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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

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ABSOLUTIST

ABSOLUTIST Abso*lu`tist, n. 1. One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government. 2. (Metaph.) Defn: One who believes that it is possible to realize a cognition or concept of the absolute. Sir. W. Hamilton.

ABSOLUTIST

ABSOLUTIST Abso*lu`tist, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary; despotic; as, absolutist principles.

ABSOLUTISTIC

ABSOLUTISTIC Ab`so*lu*tistic, a. Defn: Pertaining to absolutism; absolutist.

ABSOLUTORY

ABSOLUTORY Ab*solu*to*ry, a. Etym: [L. absolutorius, fr. absolvere to absolve.] Defn: Serving to absolve; absolving. An absolutory sentence. Ayliffe.

ABSOLVABLE

ABSOLVABLE Ab*solva*ble, a. Defn: That may be absolved.

ABSOLVATORY

ABSOLVATORY Ab*solva*to*ry, a. Defn: Conferring absolution; absolutory.

ABSOLVE

ABSOLVE Ab*solve (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absolved; p. pr. & vb. n. Absolving.] Etym: [L. absolvere to set free, to absolve; ab + solvere to loose. See Assoil, Solve.] 1. To set free, or release, as from some obligation, debt, or responsibility, or from the consequences of guilt or such ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce free; as, to absolve a subject from his allegiance; to absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and remission of his punishment. Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen. Macaulay. 2. To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); -- said of the sin or guilt. In his name I absolve your perjury. Gibbon. 3. To finish; to accomplish. [Obs.] The work begun, how soon absolved. Milton. 4. To resolve or explain. [Obs.] We shall not absolve the doubt. Sir T. Browne. Syn. -- To Absolve, Exonerate, Acquit. We speak of a man as absolved from something that binds his conscience, or involves the charge of wrongdoing; as, to absolve from allegiance or from the obligation of an oath, or a promise. We speak of a person as exonerated, when he is released from some burden which had rested upon him; as, to exonerate from suspicion, to exonerate from blame or odium. It implies a purely moral acquittal. We speak of a person as acquitted, when a decision has been made in his favor with reference to a specific charge, either by a jury or by disinterested persons; as, he was acquitted of all participation in the crime.

ABSOLVENT

ABSOLVENT Ab*solvent, a. Etym: [L. absolvens, p. pr. of absolvere.] Defn: Absolving. [R.] Carlyle.

ABSOLVENT

ABSOLVENT Ab*solvent, n. Defn: An absolver. [R.] Hobbes.

ABSOLVER

ABSOLVER Ab*solver, n. Defn: One who absolves. Macaulay.

ABSONANT

ABSONANT Abso*nant, a. Etym: [L. ab + sonans, p. pr. of sonare to sound.] Defn: Discordant; contrary; -- opposed to consonant. Absonant to nature. Quarles.

ABSONOUS

ABSONOUS Abso*nous, a. Etym: [L. absonus; ab + sonus sound.] Defn: Discordant; inharmonious; incongruous. [Obs.] Absonous to our reason. Glanvill.

ABSORB

ABSORB Ab*sorb, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absorbed; p. pr. & vb. n. Absorbing.] Etym: [L. absorbere; ab + sorbere to suck in, akin to Gr. absorber.] 1. To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to use up; to include. Dark oblivion soon absorbs them all. Cowper. The large cities absorb the wealth and fashion. W. Irving. 2. To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals of the body. Bacon. 3. To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth. 4. To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular action, as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and electricity are absorbed or taken up in the substances into which they pass. Nichol. p. 8 Syn. -- To Absorb, Engross, Swallow up, Engulf. These words agree in one general idea, that of completely taking up. They are chiefly used in a figurative sense and may be distinguished by a reference to their etymology. We speak of a person as absorbed (lit., drawn in, swallowed up) in study or some other employment of the highest interest. We speak of a person as ebgrossed (lit., seized upon in the gross, or wholly) by something which occupies his whole time and thoughts, as the acquisition of wealth, or the attainment of honor. We speak of a person (under a stronger image) as swallowed up and lost in that which completely occupies his thoughts and feelings, as in grief at the death of a friend, or in the multiplied cares of life. We speak of a person as engulfed in that which (like a gulf) takes in all his hopes and interests; as, engulfed in misery, ruin, etc. That grave question which had begun to absorb the Christian mind -- the marriage of the clergy. Milman. Too long hath love engrossed Britannia's stage, And sunk to softness all our tragic rage. Tickell. Should not the sad occasion swallow up My other cares Addison. And in destruction's river Engulf and swallow those. Sir P. Sidney.

