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AMPHIBOLE Amphi*bole, n. Etym: [Gr. amphibole. Ha?y so named the genus from the great variety of color and composition assumed by the mineral.] (Min.) Defn: A common mineral embracing many varieties varying in color and in composition. It occurs in monoclinic crystals; also massive, generally with fibrous or columnar structure. The color varies from white to gray, green, brown, and black. It is a silicate of magnesium and calcium, with usually aluminium and iron. Some common varieties are tremolite, actinolite, asbestus, edenite, hornblende (the last name being also used as a general term for the whole species). Amphibole is a constituent of many crystalline rocks, as syenite, diorite, most varieties of trachyte, etc. See Hornblende.


AMPHIBOLIC Am`phi*bolic, a. 1. Of or pertaining to amphiboly; ambiguous; equivocal. 2. Of or resembling the mineral amphibole.


AMPHIBOLOGICAL Am*phib`o*logic*al, a. Defn: Of doubtful meaning; ambiguous. Amphibological expressions. Jer. Taylor. -- Am*phib`o*logic*al*ly, adv.


AMPHIBOLOGY Am`phi*bolo*gy, n.; pl. Amphibologies. Etym: [L. amphibologia, for amphibolia, fr. Gr. logia as if fr. Gr. amphibologie. See Amphiboly.] Defn: A phrase, discourse, or proposition, susceptible of two interpretations; and hence, of uncertain meaning. It differs from equivocation, which arises from the twofold sense of a single term.


AMPHIBOLOUS Am*phibo*lous, a. Etym: [L. amphibolus, Gr. Amphibole.] 1. Ambiguous; doubtful. [Obs.] Never was there such an amphibolous quarrel -- both parties declaring themselves for the king. Howell. 2. (Logic) Defn: Capable of two meanings. An amphibolous sentence is one that is capable of two meanings, not from the double sense of any of the words, but from its admitting of a double construction; e. g., The duke yet lives that Henry shall depose. Whately.


AMPHIBOLY Am*phibo*ly, n.; pl. Amphibolies. Etym: [L. amphibolia, Gr. amphibolie. See Amphibolous.] Defn: Ambiguous discourse; amphibology. If it oracle contrary to our interest or humor, we will create an amphiboly, a double meaning where there is none. Whitlock.


AMPHIBRACH Amphi*brach, n. Etym: [L. (Anc. Pros.) Defn: A foot of three syllables, the middle one long, the first and last short (as, h. In modern prosody the accented syllable takes the place of the long and the unaccented of the short; as, pro-phet''ic.


AMPHICARPIC; AMPHICARPOUS Am`phi*carpic, Am`phi*carpous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Producing fruit of two kinds, either as to form or time of ripening.


AMPHICHROIC Am`phi*chroic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.) Defn: Exhibiting or producing two colors, as substances which in the color test may change red litmus to blue and blue litmus to red.


AMPHICOELIAN; AMPHICOELOUS Am`phi*coeli*an, Am`phi*coelous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Having both ends concave; biconcave; -- said of vertebr?.


AMPHICOME Amphi*come, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A kind of figured stone, rugged and beset with eminences, anciently used in divination. [Obs.] Encyc. Brit.


AMPHICTYONIC Am*phic`ty*onic, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Amphictyons or their League or Council; as, an Amphictyonic town or state; the Amphictyonic body. W. Smith.


AMPHICTYONS Am*phicty*ons, n. pl. Etym: [L. Amphictyones, Gr. (Grecian Hist.) Defn: Deputies from the confederated states of ancient Greece to a congress or council. They considered both political and religious matters.


AMPHICTYONY Am*phicty*o*ny, n.; pl. Amphictyonies. Etym: [Gr. (Grecian Hist.) Defn: A league of states of ancient Greece; esp. the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of Greece.


AMPHID Amphid, n. Etym: [Gr. amphide.] (Chem.) Defn: A salt of the class formed by the combination of an acid and a base, or by the union of two oxides, two sulphides, selenides, or tellurides, as distinguished from a haloid compound. [R.] Berzelius.


