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ANDROECIUM An*droeci*um, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (bot.) Defn: The stamens of a flower taken collectively.


ANDROGYNE Andro*gyne, n. 1. An hermaphrodite. 2. (Bot.) Defn: An androgynous plant. Whewell.


ANDROGYNOUS; ANDROGYNAL An*drogy*nous, An*drogy*nal, a. Etym: [L. androgynus, Gr. androgyne.] 1. Uniting both sexes in one, or having the characteristics of both; being in nature both male and female; hermaphroditic. Owen. The truth is, a great mind must be androgynous. Coleridge. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Bearing both staminiferous and pistilliferous flowers in the same cluster.


ANDROGYNY; ANDROGYNISM An*drogy*ny, An*drogy*nism, n. Defn: Union of both sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism.


ANDROID Android, a. Defn: Resembling a man.


ANDROID; ANDROIDES Android, An*droides, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A machine or automaton in the form of a human being.


ANDROMEDA An*drome*da, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. (Astron.) Defn: A northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical Andromeda. 2. (bot.) Defn: A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern climates, of which the original species was found growing on a rock surrounded by water.


ANDROMEDE; ANDROMED Andro*mede, Andro*med, n. (Astron.) Defn: A meteor appearing to radiate from a point in the constellation Andromeda, -- whence the name. A shower of these meteors takes place every year on November 27th or 28th. The Andromedes are also called Bielids, as they are connected with Biela's comet and move in its orbit.


ANDRON Andron, n. Etym: [L. andron, Gr. (Gr. & Rom. Arch.) Defn: The apartment appropriated for the males. This was in the lower part of the house.


ANDROPETALOUS An`dro*petal*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Produced by the conversion of the stamens into petals, as double flowers, like the garden ranunculus. Brande.


ANDROPHAGI An*dropha*gi, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. Defn: Cannibals; man-eaters; anthropophagi. [R.]


ANDROPHAGOUS An*dropha*gous, a. Defn: Anthropophagous.


ANDROPHORE Andro*phore, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Bot.) Defn: A support or column on which stamens are raised. Gray. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: The part which in some Siphonophora bears the male gonophores.


ANDROPOGON An`dro*pogon, n. [NL.; Gr. 'anh`r, 'andro`s, man + pw`gwn the beard.] (Bot.) Defn: A very large and important genus of grasses, found in nearly all parts of the world. It includes the lemon grass of Ceylon and the beard grass, or broom sedge, of the United States. The principal subgenus is Sorghum, including A. sorghum and A. halepensis, from which have been derived the Chinese sugar cane, the Johnson grass, the Aleppo grass, the broom corn, and the durra, or Indian millet. Several East Indian species, as A. nardus and A. schonanthus, yield fragrant oils, used in perfumery.


ANDROSPHINX Andro*sphinx, n. Etym: [Gr. (Egypt. Art.) Defn: A man sphinx; a sphinx having the head of a man and the body of a lion.


ANDROSPORE Andro*spore, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A spore of some alg?, which has male functions.


ANDROTOMOUS An*droto*mous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Having the filaments of the stamens divided into two parts.


ANDROTOMY An*droto*my, n. Etym: [Gr. Anatomy.] Defn: Dissection of the human body, as distinguished from zo?tomy; anthropotomy. [R.]


ANDROUS *androus. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A terminal combining form: Having a stamen or stamens; staminate; as, monandrous, with one stamen; polyandrous, with many stamens.


ANEAR A*near, prep. & adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + near.] Defn: Near. [R.] It did not come anear. Coleridge. The measure of misery anear us. I. Taylor.


ANEAR A*near, v. t. & i. Defn: To near; to approach. [Archaic]


ANEATH A*neath, prep. & adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + neath for beneath.] Defn: Beneath. [Scot.]


ANECDOTAGE Anec*do`tage, n. Defn: Anecdotes collectively; a collection of anecdotes. All history, therefore, being built partly, and some of it altogether, upon anecdotage, must be a tissue of lies. De Quincey.


