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ALLINEATE Al*line*ate, v. t. Etym: [L. ad + lineatus, p. p. of lineare to draw a line.] Defn: To align. [R.] Herschel.


ALLINEATION; ALINEEATION Al*lin`e*ation, A*line`e*ation, n. Defn: Alignment; position in a straight line, as of two planets with the sun. Whewell. The allineation of the two planets. C. A. Young.


ALLISION Al*lision, n. Etym: [L. allisio, fr. allidere, to strike or dash against; ad + laedere to dash against.] Defn: The act of dashing against, or striking upon. The boisterous allision of the sea. Woodward.


ALLITERAL Al*liter*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or characterized by alliteration.


ALLITERATE Al*liter*ate, v. t. Defn: To employ or place so as to make alliteration. Skeat.


ALLITERATE Al*liter*ate, v. i. Defn: To compose alliteratively; also, to constitute alliteration.


ALLITERATION Al*lit`er*ation, n. Etym: [L. ad + litera letter. See Letter.] Defn: The repetition of the same letter at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or at short intervals; as in the following lines: - Behemoth, biggest born of earth, upheaved His vastness. Milton. Fly o'er waste fens and windy fields. Tennyson. Note: The recurrence of the same letter in accented parts of words is also called alliteration. Anglo-Saxon poetry is characterized by alliterative meter of this sort. Later poets also employed it. In a somer seson whan soft was the sonne, I shope me in shroudes as I a shepe were. P. Plowman.


ALLITERATIVE Al*liter*a*tive, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or characterized by, alliteration; as, alliterative poetry. -- Al*liter*a*tive*ly, adv. -- Al*liter*a*tive*ness, n.


ALLITERATOR Al*liter*a`tor, n. Defn: One who alliterates.


ALLIUM Alli*um, n. Etym: [L., garlic.] (bot.) Defn: A genus of plants, including the onion, garlic, leek, chive, etc.


ALLMOUTH Allmouth`, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The angler.


ALLNESS Allness, n. Defn: Totality; completeness. [R.] The allness of God, including his absolute spirituality, supremacy, and eternity. R. Turnbull.


ALLNIGHT Allnight`, n. Defn: Light, fuel, or food for the whole night. [Obs.] Bacon.


ALLOCATE Allo*cate, v. t. Etym: [LL. allocatus, p. p. of allocare, fr. L. ad + locare to place. See Allow.] 1. To distribute or assign; to allot. Burke. 2. To localize. [R.]


ALLOCATION Al`lo*cation, n. Etym: [LL. allocatio: cf. F. allocation.] 1. The act of putting one thing to another; a placing; disposition; arrangement. Hallam. 2. An allotment or apportionment; as, an allocation of shares in a company. The allocation of the particular portions of Palestine to its successive inhabitants. A. R. Stanley. 3. The admission of an item in an account, or an allowance made upon an account; -- a term used in the English exchequer.


ALLOCATUR Al`lo*catur, n. Etym: [LL., it is allowed, fr. allocare to allow.] (Law) Defn: Allowed. The word allocatur expresses the allowance of a proceeding, writ, order, etc., by a court, judge, or judicial officer.


ALLOCHROIC Al`lo*chroic, a. Defn: Changeable in color.


ALLOCHROITE Al*lochro*ite, n. (Min.) Defn: See Garnet.


ALLOCHROOUS Al*lochro*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Changing color.


ALLOCUTION Al`lo*cution, n. Etym: [L. allocuto, fr. alloqui to speak to; ad + loqui to speak: cf. F. allocution.] 1. The act or manner of speaking to, or of addressing in words. 2. An address; a hortatory or authoritative address as of a pope to his clergy. Addison.


ALLOD Allod, n. Defn: See Allodium.


ALLODIAL Al*lodi*al, a. Etym: [LL. allodialis, fr. allodium: cf. F. allodial. See Allodium.] (Law) Defn: Pertaining to allodium; freehold; free of rent or service; held independent of a lord paramount; -- opposed to feudal; as, allodial lands; allodial system. Blackstone.


ALLODIAL Al*lodi*al, a. Defn: Anything held allodially. W. Coxe.


ALLODIALISM Al*lodi*al*ism, n. Defn: The allodial system.


ALLODIALIST Al*lodi*al*ist, n. Defn: One who holds allodial land.


ALLODIALLY Al*lodi*al*ly, adv. Defn: By allodial tenure.


ALLODIARY Al*lodi*a*ry, n. Defn: One who holds an allodium.