AMPHIDISC Amphi*disc, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A peculiar small siliceous spicule having a denticulated wheel at each end; -- found in freshwater sponges.


AMPHIDROMICAL Am`phi*dromic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to an Attic festival at the naming of a child; -- so called because the friends of the parents carried the child around the hearth and then named it.


AMPHIGAMOUS Am*phiga*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having a structure entirely cellular, and no distinct sexual organs; -- a term applied by De Candolle to the lowest order of plants.


AMPHIGEAN Am`phi*gean, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Extending over all the zones, from the tropics to the polar zones inclusive.


AMPHIGEN Amphi*gen, n. Etym: [Gr. -gen: cf. F. amphig?ne.] (Chem.) Defn: An element that in combination produces amphid salt; -- applied by Berzelius to oxygen, sulphur, selenium, and tellurium. [R.]


AMPHIGENE Amphi*gene, n. (Min.) Defn: Leucite.


AMPHIGENESIS Am`phi*gene*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Sexual generation; amphigony.


AMPHIGENOUS Am*phige*nous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Increasing in size by growth on all sides, as the lichens.


AMPHIGONIC Am`phi*gonic, a. Defn: Pertaining to amphigony; sexual; as, amphigonic propagation. [R.]


AMPHIGONOUS Am*phigo*nous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Relating to both parents. [R.]


AMPHIGONY Am*phigo*ny, n. Defn: Sexual propagation. [R.]


AMPHIGORIC Am`phi*goric, a. Etym: [See Amphigory.] Defn: Nonsensical; absurd; pertaining to an amphigory.


AMPHIGORY Amphi*go*ry, n. Etym: [F. amphigouri, of uncertain derivation; perh. fr. Gr. Defn: A nonsense verse; a rigmarole, with apparent meaning, which on further attention proves to be meaningless. [Written also amphigouri.]


AMPHILOGISM; AMPHILOGY Am*philo*gism, Am*philo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] Defn: Ambiguity of speech; equivocation. [R.]


AMPHIMACER Am*phima*cer, n. Etym: [L. amphimacru, Gr. (Anc. Pros.) Defn: A foot of three syllables, the middle one short and the others long, as in cast. Andrews.


AMPHINEURA Am`phi*neura, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of Mollusca remarkable for the bilateral symmetry of the organs and the arrangement of the nerves.


AMPHIOXUS Am`phi*oxus, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A fishlike creature (Amphioxus lanceolatus), two or three inches long, found in temperature seas; -- also called the lancelet. Its body is pointed at both ends. It is the lowest and most generalized of the vertebrates, having neither brain, skull, vertebr?, nor red blood. It forms the type of the group Acrania, Leptocardia, etc.


AMPHIPNEUST Am*phipneust, n. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of a tribe of Amphibia, which have both lungs and gills at the same time, as the proteus and siren.


AMPHIPOD Amphi*pod, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Amphipoda.


AMPHIPOD; AMPHIPODAN Amphi*pod, Am*phipo*dan, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Amphipoda.


AMPHIPODA Am*phipo*da, n. pl. Etym: [NL., FR. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A numerous group of fourteen -- footed Crustacea, inhabiting both fresh and salt water. The body is usually compressed laterally, and the anterior pairs or legs are directed downward and forward, but the posterior legs are usually turned upward and backward. The beach flea is an example. See Tetradecapoda and Arthrostraca.


AMPHIPODOUS Am*phipo*dous, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Amphipoda.


AMPHIPROSTYLE Am*phipro*style, a. Etym: [L. amphiprostylos, Gr. amphiprostyle. See Prostyle.] (Arch.) Defn: Doubly prostyle; having columns at each end, but not at the sides. -- n. Defn: An amphiprostyle temple or edifice.


AMPHIRHINA Am`phi*rhina, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A name applied to the elasmobranch fishes, because the nasal sac is double.