ANECDOTAL Anec*do`tal, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or abounding with, anecdotes; as, anecdotal conversation.


ANECDOTE Anec*dote, n. Etym: [F. anecdote, fr. Gr. Dose, n.] 1. pl. Defn: Unpublished narratives. Burke. 2. A particular or detached incident or fact of an interesting nature; a biographical incident or fragment; a single passage of private life.


ANECDOTIC; ANECDOTICAL An`ec*dotic, An`ec*dotic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to, consisting of, or addicted to, anecdotes. Anecdotical traditions. Bolingbroke.


ANECDOTIST Anec*dotist, n. Defn: One who relates or collects anecdotes.


ANELACE Ane*lace, n. Defn: Same as Anlace.


ANELE A*nele, v. t. Etym: [OE. anelien; an on + AS. ele oil, L. oleum. See Oil, Anoil.] 1. To anoint. Shipley. 2. To give extreme unction to. [Obs.] R. of Brunne.


ANELECTRIC An`e*lectric, a. Etym: [Gr. electric.] (Physics) Defn: Not becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to idioelectric. -- n. Defn: A substance incapable of being electrified by friction. Faraday.


ANELECTRODE An`e*lectrode, n. Etym: [Gr. electrode.] (Elec.) Defn: The positive pole of a voltaic battery.


ANELECTROTONUS An`e*lec*troto*nus, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. electrotonus.] (Physiol.) Defn: The condition of decreased irritability of a nerve in the region of the positive electrode or anode on the passage of a current of electricity through it. Foster.


ANEMOGRAM A*nemo*gram, n. Etym: [Gr. -gram.] Defn: A record made by an anemograph.


ANEMOGRAPH A*nemo*graph, n. Etym: [Gr. -graph.] Defn: An instrument for measuring and recording the direction and force of the wind. Knight.


ANEMOGRAPHIC A*nem`o*graphic, a. Defn: Produced by an anemograph; of or pertaining to anemography.


ANEMOGRAPHY An`e*mogra*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. -graphy.] 1. A description of the winds. 2. The art of recording the direction and force of the wind, as by means of an anemograph.


ANEMOLOGY An`e*molo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] Defn: The science of the wind.


ANEMOMETER An`e*mome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter.] Defn: An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of the wind; a wind gauge.


ANEMOMETRIC; ANEMOMETRICAL An`e*mo*metric, An`e*mo*metric*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anemometry.


ANEMOMETROGRAPH An`e*mo*metro*graph, n. Etym: [Anemometer + -graph.] Defn: An anemograph. Knight.


ANEMOMETRY An`e*mome*try, n. Defn: The act or process of ascertaining the force or velocity of the wind.


ANEMONE A*nemo*ne, n. Etym: [L. anemone, Gr. 1. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of plants of the Ranunculus or Crowfoot family; windflower. Some of the species are cultivated in gardens. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: The sea anemone. See Actinia, and Sea anemone. Note: This word is sometimes pronounced , especially by classical scholars.


ANEMONIC An`e*monic, a. (Chem.) Defn: An acrid, poisonous, crystallizable substance, obtained from, the anemone, or from anemonin.


ANEMONIN A*nemo*nin, n. (Chem.) Defn: An acrid, poisonous, crystallizable substance, obtained from some species of anemone.


ANEMONY A*nemo*ny, n. Defn: See Anemone. Sandys.


ANEMORPHILOUS An`e*morphi*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Fertilized by the agency of the wind; -- said of plants in which the pollen is carried to the stigma by the wind; wind- Fertilized. Lubbock.


ANEMOSCOPE A*nemo*scope, n. Etym: [Gr. an?moscope.] Defn: An instrument which shows the direction of the wind; a wind vane; a weathercock; -- usually applied to a contrivance consisting of a vane above, connected in the building with a dial or index with pointers to show the changes of the wind.


