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ANAGLYPTICS An`a*glyptics, n. Defn: The art of carving in low relief, embossing, etc.


ANAGLYPTOGRAPH An`a*glypto*graph, n. Etym: [Gr. -graph.] Defn: An instrument by which a correct engraving of any embossed object, such as a medal or cameo, can be executed. Brande & C.


ANAGLYPTOGRAPHIC An`a*glyp`to*graphic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anaglyptography; as, analyptographic engraving.


ANAGLYPTOGRAPHY An`a*glyp*togra*phy, n. Etym: [Gr. -graphy.] Defn: The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; -- used in representing coins, bas-reliefs, etc.


ANAGNORISIS An`ag*nori*sis, n. Etym: [Latinized fr. Gr. Defn: The unfolding or d?nouement. [R.] De Quincey.


ANAGOGE An`a*goge, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. An elevation of mind to things celestial. 2. The spiritual meaning or application; esp. the application of the types and allegories of the Old Testament to subjects of the New.


ANAGOGIC; ANAGOGICAL An`a*gogic, An`a*gogic*al, a. Defn: Mystical; having a secondary spiritual meaning; as, the rest of the Sabbath, in an anagogical sense, signifies the repose of the saints in heaven; an anagogical explication. -- An`a*gogic*al*ly, adv.


ANAGOGICS An`a*gogics, n. pl. Defn: Mystical interpretations or studies, esp. of the Scriptures. L. Addison.


ANAGOGY Ana*go`gy, n. Defn: Same as Anagoge.


ANAGRAM Ana*gram, n. Etym: [F. anagramme, LL. anagramma, fr. Gr. Graphic.] Defn: Literally, the letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus; William Noy (attorney-general to Charles I., and a laborious man) may be turned into I moyl in law.


ANAGRAM Ana*gram, v. t. Defn: To anagrammatize. Some of these anagramed his name, Benlowes, into Benevolus. Warburton.


ANAGRAMMATIC; ANAGRAMMATICAL An`a*gram*matic, An`a*gram*matic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. anagramtique.] Defn: Pertaining to, containing, or making, anagram. -- An`a*gram*matic*al*ly, adv.


ANAGRAMMATISM An`a*gramma*tism, n. Etym: [Gr. anagrammatisme.] Defn: The act or practice of making anagrams. Camden.


ANAGRAMMATIST An`a*gramma*tist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anagrammatiste.] Defn: A maker anagrams.


ANAGRAMMATIZE An`a*gramma*tize, v. t. Etym: [Gr. anagrammatiser.] Defn: To transpose, as the letters of a word, so as to form an anagram. Cudworth.


ANAGRAPH Ana*graph, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An inventory; a record. [Obs.] Knowles.


ANAKIM; ANAKS Ana*kim, Anaks, n. pl. Etym: [Heb.] (Bibl.) Defn: A race of giants living in Palestine.


ANAL Anal, a. Etym: [From Anus.] (Anat.) Defn: Pertaining to, or situated near, the anus; as, the anal fin or glands.


ANALCIME A*nalcime, n. Etym: [Gr. analcime.] (Min.) Defn: A white or flesh-red mineral, of the zeolite, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it acquires a weak electricity; hence its name.


ANALCITE A*nalcite, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Analcime.


ANALECTIC An`a*lectic, a. Defn: Relating to analects; made up of selections; as, an analectic magazine.


ANALECTS; ANALECTA Ana*lects, An`a*lecta, n. pl. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A collection of literary fragments.


ANALEMMA An`a*lemma, n. Etym: [L. analemma a sun dial on a pedestal, showing the latitude and meridian of a place, Gr. 1. (Chem.) Defn: An orthographic projection of the sphere on the plane of the meridian, the eye being supposed at an infinite distance, and in the east or west point of the horizon. 2. An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; -- formerly much used in solving some common astronomical problems. 3. A scale of the sun's declination for each day of the year, drawn across the torrid zone on an artificial terrestrial globe.


ANALEPSIS; ANALEPSY Ana*lepsis, Ana*lepsy, Etym: [Gr. Analemma.] (Med.) (a) Recovery of strength after sickness. (b) A species of epileptic attack, originating from gastric disorder.


ANALEPTIC Ana*leptic, a. Etym: [Gr. analeptique. See Analepsis.] (Med.) Defn: Restorative; giving strength after disease. -- n. Defn: A restorative.


ANALGEN; ANALGENE An*algen, An*algene, n. [Gr. painless.] Defn: A crystalline compound used as an antipyretic and analgesic, employed chiefly in rheumatism and neuralgia. It is a complex derivative of quinoline.


