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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ANTHOPHOROUS

ANTHOPHOROUS An*thopho*rous, a. Defn: Flower bearing; supporting the flower.

ANTHOPHYLLITE

ANTHOPHYLLITE An*thophyl*lite, n. Etym: [NL. anthophyllum clove.] Defn: A mineral of the hornblende group, of a yellowish gray or clove brown color. -- An`tho*phyl*litic, a.

ANTHORISM

ANTHORISM Antho*rism, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A description or definition contrary to that which is given by the adverse party. [R.]

ANTHOTAXY

ANTHOTAXY Antho*tax`y, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The arrangement of flowers in a cluster; the science of the relative position of flowers; inflorescence.

ANTHOZOA

ANTHOZOA An`tho*zoa, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The class of the Coelenterata which includes the corals and sea anemones. The three principal groups or orders are Acyonaria, Actinaria, and Madreporaria.

ANTHOZOAN

ANTHOZOAN An`tho*zoan, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Pertaining to the Anthozoa. -- n. Defn: One of the Anthozoa.

ANTHOZOIC

ANTHOZOIC Antho*zoic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Anthozoa.

ANTHRACENE

ANTHRACENE Anthra*cene, n. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.) Defn: A solid hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2H2.C6H4, which accompanies naphthalene in the last stages of the distillation of coal tar. Its chief use is in the artificial production of alizarin. [Written also anthracin.]

ANTHRACENE OIL

ANTHRACENE OIL Anthra*cene oil. Defn: A heavy green oil (partially solidifying on cooling), which distills over from coal tar at a temperature above 270?. It is the principal source of anthracene.

ANTHRACIC

ANTHRACIC An*thracic, a. Defn: Of or relating to anthrax; as, anthracic blood.

ANTHRACIFEROUS

ANTHRACIFEROUS An`thra*cifer*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. -ferous.] (Min.) Defn: Yielding anthracite; as, anthraciferous strata.

ANTHRACITE

ANTHRACITE Anthra*cite, n. Etym: [L. anthracites a kind of bloodstone; fr. Gr. Anthrax.] Defn: A hard, compact variety of mineral coal, of high luster, differing from bituminous coal in containing little or no bitumen, in consequence of which it burns with a nearly non luminous flame. The purer specimens consist almost wholly of carbon. Also called glance coal and blind coal.

ANTHRACITIC

ANTHRACITIC Anthra*citic, a. Defn: Of, pertaining to, or like, anthracite; as, anthracitic formations.

ANTHRACNOSE

ANTHRACNOSE An*thracnose`, n. [Gr. , , carbuncle + disease.] (Bot.) Defn: Any one of several fungus diseases, caused by parasitic species of the series Melanconiales, attacking the bean, grape, melon, cotton, and other plants. In the case of the grape, brown concave spots are formed on the stem and fruit, and the disease is called bird's-eye rot.

ANTHRACOID

ANTHRACOID Anthra*coid, a. Etym: [Anthrax + -oid.] (Biol.) Defn: Resembling anthrax in action; of the nature of anthrax; as, an anthracoid microbe.

ANTHRACOMANCY

ANTHRACOMANCY Anthra*co*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy.] Defn: Divination by inspecting a burning coal.

ANTHRACOMETER

ANTHRACOMETER An`thra*come*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter.] Defn: An instrument for measuring the amount of carbonic acid in a mixture.

ANTHRACOMETRIC

ANTHRACOMETRIC An`thra*co*metric, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an anthracometer.

ANTHRACONITE

ANTHRACONITE An*thraco*nite, n. Etym: [See Anthracite.] (Min.) Defn: A coal-black marble, usually emitting a fetid smell when rubbed; -- called also stinkstone and swinestone.

ANTHRACOSIS

ANTHRACOSIS An`thra*cosis, n. [NL. See Anthrax.] (Med.) Defn: A chronic lung disease, common among coal miners, due to the inhalation of coal dust; -- called also collier's lung and miner's phthisis.

ANTHRAQUINONE

ANTHRAQUINONE An`thra*quinone, n. Etym: [Anthracene + quinone.] (Chem.) Defn: A hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2O2.C6H4, subliming in shining yellow needles. It is obtained by oxidation of anthracene.