ANEMOSIS An`e*mosis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. wind.] Defn: A condition in the wood of some trees in which the rings are separated, as some suppose, by the action of high winds upon the trunk; wind shake.


ANENCEPHALIC; ANENCEPHALOUS An*en`ce*phalic, An`en*cepha*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. Encephalon.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Without a brain; brainless. Todd & B.


ANENST; ANENT A*nenst, A*nent, prep. Etym: [OE. anent, anentis, anence, anens, anents, AS. onefen, onemn; an, on, on + efen even, equal; hence meaning, on an equality with, even with, beside. See Even, a.] [Scot. & Prov. Eng.] 1. Over against; as, he lives anent the church. 2. About; concerning; in respect; as, he said nothing anent this particular.


ANENTEROUS An*enter*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Destitute of a stomach or an intestine. Owen.


ANERGIA; ANERGY An*ergi*a, Aner*gy, n. [NL. anergia, fr. Gr. - not + work.] Defn: Lack of energy; inactivity. -- An*ergic (#), a.


ANEROID Ane*roid, a. Etym: [Gr. -oid: cf. F. an?ro?de.] Defn: Containing no liquid; -- said of kind of barometer. Aneroid barometer, a barometer the action of which depends on the varying pressure of the atmosphere upon the elastic top of a metallic box (shaped like a watch) from which the air has been exhausted. An index shows the variation of pressure.


ANEROID Ane*roid, n. Defn: An aneroid barometer.


ANES Anes, adv. Defn: Once. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


ANESTHESIA; ANESTHETIC An`es*thesi*a, n., An`es*thetic, a. Defn: Same as An?sthesia, An?sthetic.


ANET Anet, n. Etym: [F. aneth, fr. L. anethum, Gr. Anise.] Defn: The herb dill, or dillseed.


ANETHOL Ane*thol, n. Etym: [L. anethum (see Anise) + -ol.] (Chem.) Defn: A substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel, etc., in the form of soft shining scales; -- called also anise camphor. Watts.


ANETIC A*netic, a. Etym: [L. aneticus, Gr. (Med.) Defn: Soothing.


ANEURISM Aneu*rism, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: A soft, pulsating, hollow tumor, containing blood, arising from the preternatural dilation or rupture of the coats of an artery. [Written also aneurysm.]


ANEURISMAL An`eu*rismal, a. (Med.) Defn: Of or pertaining to an aneurism; as, an aneurismal tumor; aneurismal diathesis. [Written also aneurysmal.]


ANEW A*new, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + new.] Defn: Over again; another time; in a new form; afresh; as, to arm anew; to create anew. Dryden.


ANFRACTUOSE An*fractu*ose`, a. Etym: [See Anfractuous.] Defn: Anfractuous; as, anfractuose anthers.


ANFRACTUOSITY An*frac`tu*osi*ty, n.; l. Anfractuosities. Etym: [Cf. F. anfractuosit?.] 1. A state of being anfractuous, or full of windings and turnings; sinuosity. The anfractuosities of his intellect and temper. Macaulay. 2. (Anat.) Defn: A sinuous depression or sulcus like those separating the convolutions of the brain.


ANFRACTUOUS An*fractu*ous, a. Etym: [L. anfractuosus, fr. anfractus a turning, a winding, fr. the unused anfringere to wind, bend; an-, for amb- + fractus, p. p. of frangere to break: cf. F. anfractueux.] Defn: Winding; full of windings and turnings; sinuous; tortuous; as, the anfractuous spires of a born. -- An*fractu*ous*ness, n.


ANFRACTURE An*fracture, n. Defn: A mazy winding.


ANGARIATION An*gari*ation, n. Etym: [LL. angariatio, fr. L. angaria service to a lord, villenage, fr. anga, Gr. Defn: Exaction of forced service; compulsion. [Obs.] Speed.


ANGEIOLOGY; ANGEIOTOMY An`gei*olo*gy, n., An`gei*oto*my, etc. Defn: Same as Angiology, Angiotomy, etc.


