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ALKEKENGI Al`ke*kengi, n. Etym: [Cf. F. alk?kenge, Sp. alquequenje, ultimately fr. Ar. al-kakanj a kind of resin from Herat.] (Bot.) Defn: An herbaceous plant of the nightshade family (Physalis alkekengi) and its fruit, which is a well flavored berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed in a enlarged leafy calyx; -- also called winter cherry, ground cherry, and strawberry tomato. D. C. Eaton.


ALKERMES Al*kermes, n. Etym: [Ar. al-qirmiz kermes. See Kermes.] (Old Pharmacy) Defn: A compound cordial, in the form of a confection, deriving its name from the kermes insect, its principal ingredient.


ALKORAN Alko*ran, n. Defn: The Mohammedan Scriptures. Same as Alcoran and Koran.


ALKORANIC Al`ko*ranic, a. Defn: Same as Alcoranic.


ALKORANIST Al`ko*ranist, n. Defn: Same as Alcoranist.


ALL All, a. Etym: [OE. al, pl. alle, AS. eal, pl. ealle, Northumbrian alle, akin to D. & OHG. al, Ger. all, Icel. allr. Dan. al, Sw. all, Goth. alls; and perh. to Ir. and Gael. uile, W. oll.] 1. The whole quantity, extent, duration, amount, quality, or degree of; the whole; the whole number of; any whatever; every; as, all the wheat; all the land; all the year; all the strength; all happiness; all abundance; loss of all power; beyond all doubt; you will see us all (or all of us). Prove all things: hold fast that which is good. 1 Thess. v. 21. 2. Any. [Obs.] Without all remedy. Shak. Note: When the definite article the, or a possessive or a demonstrative pronoun, is joined to the noun that all qualifies, all precedes the article or the pronoun; as, all the cattle; all my labor; all his wealth; all our families; all your citizens; all their property; all other joys. Note: This word, not only in popular language, but in the Scriptures, often signifies, indefinitely, a large portion or number, or a great part. Thus, all the cattle in Egypt died, all Judea and all the region round about Jordan, all men held John as a prophet, are not to be understood in a literal sense, but as including a large part, or very great numbers. 3. Only; alone; nothing but. I was born to speak all mirth and no matter. Shak. All the whole, the whole (emphatically). [Obs.] All the whole army. Shak.


ALL All, adv. 1. Wholly; completely; altogether; entirely; quite; very; as, all bedewed; my friend is all for amusement. And cheeks all pale. Byron. Note: In the ancient phrases, all too dear, all too much, all so long, etc., this word retains its appropriate sense or becomes intensive. 2. Even; just. (Often a mere intensive adjunct.) [Obs. or Poet.] All as his straying flock he fed. Spenser. A damsel lay deploring All on a rock reclined. Gay. All to, or All-to. In such phrases as all to rent, all to break, all-to frozen, etc., which are of frequent occurrence in our old authors, the all and the to have commonly been regarded as forming a compound adverb, equivalent in meaning to entirely, completely, altogether. But the sense of entireness lies wholly in the word all (as it does in all forlorn, and similar expressions), and the to properly belongs to the following word, being a kind of intensive prefix (orig. meaning asunder and answering to the LG. ter-, HG. zer- ). It is frequently to be met with in old books, used without the all. Thus Wyclif says, The vail of the temple was to rent: and of Judas, He was hanged and to-burst the middle: i. e., burst in two, or asunder. -- All along. See under Along. -- All and some, individually and collectively, one and all. [Obs.] Displeased all and some. Fairfax. -- All but. (a) Scarcely; not even. [Obs.] Shak. (b) Almost; nearly. The fine arts were all but proscribed. Macaulay. -- All hollow, entirely, completely; as, to beat any one all hollow. [Low] -- All one, the same thing in effect; that is, wholly the same thing. -- All over, over the whole extent; thoroughly; wholly; as, she is her mother all over. [Colloq.] -- All the better, wholly the better; that is, better by the whole difference. -- All the same, nevertheless. There they [certain phenomena] remain rooted all the same, whether we recognize them or not. J. C. Shairp. But Rugby is a very nice place all the same. T. Arnold. -- See also under All, n.


