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ALLUVIOUS Al*luvi*ous, n. Etym: [L. alluvius. See Alluvion.] Defn: Alluvial. [R.] Johnson.


ALLUVIUM Al*luvi*um, n.; pl. E. Alluviums, L. Alluvia. Etym: [L., neut. of alluvius. See Alluvious.] (Geol.) Defn: Deposits of earth, sand, gravel, and other transported matter, made by rivers, floods, or other causes, upon land not permanently submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas. Lyell.


ALLWHERE Allwhere`, adv. Defn: Everywhere. [Archaic]


ALLWORK Allwork`, n. Defn: Domestic or other work of all kinds; as, a maid of allwork, that is, a general servant.


ALLY Al*ly, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allied; p. pr. & vb. n. Allying.] Etym: [OE. alien, OF. alier, F. alier, fr. L. alligare to bind to; ad + ligare to bind. Cf. Alligate, Alloy, Allay, Ligament.] 1. To unite, or form a connection between, as between families by marriage, or between princes and states by treaty, league, or confederacy; -- often followed by to or with. O chief! in blood, and now in arms allied. Pope. 2. To connect or form a relation between by similitude, resemblance, friendship, or love. These three did love each other dearly well, And with so firm affection were allied. Spenser. The virtue nearest to our vice allied. Pope. Note: Ally is generally used in the passive form or reflexively.


ALLY Al*ly, n.; pl. Allies. Etym: [See Ally, v.] 1. A relative; a kinsman. [Obs.] Shak. 2. One united to another by treaty or league; -- usually applied to sovereigns or states; a confederate. The English soldiers and their French allies. Macaulay. 3. Anything associated with another as a helper; an auxiliary. Science, instead of being the enemy of religion, becomes its ally. Buckle. 4. Anything akin to another by structure, etc.


ALLY Ally, n. Defn: See Alley, a marble or taw.


ALLYL Allyl, n. Etym: [L. allium garlic + -yl.] (Chem.) Defn: An organic radical, C3H5, existing especially in oils of garlic and mustard.


ALLYLENE Ally*lene, n. (Chem.) Defn: A gaseous hydrocarbon, C3H4, homologous with acetylene; propine. CH3.C.CH


ALMA MATER Alma Mater. Etym: [L., fostering mother.] Defn: A college or seminary where one is educated.


ALMA; ALMAH Alma, Almah, n. Defn: Same as Alme.


ALMACANTAR Al`ma*cantar, n. (Astron.) (a) Same as Almucantar. (b) A recently invented instrument for observing the heavenly bodies as they cross a given almacantar circle. See Almucantar.


ALMADIA; ALMADIE Al`ma*dia, Alma*die, n. Etym: [F. almadie (cf. Sp. & Pg. almadia), fr. Ar. alma'diyah a raft, float.] (Naut.) (a) A bark canoe used by the Africans. (b) A boat used at Calicut, in India, about eighty feet long, and six or seven broad.


ALMAGEST Alma*gest, n. Etym: [F. almageste, LL. almageste, Ar. al-majisti, fr. Gr. Defn: The celebrated work of Ptolemy of Alexandria, which contains nearly all that is known of the astronomical observations and theories of the ancients. The name was extended to other similar works.


ALMAGRA Al*magra, n. Etym: [Sp. almagra, almagre, fr. Ar. al-maghrah red clay or earth.] Defn: A fine, deep red ocher, somewhat purplish, found in Spain. It is the sil atticum of the ancients. Under the name of Indian red it is used for polishing glass and silver.


ALMAIN; ALMAYNE; ALMAN Almain, Almayne, Alman, n. Etym: [OF. Aleman, F. Allemand, fr. L. Alemanni, ancient Ger. tribes.] [Obs.] 1. A German. Also adj., Defn: German. Shak. 2. The German language. J. Foxe. 3. A kind of dance. See Allemande. Almain rivets, Almayne rivets, or Alman rivets, a sort of light armor from Germany, characterized by overlapping plates, arranged to slide on rivets, and thus afford great flexibility.


ALMANAC Alma*nac, n. Etym: [LL. almanac, almanach: cf. F. almanach, Sp. almanaque, It. almanacco, all of uncertain origin.] Defn: A book or table, containing a calendar of days, and months, to which astronomical data and various statistics are often added, such as the times of the rising and setting of the sun and moon, eclipses, hours of full tide, stated festivals of churches, terms of courts, etc. Nautical almanac, an almanac, or year book, containing astronomical calculations (lunar, stellar, etc.), and other information useful to mariners.


