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ANASTIGMATIC An*as`tig*matic, a. [Pref. an-not + astigmatic.] (Optics) Defn: Not astigmatic; --said esp. of a lens system which consists of a converging lens and a diverging lens of equal and opposite astigmatism but different focal lengths, and sensibly free from astigmatism.


ANASTOMOSE A*nasto*mose, v. i. [imp. p. p. Anastomozed; p. pr. Anastomosing.] Etym: [Cf. F. anastomoser, fr. anastomose. See Anastomosis.] (Anat. & Bot.) Defn: To inosculate; to intercommunicate by anastomosis, as the arteries and veins. The ribbing of the leaf, and the anastomosing network of its vessels. I. Taylor.


ANASTOMOSIS A*nas`to*mosis, n.; pl. Anastomoses. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. anastomose.] (Anat. & Bot.) Defn: The inosculation of vessels, or intercommunication between two or more vessels or nerves, as the cross communication between arteries or veins.


ANASTOMOTIC A*nas`to*motic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anastomosis.


ANASTROPHE A*nastro*phe, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet. & Gram.) Defn: An inversion of the natural order of words; as, echoed the hills, for, the hills echoed.


ANATHEMA A*nathe*ma, n.; pl. Anathemas. Etym: [L. anath, fr. Gr. anath, fr. Gr. Thesis.] 1. A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by excommunication. Hence: Denunciation of anything as accursed. [They] denounce anathemas against unbelievers. Priestley. 2. An imprecation; a curse; a malediction. Finally she fled to London followed by the anathemas of both [families]. Thackeray. 3. Any person or thing anathematized, or cursed by ecclesiastical authority. The Jewish nation were an anathema destined to destruction. St. Paul . . . says he could wish, to save them from it, to become an anathema, and be destroyed himself. Locke. Anathema Maranatha Etym: (see 1 Cor. xvi. 22), an expression commonly considered as a highly intensified form of anathema. Maran atha is now considered as a separate sentence, meaning, Our Lord cometh.


ANATHEMATIC; ANATHEMATICAL A*nath`e*matic, A*nath`e*matic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an anathema. -- A*nath`e*matic*al*ly, adv.


ANATHEMATISM A*nathe*ma*tism, n. Etym: [Gr. anath?matisme.] Defn: Anathematization. [Obs.] We find a law of Justinian forbidding anathematisms to be pronounced against the Jewish Hellenists. J. Taylor.


ANATHEMATIZATION A*nath`e*ma*ti*zation, n. Etym: [LL. anathematisatio.] Defn: The act of anathematizing, or denouncing as accursed; imprecation. Barrow.


ANATHEMATIZE A*nathe*ma*tize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anathematized; p. pr. & vb. n. Anathematizing.] Etym: [L. anathematizare, Gr. anath?matiser.] Defn: To pronounce an anathema against; to curse. Hence: To condemn publicly as something accursed. Milton.


ANATHEMATIZER A*nathe*ma*ti`zer, n. Defn: One who pronounces an anathema. Hammond.


ANATIFA A*nati*fa, n.; pl. Anatif?. Etym: [NL., contr. fr. anatifera. See Anatiferous.] (Zo?l.) Defn: An animal of the barnacle tribe, of the genus Lepas, having a fleshy stem or peduncle; a goose barnacle. See Cirripedia. Note: The term Anatif?, in the plural, is often used for the whole group of pedunculated cirripeds.


ANATIFER A*nati*fer,, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: Same as Anatifa.


ANATIFEROUS An`a*tifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. anas, anatis, a duck + -ferous.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Producing ducks; -- applied to Anatif?, under the absurd notion of their turning into ducks or geese. See Barnacle.


ANATINE Ana*tine, a. Etym: [L. anatinus, fr. anas, anatis, a duck.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the ducks; ducklike.


ANATOCISM A*nato*cism, n. Etym: [L. anatocismus, Gr. (Law) Defn: Compound interest. [R.] Bouvier.