ANTHRAX

ANTHRAX Anthrax, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. (Med.) (a) A carbuncle. (b) A malignant pustule. 2. (Biol.) Defn: A microscopic, bacterial organism (Bacillus anthracis), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under Bacillus.] 3. An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed to the presence of a rod-shaped bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), the spores of which constitute the contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria. Called also splenic fever.

ANTHRAX VACCINE

ANTHRAX VACCINE Anthrax vaccine. (Veter.) Defn: A fluid vaccine obtained by growing a bacterium (Bacterium anthracis) in beef broth. It is used to immunize animals, esp. cattle.

ANTHRENUS

ANTHRENUS An*threnus, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of small beetles, several of which, in the larval state, are very destructive to woolen goods, fur, etc. The common museum pest is A. varius; the carpet beetle is A. scrophulari?. The larv? are commonly confounded with moths.

ANTHROPIC; ANTHROPICAL

ANTHROPIC; ANTHROPICAL An*thropic, An*thropic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Like or related to man; human. [R.] Owen.

ANTHROPIDAE

ANTHROPIDAE An*thropi*d?, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: The group that includes man only.

ANTHROPOCENTRIC

ANTHROPOCENTRIC An`thro*po*centric, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Assuming man as the center or ultimate end; -- applied to theories of the universe or of any part of it, as the solar system. Draper.

ANTHROPOGENIC

ANTHROPOGENIC An`thro*po*genic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anthropogeny.

ANTHROPOGENY

ANTHROPOGENY An`thro*poge*ny, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The science or study of human generation, or the origin and development of man.

ANTHROPOGEOGRAPHY

ANTHROPOGEOGRAPHY An`thro*po*ge*ogra*phy, n. [Gr. man + geography.] Defn: The science of the human species as to geographical distribution and environment. Broadly, it includes industrial, commercial, and political geography, and that part of ethnology which deals with distribution and physical environment. -- An`thro*po*ge*ogra*pher (#), n. -- An`thro*po*ge`o*graphic*al (#), a.

ANTHROPOGLOT

ANTHROPOGLOT An*thropo*glot, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: An animal which has a tongue resembling that of man, as the parrot.

ANTHROPOGRAPHY

ANTHROPOGRAPHY An`thro*pogra*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. -graphy.] Defn: That branch of anthropology which treats of the actual distribution of the human race in its different divisions, as distinguished by physical character, language, institutions, and customs, in contradistinction to ethnography, which treats historically of the origin and filiation of races and nations. P. Cyc.

ANTHROPOID

ANTHROPOID Anthro*poid, a. Etym: [Gr. -oid.] Defn: Resembling man; -- applied especially to certain apes, as the ourang or gorilla. -- n. Defn: An anthropoid ape.

ANTHROPOIDAL

ANTHROPOIDAL An`thro*poidal, a. Defn: Anthropoid.

ANTHROPOIDEA

ANTHROPOIDEA An`thro*poide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Anthropoid.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The suborder of primates which includes the monkeys, apes, and man.

ANTHROPOLATRY

ANTHROPOLATRY An`thro*pola*try, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Man worship.

ANTHROPOLITE

ANTHROPOLITE An*thropo*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite.] (Paleon.) Defn: A petrifaction of the human body, or of any portion of it.

ANTHROPOLOGIC; ANTHROPOLOGICAL

ANTHROPOLOGIC; ANTHROPOLOGICAL An`thro*po*logic, An`thro*po*logic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to anthropology; belonging to the nature of man. Anthropologic wisdom. Kingsley. -- An`thro*po*logic*al*ly, adv.

ANTHROPOLOGIST

ANTHROPOLOGIST An`thro*polo*gist, n. Defn: One who is versed in anthropology.

ANTHROPOLOGY

ANTHROPOLOGY An`thro*polo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] 1. The science of the structure and functions of the human body. 2. The science of man; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal. 3. That manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God.

ANTHROPOMANCY

ANTHROPOMANCY Anthro*po*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy.] Defn: Divination by the entrails of human being.

