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ANTE Ante, n. (Poker Playing) Defn: Each player's stake, which is put into the pool before (ante) the game begins.


ANTE Ante, v. t. & i. Defn: To put up (an ante).


ANTE MORTEM An`te mortem. [L.] Defn: Before death; -- generally used adjectivelly; as, an ante- mortem statement; ante-mortem examination. The ante-mortem statement, or dying declaration made in view of death, by one injured, as to the cause and manner of the injury, is often receivable in evidence against one charged with causing the death.


ANTEACT Ante*act`, n. Defn: A preceding act.


ANTEAL Ante*al, a. Etym: [antea, ante, before. Cf. Ancient.] Defn: Being before, or in front. [R.] J. Fleming.


ANTECEDANEOUS An`te*ce*dane*ous, a. Etym: [See Antecede.] Defn: Antecedent; preceding in time. Capable of antecedaneous proof. Barrow.


ANTECEDE An`te*cede, v. t. & i. Etym: [L. antecedere; ante + cedere to go. See Cede.] Defn: To go before in time or place; to precede; to surpass. Sir M. Hale.


ANTECEDENCE An`te*cedence, n. 1. The act or state of going before in time; precedence. H. Spenser. 2. (Astron.) Defn: An apparent motion of a planet toward the west; retrogradation.


ANTECEDENCY An`te*ceden*cy, n. Defn: The state or condition of being antecedent; priority. Fothherby.


ANTECEDENT An`te*cedent, a. Etym: [L. antecedens, -entis, p. pr. of antecedere: cf. F. ant?c?dent.] 1. Going before in time; prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the Deluge; an antecedent cause. 2. Presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability. Syn. -- Prior; previous; foregoing.


ANTECEDENT An`te*cedent, n. Etym: [Cf. F. ant?c?dent.] 1. That which goes before in time; that which precedes. South. The Homeric mythology, as well as the Homeric language, has surely its antecedents. Max Miller. 2. One who precedes or goes in front. [Obs.] My antecedent, or my gentleman usher. Massinger. 3. pl. Defn: The earlier events of one's life; previous principles, conduct, course, history. J. H. Newman. If the troops . . . prove worthy of their antecedents, the victory is surely ours. Gen. G. McClellan. 4. (Gram.) Defn: The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence Solomon was the prince who built the temple, prince is the antecedent of who. 5. (Logic) (a) The first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move. (b) The first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die. 6. (Math.) Defn: The first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a:b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent.


ANTECEDENTLY An`te*cedent*ly, adv. Defn: Previously; before in time; at a time preceding; as, antecedently to conversion. Barrow.


ANTECESSOR An`te*cessor, n. Etym: [L., fr. antecedere, antecessum. See Antecede, Ancestor.] 1. One who goes before; a predecessor. The successor seldom prosecuting his antecessor's devices. Sir E. Sandys. 2. An ancestor; a progenitor. [Obs.]


ANTECHAMBER Ante*cham`ber, n. Etym: [Cf. F. antichambre.] 1. A chamber or apartment before the chief apartment and leading into it, in which persons wait for audience; an outer chamber. See Lobby. 2. A space viewed as the outer chamber or the entrance to an interior part. The mouth, the antechamber to the digestive canal. Todd & Bowman.


ANTECHAPEL Ante*chap`el, n. Defn: The outer part of the west end of a collegiate or other chapel. Shipley.


ANTECHOIR Ante*choir`, n. (Arch.) (a) A space inclosed or reserved at the entrance to the choir, for the clergy and choristers. (b) Where a choir is divided, as in some Spanish churches, that division of it which is the farther from the sanctuary.


ANTECIANS An*tecians, n. pl. Defn: See Ant.


ANTECOMMUNION An`te*com*munion, n. Defn: A name given to that part of the Anglican liturgy for the communion, which precedes the consecration of the elements.


ANTECURSOR An`te*cursor, n. Etym: [L., fr. antecurrere to run before; ante + currere to run.] Defn: A forerunner; a precursor. [Obs.]


ANTEDATE Ante*date`, n. 1. Prior date; a date antecedent to another which is the actual date. 2. Anticipation. [Obs.] Donne.


ANTEDATE Ante*date`, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Antedated; p. pr. & vb. n. Antedating.] 1. To date before the true time; to assign to an earlier date; thus, to antedate a deed or a bond is to give it a date anterior to the true time of its execution. 2. To precede in time. 3. To anticipate; to make before the true time. And antedate the bliss above. Pope. Who rather rose the day to antedate. Wordsworth.


