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AMVIS Amvis, n. [Ammonium (nitrate) + L. vis strength, force.] Defn: An explosive consisting of ammonium nitrate, a derivative of nitrobenzene, chlorated napthalene, and wood meal.


AMY A*my, n. Etym: [F. ami, fr. L. amicus.] Defn: A friend. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AMYELOUS A*mye*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Wanting the spinal cord.


AMYGDALA A*mygda*la (a*migda*la), n.; pl. -l? (-le). [L., an almond, fr. Gr. 'amygda`lh. See Almond.] 1. An almond. 2. (Anat.) (a) One of the tonsils of the pharynx. (b) One of the rounded prominences of the lower surface of the lateral hemispheres of the cerebellum, each side of the vallecula.


AMYGDALACEOUS A*myg`da*laceous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Akin to, or derived from, the almond.


AMYGDALATE A*mygda*late, a. Etym: [L. amygdala, amygdalum, almond, Gr. Almond.] Defn: Pertaining to, resembling, or made of, almonds.


AMYGDALATE A*mygda*late, n. 1. (Med.) Defn: An emulsion made of almonds; milk of almonds. Bailey. Coxe. 2. (Chem.) Defn: A salt amygdalic acid.


AMYGDALIC Am`yg*dalic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Of or pertaining to almonds; derived from amygdalin; as, amygdalic acid.


AMYGDALIFEROUS A*myg`da*lifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. amygdalum almond + -ferous.] Defn: Almond-bearing.


AMYGDALIN A*mygda*lin, n. (Chem.) Defn: A glucoside extracted from bitter almonds as a white, crystalline substance.


AMYGDALINE A*mygda*line, a. Etym: [L. amygdalinus.] Defn: Of, pertaining to, or resembling, almonds.


AMYGDALOID A*mygda*loid, n. Etym: [Gr. -oid: cf. F. amygdalo?de.] (Min.) Defn: A variety of trap or basaltic rock, containing small cavities, occupied, wholly or in part, by nodules or geodes of different minerals, esp. agates, quartz, calcite, and the zeolites. When the imbedded minerals are detached or removed by decomposition, it is porous, like lava.


AMYGDALOID; AMYGDALOIDAL A*mygda*loid, A*myg`da*loidal, a. 1. Almond-shaped. 2. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, the rock amygdaloid.


AMYL Amyl, n. Etym: [L. amylum starch + -yl. Cf. Amidin.] (Chem.) Defn: A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found in amyl alcohol or fusel oil, etc.


AMYL ALCOHOL Amyl alco*hol. (Org. Chem.) Defn: Any of eight isomeric liquid compounds, C5H11OH; ordinarily, a mixture of two of these forming a colorless liquid with a peculiar cough-exciting odor and burning taste, the chief constituent of fusel oil. It is used as a source of amyl compounds, such as amyl acetate, amyl nitrite, etc.


AMYL NITRITE Amyl nitrite. Defn: A yellowish oily volatile liquid, C5H11NO2, used in medicine as a heart stimulant and a vasodilator. The inhalation of its vapor instantly produces flushing of the face.


AMYLACEOUS Am`y*laceous, a. Etym: [L. amylum starch, Gr. Amidin.] Defn: Pertaining to starch; of the nature of starch; starchy.


AMYLATE Amy*late, n. (Chem.) Defn: A compound of the radical amyl with oxygen and a positive atom or radical.


AMYLENE Amy*lene, n. (Chem.) Defn: One of a group of metameric hydrocarbons, C5H10, of the ethylene series. The colorless, volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture of different members of the group.


AMYLIC A*mylic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, amyl; as, amylic ether. Amylic alcohol (Chem.), one of the series of alcohols, a transparent, colorless liquid, having a peculiar odor. It is the hydroxide of amyl. -- Amylic fermentation (Chem.), a process of fermentation in starch or sugar in which amylic alcohol is produced. Gregory.


AMYLOBACTER Am`y*lo*bacter, n. Etym: [L. amylum starch + NL. bacterium. See Bacterium.] (Biol.) Defn: A micro?rganism (Bacillus amylobacter) which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction. Sternberg.


AMYLOGEN A*mylo*gen, n. [Amylum + -gen.] (Chem.) Defn: That part of the starch granule or granulose which is soluble in water.


AMYLOGENESIS Am`y*lo*gene*sis, n. [Amylum + genesis.] Defn: The formation of starch.


AMYLOGENIC Am`y*lo*genic, a. 1. Of or pert. to amylogen. 2. Forming starch; -- applied specif. to leucoplasts.


