KJV Study Bible

Home | Resources | Polyglot Old Testament | Polyglot New Testament | Bible Encyclopedia | Dictionary
Go to book
  Chapter    
Commmentaries
Search
  

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]
Search Dictionary
 

THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

<< Previous Page | Next Page >>

AMVIS

AMVIS Amvis, n. [Ammonium (nitrate) + L. vis strength, force.] Defn: An explosive consisting of ammonium nitrate, a derivative of nitrobenzene, chlorated napthalene, and wood meal.

AMY

AMY A*my, n. Etym: [F. ami, fr. L. amicus.] Defn: A friend. [Obs.] Chaucer.

AMYELOUS

AMYELOUS A*mye*lous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Wanting the spinal cord.

AMYGDALA

AMYGDALA A*mygda*la (a*migda*la), n.; pl. -l? (-le). [L., an almond, fr. Gr. 'amygda`lh. See Almond.] 1. An almond. 2. (Anat.) (a) One of the tonsils of the pharynx. (b) One of the rounded prominences of the lower surface of the lateral hemispheres of the cerebellum, each side of the vallecula.

AMYGDALACEOUS

AMYGDALACEOUS A*myg`da*laceous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Akin to, or derived from, the almond.

AMYGDALATE

AMYGDALATE A*mygda*late, a. Etym: [L. amygdala, amygdalum, almond, Gr. Almond.] Defn: Pertaining to, resembling, or made of, almonds.

AMYGDALATE

AMYGDALATE A*mygda*late, n. 1. (Med.) Defn: An emulsion made of almonds; milk of almonds. Bailey. Coxe. 2. (Chem.) Defn: A salt amygdalic acid.

AMYGDALIC

AMYGDALIC Am`yg*dalic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Of or pertaining to almonds; derived from amygdalin; as, amygdalic acid.

AMYGDALIFEROUS

AMYGDALIFEROUS A*myg`da*lifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. amygdalum almond + -ferous.] Defn: Almond-bearing.

AMYGDALIN

AMYGDALIN A*mygda*lin, n. (Chem.) Defn: A glucoside extracted from bitter almonds as a white, crystalline substance.

AMYGDALINE

AMYGDALINE A*mygda*line, a. Etym: [L. amygdalinus.] Defn: Of, pertaining to, or resembling, almonds.

AMYGDALOID

AMYGDALOID A*mygda*loid, n. Etym: [Gr. -oid: cf. F. amygdalo?de.] (Min.) Defn: A variety of trap or basaltic rock, containing small cavities, occupied, wholly or in part, by nodules or geodes of different minerals, esp. agates, quartz, calcite, and the zeolites. When the imbedded minerals are detached or removed by decomposition, it is porous, like lava.

AMYGDALOID; AMYGDALOIDAL

AMYGDALOID; AMYGDALOIDAL A*mygda*loid, A*myg`da*loidal, a. 1. Almond-shaped. 2. Pertaining to, or having the nature of, the rock amygdaloid.

AMYL

AMYL Amyl, n. Etym: [L. amylum starch + -yl. Cf. Amidin.] (Chem.) Defn: A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found in amyl alcohol or fusel oil, etc.

AMYL ALCOHOL

AMYL ALCOHOL Amyl alco*hol. (Org. Chem.) Defn: Any of eight isomeric liquid compounds, C5H11OH; ordinarily, a mixture of two of these forming a colorless liquid with a peculiar cough-exciting odor and burning taste, the chief constituent of fusel oil. It is used as a source of amyl compounds, such as amyl acetate, amyl nitrite, etc.

AMYL NITRITE

AMYL NITRITE Amyl nitrite. Defn: A yellowish oily volatile liquid, C5H11NO2, used in medicine as a heart stimulant and a vasodilator. The inhalation of its vapor instantly produces flushing of the face.

AMYLACEOUS

AMYLACEOUS Am`y*laceous, a. Etym: [L. amylum starch, Gr. Amidin.] Defn: Pertaining to starch; of the nature of starch; starchy.

AMYLATE

AMYLATE Amy*late, n. (Chem.) Defn: A compound of the radical amyl with oxygen and a positive atom or radical.

AMYLENE

AMYLENE Amy*lene, n. (Chem.) Defn: One of a group of metameric hydrocarbons, C5H10, of the ethylene series. The colorless, volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture of different members of the group.