ANALGESIA An`al*gesi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Absence of sensibility to pain. Quain.


ANALLAGMATIC An`al*lag*matic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Math.) Defn: Not changed in form by inversion. Anallagmatic curves, a class of curves of the fourth degree which have certain peculiar relations to circles; -- sometimes called bicircular quartics. -- Anallagmatic surfaces, a certain class of surfaces of the fourth degree.


ANALLANTOIC An`al*lan*toic, a. (Anat.) Defn: Without, or not developing, an allantois.


ANALLANTOIDEA An`al*lan*toide*a, n. pl. Etym: [Gr. allantoidea.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The division of Vertebrata in which no allantois is developed. It includes amphibians, fishes, and lower forms.


ANALOGAL A*nalo*gal, a. Defn: Analogous. [Obs.] Donne.


ANALOGIC An`a*logic, a. Etym: [See Analogous.] Defn: Of or belonging to analogy. Geo. Eliot.


ANALOGICAL An`a*logic*al, a. 1. Founded on, or of the nature of, analogy; expressing or implying analogy. When a country which has sent out colonies is termed the mother country, the expression is analogical. J. S. Mill. 2. Having analogy; analogous. Sir M. Hale.


ANALOGICALLY An`a*logic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an analogical sense; in accordance with analogy; by way of similitude. A prince is analogically styled a pilot, being to the state as a pilot is to the vessel. Berkeley.


ANALOGICALNESS An`a*logic*al*ness, n. Defn: Quality of being analogical.


ANALOGISM A*nalo*gism, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. Logic Defn: an argument from the cause to the effect; an a priori argument. Johnson. 2. Investigation of things by the analogy they bear to each other. Crabb.


ANALOGIST A*nalo*gist, n. Defn: One who reasons from analogy, or represent, by analogy. Cheyne.


ANALOGIZE A*nalo*gize, v. i. Defn: To employ, or reason by, analogy.


ANALOGON A*nalo*gon, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Analogue.


ANALOGOUS A*nalo*gous, a. Etym: [L. analogous, Gr. Logic.] Defn: Having analogy; corresponding to something else; bearing some resemblance or proportion; -- often followed by to. Analogous tendencies in arts and manners. De Quincey. Decay of public spirit, which may be considered analogous to natural death. J. H. Newman. nalogous pole (Pyroelect.), that pole of a crystal which becomes positively electrified when heated. Syn. -- Correspondent; similar; like. -- A*nalo gous*ly, adv. -- A*nalo*gous*ness, n.


ANALOGUE Ana*logue, n. Etym: [F. 1. That which is analogous to, or corresponds with, some other thing. The vexatious tyranny of the individual despot meets its analogue in the insolent tyranny of the many. I. Taylor. 2. (Philol.) Defn: A word in one language corresponding with one in another; an analogous term; as, the Latin pater is the analogue of the English father. 3. (Nat. Hist.) (a) An organ which is equivalent in its functions to a different organ in another species or group, or even in the same group; as, the gill of a fish is the analogue of a lung in a quadruped, although the two are not of like structural relations. (b) A species in one genus or group having its characters parallel, one by one, with those of another group. (c) A species or genus in one country closely related to a species of the same genus, or a genus of the same group, in another: such species are often called representative species, and such genera, representative genera. Dana.


ANALOGY A*nalo*gy, n.; pl. Analogies. Etym: [L. analogia, Gr. analogie. See Analogous.] 1. A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden. Note: Followed by between, to, or with; as, there is an analogy between these objects, or one thing has an analogy to or with another. Note: Analogy is very commonly used to denote similarity or essential resemblance; but its specific meaning is a similarity of relations, and in this consists the difference between the argument from example and that from analogy. In the former, we argue from the mere similarity of two things; in the latter, from the similarity of their relations. Karslake. 2. (Biol.) Defn: A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different. 3. (Geom.) Defn: Proportion; equality of ratios. 4. (Gram.) Defn: Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to pl. analogies. Johnson.


ANALYSE; ANALYSER Ana*lyse, v., Ana*ly`ser, n., etc. Defn: Same as Analyze, Analyzer, etc.


ANALYSIS A*naly*sis, n.; pl. Analyses. Etym: [Gr. Loose.] 1. A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to synthesis. 2. (Chem.) Defn: The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis. 3. (Logic) Defn: The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles. 4. (Math.) Defn: The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations. 5. (a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order. (b) A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis. 6. (Nat. Hist.) Defn: The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key. Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, Quantitative, and Volumetric analysis. (Chem.) See under Ultimate, Proximate, Qualitative, etc.


