Gram.) Defn: The putting of one case for another.


ANTIPUTREFACTIVE; ANTIPUTRESCENT An`ti*pu`tre*factive, An`ti*pu*trescent, a. Defn: Counteracting, or preserving from, putrefaction; antiseptic.


ANTIPYIC An`ti*pyic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Checking or preventing suppuration. -- n. Defn: An antipyic medicine.


ANTIPYRESIS An`ti*py*resis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: The condition or state of being free from fever.


ANTIPYRETIC An`ti*py*retic, a. (Med.) Defn: Efficacious in preventing or allaying fever. -- n. Defn: A febrifuge.


ANTIPYRINE An`ti*pyrine, n. (Med.) Defn: An artificial alkaloid, believed to be efficient in abating fever.


ANTIPYROTIC An`ti*py*rotic, a. (Med.) Defn: Good against burns or pyrosis. -- n. Defn: Anything of use in preventing or healing burns or pyrosis.


ANTIQUARIAN An`ti*quari*an, a. Etym: [See Antiquary]. Defn: Pertaining to antiquaries, or to antiquity; as, antiquarian literature.


ANTIQUARIAN An`ti*quari*an, n. 1. An antiquary. 2. A drawing paper of large size. See under Paper, n.


ANTIQUARIANISM An`ti*quari*an*ism, n. Defn: Character of an antiquary; study or love of antiquities. Warburton.


ANTIQUARIANIZE An`ti*quari*an*ize, v. i. Defn: To act the part of an antiquary. [Colloq.]


ANTIQUARY Anti*qua*ry, a. Etym: [L. antiquarius, fr. antiquus ancient. See Antique.] Defn: Pertaining to antiquity. [R.] Instructed by the antiquary times. Shak.


ANTIQUARY Anti*qua*ry, n.; pl. Antiquaries. Defn: One devoted to the study of ancient times through their relics, as inscriptions, monuments, remains of ancient habitations, statues, coins, manuscripts, etc.; one who searches for and studies the relics of antiquity.


ANTIQUATE Anti*quate, v. t. Etym: [L. antiquatus, p. p. of antiquare, fr. antiquus ancient.] Defn: To make old, or obsolete; to make antique; to make old in such a degree as to put out of use; hence, to make void, or abrogate. Christianity might reasonably introduce new laws, and antiquate or abrogate old one. Sir M. Hale.


ANTIQUATED Anti*qua`ted, a. Defn: Grown old. Hence: Bygone; obsolete; out of use; old-fashioned; as, an antiquated law. Antiquated words. Dryden. Old Janet, for so he understood his antiquated attendant was denominated. Sir W. Scott. Syn. -- Ancient; old; antique; obsolete. See Ancient.


ANTIQUATEDNESS Anti*qua`ted*ness, n. Defn: Quality of being antiquated.


ANTIQUATENESS Anti*quate*ness, n. Defn: Antiquatedness. [Obs.]


ANTIQUATION An`ti*quation, n. Etym: [L. antiquatio, fr. antiquare.] Defn: The act of making antiquated, or the state of being antiquated. Beaumont.


ANTIQUE An*tique, a. Etym: [F., fr. L. antiquus old, ancient, equiv. to anticus, from ante before. Cf. Antic.] 1. Old; ancient; of genuine antiquity; as, an antique statue. In this sense it usually refers to the flourishing ages of Greece and Rome. For the antique world excess and pride did hate. Spenser. 2. Old, as respects the present age, or a modern period of time; of old fashion; antiquated; as, an antique robe. Antique words. Spenser. 3. Made in imitation of antiquity; as, the antique style of Thomson's Castle of Indolence. 4. Odd; fantastic. [In this sense, written antic.] Syn. -- Ancient; antiquated; obsolete; antic; old-fashioned; old. See Ancient.


ANTIQUE An*tique, n. Etym: [F. See Antique, a. ] Defn: In general, anything very old; but in a more limited sense, a relic or object of ancient art; collectively, the antique, the remains of ancient art, as busts, statues, paintings, and vases. Misshapen monuments and maimed antiques. Byron.


ANTIQUELY An*tiquely, adv. Defn: In an antique manner.


ANTIQUENESS An*tiqueness, n. Defn: The quality of being antique; an appearance of ancient origin and workmanship. We may discover something venerable in the antiqueness of the work. Addison.


ANTIQUIST Anti*quist, n. Defn: An antiquary; a collector of antiques. [R.] Pinkerton.


ANTIQUITARIAN An*tiq`ui*tari*an, n. Defn: An admirer of antiquity. Note: [Used by Milton in a disparaging sense.] [Obs.]