AMYLIC

AMYLIC A*mylic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, amyl; as, amylic ether. Amylic alcohol (Chem.), one of the series of alcohols, a transparent, colorless liquid, having a peculiar odor. It is the hydroxide of amyl. -- Amylic fermentation (Chem.), a process of fermentation in starch or sugar in which amylic alcohol is produced. Gregory.

AMYLOBACTER

AMYLOBACTER Am`y*lo*bacter, n. Etym: [L. amylum starch + NL. bacterium. See Bacterium.] (Biol.) Defn: A micro?rganism (Bacillus amylobacter) which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction. Sternberg.

AMYLOGEN

AMYLOGEN A*mylo*gen, n. [Amylum + -gen.] (Chem.) Defn: That part of the starch granule or granulose which is soluble in water.

AMYLOGENESIS

AMYLOGENESIS Am`y*lo*gene*sis, n. [Amylum + genesis.] Defn: The formation of starch.

AMYLOGENIC

AMYLOGENIC Am`y*lo*genic, a. 1. Of or pert. to amylogen. 2. Forming starch; -- applied specif. to leucoplasts.

AMYLOID

AMYLOID Amy*loid, n. 1. A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance. 2. (Med.) Defn: The substance deposited in the organs in amyloid degeneration.

AMYLOID; AMYLOIDAL

AMYLOID; AMYLOIDAL Amy*loid, Am`y*loidal, a. Etym: [L. amylum starch + -oid.] Defn: Resembling or containing amyl; starchlike. Amyloid degeneration (Med.), a diseased condition of various organs of the body, produced by the deposit of an albuminous substance, giving a blue color with iodine and sulphuric acid; -- called also waxy or lardaceous degeneration.

AMYLOLYSIS

AMYLOLYSIS Am`y*loly*sis, n. [Amylum + Gr. a loosing.] (Chem.) Defn: The conversion of starch into soluble products, as dextrins and sugar, esp. by the action of enzymes. -- Am`y*lo*lytic (#), a.

AMYLOLYTIC

AMYLOLYTIC Am`y*lo*lytic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Effecting the conversion of starch into soluble dextrin and sugar; as, an amylolytic ferment. Foster.

AMYLOMETER

AMYLOMETER Am`y*lome*ter, n. [Amylum + -meter.] Defn: Instrument for determining the amount of starch in a substance.

AMYLOPLASTIC

AMYLOPLASTIC Am`y*lo*plastic, a. [Amylum + -plastic.] Defn: Starch-forming; amylogenic.

AMYLOPSIN

AMYLOPSIN Am`y*lopsin, n. [Amylum + Gr. appearance.] (Physiol. Chem.) Defn: The diastase of the pancreatic juice.

AMYLOSE

AMYLOSE Am`y*lose, n. (Chem.) Defn: One of the starch group (C6H10O5)n of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin, dextrin, cellulose, etc.

AMYOUS

AMYOUS Amy*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Wanting in muscle; without flesh.

AMYSS

AMYSS Amyss, n. Defn: Same as Amice, a hood or cape.

AN

AN An. Etym: [AS. an one, the same word as the numeral. See One, and cf. A.] Defn: This word is properly an adjective, but is commonly called the indefinite article. It is used before nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or any, but somewhat less emphatically. In such expressions as twice an hour, once an age, a shilling an ounce (see 2d A, 2), it has a distributive force, and is equivalent to each, every. Note: An is used before a word beginning with a vowel sound; as, an enemy, an hour. It in also often used before h sounded, when the accent of the word falls on the second syllable; as, an historian, an hyena, an heroic deed. Many writers use a before h in such positions. Anciently an was used before consonants as well as vowels.

AN

AN An, conj. Etym: [Shortened fr. and, OE. an., and, sometimes and if, in introducing conditional clauses, like Icel. enda if, the same word as and. Prob. and was originally pleonastic before the conditional clause.] Defn: If; -- a word used by old English authors. Shak. Nay, an thou dalliest, then I am thy foe. B. Jonson. An if, and if; if.

AN

AN 'T An 't. Defn: An it, that is, and it or if it. See An, conj. [Obs.]

AN

AN'T An't. Defn: A contraction for are and am not; also used for is not; -- now usually written ain't. [Colloq. & illiterate speech.]