ANATOMIC; ANATOMICAL An`a*tomic, An`a*tomic*al, a. Etym: [L. anatomicus, Gr. anatomique. See Anatomy.] Defn: Of or relating to anatomy or dissection; as, the anatomic art; anatomical observations. Hume.


ANATOMICALLY An`a*tomic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an anatomical manner; by means of dissection.


ANATOMISM A*nato*mism, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anatomisme.] 1. The application of the principles of anatomy, as in art. The stretched and vivid anatomism of their [i. e., the French] great figure painters. The London Spectator. 2. The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all the phenomena of the organism or of animal life.


ANATOMIST A*nato*mist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anatomiste.] Defn: One who is skilled in the art of anatomy, or dissection.


ANATOMIZATION A*nat`o*mi*zation, n. Defn: The act of anatomizing.


ANATOMIZE A*nato*mize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anatomized; p. pr. & vb. n. Anatomizing.] Etym: [Cf. F. anatomiser.] 1. To dissect; to cut in pieces, as an animal vegetable body, for the purpose of displaying or examining the structure and use of the several parts. 2. To discriminate minutely or carefully; to analyze. If we anatomize all other reasonings of this nature, we shall find that they are founded on the relation of cause and effect. Hume.


ANATOMIZER A*nato*mi`zer, n. Defn: A dissector.


ANATOMY A*nato*my, n.; pl. Anatomies. Etym: [F. anatomie, L. anatomia, Gr. 1. The art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their situation, structure, and economy; dissection. 2. The science which treats of the structure of organic bodies; anatomical structure or organization. Let the muscles be well inserted and bound together, according to the knowledge of them which is given us by anatomy. Dryden. Note: Animal anatomy is sometimes called zomy; vegetable anatomy, phytotomy; human anatomy, anthropotomy. Comparative anatomy compares the structure of different kinds and classes of animals. 3. A treatise or book on anatomy. 4. The act of dividing anything, corporeal or intellectual, for the purpose of examining its parts; analysis; as, the anatomy of a discourse. 5. A skeleton; anything anatomized or dissected, or which has the appearance of being so. The anatomy of a little child, representing all parts thereof, is accounted a greater rarity than the skeleton of a man in full stature. Fuller. They brought one Pinch, a hungry, lean-faced villain, A mere anatomy. Shak.


ANATREPTIC An`a*treptic, a. Etym: [overturning, fr. Defn: Overthrowing; defeating; -- applied to Plato's refutative dialogues. Enfield.


ANATRON Ana*tron, n. Etym: [F. anatron, natron, Sp. anatron, natron, fr. Ar. al-natr. See Natron, Niter.] [Obs.] 1. Native carbonate of soda; natron. 2. Glass gall or sandiver. 3. Saltpeter. Coxe. Johnson.


ANATROPAL; ANATROPOUS A*natro*pal, A*natro*pous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having the ovule inverted at an early period in its development, so that the chalaza is as the apparent apex; -- opposed to orthotropous. Gray.


ANATTO A*natto, n. Defn: Same as Annotto.


ANBURY; AMBURY Anbur*y, Ambur*y, n. Etym: [AS. ampre, ompre, a crooked swelling vein: cf. Prov. E. amper a tumor with inflammation. Cf. the first syllable in agnail, and berry a fruit.] 1. (Far.) Defn: A soft tumor or bloody wart on horses or oxen. 2. A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; -- called also fingers and toes.


ANCE *ance. Etym: [F. -ance, fr. L. -antia and also fr. -entia.] Defn: A suffix signifying action; also, quality or state; as, assistance, resistance, appearance, elegance. See -ancy. Note: All recently adopted words of this class take either -ance or - ence, according to the Latin spelling. -ANCE -ance. [F. -ance, fr. L. -antia and also fr. -entia.] Defn: A suffix signifying action; also, quality or state; as, assistance, resistance, appearance, elegance. See -ancy. All recently adopted words of this class take either -ance or -ence, according to the Latin spelling.


