KJV Study Bible

Home | Resources | Polyglot Old Testament | Polyglot New Testament | Bible Encyclopedia | Dictionary
Go to book

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]
Search Dictionary


[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

<< Previous Page | Next Page >>


ABOUT A*bout, prep. Etym: [OE. aboute, abouten, abuten; AS. abutan, onbutan; on + butan, which is from be by + utan outward, from ut out. See But, Out.] 1. Around; all round; on every side of. Look about you. Shak. Bind them about thy neck. Prov. iii. 3. 2. In the immediate neighborhood of; in contiguity or proximity to; near, as to place; by or on (one's person). Have you much money about you Bulwer. 3. Over or upon different parts of; through or over in various directions; here and there in; to and fro in; throughout. Lampoons . . . were handed about the coffeehouses. Macaulay. Roving still about the world. Milton. 4. Near; not far from; -- determining approximately time, size, quantity. To-morrow, about this time. Exod. ix. 18. About my stature. Shak. He went out about the third hour. Matt. xx. 3. Note: This use passes into the adverbial sense. 5. In concern with; engaged in; intent on. I must be about my Father's business. Luke ii. 49. 6. Before a verbal noun or an infinitive: Defn: On the point or verge of; going; in act of. Paul was now aboutto open his mouth. Acts xviii. 14. 7. Concerning; with regard to; on account of; touching. To treat about thy ransom. Milton. She must have her way about Sarah. Trollope.


ABOUT A*bout, adv. 1. On all sides; around. 'Tis time to look about. Shak. 2. In circuit; circularly; by a circuitous way; around the outside; as, a mile about, and a third of a mile across. 3. Here and there; around; in one place and another. Wandering about from house to house. 1 Tim. v. 13. 4. Nearly; approximately; with close correspondence, in quality, manner, degree, etc.; as, about as cold; about as high; -- also of quantity, number, time. There fell . . . about three thousand men. Exod. xxii. 28. 5. To a reserved position; half round; in the opposite direction; on the opposite tack; as, to face about; to turn one's self about. To bring about, to cause to take place; to accomplish. -- To come about, to occur; to take place. See under Come. -- To go about, To set about, to undertake; to arrange; to prepare. Shall we set about some revels Shak. -- Round about, in every direction around.


ABOUT-SLEDGE A*bout-sledge, n. Defn: The largest hammer used by smiths. Weale.


ABOVE A*bove, prep. Etym: [OE. above, aboven, abuffe, AS. abufon; an (or on) on + be by + ufan upward; cf. Goth. uf under. *199. See Over.] 1. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; -- opposed to below or beneath. Fowl that may fly above the earth. Gen. i. 20. 2. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; beyond; higher in measure or degree than; as, things above comprehension; above mean actions; conduct above reproach. Thy worth . . . is actions above my gifts. Marlowe. I saw in the way a light from heaven above the brightness of the sun. Acts xxxvi. 13. 3. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred. (Passing into the adverbial sense. See Above, adv., 4.) above all, before every other consideration; chiefly; in preference to other things. Over and above, prep. or adv., besides; in addition to.


ABOVE A*bove, adv. 1. In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds above. 2. Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing page. That was said above. Dryden. 3. Higher in rank or power; as, he appealed to the court above. 4. More than; as, above five hundred were present. Note: Above is often used elliptically as an adjective by omitting the word mentioned, quoted, or the like; as, the above observations, the above reference, the above articles. -- Above is also used substantively. The waters that come down from above. Josh. iii. 13. It is also used as the first part of a compound in the sense of before, previously; as, above-cited, above- described, above-mentioned, above-named, abovesaid, abovespecified, above-written, above-given.


ABOVE-CITED A*bove-cit`ed, a. Defn: Cited before, in the preceding part of a book or writing.


ABOVE-MENTIONED; ABOVE-NAMED A*bove-men`tioned, A*bove-named`(#), a. Defn: Mentioned or named before; aforesaid.


ABOVEBOARD A*boveboard`, adv. Defn: Above the board or table. Hence: in open sight; without trick, concealment, or deception. Fair and aboveboard. Burke. Note: This expression is said by Johnson to have been borrowed from gamesters, who, when they change their cards, put their hands under the table.