ALMANDINE Alman*dine, n. Etym: [LL. almandina, alamandina, for L. alabandina a precious stone, named after Alabanda, a town in Caria, where it was first and chiefly found: cf. F. almandine.] (Min.) Defn: The common red variety of garnet.


ALME; ALMEH Alme, Almeh, n. Etym: [Ar. 'almah (fem.) learned, fr. 'alama to know: cf. F. alm?e.] Defn: An Egyptian dancing girl; an Alma. The Almehs lift their arms in dance. Bayard Taylor.


ALMENDRON Al`men*dron, n. Etym: [Sp., fr. almendra almond.] Defn: The lofty Brazil-nut tree.


ALMERY Almer*y, n. Defn: See Ambry. [Obs.]


ALMESSE Almesse, n. Defn: See Alms. [Obs.]


ALMIGHTFUL; ALMIGHTIFUL Al*mightful, Al*mighti*ful, a. Defn: All-powerful; almighty. [Obs.] Udall.


ALMIGHTILY Al*mighti*ly, adv. Defn: With almighty power.


ALMIGHTINESS Al*mighti*ness, n. Defn: Omnipotence; infinite or boundless power; unlimited might. Jer. Taylor.


ALMIGHTY Al*mighty, a. Etym: [AS. ealmihtig, ?lmihtig; eal (OE. al) ail + mihtig mighty.] 1. Unlimited in might; omnipotent; all-powerful; irresistible. I am the Almighty God. Gen. xvii. 1. 2. Great; extreme; terrible. [Slang] Poor Aroar can not live, and can not die, -- so that he is in an almighty fix. De Quincey. The Almighty, the omnipotent God. Rev. i. 8.


ALMNER Almner, n. Defn: An almoner. [Obs.] Spenser.


ALMOND Almond, n. Etym: [OE. almande, almaunde, alemaunde, F. amande, L. amygdala, fr. Gr. almendra. Cf. Amygdalate.] 1. The fruit of the almond tree. Note: The different kinds, as bitter, sweet, thin-shelled, thick- shelled almonds, and Jordan almonds, are the products of different varieties of the one species, Amygdalus communis, a native of the Mediterranean region and western Asia. 2. The tree bears the fruit; almond tree. 3. Anything shaped like an almond. Specifically: (Anat.) Defn: One of the tonsils. Almond oil, fixed oil expressed from sweet or bitter almonds. -- Oil of bitter almonds, a poisonous volatile oil obtained from bitter almonds by maceration and distillation; benzoic aldehyde. -- Imitation oil of bitter almonds, nitrobenzene. -- Almond tree (Bot.), the tree bearing the almond. -- Almond willow (Bot.), a willow which has leaves that are of a light green on both sides; almond-leaved willow (Salix amygdalina). Shenstone.


ALMOND FURNACE Almond fur`nace. Etym: [Prob. a corruption of Almain furnace, i. e., German furnace. See Almain.] Defn: A kind of furnace used in refining, to separate the metal from cinders and other foreign matter. Chambers.


ALMONDINE Almon*dine, n. Defn: See Almandine


ALMONER Almon*er, n. Etym: [OE. aumener, aulmener, OF. almosnier, aumosnier, F. aum?nier, fr. OF. almosne, alms, L. eleemosyna. See Alms.] Defn: One who distributes alms, esp. the doles and alms of religious houses, almshouses, etc.; also, one who dispenses alms for another, as the almoner of a prince, bishop, etc.


ALMONERSHIP Almon*er*ship, n. Defn: The office of an almoner.


ALMONRY Almon*ry, n.; pl. Almonries. Etym: [OF. aumosnerie, F. aum?nerie, fr. OF. aumosnier. See Almoner.] Defn: The place where an almoner resides, or where alms are distributed.


ALMOSE Almose, n. Defn: Alms. [Obs.] Cheke.


ALMOST Almost, adv. Etym: [AS. ealm?st, ?lm?st, quite the most, almost all; eal (OE. al) all + m most.] Defn: Nearly; well nigh; all but; for the greatest part. Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian. Acts xxvi. 28. Almost never, scarcely ever. -- Almost nothing, scarcely anything.


ALMRY Almry, n. Defn: See Almonry. [Obs.]


ALMS Alms, n. sing. & pl. Etym: [OE. almes, almesse, AS. ?lmysse, fr. L. eleemosyna, Gr. Almonry, Eleemosynary.] Defn: Anything given gratuitously to relieve the poor, as money, food, or clothing; a gift of charity. A devout man . . . which gave much alms to the people. Acts x. 2. Alms are but the vehicles of prayer. Dryden. Tenure by free alms. See Frankalmoign. Blackstone. Note: This word alms is singular in its form (almesse), and is sometimes so used; as, asked an alms. Acts iii. 3.Received an alms. Shak. It is now, however, commonly a collective or plural noun. It is much used in composition, as almsgiver, almsgiving, alms bag, alms chest, etc.