ANTIQUITY An*tiqui*ty, n.; pl. Antiquities. Etym: [L. antiquitas, fr. antiquus: cf. F. antiquit?. See Antique.] 1. The quality of being ancient; ancientness; great age; as, a statue of remarkable antiquity; a family of great antiquity. 2. Old age. [Obs.] It not your voice broken . . . and every part about you blasted with antiquity Shak. 3. Ancient times; former ages; times long since past; as, Cicero was an eloquent orator of antiquity. 4. The ancients; the people of ancient times. That such pillars were raised by Seth all antiquity has Sir W. Raleigh. 5. An old gentleman. [Obs.] You are a shrewd antiquity, neighbor Clench. B. Jonson. 6. A relic or monument of ancient times; as, a coin, a statue, etc. ; an ancient institution. Note: [In this sense, usually in the plural.] Heathen antiquities. Bacon.


ANTIRACHITIC An`ti*ra*chitic, a. (Med.) Defn: Good against the rickets.


ANTIRENTER An`ti*renter, n. Defn: One opposed to the payment of rent; esp. one of those who in 1840-47 resisted the collection of rents claimed by the patroons from the settlers on certain manorial lands in the State of New York. -- An`ti*rentism, n.


ANTISABBATARIAN An`ti*sab`ba*tari*an, n. (Eccl.) Defn: One of a sect which opposes the observance of the Christian Sabbath.


ANTISACERDOTAL An`ti*sac`er*dotal, a. Defn: Hostile to priests or the priesthood. Waterland.


ANTISCIANS; ANTISCII An*tiscians, An*tisci*i, n. pl. Etym: [L. antiscii, Gr. Defn: The inhabitants of the earth, living on different sides of the equator, whose shadows at noon are cast in opposite directions. The inhabitants of the north and south temperate zones are always Antiscians. Brande & C.


ANTISCOLETIC; ANTISCOLIC An`ti*sco*letic, An`ti*scolic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Anthelmintic.


ANTISCORBUTIC An`ti*scor*butic, a. (Med.) Defn: Counteracting scurvy. -- n. Defn: A remedy for scurvy.


ANTISCORBUTICAL An`ti*scor*butic*al, a. (Med.) Defn: Antiscorbutic.


ANTISCRIPTURAL An`ti*scriptur*al, a. Defn: Opposed to, or not in accordance with, the Holy Scriptures.


ANTISEPALOUS An`ti*sepal*ous, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + sepal.] (Bot.) Defn: Standing before a sepal, or calyx leaf.


ANTISEPSIS An`ti*sepsis, n. [NL. See Anti-; Sepsis.] Defn: Prevention of sepsis by excluding or destroying microorganisms.


ANTISEPTIC An`ti*septic, n. Defn: A substance which prevents or retards putrefaction, or destroys, or protects from, putrefactive organisms; as, salt, carbolic acid, alcohol, cinchona.


ANTISEPTIC; ANTISEPTICAL An`ti*septic, An`ti*septic*al, a. Defn: Counteracting or preventing putrefaction, or a putrescent tendency in the system; antiputrefactive. Antiseptic surgery, that system of surgical practice which insists upon a systematic use of antiseptics in the performance of operations and the dressing of wounds.


ANTISEPTICALLY An`ti*septic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By means of antiseptics.


ANTISIALAGOGUE An`ti*si*ala*gogue, a. (Med.) Defn: Checking the flow of saliva.


ANTISIALAGOGUE An`ti*si*ala*gogue, n. Defn: A remedy against excessive salivation.


ANTISLAVERY An`ti*slaver*y, a. Defn: Opposed to slavery. -- n. Defn: Opposition to slavery.


ANTISOCIAL An`ti*social, a. Defn: Tending to interrupt or destroy social intercourse; averse to society, or hostile to its existence; as, antisocial principles.


ANTISOCIALIST An`ti*social*ist, n. Defn: One opposed to the doctrines and practices of socialists or socialism.


ANTISOLAR An`ti*solar, a. Defn: Opposite to the sun; -- said of the point in the heavens 180? distant from the sun.


ANTISPASMODIC An`ti*spas*modic, a. (Med.) Defn: Good against spasms. -- n. Defn: A medicine which prevents or allays spasms or convulsions.


ANTISPAST Anti*spast, n. Etym: [L. antispastus, Gr. (Pros.) Defn: A foot of four syllables, the first and fourth short, and the second and third long.


ANTISPASTIC An`ti*spastic, a. Etym: [Gr. Antispast.] (Med.) (a) Believed to cause a revulsion of fluids or of humors from one part to another. [Obs.] (b) Counteracting spasms; antispasmodic. -- n. Defn: An antispastic agent.


ANTISPLENETIC An`ti*splene*tic (Splenetic, 277), a. Defn: Good as a remedy against disease of the spleen. -- n. Defn: An antisplenetic medicine.


ANTISTROPHE An*tistro*phe, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Strophe.] 1. In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus, exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from right to left. Hence: The lines of this part of the choral song. It was customary, on some occasions, to dance round the altars whilst they sang the sacred hymns, which consisted of three stanzas or parts; the first of which, called strophe, was sung in turning from east to west; the other, named antistrophe, in returning from west to east; then they stood before the altar, and sang the epode, which was the last part of the song. Abp. Potter. 2. (Rhet.) (a) The repetition of words in an inverse order; as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master. (b) The retort or turning of an adversary's plea against him.

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