ABOVEDECK A*bovedeck`, a. Defn: On deck; and hence, like aboveboard, without artifice. Smart.


ABOVESAID A*bovesaid`, a. Defn: Mentioned or recited before.


ABOX A*box, adv. & a. (Naut.) Defn: Braced aback.


ABRA Abra, n. [Sp., a bay, valley, fissure.] Defn: A narrow pass or defile; a break in a mesa; the mouth of a ca?on. [Southwestern U. S.]


ABRACADABRA Ab`ra*ca*dabra, n. Etym: [L. Of unknown origin.] Defn: A mystical word or collocation of letters written as in the figure. Worn on an amulet it was supposed to ward off fever. At present the word is used chiefly in jest to denote something without meaning; jargon.


ABRADANT Ab*radant, n. Defn: A material used for grinding, as emery, sand, powdered glass, etc.


ABRADE Ab*rade, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abraded; p. pr. & vb. n. Abrading.] Etym: [L. abradere, abrasum, to scrape off; ab + radere to scrape. See Rase, Raze.] Defn: To rub or wear off; to waste or wear away by friction; as, to abrade rocks. Lyell.


ABRADE A*brade, v. t. Defn: Same as Abraid. [Obs.]


ABRAHAM-MAN; ABRAM-MAN Abra*ham-man`(#) or Abram-man`(#), n. Etym: [Possibly in allusion to the parable of the beggar Lazarus in Luke xvi. Murray (New Eng. Dict. ).] Defn: One of a set of vagabonds who formerly roamed through England, feigning lunacy for the sake of obtaining alms. Nares. To sham Abraham, to feign sickness. Goldsmith.


ABRAHAMIC A`bra*hamic, a. Defn: Pertaining to Abraham, the patriarch; as, the Abrachamic covenant.


ABRAHAMITIC; ABRAHAMITICAL A`bra*ham*itic, A`bra*ham*it*ic*al(#), a. Defn: Relating to the patriarch Abraham.


ABRAID A*braid, v. t. & i. Etym: [OE. abraiden, to awake, draw (a sword),


ABRANCHIAL A*branchi*al, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Abranchiate.


ABRANCHIATA A*bran`chi*ata, n. pl. Etym: [NL., from Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of annelids, so called because the species composing it have no special organs of respiration.


ABRANCHIATE A*branchi*ate, a. (Zo?l.) Defn: Without gills.


ABRASE Ab*rase, a. Etym: [L. abrasus, p. p. of abradere. See Abrade.] Defn: Rubbed smooth. [Obs.] An abrase table. B. Jonson.


ABRASION Ab*rasion, n. Etym: [L. abrasio, fr. abradere. See Abrade.] 1. The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction; as, the abrasion of coins. 2. The substance rubbed off. Berkeley. 3. (Med.) Defn: A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance under the form of small shreds. Dunglison.


ABRASIVE Ab*rasive, a. Defn: Producing abrasion. Ure.


ABRAUM; ABRAUM SALTS A*braum or A*braum salts, n. Etym: [Ger., fr. abr?umen to remove.] Defn: A red ocher used to darken mahogany and for making chloride of potassium.


ABRAXAS A*braxas, n. Etym: [A name adopted by the Egyptian Gnostic Basilides, containing the Greek letters , , , , , , , which, as numerals, amounted to 365. It was used to signify the supreme deity as ruler of the 365 heavens of his system.] Defn: A mystical word used as a charm and engraved on gems among the ancients; also, a gem stone thus engraved.


ABRAY A*bray, v. Etym: [A false form from the preterit abraid, abrayde.] Defn: See Abraid. [Obs.] Spenser.


ABREACTION Ab`re*action, n. [Pref. ab-+ reaction, after G. Abreagirung.] (Psychotherapy) Defn: See Catharsis, below.


ABREAST A*breast, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + breast.] 1. Side by side, with breasts in a line; as, Two men could hardly walk abreast. Macaulay. 2. (Naut.) Defn: Side by side; also, opposite; over against; on a line with the vessel's beam; -- with of. 3. Up to a certain level or line; equally advanced; as, to keep abreast of [or with] the present state of science. 4. At the same time; simultaneously. [Obs.] Abreast therewith began a convocation. Fuller.


ABREGGE A*bregge, v. t. Defn: See Abridge. [Obs.]


