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AMMA Amma, n. Etym: [LL. amma, prob. of interjectional or imitative origin: cf. Sp. ama, G. amme, nurse, Basque ama mother, Heb. , Ar. immun, ummun.] Defn: An abbes or spiritual mother.


AMMETER Amme*ter, n. (Physics) Defn: A contraction of amperometer or amp?remeter.


AMMIRAL Ammi*ral, n. Defn: An obsolete form of admiral. The mast of some great ammiral. Milton.


AMMITE Ammite, n. Etym: [Gr. (Geol.) Defn: O?lite or roestone; -- written also hammite. [Obs.]


AMMODYTE Ammo*dyte, n. Etym: [L. ammodytes, Gr. (Zo?l.) (a) One of a genus of fishes; the sand eel. (b) A kind of viper in southern Europe. [Obs.]


AMMONAL Ammo*nal`, n. [Ammonium + aluminium.] Defn: An explosive consisting of a mixture of powdered aluminium and nitrate of ammonium.


AMMONIA Am*moni*a, n. Etym: [From sal ammoniac, which was first obtaining near the temple of Jupiter Ammon, by burning camel's dung. See Ammoniac.] (Chem.) Defn: A gaseous compound of hydrogen and nitrogen, NH3, with a pungent smell and taste: -- often called volatile alkali, and spirits of hartshorn.


AMMONIAC; AMMONIACAL Am*moni*ac, Am`mo*nia*cal, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to ammonia, or possessing its properties; as, an ammoniac salt; ammoniacal gas. Ammoniacal engine, an engine in which the vapor of ammonia is used as the motive force. -- Sal ammoniac Etym: [L. sal ammoniacus], the salt usually called chloride of ammonium, and formerly muriate of ammonia.


AMMONIAC; GUM AMMONIAC Am*moni*ac ([or] Gum` am*moni*ac , n. Etym: [L. Ammoniacum, Gr. Ammon; cf. F. ammoniac. See Ammonite.] (Med.) Defn: The concrete juice (gum resin) of an umbelliferous plant, the Dorema ammoniacum. It is brought chiefly from Persia in the form of yellowish tears, which occur singly, or are aggregated into masses. It has a peculiar smell, and a nauseous, sweet taste, followed by a bitter one. It is inflammable, partially soluble in water and in spirit of wine, and is used in medicine as an expectorant and resolvent, and for the formation of certain plasters.


AMMONIACAL FERMENTATION Am`mo*nia*cal fer`men*tation. Defn: Any fermentation process by which ammonia is formed, as that by which urea is converted into ammonium carbonate when urine is exposed to the air.


AMMONIATED Am*moni*a`ted, a. (Chem.) Defn: Combined or impregnated with ammonia.


AMMONIC Am*monic, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to ammonia.


AMMONITE Ammon*ite, n. Etym: [L. cornu Ammonis born of Ammon; L. Ammon, Gr. Amun.] (Paleon.) Defn: A fossil cephalopod shell related to the nautilus. There are many genera and species, and all are extinct, the typical forms having existed only in the Mesozoic age, when they were exceedingly numerous. They differ from the nautili in having the margins of the septa very much lobed or plaited, and the siphuncle dorsal. Also called serpent stone, snake stone, and cornu Ammonis.


AMMONITIFEROUS Am`mon*i*tifer*ous, a. Etym: [Ammonite + -ferous.] Defn: Containing fossil ammonites.


AMMONITOIDEA Am*mon`i*toide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Ammonite + -oid.] (Zo?l.) Defn: An extensive group of fossil cephalopods often very abundant in Mesozoic rocks. See Ammonite.


AMMONIUM Am*moni*um, n. Etym: [See Ammonia.] (Chem.) Defn: A compound radical, NH4, having the chemical relations of a strongly basic element like the alkali metals.


AMMUNITION Am`mu*nition, n. Etym: [F. amunition, for munition, prob. caused by taking la munition as l'amunition. See Munition.] 1. Military stores, or provisions of all kinds for attack or defense. [Obs.] 2. Articles used in charging firearms and ordnance of all kinds; as powder, balls, shot, shells, percussion caps, rockets, etc. 3. Any stock of missiles, literal or figurative. Ammunition bread, shoes, etc., such as are contracted for by government, and supplied to the soldiers. [Eng.]