ANTEDILUVIAL An`te*di*luvi*al, a. Etym: [Pref. ante- + diluvial.] Defn: Before the flood, or Deluge, in Noah's time.


ANTEDILUVIAN An`te*di*luvi*an, a. Defn: Of or relating to the period before the Deluge in Noah's time; hence, antiquated; as, an antediluvian vehicle. -- n. Defn: One who lived before the Deluge.


ANTEFACT Ante*fact`, n. Defn: Something done before another act. [Obs.]


ANTEFIX Ante*fix`, n.; pl. E. Antefixes; L. Antefixa. Etym: [L. ante + fixus fixed.] (Arch.) (a) An ornament fixed upon a frieze. (b) An ornament at the eaves, concealing the ends of the joint tiles of the roof. (c) An ornament of the cymatium of a classic cornice, sometimes pierced for the escape of water.


ANTEFLEXION An`te*flexion, n. (Med.) Defn: A displacement forward of an organ, esp. the uterus, in such manner that its axis is bent upon itself. T. G. Thomas.


ANTELOPE Ante*lope, n. Etym: [OF. antelop, F. antilope, fro Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of a group of ruminant quadrupeds, intermediate between the deer and the goat. The horns are usually annulated, or ringed. There are many species in Africa and Asia. The antelope and wolf both fierce and fell. Spenser. Note: The common or bezoar antelope of India is Antilope bezoartica. The chamois of the Alps, the gazelle, the addax, and the eland are other species. See Gazelle. The pronghorn antelope (Antilocapra Americana) is found in the Rocky Mountains. See Pronghorn.


ANTELUCAN An`te*lucan, a. Etym: [L. antelucanus; ante + lux light.] Defn: Held or being before light; -- a word applied to assemblies of Christians, in ancient times of persecution, held before light in the morning. Antelucan worship. De Quincey.


ANTEMERIDIAN An`te*me*ridi*an, a. Etym: [L. antemeridianus; ante + meridianus belonging to midday or noon. See Meridian.] Defn: Being before noon; in or pertaining to the forenoon. (Abbrev. a. m.)


ANTEMETIC Ant`e*metic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + emetic.] (Med.) Defn: Tending to check vomiting. -- n. Defn: A remedy to check or allay vomiting.


ANTEMOSAIC An`te*mo*saic, a. Defn: Being before the time of Moses.


ANTEMUNDANE An`te*mundane, a. Defn: Being or occurring before the creation of the world. Young.


ANTEMURAL An`te*mural, n. Etym: [L. antemurale: ante + murus wall. See Mural.] Defn: An outwork of a strong, high wall, with turrets, in front gateway (as of an old castle), for defending the entrance.


ANTENATAL An`te*natal, a. Defn: Before birth. Shelley.


ANTENICENE An`te*nicene, a. Etym: [L.] Defn: Of or in the Christian church or era, anterior to the first council of Nice, held a. d. 325; as, antenicene faith.


ANTENNA An*tenna, n.; pl. Antenn?. Etym: [L. antenna sail-yard; NL., a feeler, horn of an insect.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A movable, articulated organ of sensation, attached to the heads of insects and Crustacea. There are two in the former, and usually four in the latter. They are used as organs of touch, and in some species of Crustacea the cavity of the ear is situated near the basal joint. In insects, they are popularly called horns, and also feelers. The term in also applied to similar organs on the heads of other arthropods and of annelids.


ANTENNAL An*tennal, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Belonging to the antenn?. Owen.


ANTENNIFEROUS An`ten*nifer*ous, a. Etym: [Antenna + -ferous.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Bearing or having antenn?.


ANTENNIFORM An*tenni*form, a. Etym: [Antenna + -form.] Defn: Shaped like antenn?.


ANTENNULE An*tennule, n. Etym: [Dim. of antenna.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small antenna; -- applied to the smaller pair of antenn? or feelers of Crustacea.


ANTENUMBER An`te*number, n. Defn: A number that precedes another. [R.] Bacon.


ANTENUPTIAL An`te*nuptial, a. Defn: Preceding marriage; as, an antenuptial agreement. Kent.


ANTEORBITAL An`te*orbit*al, a. & n. (Anat.) Defn: Same as Antorbital.


ANTEPASCHAL An`te*paschal, a. Defn: Pertaining to the time before the Passover, or before Easter.


ANTEPAST Ante*past, n. Etym: [Pref. ante- + L. pastus pasture, food. Cf. Repast.] Defn: A foretaste. Antepasts of joy and comforts. Jer. Taylor.