ALL All, n. Defn: The whole number, quantity, or amount; the entire thing; everything included or concerned; the aggregate; the whole; totality; everything or every person; as, our all is at stake. Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all. Shak. All that thou seest is mine. Gen. xxxi. 43. Note: All is used with of, like a partitive; as, all of a thing, all of us. After all, after considering everything to the contrary; nevertheless. -- All in all, a phrase which signifies all things to a person, or everything desired; (also adverbially) wholly; altogether. Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee, Forever. Milton. Trust me not at all, or all in all. Tennyson. -- All in the wind (Naut.), a phrase denoting that the sails are parallel with the course of the wind, so as to shake. -- All told, all counted; in all. -- And all, and the rest; and everything connected. Bring our crown and all. Shak. -- At all. (a) In every respect; wholly; thoroughly. [Obs.] She is a shrew at al(l). Chaucer. (b) A phrase much used by way of enforcement or emphasis, usually in negative or interrogative sentences, and signifying in any way or respect; in the least degree or to the least extent; in the least; under any circumstances; as, he has no ambition at all; has he any property at all Nothing at all. Shak. It thy father at all miss me. 1 Sam. xx. 6. -- Over all, everywhere. [Obs.] Chaucer. Note: All is much used in composition to enlarge the meaning, or add force to a word. In some instances, it is completely incorporated into words, and its final consonant is dropped, as in almighty, already, always: but, in most instances, it is an adverb prefixed to adjectives or participles, but usually with a hyphen, as, all- bountiful, all-glorious, allimportant, all-surrounding, etc. In others it is an adjective; as, allpower, all-giver. Anciently many words, as, alabout, alaground, etc., were compounded with all, which are now written separately.


ALL All, conj. Etym: [Orig. all, adv., wholly: used with though or if, which being dropped before the subjunctive left all as if in the sense although.] Defn: Although; albeit. [Obs.] All they were wondrous loth. Spenser.


ALL FOOLS' DAY All Fools' Day`. Defn: The first day of April, a day on which sportive impositions are practiced. The first of April, some do say, Is set apart for All Fools' Day. Poor Robin's Almanack (1760).


ALL FOURS All` fours Etym: [formerly, All` four.] Defn: All four legs of a quadruped; or the two legs and two arms of a person. To be, go, or run, on all fours (Fig.), to be on the same footing; to correspond (with) exactly; to be alike in all the circumstances to be considered. This example is on all fours with the other. No simile can go on all fours. Macaulay.


ALL HAIL All` hail. Etym: [All + hail, interj.] Defn: All health; -- a phrase of salutation or welcome.


ALL SAINTS; ALL SAINTS' All Saints`, All Saints', Defn: The first day of November, called, also, Allhallows or Hallowmas; a feast day kept in honor of all the saints; also, the season of this festival.


ALL SOULS' DAY All Souls' Day`. Defn: The second day of November; a feast day of the Roman Catholic church, on which supplications are made for the souls of the faithful dead.


ALL-A-MORT All`-a-mort, a. Defn: See Alamort.


ALL-HAIL All`-hail, v. t. Defn: To salute; to greet. [Poet.] Whiles I stood rapt in the wonder of it, came missives from the king, who all-hailed me Thane of Cawdor. Shak.


ALL-POSSESSED All`-pos*sessed, a. Defn: Controlled by an evil spirit or by evil passions; wild. [Colloq.]


ALLA BREVE Al`la breve. Etym: [It., according to the breve.] (Old Church Music) Defn: With one breve, or four minims, to measure, and sung faster like four crotchets; in quick common time; -- indicated in the time signature by


ALLAH Allah, n. Etym: [ contr. fr. the article al the + ilah God.] Defn: The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs and the Mohammedans generally.


ALLANITE Allan*ite, n. Etym: [From T. Allan, who first distinguished it as a species.] (min.) Defn: A silicate containing a large amount of cerium. It is usually black in color, opaque, and is related to epidote in form and composition.


ALLANTOIC Al`lan*toic, a. Etym: [Cf. F. allanto?que.] Defn: Pertaining to, or contained in, the allantois. Allantoic acid. (Chem.) See Allantoin.