ANGEL Angel, n. Etym: [AS. ?angel, engel, influenced by OF. angele, angle, F. ange. Both the AS. and the OF. words are from L. angelus, Gr. 1. A messenger. [R.] The dear good angel of the Spring, The nightingale. B. Jonson. 2. A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power and intelligence. In the Scriptures the angels appear as God's messengers. O, welcome, pure-eyed Faith, white-handed Hope, Thou hovering angel, girt with golden wings. Milton. 3. One of a class of fallen angels; an evil spirit; as, the devil and his angels. 4. A minister or pastor of a church, as in the Seven Asiatic churches. [Archaic] Unto-the angel of the church of Ephesus write. Rev. ii. 1. 5. Attendant spirit; genius; demon. Shak. 6. An appellation given to a person supposed to be of angelic goodness or loveliness; a darling. When pain and anguish wring the brow. Sir W. Scott. 7. (Numis.) Defn: An ancient gold coin of England, bearing the figure of the archangel Michael. It varied in value from 6s. 8d. to 10s. Amer. Cyc. Note: Angel is sometimes used adjectively; as, angel grace; angel whiteness. Angel bed, a bed without posts. -- Angel fish. (Zo?l.) (a) A species of shark (Squatina angelus) from six to eight feet long, found on the coasts of Europe and North America. It takes its name from its pectoral fins, which are very large and extend horizontally like wings when spread. (b) One of several species of compressed, bright colored fishes warm seas, belonging to the family, Ch?todontid?. -- Angel gold, standard gold. [Obs.] Fuller. -- Angel shark. See Angel fish. -- Angel shot (Mil.), a kind of chain shot. -- Angel water, a perfumed liquid made at first chiefly from angelica; afterwards containing rose, myrtle, and orange-flower waters, with ambergris, etc. [Obs.]


ANGEL FISH Angel fish. Defn: See under Angel.


ANGELAGE Angel*age, n. Defn: Existence or state of angels.


ANGELET Angel*et, n. Etym: [OF. angelet.] Defn: A small gold coin formerly current in England; a half angel. Eng. Cyc.


ANGELHOOD Angel*hood, n. Defn: The state of being an angel; angelic nature. Mrs. Browning.


ANGELIC An*gelic, a. Etym: [From Angelica.] (Chem.) Defn: Of or derived from angelica; as, angelic acid; angelic ether. Angelic acid, an acid obtained from angelica and some other plants.


ANGELIC; ANGELICAL An*gelic, An*gelic*al, a. Etym: [L. angelicus, Gr. ang?lique.] Defn: Belonging to, or proceeding from, angels; resembling, characteristic of, or partaking of the nature of, an angel; heavenly; divine. Angelic harps. Thomson.Angelical actions. Hooker. The union of womanly tenderness and angelic patience. Macaulay. Angelic Hymn, a very ancient hymn of the Christian Church; -- so called from its beginning with the song of the heavenly host recorded in Luke ii. 14. Eadie.


ANGELICA An*geli*ca, n. Etym: [NL. See Angelic.] (Bot.) 1. An aromatic umbelliferous plant (Archangelica officinalis or Angelica archangelica) the leaf stalks of which are sometimes candied and used in confectionery, and the roots and seeds as an aromatic tonic. 2. The candied leaf stalks of angelica. Angelica tree, a thorny North American shrub (Aralia spinosa), called also Hercules' club.


ANGELICALLY An*gelic*al*ly, adv. Defn: Like an angel.


ANGELICALNESS An*gelic*al*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being angelic; excellence more than human.


ANGELIFY An*geli*fy, v. t. Defn: To make like an angel; to angelize. [Obs.] Farindon (1647).


ANGELIZE Angel*ize, v. t. Defn: To raise to the state of an angel; to render angelic. It ought not to be our object to angelize, nor to brutalize, but to humanize man. W. Taylor.


ANGELLIKE Angel*like`, a. & adv. Defn: Resembling an angel.


