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ANGIOPATHY An`gi*opa*thy, n. [Angio- + Gr. disease.] (Med.) Defn: Disease of the vessels, esp. the blood vessels.


ANGIOSCOPE Angi*o*scope, n. Etym: [Angio- + -scope.] Defn: An instrument for examining the capillary vessels of animals and plants. Morin.


ANGIOSPERM Angi*o*sperm, n. Etym: [Angio- + Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A plant which has its seeds inclosed in a pericarp. Note: The term is restricted to exogenous plants, and applied to one of the two grand divisions of these species, the other division including gymnosperms, or those which have naked seeds. The oak, apple, beech, etc., are angiosperms, while the pines, spruce, hemlock, and the allied varieties, are gymnosperms.


ANGIOSPERMATOUS An`gi*o*sperma*tous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Same as Angiospermous.


ANGIOSPERMOUS An`gi*o*spermous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Having seeds inclosed in a pod or other pericarp.


ANGIOSPOROUS An`gi*ospo*rous, a. Etym: [Angio- + spore.] (Bot.) Defn: Having spores contained in cells or thec?, as in the case of some fungi.


ANGIOSTOMOUS An`gi*osto*mous, a. Etym: [Angio- + Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: With a narrow mouth, as the shell of certain gastropods.


ANGIOTOMY An`gi*oto*my, n. Etym: [Angio- + Gr. (Anat.) Defn: Dissection of the blood vessels and lymphatics of the body. Dunglison.


ANGLE Angle, n. Etym: [F. angle, L. angulus angle, corner; akin to uncus hook, Gr. angel hook, fish-hook, G. angel, and F. anchor.] 1. The inclosed space near the point where two lines; a corner; a nook. Into the utmost angle of the world. Spenser. To search the tenderest angles of the heart. Milton. 2. (Geom.) (a) The figure made by. two lines which meet. (b) The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines meet, the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle. 3. A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment. Though but an angle reached him of the stone. Dryden. 4. (Astrol.) Defn: A name given to four of the twelve astrological houses. [Obs.] Chaucer. 5. Etym: [AS. angel.] Defn: A fishhook; tackle for catching fish, consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a rod. Give me mine angle: we 'll to the river there. Shak. A fisher next his trembling angle bears. Pope. Acute angle, one less than a right angle, or less than 90?. -- Adjacent or Contiguous angles, such as have one leg common to both angles. -- Alternate angles. See Alternate. -- Angle bar. (a) (Carp.) An upright bar at the angle where two faces of a polygonal or bay window meet. Knight. (b) (Mach.) Same as Angle iron. -- Angle bead (Arch.), a bead worked on or fixed to the angle of any architectural work, esp. for protecting an angle of a wall. -- Angle brace, Angle tie (Carp.), a brace across an interior angle of a wooden frame, forming the hypothenuse and securing the two side pieces together. Knight. -- Angle iron (Mach.), a rolled bar or plate of iron having one or more angles, used for forming the corners, or connecting or sustaining the sides of an iron structure to which it is riveted. -- Angle leaf (Arch.), a detail in the form of a leaf, more or less conventionalized, used to decorate and sometimes to strengthen an angle. -- Angle meter, an instrument for measuring angles, esp. for ascertaining the dip of strata. -- Angle shaft (Arch.), an enriched angle bead, often having a capital or base, or both. -- Curvilineal angle, one formed by two curved lines. -- External angles, angles formed by the sides of any right-lined figure, when the sides are produced or lengthened. -- Facial angle. See under Facial. -- Internal angles, those which are within any right-lined figure. -- Mixtilineal angle, one formed by a right line with a curved line. -- Oblique angle, one acute or obtuse, in opposition to a right angle. -- Obtuse angle, one greater than a right angle, or more than 90?. -- Optic angle. See under Optic. -- Rectilineal or Right-lined angle, one formed by two right lines. -- Right angle, one formed by a right line falling on another perpendicularly, or an angle of 90? (measured by a quarter circle). -- Solid angle, the figure formed by the meeting of three or more plane angles at one point. -- Spherical angle, one made by the meeting of two arcs of great circles, which mutually cut one another on the surface of a globe or sphere. -- Visual angle, the angle formed by two rays of light, or two straight lines drawn from the extreme points of an object to the center of the eye. -- For Angles of commutation, draught, incidence, reflection, refraction, position, repose, fraction, see Commutation, Draught, Incidence, Reflection, Refraction, etc.


