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ANOMALISTIC; ANOMALISTICAL A*nom`a*listic, A*nom`a*listic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. anomalistique.] 1. Irregular; departing from common or established rules. 2. (Astron.) Defn: Pertaining to the anomaly, or angular distance of a planet from its perihelion. Anomalistic month. See under Month. -- Anomalistic revolution, the period in which a planet or satellite goes through the complete cycles of its changes of anomaly, or from any point in its elliptic orbit to the same again. -- Anomalistic, or Periodical year. See under Year.


ANOMALISTICALLY A*nom`a*listic*al*ly, adv. Defn: With irregularity.


ANOMALOFLOROUS A*nom`a*lo*florous, a. Etym: [L. anomalus irregular + flos, floris, flower.] (Bot.) Defn: Having anomalous flowers.


ANOMALOUS A*noma*lous, a Etym: [L. anomalus, Gr. Same, and cf. Abnormal.] Defn: Deviating from a general rule, method, or analogy; abnormal; irregular; as, an anomalous proceeding.


ANOMALOUSLY A*noma*lous*ly, adv. Defn: In an anomalous manner.


ANOMALOUSNESS A*noma*lous*ness, n. Defn: Quality of being anomalous.


ANOMALY A*noma*ly, n.; pl. Anomalies. Etym: [L. anomalia, Gr. Anomalous.] 1. Deviation from the common rule; an irregularity; anything anomalous. We are enabled to unite into a consistent whole the various anomalies and contending principles that are found in the minds and affairs of men. Burke. As Professor Owen has remarked, there is no greater anomaly in nature than a bird that can not fly. Darwin. 2. (Astron.) (a) The angular distance of a planet from its perihelion, as seen from the sun. This is the true anomaly. The eccentric anomaly is a corresponding angle at the center of the elliptic orbit of the planet. The mean anomaly is what the anomaly would be if the planet's angular motion were uniform. (b) The angle measuring apparent irregularities in the motion of a planet. 3. (Nat. Hist.) Defn: Any deviation from the essential characteristics of a specific type.


ANOMIA A*nomi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of bivalve shells, allied to the oyster, so called from their unequal valves, of which the lower is perforated for attachment.


ANOMOPHYLLOUS An`o*mophyl*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having leaves irregularly placed.


ANOMURA; ANOMOURA An`o*mura, An`o*moura, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of decapod Crustacea, of which the hermit crab in an example.


ANOMURAL; ANOMURAN An`o*mural, An`o*muran, a. Defn: Irregular in the character of the tail or abdomen; as, the anomural crustaceans. [Written also anomoural, anomouran.]


ANOMURAN An`o*muran, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Anomura.


ANOMY Ano*my, n. Etym: [Gr. Anomia.] Defn: Disregard or violation of law. [R.] Glanvill.


ANON A*non, adv. Etym: [OE. anoon, anon, anan, lit., in one (moment), fr.


ANONA A*nona, n. Etym: [NL. Cf. Ananas.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of tropical or subtropical plants of the natural order Anonace?, including the soursop.


ANONACEOUS An`o*naceous, a. Defn: Pertaining to the order of plants including the soursop, custard apple, etc.


ANONYM Ano*nym, n. Etym: [F. anonyme. See Anonymous.] 1. One who is anonymous; also sometimes used for pseudonym. 2. A notion which has no name, or which can not be expressed by a single English word. [R.] J. R. Seeley.


ANONYMITY An`o*nymi*ty, n. Defn: The quality or state of being anonymous; anonymousness; also, that which anonymous. [R.] He rigorously insisted upon the rights of anonymity. Carlyle.


ANONYMOUS A*nony*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. Name.] Defn: Nameless; of unknown name; also, of unknown /or unavowed authorship; as, an anonymous benefactor; an anonymous pamphlet or letter.


ANONYMOUSLY A*nony*mous*ly, adv. Defn: In an anonymous manner; without a name. Swift.