ABSORBABILITY

ABSORBABILITY Ab*sorb`a*bili*ty, n. Defn: The state or quality of being absorbable. Graham (Chemistry).

ABSORBABLE

ABSORBABLE Ab*sorba*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. absorbable.] Defn: Capable of being absorbed or swallowed up. Kerr.

ABSORBEDLY

ABSORBEDLY Ab*sorbed*ly, adv. Defn: In a manner as if wholly engrossed or engaged.

ABSORBENCY

ABSORBENCY Ab*sorben*cy, n. Defn: Absorptiveness.

ABSORBENT

ABSORBENT Ab*sorbent, a. Etym: [L. absorbens, p. pr. of absorbere.] Defn: Absorbing; swallowing; absorptive. Absorbent ground (Paint.), a ground prepared for a picture, chiefly with distemper, or water colors, by which the oil is absorbed, and a brilliancy is imparted to the colors.

ABSORBENT

ABSORBENT Ab*sorbent, n. 1. Anything which absorbs. The ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat. Darwin. 2. (Med.) Defn: Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance e. g., iodine) which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts. 3. pl. (Physiol.) Defn: The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots in plants.

ABSORBER

ABSORBER Ab*sorber, n. Defn: One who, or that which, absorbs.

ABSORBING

ABSORBING Ab*sorbing, a. Defn: Swallowing, engrossing; as, an absorbing pursuit. -- Ab*sorbing, adv.

ABSORBITION

ABSORBITION Ab`sor*bition, n. Defn: Absorption. [Obs.]

ABSORPT

ABSORPT Ab*sorpt`, a. Etym: [L. absorptus, p. p.] Defn: Absorbed. [Arcahic.] Absorpt in care. Pope.

ABSORPTION

ABSORPTION Ab*sorption, n. Etym: [L. absorptio, fr. absorbere. See Absorb.] 1. The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as, the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger. 2. (Chem. & Physics) Defn: An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc. 3. (Physiol.) Defn: In living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs. 4. Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as, absorption in some employment.

ABSORPTIVE

ABSORPTIVE Ab*sorptive, a. Defn: Having power, capacity, or tendency to absorb or imbibe. E. Darwin.

ABSORPTIVENESS

ABSORPTIVENESS Ab*sorptive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being absorptive; absorptive power.

ABSORPTIVITY

ABSORPTIVITY Ab`sorp*tivi*ty, n. Defn: Absorptiveness.

ABSQUATULATE

ABSQUATULATE Ab*squatu*late, v. i. Defn: To take one's self off; to decamp. [A jocular word. U. S.]

ABSQUE HOC

ABSQUE HOC Absque hoc Defn: . Etym: [L., without this.] (Law) The technical words of denial used in traversing what has been alleged, and is repeated.

ABSTAIN

ABSTAIN Ab*stain, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abstained; p. pr. & vb. n. Abstaining.] Etym: [OE. absteynen, abstenen, OF. astenir, abstenir, F. abstenir, fr. L. abstinere, abstentum, v. t. & v. i., to keep from; ab, abs + tenere to hold. See Tenable.] Defn: To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily, and especially from an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with from. Not a few abstained from voting. Macaulay. Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt Shak. Syn. -- To refrain; forbear; withhold; deny one's self; give up; relinquish.

ABSTAIN

ABSTAIN Ab*stain, v. t. Defn: To hinder; to withhold. Whether he abstain men from marrying. Milton.

ABSTAINER

ABSTAINER Ab*stainer, n. Defn: One who abstains; esp., one who abstains from the use of intoxicating liquors.