ALLODIUM Al*lodi*um, n. Etym: [LL. allodium, alodium, alodis, alaudis, of Ger. origin; cf. OHG. al all, and (AS. ead) possession, property. It means, therefore, entirely one's property.] (Law) Defn: Freehold estate; land which is the absolute property of the owner; real estate held in absolute independence, without being subject to any rent, service, or acknowledgment to a superior. It is thus opposed to feud. Blackstone. Bouvier.


ALLOGAMOUS Al*loga*mous, a. (Bot.) Defn: Characterized by allogamy.


ALLOGAMY Al*loga*my n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Fertilization of the pistil of a plant by pollen from another of the same species; cross-fertilization.


ALLOGENEOUS Al`lo*gene*ous, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Different in nature or kind. [R.]


ALLOGRAPH Allo*graph, n. Etym: [Gr. -graph.] Defn: A writing or signature made by some person other than any of the parties thereto; -- opposed to autograph.


ALLOMERISM Al*lomer*ism, n. Etym: [Gr. (Chem.) Defn: Variability in chemical constitution without variation in crystalline form.


ALLOMEROUS Al*lomer*ous, a. (Chem.) Defn: Characterized by allomerism.


ALLOMORPH Allo*morph, n. Etym: [Gr. (Min.) (a) Any one of two or more distinct crystalline forms of the same substance; or the substance having such forms; -- as, carbonate of lime occurs in the allomorphs calcite and aragonite. (b) A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone partial or complete change or substitution of material; -- thus limonite is frequently an allomorph after pyrite. G. H. Williams.


ALLOMORPHIC Al`lo*morphic, a. (Min.) Defn: Of or pertaining to allomorphism.


ALLOMORPHISM Al`lo*morphism, n. (Min.) Defn: The property which constitutes an allomorph; the change involved in becoming an allomorph.


ALLONGE Al*longe, n. Etym: [F. allonge, earlier alonge, a lengthening. See Allonge, v., and cf. Lunge.] 1. (Fencing) Defn: A thrust or pass; a lunge. 2. A slip of paper attached to a bill of exchange for receiving indorsements, when the back of the bill itself is already full; a rider. [A French usage] Abbott.


ALLONGE Al*longe, v. i. Etym: [F. allonger; ? (L. ad) + long (L. longus) long.] Defn: To thrust with a sword; to lunge.


ALLONYM Allo*nym, n. Etym: [F. allonyme, fr. Gr. 1. The name of another person assumed by the author of a work. 2. A work published under the name of some one other than the author.


ALLONYMOUS Al*lony*mous, a. Defn: Published under the name of some one other than the author.


ALLOO Al*loo, v. t. or i. Etym: [See Halloo.] Defn: To incite dogs by a call; to halloo. [Obs.]


ALLOPATH Allo*path, n. Etym: [Cf. F. allopathe.] Defn: An allopathist. Ed. Rev.


ALLOPATHIC Al`lo*pathic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. allopathique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to allopathy.


ALLOPATHICALLY Al`lo*pathic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In a manner conformable to allopathy; by allopathic methods.


ALLOPATHIST Al*lopa*thist, n. Defn: One who practices allopathy; one who professes allopathy.


ALLOPATHY Al*lopa*thy, n. Etym: [Gr. allopathie, F. allopathie. See Pathos.] Defn: That system of medical practice which aims to combat disease by the use of remedies which produce effects different from those produced by the special disease treated; -- a term invented by Hahnemann to designate the ordinary practice, as opposed to homeopathy.


ALLOPHYLIC; ALLOPHYLIAN Al`lo*phylic, Al`lo*phyli*an, a. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Pertaining to a race or a language neither Aryan nor Semitic. J. Prichard.


ALLOQUY Allo*quy, n. Etym: [L. alloquim, fr. alloqui.] Defn: A speaking to another; an address. [Obs.]


ALLOT Al*lot, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allotted; p. pr. & vb. n. Allotting.] Etym: [OF. aloter, F. allotir; a (L. ad) + lot lot. See Lot.] 1. To distribute by lot. 2. To distribute, or parcel out in parts or portions; or to distribute to each individual concerned; to assign as a share or lot; to set apart as one's share; to bestow on; to grant; to appoint; as, let every man be contented with that which Providence allots him. Ten years I will allot to the attainment of knowledge. Johnson.


ALLOTHEISM Allo*the*ism, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The worship of strange gods. Jer. Taylor.