ANONYMOUSNESS A*nony*mous*ness, n. Defn: The state or quality of being anonymous. Coleridge.


ANOPHELES A*nophe*les (a*nofe*lez), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'anwfelh`s useless, hurtful.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of mosquitoes which are secondary hosts of the malaria parasites, and whose bite is the usual, if not the only, means of infecting human beings with malaria. Several species are found in the United States. They may be distinguished from the ordinary mosquitoes of the genus Culex by the long slender palpi, nearly equaling the beak in length, while those of the female Culex are very short. They also assume different positions when resting, Culex usually holding the body parallel to the surface on which it rests and keeping the head and beak bent at an angle, while Anopheles holds the body at an angle with the surface and the head and beak in line with it. Unless they become themselves infected by previously biting a subject affected with malaria, the insects cannot transmit the disease.


ANOPHYTE Ano*phyte, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A moss or mosslike plant which cellular stems, having usually an upward growth and distinct leaves.


ANOPLA Ano*pla, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the two orders of Nemerteans. See Nemertina.


ANOPLOTHERE; ANOPLOTHERIUM An*oplo*there, An`o*plo*theri*um, n. Etym: [From Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: A genus of extinct quadrupeds of the order Ungulata, whose were first found in the gypsum quarries near Paris; characterized by the shortness and feebleness of their canine teeth (whence the name).


ANOPLURA An`o*plura, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of insects which includes the lice.


ANOPSIA; ANOPSY A*nopsi*a, Anop`sy, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Want or defect of sight; blindness.


ANOREXIA; ANOREXY An`o*rexi*a, Ano*rex`y n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Want of appetite, without a loathing of food. Coxe.


ANORMAL A*normal, a. Etym: [F. anormal. See Abnormal, Normal.] Defn: Not according to rule; abnormal. [Obs.]


ANORN A*norn, v. t. Etym: [OF. a?rner, a?urner, fr. L. adornare to adorn. The form a-ourne was corrupted into anourne.] Defn: To adorn. [Obs.] Bp. Watson.


ANORTHIC A*northic, a. Etym: [See Anorthite.] (Min.) Defn: Having unequal oblique axes; as, anorthic crystals.


ANORTHITE A*northite, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A mineral of the feldspar family, commonly occurring in small glassy crystals, also a constituent of some igneous rocks. It is a lime feldspar. See Feldspar.


ANORTHOCLASE A*northo*clase, n. [Gr. priv. + orthoclase.] (Min.) Defn: A feldspar closely related to orthoclase, but triclinic. It is chiefly a silicate of sodium, potassium, and aluminium. Sp. gr., 2.57 -- 2.60.


ANORTHOPIA An`or*thopi*a, n. [NL., fr. Gr. priv. + ortho- + Gr. , , the eye.] (Med.) Defn: Distorted vision, in which straight lines appear bent.


ANORTHOSCOPE A*northo*scope, n. Etym: [Gr. -scope.] (Physics) Defn: An optical toy for producing amusing figures or pictures by means of two revolving disks, on one of which distorted figures are painted.


ANORTHOSITE A*northo*site, n. [F. anorthose triclinic feldspar (fr. Gr. priv. + straight) + -ite.] (Petrol.) Defn: A granular igneous rock composed almost exclusively of a soda- lime feldspar, usually labradorite.


ANOSMIA A*nosmi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Loss of the sense of smell.


ANOTHER An*other, pron. & a. Etym: [An a, one + other.] 1. One more, in addition to a former number; a second or additional one, similar in likeness or in effect. Another yet! -- a seventh! I 'll see no more. Shak. Would serve to scale another Hero's tower. Shak. 2. Not the same; different. He winks, and turns his lips another way. Shak. 3. Any or some; any different person, indefinitely; any one else; some one else. Let another man praise thee, and not thine own mouth. Prov. xxvii. 2. While I am coming, another steppeth down before me. John v. 7. Note: As a pronoun another may have a possessive another's, pl. others, poss. pl. other'. It is much used in opposition to one; as, one went one way, another another. It is also used with one, in a reciprocal sense; as, love one another, that is, let each love the other or others. These two imparadised in one another's arms. Milton.