ANCESTOR Ances*tor, n. Etym: [OE. ancestre, auncestre, also ancessour; the first forms fr. OF. ancestre, F. anc?tre, fr. the L. nom. antessor one who goes before; the last form fr. OF. ancessor, fr. L. acc. antecessorem, fr. antecedere to go before; ante before + cedere to go. See Cede, and cf. Antecessor.] 1. One from whom a person is descended, whether on the father's or mother's side, at any distance of time; a progenitor; a fore father. 2. (Biol.) Defn: An earlier type; a progenitor; as, this fossil animal is regarded as the ancestor of the horse. 3. (Law) Defn: One from whom an estate has descended; -- the correlative of heir.


ANCESTORIAL An`ces*tori*al, a. Defn: Ancestral. Grote.


ANCESTORIALLY An`ces*tori*al*ly, adv. Defn: With regard to ancestors.


ANCESTRAL An*cestral, a. Defn: Of, pertaining to, derived from, or possessed by, an ancestor or ancestors; as, an ancestral estate. Ancestral trees. Hemans.


ANCESTRESS Ances*tress, n. Defn: A female ancestor.


ANCESTRY Ances*try, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. ancesserie. See Ancestor.] 1. Condition as to ancestors; ancestral lineage; hence, birth or honorable descent. Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious, but an ill one more contemptible. Addison. 2. A series of ancestors or progenitors; lineage, or those who compose the line of natural descent.


ANCHOR Anchor, n. Etym: [OE. anker, AS. ancor, oncer, L. ancora, sometimes spelt anchora, fr. Gr. angle: cf. F. ancre. See Angle, n.] 1. A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the ship in a particular station. Note: The common anchor consists of a straight bar called a shank, having at one end a transverse bar called a stock, above which is a ring for the cable, and at the other end the crown, from which branch out two or more arms with flukes, forming with the shank a suitable angle to enter the ground. Note: Formerly the largest and strongest anchor was the sheet anchor (hence, Fig., best hope or last refuge), called also waist anchor. Now the bower and the sheet anchor are usually alike. Then came the best bower and the small bower (so called from being carried on the bows). The stream anchor is one fourth the weight of the bower anchor. Kedges or kedge anchors are light anchors used in warping. 2. Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that of a ship's anchor, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold the core of a mold in place. 3. Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on which we place dependence for safety. Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul. Heb. vi. 19. 4. (Her.) Defn: An emblem of hope. 5. (Arch.) (a) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building together. (b) Carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor or arrowhead; -- a part of the ornaments of certain moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or egg-and-anchor (called also egg-and-dart, egg-and-tongue) ornament. 6. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the anchor-shaped spicules of certain sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain Holothurians, as in species of Synapta. Anchor ice. See under Ice. -- Anchor ring. (Math.) Same as Annulus, 2 (b). -- Anchor stock (Naut.), the crossbar at the top of the shank at right angles to the arms. -- The anchor comes home, when it drags over the bottom as the ship drifts. -- Foul anchor, the anchor when it hooks, or is entangled with, another anchor, or with a cable or wreck, or when the slack cable entangled. -- The anchor is acockbill, when it is suspended perpendicularly from the cathead, ready to be let go. -- The anchor is apeak, when the cable is drawn in do tight as to bring to ship directly over it. -- The anchor is atrip, or aweigh, when it is lifted out of the ground. -- The anchor is awash, when it is hove up to the surface of the water. -- At anchor, anchored. -- To back an anchor, to increase the holding power by laying down a small anchor ahead of that by which the ship rides, with the cable fastened to the crown of the latter to prevent its coming home. -- To cast anchor, to drop or let go an anchor to keep a ship at rest. -- To cat the anchor, to hoist the anchor to the cathead and pass the ring-stopper. -- To fish the anchor, to hoist the flukes to their resting place (called the bill-boards), and pass the shank painter. -- To weigh anchor, to heave or raise the anchor so as to sail away.