ABRENOUNCE Ab`re*nounce, v. t. Etym: [L. abrenuntiare; ab + renuntiare. See Renounce.] Defn: To renounce. [Obs.] They abrenounce and cast them off. Latimer.


ABRENUNCIATION Ab`re*nun`ci*ation, n. Etym: [LL. abrenuntiatio. See Abrenounce.] Defn: Absolute renunciation or repudiation. [Obs.] An abrenunciation of that truth which he so long had professed, and still believed. Fuller.


ABREPTION Ab*reption, n. Etym: [L. abreptus, p. p. of abripere to snatch away; ab + rapere to snatch.] Defn: A snatching away. [Obs.]


ABREUVOIR A`breu`voir, n. Etym: [F., a watering place.] (Masonry) Defn: The joint or interstice between stones, to be filled with mortar. Gwilt.


ABRICOCK Abri*cock, n. Defn: See Apricot. [Obs.]


ABRIDGE A*bridge, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abridged; p. pr. & vb. n. Abridging.] Etym: [OE. abregen, OF. abregier, F. abr?ger, fr. L. abbreviare; ad + brevis short. See Brief and cf. Abbreviate.] 1. To make shorter; to shorten in duration; to lessen; to diminish; to curtail; as, to abridge labor; to abridge power or rights. The bridegroom . . . abridged his visit. Smollett. She retired herself to Sebaste, and abridged her train from state to necessity. Fuller. 2. To shorten or contract by using fewer words, yet retaining the sense; to epitomize; to condense; as, to abridge a history or dictionary. 3. To deprive; to cut off; -- followed by of, and formerly by from; as, to abridge one of his rights.


ABRIDGER A*bridger, n. Defn: One who abridges.


ABRIDGMENT A*bridgment, n. Etym: [OE. abregement. See Abridge.] 1. The act abridging, or the state of being abridged; diminution; lessening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of pleasures or of expenses. 2. An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or abridged form; an abbreviation. Ancient coins as abridgments of history. Addison. 3. That which abridges or cuts short; hence, an entertainment that makes the time pass quickly. [Obs.] What abridgment have you for this evening What mask What music Shak. Syn. -- Abridgment, Compendium, Epitome, Abstract, Synopsis. An abridgment is made by omitting the less important parts of some larger work; as, an abridgment of a dictionary. A compendium is a brief exhibition of a subject, or science, for common use; as, a compendium of American literature. An epitome corresponds to a compendium, and gives briefly the most material points of a subject; as, an epitome of history. An abstract is a brief statement of a thing in its main points. A synopsis is a bird's-eye view of a subject, or work, in its several parts.


ABROACH A*broach, v. t. Etym: [OE. abrochen, OF. abrochier. See Broach.] Defn: To set abroach; to let out, as liquor; to broach; to tap. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ABROACH A*broach, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + broach.] 1. Broached; in a condition for letting out or yielding liquor, as a cask which is tapped. Hogsheads of ale were set abroach. Sir W. Scott. 2. Hence: In a state to be diffused or propagated; afoot; astir. Mischiefs that I set abroach. Shak.


ABROAD A*broad, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + broad.] 1. At large; widely; broadly; over a wide space; as, a tree spreads its branches abroad. The fox roams far abroad. Prior. 2. Without a certain confine; outside the house; away from one's abode; as, to walk abroad. I went to St. James', where another was preaching in the court abroad. Evelyn. 3. Beyond the bounds of a country; in foreign countries; as, we have broils at home and enemies abroad. Another prince . . . was living abroad. Macaulay. 4. Before the public at large; throughout society or the world; here and there; widely. He went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter. Mark i. 45. To be abroad. (a) To be wide of the mark; to be at fault; as, you are all abroad in your guess. (b) To be at a loss or nonplused.


ABROGABLE Abro*ga*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being abrogated.


ABROGATE Abro*gate, a. Etym: [L. abrogatus, p. p.] Defn: Abrogated; abolished. [Obs.] Latimer.