ALLOTMENT Al*lotment, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. alotement, F. allotement.] 1. The act of allotting; assignment. 2. That which is allotted; a share, part, or portion granted or distributed; that which is assigned by lot, or by the act of God; anything set apart for a special use or to a distinct party. The alloments of God and nature. L'Estrange. A vineyard and an allotment for olives and herbs. Broome. 3. (law) Defn: The allowance of a specific amount of scrip or of a particular thing to a particular person. Cottage allotment, an allotment of a small portion of land to a country laborer for garden cultivation. [Eng.]


ALLOTRIOPHAGY Al`lo*tri*opha*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. allotriophagie.] (Med.) Defn: A depraved appetite; a desire for improper food.


ALLOTROPHIC Al`lo*trophic, a. [Gr. other + trophic.] (a) (Physiol.) Changed or modified in nutritive power by the process of digestion. (b) (Plant Physiol.) Dependent upon other organisms for nutrition; heterotrophic; -- said of plants unable to perform photosynthesis, as all saprophytes; -- opposed to autotrophic.


ALLOTROPIC; ALLOTROPICAL Al`lo*tropic, Al`lo*tropic*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. allotropique.] Defn: Of or pertaining to allotropism. -- Al`lo*tropic*al*ly, adv. Allotropic state, the several conditions which occur in a case of allotropism.


ALLOTROPICITY Al*lot`ro*pici*ty, n. Defn: Allotropic property or nature.


ALLOTROPISM; ALLOTROPY Al*lotro*pism, Al*lotro*py, n. Etym: [Gr. allotropie.] (Chem.) Defn: The property of existing in two or more conditions which are distinct in their physical or chemical relations. Note: Thus, carbon occurs crystallized in octahedrons and other related forms, in a state of extreme hardness, in the diamond; it occurs in hexagonal forms, and of little hardness, in black lead; and again occurs in a third form, with entire softness, in lampblack and charcoal. In some cases, one of these is peculiarly an active state, and the other a passive one. Thus, ozone is an active state of oxygen, and is distinct from ordinary oxygen, which is the element in its passive state.


ALLOTROPIZE Al*lotro*pize, v. t. Defn: To change in physical properties but not in substance. [R.]


ALLOTTABLE Al*lotta*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being allotted.


ALLOTTEE Al*lot`tee, n. Defn: One to whom anything is allotted; one to whom an allotment is made.


ALLOTTER Al*lotter, n. Defn: One who allots.


ALLOTTERY Al*lotter*y, n. Defn: Allotment. [Obs.] Shak.


ALLOW Al*low, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allowed; p. pr. & vb. n. Allowing.] Etym: [OE. alouen, OF. alouer, aloer, aluer, F. allouer, fr. LL. allocare to admit as proved, to place, use; confused with OF. aloer, fr. L. allaudare to extol; ad + laudare to praise. See Local, and cf. Allocate, Laud.] 1. To praise; to approve of; hence, to sanction. [Obs. or Archaic] Ye allow the deeds of your fathers. Luke xi. 48. We commend his pains, condemn his pride, allow his life, approve his learning. Fuller. 2. To like; to be suited or pleased with. [Obs.] How allow you the model of these clothes Massinger. 3. To sanction; to invest; to intrust. [Obs.] Thou shalt be . . . allowed with absolute power. Shak. 4. To grant, give, admit, accord, afford, or yield; to let one have; as, to allow a servant his liberty; to allow a free passage; to allow one day for rest. He was allowed about three hundred pounds a year. Macaulay. 5. To own or acknowledge; to accept as true; to concede; to accede to an opinion; as, to allow a right; to allow a claim; to allow the truth of a proposition. I allow, with Mrs. Grundy and most moralists, that Miss Newcome's conduct . . . was highly reprehensible. Thackeray. 6. To grant (something) as a deduction or an addition; esp. to abate or deduct; as, to allow a sum for leakage. 7. To grant license to; to permit; to consent to; as, to allow a son to be absent. Syn. -- To allot; assign; bestow; concede; admit; permit; suffer; tolerate. See Permit.


ALLOW Al*low, v. i. Defn: To admit; to concede; to make allowance or abatement. Allowing still for the different ways of making it. Addison. To allow of, to permit; to admit. Shak.


ALLOWABLE Al*lowa*ble, a. Etym: [F. allouable.] 1. Praiseworthy; laudable. [Obs.] Hacket. 2. Proper to be, or capable of being, allowed; permissible; admissible; not forbidden; not unlawful or improper; as, a certain degree of freedom is allowable among friends.


ALLOWABLENESS Al*lowa*ble*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being allowable; permissibleness; lawfulness; exemption from prohibition or impropriety. South.