AMPHISBAENA Am`phis*b?na, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving either way. Milton. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form, without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either way. See Illustration in Appendix. Note: The Gordius aquaticus, or hairworm, has been called an amphisb?na; but it belongs among the worms.


AMPHISBAENOID Am`phis*b?noid, a. Etym: [NL., fr. L. amphisbaena + -oid.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Like or pertaining to the lizards of the genus Amphisb?na.


AMPHISCII; AMPHISCIANS Am*phisci*i, Am*phiscians, n. pl. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The inhabitants of the tropic, whose shadows in one part of the year are cast to the north, and in the other to the south, according as the sun is south or north of their zenith.


AMPHISTOMOUS Am*phisto*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Having a sucker at each extremity, as certain entozoa, by means of which they adhere.


AMPHISTYLIC Am`phi*stylic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.) Defn: Having the mandibular arch articulated with the hyoid arch and the cranium, as in the cestraciont sharks; -- said of a skull.


AMPHITHEATER; AMPHITHEATRE Am`phi*thea*ter, Am`phi*thea*tre,, n. Etym: [L. amphitheatrum, fr. Gr. amphith?\'83tre. See Theater.] 1. An oval or circular building with rising tiers of seats about an open space called the arena. Note: The Romans first constructed amphitheaters for combats of gladiators and wild beasts. 2. Anything resembling an amphitheater in form; as, a level surrounded by rising slopes or hills, or a rising gallery in a theater.


AMPHITHEATRAL Am`phi*thea*tral, a. Etym: [L. amphitheatralis: cf. F. amphith?\'83tral.] Defn: Amphitheatrical; resembling an amphitheater.


AMPHITHEATRIC; AMPHITHEATRICAL Am`phi*the*atric, Am`phi*the*atric*al, a. Etym: [L. amphitheatricus.] Defn: Of, pertaining to, exhibited in, or resembling, an amphitheater.


AMPHITHEATRICALLY Am`phi*the*atric*al*ly, adv. Defn: In the form or manner of an amphitheater.


AMPHITROCHA Am*phitro*cha, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A kind of annelid larva having both a dorsal and a ventral circle of special cilia.


AMPHITROPAL; AMPHITROPOUS Am*phitro*pal, Am*phitro*pous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Having the ovule inverted, but with the attachment near the middle of one side; half anatropous.


AMPHIUMA Am`phi*uma, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of amphibians, inhabiting the Southern United States, having a serpentlike form, but with four minute limbs and two persistent gill openings; the Congo snake.


AMPHOPEPTONE Am`pho*peptone, n. Etym: [Gr. peptone.] (Physiol.) Defn: A product of gastric digestion, a mixture of hemipeptone and antipeptone.


AMPHORA Ampho*ra, n.; pl. Amophor?. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Ampul.] Defn: Among the ancients, a two-handled vessel, tapering at the bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.


AMPHORAL Ampho*ral, a. Etym: [L. amphoralis.] Defn: Pertaining to, or resembling, an amphora.


AMPHORIC Am*phoric, a. (Med.) Defn: Produced by, or indicating, a cavity in the lungs, not filled, and giving a sound like that produced by blowing into an empty decanter; as, amphoric respiration or resonance.


AMPHOTERIC Am`pho*teric, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Partly one and partly the other; neither acid nor alkaline; neutral. [R.] Smart.


AMPLE Ample, a. Etym: [F. ample, L. amplus, prob. for ambiplus full on both sides, the last syllable akin to L. plenus full. See Full, and cf. Double.] Defn: Large; great in size, extent, capacity, or bulk; spacious; roomy; widely extended. All the people in that ample house Did to that image bow their humble knees. Spenser. 2. Fully sufficient; abundant; liberal; copious; as, an ample fortune; ample justice. 3. Not contracted of brief; not concise; extended; diffusive; as, an ample narrative. Johnson. Syn. -- Full; spacious; extensive; wide; capacious; abundant; plentiful; plenteous; copious; bountiful; rich; liberal; munificent. -- Ample, Copious, Abundant, Plenteous. These words agree in representing a thing as large, but under different relations, according to the image which is used. Ample implies largeness, producing a sufficiency or fullness of supply for every want; as, ample stores or resources, ample provision. Copious carries with it the idea of flow, or of collection at a single point; as, a copious supply of materials. Copious matter of my song. Milton. Abundant and plenteous refer to largeness of quantity; as, abundant stores; plenteous harvests.