ANGLE Angle, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Angled; p. pr. & vb. n. Angling.] 1. To fish with an angle (fishhook), or with hook and line. 2. To use some bait or artifice; to intrigue; to scheme; as, to angle for praise. The hearts of all that he did angle for. Shak.


ANGLE Angle, v. t. Defn: To try to gain by some insinuating artifice; to allure. [Obs.] He angled the people's hearts. Sir P. Sidney.


ANGLE OF ENTRY Angle of entry. (A?ronautics) Defn: The angle between the tangent to the advancing edge (of an a?rocurve) and the line of motion; -- contrasted with angle of trail, which is the angle between the tangent to the following edge and the line of motion.


ANGLE OF INCIDENCE Angle of incidence. (A?ronautics) Defn: The angle between the chord of an a?rocurve and the relative direction of the undisturbed air current.


ANGLED Angled, a. Defn: Having an angle or angles; -- used in compounds; as, right- angled, many-angled, etc. The thrice three-angled beechnut shell. Bp. Hall.


ANGLEMETER Angle*me`ter, n. Etym: [Angle + -meter.] Defn: An instrument to measure angles, esp. one used by geologists to measure the dip of strata.


ANGLER Angler, n. 1. One who angles. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A fish (Lophius piscatorius), of Europe and America, having a large, broad, and depressed head, with the mouth very large. Peculiar appendages on the head are said to be used to entice fishes within reach. Called also fishing frog, frogfish, toadfish, goosefish, allmouth, monkfish, etc.


ANGLES Angles, n. pl. Etym: [L. Angli. See Anglican.] (Ethnol.) Defn: An ancient Low German tribe, that settled in Britain, which came to be called Engla-land (Angleland or England). The Angles probably came from the district of Angeln (now within the limits of Schleswig), and the country now Lower Hanover, etc.


ANGLESITE Angle*site, n. Etym: [From the Isle of Anglesea.] (Min.) Defn: A native sulphate of lead. It occurs in white or yellowish transparent, prismatic crystals.


ANGLEWISE Angle*wise`, adv. Etym: [Angle + wise, OE. wise manner.] Defn: In an angular manner; angularly.


ANGLEWORM Angle*worm`, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A earthworm of the genus Lumbricus, frequently used by anglers for bait. See Earthworm.


ANGLIAN Angli*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Angles. -- n. Defn: One of the Angles.


ANGLIC Anglic, a. Defn: Anglian.


ANGLICAN Angli*can, a. Etym: [Angli the Angles, a Germanic tribe in Lower Germany. Cf. English.] 1. English; of or pertaining to England or the English nation; especially, pertaining to, or connected with, the established church of England; as, the Anglican church, doctrine, orders, ritual, etc. 2. Pertaining to, characteristic of, or held by, the high church party of the Church of England.


ANGLICAN Angli*can, n. 1. A member of the Church of England. Whether Catholics, Anglicans, or Calvinists. Burke. 2. In a restricted sense, a member of the High Church party, or of the more advanced ritualistic section, in the Church of England.


ANGLICANISM Angli*can*ism, n. 1. Strong partiality to the principles and rites of the Church of England. 2. The principles of the established church of England; also, in a restricted sense, the doctrines held by the high-church party. 3. Attachment to England or English institutions.


ANGLICE Angli*ce, adv. Etym: [NL.] Defn: In English; in the English manner; as, Livorno, Anglice Leghorn.