ABSTEMIOUS

ABSTEMIOUS Ab*stemi*ous, a. Etym: [L. abstemius; ab, abs + root of temetum intoxicating drink.] 1. Abstaining from wine. [Orig. Latin sense.] Under his special eye Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain. Milton. 2. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious. Arbuthnot. 3. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation; as, an abstemious diet. Gibbon. 4. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life. One abstemious day. Pope. 5. Promotive of abstemiousness. [R.] Such is the virtue of the abstemious well. Dryden.

ABSTEMIOUSNESS

ABSTEMIOUSNESS Ab*stemi*ous*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being abstemious, temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks. It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance.

ABSTENTION

ABSTENTION Ab*stention, a. Etym: [F. See Abstain.] Defn: The act of abstaining; a holding aloof. Jer. Taylor.

ABSTENTIOUS

ABSTENTIOUS Ab*stentious, a. Defn: Characterized by abstinence; self-restraining. Farrar.

ABSTERGE

ABSTERGE Ab*sterge, v. t. Etym: [L. abstergere, abstersum; ab, abs + tergere to wipe. Cf. F absterger.] Defn: To make clean by wiping; to wipe away; to cleanse; hence, to purge. [R.] Quincy.

ABSTERGENT

ABSTERGENT Ab*stergent, a. Etym: [L. abstergens, p. pr. of abstergere.] Defn: Serving to cleanse, detergent.

ABSTERGENT

ABSTERGENT Ab*stergent, n. Defn: A substance used in cleansing; a detergent; as, soap is an abstergent.

ABSTERSE

ABSTERSE Ab*sterse, v. t. Defn: To absterge; to cleanse; to purge away. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

ABSTERSION

ABSTERSION Ab*stersion, n. Etym: [F. abstersion. See Absterge.] Defn: Act of wiping clean; a cleansing; a purging. The task of ablution and abstersion being performed. Sir W. Scott.

ABSTERSIVE

ABSTERSIVE Ab*stersive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. abstersif. See Absterge.] Defn: Cleansing; purging. Bacon.

ABSTERSIVE

ABSTERSIVE Ab*stersive, n. Defn: Something cleansing. The strong abstersive of some heroic magistrate. Milton.

ABSTERSIVENESS

ABSTERSIVENESS Ab*stersive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being abstersive. Fuller.

ABSTINENCE

ABSTINENCE Absti*nence, n. Etym: [F. abstinence, L. abstinentia, fr. abstinere. See Abstain.] 1. The act or practice of abstaining; voluntary forbearance of any action, especially the refraining from an indulgence of appetite, or from customary gratifications of animal or sensual propensities. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating beverages, -- called also total abstinence. The abstinence from a present pleasure that offers itself is a pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one. Locke. 2. The practice of self-denial by depriving one's self of certain kinds of food or drink, especially of meat. Penance, fasts, and abstinence, To punish bodies for the soul's offense. Dryden.

ABSTINENCY

ABSTINENCY Absti*nen*cy, n. Defn: Abstinence. [R.]

ABSTINENT

ABSTINENT Absti*nent, a. Etym: [F. abstinent, L. abstinens, p. pr. of abstinere. See Abstain.] Defn: Refraining from indulgence, especially from the indulgence of appetite; abstemious; continent; temperate. Beau. & Fl.

ABSTINENT

ABSTINENT Absti*nent, n. 1. One who abstains. 2. (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: One of a sect who appeared in France and Spain in the 3d century.

ABSTINENTLY

ABSTINENTLY Absti*nent*ly, adv. Defn: With abstinence.