ANCHOR Anchor, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Anchored; p. pr. & vb. n. Anchoring.] Etym: [Cf. F. ancrer.] 1. To place at anchor; to secure by an anchor; as, to anchor a ship. 2. To fix or fasten; to fix in a stable condition; as, to anchor the cables of a suspension bridge. Till that my nails were anchored in thine eyes. Shak.


ANCHOR Anchor, v. i. 1. To cast anchor; to come to anchor; as, our ship (or the captain) anchored in the stream. 2. To stop; to fix or rest. My invention . . . anchors on Isabel. Shak.


ANCHOR Anchor, n. Etym: [OE. anker, ancre, AS. ancra, fr. L. anachoreta. See Anchoret.] Defn: An anchoret. [Obs.] Shak.


ANCHOR ESCAPEMENT Anchor es*capement. (Horol.) (a) The common recoil escapement. (b) A variety of the lever escapement with a wide impulse pin.


ANCHOR LIGHT Anchor light. (Naut.) Defn: The lantern shown at night by a vessel at anchor. International rules of the road require vessels at anchor to carry from sunset to sunrise a single white light forward if under 150 feet in length, and if longer, two such lights, one near the stern and one forward.


ANCHOR SHOT Anchor shot. (Billiards) Defn: A shot made with the object balls in an anchor space.


ANCHOR SPACE Anchor space. (Billiards) Defn: In the balk-line game, any of eight spaces, 7 inches by 3?, lying along a cushion and bisected transversely by a balk line. Object balls in an anchor space are treated as in balk.


ANCHOR WATCH Anchor watch. (Naut.) Defn: A detail of one or more men who keep watch on deck at night when a vessel is at anchor.


ANCHOR-HOLD Anchor-hold`, n. 1. The hold or grip of an anchor, or that to which it holds. 2. Hence: Firm hold: security.


ANCHORABLE Anchor*a*ble, a. Defn: Fit for anchorage.


ANCHORAGE Anchor*age, n. 1. The act of anchoring, or the condition of lying at anchor. 2. A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a hold for an anchor. 3. The set of anchors belonging to a ship. 4. Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge. 5. Something on which one may depend for security; ground of trust. 6. A toll for anchoring; anchorage duties. Johnson.


ANCHORAGE Ancho*rage, n. Defn: Abode of an anchoret.


ANCHORATE Anchor*ate, a. Defn: Anchor-shaped.


ANCHORED Anchored, a. 1. Held by an anchor; at anchor; held safely; as, an anchored bark; also, shaped like an anchor; forked; as, an anchored tongue. 2. (Her.) Defn: Having the extremities turned back, like the flukes of an anchor; as, an anchored cross. [Sometimes spelt ancred.]


ANCHORESS Ancho*ress, n. Defn: A female anchoret. And there, a saintly anchoress, she dwelt. Wordsworth.


ANCHORET; ANCHORITE Ancho*ret, Ancho*rite, n. Etym: [F. anachor?te, L. anachoreta, fr. Gr. ha to leave. Cf. Anchor a hermit.] Defn: One who renounces the world and secludes himself, usually for religious reasons; a hermit; a recluse. [Written by some authors anachoret.] Our Savior himself . . . did not choose an anchorite's or a monastic life, but a social and affable way of conversing with mortals. Boyle.


ANCHORETIC; ANCHORETICAL An`cho*retic, An`cho*retic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. Gr. Defn: Pertaining to an anchoret or hermit; after the manner of an anchoret.


ANCHORETISH Ancho*ret`ish, a. Defn: Hermitlike.


ANCHORETISM Ancho*ret*ism, n. Defn: The practice or mode of life of an anchoret.


ANCHORITE Ancho*rite, n. Defn: Same as Anchoret.


ANCHORITESS Ancho*ri`tess, n. Defn: An anchoress. [R.]


ANCHORLESS Anchor*less, a. Defn: Without an anchor or stay. Hence: Drifting; unsettled.


