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ALUMINIFEROUS A*lu`mi*nifer*ous, a. Etym: [L. alumen alum + -ferous: cf. F. aluminif?re.] Defn: Containing alum.


ALUMINIFORM A*lumi*ni*form, a. Etym: [L. alumen + -form.] Defn: pertaining the form of alumina.


ALUMINIUM Al`u*mini*um, n. Etym: [L. alumen. See Alum.] (Chem.) Defn: The metallic base of alumina. This metal is white, but with a bluish tinge, and is remarkable for its resistance to oxidation, and for its lightness, pertaining a specific gravity of about 2.6. Atomic weight 27.08. Symbol Al. Aluminium bronze or gold, a pale gold- colored alloy of aluminium and copper, used for journal bearings, etc.


ALUMINIZE A*lumi*nize, v. t. Defn: To treat impregnate with alum; to alum.


ALUMINOGRAPHY A*lu`mi*nogra*phy, n. [Alumin-ium + -graphy.] Defn: Art or process of producing, and printing from, aluminium plates, after the manner of ordinary lithography. -- A*lu`mi*no*graphic (#), a.


ALUMINOUS A*lumi*nous, a. Etym: [L. aluminosus, fr. alumen alum: cf. F. alumineux.] Defn: Pertaining to or containing alum, or alumina; as, aluminous minerals, aluminous solution.


ALUMINUM A*lumi*num, n. Defn: See Aluminium.


ALUMISH Alum*ish, a. Defn: Somewhat like alum.


ALUMNA A*lumna, n. fem.; pl. Alumn? . Etym: [L. See Alumnus.] Defn: A female pupil; especially, a graduate of a school or college.


ALUMNUS A*lumnus, n.; pl. Alumni. Etym: [L., fr. alere to nourish.] Defn: A pupil; especially, a graduate of a college or other seminary of learning.


ALUNITE Alu*nite, n. (Min.) Defn: Alum stone.


ALUNOGEN A*luno*gen, n. Etym: [F. alun alum + -gen.] (Min.) Defn: A white fibrous mineral frequently found on the walls of mines and quarries, chiefly hydrous sulphate of alumina; -- also called feather alum, and hair salt.


ALURE Alure, n. Etym: [OF. alure, aleure, walk, gait, fr. aler (F. aller) to go.] Defn: A walk or passage; -- applied to passages of various kinds. The sides of every street were covered with fresh alures of marble. T. Warton.


ALUTACEOUS Alu*taceous, a. Etym: [L. alutacius, fr. aluta soft leather.] 1. Leathery. 2. Of a pale brown color; leather-yellow. Brande.


ALUTATION Al`u*tation, n. Etym: [See Alutaceous.] Defn: The tanning or dressing of leather. [Obs.] Blount.


ALVEARY Alve*a*ry, n.; pl. Alvearies. Etym: [L. alvearium, alveare, beehive, fr. alveus a hollow vessel, beehive, from alvus belly, beehive.] 1. A beehive, or something resembling a beehive. Barret. 2. (Anat.) Defn: The hollow of the external ear. Quincy.


ALVEATED Alve*a`ted, a. Etym: [L. alveatus hollowed out.] Defn: Formed or vaulted like a beehive.


ALVEOLAR Alve*o*lar, a. Etym: [L. alveolus a small hollow or cavity: cf. F. alv?olaire.] (Anat.) Defn: Of, pertaining to, or resembling, alveoli or little cells, sacs, or sockets. Alveolar processes, the processes of the maxillary bones, containing the sockets of the teeth.


ALVEOLARY Alve*o*la*ry, a. Defn: Alveolar. [R.]


ALVEOLATE Alve*o*late, a. Etym: [L. alveolatus, fr. alveolus.] (Bot.) Defn: Deeply pitted, like a honeycomb.


ALVEOLE Alve*ole, n. Defn: Same as Alveolus.


ALVEOLIFORM Al*veo*li*form, a. Etym: [L. alvelous + -form.] Defn: Having the form of alveoli, or little sockets, cells, or cavities.