ABSTORTED

ABSTORTED Ab*storted, a. Etym: [As if fr. abstort, fr. L. ab, abs + tortus, p. p. of torquere to twist.] Defn: Wrested away. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Abstract` (#; 277), a. Etym: [L. abstractus, p. p. of abstrahere to draw from, separate; ab, abs + trahere to draw. See Trace.] 1. Withdraw; separate. [Obs.] The more abstract . . . we are from the body. Norris. 2. Considered apart from any application to a particular object; separated from matter; exiting in the mind only; as, abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse; difficult. 3. (Logic) (a) Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to Ant: concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word. J. S. Mill. (b) Resulting from the mental faculty of abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, reptile is an abstract or general name. Locke. A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example, of applying the expression abstract name to all names which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead of confining it to the names of attributes. J. S. Mill. 4. Abstracted; absent in mind. Abstract, as in a trance. Milton. An abstract idea (Metaph.), an idea separated from a complex object, or from other ideas which naturally accompany it; as the solidity of marble when contemplated apart from its color or figure. -- Abstract terms, those which express abstract ideas, as beauty, whiteness, roundness, without regarding any object in which they exist; or abstract terms are the names of orders, genera or species of things, in which there is a combination of similar qualities. -- Abstract numbers (Math.), numbers used without application to things, as 6, 8, 10; but when applied to any thing, as 6 feet, 10 men, they become concrete. -- Abstract or Pure mathematics. See Mathematics.

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ab*stract, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abstracted; p. pr. & vb. n. Abstracting.] Etym: [See Abstract, a.] 1. To withdraw; to separate; to take away. He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution abstracted from his own prejudices. Sir W. Scott. 2. To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his was wholly abstracted by other objects. The young stranger had been abstracted and silent. Blackw. Mag. 3. To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality or attribute. Whately. 4. To epitomize; to abridge. Franklin. 5. To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till. Von Rosen had quietly abstracted the bearing-reins from the harness. W. Black. 6. (Chem.) Defn: To separate, as the more volatile or soluble parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ab*stract, v. t. Defn: To perform the process of abstraction. [R.] I own myself able to abstract in one sense. Berkeley.

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Abstract`, n. Etym: [See Abstract, a.] 1. That which comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a statement; a brief. An abstract of every treatise he had read. Watts. Man, the abstract Of all perfection, which the workmanship Of Heaven hath modeled. Ford. 2. A state of separation from other things; as, to consider a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated things. 3. An abstract term. The concretes father and son have, or might have, the abstracts paternity and filiety. J. S. Mill. 4. (Med.) Defn: A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of the abstract represents two parts of the original substance. Abstract of title (Law), an epitome of the evidences of ownership. Syn. -- Abridgment; compendium; epitome; synopsis. See Abridgment.

ABSTRACTED

ABSTRACTED Ab*stracted, a. 1. Separated or disconnected; withdrawn; removed; apart. The evil abstracted stood from his own evil. Milton. 2. Separated from matter; abstract; ideal. [Obs.] 3. Abstract; abstruse; difficult. [Obs.] Johnson. 4. Inattentive to surrounding objects; absent in mind. An abstracted scholar. Johnson.

ABSTRACTEDLY

ABSTRACTEDLY Ab*stracted*ly, adv. Defn: In an abstracted manner; separately; with absence of mind.

ABSTRACTEDNESS

ABSTRACTEDNESS Ab*stracted*ness, n. Defn: The state of being abstracted; abstract character.

ABSTRACTER

ABSTRACTER Ab*stracter, n. Defn: One who abstracts, or makes an abstract.

ABSTRACTION

ABSTRACTION Ab*straction, n. Etym: [Cf. F. abstraction. See Abstract, a.] 1. The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or the state of being withdrawn; withdrawal. A wrongful abstraction of wealth from certain members of the community. J. S. Mill. 2. (Metaph.) Defn: The act process of leaving out of consideration one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the form of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as separate from their size or figure, the act is called abstraction. So, also, when it considers whiteness, softness, virtue, existence, as separate from any particular objects. Note: Abstraction is necessary to classification, by which things are arranged in genera and species. We separate in idea the qualities of certain objects, which are of the same kind, from others which are different, in each, and arrange the objects having the same properties in a class, or collected body. Abstraction is no positive act: it is simply the negative of attention. Sir W. Hamilton. 3. An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature; as, to fight for mere abstractions. 4. A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a hermit's abstraction. 5. Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present objects. 6. The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the property of another; purloining. [Modern] 7. (Chem.) Defn: A separation of volatile parts by the act of distillation. Nicholson.

ABSTRACTIONAL

ABSTRACTIONAL Ab*straction*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to abstraction.