AMPLECTANT Am*plectant, a. Etym: [L. amplecti to embrace.] (Bot.) Defn: Clasping a support; as, amplectant tendrils. Gray.


AMPLENESS Ample*ness, n. Defn: The state or quality of being ample; largeness; fullness; completeness.


AMPLEXATION Am`plex*ation, n. Etym: [L. amplexari to embrace.] Defn: An embrace. [Obs.] An humble amplexation of those sacred feet. Bp. Hall.


AMPLEXICAUL Am*plexi*caul, a. Etym: [L. amplexus, p. p. of amplecti to encircle, to embrace + caulis stem: cf. F. amplexicaule.] (Bot.) Defn: Clasping or embracing a stem, as the base of some leaves. Gray.


AMPLIATE Ampli*ate, v. t. Etym: [L. ampliatus, p. p. of ampliare to make wider, fr. amplus. See Ample.] Defn: To enlarge. [R.] To maintain and ampliate the external possessions of your empire. Udall.


AMPLIATE Ampli*ate, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Having the outer edge prominent; said of the wings of insects.


AMPLIATION Am`pli*ation, n. Etym: [L. ampliatio: cf. F. ampliation.] 1. Enlargement; amplification. [R.] 2. (Civil Law) Defn: A postponement of the decision of a cause, for further consideration or re-argument.


AMPLIATIVE Ampli*a*tive, a. (Logic) Defn: Enlarging a conception by adding to that which is already known or received. All bodies possess power of attraction is an ampliative judgment; because we can think of bodies without thinking of attraction as one of their immediate primary attribute. Abp. W. Thomson.


AMPLIFICATE Am*plifi*cate, v. t. Etym: [L. amplificatus, p. p. of amplificare.] Defn: To amplify. [Obs.] Bailey.


AMPLIFICATION Am`pli*fi*cation, n. Etym: [L. amplificatio.] 1. The act of amplifying or enlarging in dimensions; enlargement; extension. 2. (Rhet.) Defn: The enlarging of a simple statement by particularity of description, the use of epithets, etc., for rhetorical effect; diffuse narrative or description, or a dilating upon all the particulars of a subject. Exaggeration is a species of amplification. Brande & C. I shall summarily, without any amplification at all, show in what manner defects have been supplied. Sir J. Davies. 3. The matter by which a statement is amplified; as, the subject was presented without amplifications.


AMPLIFICATIVE Am*plifi*ca*tive, a. Defn: Amplificatory.


AMPLIFICATORY Am*plifi*ca*to*ry, a. Defn: Serving to amplify or enlarge; amplificative. Morell.


AMPLIFIER Ampli*fi`er, n. Defn: One who or that which amplifies.


AMPLIFY Ampli*fy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amplified; p. pr. & vb. n. Amplifying.] Etym: [F. amplifier, L. amplificare. See Ample, -fy.] 1. To render larger, more extended, or more intense, and the like; -- used especially of telescopes, microscopes, etc. 2. (Rhet.) Defn: To enlarge by addition or discussion; to treat copiously by adding particulars, illustrations, etc.; to expand; to make much of. Troilus and Cressida was written by a Lombard author, but much amplified by our English translator. Dryden.


AMPLIFY Ampli*fy, v. i. 1. To become larger. [Obs.] Strait was the way at first, withouten light, But further in did further amplify. Fairfax. 2. To speak largely or copiously; to be diffuse in argument or description; to dilate; to expatiate; -- often with on or upon. Watts. He must often enlarge and amplify upon the subject he handles. South.