ALVEOLUS Al*veo*lus, n.; pl. Alveoli. Etym: [L., a small hollow or cavity, dim. of alveus: cf. F. alv?ole. See Alveary.] 1. A cell in a honeycomb. 2. (Zo?l.) Defn: A small cavity in a coral, shell, or fossil 3. (Anat.) Defn: A small depression, sac, or vesicle, as the socket of a tooth, the air cells of the lungs, the ultimate saccules of glands, etc.


ALVEUS Alve*us, n.; pl. Alvei. Etym: [L.] Defn: The channel of a river. Weate.


ALVINE Alvine, a. Etym: [L. alvus belly: cf. F. alvin.] Defn: Of, from, in, or pertaining to, the belly or the intestines; as, alvine discharges; alvine concretions.


ALWAY Alway, adv. Defn: Always. [Archaic or Poetic] I would not live alway. Job vii. 16.


ALWAYS Always, adv. Etym: [All + way. The s is an adverbial (orig. a genitive) ending.] 1. At all times; ever; perpetually; throughout all time; continually; as, God is always the same. Even in Heaven his [Mammon's] looks and thoughts. Milton. 2. Constancy during a certain period, or regularly at stated intervals; invariably; uniformly; -- opposed to sometimes or occasionally. He always rides a black galloway. Bulwer.


ALYSSUM A*lyssum, n. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of cruciferous plants; madwort. The sweet alyssum (A. maritimum), cultivated for bouquets, bears small, white, sweet- scented flowers.


AM Am. Etym: [AS. am, eom, akin to Gothic im, Icel. em, Olr. am, Lith. esmi, L. sum., Gr. ahmi, Skr. asmi, fr. a root as to be. Are, and cf. Be, Was.] Defn: The first person singular of the verb be, in the indicative mode, present tense. See Be. God said unto Moses, I am that am. Exod. iii. 14.


AMABILITY Am`a*bili*ty, n. Etym: [L. amabilitas.] Defn: Lovableness. Jer. Taylor. Note: The New English Dictionary (Murray) says this word is usefully distinct from Amiability.


AMACRATIC Am`a*cratic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Photog.) Defn: Amasthenic. Sir J. Herschel.


AMADAVAT Am`a*da*vat, n. Etym: [Indian name. From Ahmedabad, a city from which it was imported to Europe.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The strawberry finch, a small Indian song bird (Estrelda amandava), commonly caged and kept for fighting. The female is olive brown; the male, in summer, mostly crimson; -- called also red waxbill. [Written also amaduvad and avadavat.]


AMADOU Ama*dou, n. Etym: [F. amadou tinder, prop. lure, bait, fr. amadouer to allure, caress, perh. fr. Icel. mata to feed, which is akin to E. meat.] Defn: A spongy, combustible substance, prepared from fungus (Boletus and Polyporus) which grows on old trees; German tinder; punk. It has been employed as a styptic by surgeons, but its common use is as tinder, for which purpose it is prepared by soaking it in a strong solution of niter. Ure.


AMAIN A*main, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + main. See 2d Main, n.] 1. With might; with full force; vigorously; violently; exceedingly. They on the hill, which were not yet come to blows, perceiving the fewness of their enemies, came down amain. Milton. That striping giant, ill-bred and scoffing, shouts amain. T. Parker. 2. At full speed; in great haste; also, at once. They fled amain. Holinshed.


AMAIN A*main, v. t. Etym: [F. amener. See Amenable.] (Naut.) Defn: To lower, as a sail, a yard, etc.


AMAIN A*main, v. i. (Naut.) Defn: To lower the topsail, in token of surrender; to yield.


AMALGAM A*malgam, n. Etym: [F. amalgame, prob. fr. L. malagma, Gr. 1. An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals; as, an amalgam of tin, bismuth, etc. Note: Medalists apply the term to soft alloys generally. 2. A mixture or compound of different things. 3. (Min.) Defn: A native compound of mercury and silver.


AMALGAM A*malgam, v. t. Etym: [Cf. F. amalgamer] Defn: To amalgamate. Boyle. B. Jonson.