AMYLOID Amy*loid, n. 1. A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance. 2. (Med.) Defn: The substance deposited in the organs in amyloid degeneration.


AMYLOID; AMYLOIDAL Amy*loid, Am`y*loidal, a. Etym: [L. amylum starch + -oid.] Defn: Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike. Amyloid degeneration (Med.), a diseased condition of various organs of the body, produced by the deposit of an albuminous substance, giving a blue color with iodine and sulphuric acid; -- called also waxy or lardaceous degeneration.


AMYLOLYSIS Am`y*loly*sis, n. [Amylum + Gr. a loosing.] (Chem.) Defn: The conversion of starch into soluble products, as dextrins and sugar, esp. by the action of enzymes. -- Am`y*lo*lytic (#), a.


AMYLOLYTIC Am`y*lo*lytic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Effecting the conversion of starch into soluble dextrin and sugar; as, an amylolytic ferment. Foster.


AMYLOMETER Am`y*lome*ter, n. [Amylum + -meter.] Defn: Instrument for determining the amount of starch in a substance.


AMYLOPLASTIC Am`y*lo*plastic, a. [Amylum + -plastic.] Defn: Starch-forming; amylogenic.


AMYLOPSIN Am`y*lopsin, n. [Amylum + Gr. appearance.] (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: The diastase of the pancreatic juice.


AMYLOSE Am`y*lose, n. (Chem.) Defn: One of the starch group (C6H10O5)n of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin, dextrin, cellulose, etc.


AMYOUS Amy*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Wanting in muscle; without flesh.


AMYSS Amyss, n. Defn: Same as Amice, a hood or cape.


AN An. Etym: [AS. an one, the same word as the numeral. See One, and cf. A.] Defn: This word is properly an adjective, but is commonly called the indefinite article. It is used before nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or any, but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as twice an hour, once an age, a shilling an ounce (see 2d A, 2), it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to each, every. Note: An is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound; as, an enemy, an hour. It in also often used before h sounded, when the accent of the word falls on the second syllable; as, an historian, an hyena, an heroic deed. Many writers use a before h in such positions. Anciently an was used before consonants as well as vowels.


AN An, conj. Etym: [Shortened fr. and, OE. an., and, sometimes and if, in introducing conditional clauses, like Icel. enda if, the same word as and. Prob. and was originally pleonastic before the conditional clause.] Defn: If; -- a word used by old English authors. Shak. Nay, an thou dalliest, then I am thy foe. B. Jonson. An if, and if; if.


AN 'T An 't. Defn: An it, that is, and it or if it. See An, conj. [Obs.]


AN'T An't. Defn: A contraction for are and am not; also used for is not; -- now usually written ain't. [Colloq. & illiterate speech.]


ANA- Ana-. Etym: [/Gr. in comp., on, up, upwards.] Defn: A prefix in words from the Greek, denoting up, upward, throughout, backward, back, again, anew.


ANA Ana, adv. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Of each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana (or, contracted, aa), ., that is, of wine and honey, each, two ounces. An apothecary with a . . . long bill of anas. Dryden.


ANA *ana. Etym: [The neut. pl. ending of Latin adjectives in -anus.] Defn: A suffix to names of persons or places, used to denote a collection of notable sayings, literary gossip, anecdotes, etc. Thus, Scaligerana is a book containing the sayings of Scaliger, Johnsoniana of Johnson, etc. Note: Used also as a substantive; as, the French anas. It has been said that the table-talk of Selden is worth all the ana of the Continent. Hallam. -ANA -ana. [The neut. pl. ending of Latin adjectives in -anus.] Defn: A suffix to names of persons or places, used to denote a collection of notable sayings, literary gossip, anecdotes, etc. Thus, Scaligerana is a book containing the sayings of Scaliger, Johnsoniana of Johnson, etc. Used also as a substantive; as, the French anas. It has been said that the table-talk of Selden is worth all the ana of the Continent. Hallam.


ANABAPTISM An`a*baptism, n. Etym: [L. anabaptismus, Gr. anabaptisme. See Anabaptize.] Defn: The doctrine of the Anabaptists.


ANABAPTIST An`a*baptist, n. Etym: [LL. anabaptista, fr. Gr. as if : cf. F. anabaptiste.] Defn: A name sometimes applied to a member of any sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized in infancy. Note: In church history, the name Anabaptists usually designates a sect of fanatics who greatly disturbed the peace of Germany, the Netherlands, etc., in the Reformation period. In more modern times the name has been applied to those who do not regard infant baptism as real and valid baptism.