ANCHOVY An*chovy, n. Etym: [Sp. anchoa, anchova, or Pg. anchova, prob. of Iberian origin, and lit. a dried or pickled fish, fr. Bisc. antzua dry: cf. D. anchovis, F. anchois.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small fish, about three inches in length, of the Herring family (Engraulis encrasicholus), caught in vast numbers in the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. The name is also applied to several allied species.


ANCHOVY PEAR An*chovy pear`. (Bot.) Defn: A West Indian fruit like the mango in taste, sometimes pickled; also, the tree (Grias cauliflora) bearing this fruit.


ANCHUSIN Anchu*sin, n. Etym: [L. anchusa the plant alkanet, Gr. (Chem.) Defn: A resinoid coloring matter obtained from alkanet root.


ANCHYLOSE Anchy*lose, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Anchylosed; p. pr. & vb. n. Anchylosing.] Etym: [Cf. F. ankyloser.] Defn: To affect or be affected with anchylosis; to unite or consolidate so as to make a stiff joint; to grow together into one. [Spelt also ankylose.] Owen.


ANCHYLOSIS; ANKYLOSIS An`chy*losis, An`ky*losis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. ankylose.] 1. (Med.) Defn: Stiffness or fixation of a joint; formation of a stiff joint. Dunglison. 2. (Anat.) Defn: The union of two or more separate bones to from a single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in various animals.


ANCHYLOTIC An`chy*lotic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anchylosis.


ANCIENT Ancient, a. Etym: [OE. auncien, F. ancien, LL. antianus, fr. L. ante before. See Ante-, pref.] 1. Old; that happened or existed in former times, usually at a great distance of time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to the times before the fall of the Roman empire; -- opposed to modern; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient days. Witness those ancient empires of the earth. Milton. Gildas Albanius . . . much ancienter than his namesake surnamed the Wise. Fuller. 2. Old; that has been of long duration; of long standing; of great age; as, an ancient forest; an ancient castle. Our ancient bickerings. Shak. Remove not the ancient landmarks, which thy fathers have set. Prov. xxii. 28. An ancient man, strangely habited, asked for quarters. Scott. 3. Known for a long time, or from early times; -- opposed to recent or new; as, the ancient continent. A friend, perhaps, or an ancient acquaintance. Barrow. 4. Dignified, like an aged man; magisterial; venerable. [Archaic] He wrought but some few hours of the day, and then would he seem very grave and ancient. Holland. 5. Experienced; versed. [Obs.] Though [he] was the youngest brother, yet he was the most ancient in the business of the realm. Berners. 6. Former; sometime. [Obs.] They mourned their ancient leader lost. Pope. Ancient demesne (Eng. Law), a tenure by which all manors belonging to the crown, in the reign of William the Conqueror, were held. The numbers, names, etc., of these were all entered in a book called Domesday Book. -- Ancient lights (Law), windows and other openings which have been enjoined without molestation for more than twenty years. In England, and in some of the United States, they acquire a prescriptive right. Syn. -- Old; primitive; pristine; antique; antiquated; old-fashioned; obsolete. -- Ancient, Antiquated, Obsolete, Antique, Antic, Old. -- Ancient is opposed to modern, and has antiquity; as, an ancient family, ancient landmarks, ancient institutions, systems of thought, etc. Antiquated describes that which has gone out of use or fashion; as, antiquated furniture, antiquated laws, rules, etc. Obsolete is commonly used, instead of antiquated, in reference to language, customs, etc.; as, an obsolete word or phrase, an obsolete expression. Antique is applied, in present usage, either to that which has come down from the ancients; as, an antique cameo, bust, etc. ; or to that which is made to imitate some ancient work of art; as, an antique temple. In the days of Shakespeare, antique was often used for ancient; as, an antique song, an antique Roman; and hence, from singularity often attached to what is ancient, it was used in the sense of grotesque; as, an oak whose antique root peeps out; and hence came our present word antic, denoting grotesque or ridiculous. We usually apply both ancient and old to things subject to gradual decay. We say, an old man, an ancient record; but never, the old stars, an old river or mountain. In general, however, ancient is opposed to modern, and old to new, fresh, or recent. When we speak of a thing that existed formerly, which has ceased to exist, we commonly use ancient; as, ancient republics, ancient heroes; and not old republics, old heroes. But when the thing which began or existed in former times is still in existence, we use either ancient or old; as, ancient statues or paintings, or old statues or paintings; ancient authors, or old authors, meaning books.