ANALYST Ana*lyst, n. Etym: [F. analyste. See Analysis.] Defn: One who analyzes; formerly, one skilled in algebraical geometry; now commonly, one skilled in chemical analysis.


ANALYTIC; ANALYTICAL An`a*lytic, An`a*lytic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. analytique. See Analysis.] Defn: Of or pertaining to analysis; resolving into elements or constituent parts; as, an analytical experiment; analytic reasoning; -- opposed to synthetic. Analytical or co?rdinate geometry. See under Geometry. -- Analytic language, a noninflectional language or one not characterized by grammatical endings. -- Analytical table (Nat. Hist.), a table in which the characteristics of the species or other groups are arranged so as to facilitate the determination of their names.


ANALYTICALLY An`a*lytic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an analytical manner.


ANALYTICS An`a*lytics, n. Defn: The science of analysis.


ANALYZABLE Ana*ly`za*ble, a. Defn: That may be analyzed.


ANALYZATION An`a*ly*zation, n. Defn: The act of analyzing, or separating into constituent parts; analysis.


ANALYZE Ana*lyze, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Analyzed; p. pr. & vb. n. Analyzing.] Etym: [Cf. F. analyser. See Analysis.] Defn: To subject to analysis; to resolve (anything complex) into its elements; to separate into the constituent parts, for the purpose of an examination of each separately; to examine in such a manner as to ascertain the elements or nature of the thing examined; as, to analyze a fossil substance; to analyze a sentence or a word; to analyze an action to ascertain its morality. No one, I presume, can analyze the sensations of pleasure or pain. Darwin.


ANALYZER Ana*ly`zer, n. 1. One who, or that which, analyzes. 2. (Opt.) Defn: The part of a polariscope which receives the light after polarization, and exhibits its properties.


ANAMESE An`a*mese, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Anam, to southeastern Asia. -- n. Defn: A native of Anam.


ANAMNESIS An`am*nesis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A recalling to mind; recollection.


ANAMNESTIC An`am*nestic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Aiding the memory; as, anamnestic remedies.


ANAMNIOTIC An*am`ni*otic, a. (Anat.) Defn: Without, or not developing, an amnion.


ANAMORPHISM An`a*morphism, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. A distorted image. 2. (Biol.) Defn: A gradual progression from one type to another, generally ascending. Huxley.


ANAMORPHOSCOPE An`a*morpho*scope, n. [Anamorphosis + -scope.] Defn: An instrument for restoring a picture or image distorted by anamorphosis to its normal proportions. It usually consists of a cylindrical mirror.


ANAMORPHOSIS An`a*morpho*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Persp.) Defn: A distorted or monstrous projection or representation of an image on a plane or curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron, appears regular and in proportion; a deformation of an image. 2. (Biol.) Defn: Same as Anamorphism, 2. 3. (Bot.) Defn: A morbid or monstrous development, or change of form, or degeneration.


ANAMORPHOSY An`a*morpho*sy, n. Defn: Same as Anamorphosis.


ANAN A*nan, interj. Etym: [See Anon.] Defn: An expression equivalent to What did you say Sir Eh [Obs.] Shak.


ANANAS A*nanas, n. Etym: [Sp. ananas, from the native American name.] (Bot.) Defn: The pineapple (Ananassa sativa).


ANANDROUS An*androus, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Destitute of stamen


ANANGULAR An*angu*lar, a. Etym: [Gr. angular.] Defn: Containing no angle. [R.]


ANANTHEROUS An*anther*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. anther.] (Bot.) Defn: Destitute of anthers. Gray.


ANANTHOUS An*anthous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Destitute of flowers; flowerless.


ANAPAEST; ANAPAESTIC An`a*p?st, An`a*p?stic. Defn: Same as Anapest, Anapestic.


ANAPEST Ana*pest, n. Etym: [L. anapaestus, Gr. i.e., a dactyl reserved, or, as it were, struck back; fr. 1. (Pros.) Defn: A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the last long, or accented; the reverse of the dactyl. In Latin d, and in English in-ter-vene, are examples of anapests. 2. A verse composed of such feet.


ANAPESTIC An`a*pestic, a. Etym: [L. anapaesticus, Gr. Defn: Pertaining to an anapest; consisting of an anapests; as, an anapestic meter, foot, verse. -- n. Defn: Anapestic measure or verse.