ANGLICIFY An*glici*fy, v. t. Etym: [NL. Anglicus English + -fly.] Defn: To anglicize. [R.]


ANGLICISM Angli*cism, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anglicisme.] 1. An English idiom; a phrase or form language peculiar to the English. Dryden. 2. The quality of being English; an English characteristic, custom, or method.


ANGLICITY An*glici*ty, n. Defn: The state or quality of being English.


ANGLICIZATION An`gli*ci*zation, n. Defn: The act of anglicizing, or making English in character.


ANGLICIZE Angli*cize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anglicized; p. pr. & vb. n. Anglicizing.] Defn: To make English; to English; to anglify; render conformable to the English idiom, or to English analogies.


ANGLIFY Angli*fy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anglified; p. pr. & vb. n. Anglifying.] Etym: [L. Angli + -fly.] Defn: To convert into English; to anglicize. Franklin. Darwin.


ANGLING Angling, n. Defn: The act of one who angles; the art of fishing with rod and line. Walton.


ANGLO- Anglo- Etym: [NL. Anglus English. See Anglican.] Defn: A combining form meaning the same as English; or English and, or English conjoined with; as, Anglo-Turkish treaty, Anglo-German, Anglo-Irish. Anglo-American, . Of or pertaining to the English and Americans, or to the descendants of Englishmen in America. -- n. A descendant from English ancestors born in America, or the United States. Anglo-Danish, a. Of or pertaining to the English and Danes, or to the Danes who settled in England. Anglo-Indian, a. Of or pertaining to the English in India, or to the English and East Indian peoples or languages. -- n. One of the Anglo-Indian race born or resident in the East Indies. Anglo-Norman, a. Of or pertaining to the English and Normans, or to the Normans who settled in England. -- n. One of the English Normans, or the Normans who conquered England. Anglo-Saxon. See Anglo-Saxon in the Vocabulary.


ANGLO-CATHOLIC Anglo-Catho*lic, a., Defn: Of or pertaining to a church modeled on the English Reformation; Anglican; -- sometimes restricted to the ritualistic or High Church section of the Church of England.


ANGLO-CATHOLIC Anglo-Catho*lic, n. Defn: A member of the Church of England who contends for its catholic character; more specifically, a High Churchman.


ANGLO-CATHOLICISM Anglo-Ca*tholi*cism, n. Defn: The belief of those in the Church of England who accept many doctrines and practices which they maintain were those of the primitive, or true, Catholic Church, of which they consider the Church of England to be the lineal descendant.


ANGLO-SAXON Anglo-Saxon, n. Etym: [L. Angli-Saxones English Saxons.] 1. A Saxon of Britain, that is, an English Saxon, or one the Saxons who settled in England, as distinguished from a continental (or Old) Saxon. 2. pl. Defn: The Teutonic people (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) of England, or the English people, collectively, before the Norman Conquest. It is quite correct to call ?thelstan King of the Anglo-Saxons, but to call this or that subject of ?thelstan an Anglo-Saxon is simply nonsense. E. A. Freeman. 3. The language of the English people before the Conquest (sometimes called Old English). See Saxon. 4. One of the race or people who claim descent from the Saxons, Angles, or other Teutonic tribes who settled in England; a person of English descent in its broadest sense.


ANGLO-SAXON Anglo-Saxon, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Anglo-Saxons or their language.


ANGLO-SAXONDOM Anglo-Saxon*dom, n. Defn: The Anglo-Saxon domain (i. e., Great Britain and the United States, etc.); the Anglo-Saxon race.


ANGLO-SAXONISM Anglo-Saxon*ism, n. 1. A characteristic of the Anglo-Saxon race; especially, a word or an idiom of the Anglo-Saxon tongue. M. Arnold. 2. The quality or sentiment of being Anglo-Saxon, or English in its ethnological sense.