ANGELOLATRY An`gel*ola*try, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Worship paid to angels.


ANGELOLOGY An`gel*olo*gy, n. Etym: [L. angelus, Gr. -logy.] Defn: A discourse on angels, or a body of doctrines in regard to angels. The same mythology commanded the general consent; the same angelology, demonology. Milman.


ANGELOPHANY An`gel*opha*ny, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The actual appearance of an angel to man.


ANGELOT Ange*lot, n. Etym: [F. angelot, LL. angelotus, angellotus, dim. of angelus. See Angel.] 1. A French gold coin of the reign of Louis XI., bearing the image of St. Michael; also, a piece coined at Paris by the English under Henry


ANGELUS Ange*lus, n. Etym: [L.] (R. C. Ch.) (a) A form of devotion in which three Ave Marias are repeated. It is said at morning, noon, and evening, at the sound of a bell. (b) The Angelus bell. Shipley.


ANGER Anger, n. Etym: [OE. anger, angre, affliction, anger, fr. Icel. angr affliction, sorrow; akin to Dan. anger regret, Swed. ?nger regret,


ANGER Anger, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Angered; p. pr. & vb. n. Angering.] Etym: [Cf. Icel. angra.] 1. To make painful; to cause to smart; to inflame. [Obs.] He . . . angereth malign ulcers. Bacon. 2. To excite to anger; to enrage; to provoke. Taxes and impositions . . . which rather angered than grieved the people. Clarendon.


ANGERLY Anger*ly, adv. Defn: Angrily. [Obs. or Poetic] Why, how now, Hecate! you look angerly. Shak.


ANGEVINE Ange*vine, a. Etym: [F. Angevin.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Anjou in France. -- n. A native of Anjou.


ANGIENCHYMA An`gi*enchy*ma, n. Etym: [Gr. Parenchyma.] (Bot.) Defn: Vascular tissue of plants, consisting of spiral vessels, dotted, barred, and pitted ducts, and laticiferous vessels.


ANGINA An*gina, n. Etym: [L., fr. angere to strangle, to choke. See Anger, n.] (Med.) Defn: Any inflammatory affection of the throat or faces, as the quinsy, malignant sore throat, croup, etc., especially such as tends to produce suffocation, choking, or shortness of breath. Angina pectoris, a peculiarly painful disease, so named from a sense of suffocating contraction or tightening of the lower part of the chest; -- called also breast pang, spasm of the chest.


ANGINOUS; ANGINOSE Angi*nous, Angi*nose`, a. (Med.) Defn: Pertaining to angina or angina pectoris.


ANGIO- Angi*o-. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A prefix, or combining form, in numerous compounds, usually relating to seed or blood vessels, or to something contained in, or covered by, a vessel.


ANGIOCARPOUS An`gi*o*carpous, a. Etym: [Angio- + Gr. (Bot.) (a) Having fruit inclosed within a covering that does not form a part of itself; as, the filbert covered by its husk, or the acorn seated in its cupule. Brande & C. (b) Having the seeds or spores covered, as in certain lichens. Gray.


ANGIOGRAPHY An`gi*ogra*phy, n. Etym: [Angio- + -graphy: cf. F. angiographie.] (Anat.) Defn: A description of blood vessels and lymphatics.


ANGIOLOGY An`gi*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Angio- + -logy.] (Anat.) Defn: That part of anatomy which treats of blood vessels and lymphatics.


ANGIOMA An`gi*oma, n. Etym: [ + -oma.] (Med.) Defn: A tumor composed chiefly of dilated blood vessels.


ANGIOMONOSPERMOUS An`gi*o*mon`o*spermous, a. Etym: [Angio- + monospermous.] (Bot.) Defn: Producing one seed only in a seed pod.


ANGIONEUROSIS An`gi*o*neu*rosis, n. [NL.; angio- + neurosis.] (Med.) Defn: Any disorder of the vasomotor system; neurosis of a blood vessel. --An`gi*o*neu*rotic (#), a.

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