ANAPESTICAL An`a*pestic*al, a. Defn: Anapestic.


ANAPHORA A*napho*ra, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A repetition of a word or of words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses.


ANAPHRODISIA An*aph`ro*disi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Absence of sexual appetite.


ANAPHRODISIAC An*aph`ro*disi*ac, a. & n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Same as Antaphrodisiac. Dunglison.


ANAPHRODITIC An*aph`ro*ditic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Produced without concourse of sexes.


ANAPLASTIC An`a*plastic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to anaplasty.


ANAPLASTY An`a*plas`ty, n. Etym: [Gr. anaplastie.] (Surg.) Defn: The art of operation of restoring lost parts or the normal shape by the use of healthy tissue.


ANAPLEROTIC An`a*ple*rotic, a. Etym: [L. anapleroticus, fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Filling up; promoting granulation of wounds or ulcers. -- n. Defn: A remedy which promotes such granulation.


ANAPNOGRAPH A*napno*graph, n. Etym: [Gr. -graph.] Defn: A form of spirometer.


ANAPNOIC An`ap*noic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Relating to respiration.


ANAPODEICTIC An*ap`o*deictic, a. Etym: [Gr. Apodeictic.] Defn: Not apodeictic; undemonstrable. [R.]


ANAPOPHYSIS An`a*pophy*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.) Defn: An accessory process in many lumbar vertebr?.


ANAPTOTIC An`ap*totic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Having lost, or tending to lose, inflections by phonetic decay; as, anaptotic languages.


ANAPTYCHUS An*apty*chus, n.; pl. Anaptichi. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Paleon.) Defn: One of a pair of shelly plates found in some cephalopods, as the ammonites.


ANARCH Anarch, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The author of anarchy; one who excites revolt. Milton. Imperial anarchs doubling human woes. Byron.


ANARCHAL A*narchal, a. Defn: Lawless; anarchical. [R.] We are in the habit of calling those bodies of men anarchal which are in a state of effervescence. Landor.


ANARCHIC; ANARCHICAL A*narchic, A*narchic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. anarchique.] Defn: Pertaining to anarchy; without rule or government; in political confusion; tending to produce anarchy; as, anarchic despotism; anarchical opinions.


ANARCHISM Anarch*ism, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anarchisme.] Defn: The doctrine or practice of anarchists.


ANARCHIST Anarch*ist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anarchiste.] Defn: An anarch; one who advocates anarchy of aims at the overthrow of civil government.


ANARCHIZE Anarch*ize, v. t. Defn: To reduce to anarchy.


ANARCHY Anarch*y, n. Etym: [Gr. anarchie. See Anarch.] 1. Absence of government; the state of society where there is no law or supreme power; a state of lawlessness; political confusion. Spread anarchy and terror all around. Cowper. 2. Hence, confusion or disorder, in general. There being then . . . an anarchy, as I may term it, in authors and their reFuller.


ANARTHROPODA An`ar*thropo*da, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. -poda. See Anarthrous.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the divisions of Articulata in which there are no jointed legs, as the annelids; -- opposed to Arthropoda.


ANARTHROPODOUS An`ar*thropo*dous, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Having no jointed legs; pertaining to Anarthropoda.


ANARTHROUS An*arthrous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Gr. Gram.) Defn: Used without the article; as, an anarthrous substantive. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: Without joints, or having the joints indistinct, as some insects.


ANAS Anas, n. Etym: [L., duck.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of water fowls, of the order Anseres, including certain species of fresh-water ducks.


ANASARCA An`a*sarca, n. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Med.) Defn: Dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue; an effusion of serum into the cellular substance, occasioning a soft, pale, inelastic swelling of the skin.


ANASARCOUS An`a*sarcous, a. Defn: Belonging, or affected by, anasarca, or dropsy; dropsical. Wiseman.


ANASEISMIC An`a*seismic, a. [Cf. Gr. a shaking up and down.] Defn: Moving up and down; -- said of earthquake shocks.


ANASTALTIC An`a*staltic, a. & n. Etym: [Gr. fitted for checking, fr. (Med.) Defn: Styptic. [Obs.] Coxe.


ANASTATE Ana*state, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: One of a series of substances formed, in secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in the production of protoplasm; -- opposed to katastate. Foster.


ANASTATIC An`a*static, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to a process or a style of printing from characters in relief on zinc plates. Note: In this process the letterpress, engraving, or design of any kind is transferred to a zinc plate; the parts not covered with ink are eaten out, leaving a facsimile in relief to be printed from.

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