ANOTHER-GAINES An*other-gaines`, a. Etym: [Corrupted fr. another-gates.] Defn: Of another kind. [Obs.] Sir P. Sidney.


ANOTHER-GATES An*other-gates`, a. Etym: [Another + gate, or gait, way. Cf. Algates.] Defn: Of another sort. [Obs.] Another-gates adventure. Hudibras.


ANOTHER-GUESS An*other-guess, a. Etym: [Corrupted fr. another-gates.] Defn: Of another sort. [Archaic] It used to go in another-guess manner. Arbuthnot.


ANOTTA A*notta, n. Defn: See Annotto.


ANOURA An*oura, n. Defn: See Anura.


ANOUROUS An*ourous, a. Defn: See Anurous.


ANOXAEMIA; ANOXEMIA An`ox*?mi*a, An`ox*emi*a, n. [NL.; Gr. priv. + oxygen + Gr. blood.] (Med.) Defn: An abnormal condition due to deficient a?ration of the blood, as in balloon sickness, mountain sickness. -- An`ox*?mic, *emic (#), a.


ANSA Ansa, n.; pl. Ans?. Etym: [L., a handle.] (Astron.) Defn: A name given to either of the projecting ends of Saturn's ring.


ANSATED Ansa*ted, a. Etym: [L. ansatus, fr. ansa a handle.] Defn: Having a handle. Johnson.


ANSERATED Anser*a`ted, a. (Her.) Defn: Having the extremities terminate in the heads of eagles, lions, etc.; as, an anserated cross.


ANSERES Anse*res, n. pl. Etym: [L., geese.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A Linn?an order of aquatic birds swimming by means of webbed feet, as the duck, or of lobed feet, as the grebe. In this order were included the geese, ducks, auks, divers, gulls, petrels, etc.


ANSERIFORMES An`se*ri*formes, n. pl. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of birds including the geese, ducks, and closely allied forms.


ANSERINE Anser*ine, a Etym: [L. anserinus, fr. anser a goose.] 1. Pertaining to, or resembling, a goose, or the skin of a goose. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: Pertaining to the Anseres.


ANSEROUS Anser*ous, a. Etym: [L. anser a goose.] Defn: Resembling a goose; silly; simple. Sydney Smith.


ANSWER Answer, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Answered; p. pr. & vb. n. Answering.] Etym: [OE. andswerien, AS. andswerian, andswarian, to answer, fr. andswaru, n., answer. See Answer, n.] 1. To speak in defense against; to reply to in defense; as, to answer a charge; to answer an accusation. 2. To speak or write in return to, as in return to a call or question, or to a speech, declaration, argument, or the like; to reply to (a question, remark, etc.); to respond to. She answers him as if she knew his mind. Shak. So spake the apostate angel, though in pain: . . . And him thus answered soon his bold compeer. Milton. 3. To respond to satisfactorily; to meet successfully by way of explanation, argument, or justification, and the like; to refute. No man was able to answer him a word. Matt. xxii. 46. These shifts refuted, answer thine appellant. Milton. The reasoning was not and could not be answered. Macaulay. 4. To be or act in return or response to. Hence: (a) To be or act in compliance with, in fulfillment or satisfaction of, as an order, obligation, demand; as, he answered my claim upon him; the servant answered the bell. This proud king . . . studies day and night To answer all the debts he owes unto you. Shak. (b) To render account to or for. I will . . . send him to answer thee. Shak. (c) To atone; to be punished for. And grievously hath C?zar answered it. Shak. (d) To be opposite to; to face. The windows answering each other, we could just discern the glowing horizon them. Gilpin. (e) To be or act an equivalent to, or as adequate or sufficient for; to serve for; to repay. [R.] Money answereth all things. Eccles. x. 19. (f) To be or act in accommodation, conformity, relation, or proportion to; to correspond to; to suit. Weapons must needs be dangerous things, if they answered the bulk of so prodigious a person. Swift.