ABSTRACTIONIST

ABSTRACTIONIST Ab*straction*ist, n. Defn: An idealist. Emerson.

ABSTRACTITIOUS

ABSTRACTITIOUS Ab`strac*titious, a. Defn: Obtained from plants by distillation. [Obs.] Crabb.

ABSTRACTIVE

ABSTRACTIVE Ab*stractive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. abstractif.] Defn: Having the power of abstracting; of an abstracting nature. The abstractive faculty. I. Taylor.

ABSTRACTIVELY

ABSTRACTIVELY Ab*stractive*ly, adv. Defn: In a abstract manner; separately; in or by itself. Feltham.

ABSTRACTIVENESS

ABSTRACTIVENESS Ab*stractive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being abstractive; abstractive property.

ABSTRACTLY

ABSTRACTLY Abstract`ly (#; 277), adv. Defn: In an abstract state or manner; separately; absolutely; by itself; as, matter abstractly considered.

ABSTRACTNESS

ABSTRACTNESS Abstract`ness, n. Defn: The quality of being abstract. The abstractness of the ideas. Locke.

ABSTRINGE

ABSTRINGE Ab*stringe, v. t. Etym: [L ab + stringere, strictum, to press together.] Defn: To unbind. [Obs.] Bailey.

ABSTRUDE

ABSTRUDE Ab*strude, v. t. Etym: [L. abstrudere. See Abstruse.] Defn: To thrust away. [Obs.] Johnson.

ABSTRUSE

ABSTRUSE Ab*struse, a. Etym: [L. abstrusus, p. p. of abstrudere to thrust away, conceal; ab, abs + trudere to thrust; cf. F. abstrus. See Threat.] 1. Concealed or hidden out of the way. [Obs.] The eternal eye whose sight discerns Abstrusest thoughts. Milton. 2. Remote from apprehension; difficult to be comprehended or understood; recondite; as, abstruse learning. Profound and abstruse topics. Milman.

ABSTRUSELY

ABSTRUSELY Ab*strusely, adv. Defn: In an abstruse manner.

ABSTRUSENESS

ABSTRUSENESS Ab*struseness, n. Defn: The quality of being abstruse; difficulty of apprehension. Boyle.

ABSTRUSION

ABSTRUSION Ab*strusion, n. Etym: [L. abstrusio. See Abstruse.] Defn: The act of thrusting away. [R.] Ogilvie.

ABSTRUSITY

ABSTRUSITY Ab*strusi*ty, n. Defn: Abstruseness; that which is abstruse. [R.] Sir T. Browne.

ABSUME

ABSUME Ab*sume, v. t. Etym: [L. absumere, absumptum; ab + sumere to take.] Defn: To consume gradually; to waste away. [Obs.] Boyle.

ABSUMPTION

ABSUMPTION Ab*sumption (#; 215), n. Etym: [L. absumptio. See Absume.] Defn: Act of wasting away; a consuming; extinction. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.

ABSURD

ABSURD Ab*surd, a. Etym: [L. absurdus harsh-sounding; ab + (prob) a derivative fr. a root svar to sound; not connected with surd: cf. F. absurde. See Syringe.] Defn: Contrary to reason or propriety; obviously and fiatly opposed to manifest truth; inconsistent with the plain dictates of common sense; logically contradictory; nonsensical; ridiculous; as, an absurd person, an absurd opinion; an absurd dream. This proffer is absurd and reasonless. Shak. 'This phrase absurd to call a villain great. Pope. p. 9 Syn. -- Foolish; irrational; ridiculous; preposterous; inconsistent; incongruous. -- Absurd, Irrational, Foolish, Preposterous. Of these terms, irrational is the weakest, denoting that which is plainly inconsistent with the dictates of sound reason; as, an irrational course of life. Foolish rises higher, and implies either a perversion of that faculty, or an absolute weakness or fatuity of mind; as, foolish enterprises. Absurd rises still higher, denoting that which is plainly opposed to received notions of propriety and truth; as, an absurd man, project, opinion, story, argument, etc. Preposterous rises still higher, and supposes an absolute inversion in the order of things; or, in plain terms, a putting of the cart before the horse; as, a preposterous suggestion, preposterous conduct, a preposterous regulation or law.