AMALGAMA A*malga*ma, n. Defn: Same as Amalgam. They divided this their amalgama into a number of incoherent republics. Burke.


AMALGAMATE A*malga*mate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amalgamated; p. pr. & vb. n. Amalgamating.] 1. To compound or mix, as quicksilver, with another metal; to unite, combine, or alloy with mercury. 2. To mix, so as to make a uniform compound; to unite or combine; as, to amalgamate two races; to amalgamate one race with another. Ingratitude is indeed their four cardinal virtues compacted and amalgamated into one. Burke.


AMALGAMATE A*malga*mate, v. i. 1. To unite in an amalgam; to blend with another metal, as quicksilver. 2. To coalesce, as a result of growth; to combine into a uniform whole; to blend; as, two organs or parts amalgamate.


AMALGAMATE; AMALGAMATED A*malga*mate, A*malga*ma`ted, a. Defn: Coalesced; united; combined.


AMALGAMATION A*mal`ga*mation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. amalgamation.] 1. The act or operation of compounding mercury with another metal; -- applied particularly to the process of separating gold and silver from their ores by mixing them with mercury. Ure. 2. The mixing or blending of different elements, races, societies, etc.; also, the result of such combination or blending; a homogeneous union. Macaulay.


AMALGAMATIVE A*malga*ma*tive, a. Defn: Characterized by amalgamation.


AMALGAMATOR A*malga*ma`tor, n. Defn: One who, or that which, amalgamates. Specifically: A machine for separating precious metals from earthy particles by bringing them in contact with a body of mercury with which they form an amalgam.


AMALGAMIZE A*malga*mize, v. t. Defn: To amalgamate. [R.]


AMANDINE A*mandine, n. Etym: [F. amande almond. See Almond.] 1. The vegetable casein of almonds. 2. A kind of cold cream prepared from almonds, for chapped hands, etc.


AMANITA Am`a*nita, n. [NL. See Amanitine.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of poisonous fungi of the family Agaricace?, characterized by having a volva, an annulus, and white spores. The species resemble edible mushrooms, and are frequently mistaken for them. Amanita muscaria, syn. Agaricus muscarius, is the fly amanita, or fly agaric; and A. phalloides is the death cup.


AMANITINE A*mani*tine, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The poisonous principle of some fungi.


AMANUENSIS A*man`u*ensis, n.; pl. Amanuenses. Etym: [L., fr. a, ab + manus hand.] Defn: A person whose employment is to write what another dictates, or to copy what another has written.


AMARACUS A*mara*cus, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. Defn: A fragrant flower. Tennyson.


AMARANT Ama*rant, n. Defn: Amaranth, 1. [Obs.] Milton.


AMARANTACEOUS Am`a*ran*taceous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the amaranth is the type.


AMARANTH Ama*ranth, n. Etym: [L. amarantus, Gr. mortal; -- so called because its flowers do not soon wither: cf. F. amarante. The spelling with th seems to be due to confusion with Gr. 1. An imaginary flower supposed never to fade. [Poetic] 2. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of ornamental annual plants (Amaranthus) of many species, with green, purplish, or crimson flowers. 2. A color inclining to purple.


AMARANTHINE Am`a*ranthine, a. 1. Of or pertaining to amaranth. Amaranthine bowers. Pope. 2. Unfading, as the poetic amaranth; undying. They only amaranthine flower on earth Is virtue. Cowper. 3. Of a purplish color. Buchanan.


AMARANTHUS; AMARANTUS Am`a*ranthus, Am`a*rantus, n. Defn: Same as Amaranth.


AMARINE Ama*rine, n. Etym: [L. amarus bitter.] (Chem.) Defn: A characteristic crystalline substance, obtained from oil of bitter almonds.


AMARITUDE A*mari*tude, n. Etym: [L. amaritudo, fr. amarus bitter: cf. OF. amaritude.] Defn: Bitterness. [R.]