ANSWER Answer, v. i. 1. To speak or write by way of return (originally, to a charge), or in reply; to make response. There was no voice, nor any that answered. 1 Kings xviii. 26. 2. To make a satisfactory response or return. Hence: To render account, or to be responsible; to be accountable; to make amends; as, the man must answer to his employer for the money intrusted to his care. Let his neck answer for it, if there is any martial law. Shak. 3. To be or act in return. Hence: (a) To be or act by way of compliance, fulfillment, reciprocation, or satisfaction; to serve the purpose; as, gypsum answers as a manure on some soils. Do the strings answer to thy noble hand Dryden. (b) To be opposite, or to act in opposition. (c) To be or act as an equivalent, or as adequate or sufficient; as, a very few will answer. (d) To be or act in conformity, or by way of accommodation, correspondence, relation, or proportion; to conform; to correspond; to suit; -- usually with to. That the time may have all shadow and silence in it, and the place answer to convenience. Shak. If this but answer to my just belief, I 'll remember you. Shak. As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man. Pro


ANSWER Answer, n. Etym: [OE. andsware, AS. andswaru; and against + swerian to swear. Anti-, and Swear, and cf. 1st un-.] 1. A reply to a change; a defense. At my first answer no man stood with me. 2 Tim. iv. 16. 2. Something said or written in reply to a question, a call, an argument, an address, or the like; a reply. A soft answer turneth away wrath. Prov. xv. 1. I called him, but he gave me no answer. Cant. v. 6. 3. Something done in return for, or in consequence of, something else; a responsive action. Great the slaughter is Here made by the Roman; great the answer be Britons must take. Shak. 4. A solution, the result of a mathematical operation; as, the answer to a problem. 5. (Law) Defn: A counter-statement of facts in a course of pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the complainant's charges in his bill. Bouvier. Syn. -- Reply; rejoinder; response. See Reply.


ANSWERABLE Answer*a*ble, a. 1. Obliged to answer; liable to be called to account; liable to pay, indemnify, or make good; accountable; amenable; responsible; as, an agent is answerable to his principal; to be answerable for a debt, or for damages. Will any man argue that . . . he can not be justly punished, but is answerable only to God Swift. 2. Capable of being answered or refuted; admitting a satisfactory answer. The argument, though subtle, is yet answerable. Johnson. 3. Correspondent; conformable; hence, comparable. What wit and policy of man is answerable to their discreet and orderly course Holland. This revelation . . . was answerable to that of the apostle to the Thessalonians. Milton. 4. Proportionate; commensurate; suitable; as, an achievement answerable to the preparation for it. 5. Equal; equivalent; adequate. [Archaic] Had the valor of his soldiers been answerable, he had reached that year, as was thought, the utmost bounds of Britain. Milton.


ANSWERABLENESS Answer*a*ble*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being answerable, liable, responsible, or correspondent.


ANSWERABLY Answer*a*bly, adv. Defn: In an answerable manner; in due proportion or correspondence; suitably.


ANSWERER Answer*er, n. Defn: One who answers.


ANSWERLESS Answer*less, a. Defn: Having no answer, or impossible to be answered. Byron.


ANT- Ant-. Defn: See Anti-, prefix. -ANT -ant. Etym: [F. -ant, fr. L. -antem or -entem, the pr. p. ending; also sometimes directly from L. -antem.] Defn: A suffix sometimes marking the agent for action; as, merchant, covenant, servant, pleasant, etc. Cf. -ent.