ALLOWABLY Al*lowa*bly, adv. Defn: In an allowable manner.


ALLOWANCE Al*lowance, n. Etym: [OF. alouance.] 1. Approval; approbation. [Obs.] Crabbe. 2. The act of allowing, granting, conceding, or admitting; authorization; permission; sanction; tolerance. Without the king's will or the state's allowance. Shak. 3. Acknowledgment. The censure of the which one must in your allowance o'erweigh a whole theater of others. Shak. 4. License; indulgence. [Obs.] Locke. 5. That which is allowed; a share or portion allotted or granted; a sum granted as a reimbursement, a bounty, or as appropriate for any purpose; a stated quantity, as of food or drink; hence, a limited quantity of meat and drink, when provisions fall short. I can give the boy a handsome allowance. Thackeray. 6. Abatement; deduction; the taking into account of mitigating circumstances; as, to make allowance for the inexperience of youth. After making the largest allowance for fraud. Macaulay. 7. (com.) Defn: A customary deduction from the gross weight of goods, different in different countries, such as tare and tret.


ALLOWANCE Al*lowance, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allowancing.] Etym: [See Allowance, n.] Defn: To put upon a fixed allowance (esp. of provisions and drink); to supply in a fixed and limited quantity; as, the captain was obliged to allowance his crew; our provisions were allowanced.


ALLOWEDLY Al*lowed*ly adv. Defn: By allowance; admittedly. Shenstone.


ALLOWER Al*lower, n. 1. An approver or abettor. [Obs.] 2. One who allows or permits.


ALLOXAN Al*loxan, n. Etym: [Allantoin + oxalic, as containing the elements of allantion and oxalic acid.] (Chem.) Defn: An oxidation product of uric acid. It is of a pale reddish color, readily soluble in water or alcohol.


ALLOXANATE Al*loxa*nate, n. (Chem.) Defn: A combination of alloxanic acid and a base or base or positive radical.


ALLOXANIC Al`lox*anic, a. (Chem.) Defn: Of or pertaining to alloxan; -- applied to an acid obtained by the action of soluble alkalies on alloxan.


ALLOXANTIN Al`lox*antin, n. (Chem.) Defn: A substance produced by acting upon uric with warm and very dilute nitric acid.


ALLOY Al*loy, n. Etym: [OE. alai, OF. alei, F. aloyer, to alloy, alier to ally. See Alloy, v. t.] 1. Any combination or compound of metals fused together; a mixture of metals; for example, brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc. But when mercury is one of the metals, the compound is called an amalgam. 2. The quality, or comparative purity, of gold or silver; fineness. 3. A baser metal mixed with a finer. Fine silver is silver without the mixture of any baser metal. Alloy is baser metal mixed with it. Locke. 4. Admixture of anything which lessens the value or detracts from; as, no happiness is without alloy. Pure English without Latin alloy. F. Harrison.


ALLOY Al*loy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alloyed; p. pr. & vb. n. Alloying.] Etym: [F. aloyer, OF. alier, allier, later allayer, fr. L. aligare. See Alloy, n., Ally, v.t., and cf. Allay.] 1. To reduce the purity of by mixing with a less valuable substance; as, to alloy gold with silver or copper, or silver with copper. 2. To mix, as metals, so as to form a compound. 3. To abate, impair, or debase by mixture; to allay; as, to alloy pleasure with misfortunes.


ALLOY Al*loy, v. t. Defn: To form a metallic compound. Gold and iron alloy with ease. Ure.


ALLOY STEEL Alloy steel. Defn: Any steel containing a notable quantity of some other metal alloyed with the iron, usually chromium, nickel, manganese, tungsten, or vanadium.


ALLOYAGE Al*loyage, n. Etym: [F. aloyage.] Defn: The act or art of alloying metals; also, the combination or alloy.


ALLSPICE Allspice`, n. Defn: The berry of the pimento (Eugenia pimenta), a tree of the West Indies; a spice of a mildly pungent taste, and agreeably aromatic; Jamaica pepper; pimento. It has been supposed to combine the flavor of cinnamon, nutmegs, and cloves; and hence the name. The name is also given to other aromatic shrubs; as, the Carolina allspice (Calycanthus floridus); wild allspice (Lindera benzoin), called also spicebush, spicewood, and feverbush.


ALLTHING All`thing`, adv. Etym: [For in all (= every) thing.] Defn: Altogether. [Obs.] Shak.