ANA

ANA- Ana-. Etym: [/Gr. in comp., on, up, upwards.] Defn: A prefix in words from the Greek, denoting up, upward, throughout, backward, back, again, anew.

ANA

ANA Ana, adv. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Of each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana (or, contracted, aa), ., that is, of wine and honey, each, two ounces. An apothecary with a . . . long bill of anas. Dryden.

ANA

ANA *ana. Etym: [The neut. pl. ending of Latin adjectives in -anus.] Defn: A suffix to names of persons or places, used to denote a collection of notable sayings, literary gossip, anecdotes, etc. Thus, Scaligerana is a book containing the sayings of Scaliger, Johnsoniana of Johnson, etc. Note: Used also as a substantive; as, the French anas. It has been said that the table-talk of Selden is worth all the ana of the Continent. Hallam. -ANA -ana. [The neut. pl. ending of Latin adjectives in -anus.] Defn: A suffix to names of persons or places, used to denote a collection of notable sayings, literary gossip, anecdotes, etc. Thus, Scaligerana is a book containing the sayings of Scaliger, Johnsoniana of Johnson, etc. Used also as a substantive; as, the French anas. It has been said that the table-talk of Selden is worth all the ana of the Continent. Hallam.

ANABAPTISM

ANABAPTISM An`a*baptism, n. Etym: [L. anabaptismus, Gr. anabaptisme. See Anabaptize.] Defn: The doctrine of the Anabaptists.

ANABAPTIST

ANABAPTIST An`a*baptist, n. Etym: [LL. anabaptista, fr. Gr. as if : cf. F. anabaptiste.] Defn: A name sometimes applied to a member of any sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized in infancy. Note: In church history, the name Anabaptists usually designates a sect of fanatics who greatly disturbed the peace of Germany, the Netherlands, etc., in the Reformation period. In more modern times the name has been applied to those who do not regard infant baptism as real and valid baptism.

ANABAPTISTIC; ANABAPTISTICAL

ANABAPTISTIC; ANABAPTISTICAL An`a*bap*tistic, An`a*bap*tistic*al, a. Defn: Relating or attributed to the Anabaptists, or their doctrines. Milton. Bp. Bull.

ANABAPTISTRY

ANABAPTISTRY An`a*baptist*ry, n. Defn: The doctrine, system, or practice, of Anabaptists. [R.] Thus died this imaginary king; and Anabaptistry was suppressed in Munster. Pagitt.

ANABAPTIZE

ANABAPTIZE An`a*bap*tize, v. t. Etym: [Gr. Baptize.] Defn: To rebaptize; to rechristen; also, to rename. [R.] Whitlock.

ANABAS

ANABAS Ana*bas, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long out of water, and of making their way on land for considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing fishes.

ANABASIS

ANABASIS A*naba*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. 1. A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by Xenophon in his work called The Anabasis. The anabasis of Napoleon. De Quincey. 2. (Med.) Defn: The first period, or increase, of a disease; augmentation. [Obs.]

ANABATIC

ANABATIC An`a*batic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to anabasis; as, an anabatic fever. [Obs.]

ANABOLIC

ANABOLIC An`a*bolic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Pertaining to anabolism; an anabolic changes, or processes, more or less constructive in their nature.

ANABOLISM

ANABOLISM A*nabo*lism, n. (Physiol.) Defn: The constructive metabolism of the body, as distinguished from katabolism.

ANABRANCH

ANABRANCH Ana*branch, n. [Anastomosing + branch.] Defn: A branch of a river that re?nters, or anastomoses with, the main stream; also, less properly, a branch which loses itself in sandy soil. [Australia] Such branches of a river as after separation reunite, I would term anastomosing branches; or, if a word might be coined, anabranches, and the islands they form branch islands. Col. Jackson.

ANACAMPTIC

ANACAMPTIC An`a*camptic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Reflecting of reflected; as, an anacamptic sound (and echo). Note: The word was formerly applied to that part of optics which treats of reflection; the same as what is now called catoptric. See Catoptrics.

ANACAMPTICALLY

ANACAMPTICALLY An`a*camptic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By reflection; as, echoes are sound produced anacamptically. Hutton.

ANACAMPTICS

ANACAMPTICS An`a*camptics, n. 1. The science of reflected light, now called catoptrics. 2. The science of reflected sounds.