ANT Ant, n. Etym: [OE. ante, amete, emete, AS. ?mete akin to G. ameise. Cf. Emmet.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A hymenopterous insect of the Linn?an genus Formica, which is now made a family of several genera; an emmet; a pismire. Note: Among ants, as among bees, there are neuter or working ants, besides the males and females; the former are without wings. Ants live together in swarms, usually raising hillocks of earth, variously chambered within, where they maintain a perfect system of order, store their provisions, and nurture their young. There are many species, with diverse habits, as agricultural ants, carpenter ants, honey ants, foraging ants, amazon ants, etc. The white ants or Termites belong to the Neuroptera. Ant bird (Zo?l.), one of a very extensive group of South American birds (Formicariid?), which live on ants. The family includes many species, some of which are called ant shrikes, ant thrushes, and ant wrens. -- Ant rice (Bot.), a species of grass (Aristida oligantha) cultivated by the agricultural ants of Texas for the sake of its seed.


ANT BIRD Ant bird, (Zo?l.) Defn: See Ant bird, under Ant, n.


ANT COW Ant cow. (Zo?l.) Defn: Any aphid from which ants obtain honeydew.


ANT EGG Ant egg`. Defn: One of the small white egg-shaped pup? or cocoons of the ant, often seen in or about ant-hills, and popularly supposed to be eggs.


ANT THRUSH Ant thrush`. (Zo?l.) (a) One of several species of tropical birds, of the Old World, of the genus Pitta, somewhat resembling the thrushes, and feeding chiefly on ants. (b) See Ant bird, under Ant.


ANT-BEAR Ant-bear`, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: An edentate animal of tropical America (the Tamanoir), living on ants. It belongs to the genus Myrmecophaga.


ANT-CATTLE Ant-cat`tle, n. pl. (Zo?l.) Defn: Various kinds of plant lice or aphids tended by ants for the sake of the honeydew which they secrete. See Aphips.


ANT-EATER Ant-eat`er, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of several species of edentates and monotremes that feed upon ants. See Ant-bear, Pangolin, Aard-vark, and Echidna.


ANT-HILL Ant-hill, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A mound thrown up by ants or by termites in forming their nests.


ANT-LION Ant-li`on, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A neuropterous insect, the larva of which makes in the sand a pitfall to capture ants, etc. The common American species is Myrmeleon obsoletus, the European is M. formicarius.


ANTA Anta, n.; pl. Ant?. Etym: [L.] (Arch.) Defn: A species of pier produced by thickening a wall at its termination, treated architecturally as a pilaster, with capital and base. Note: Porches, when columns stand between two ant?, are called in Latin in antis.


ANTACID Ant*acid, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + acid.] (Med.) Defn: A remedy for acidity of the stomach, as an alkali or absorbent. -- a. Defn: Counteractive of acidity.


ANTACRID Ant*acrid, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + acrid.] Defn: Corrective of acrimony of the humors.


ANTAEAN An*t?an, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to Ant?us, a giant athlete slain by Hercules.


ANTAGONISM An*tago*nism, n. Etym: [Gr. antagonisme. See Agony.] Defn: Opposition of action; counteraction or contrariety of things or principles. Note: We speak of antagonism between two things, to or against a thing, and sometimes with a thing.


ANTAGONIST An*tago*nist, n. Etym: [L. antagonista, Gr. antagoniste. See Antagonism.] 1. One who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; an opponent. Antagonist of Heaven's Almigthy King. Milton. Our antagonists in these controversies. Hooker. 2. (Anat.) Defn: A muscle which acts in opposition to another; as a flexor, which bends a part, is the antagonist of an extensor, which extends it. 3. (Med.) Defn: A medicine which opposes the action of another medicine or of a poison when absorbed into the blood or tissues. Syn. -- Adversary; enemy; opponent; toe; competitor. See Adversary.


ANTAGONIST An*tago*nist, a. Defn: Antagonistic; opposing; counteracting; as, antagonist schools of philosophy.


ANTAGONISTIC; ANTAGONISTICAL An*tag`o*nistic, An*tag`o*nistic*al, a. Defn: Opposing in combat, combating; contending or acting against; as, antagonistic forces. -- An*tag`o*nistic*al*ly, adv. They were distinct, adverse, even antagonistic. Milman.