ALLANTOID; ALLANTOIDAL Al*lantoid, Al`lan*toidal, a. Etym: [Gr. (Anat.) Defn: Of or pertaining to the allantois.


ALLANTOIDEA Al`lan*toide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The division of Vertebrata in which the embryo develops an allantois. It includes reptiles, birds, and mammals.


ALLANTOIN Al*lanto*in, n. (Chem.) Defn: A crystalline, transparent, colorless substance found in the allantoic liquid of the fetal calf; -- formerly called allantoic acid and amniotic acid.


ALLANTOIS; ALLANTOID Al*lanto*is, Al*lantoid, } n.. (Anat.) Defn: A membranous appendage of the embryos of mammals, birds, and reptiles, -- in mammals serving to connect the fetus with the parent; the urinary vesicle.


ALLATRATE Alla*trate, v. i. Etym: [L. allatrare. See Latrate.] Defn: To bark as a dog. [Obs.] Stubbes.


ALLAY Al*lay, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allayed; p. pr. & vb. n. Allaying.] Etym: [OE. alaien, aleggen, to lay down, put down, humble, put an end to, AS. alecgan; a- (cf. Goth. us-, G. er-, orig. meaning out) + lecgan to lay; but confused with old forms of allege, alloy, alegge. See Lay.] 1. To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm; as, to allay popular excitement; to allay the tumult of the passions. 2. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate; as, to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity. It would allay the burning quality of that fell poison. Shak. Syn. -- To alleviate; check; repress; assuage; appease; abate; subdue; destroy; compose; soothe; calm; quiet. See Alleviate.


ALLAY Al*lay, v. t. Defn: To diminish in strength; to abate; to subside. When the rage allays. Shak.


ALLAY Al*lay, n. Defn: Alleviation; abatement; check. [Obs.]


ALLAY Al*lay, n. Defn: Alloy. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ALLAY Al*lay, v. t. Defn: To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate. [Archaic] Fuller.


ALLAYER Al*layer, n. Defn: One who, or that which, allays.


ALLAYMENT Al*layment, n. Defn: An allaying; that which allays; mitigation. [Obs.] The like allayment could I give my grief. Shak.


ALLECRET Alle*cret, n. Etym: [OF. alecret, halecret, hallecret.] Defn: A kind of light armor used in the sixteenth century, esp. by the Swiss. Fairholt.


ALLECT Al*lect, v. t. Etym: [L. allectare, freq. of allicere, allectum.] Defn: To allure; to entice. [Obs.]


ALLECTATION Al`lec*tation, n. Etym: [L. allectatio.] Defn: Enticement; allurement. [Obs.] Bailey.


ALLECTIVE Al*lective, a. Etym: [LL. allectivus.] Defn: Alluring. [Obs.]


ALLECTIVE Al*lective, n. Defn: Allurement. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


ALLEDGE Al*ledge, v. t. Defn: See Allege. [Obs.] Note: This spelling, corresponding to abridge, was once the prevailing one.


ALLEGATION Al`le*gation, n. Etym: [L. allegatio, fr. allegare, allegatum, to send a message, cite; later, to free by giving reasons; ad + legare to send, commission. Cf. Allege and Adlegation.] 1. The act of alleging or positively asserting. 2. That which is alleged, asserted, or declared; positive assertion; formal averment I thought their allegation but reasonable. Steele. 3. (Law) Defn: A statement by a party of what he undertakes to prove, -- usually applied to each separate averment; the charge or matter undertaken to be proved.


ALLEGE Al*lege, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alleged; p. pr. & vb. n. Alleging.] Etym: [OE. aleggen to bring forward as evidence, OF. esligier to buy, prop. to free from legal difficulties, fr. an assumed LL. exlitigare; L. ex + litigare to quarrel, sue (see Litigate). The word was confused with L. allegare (see Allegation), and lex law. Cf. Allay.] 1. To bring forward with positiveness; to declare; to affirm; to assert; as, to allege a fact. 2. To cite or quote; as, to allege the authority of a judge. [Archaic] 3. To produce or urge as a reason, plea, or excuse; as, he refused to lend, alleging a resolution against lending. Syn. -- To bring forward; adduce; advance; assign; produce; declare; affirm; assert; aver; predicate.