ALLUDE Al*lude, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Alluded; p. pr. & vb. n. Alluding.] Etym: [L. alludere to play with, to allude; ad + ludere to play.] Defn: To refer to something indirectly or by suggestion; to have reference to a subject not specifically and plainly mentioned; -- followed by to; as, the story alludes to a recent transaction. These speeches . . . do seem to allude unto such ministerial garments as were then in use. Hooker. Syn. -- To refer; point; indicate; hint; suggest; intimate; signify; insinuate; advert. See Refer.


ALLUDE Al*lude, v. t. Defn: To compare allusively; to refer (something) as applicable. [Obs.] Wither.


ALLUMETTE Al`lu`mette, n. Etym: [F., from allumer to light.] Defn: A match for lighting candles, lamps, etc.


ALLUMINOR Al*lumi*nor, n. Etym: [OF. alumineor, fr. L. ad + liminare. See Luminate.] Defn: An illuminator of manuscripts and books; a limner. [Obs.] Cowell.


ALLURANCE Al*lurance, n. Defn: Allurement. [R.]


ALLURE Al*lure, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alluded; p. pr. & vb. n. Alluring.] Etym: [OF. aleurrer, alurer, fr. a (L. ad) + leurre lure. See Lure.] Defn: To attempt to draw; to tempt by a lure or bait, that is, by the offer of some good, real or apparent; to invite by something flattering or acceptable; to entice; to attract. With promised joys allured them on. Falconer. The golden sun in splendor likest Heaven Allured his eye. Milton. Syn. -- To attract; entice; tempt; decoy; seduce. -- To Allure, Entice, Decoy, Seduce. These words agree in the idea of acting upon the mind by some strong controlling influence, and differ according to the image under which is presented. They are all used in a bad sense, except allure, which has sometimes (though rarely) a good one. We are allured by the prospect or offer (usually deceptive) of some future good. We are commonly enticed into evil by appeals to our passions. We are decoyed into danger by false appearances or representations. We are seduced when drawn aside from the path of rectitude. What allures draws by gentle means; what entices leads us by promises and persuasions; what decoys betrays us, as it were, into a snare or net; what seduces deceives us by artful appeals to the passions.


ALLURE Al*lure, n. Defn: Allurement. [R.] Hayward.


ALLURE Al`lure, n. Etym: [F.; aller to go.] Defn: Gait; bearing. The swing, the gait, the pose, the allure of these men. Harper's Mag.


ALLUREMENT Al*lurement, n. 1. The act alluring; temptation; enticement. Though Adam by his wife's allurement fell. Milton. 2. That which allures; any real or apparent good held forth, or operating, as a motive to action; as, the allurements of pleasure, or of honor.


ALLURER Al*lurer, n. Defn: One who, or that which, allures.


ALLURING Al*luring, a. Defn: That allures; attracting; charming; tempting. -- Al*luring*ly, adv. -- Al*luring*ness, n.


ALLUSION Al*lusion, n. Etym: [L. allusio, fr. alludere to allude: cf. F. allusion.] 1. A figurative or symbolical reference. [Obs.] 2. A reference to something supposed to be known, but not explicitly mentioned; a covert indication; indirect reference; a hint.


ALLUSIVE Al*lusive, a. 1. Figurative; symbolical. 2. Having reference to something not fully expressed; containing an allusion.


ALLUSIVELY Al*lusive*ly, adv. Defn: Figuratively [Obs.]; by way of allusion; by implication, suggestion, or insinuation.


ALLUSIVENESS Al*lusive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being allusive.


ALLUSORY Al*luso*ry, a. Defn: Allusive. [R.] Warburton.


ALLUVIAL Al*luvi*al, a. Etym: [Cf. F. alluvial. See Alluvion.] Defn: Pertaining to, contained in, or composed of, alluvium; relating to the deposits made by flowing water; washed away from one place and deposited in another; as, alluvial soil, mud, accumulations, deposits.


ALLUVION Al*luvi*on, n. Etym: [F. alluvion, L. alluvio, fr. alluere to wash against; ad + luere, equiv. to lavare, to wash. See Lave.] 1. Wash or flow of water against the shore or bank. 2. An overflowing; an inundation; a flood. Lyell. 3. Matter deposited by an inundation or the action of flowing water; alluvium. The golden alluvions are there [in California and Australia] spread over a far wider space: they are found not only on the banks of rivers, and in their beds, but are scattered over the surface of vast plains. R. Cobden. 4. (Law) Defn: An accession of land gradually washed to the shore or bank by the flowing of water. See Accretion.

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