AMMUNITION Am`mu*nition, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ammunitioned; p pr. & vb. n. Ammunitioning.] Defn: To provide with ammunition.


AMNESIA Am*nesi*a, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Med.) Defn: Forgetfulness; also, a defect of speech, from cerebral disease, in which the patient substitutes wrong words or names in the place of those he wishes to employ. Quian.


AMNESIC Am*nesic, a. (Med.) Defn: Of or pertaining to amnesia. Amnesic or co?rdinate defects. Quian.


AMNESTIC Am*nestic, a. Defn: Causing loss of memory.


AMNESTY Amnes*ty, n. Etym: [L. amnestia, Gr. amnistie, earlier amnestie. See Mean, v.] 1. Forgetfulness; cessation of remembrance of wrong; oblivion. 2. An act of the sovereign power granting oblivion, or a general pardon, for a past offense, as to subjects concerned in an insurrection.


AMNESTY Amnes*ty, v. t. [imp. p. p. Amnestied; p. pr. & vb. n. Amnestying.] Defn: To grant amnesty to.


AMNICOLIST Am*nico*list, n. Etym: [L. amnicola, amnis a river + colere to dwell.] Defn: One who lives near a river. [Obs.] Bailey.


AMNIGENOUS Am*nige*nous, a. Etym: [L. amnigena; amnis a river + root gen of gignere to beget.] Defn: Born or bred in, of, or near a river. [Obs.] Bailey.


AMNION Amni*on, n. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.) Defn: A thin membrane surrounding the embryos of mammals, birds, and reptiles.


AMNIOS Amni*os, n. Defn: Same as Amnion.


AMNIOTA Am`ni*ota, n. pl. Etym: [NL. See Amnion.] (Zo?l.) Defn: That group of vertebrates which develops in its embryonic life the envelope called the amnion. It comprises the reptiles, the birds, and the mammals.


AMNIOTIC Am`ni*otic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. amniotique.] (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the amnion; characterized by an amnion; as, the amniotic fluid; the amniotic sac. Amniotic acid. (Chem.) [R.] See Allantoin.


AMOEBA A*moeba, n; pl. L. Amoeb?; E. Amoebas. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A rhizopod. common in fresh water, capable of undergoing many changes of form at will. See Rhizopoda.


AMOEBAEUM Am`oe*b?um, n. Etym: [L. amoebaeus, Gr. amoebaeum carmen, Gr. Defn: A poem in which persons are represented at speaking alternately; as the third and seventh eclogues of Virgil.


AMOEBEA Am`oe*bea, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zo?l.) Defn: That division of the Rhizopoda which includes the amoeba and similar forms.


AMOEBEAN Am`oe*bean, a. Defn: Alternately answering.


AMOEBIAN A*moebi*an, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Amoebea.


AMOEBIFORM; AMOEBOID A*moebi*form, A*moeboid, a. Etym: [Amoeba + -form or -oid.] (Biol.) Defn: Resembling an amoeba; amoeba-shaped; changing in shape like an amoeba. Amoeboid movement, movement produced, as in the amoeba, by successive processes of prolongation and retraction.


AMOEBOUS A*moebous, a. Defn: Like an amoeba in structure.


AMOLE A*mole, n. [Mex.] (Bot.) Defn: Any detergent plant, or the part of it used as a detergent, as the roots of Agave Americana, Chlorogalum pomeridianum, etc. [Sp. Amer. & Mex.]


AMOLITION Am`o*lition, n. Etym: [L. amolitio, fr. amoliri to remove; a (ab) + moliri to put in motion.] Defn: Removal; a putting away. [Obs.] Bp. Ward (1673).


AMOMUM A*momum, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of aromatic plants. It includes species which bear cardamoms, and grains of paradise.


AMONESTE A*moneste, v. t. Defn: To admonish. [Obs.]


AMONG; AMONGST A*mong, A*mongst, prep. Etym: [OE. amongist, amonges, amonge, among, AS. onmang, ongemang, gemang, in a crowd or mixture. For the ending -st see Amidst. See Mingle.] 1. Mixed or mingled; surrounded by. They heard, And from his presence hid themselves among The thickest trees. Milton. 2. Conjoined, or associated with, or making part of the number of; in the number or class of. Blessed art thou among women. Luke i. 28. 3. Expressing a relation of dispersion, distribution, etc.; also, a relation of reciprocal action. What news among the merchants Shak. Human sacrifices were practiced among them. Hume. Divide that gold amongst you. Marlowe. Whether they quarreled among themselves, or with their neighbors. Addison. Syn. -- Amidst; between. See Amidst, Between.