ALMSDEED Almsdeed`, n. Defn: An act of charity. Acts ix. 36.


ALMSFOLK Almsfolk`, n. Defn: Persons supported by alms; almsmen. [Archaic] Holinshed.


ALMSGIVER Almsgiv`er, n. Defn: A giver of alms.


ALMSGIVING Almsgiv`ing, n. Defn: The giving of alms.


ALMSHOUSE Almshouse`, n. Defn: A house appropriated for the use of the poor; a poorhouse.


ALMSMAN Almsman, n.; fem. Almswoman. 1. A recipient of alms. Shak. 2. A giver of alms. [R.] Halliwell.


ALMUCANTAR Al`mu*cantar, n. Etym: [F. almucantarat, almicantarat, ultimately fr. Ar. al-muqantarat, pl., fr. qantara to bend, arch.] (Astron.) Defn: A small circle of the sphere parallel to the horizon; a circle or parallel of altitude. Two stars which have the same almucantar have the same altitude. See Almacantar. [Archaic] Almucanter staff, an ancient instrument, having an arc of fifteen degrees, formerly used at sea to take observations of the sun's amplitude at the time of its rising or setting, to find the variation of the compass.


ALMUCE Almuce, n. Defn: Same as Amice, a hood or cape.


ALMUDE Al*mude, n. Etym: [Pg. almude, or Sp. almud, a measure of grain or dry fruit, fr. Ar. al-mudd a dry measure.] Defn: A measure for liquids in several countries. In Portugal the Lisbon almude is about 4.4, and the Oporto almude about 6.6, gallons U. S. measure. In Turkey the almud is about 1.4 gallons.


ALMUG; ALGUM Almug, Algum, n. Etym: [Heb., perh. borrowed fr. Skr. valguka sandalwood.] (Script.) Defn: A tree or wood of the Bible (2 Chron. ii. 8; 1 K. x. 11). Note: Most writers at the present day follow Celsius, who takes it to be the red sandalwood of China and the Indian Archipelago. W. Smith.


ALNAGE Alnage, n., Etym: [OF. alnage, aulnage, F. aunage, fr. OF. alne ell, of Ger. origin: cf. OHG. elina, Goth. aleina, cubit. See Ell.] (O. Eng. Law) Defn: Measurement (of cloth) by the ell; also, a duty for such measurement.


ALNAGER Alna*ger, n. Etym: [See Alnage.] Defn: A measure by the ell; formerly a sworn officer in England, whose duty was to inspect act measure woolen cloth, and fix upon it a seal.


ALOE Aloe, n.; pl. Aloes. Etym: [L. alo?, Gr. aloe, F. alo?s.] 1. pl. Defn: The wood of the agalloch. [Obs.] Wyclif. 2. (Bot.) Defn: A genus of succulent plants, some classed as trees, others as shrubs, but the greater number having the habit and appearance of evergreen herbaceous plants; from some of which are prepared articles for medicine and the arts. They are natives of warm countries. 3. pl. (Med.) Defn: The inspissated juice of several species of aloe, used as a purgative. [Plural in form but syntactically singular.] American aloe, Century aloe, the agave. See Agave.


ALOES WOOD Aloes wood`. Defn: See Agalloch.


ALOETIC Al`o*etic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. alo?tique.] Defn: Consisting chiefly of aloes; of the nature of aloes.


ALOETIC Al`o*etic, n. Defn: A medicine containing chiefly aloes.


ALOFT A*loft, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + loft, which properly meant air. See Loft.] 1. On high; in the air; high above the ground. He steers his flight aloft. Milton. 2. (Naut.) Defn: In the top; at the mast head, or on the higher yards or rigging; overhead; hence (Fig. and Colloq.), in or to heaven.


ALOFT A*loft, prep. Defn: Above; on top of. [Obs.] Fresh waters run aloft the sea. Holland.


ALOGIAN A*logi*an, n. Etym: [LL. Alogiani, Alogii, fr. Gr. (Eccl.) Defn: One of an ancient sect who rejected St. John's Gospel and the Apocalypse, which speak of Christ as the Logos. Shipley.


ALOGY Alo*gy, n. Etym: [L. alogia, Gr. Defn: Unreasonableness; absurdity. [Obs.]


ALOIN Alo*in, n. (Chem.) Defn: A bitter purgative principle in aloes.