ANABAPTISTIC; ANABAPTISTICAL An`a*bap*tistic, An`a*bap*tistic*al, a. Defn: Relating or attributed to the Anabaptists, or their doctrines. Milton. Bp. Bull.


ANABAPTISTRY An`a*baptist*ry, n. Defn: The doctrine, system, or practice, of Anabaptists. [R.] Thus died this imaginary king; and Anabaptistry was suppressed in Munster. Pagitt.


ANABAPTIZE An`a*bap*tize, v. t. Etym: [Gr. Baptize.] Defn: To rebaptize; to rechristen; also, to rename. [R.] Whitlock.


ANABAS Ana*bas, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long out of water, and of making their way on land for considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing fishes.


ANABASIS A*naba*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by Xenophon in his work called The Anabasis. The anabasis of Napoleon. De Quincey. 2. (Med.) Defn: The first period, or increase, of a disease; augmentation. [Obs.]


ANABATIC An`a*batic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to anabasis; as, an anabatic fever. [Obs.]


ANABOLIC An`a*bolic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Pertaining to anabolism; an anabolic changes, or processes, more or less constructive in their nature.


ANABOLISM A*nabo*lism, n. (Physiol.) Defn: The constructive metabolism of the body, as distinguished from katabolism.


ANABRANCH Ana*branch, n. [Anastomosing + branch.] Defn: A branch of a river that re?nters, or anastomoses with, the main stream; also, less properly, a branch which loses itself in sandy soil. [Australia] Such branches of a river as after separation reunite, I would term anastomosing branches; or, if a word might be coined, anabranches, and the islands they form branch islands. Col. Jackson.


ANACAMPTIC An`a*camptic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Reflecting of reflected; as, an anacamptic sound (and echo). Note: The word was formerly applied to that part of optics which treats of reflection; the same as what is now called catoptric. See Catoptrics.


ANACAMPTICALLY An`a*camptic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By reflection; as, echoes are sound produced anacamptically. Hutton.


ANACAMPTICS An`a*camptics, n. 1. The science of reflected light, now called catoptrics. 2. The science of reflected sounds.


ANACANTHINI; ANACANTHS An`a*canthi*ni, Ana*canths, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of teleostean fishes destitute of spiny fin-rays, as the cod.


ANACANTHOUS An`a*canthous, a. Defn: Spineless, as certain fishes.


ANACARDIACEOUS An`a*cardi*aceous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Belonging to, or resembling, a family, or order, of plants of which the cashew tree is the type, and the species of sumac are well known examples.


ANACARDIC An`a*cardic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, the cashew nut; as, anacardic acid.


ANACARDIUM An`a*cardi*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of plants including the cashew tree. See Cashew.


ANACATHARTIC An`a*ca*thartic, a. Etym: [Gr. i. e., by vomiting; Cathartic.] (Med.) Defn: Producing vomiting or expectoration. -- n. Defn: An anacatharic medicine; an expectorant or an emetic.


ANACHARIS An*acha*ris, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A fresh-water weed of the frog's-bit family (Hydrocharidace?), native to America. Transferred to England it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also waterweed and water thyme.


ANACHORET; ANACHORETICAL An*acho*ret, n. An*ach`o*retic*al, a. Defn: See Anchoret, Anchoretic. [Obs.]


ANACHORISM An*acho*rism, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An error in regard to the place of an event or a thing; a referring something to a wrong place. [R.]


ANACHRONIC; ANACHRONICAL An`a*chronic, An`a*chronic*al, a. Defn: Characterized by, or involving, anachronism; anachronistic.


ANACHRONISM An*achro*nism, n. Etym: [Gr. anachronisme.] Defn: A misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early; falsification of chronological relation.


ANACHRONISTIC An*ach`ro*nistic, a. Defn: Erroneous in date; containing an anachronism. T. Warton.


ANACHRONIZE An*achro*nize, v. t. Etym: [Gr. Defn: To refer to, or put into, a wrong time. [R.] Lowell.


ANACHRONOUS An*achro*nous, a. Defn: Containing an anachronism; anachronistic. -- An*achro*nous*ly, adv.


ANACLASTIC An`a*clastic, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Opt.) Defn: Produced by the refraction of light, as seen through water; as, anaclastic curves. 2. Springing back, as the bottom of an anaclastic glass. Anaclastic glass, a glass or phial, shaped like an inverted funnel, and with a very thin convex bottom. By sucking out a little air, the bottom springs into a concave form with a smart crack; and by breathing or blowing gently into the orifice, the bottom, with a like noise, springs into its former convex form.


ANACLASTICS An`a*clastics, n. (Opt.) Defn: That part of optics which treats of the refraction of light; -- commonly called dioptrics. Encyc. Brit.