ANTEPENDIUM An`te*pendi*um, n. Etym: [LL., fr. L. ante + pendere to hang.] (Eccl.) Defn: The hangings or screen in front of the altar; an altar cloth; the frontal. Smollett.


ANTEPENULT; ANTEPENULTIMA An`te*penult, An`te*pe*nulti*ma, n. Etym: [L. antepaenultima (sc. syllaba) antepenultimate; ante before + paenultimus the last but one; paene almost + ultimus last.] (Pros.) Defn: The last syllable of a word except two, as -syl in monosyllable.


ANTEPENULTIMATE An`te*pe*nulti*mate, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the last syllable but two. -- n. Defn: The antepenult.


ANTEPHIALTIC Ant`eph*i*altic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Good against nightmare. -- n. Defn: A remedy nightmare. Dunglison.


ANTEPILEPTIC Ant`ep*i*leptic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + epileptic.] (Med.) Defn: Good against epilepsy. -- n. Defn: A medicine for epilepsy.


ANTEPONE Ante*pone, v. t. Etym: [L. anteponere.] Defn: To put before; to prefer. [Obs.] Bailey.


ANTEPORT Ante*port, n. Etym: [Cf. LL. anteporta.] Defn: An outer port, gate, or door.


ANTEPORTICO An`te*porti*co, n. Defn: An outer porch or vestibule.


ANTEPOSITION An`te*po*sition, n. Etym: [Cf. LL. antepositio. See Position.] (Gram.) Defn: The placing of a before another, which, by ordinary rules, ought to follow it.


ANTEPRANDIAL An`te*prandi*al, a. Defn: Preceding dinner.


ANTEPREDICAMENT An`te*pre*dica*ment, n. (Logic) Defn: A prerequisite to a clear understanding of the predicaments and categories, such as definitions of common terms. Chambers.


ANTERIOR An*teri*or, a. Etym: [L. anterior, comp. of ante before.] 1. Before in time; antecedent. Antigonus, who was anterior to Polybius. Sir G. C. Lewis. 2. Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior part of the mouth; -- opposed to posterior. Note: In comparative anatomy, anterior often signifies at or toward the head, cephalic; and in human anatomy it is often used for ventral. Syn. -- Antecedent; previous; precedent; preceding; former; foregoing.


ANTERIORITY An*te`ri*ori*ty, n. Etym: [LL. anterioritas.] Defn: The state of being anterior or preceding in time or in situation; priority. Pope.


ANTERIORLY An*teri*or*ly, adv. Defn: In an anterior manner; before.


ANTERO- Ante*ro-. Defn: A combining form meaning anterior, front; as, antero-posterior, front and back; antero-lateral, front side, anterior and at the side.


ANTEROOM Ante*room, n. Defn: A room before, or forming an entrance to, another; a waiting room.


ANTES; ANTAE Antes, n. pl. Ant?. Defn: See Anta.


ANTESTATURE An`te*stature, n. (Fort.) Defn: A small intrenchment or work of palisades, or of sacks of earth.


ANTESTOMACH Ante*stom`ach, n. Defn: A cavity which leads into the stomach, as in birds. Ray.


ANTETEMPLE Ante*tem`ple, n. Defn: The portico, or narthex in an ancient temple or church.


ANTEVERSION An`te*version, n. Etym: [Pref. ante- + L. vertere, versum, to turn.] (Med.) Defn: A displacement of an organ, esp. of the uterus, in such manner that its whole axis is directed further forward than usual.


ANTEVERT An`te*vert, v. t. Etym: [L. antevertere; ante + vertere to turn.] 1. To prevent. [Obs.] Bp. Hall. 2. (Med.) Defn: To displace by anteversion.


ANTHELION Ant*helion, n.; pl. Anthelia. Etym: [Pref. anti + Gr. (Meteor.) Defn: A halo opposite the sun, consisting of a colored ring or rings around the shadow of the spectator's own head, as projected on a cloud or on an opposite fog bank.


ANTHELIX Anthe*lix, n. (Anat.) Defn: Same as Antihelix.


ANTHELMINTIC Anthel*mintic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. (Med.) Defn: Good against intestinal worms. -- An anthelmintic remedy. [Written also anthelminthic.]


ANTHEM Anthem, n. Etym: [OE. antym, antefne, AS. antefen, fr. LL. antiphona, fr. Gr. anthaine, anteine, antieune, F. antienne. See Antiphon.] 1. Formerly, a hymn sung in alternate parts, in present usage, a selection from the Psalms, or other parts of the Scriptures or the liturgy, set to sacred music. 2. A song or hymn of praise. Milton.