ALOMANCY Alo*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. alomancie, halomancie.] Defn: Divination by means of salt. [Spelt also halomancy.] Morin.


ALONE A*lone, a. Etym: [All + one. OE. al one all allone, AS. an one, alone. See All, One, Lone.] 1. Quite by one's self; apart from, or exclusive of, others; single; solitary; -- applied to a person or thing. Alone on a wide, wide sea. Coleridge. It is not good that the man should be alone. Gen. ii. 18. 2. Of or by itself; by themselves; without any thing more or any one else; without a sharer; only. Man shall not live by bread alone. Luke iv. 4. The citizens alone should be at the expense. Franklin. 3. Sole; only; exclusive. [R.] God, by whose alone power and conversation we all live, and move, and have our being. Bentley. 4. Hence; Unique; rare; matchless. Shak. Note: The adjective alone commonly follows its noun. To let or leave alone, to abstain from interfering with or molesting; to suffer to remain in its present state.


ALONE A*lone, adv. Defn: Solely; simply; exclusively.


ALONELY A*lonely, adv. Defn: Only; merely; singly. [Obs.] This said spirit was not given alonely unto him, but unto all his heirs and posterity. Latimer.


ALONELY A*lonely, a. Defn: Exclusive. [Obs.] Fabyan.


ALONENESS A*loneness, n. Defn: A state of being alone, or without company; solitariness. [R.] Bp. Montagu.


ALONG A*long, adv. Etym: [OE. along, anlong, AS. andlang, along; pref. and- (akin to OFris. ond-, OHG. ant-, Ger. ent-, Goth. and-, anda-, L. ante, Gr. anti, over against) + lang long. See Long.] 1. By the length; in a line with the length; lengthwise. Some laid along . . . on spokes of wheels are hung. Dryden. 2. In a line, or with a progressive motion; onward; forward. We will go along by the king's highway. Numb. xxi. 22. He struck with his o'ertaking wings, And chased us south along. Coleridge. 3. In company; together. He to England shall along with you. Shak. All along, all trough the course of; during the whole time; throughout. I have all along declared this to be a neutral paper. Addison. -- To get along, to get on; to make progress, as in business. She 'll get along in heaven better than you or I. Mrs. Stowe.


ALONG A*long, prep. Defn: By the length of, as distinguished from across. Along the lowly lands. Dryden. The kine . . . went along the highway. 1 Sam. vi. 12.


ALONG A*long. Etym: [AS. gelang owing to.] Defn: (Now heard only in the prep. phrase along of.) Along of, Along on, often shortened to Long of, prep. phr., owing to; on account of. [Obs. or Low. Eng.] On me is not along thin evil fare. Chaucer. And all this is long of you. Shak. This increase of price is all along of the foreigners. London Punch.


ALONGSHORE A*longshore`, adv. Defn: Along the shore or coast.


ALONGSHOREMAN A*longshore`man, n. Defn: See Longshoreman.


ALONGSIDE A*longside`, adv. Defn: Along or by the side; side by side with; -- often with of; as, bring the boat alongside; alongside of him; alongside of the tree.


ALONGST A*longst, prep. & adv. Etym: [Formed fr. along, like amongst fr. among.] Defn: Along. [Obs.]


ALOOF A*loof, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: Same as Alewife.


ALOOF A*loof, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + loof, fr. D. loef luff, and so meaning, as a nautical word, to the windward. See Loof, Luff.] 1. At or from a distance, but within view, or at a small distance; apart; away. Our palace stood aloof from streets. Dryden. 2. Without sympathy; unfavorably. To make the Bible as from the hand of God, and then to look at it aloof and with caution, is the worst of all impieties. I. Taylor.


ALOOF A*loof, prep. Defn: Away from; clear from. [Obs.] Rivetus . . . would fain work himself aloof these rocks and quicksands. Milton.


ALOOFNESS A*loofness, n. Defn: State of being aloof. Rogers (1642). The . . . aloofness of his dim forest life. Thoreau.


ALOPECIA; ALOPECY Al`o*peci*a, A*lope*cy, n. Etym: [L. alopecia, Gr. (med.) Defn: Loss of the hair; baldness.


ALOPECIST A*lope*cist, n. Defn: A practitioner who tries to prevent or cure baldness.


ALOSE A*lose, v. t. Etym: [OE. aloser.] Defn: To praise. [Obs.]


ALOSE Alose, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. alosa or alausa.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The European shad (Clupea alosa); -- called also allice shad or allis shad. The name is sometimes applied to the American shad (Clupea sapidissima). See Shad.


ALOUATTE Al`ou*atte, n. Etym: [Of uncertain origin.] (Zo?l.) Defn: One of the several species of howling monkeys of South America. See Howler, 2.