AMONTILLADO A*mon`til*lado, n. Etym: [Sp.] Defn: A dry kind of cherry, of a light color. Simmonds.


AMORET Amo*ret, n. Etym: [OF. amorette, F. amourette, dim. of amour.] 1. An amorous girl or woman; a wanton. [Obs.] J. Warton. 2. A love knot, love token, or love song. (pl.) Love glances or love tricks. [Obs.] 3. A petty love affair or amour. [Obs.]


AMORETTE Amo*rette, n. Defn: An amoret. [Obs.] Rom. of R.


AMORIST Amo*rist, n. Etym: [L. armor love. See Amorous.] Defn: A lover; a gallant. [R.] Milton. It was the custom for an amorist to impress the name of his mistress in the dust, or upon the damp earth, with letters fixed upon his shoe. Southey. A-MORNINGS A-mornings, adv. Etym: [See Amorwe. The -s is a genitival ending. See -wards.] Defn: In the morning; every morning. [Obs.] And have such pleasant walks into the woods A-mornings. J. Fletcher.


AMOROSA Am`o*rosa, n. Etym: [It. amoroso, fem. amorosa.] Defn: A wanton woman; a courtesan. Sir T. Herbert.


AMOROSITY Am`o*rosi*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being amorous; lovingness. [R.] Galt.


AMOROSO Am`o*roso, n. Etym: [It. amoroso, LL. amorosus.] Defn: A lover; a man enamored.


AMOROSO Am`o*roso, adv. Etym: [It.] (Mus.) Defn: In a soft, tender, amatory style.


AMOROUS Amo*rous, a. Etym: [OF. amoros, F. amoreux, LL. amorosus, fr. L. amor love, fr. amare to love.] 1. Inclined to love; having a propensity to love, or to sexual enjoyment; loving; fond; affectionate; as, an amorous disposition. 2. Affected with love; in love; enamored; -- usually with of; formerly with on. Thy roses amorous of the moon. Keats. High nature amorous of the good. Tennyson. Sure my brother is amorous on Hero. Shak. 3. Of or relating to, or produced by, love. Amorous delight. Milton. Amorous airs. Waller. Syn. -- Loving; fond; tender; passionate; affectionate; devoted; ardent.


AMOROUSLY Amo*rous*ly, adv. Defn: In an amorous manner; fondly.


AMOROUSNESS Amo*rous*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being amorous, or inclined to sexual love; lovingness.


AMORPHA A*morpha, n.; pl. Amorphas. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of leguminous shrubs, having long clusters of purple flowers; false or bastard indigo. Longfellow.


AMORPHISM A*morphism, n. Etym: [See Amorphous.] Defn: A state of being amorphous; esp. a state of being without crystallization even in the minutest particles, as in glass, opal, etc. Note: There are stony substances which, when fused, may cool as glass or as stone; the glass state is spoken of as a state of amorphism.


AMORPHOUS A*morphous, a. Etym: [Gr. 1. Having no determinate form; of irregular; shapeless. Kirwan. 2. Without crystallization in the ultimate texture of a solid substance; uncrystallized. 3. Of no particular kind or character; anomalous. Scientific treatises . . . are not seldom rude and amorphous in style. Hare. -- A*morphous*ly, adv. -- A*morphous*ness, n.


AMORPHOZOA A*mor`pho*zoa, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Animals without a mouth or regular internal organs, as the sponges.


AMORPHOZOIC A*mor`pho*zoic, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Amorphozoa.


AMORPHY A*morphy, n. Etym: [Gr. amorphie. See Amorphous.] Defn: Shapelessness. [Obs.] Swift.


AMORT A*mort, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + F. mort death, dead; all amort is for alamort.] Defn: As if dead; lifeless; spiritless; dejected; depressed. Shak.


AMORTISE; AMORTISATION; AMORTISABLE; AMORTISEMENT A*mortise, v., A*mor`ti*sation, n., A*mortis*a*ble, a., A*mortise*ment, n. Defn: Same as Amortize, Amortization, etc.


AMORTIZABLE A*mortiz*a*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. amortissable.] Defn: Capable of being cleared off, as a debt.