ANACANTHINI; ANACANTHS

ANACANTHINI; ANACANTHS An`a*canthi*ni, Ana*canths, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of teleostean fishes destitute of spiny fin-rays, as the cod.

ANACANTHOUS

ANACANTHOUS An`a*canthous, a. Defn: Spineless, as certain fishes.

ANACARDIACEOUS

ANACARDIACEOUS An`a*cardi*aceous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Belonging to, or resembling, a family, or order, of plants of which the cashew tree is the type, and the species of sumac are well known examples.

ANACARDIC

ANACARDIC An`a*cardic, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or derived from, the cashew nut; as, anacardic acid.

ANACARDIUM

ANACARDIUM An`a*cardi*um, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of plants including the cashew tree. See Cashew.

ANACATHARTIC

ANACATHARTIC An`a*ca*thartic, a. Etym: [Gr. i. e., by vomiting; Cathartic.] (Med.) Defn: Producing vomiting or expectoration. -- n. Defn: An anacatharic medicine; an expectorant or an emetic.

ANACHARIS

ANACHARIS An*acha*ris, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A fresh-water weed of the frog's-bit family (Hydrocharidace?), native to America. Transferred to England it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also waterweed and water thyme.

ANACHORET; ANACHORETICAL

ANACHORET; ANACHORETICAL An*acho*ret, n. An*ach`o*retic*al, a. Defn: See Anchoret, Anchoretic. [Obs.]

ANACHORISM

ANACHORISM An*acho*rism, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An error in regard to the place of an event or a thing; a referring something to a wrong place. [R.]

ANACHRONIC; ANACHRONICAL

ANACHRONIC; ANACHRONICAL An`a*chronic, An`a*chronic*al, a. Defn: Characterized by, or involving, anachronism; anachronistic.

ANACHRONISM

ANACHRONISM An*achro*nism, n. Etym: [Gr. anachronisme.] Defn: A misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early; falsification of chronological relation.

ANACHRONISTIC

ANACHRONISTIC An*ach`ro*nistic, a. Defn: Erroneous in date; containing an anachronism. T. Warton.

ANACHRONIZE

ANACHRONIZE An*achro*nize, v. t. Etym: [Gr. Defn: To refer to, or put into, a wrong time. [R.] Lowell.

ANACHRONOUS

ANACHRONOUS An*achro*nous, a. Defn: Containing an anachronism; anachronistic. -- An*achro*nous*ly, adv.

ANACLASTIC

ANACLASTIC An`a*clastic, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Opt.) Defn: Produced by the refraction of light, as seen through water; as, anaclastic curves. 2. Springing back, as the bottom of an anaclastic glass. Anaclastic glass, a glass or phial, shaped like an inverted funnel, and with a very thin convex bottom. By sucking out a little air, the bottom springs into a concave form with a smart crack; and by breathing or blowing gently into the orifice, the bottom, with a like noise, springs into its former convex form.

ANACLASTICS

ANACLASTICS An`a*clastics, n. (Opt.) Defn: That part of optics which treats of the refraction of light; -- commonly called dioptrics. Encyc. Brit.

ANACOENOSIS

ANACOENOSIS An`a*coe*nosis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure by which a speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their opinion on the point in debate. Walker.

ANACOLUTHIC

ANACOLUTHIC An`a*co*luthic, a. Defn: Lacking grammatical sequence. -- An`a*co*luthic*al*ly, adv.

ANACOLUTHON

ANACOLUTHON An`a*co*luthon, n. Etym: [Gr. (Gram.) Defn: A want of grammatical sequence or coherence in a sentence; an instance of a change of construction in a sentence so that the latter part does not syntactically correspond with the first part.

ANACONDA

ANACONDA An`a*conda, n. Etym: [Of Ceylonese origin] (Zo?l.) Defn: A large South American snake of the Boa family (Eunectes murinus), which lives near rivers, and preys on birds and small mammals. The name is also applied to a similar large serpent (Python tigris) of Ceylon.

ANACREONTIC

ANACREONTIC A*nac`re*ontic, a. Etym: [L. Anacreonticus.] Defn: Pertaining to, after the manner of, or in the meter of, the Greek poet Anacreon; amatory and convivial. De Quincey.