AMPLITUDE Ampli*tude, n. Etym: [L. amplitudo, fr. amplus: cf. F. amplitude. See Ample.] 1. State of being ample; extent of surface or space; largeness of dimensions; size. The cathedral of Lincoln . . . is a magnificent structure, proportionable to the amplitude of the diocese. Fuller. 2. Largeness, in a figurative sense; breadth; abundance; fullness. (a) Of extent of capacity or intellectual powers. Amplitude of mind. Milton. Amplitude of comprehension. Macaulay. (b) Of extent of means or resources. Amplitude of reward. Bacon. 3. (Astron.) (a) The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the center of the sun, or a star, at its rising or setting. At the rising, the amplitude is eastern or ortive: at the setting, it is western, occiduous, or occasive. It is also northern or southern, when north or south of the equator. (b) The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the foot of the vertical circle passing through any star or object. 4. (Gun.) Defn: The horizontal line which measures the distance to which a projectile is thrown; the range. 5. (Physics) Defn: The extent of a movement measured from the starting point or position of equilibrium; -- applied especially to vibratory movements. 6. (math.) Defn: An angle upon which the value of some function depends; -- a term used more especially in connection with elliptic functions. Magnetic amplitude, the angular distance of a heavenly body, when on the horizon, from the magnetic east or west point as indicated by the compass. The difference between the magnetic and the true or astronomical amplitude (see 3 above) is the variation of the compass.


AMPLY Amply, adv. Defn: In an ample manner.


AMPUL Ampul, n. Etym: [AS. ampella, ampolla, L. ampulla: cf. OF. ampolle, F. ampoule.] Defn: Same as Ampulla, 2.


AMPULLA Am*pulla, n.; pl. Ampull?. Etym: [L. ] 1. (Rom. Antiq.) Defn: A narrow-necked vessel having two handles and bellying out like a jug. 2. (Eccl.) (a) A cruet for the wine and water at Mass. (b) The vase in which the holy oil for chrism, unction, or coronation is kept. Shipley. 3. (Biol.) Defn: Any membranous bag shaped like a leathern bottle, as the dilated end of a vessel or duct; especially the dilations of the semicircular canals of the ear.


AMPULLACEOUS Am`pul*laceous, a. Etym: [L. ampullaceus, fr. ampulla.] Defn: Like a bottle or inflated bladder; bottle-shaped; swelling. Kirby. Ampullaceous sac (Zo?l.), one of the peculiar cavities in the tissues of sponges, containing the zooidal cells.


AMPULLAR; AMPULLARY Ampul*lar, Am`pul*la*ry, a. Defn: Resembling an ampulla.


AMPULLATE; AMPULLATED Ampul*late, Ampul*la`ted a. Defn: Having an ampulla; flask-shaped; bellied.


AMPULLIFORM Am*pulli*form, a. Etym: [Ampulla + -form.] Defn: Flask-shaped; dilated.


AMPUTATE Ampu*tate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amputated; p. pr. & vb. n. Amputating.] Etym: [L. amputatus, p. p. of amputare: amb- + putare to prune, putus clean, akin to E. pure. See Putative.] 1. To prune or lop off, as branches or tendrils. 2. (Surg.) Defn: To cut off (a limb or projecting part (of the body). Wiseman.


AMPUTATION Am`pu*tation, n. Etym: [L. amputatio: cf. F. amputation.] Defn: The act amputating; esp. the operation of cutting of a limb or projecting part of the body.


AMPUTATOR Ampu*tator, n. Defn: One who amputates.


AMPYX Ampyx, n. Etym: [Gr. (Greek Antiq.) Defn: A woman's headband (sometimes of metal), for binding the front hair.


AMRITA Am*rita, n. Etym: [Skr. amrita.] (Hind. Myth.) Defn: Immorality; also, the nectar conferring immortality. -- a. Ambrosial; immortal.