ANACOENOSIS An`a*coe*nosis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure by which a speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their opinion on the point in debate. Walker.


ANACOLUTHIC An`a*co*luthic, a. Defn: Lacking grammatical sequence. -- An`a*co*luthic*al*ly, adv.


ANACOLUTHON An`a*co*luthon, n. Etym: [Gr. (Gram.) Defn: A want of grammatical sequence or coherence in a sentence; an instance of a change of construction in a sentence so that the latter part does not syntactically correspond with the first part.


ANACONDA An`a*conda, n. Etym: [Of Ceylonese origin] (Zo?l.) Defn: A large South American snake of the Boa family (Eunectes murinus), which lives near rivers, and preys on birds and small mammals. The name is also applied to a similar large serpent (Python tigris) of Ceylon.


ANACREONTIC A*nac`re*ontic, a. Etym: [L. Anacreonticus.] Defn: Pertaining to, after the manner of, or in the meter of, the Greek poet Anacreon; amatory and convivial. De Quincey.


ANACREONTIC A*nac`re*ontic, n. Defn: A poem after the manner of Anacreon; a sprightly little poem in praise of love and wine.


ANACROTIC An`a*crotic, a. (Physiol.) Defn: Pertaining to anachronism.


ANACROTISM A*nacro*tism, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in a sphygmographic tracing.


ANACRUSIS An`a*crusis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Pros.) Defn: A prefix of one or two unaccented syllables to a verse properly beginning with an accented syllable.


ANADEM Ana*dem, n. Etym: [L. anadema, Gr. Defn: A garland or fillet; a chaplet or wreath. Drayton. Tennyson.


ANADIPLOSIS An`a*di*plosis, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A repetition of the last word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, He retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes -- misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent.


ANADROM Ana*drom, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anadrome.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A fish that leaves the sea and ascends rivers.


ANADROMOUS A*nadro*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: Ascending rivers from the sea, at certain seasons, for breeding, as the salmon, shad, etc. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Tending upwards; -- said of terns in which the lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the branch of the central stem. D. C. Eaton.


ANAEMIA A*n?mi*a, a. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: A morbid condition in which the blood is deficient in quality or in quantity.


ANAEMIC A*n?mic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an?mia.


ANAEROBIA; ANAEROBES An*a`?r*obi*a, An*a?r*obes, n. pl. [NL. anaerobia; an-not + a?ro- + Gr. life.] (Bacteriol.) Defn: Ana?robic bacteria. They are called facultative ana?robia when able to live either in the presence or absence of free oxygen; obligate, or obligatory, ana?robia when they thrive only in its absence.


ANAEROBIC An*a`?*robic, a. (Biol.) Defn: Relating to, or like, ana?robies; ara?robiotic.


ANAEROBIES An*a?r*o*bies, n. pl. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Micro?rganisms which do not require oxygen, but are killed by it. Sternberg.


ANAEROBIOTIC An*a`?r*o*bi*otic, a. (Anat.) Defn: Related to, or of the nature of, ana?robies.


ANAESTHESIA An`?s*thesi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. anesth?sie. See ?sthetics.] (Med.) Defn: Entire or partial loss or absence of feeling or sensation; a state of general or local insensibility produced by disease or by the inhalation or application of an an?sthetic.


ANAESTHESIS An`?s*thesis, n. Defn: See An?sthesia.


ANAESTHETIC An`?s*thetic, a. (Med.) (a) Capable of rendering insensible; as, an?sthetic agents. (b) Characterized by, or connected with, insensibility; as, an an?sthetic effect or operation.


ANAESTHETIC An`?s*thetic, n. (Med.) Defn: That which produces insensibility to pain, as chloroform, ether, etc.


ANAESTHETIZATION An*?s`the*ti*zation, n. Defn: The process of an?sthetizing; also, the condition of the nervous system induced by an?sthetics.


ANAESTHETIZE An*?sthe*tize, v. t. (Med.) Defn: To render insensible by an an?sthetic. Encyc. Brit.


ANAGLYPH Ana*glyph, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Any sculptured, chased, or embossed ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo.


ANAGLYPHIC An`a*glyphic, n. Defn: Work chased or embossed relief.


ANAGLYPHIC; ANAGLYPHICAL An`a*glyphic, An`a*glyphic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to the art of chasing or embossing in relief; anaglyptic; -- opposed to diaglyptic or sunk work.


ANAGLYPTIC An`a*glyptic, a. Etym: [L. anaglypticus, Gr. Anaglyph.] Defn: Relating to the art of carving, enchasing, or embossing in low relief.

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