ANTHROPOMETRIC; ANTHROPOMETRICAL

ANTHROPOMETRIC; ANTHROPOMETRICAL An`thro*po*metric, An`thro*po*metric*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to anthropometry.

ANTHROPOMETRY

ANTHROPOMETRY An`thro*pome*try, n. Etym: [Gr. -mercy.] Defn: Measurement of the height and other dimensions of human beings, especially at different ages, or in different races, occupations, etc. Dunglison.

ANTHROPOMORPHA

ANTHROPOMORPHA An`thro*po*morpha, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Anthropomorphism.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The manlike, or anthropoid, apes.

ANTHROPOMORPHIC

ANTHROPOMORPHIC An`thro*po*morphic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anthromorphism. Hadley. -- An`thro*po*morphic*al*ly, adv.

ANTHROPOMORPHISM

ANTHROPOMORPHISM An`thro*po*morphism, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. The representation of the Deity, or of a polytheistic deity, under a human form, or with human attributes and affections. 2. The ascription of human characteristics to things not human.

ANTHROPOMORPHIST

ANTHROPOMORPHIST An`thro*po*morphist, n. Defn: One who attributes the human form or other human attributes to the Deity or to anything not human.

ANTHROPOMORPHITE

ANTHROPOMORPHITE An`thro*po*morphite, n. Defn: One who ascribes a human form or human attributes to the Deity or to a polytheistic deity. Taylor. Specifically, one of a sect of ancient heretics who believed that God has a human form, etc. Tillotson.

ANTHROPOMORPHITIC

ANTHROPOMORPHITIC An`thro*po*mor*phitic, a. (Biol.) Defn: to anthropomorphism. Kitto.

ANTHROPOMORPHITISM

ANTHROPOMORPHITISM An`thro*po*morphi*tism, n. Defn: Anthropomorphism. Wordsworth.

ANTHROPOMORPHIZE

ANTHROPOMORPHIZE An`thro*po*morphize, v. t. & i. Defn: To attribute a human form or personality to. You may see imaginative children every day anthropomorphizing. Lowell.

ANTHROPOMORPHOLOGY

ANTHROPOMORPHOLOGY An`thro*po*mor*pholo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy. See Anthropomorphism.] Defn: The application to God of terms descriptive of human beings.

ANTHROPOMORPHOSIS

ANTHROPOMORPHOSIS An`thro*po*morpho*sis, n. Defn: Transformation into the form of a human being.

ANTHROPOMORPHOUS

ANTHROPOMORPHOUS An`thro*po*morphous, a. Defn: Having the figure of, or resemblance to, a man; as, an anthromorphous plant. Anthromorphous apes. Darwin.

ANTHROPONOMICS; ANTHROPONOMY

ANTHROPONOMICS; ANTHROPONOMY An`thro*po*nomics, An`thro*pono*my, n. [Gr. man + usage, law, rule.] Defn: The science of the laws of the development of the human organism in relation to other organisms and to environment. -- An`thro*po*nomic*al (#), a.

ANTHROPOPATHIC; ANTHROPOPATHICAL

ANTHROPOPATHIC; ANTHROPOPATHICAL An`thro*po*pathic, An`thro*po*pathic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anthropopathy. [R.] -- An`thro*po*pathic*al*ly, adv. The daring anthropopathic imagery by which the prophets often represent God as chiding, upbraiding, threatening. H. Rogers.

ANTHROPOPATHISM; ANTHROPOPATHY

ANTHROPOPATHISM; ANTHROPOPATHY An`thro*popa*thism, An`thro*popa*thy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The ascription of human feelings or passions to God, or to a polytheistic deity. In its recoil from the gross anthropopathy of the vulgar notions, it falls into the vacuum of absolute apathy. Hare.

ANTHROPOPATHITE

ANTHROPOPATHITE An`thro*popa*thite, n. Defn: One who ascribes human feelings to deity.

ANTHROPOPHAGI

ANTHROPOPHAGI An`thro*popha*gi, n. pl. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Defn: Man eaters; cannibals. Shak.