ABROGATE Abro*gate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abrogated; p. pr. & vb. n. Abrogating.] Etym: [L. abrogatus, p. p. of abrogare; ab + rogare to ask, require, propose. See Rogation.] 1. To annul by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the maker or his successor; to repeal; -- applied to the repeal of laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc. Let us see whether the New Testament abrogates what we so frequently see in the Old. South. Whose laws, like those of the Medes and Persian, they can not alter or abrogate. Burke. 2. To put an end to; to do away with. Shak. Syn. -- To abolish; annul; do away; set aside; revoke; repeal; cancel; annihilate. See Abolish.


ABROGATION Ab`ro*gation, n. Etym: [L. abrogatio, fr. abrogare: cf. F. abrogation.] Defn: The act of abrogating; repeal by authority. Hume.


ABROGATIVE Abro*ga*tive, a. Defn: Tending or designed to abrogate; as, an abrogative law.


ABROGATOR Abro*ga`tor, n. Defn: One who repeals by authority.


ABROOD A*brood, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + brood.] Defn: In the act of brooding. [Obs.] Abp. Sancroft.


ABROOK A*brook, v. t. Etym: [Pref. a- + brook, v.] Defn: To brook; to endure. [Obs.] Shak.


ABRUPT Ab*rupt, a. Etym: [L. abruptus, p. p. of abrumpere to break off; ab + rumpere to break. See Rupture.] 1. Broken off; very steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks; precipitous; steep; as, abrupt places. Tumbling through ricks abrupt, Thomson. 2. Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty; unceremonious. The cause of your abrupt departure. Shak. 3. Having sudden transitions from one subject to another; unconnected. The abrupt style, which hath many breaches. B. Jonson. 4. (Bot.) Defn: Suddenly terminating, as if cut off. Gray. Syn. -- Sudden; unexpected; hasty; rough; curt; unceremonious; rugged; blunt; disconnected; broken.


ABRUPT Ab*rupt, n. Etym: [L. abruptum.] Defn: An abrupt place. [Poetic] Over the vast abrupt. Milton.


ABRUPT Ab*rupt, v. t. Defn: To tear off or asunder. [Obs.] Till death abrupts them. Sir T. Browne.


ABRUPTION Ab*ruption, n. Etym: [L. abruptio, fr. abrumpere: cf. F. abruption.] Defn: A sudden breaking off; a violent separation of bodies. Woodward.


ABRUPTLY Ab*ruptly, adv. 1. In an abrupt manner; without giving notice, or without the usual forms; suddenly. 2. Precipitously. Abruptly pinnate (Bot.), pinnate without an odd leaflet, or other appendage, at the end. Gray.


ABRUPTNESS Ab*ruptness, n. 1. The state of being abrupt or broken; craggedness; ruggedness; steepness. 2. Suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence; as, abruptness of style or manner.


ABSCESS Abscess, n.; pl. Abscesses. Etym: [L. abscessus a going away, gathering of humors, abscess, fr. abscessus, p. p. of absedere to go away; ab, abs + cedere to go off, retire. See Cede.] (Med.) Defn: A collection of pus or purulent matter in any tissue or organ of the body, the result of a morbid process. Cold abscess, an abscess of slow formation, unattended with the pain and heat characteristic of ordinary abscesses, and lasting for years without exhibiting any tendency towards healing; a chronic abscess.


ABSCESSION Ab*scession, n. Etym: [L. abscessio a separation; fr. absedere. See Abscess.] Defn: A separating; removal; also, an abscess. [Obs.] Gauden. Barrough.


ABSCIND Ab*scind, v. t. Etym: [L. absindere; ab + scindere to rend, cut. See Schism.] Defn: To cut off. [R.] Two syllables . . . abscinded from the rest. Johnson.


ABSCISION Ab*scision, n. Etym: [L. abscisio.] Defn: See Abscission.


ABSCISS Absciss, n.; pl. Abscisses. Defn: See Abscissa.


ABSCISSA Ab*scissa, n.; E. pl. Abscissas, L. pl. Absciss?. Etym: [L., fem. of abscissus, p. p. of absindere to cut of. See Abscind.] (Geom.) Defn: One of the elements of reference by which a point, as of a curve, is referred to a system of fixed rectilineal co?rdinate axes. Note: When referred to two intersecting axes, one of them called the axis of abscissas, or of X, and the other the axis of ordinates, or of Y, the abscissa of the point is the distance cut off from the axis of X by a line drawn through it and parallel to the axis of Y. When a point in space is referred to three axes having a common intersection, the abscissa may be the distance measured parallel to either of them, from the point to the plane of the other two axes. Abscissas and ordinates taken together are called co?rdinates. -- OX or PY is the abscissa of the point P of the curve, OY or PX its ordinate, the intersecting lines OX and OY being the axes of abscissas and ordinates respectively, and the point O their origin.