ANGLOMANIA Anglo*mani*a, n. Etym: [Anglo'cf + mania.] Defn: A mania for, or an inordinate attachment to, English customs, institutions, etc.


ANGLOMANIAC An`glo*mani*ac, n. Defn: One affected with Anglomania.


ANGLOPHOBIA An`glo*phobi*a, n. Etym: [Anglo- + Gr. Defn: Intense dread of, or aversion to, England or the English. -- Anglo*phobe, n.


ANGOLA An*gola, n. Etym: [A corruption of Angora.] Defn: A fabric made from the wool of the Angora goat.


ANGOLA PEA An*gola pea`. (Bot.) Defn: A tropical plant (Cajanus indicus) and its edible seed, a kind of pulse; -- so called from Angola in Western Africa. Called also pigeon pea and Congo pea.


ANGOR Angor, n. Etym: [L. See Anger.] (Med.) Defn: Great anxiety accompanied by painful constriction at the upper part of the belly, often with palpitation and oppression.


ANGORA An*gora, n. Defn: A city of Asia Minor (or Anatolia) which has given its name to a goat, a cat, etc. Angora cat (Zo?l.), a variety of the domestic cat with very long and silky hair, generally of the brownish white color. Called also Angola cat. See Cat. -- Angora goat (Zo?l.), a variety of the domestic goat, reared for its long silky hair, which is highly prized for manufacture.


ANGOSTURA BARK An`gos*tura bark. Etym: [From Angostura, in Venezuela.] Defn: An aromatic bark used as a tonic, obtained from a South American of the rue family (Galipea cusparia, or officinalis). U. S. Disp.


ANGOUMOIS MOTH An`gou`mois moth. Etym: [So named from Angoumois in France.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small moth (Gelechia cerealella) which is very destructive to wheat and other grain. The larva eats out the inferior of the grain, leaving only the shell.


ANGRILY Angri*ly, adv. Defn: In an angry manner; under the influence of anger.


ANGRINESS Angri*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being angry, or of being inclined to anger. Such an angriness of humor that we take fire at everything. Whole Duty of Man.


ANGRY Angry, a. [Compar. Angrier; superl. Angriest.] Etym: [See Anger.] 1. Troublesome; vexatious; rigorous. [Obs.] God had provided a severe and angry education to chastise the forwardness of a young spirit. Jer. Taylor. 2. Inflamed and painful, as a sore. 3. Touched with anger; under the emotion of anger; feeling resentment; enraged; -- followed generally by with before a person, and at before a thing. Be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves. Gen. xlv. 5. Wherefore should God be angry at thy voice Eccles. v. 6. 4. Showing anger; proceeding from anger; acting as if moved by anger; wearing the marks of anger; as, angry words or tones; an angry sky; angry waves. An angry countenance. Prov. xxv. 23. 5. Red. [R.] Sweet rose, whose hue, angry and brave. Herbert. 6. Sharp; keen; stimulated. [R.] I never ate with angrier appetite. Tennyson. Syn. -- Passionate; resentful; irritated; irascible; indignant; provoked; enraged; incensed; exasperated; irate; hot; raging; furious; wrathful; wroth; choleric; inflamed; infuriated.


ANGUIFORM Angui*form, a. Etym: [L. angius snake + -form.] Defn: Snake-shaped.


ANGUILLIFORM An*guilli*form, a. Etym: [L. anguilla eel (dim. of anguis snake) + - form.] Defn: Eel-shaped. Note: The Anguill?formes of Cuvier are fishes related to thee eel.


ANGUINE Anguine, a. Etym: [L. anguinus, fr. anguis snake.] Defn: Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a snake or serpent. The anguine or snakelike reptiles. Owen.


ANGUINEAL An*guine*al, a. Defn: Anguineous.


ANGUINEOUS An*guine*ous, a. Etym: [L. anguineus.] Defn: Snakelike.