ANTHROPOPHAGIC; ANTHROPOPHAGICAL

ANTHROPOPHAGIC; ANTHROPOPHAGICAL An`thro*po*phagic, An`thro*po*phagic*al, a. Defn: Relating to cannibalism or anthropophagy.

ANTHROPOPHAGINIAN

ANTHROPOPHAGINIAN An`thro*poph`a*gini*an, n. Defn: One who east human flesh. [Ludicrous] Shak.

ANTHROPOPHAGITE

ANTHROPOPHAGITE An`thro*popha*gite, n. Defn: A cannibal. W. Taylor.

ANTHROPOPHAGOUS

ANTHROPOPHAGOUS An`thro*popha*gous, a. Defn: Feeding on human flesh; cannibal.

ANTHROPOPHAGY

ANTHROPOPHAGY An`thro*popha*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The eating of human flesh; cannibalism.

ANTHROPOPHUISM

ANTHROPOPHUISM Anthro*pophu*ism, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Human nature. [R.] Gladstone.

ANTHROPOSCOPY

ANTHROPOSCOPY An`thro*posco*py, n. Etym: [Gr. -scopy.] Defn: The art of discovering or judging of a man's character, passions. and inclinations from a study of his visible features. [R.]

ANTHROPOSOPHY

ANTHROPOSOPHY An`thro*poso*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Knowledge of the nature of man; hence, human wisdom.

ANTHROPOTOMICAL

ANTHROPOTOMICAL An`thro*po*tomic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to anthropotomy, or the dissection of human bodies.

ANTHROPOTOMIST

ANTHROPOTOMIST An`thro*poto*mist, n. Defn: One who is versed in anthropotomy, or human anatomy.

ANTHROPOTOMY

ANTHROPOTOMY An`thro*poto*my, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The anatomy or dissection of the human body; androtomy. Owen.

ANTHYPNOTIC

ANTHYPNOTIC Ant`hyp*notic. Defn: See Antihypnotic.

ANTHYPOCHONDRIAC

ANTHYPOCHONDRIAC Ant`hyp*o*chondri*ac, a. & n. Defn: See Antihypochondriac.

ANTHYSTERIC

ANTHYSTERIC Ant`hys*teric, a. & n. Defn: See Antihysteric.

ANTI

ANTI Anti. Etym: [Gr. Ante.] Defn: A prefix meaning against, opposite or opposed to, contrary, or in place of; -- used in composition in many English words. It is often shortened to ant-; as, antacid, antarctic.

ANTI-AMERICAN

ANTI-AMERICAN An`ti-A*meri*can, a. Defn: Opposed to the Americans, their aims, or interests, or to the genius of American institutions. Marshall.

ANTI-FEDERALIST

ANTI-FEDERALIST An`ti-feder*al*ist, n. Defn: One of party opposed to a federative government; -- applied particularly to the party which opposed the adoption of the constitution of the United States. Pickering.

ANTI-GALLICAN

ANTI-GALLICAN An`ti-Galli*can, a. Defn: Opposed to what is Gallic or French.

ANTI-IMPERIALISM

ANTI-IMPERIALISM An`ti-im*peri*al*ism, n. Defn: Opposition to imperialism; -- applied specif., in the United States, after the Spanish-American war (1898), to the attitude or principles of those opposing territorial expansion; in England, of those, often called Little Englanders, opposing the extension of the empire and the closer relation of its parts, esp. in matters of commerce and imperial defense. -- An`ti-im*peri*al*ist, n. -- An`ti- im*pe`ri*al*istic (#), a.

ANTI-SEMITISM

ANTI-SEMITISM An`ti-Semi*tism, n. Defn: Opposition to, or hatred of, Semites, esp. Jews. -- An`ti- Semite (#), n. -- An`ti-Sem*itic (#), a.

ANTI-TRADE

ANTI-TRADE Anti-trade`, n. Defn: A tropical wind blowing steadily in a direction opposite to the trade wind.

ANTIAE

ANTIAE Anti*?, n. pl. Etym: [L., forelock.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The two projecting feathered angles of the forehead of some birds; the frontal points.