AMSEL; AMZEL Amsel, Amzel, n. Etym: [Ger. See Ousel.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The European ring ousel (Turdus torquatus).


AMT Amt, n.; pl. Amter (#), E. Amts (#). [Dan. & Norw., fr. G.] Defn: An administrative territorial division in Denmark and Norway. Each of the provinces [of Denmark] is divided into several amts, answering . . . to the English hundreds. Encyc. Brit.


AMUCK A*muck, a. & adv. Etym: [Malay amoq furious.] Defn: In a frenzied and reckless. To run amuck, to rush out in a state of frenzy, as the Malays sometimes do under the influence of bhang, and attack every one that comes in the way; to assail recklessly and indiscriminately. Satire's my weapon, but I'm too discreet To run amuck, and tilt at all I meet. Pope.


AMULET Amu*let, n. Etym: [L. amuletum: cf. F. amulette.] Defn: An ornament, gem, or scroll, or a package containing a relic, etc., worn as a charm or preservative against evils or mischief, such as diseases and witchcraft, and generally inscribed with mystic forms or characters. Note: [Also used figuratively.]


AMULETIC Am`u*letic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to an amulet; operating as a charm.


AMURCOUS A*murcous, a. Etym: [LL. amurcous, L. amurca the dregs of olives, Gr. Defn: Full off dregs; foul. [R.] Knowles.


AMUSABLE A*musa*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. amusable.] Defn: Capable of being amused.


AMUSE A*muse, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amused; p. pr. & vb. n. Amusing.] Etym: [F. amuser to make stay, to detain, to amuse, ad) + OF. muser. See Muse, v.] 1. To occupy or engage the attention of; to lose in deep thought; to absorb; also, to distract; to bewilder. [Obs.] Camillus set upon the Gauls when they were amused in receiving their gold. Holland. Being amused with grief, fear, and fright, he could not find the house. Fuller. 2. To entertain or occupy in a pleasant manner; to stir with pleasing or mirthful emotions; to divert. A group children amusing themselves with pushing stones from the top [of the cliff], and watching as they plunged into the lake. Gilpin. 3. To keep in extraction; to beguile; to delude. He amused his followers with idle promises. Johnson. Syn. -- To entertain; gratify; please; divert; beguile; deceive; occupy. -- To Amuse, Divert, Entertain. We are amused by that which occupies us lightly and pleasantly. We are entertained by that which brings our minds into agreeable contact with others, as conversation, or a book. We are diverted by that which turns off our thoughts to something of livelier interest, especially of a sportive nature, as a humorous story, or a laughable incident. Whatever amuses serves to kill time, to lull the faculties, and to banish reflection. Whatever entertains usually a wakens the understanding or gratifies the fancy. Whatever diverts is lively in its nature, and sometimes tumultuous in its effects. Crabb.


AMUSE A*muse, v. i. Defn: To muse; to mediate. [Obs.]


AMUSED A*mused, a. 1. Diverted. 2. Expressing amusement; as, an amused look.


AMUSEMENT A*musement, n. Etym: [Cf. F. amusement.] 1. Deep thought; muse. [Obs.] Here I . . . fell into a strong and deep amusement, revolving in my mind, with great perplexity, the amazing change of our affairs. Fleetwood. 2. The state of being amused; pleasurable excitement; that which amuses; diversion. His favorite amusements were architecture and gardening. Macaulay. Syn. -- Diversion; entertainment; recreation; relaxation; pastime; sport.


AMUSER A*muser, n. Defn: One who amuses.


AMUSETTE Am`u*sette, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: A light field cannon, or stocked gun mounted on a swivel.


AMUSING A*musing, a. Defn: Giving amusement; diverting; as, an amusing story. -- A*musing*ly, adv.


AMUSIVE A*musive, a. Defn: Having power to amuse or entertain the mind; fitted to excite mirth. [R.] -- A*musive*ly, adv. -- A*musive*ness, n.

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