ANTAGONIZE An*tago*nize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Antagonized; p. pr. & vb. n. Antagonozing.] Etym: [Gr. Antagonism.] Defn: To contend with; to oppose actively; to counteract.


ANTAGONIZE An*tago*nize, v. i. Defn: To act in opposition.


ANTAGONY An*tago*ny, n. Etym: [Gr. antagonie. See Antagonism.] Defn: Contest; opposition; antagonism. [Obs.] Antagony that is between Christ and Belial. Milton.


ANTALGIC An*talgic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. antalgique.] (Med.) Defn: Alleviating pain. -- n. Defn: A medicine to alleviate pain; an anodyne. [R.]


ANTALKALI; ANTALKALINE Ant*alka*li, Ant*alka*line, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + alkali.] Defn: Anything that neutralizes, or that counteracts an alkaline tendency in the system. Hoopplw.


ANTALKALINE Ant*alka*line, a. Defn: Of power to counteract alkalies.


ANTAMBULACRAL Ant*am`bu*lacral, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Away from the ambulacral region.


ANTANACLASIS Ant`an*a*clasis, n. Etym: [Gr. Anaclastic.] (Rhet.) (a) A figure which consists in repeating the same word in a different sense; as, Learn some craft when young, that when old you may live without craft. (b) A repetition of words beginning a sentence, after a long parenthesis; as, Shall that heart (which not only feels them, but which has all motions of life placed in them), shall that heart, etc.


ANTANAGOGE Ant`an*a*goge, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + anagoge.] (Rhet.) Defn: A figure which consists in answering the charge of an adversary, by a counter charge.


ANTAPHRODISIAC Ant`aph*ro*disi*ac, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + aphrodisiac.] (Med.) Defn: Capable of blunting the venereal appetite. -- n. Defn: Anything that quells the venereal appetite.


ANTAPHRODITIC Ant`aph*ro*ditic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. antaphroditique.] (Med.) 1. Antaphrodisiac. 2. Antisyphilitic. [R.]


ANTAPHRODITIC Ant`aph*ro*ditic, n. Defn: An antaphroditic medicine.


ANTAPOPLECTIC Ant`ap*o*plectic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + apoplectic.] (Med.) Defn: Good against apoplexy. -- n. Defn: A medicine used against apoplexy.


ANTARCHISM Ant*archism, n. Etym: [Pref. anti- + Gr. Defn: Opposition to government in general. [R.]


ANTARCHIST Ant*archist, n. Defn: One who opposes all government. [R.]


ANTARCHISTIC; ANTARCHISTICAL Ant`ar*chistic, Ant`ar*chistic*al, a. Defn: Opposed to all human government. [R.]


ANTARCTIC Ant*arctic, a. Etym: [OE. antartik, OF. antartique, F. antarctique, L. antarcticus, fr. Gr. Arctic.] Defn: Opposite to the northern or arctic pole; relating to the southern pole or to the region near it, and applied especially to a circle, distant from the pole 23? 28min. Thus we say the antarctic pole, circle, ocean, region, current, etc.


ANTARES An*tares, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The principal star in Scorpio: -- called also the Scorpion's Heart.


ANTARTHRITIC Ant`ar*thritic, a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + arthritic.] (Med.) Counteracting or alleviating gout. -- n. Defn: A remedy against gout.


ANTASTHMATIC Ant`asth*matic ( or ; see Asthma; 277), a. Etym: [Pref. anti- + asthmatic.] (Med.) Defn: Opposing, or fitted to relieve, asthma. -- n. Defn: A remedy for asthma.


ANTE- Ante-. Defn: A Latin preposition and prefix; akin to Gr. anti, Goth. and-, anda- (only in comp.), AS. and-, ond-, (only in comp.: cf. Answer, Along), G. ant-, ent- (in comp.). The Latin ante is generally used in the sense of before, in regard to position, order, or time, and the Gr. opposite, or in the place of.

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