AMORTIZATION A*mor`ti*zation, n. Etym: [LL. amortisatio, admortizatio. See Amortize, and cf. Admortization.] 1. (Law) Defn: The act or right of alienating lands to a corporation, which was considered formerly as transferring them to dead hands, or in mortmain. 2. The extinction of a debt, usually by means of a sinking fund; also, the money thus paid. Simmonds.


AMORTIZE A*mortize, v. t. Etym: [OE. amortisen, LL. amortisare, admortizare, F. amortir to sell in mortmain, to extinguish; L. ad + mors death. See Mortmain]. 1. To make as if dead; to destroy. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. (Law) Defn: To alienate in mortmain, that is, to convey to a corporation. See Mortmain. 3. To clear off or extinguish, as a debt, usually by means of a sinking fund.


AMORTIZEMENT A*mortize*ment, n. Etym: [F. amortissement.] Defn: Same as Amortization.


AMORWE A*morwe, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- on + OE. morwe. See Morrow.] 1. In the morning. [Obs.] Chaucer. 2. On the following morning. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AMOTION A*motion, n. Etym: [L. amotio. See Amove.] 1. Removal; ousting; especially, the removal of a corporate officer from his office. 2. Deprivation of possession.


AMOTUS A*motus, a. Etym: [L., withdrawn (from it (Zo?l.) Defn: Elevated, -- as a toe, when raised so high that the tip does not touch the ground.


AMOUNT A*mount, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Amounted; p. pr. & vb. n. Amounting.] Etym: [OF. amonter to increase, advance, ascend, fr. amont (equiv. to L. ad montem to the mountain) upward, F. amont up the river. See Mount, n.] 1. To go up; to ascend. [Obs.] So up he rose, and thence amounted straight. Spenser. 2. To rise or reach by an accumulation of particular sums or quantities; to come (to) in the aggregate or whole; -- with to or unto. 3. To rise, reach, or extend in effect, substance, or influence; to be equivalent; to come practically (to); as, the testimony amounts to very little.


AMOUNT A*mount, v. t. Defn: To signify; to amount to. [Obs.]


AMOUNT A*mount, n. 1. The sum total of two or more sums or quantities; the aggregate; the whole quantity; a totality; as, the amount of 7 and 9 is 16; the amount of a bill; the amount of this year's revenue. 2. The effect, substance, value, significance, or result; the sum; as, the amount of the testimony is this. The whole amount of that enormous fame. Pope.


AMOUR A*mour, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. amor love.] 1. Love; affection. [Obs.] 2. Love making; a love affair; usually, an unlawful connection in love; a love intrigue; an illicit love affair. In amours with, in love with. [Obs.]


AMOUR PROPRE Amour` propre. Etym: [F.] Defn: Self-love; self-esteem.


AMOVABILITY A*mov`a*bili*ty, n. Defn: Liability to be removed or dismissed from office. [R.] T. Jefferson.


AMOVABLE A*mova*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. amovible.] Defn: Removable.


AMOVE A*move, v. t. Etym: [L. amovere; a- (ab) + movere to move: cf. OF. amover.] 1. To remove, as a person or thing, from a position. [Obs.] Dr. H. More. 2. (Law) Defn: To dismiss from an office or station.


AMOVE A*move, v. t. & i. Etym: [OE. amovir, L. admovere to move to, to excite; ad + movere.] Defn: To move or be moved; to excite. [Obs.] Spenser.


AMPELITE Ampe*lite, n. Etym: [L. ampelitis, Gr. (Min.) Defn: An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill insects, etc., on vines; -- applied by Brongniart to a carbonaceous alum schist.


AMPELOPSIS Am`pe*lopsis (am`pe*lopsis), n. [NL., fr. Gr. 'a`mpelos vine + 'o`psis appearance.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus formerly including the Virginia creeper.


AMPERAGE Am*perage, n. (Elec.) Defn: The strength of a current of electricity carried by a conductor or generated by a machine, measured in amp?res.


AMPERE FOOT Am`p?re foot. (Elec.) Defn: A unit, employed in calculating fall of pressure in distributing mains, equivalent to a current of one amp?re flowing through one foot of conductor.