AMARYLLIDACEOUS; AMARYLLIDEOUS Am`a*ryl`li*daceous, Am`a*ryl*lide*ous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Of, pertaining to, or resembling, an order of plants differing from the lily family chiefly in having the ovary below the


AMARYLLIS Am`a*ryllis, n. Etym: [L. Amaryllis, Gr. 1. A pastoral sweetheart. To sport with Amaryllis in the shade. Milton. 2. (bot.) (a) A family of plants much esteemed for their beauty, including the narcissus, jonquil, daffodil, agave, and others. (b) A genus of the same family, including the Belladonna lily.


AMASS A*mass, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amassed; p. pr. & vb. n. Amassing.] Etym: [F. ambusher, LL. amassare; L. ad + massa lump, mass. See Mass.] Defn: To collect into a mass or heap; to gather a great quantity of; to accumulate; as, to amass a treasure or a fortune; to amass words or phrases. The life Homer has been written by amassing all the traditions and hints the writers could meet with. Pope. Syn. -- To accumulate; heap up; pile.


AMASS A*mass, n. Etym: [OF. amasse, fr. ambusher.] Defn: A mass; a heap. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton.


AMASSABLE A*massa*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being amassed.


AMASSER A*masser, n. Defn: One who amasses.


AMASSETTE A`mas`sette, n. Etym: [F. See Amass.] Defn: An instrument of horn used for collecting painters' colors on the stone in the process of grinding.


AMASSMENT A*massment, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. amassement.] Defn: An amassing; a heap collected; a large quantity or number brought together; an accumulation. An amassment of imaginary conceptions. Glanvill.


AMASTHENIC Am`as*thenic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Photog.) Defn: Uniting the chemical rays of light into one focus, as a certain kind of lens; amacratic.


AMATE A*mate, v. t. Etym: [OF. amater, amatir.] Defn: To dismay; to dishearten; to daunt. [Obs. or Archaic] The Silures, to amate the new general, rumored the overthrow greater than was true. Milton.


AMATE A*mate, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + mate.] Defn: To be a mate to; to match. [Obs.] Spenser.


AMATEUR Am`a*teur, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. amator lover, fr. amare to love.] Defn: A person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science as to music or painting; esp. one who cultivates any study or art, from taste or attachment, without pursuing it professionally.


AMATEURISH Am`a*teurish, a. Defn: In the style of an amateur; superficial or defective like the work of an amateur. -- Am`a*teurish*ly, adv. -- Am`a*teurish*ness, n.


AMATEURISM Ama*teur*ism, n. Defn: The practice, habit, or work of an amateur.


AMATEURSHIP Ama*teur`ship, n. Defn: The quality or character of an amateur.


AMATIVE Ama*tive, a. Etym: [L. amatus, p. p. of amare to love.] Defn: Full of love; amatory.


AMATIVENESS Ama*tive*ness, n. (Phren.) Defn: The faculty supposed to influence sexual desire; propensity to love. Combe.


AMATORIAL Am`a*tori*al, a. Etym: [See Amatorious.] Defn: Of or pertaining to a lover or to love making; amatory; as, amatorial verses.


AMATORIALLY Am`a*tori*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an amatorial manner.


AMATORIAN Am`a*tori*an, a. Defn: Amatory. [R.] Johnson.


AMATORIOUS Am`a*tori*ous, a. Etym: [L. amatorius, fr. amare to love.] Defn: Amatory. [Obs.] Amatorious poem. Milton.


AMATORY Ama*to*ry, a. Defn: Pertaining to, producing, or expressing, sexual love; as, amatory potions.


AMAUROSIS Am`au*rosis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: A loss or decay of sight, from loss of power in the optic nerve, without any perceptible external change in the eye; -- called also gutta serena, the drop serene of Milton.


AMAUROTIC Am`au*rotic, a. Defn: Affected with amaurosis; having the characteristics of amaurosis.