ABSURD

ABSURD Ab*surd, n. Defn: An absurdity. [Obs.] Pope.

ABSURDITY

ABSURDITY Ab*surdi*ty, n.; pl. Absurdities. Etym: [L. absurditas: cf. F. absurdite.] 1. The quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment. The absurdity of the actual idea of an infinite number. Locke. 2. That which is absurd; an absurd action; a logical contradiction. His travels were full of absurdities. Johnson.

ABSURDLY

ABSURDLY Ab*surdly, adv. Defn: In an absurd manner.

ABSURDNESS

ABSURDNESS Ab*surdness, n. Defn: Absurdity. [R.]

ABUNA

ABUNA A*buna, n. Etym: [Eth. and Ar., our father.] Defn: The Patriarch, or head of the Abyssinian Church.

ABUNDANCE

ABUNDANCE A*bundance, n. Etym: [OE. (h)abudaunce, abundance, F. abundance, F. abondance, L. abundantia, fr. abundare. See Abound.] Defn: An overflowing fullness; ample sufficiency; great plenty; profusion; copious supply; superfluity; wealth: -- strictly applicable to quantity only, but sometimes used of number. It is lamentable to remember what abundance of noble blood hath been shed with small benefit to the Christian state. Raleigh. Syn. -- Exuberance; plenteousness; plenty; copiousness; overflow; riches; affluence; wealth. -- Abundance, Plenty, Exuberance. These words rise upon each other in expressing the idea of fullness. Plenty denotes a sufficiency to supply every want; as, plenty of food, plenty of money, etc. Abundance express more, and gives the idea of superfluity or excess; as, abundance of riches, an abundance of wit and humor; often, however, it only denotes plenty in a high degree. Exuberance rises still higher, and implies a bursting forth on every side, producing great superfluity or redundance; as, an exuberance of mirth, an exuberance of animal spirits, etc.

ABUNDANT

ABUNDANT A*bundant, a. Etym: [OE. (h)abundant, aboundant, F. abondant, fr. L. abudans, p. pr. of abundare. See Abound.] Defn: Fully sufficient; plentiful; in copious supply; -- followed by in, rarely by with. Abundant in goodness and truth. Exod. xxxiv. 6. Abundant number (Math.), a number, the sum of whose aliquot parts exceeds the number itself. Thus, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, the aliquot parts of 12, make the number 16. This is opposed to a deficient number, as 14, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2, 7, the sum of which is 10; and to a perfect number, which is equal to the sum of its aliquot parts, as 6, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2., 3. Syn. -- Ample; plentiful; copious; plenteous; exuberant; overflowing; rich; teeming; profuse; bountiful; liberal. See Ample.

ABUNDANTLY

ABUNDANTLY A*bundant*ly, adv. Defn: In a sufficient degree; fully; amply; plentifully; in large measure.

ABURST

ABURST A*burst, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + burst.] Defn: In a bursting condition.

ABUSABLE

ABUSABLE A*busa*ble, a. Defn: That may be abused.

ABUSAGE

ABUSAGE A*busage, n. Defn: Abuse. [Obs.] Whately (1634).

ABUSE

ABUSE A*buse, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abused; p. pr. & vb. n. Abusing.] Etym: [F. abuser; L. abusus, p. p. of abuti to abuse, misuse; ab + uti to use. See Use.] 1. To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use; to use for a wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to abuse inherited gold; to make an excessive use of; as, to abuse one's authority. This principle (if one may so abuse the word) shoots rapidly into popularity. Froude. 2. To use ill; to maltreat; to act injuriously to; to punish or to tax excessively; to hurt; as, to abuse prisoners, to abuse one's powers, one's patience. 3. To revile; to reproach coarsely; to disparage. The . . . tellers of news abused the general. Macaulay. 4. To dishonor. Shall flight abuse your name Shak. 5. To violate; to ravish. Spenser. 6. To deceive; to impose on. [Obs.] Their eyes red and staring, cozened with a moist cloud, and abused by a double object. Jer. Taylor. Syn. -- To maltreat; injure; revile; reproach; vilify; vituperate; asperse; traduce; malign.