ANCIENT Ancient, n. 1. pl. Defn: Those who lived in former ages, as opposed to the moderns. 2. An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a person of influence. The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof. Isa. iii. 14. 3. A senior; an elder; a predecessor. [Obs.] Junius and Andronicus . . . in Christianity . . . were his ancients. Hooker. 4. pl. (Eng. Law) Defn: One of the senior members of the Inns of Court or of Chancery. Council of Ancients (French Hist.), one of the two assemblies composing the legislative bodies in 1795. Brande.


ANCIENT Ancient, n. Etym: [Corrupted from ensign.] 1. An ensign or flag. [Obs.] More dishonorable ragged than an old-faced ancient. Shak. 2. The bearer of a flag; an ensign. [Obs.] This is Othello's ancient, as I take it. Shak.


ANCIENTLY Ancient*ly, adv. 1. In ancient times. 2. In an ancient manner. [R.]


ANCIENTNESS Ancient*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being ancient; antiquity; existence from old times.


ANCIENTRY Ancient*ry, n. 1. Antiquity; what is ancient. They contain not word of ancientry. West. 2. Old age; also, old people. [R.] Wronging the ancientry. Shak. 3. Ancient lineage; ancestry; dignity of birth. A gentleman of more ancientry than estate. Fuller.


ANCIENTY Ancient*y, n. Etym: [F. anciennet?, fr. ancien. See Ancient.] 1. Age; antiquity. [Obs.] Martin. 2. Seniority. [Obs.]


ANCILE An*cile, n. Etym: [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: The sacred shield of the Romans, said to have-fallen from heaven in the reign of Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.


ANCILLARY Ancil*la*ry, a. Etym: [L. ancillaris, fr. ancilla a female servant.] Defn: Subservient or subordinate, like a handmaid; auxiliary. The Convocation of York seems to have been always considered as inferior, and even ancillary, to the greater province. Hallam.


ANCILLARY ADMINISTRATION Ancil*la*ry ad*min`is*tration. (Law) Defn: An administration subordinate to, and in aid of, the primary or principal administration of an estate.


ANCILLE An*cille, n. Etym: [OF. ancelle, L. ancilla.] Defn: A maidservant; a handmaid. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ANCIPITAL; ANCIPITOUS An*cipi*tal, An*cipi*tous, a. Etym: [L. anceps, ancipitis, two- headed, double; an- for amb- on both sides + caput head.] (Bot.) Defn: Two-edged instead of round; -- said of certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely also of leaves.


ANCISTROID An*cistroid, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Hook-shaped.


ANCLE Ancle, n. Defn: See Ankle.


ANCOME Ancome, n. Etym: [AS. ancuman, oncuman, to come.] Defn: A small ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow. [Obs.] Boucher.


ANCON Ancon, n.; L. pl. Ancones. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Anat.) Defn: The olecranon, or the elbow. Ancon sheep (Zo?l.), a breed of sheep with short crooked legs and long back. It originated in Massachusetts in 1791; -- called also the otter breed.


ANCON; ANCONE Ancon, Ancone, n. Etym: [See Ancon, above.] (Arch.) (a) The corner or quoin of a wall, cross-beam, or rafter. [Obs.] Gwilt. (b) A bracket supporting a cornice; a console.


ANCONAL; ANCONEAL Anco*nal, An*cone*al, a. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the ancon or elbow. The olecranon on anconeal process. Flower.