ANGUISH Anguish, n. Etym: [OE. anguishe, anguise, angoise, F. angoisse, fr. L. angustia narrowness, difficulty, distress, fr. angustus narrow, difficult, fr. angere to press together. See Anger.] Defn: Extreme pain, either of body or mind; excruciating distress. But they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage. Ex. vi. 9. Anguish as of her that bringeth forth her first child. Jer. iv. 31. Note: Rarely used in the plural: - Ye miserable people, you must go to God in anguishes, and make your prayer to him. Latimer. Syn. -- Agony; pang; torture; torment. See Agony.


ANGUISH Anguish, v. t. Etym: [Cf. F. angoisser, fr. L. angustiare.] Defn: To distress with extreme pain or grief. [R.] Temple.


ANGULAR Angu*lar, a. Etym: [L. angularis, fr. angulus angle, corner. See Angle.] 1. Relating to an angle or to angles; having an angle or angles; forming an angle or corner; sharp-cornered; pointed; as, an angular figure. 2. Measured by an angle; as, angular distance. 3. Fig.: Lean; lank; raw-boned; ungraceful; sharp and stiff in character; as, remarkably angular in his habits and appearance; an angular female. Angular aperture, Angular distance. See Aperture, Distance. -- Angular motion, the motion of a body about a fixed point or fixed axis, as of a planet or pendulum. It is equal to the angle passed over at the point or axis by a line drawn to the body. -- Angular point, the point at which the sides of the angle meet; the vertex. -- Angular velocity, the ratio of anuglar motion to the time employed in describing.


ANGULAR Angu*lar, n. (Anat.) Defn: A bone in the base of the lower jaw of many birds, reptiles, and fishes.


ANGULARITY An`gu*lari*ty, n. Defn: The quality or state of being angular; angularness.


ANGULARLY Angu*lar*ly, adv. Defn: In an angular manner; with of at angles or corners. B. Jonson.


ANGULARNESS Angu*lar*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being angular.


ANGULATE Angu*late, v. t. Defn: To make angular.


ANGULATE; ANGULATED Angu*late, Angu*la`ted, a. Etym: [L. angulatus, p. p. of angulare to make angular.] Defn: Having angles or corners; angled; as, angulate leaves.


ANGULATION An`gu*lation, n. Defn: A making angular; angular formation. Huxley.


ANGULO-DENTATE Angu*lo-dentate(#), a.. Etym: [L. angulus angle + dens, dentis, tooth.] (Bot.) Defn: Angularly toothed, as certain leaves.


ANGULOMETER Angu*lome*ter, n. Etym: [L. angulus angle + -meter.] Defn: An instrument for measuring external angles.


ANGULOSE Angu*lose`, a. Defn: Angulous. [R.]


ANGULOSITY An`gu*losi*ty, n. Defn: A state of being angulous or angular. [Obs.]


ANGULOUS Angu*lous, a. Etym: [L. angulosus: cf. F. anguleux.] Defn: Angular; having corners; hooked. [R.] Held together by hooks and angulous involutions. Glanvill.


ANGUST An*gust, a. Etym: [L. angustus. See Anguish.] Defn: Narrow; strait. [Obs.]


ANGUSTATE An*gustate, a. Etym: [L. angustatus, p. p. of angustare to make narrow.] Defn: Narrowed.


ANGUSTATION An`gus*tation, n. Defn: The act or making narrow; a straitening or contacting. Wiseman.


ANGUSTICLAVE An*gusti*clave (an*gusti*klav), n. [L. angustus narrow + clavus a nail, a stripe.] (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: A narrow stripe of purple worn by the equites on each side of the tunic as a sign of rank.


ANGUSTIFOLIATE; ANGUSTIFOLIOUS An*gus`ti*foli*ate, An*gus`ti*foli*ous, a. Etym: [L. angustus narrow (see Anguish) + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Defn: Having narrow leaves. Wright.


ANGUSTURA BARK An`gus*tura bark`. Defn: See Angostura bark.