ABUSE

ABUSE A*buse, n. Etym: [F. abus, L. abusus, fr. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.] 1. Improper treatment or use; application to a wrong or bad purpose; misuse; as, an abuse of our natural powers; an abuse of civil rights, or of privileges or advantages; an abuse of language. Liberty may be endangered by the abuses of liberty, as well as by the abuses of power. Madison. 2. Physical ill treatment; injury. Rejoice . . . at the abuse of Falstaff. Shak. 3. A corrupt practice or custom; offense; crime; fault; as, the abuses in the civil service. Abuse after disappeared without a struggle.. Macaulay. 4. Vituperative words; coarse, insulting speech; abusive language; virulent condemnation; reviling. The two parties, after exchanging a good deal of abuse, came to blows. Macaulay. 5. Violation; rape; as, abuse of a female child. [Obs.] Or is it some abuse, and no such thing Shak. Abuse of distress (Law), a wrongful using of an animal or chattel distrained, by the distrainer. Syn. -- Invective; contumely; reproach; scurrility; insult; opprobrium. -- Abuse, Invective. Abuse is generally prompted by anger, and vented in harsh and unseemly words. It is more personal and coarse than invective. Abuse generally takes place in private quarrels; invective in writing or public discussions. Invective may be conveyed in refined language and dictated by indignation against what is blameworthy. C. J. Smith.

ABUSEFUL

ABUSEFUL A*buseful, a. Defn: Full of abuse; abusive. [R.] Abuseful names. Bp. Barlow.

ABUSER

ABUSER A*buser, n. Defn: One who abuses [in the various senses of the verb].

ABUSION

ABUSION A*busion, n. Etym: [OE. abusion, abusioun, OF. abusion, fr. L. abusio misuse of words, f. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.] Defn: Evil or corrupt usage; abuse; wrong; reproach; deception; cheat. Chaucer.

ABUSIVE

ABUSIVE A*busive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. abusif, fr. L. abusivus.] 1. Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied. I am . . . necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly, according to the abusive acceptation thereof. Fuller. 2. Given to misusing; also, full of abuses. [Archaic] The abusive prerogatives of his see. Hallam. 3. Practicing abuse; prone to ill treat by coarse, insulting words or by other ill usage; as, an abusive author; an abusive fellow. 4. Containing abuse, or serving as the instrument of abuse; vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. An abusive lampoon. Johnson. 5. Tending to deceive; fraudulent; cheating. [Obs.] An abusive treaty. Bacon. Syn. -- Reproachful; scurrilous; opprobrious; insolent; insulting; injurious; offensive; reviling.

ABUSIVELY

ABUSIVELY A*busive*ly, adv. Defn: In an abusive manner; rudely; with abusive language.

ABUSIVENESS

ABUSIVENESS A*busive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being abusive; rudeness of language, or violence to the person. Pick out mirth, like stones out of thy ground, Profaneness, filthiness, abusiveness. Herbert.

ABUT

ABUT A*but, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abutted; p. pr. & vb. n. Abutting.] Etym: [OF. abouter, aboter; cf. F. aboutir, and also abuter; a (L. ad) +

ABUTILON

ABUTILON A*buti*lon, n. Etym: [Ar. aubutilun.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of malvaceous plants of many species, found in the torrid and temperate zones of both continents; -- called also Indian mallow.

ABUTMENT

ABUTMENT A*butment, n. 1. State of abutting. 2. That on or against which a body abuts or presses; as (a) (Arch.) The solid part of a pier or wall, etc., which receives the thrust or lateral pressure of an arch, vault, or strut. Gwilt. (b) (mech.) A fixed point or surface from which resistance or reaction is obtained, as the cylinder head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc. (c) In breech-loading firearms, the block behind the barrel which receives the pressure due to recoil.

ABUTTAL

ABUTTAL A*buttal, n. Defn: The butting or boundary of land, particularly at the end; a headland. Spelman.

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