ANTIALBUMID

ANTIALBUMID An`ti*al*bumid, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + -albumin.] (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: A body formed from albumin by pancreatic and gastric digestion. It is convertible into antipeptone.

ANTIALBUMOSE

ANTIALBUMOSE An`ti*albu*mose`, n. (Physiol.) Defn: See Albumose.

ANTIAPHRODISIAC

ANTIAPHRODISIAC An`ti*aph`ro*disi*ac, a. & n. Defn: Same as Antaphrodisiac.

ANTIAPOPLECTIC

ANTIAPOPLECTIC An`ti*ap`o*plectic, a. & n. (Med.) Defn: Same as Antapoplectic.

ANTIAR

ANTIAR Anti*ar, n. Etym: [Jav. antjar.] Defn: A Virulent poison prepared in Java from the gum resin of one species of the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria).

ANTIARIN

ANTIARIN An`ti*a*rin, n. (Chem.) Defn: A poisonous principle obtained from antiar. Watts.

ANTIASTHMATIC

ANTIASTHMATIC An`ti*asth*matic, a. & n. Defn: Same as Antasthmatic.

ANTIATTRITION

ANTIATTRITION An`ti*at*trition, n. Defn: Anything to prevent the effects of friction, esp. a compound lubricant for machinery, etc., often consisting of plumbago, with some greasy material; antifriction grease.

ANTIBACCHIUS

ANTIBACCHIUS An`ti*bac*chius, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Bacchius.] (Pros.) Defn: A foot of three syllables, the first two long, and the last short.

ANTIBACTERIAL

ANTIBACTERIAL An`ti*bac*teri*al, a. (Med.) (a) Inimical to bacteria; -- applied esp. to serum for protection against bacterial diseases. (b) Opposed to the bacterial theory of disease.

ANTIBILLOUS

ANTIBILLOUS An`ti*billous, a. Defn: Counteractive of bilious complaints; tending to relieve biliousness.

ANTIBODY

ANTIBODY Anti*bod`y, n. (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: Any of various bodies or substances in the blood which act in antagonism to harmful foreign bodies, as toxins or the bacteria producing the toxins. Normal blood serum apparently contains variousantibodies, and the introduction of toxins or of foreign cells also results in the development of their specific antibodies.

ANTIBRACHIAL

ANTIBRACHIAL An`ti*brachi*al, a. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the antibrachium, or forearm.

ANTIBRACHIUM

ANTIBRACHIUM An`ti*brachi*um, n. Etym: [NL.] (Anat.) Defn: That part of the fore limb between the brachium and the carpus; the forearm.

ANTIBROMIC

ANTIBROMIC An`ti*bromic, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. Defn: An agent that destroys offensive smells; a deodorizer.

ANTIBUBONIC

ANTIBUBONIC An`ti*bu*bonic, a. Defn: Good or used against bubonic plague; as, antibubonic serum, obtained from immunized horses; antibubonic vaccine, a sterilized bouillon culture of the plague bacillus; antibubonic measures.

ANTIBURGHER

ANTIBURGHER An`ti*burgher, n. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One who seceded from the Burghers (1747), deeming it improper to take the Burgess oath.

ANTIC

ANTIC Antic, a. Etym: [The same word as antique; cf. It. antico ancient. See Antique.] 1. Old; antique. (Zo?l.) Defn: Lords of antic fame. Phaer. 2. Odd; fantastic; fanciful; grotesque; ludicrous. The antic postures of a merry-andrew. Addison. The Saxons . . . worshiped many idols, barbarous in name, some monstrous, all antic for shape. Fuller.

ANTIC

ANTIC Antic, n. 1. A buffoon or merry-andrew; one that practices odd gesticulations; the Fool of the old play. 2. An odd imagery, device, or tracery; a fantastic figure. Woven with antics and wild imagery. Spenser. 3. A grotesque trick; a piece of buffoonery; a caper. And fraught with antics as the Indian bird That writhes and chatters in her wiry cage. Wordsworth. 4. (Arch.) Defn: A grotesque representation. [Obs.] 5. An antimask. [Obs. or R.] Performed by knights and ladies of his court In nature of an antic. Ford.

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