ANACREONTIC

ANACREONTIC A*nac`re*ontic, n. Defn: A poem after the manner of Anacreon; a sprightly little poem in praise of love and wine.

ANACROTIC

ANACROTIC An`a*crotic, a. (Physiol.) Defn: Pertaining to anachronism.

ANACROTISM

ANACROTISM A*nacro*tism, n. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in a sphygmographic tracing.

ANACRUSIS

ANACRUSIS An`a*crusis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Pros.) Defn: A prefix of one or two unaccented syllables to a verse properly beginning with an accented syllable.

ANADEM

ANADEM Ana*dem, n. Etym: [L. anadema, Gr. Defn: A garland or fillet; a chaplet or wreath. Drayton. Tennyson.

ANADIPLOSIS

ANADIPLOSIS An`a*di*plosis, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Rhet.) Defn: A repetition of the last word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, He retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes -- misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent.

ANADROM

ANADROM Ana*drom, n. Etym: [Cf. F. anadrome.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A fish that leaves the sea and ascends rivers.

ANADROMOUS

ANADROMOUS A*nadro*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: Ascending rivers from the sea, at certain seasons, for breeding, as the salmon, shad, etc. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Tending upwards; -- said of terns in which the lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the branch of the central stem. D. C. Eaton.

ANAEMIA

ANAEMIA A*n?mi*a, a. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: A morbid condition in which the blood is deficient in quality or in quantity.

ANAEMIC

ANAEMIC A*n?mic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an?mia.

ANAEROBIA; ANAEROBES

ANAEROBIA; ANAEROBES An*a`?r*obi*a, An*a?r*obes, n. pl. [NL. anaerobia; an-not + a?ro- + Gr. life.] (Bacteriol.) Defn: Ana?robic bacteria. They are called facultative ana?robia when able to live either in the presence or absence of free oxygen; obligate, or obligatory, ana?robia when they thrive only in its absence.

ANAEROBIC

ANAEROBIC An*a`?*robic, a. (Biol.) Defn: Relating to, or like, ana?robies; ara?robiotic.

ANAEROBIES

ANAEROBIES An*a?r*o*bies, n. pl. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Micro?rganisms which do not require oxygen, but are killed by it. Sternberg.

ANAEROBIOTIC

ANAEROBIOTIC An*a`?r*o*bi*otic, a. (Anat.) Defn: Related to, or of the nature of, ana?robies.

ANAESTHESIA

ANAESTHESIA An`?s*thesi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. anesth?sie. See ?sthetics.] (Med.) Defn: Entire or partial loss or absence of feeling or sensation; a state of general or local insensibility produced by disease or by the inhalation or application of an an?sthetic.

ANAESTHESIS

ANAESTHESIS An`?s*thesis, n. Defn: See An?sthesia.

ANAESTHETIC

ANAESTHETIC An`?s*thetic, a. (Med.) (a) Capable of rendering insensible; as, an?sthetic agents. (b) Characterized by, or connected with, insensibility; as, an an?sthetic effect or operation.

ANAESTHETIC

ANAESTHETIC An`?s*thetic, n. (Med.) Defn: That which produces insensibility to pain, as chloroform, ether, etc.

ANAESTHETIZATION

ANAESTHETIZATION An*?s`the*ti*zation, n. Defn: The process of an?sthetizing; also, the condition of the nervous system induced by an?sthetics.

ANAESTHETIZE

ANAESTHETIZE An*?sthe*tize, v. t. (Med.) Defn: To render insensible by an an?sthetic. Encyc. Brit.

ANAGLYPH

ANAGLYPH Ana*glyph, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Any sculptured, chased, or embossed ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo.

ANAGLYPHIC

ANAGLYPHIC An`a*glyphic, n. Defn: Work chased or embossed relief.

ANAGLYPHIC; ANAGLYPHICAL

ANAGLYPHIC; ANAGLYPHICAL An`a*glyphic, An`a*glyphic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to the art of chasing or embossing in relief; anaglyptic; -- opposed to diaglyptic or sunk work.

ANAGLYPTIC

ANAGLYPTIC An`a*glyptic, a. Etym: [L. anaglypticus, Gr. Anaglyph.] Defn: Relating to the art of carving, enchasing, or embossing in low relief.

<< Previous Page | Next Page >>


Home | Resources