ABSCISSION Ab*scission, n. Etym: [L. abscissio. See Abscind.] 1. The act or process of cutting off. Not to be cured without the abscission of a member. Jer. Taylor. 2. The state of being cut off. Sir T. Browne. 3. (Rhet.) Defn: A figure of speech employed when a speaker having begun to say a thing stops abruptly: thus, He is a man of so much honor and candor, and of such generosity -- but I need say no more.


ABSCOND Ab*scond, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Absconded; p. pr. & vb. n. Absconding.] Etym: [L. abscondere to hide; ab, abs + condere to lay up; con + dare (only in comp.) to put. Cf. Do.] 1. To hide, withdraw, or be concealed. The marmot absconds all winter. Ray. 2. To depart clandestinely; to steal off and secrete one's self; -- used especially of persons who withdraw to avoid a legal process; as, an absconding debtor. That very homesickness which, in regular armies, drives so many recruits to abscond. Macaulay.


ABSCOND Ab*scond, v. t. Defn: To hide; to conceal. [Obs.] Bentley.


ABSCONDENCE Ab*scondence, n. Defn: Fugitive concealment; secret retirement; hiding. [R.] Phillips.


ABSCONDER Ab*sconder, n. Defn: One who absconds.


ABSENCE Absence, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. absentia. See Absent.] 1. A state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; -- opposed to presence. Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence. Phil. ii. 12. 2. Want; destitution; withdrawal. In the absence of conventional law. Kent. 3. Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind); as, absence of mind. Reflecting on the little absences and distractions of mankind. Addison. To conquer that abstraction which is called absence. Landor.


ABSENT Absent, a. Etym: [F., fr. absens, absentis, p. pr. of abesse to be away from; ab + esse to be. Cf. Sooth.] 1. Being away from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present. Expecting absent friends. Shak. 2. Not existing; lacking; as, the part was rudimental or absent. 3. Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied; as, an absent air. What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a very weak or a very affected man. Chesterfield. Syn. -- Absent, Abstracted. These words both imply a want of attention to surrounding objects. We speak of a man as absent when his thoughts wander unconsciously from present scenes or topics of discourse; we speak of him as abstracted when his mind (usually for a brief period) is drawn off from present things by some weighty matter for reflection. Absence of mind is usually the result of loose habits of thought; abstraction commonly arises either from engrossing interests and cares, or from unfortunate habits of association.


ABSENT Ab*sent, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absented; p. pr. & vb. n. Absenting.] Etym: [Cf. F. absenter.] 1. To take or withdraw (one's self) to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; -- used with the reflexive pronoun. If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be fined. Addison. 2. To withhold from being present. [Obs.] Go; for thy stay, not free, absents thee more. Milton.


ABSENT-MINDED Ab`sent-minded(#), a. Defn: Absent in mind; abstracted; preoccupied. -- Ab`sent-minded*ness, n. -- Ab`sent-minded*ly, adv.


ABSENTANEOUS Ab`sen*tane*ous, a. Etym: [LL. absentaneus. See absent] Defn: Pertaining to absence. [Obs.]


ABSENTATION Ab`sen*tation, n. Defn: The act of absenting one's self. Sir W. Hamilton.


ABSENTEE Ab`sen*tee, n. Defn: One who absents himself from his country, office, post, or duty; especially, a landholder who lives in another country or district than that where his estate is situated; as, an Irish absentee. Macaulay.


ABSENTEEISM Ab`sen*teeism, n. Defn: The state or practice of an absentee; esp. the practice of absenting one's self from the country or district where one's estate is situated.


ABSENTER Ab*senter, n. Defn: One who absents one's self.


ABSENTLY Absent*ly, adv. Defn: In an absent or abstracted manner.


ABSENTMENT Ab*sentment, n. Defn: The state of being absent; withdrawal. [R.] Barrow.


ABSENTNESS Absent*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being absent-minded. H. Miller.