AMAZE A*maze, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Amazed; p. pr. & vb. n. Amazing.] Etym: [Pref. a- + maze.] 1. To bewilder; to stupefy; to bring into a maze. [Obs.] A labyrinth to amaze his foes. Shak. 2. To confound, as by fear, wonder, extreme surprise; to overwhelm with wonder; to astound; to astonish greatly. Amazing Europe with her wit. Goldsmith. And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David Matt. xii. 23. Syn. -- To astonish; astound; confound; bewilder; perplex; surprise. -- Amaze, Astonish. Amazement includes the notion of bewilderment of difficulty accompanied by surprise. It expresses a state in which one does not know what to do, or to say, or to think. Hence we are amazed at what we can not in the least account for. Astonishment also implies surprise. It expresses a state in which one is stunned by the vastness or greatness of something, or struck with some degree of horror, as when one is overpowered by the


AMAZE A*maze, v. i. Defn: To be astounded. [Archaic] B. Taylor.


AMAZE A*maze, v. t. Defn: Bewilderment, arising from fear, surprise, or wonder; amazement. [Chiefly poetic] The wild, bewildered Of one to stone converted by amaze. Byron.


AMAZEDLY A*mazed*ly, adv. Defn: In amazement; with confusion or astonishment. Shak.


AMAZEDNESS A*mazed*ness, n. Defn: The state of being amazed, or confounded with fear, surprise, or wonder. Bp. Hall.


AMAZEFUL A*mazeful, a. Defn: Full of amazement. [R.]


AMAZEMENT A*mazement, n. 1. The condition of being amazed; bewilderment [Obs.]; overwhelming wonder, as from surprise, sudden fear, horror, or admiration. His words impression left Of much amazement. Milton. 2. Frenzy; madness. [Obs.] Webster (1661).


AMAZING A*mazing, a. Defn: Causing amazement; very wonderful; as, amazing grace. -- A*mazing*ly, adv.


AMAZON Ama*zon, n. Etym: [L., fr. Gr. 1. One of a fabulous race of female warriors in Scythia; hence, a female warrior. 2. A tall, strong, masculine woman; a virago. 3. (Zo?l.) Defn: A name numerous species of South American parrots of the genus Chrysotis Amazon ant (Zo?l.), a species of ant (Polyergus rufescens), of Europe and America. They seize by conquest the larv? and nymphs other species and make slaves of them in their own nests.


AMAZONIAN Am`a*zoni*an, a. 1. Pertaining to or resembling an Amazon; of masculine manners; warlike. Shak. 2. Of or pertaining to the river Amazon in South America, or to its valley.


AMAZONITE; AMAZON STONE Ama*zon*ite, Ama*zon stone`, n. Etym: [Named from the river Amazon.] (Min.) Defn: A variety of feldspar, having a verdigris-green color.


AMB-; AMBI- Amb-, Am*bi-. Etym: [L. prefix ambi-, amb-, akin to Gr. abhi, AS. embe, emb, OHG. umbi, umpi, G. um, and also L. ambo both. Cf. Amphi-, Both, By.] Defn: A prefix meaning about, around; -- used in words derived from the Latin.


AMBAGES Am*bages, n. pl. Etym: [L. (usually in pl.); pref. ambi-, amb- + agere to drive: cf. F. ambage.] Defn: A circuit; a winding. Hence: Circuitous way or proceeding; quibble; circumlocution; indirect mode of speech. After many ambages, perspicuously define what this melancholy is. Burton.


AMBAGINOUS Am*bagi*nous, a. Defn: Ambagious. [R.]


AMBAGIOUS Am*bagious, a. Etym: [L. ambagiosus.] Defn: Circumlocutory; circuitous. [R.]


AMBAGITORY Am*bagi*to*ry, a. Defn: Ambagious. [R.]


AMBARY; AMBARY HEMP Am*bary, n., or Ambary hemp. [Hind. ambara, ambari.] Defn: A valuable East Indian fiber plant (Hibiscus cannabinus), or its fiber, which is used throughout India for making ropes, cordage, and a coarse canvas and sackcloth; --called also brown Indian hemp.


AMBASSADE; EMBASSADE Ambas*sade, Embas*sade, n. Etym: [F. ambassade. See Embassy.] 1. The mission of an ambassador. [Obs.] Carew. 2. An embassy. [Obs.] Strype.

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