AMPERE HOUR; AMPERE MINUTE; AMPERE SECOND Amp?re hour. (Elec.) Defn: The quantity of electricity delivered in one hour by a current whose average strength is one amp?re. It is used as a unit of quantity, and is equal to 3600 coulombs. The terms Amp?re minute and Amp?re second are sometimes similarly used.


AMPERE TURN Amp?re turn. (Elec.) Defn: A unit equal to the product of one complete convolution (of a coiled conductor) into one amp?re of current; thus, a conductor having five convolutions and carrying a current of half an amp?re is said to have 2? amp?re turns. The magnetizing effect of a coil is proportional to the number of its amp?re turns.


AMPERE; AMPERE Am`p?re, Am*pere, n. Etym: [From the name of a French electrician.] (Elec.) Defn: The unit of electric current; -- defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893 and by U. S. Statute as, one tenth of the unit of current of the C. G. S. system of electro-magnetic units, or the practical equivalent of the unvarying current which, when passed through a standard solution of nitrate of silver in water, deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 grams per second. Called also the international amp?re.


AMPEREMETER; AMPEROMETER Am`p?reme`ter, Am`pe*rome*ter, n. Etym: [Amp?re + meter.] (Physics) Defn: An instrument for measuring the strength of an electrical current in amp?res.


AMPERSAND Amper*sand, n. Etym: [A corruption of and, per se and, i. e., & by itself makes and.] Defn: A word used to describe the character Halliwell.


AMPHI- Am*phi-. Etym: [Gr. Defn: A prefix in words of Greek origin, signifying both, of both kinds, on both sides, about, around.


AMPHIARTHRODIAL Am`phi*ar*throdi*al, a. Etym: [Pref. amphi- + arthrodial.] Defn: Characterized by amphiarthrosis.


AMPHIARTHROSIS Am`phi*ar*throsis, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Anat.) Defn: A form of articulation in which the bones are connected by intervening substance admitting slight motion; symphysis.


AMPHIASTER Amphi*as`ter, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Biol.) Defn: The achromatic figure, formed in mitotic cell-division, consisting of two asters connected by a spindle-shaped bundle of rodlike fibers diverging from each aster, and called the spindle.


AMPHIBIA Am*phibi*a, n. pl. Etym: [See Amphibium.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the classes of vertebrates. Note: The Amphibia are distinguished by having usually no scales, by having eggs and embryos similar to those of fishes, and by undergoing a complete metamorphosis, the young having gills. There are three living orders: (1) The tailless, as the frogs (Anura); (2) The tailed (Urodela), as the salamanders, and the siren group (Sirenoidea), which retain the gills of the young state (hence called Perennibranchiata) through the adult state, among which are the siren, proteus, etc.; (3) The Coecilians, or serpentlike Amphibia (Ophiomorpha or Gymnophiona), with minute scales and without limbs. The extinct Labyrinthodonts also belonged to this class. The term is sometimes loosely applied to both reptiles and amphibians collectively.


AMPHIBIAL Am*phibi*al (-al), a. & n. Defn: Amphibian. [R.]


AMPHIBIAN Am*phibi*an (-an), a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the Amphibia; as, amphibian reptiles.


AMPHIBIAN Am*phibi*an, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the Amphibia.


AMPHIBIOLOGICAL Am*phib`i*o*logic*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to amphibiology.


AMPHIBIOLOGY Am*phib`i*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy: cf. F. amphibiologie.] Defn: A treatise on amphibious animals; the department of natural history which treats of the Amphibia.


AMPHIBIOTICA Am*phib`i*oti*ca, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A division of insects having aquatic larv?.


AMPHIBIOUS Am*phibi*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. i. e., both on land in water; 1. Having the ability to live both on land and in water, as frogs, crocodiles, beavers, and some plants. 2. Pertaining to, adapted for, or connected with, both land and water. The amphibious character of the Greeks was already determined: they were to be lords of land and sea. Hare. 3. Of a mixed nature; partaking of two natures. Not in free and common socage, but in this amphibious subordinate class of villein socage. Blackstone.


AMPHIBIOUSLY Am*phibi*ous*ly, adv. Defn: Like an amphibious being.


AMPHIBIUM Am*phibi*um, n.; pl. L. Amphibia; E. Amphibiums. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. Amphibious.] Defn: An amphibian.


AMPHIBLASTIC Am`phi*blastic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Segmenting unequally; -- said of telolecithal ova with complete segmentation.

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