ABSEY-BOOK Absey-book`(#), n. Defn: An A-B-C book; a primer. [Obs.] Shak.


ABSINTHATE Absinthate, n. (Chem.) Defn: A combination of absinthic acid with a base or positive radical.


ABSINTHE; ABSINTH Absinthe`, Absinth`, n. Etym: [F. absinthe. See Absinthium.] 1. The plant absinthium or common wormwood. 2. A strong spirituous liqueur made from wormwood and brandy or alcohol.


ABSINTHIAL Ab*sinthi*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to wormwood; absinthian.


ABSINTHIAN Ab*sinthi*an, n. Defn: Of the nature of wormwood. Absinthian bitterness. T. Randolph.


ABSINTHIATE Absinthi*ate, v. t. Etym: [From L. absinthium: cf. L. absinthiatus, a.] Defn: To impregnate with wormwood.


ABSINTHIATED Ab*sinthi*a`ted, a. Defn: Impregnated with wormwood; as, absinthiated wine.


ABSINTHIC Ab*sinthic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Relating to the common wormwood or to an acid obtained from it.


ABSINTHIN Ab*sinthin, n. (Chem.) Defn: The bitter principle of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium). Watts.


ABSINTHISM Absin*thism, n. Defn: The condition of being poisoned by the excessive use of absinth.


ABSINTHIUM Ab*sinthi*um, n. Etym: [L., from Gr. (Bot.) Defn: The common wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter plant, used as a tonic and for making the oil of wormwood.


ABSIS Absis, n. Defn: See Apsis.


ABSIST Ab*sist, v. i. Etym: [L. absistere, p. pr. absistens; ab + sistere to stand, causal of stare.] Defn: To stand apart from; top leave off; to desist. [Obs.] Raleigh.


ABSISTENCE Ab*sistence, n. Defn: A standing aloof. [Obs.]


ABSOLUTE Abso*lute, a. Etym: [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F. absolu. See Absolve.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch. 2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty. So absolute she seems, And in herself complete. Milton. 3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space. Note: Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations. 4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing. Note: In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist. The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws. 5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative. Note: It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect. To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute. Sir W. Hamilton. 6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.] I am absolute 't was very Cloten. Shak. 7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.] The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed. Mrs. Browning. 8. (Chem.) Defn: Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol. 9. (Gram.) Defn: Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See Ablative absolute, under Ablative. Absolute curvature (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of double curvature, which is measured in the osculating plane of the curve. -- Absolute equation (Astron.), the sum of the optic and eccentric equations. -- Absolute space (Physics), space considered without relation to material limits or objects. -- Absolute terms. (Alg.), such as are known, or which do not contain the unknown quantity. Davies & Peck. -- Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as measured on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero. -- Absolute zero (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to -273? centigrade or -459.4? Fahrenheit. Syn. -- Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional; unlimited; unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic; autocratic.


ABSOLUTE Abso*lute, n. (Geom.) Defn: In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.


ABSOLUTELY Abso*lute*ly, adv. Defn: In an absolute, independent, or unconditional manner; wholly; positively.


ABSOLUTENESS Abso*lute*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being absolute; independence of everything extraneous; unlimitedness; absolute power; independent reality; positiveness.


ABSOLUTION Ab`so*lution, n. Etym: [F. absolution, L. absolutio, fr. absolvere to absolve. See Absolve.] 1. An absolving, or setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an offense. Government . . . granting absolution to the nation. Froude. 2. (Civil Law) Defn: An acquittal, or sentence of a judge declaring and accused person innocent. [Obs.] 3. (R. C. Ch.) Defn: The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent are forgiven. Note: In the English and other Protestant churches, this act regarded as simply declaratory, not as imparting forgiveness. 4. (Eccl.) Defn: An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, -- for example, excommunication. P. Cyc. 5. The form of words by which a penitent is absolved. Shipley. 6. Delivery, in speech. [Obs.] B. Jonson. Absolution day (R. C. Ch.), Tuesday before Easter.


ABSOLUTISM Abso*lu`tism, n. 1. The state of being absolute; the system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism. The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling. Palfrey. 2. (Theol.) Defn: Doctrine of absolute decrees. Ash.

<< Previous Page | Next Page >>

Home | Resources