ANTHEM Anthem, v. t. Defn: To celebrate with anthems. [Poet.] Sweet birds antheming the morn. Keats.


ANTHEMION An*themi*on, Etym: [ fr. Gr. Defn: A floral ornament. See Palmette.


ANTHEMIS Anthe*mis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Chamomile; a genus of composite, herbaceous plants.


ANTHEMWISE Anthem*wise`, adv. Defn: Alternately. [Obs.] Bacon.


ANTHER Anther, n. Etym: [F. anth?re, L. anthera a medicine composed of flowers, fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: That part of the stamen containing the pollen, or fertilizing dust, which, when mature, is emitted for the impregnation of the ovary. -- Anther*al, a.


ANTHERIDIUM An`ther*idi*um, n.; pl. Anthplwidia. Etym: [Anther + (Bot.) Defn: The male reproductive apparatus in the lower, consisting of a cell or other cavity in which spermatozoids are produced; -- called also spermary. -- An`ther*idi*al, a.


ANTHERIFEROUS An`ther*ifer*ous, a. Etym: [Anther + -ferous.] (Bot.) (a) Producing anthers, as plants. (b) Supporting anthers, as a part of a flower. Gray.


ANTHERIFORM An*theri*form, a. Etym: [Anther + -form.] Defn: Shaped like an anther; anther-shaped.


ANTHEROGENOUS An`ther*oge*nous, a. Etym: [Anther + -genous.] (Bot.) Defn: Transformed from anthers, as the petals of a double flower.


ANTHEROID Anther*oid, a. Etym: [Anther + -oid.] Defn: Resembling an anther.


ANTHEROZOID; ANTHEROZOOID An`ther*o*zoid, An`ther*o*zooid, n. Etym: [Gr. -oid. See Zooid.] (Bot.) Defn: One of the mobile male reproductive bodies in the antheridia of cryptogams.


ANTHESIS An*thesis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The period or state of full expansion in a flower. Gray.


ANTHOBIAN An*thobi*an, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A beetle which feeds on flowers.


ANTHOBRANCHIA An`tho*branchi*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of nudibranchiate Mollusca, in which the gills form a wreath or cluster upon the posterior part of the back. See Nudibranchiata, and Doris.


ANTHOCARPOUS An`tho*carpous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having some portion of the floral envelopes attached to the pericarp to form the fruit, as in the checkerberry, the mulberry, and the pineapple.


ANTHOCYANIN An`tho*cya*nin, n. Defn: Same as Anthokyan.


ANTHODIUM An*thodi*um, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The inflorescence of a compound flower in which many florets are gathered into a involucrate head.


ANTHOGRAPHY An*thogra*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. -graphy.] Defn: A description of flowers.


ANTHOID Anthoid, a. Etym: [Gr. -oid.] Defn: Resembling a flower; flowerlike.


ANTHOKYAN An`tho*kyan, n. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.) Defn: The blue coloring matter of certain flowers. Same as Cyanin.


ANTHOLITE Antho*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite.] (Paleon.) Defn: A fossil plant, like a petrified flower.


ANTHOLOGICAL An`tho*logic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to anthology; consisting of beautiful extracts from different authors, especially the poets. He published a geographical and anthological description of all empires and kingdoms . . . in this terrestrial globe. Wood.


ANTHOLOGIST An*tholo*gist, n. Defn: One who compiles an anthology.


ANTHOLOGY An*tholo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. A discourses on flowers. [R.] 2. A collection of flowers; a garland. [R.] 3. A collection of flowers of literature, that is, beautiful passages from authors; a collection of poems or epigrams; -- particularly applied to a collection of ancient Greek epigrams. 4. (Gr. Ch.) Defn: A service book containing a selection of pieces for the festival services.


ANTHOMANIA An`tho*mani*a, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A extravagant fondness for flowers. [R.]


ANTHONY'S FIRE Antho*ny's Fire`. Defn: See Saint Anthony's Fire, under Saint.


ANTHOPHAGOUS An*thopha*gous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Eating flowers; -- said of certain insects.


ANTHOPHILOUS An*thophi*lous, a. [Gr. 'a`nqos flower + fi`los loving.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Lit., fond of flowers; hence, feeding upon, or living among, flowers.


ANTHOPHORE Antho*phore, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The stipe when developed into an internode between calyx and corolla, as in the Pink family. Gray.

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