ANGWANTIBO An`gwan*tibo, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A small lemuroid mammal (Arctocebus Calabarensis) of Africa. It has only a rudimentary tail.


ANHANG An*hang, v. t. Etym: [AS. onhangian.] Defn: To hang. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ANHARMONIC An`har*monic, a. Etym: [F. anharmonique, fr. Gr. (Math.) Defn: Not harmonic. The anharmonic function or ratio of four points abcd on a straight line is the quantity (ac/ad):(bc/bd), where the segments are to regarded as plus or minus, according to the order of the letters.


ANHELATION An`he*lation, n. Etym: [L. anhelatio, fr. anhelare to pant; an (perh. akin to E. on) + halare to breathe: cf. F. anh?lation.] Defn: Short and rapid breathing; a panting; asthma. Glanvill.


ANHELE An*hele, v. i. Etym: [Cf. OF. aneler, anheler. See Anhelation.] Defn: To pant; to be breathlessly anxious or eager (for). [Obs.] They anhele . . . for the fruit of our convocation. Latimer.


ANHELOSE Anhe*lose, a. Defn: Anhelous; panting. [R.]


ANHELOUS An*helous, a. Etym: [L. anhelus.] Defn: Short of breath; panting.


ANHIMA Anhi*ma, n. Etym: [Brazilian name.] Defn: A South American aquatic bird; the horned screamer or kamichi (Palamedea cornuta). See Kamichi.


ANHINGA An*hinga, n. Etym: [Pg.] (Zo?l.) Defn: An aquatic bird of the southern United States (Platus anhinga); the darter, or snakebird.


ANHISTOUS An*histous, a. Etym: [Gr. anhiste.] (Biol.) Defn: Without definite structure; as, an anhistous membrane.


ANHUNGERED An*hungered, a. Defn: Ahungered; longing. [Archaic]


ANHYDRIDE An*hydride, n. Etym: [See Anhydrous.] (Chem.) Defn: An oxide of a nonmetallic body or an organic radical, capable of forming an acid by uniting with the elements of water; -- so called because it may be formed from an acid by the abstraction of water.


ANHYDRITE An*hydrite, n. Etym: [See Anhydrous.] (Min.) Defn: A mineral of a white a slightly bluish color, usually massive. It is anhydrous sulphate of lime, and differs from gypsum in not containing water (whence the name).


ANHYDROUS An*hydrous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Destitute of water; as, anhydrous salts or acids.


ANI; ANO Ani or Ano, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A black bird of tropical America, the West Indies and Florida (Crotophaga ani), allied to the cuckoos, and remarkable for communistic nesting.


ANICUT; ANNICUT Ani*cut, Anni*cut, n. Etym: [Tamil anai kattu dam building.] Defn: A dam or mole made in the course of a stream for the purpose of regulating the flow of a system of irrigation. [India] Brande & C.


ANIDIOMATIC; ANIDIOMATICAL; UNIDIOMATIC; UNIDIOMATICAL An*id`io*matic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. idiomatical.] Defn: Not idiomatic. [R.] Landor.


ANIENT; ANIENTISE Ani*ent, An`i*entise, v. t. Etym: [OF. anientir, F. an?antir.] Defn: To frustrate; to bring to naught; to annihilate. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ANIGH A*nigh, prep. & adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + nigh.] Defn: Nigh. [Archaic]


ANIGHT; ANIGHTS A*night, A*nights, adv. Etym: [OE. on niht.] Defn: In the night time; at night. [Archaic] Does he hawk anights still Marston.


ANIL Anil, n. Etym: [F. anil, Sp. anil, or Pg. anil; all fr. Ar. an-nil, for al-nil the indigo plant, fr. Skr. nila dark blue, nili indigo, indigo plant. Cf. Lilac.] (Bot.) Defn: A West Indian plant (Indigofera anil), one of the original sources of indigo; also, the indigo dye.

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