ALOUD A*loud, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + loud.] Defn: With a loud voice, or great noise; loudly; audibly. Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice. Isa. lviii. 1.


ALOW A*low, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + low.] Defn: Below; in a lower part. Aloft, and then alow. Dryden.


ALP Alp, n. Etym: [L. Alpes the Alps, said to be of Celtic origin; cf. Gael. alp a high mountain, Ir. ailp any huge mass or lump: cf. F. Alpes.] 1. A very high mountain. Specifically, in the plural, the highest chain of mountains in Europe, containing the lofty mountains of Switzerland, etc. Nor breath of vernal air from snowy alp. Milton. Hills peep o'er hills, and alps on alps arise. Pope. 2. Fig.: Something lofty, or massive, or very hard to be surmounted. Note: The plural form Alps is sometimes used as a singular. The Alps doth spit. Shak.


ALP Alp, n. Defn: A bullfinch. Rom. of R.


ALPACA Al*paca, n. Etym: [Sp. alpaca, fr. the original Peruvian name of the animal. Cf. Paco.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: An animal of Peru (Lama paco), having long, fine, wooly hair, supposed by some to be a domesticated variety of the llama. 2. Wool of the alpaca. 3. A thin kind of cloth made of the wooly hair of the alpaca, often mixed with silk or with cotton.


ALPEN Alpen, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Alps. [R.] The Alpen snow. J. Fletcher.


ALPENGLOW Alpen*glow`, n. Defn: A reddish glow seen near sunset or sunrise on the summits of mountains; specif., a reillumination sometimes observed after the summits have passed into shadow, supposed to be due to a curving downward (refraction) of the light rays from the west resulting from the cooling of the air.


ALPENHORN; ALPHORN { Alpen*horn`, Alphorn` }, n. [G. Alpenhorn.] Defn: A curved wooden horn about three feet long, with a cupped mouthpiece and a bell, used by the Swiss to sound the ranz des vaches and other melodies. Its notes are open harmonics of the tube.


ALPENSTOCK Alpen*stock`, n. Etym: [G.; Alp, gen. pl. Alpen + stock stick.] Defn: A long staff, pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps. Cheever.


ALPESTRINE Al*pestrine, a. Etym: [L. Alpestris.] Defn: Pertaining to the Alps, or other high mountains; as, Alpestrine diseases, etc.


ALPHA Alpha, n. Etym: [L. alpha, Gr. 'a`lfa, from Heb. aleph, name of the first letter in the alphabet, also meaning ox.] Defn: The first letter in the Greek alphabet, answering to A, and hence used to denote the beginning. In am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. Rev. xxii. 13. Note: Formerly used also denote the chief; as, Plato was the alpha of the wits. Note: In cataloguing stars, the brightest star of a constellation in designated by Alpha (a); as, a Lyr?.


ALPHA PAPER Alpha paper. (Photog.) Defn: A sensitized paper for obtaining positives by artificial light. It is coated with gelatin containing silver bromide and chloride. [Eng.]


ALPHA RAYS Alpha rays. (Physics & Chem.) Defn: Rays of relatively low penetrating power emitted by radium and other radioactive substances, and shown to consist of positively charged particles (perhaps particles of helium) having enormous velocities but small masses. They are slightly deflected by a strong magnetic or electric field.


ALPHABET Alpha*bet, n. Etym: [L. alphabetum, fr. Gr. aleph and beth: cf. F. alphabet.] 1. The letters of a language arranged in the customary order; the series of letters or signs which form the elements of written language. 2. The simplest rudiments; elements. The very alphabet of our law. Macaulay. Deaf and dumb alphabet. See Dactylology.


ALPHABET Alpha*bet, v. t. Defn: To designate by the letters of the alphabet; to arrange alphabetically. [R.]


ALPHABETARIAN Al`pha*bet*ari*an, n. Defn: A learner of the alphabet; an abecedarian. Abp. Sancroft.


ALPHABETIC; ALPHABETICAL Al`pha*betic, Al`pha*betic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. alphab?tique.] 1. Pertaining to, furnished with, expressed by, or in the order of, the letters of the alphabet; as, alphabetic characters, writing, languages, arrangement. 2. Literal. [Obs.] Alphabetical servility. Milton.


ALPHABETICALLY Al`pha*betic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an alphabetic manner; in the customary order of the letters.


ALPHABETICS Al`pha*betics, n. Defn: The science of representing spoken sounds by letters.


ALPHABETISM Alpha*bet*ism, n. Defn: The expression of spoken sounds by an alphabet. Encyc. Brit.

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