ANCONEUS An*cone*us, n. Etym: [NL., fr. L. ancon elbow.] (Anat.) Defn: A muscle of the elbow and forearm.


ANCONOID Anco*noid, a. Defn: Elbowlike; anconal.


ANCONY Anco*ny, n. Etym: [Origin unknown.] (Iron Work) Defn: A piece of malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the middle, but unwrought at the ends. -ANCY -an*cy. Etym: [L. -antia.-] Defn: A suffix expressing more strongly than -ance the idea of quality or state; as, constancy, buoyancy, infancy.


AND And, conj. Etym: [AS. and; akin to OS. endi, Icel. enda, OHG. anti, enti, inti, unti, G. und, D. en, OD. ende. Cf, An if, Ante-.] 1. A particle which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence. Note: (a) It is sometimes used emphatically; as, there are women and women, that is, two very different sorts of women. (b) By a rhetorical figure, notions, one of which is modificatory of the other, are connected by and; as, the tediousness and process of my travel, that is, the tedious process, etc.; thy fair and outward character, that is, thy outwardly fair character, Schmidt's Shak. Lex. 2. In order to; -- used instead of the infinitival to, especially after try, come, go. At least to try and teach the erring soul. Milton. 3. It is sometimes, in old songs, a mere expletive. When that I was and a little tiny boy. Shak. 4. If; though. See An, conj. [Obs.] Chaucer. As they will set an house on fire, and it were but to roast their eggs. Bacon. And so forth, and others; and the rest; and similar things; and other things or ingredients. The abbreviation, etc. (et cetera), or &c., is usually read and so forth.


ANDABATISM Anda*ba*tism, n. Etym: [L. andabata a kind of Roman gladiator, who fought hoodwinked.] Defn: Doubt; uncertainty. [Obs.] Shelford.


ANDALUSITE An`da*lusite, n. (Min.) Defn: A silicate of aluminium, occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in Andalusia, Spain.


ANDANTE An*dante, a. Etym: [It. andante, p. pr. of andare to go.] (Mus.) Defn: Moving moderately slow, but distinct and flowing; quicker than larghetto, and slower than allegretto. -- n. Defn: A movement or piece in andante time.


ANDANTINO An`dan*tino, a. Etym: [It., dim. of andante.] (Mus.) Defn: Rather quicker than andante; between that allegretto. Note: Some, taking andante in its original sense of going, and andantino as its diminutive, or less going, define the latter as slower than andante.


ANDARAC Anda*rac, n. Etym: [A corruption of sandarac.] Defn: Red orpiment. Coxe.


ANDEAN An*dean, a. Defn: Pertaining to the Andes.


ANDESINE Andes*ine, n. (Min.) Defn: A kind of triclinic feldspar found in the Andes.


ANDESITE Andes*ite, n. (Min.) Defn: An eruptive rock allied to trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar, with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene.


ANDINE Andine, a. Defn: Andean; as, Andine flora.


ANDIRON Andi`ron, n. Etym: [OE. anderne, aunderne, aundyre, OF. andier, F. landier, fr. LL. andena, andela, anderia, of unknown origin. The Eng. was prob. confused with brand-iron, AS. brand-isen.] Defn: A utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons.


ANDRANATOMY An`dra*nato*my, n. Etym: [Gr. andranatomie. See Anatomy, Androtomy.] Defn: The dissection of a human body, especially of a male; androtomy. Coxe.


ANDROCEPHALOUS An`dro*cepha*lous, a. [Gr. , , man + head.] Defn: Having a human head (upon an animal's body), as the Egyptian sphinx.


ANDRODIOECIOUS; ANDRODIECIOUS An`dro*di*ocious, An`dro*di*ecious, a. [Gr. , , man + E. diocious.] (Bot.) Defn: Having perfect and staminate flowers on different plants. -- An`dro*di*ocism, -di*ecism (#), n.

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