ALLEGE Al*lege, v. t. Etym: [See Allay.] Defn: To alleviate; to lighten, as a burden or a trouble. [Obs.] Wyclif.


ALLEGEABLE Al*legea*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being alleged or affirmed. The most authentic examples allegeable in the case. South.


ALLEGEANCE Al*legeance, n. Defn: Allegation. [Obs.]


ALLEGEMENT Al*legement, n. Defn: Allegation. [Obs.] With many complaints and allegements. Bp. Sanderson.


ALLEGER Al*leger, n. Defn: One who affirms or declares.


ALLEGGE Al*legge, v. t. Defn: See Alegge and Allay. [Obs.]


ALLEGHENIAN; ALLEGHANIAN Al`le*gheni*an, a. Also Al`le*ghani*an. (Biogeography) Defn: Pertaining to or designating the humid division of the Transition zone extending across the northern United States from New England to eastern Dakota, and including also most of Pennsylvania and the mountainous region as far south as northern Georgia.


ALLEGHENY; ALLEGHANY Alle*ghe`ny, a. 1. Of or pertaining to the Allegheny Mountains, or the region where they are situated. Also Alle*gha`ny. 2. [From the Allegheny River, Pennsylvania.] (Geol.) Pertaining to or designating a subdivision of the Pennsylvanian coal measure.


ALLEGIANCE Al*legiance, n. Etym: [OE. alegeaunce; pref. a- + OF. lige, liege. The meaning was influenced by L. ligare to bind, and even by lex, legis, law. See Liege, Ligeance.] 1. The tie or obligation, implied or expressed, which a subject owes to his sovereign or government; the duty of fidelity to one's king, government, or state. 2. Devotion; loyalty; as, allegiance to science. Syn. -- Loyalty; fealty. -- Allegiance, Loyalty. These words agree in expressing the general idea of fidelity and attachment to the powers that be. Allegiance is an obligation to a ruling power. Loyalty is a feeling or sentiment towards such power. Allegiance may exist under any form of government, and, in a republic, we generally speak of allegiance to the government, to the state, etc. In well conducted monarchies, loyalty is a warm-hearted feeling of fidelity and obedience to the sovereign. It is personal in its nature; and hence we speak of the loyalty of a wife to her husband, not of her allegiance. In cases where we personify, loyalty is more commonly the word used; as, loyalty to the constitution; loyalty to the cause of virtue; loyalty to truth and religion, etc. Hear me, recreant, on thine allegiance hear me! Shak. So spake the Seraph Abdiel, faithful found, . . . Unshaken, unseduced, unterrified, His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal. Milton.


ALLEGIANT Al*legiant, a. Defn: Loyal. Shak.


ALLEGORIC; ALLEGORICAL Al`le*goric, Al`le*goric*al, a. Etym: [F. all?gorique, L. allegorius, fr. Gr. Allegory.] Defn: Belonging to, or consisting of, allegory; of the nature of an allegory; describing by resemblances; figurative. An allegoric tale. Falconer. An allegorical application. Pope. Allegorical being . . . that kind of language which says one thing, but means another. Max Miller. Al`le*goric*al*ly, adv. -- Al`le*goric*al*ness, n.


ALLEGORIST Alle*go*rist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. allegoriste.] Defn: One who allegorizes; a writer of allegory. Hume.


ALLEGORIZATION Al`le*gori*zation, n. Defn: The act of turning into allegory, or of understanding in an allegorical sense.


ALLEGORIZE Alle*go*rize, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Allegorized; p. pr. & vb. n. Allegorizing.] Etym: [Cf. F. all?goriser, fr. L. allegorizare.] 1. To form or turn into allegory; as, to allegorize the history of a people. 2. To treat as allegorical; to understand in an allegorical sense; as, when a passage in a writer may understood literally or figuratively, he who gives it a figurative sense is said to allegorize it.


ALLEGORIZE Alle*go*rize, v. t. Defn: To use allegory. Holland.


ALLEGORIZER Alle*go*ri`zer, n. Defn: One who allegorizes, or turns things into allegory; an allegorist.


ALLEGORY Alle*go*ry, n.; pl. Allegories. Etym: [L. allegoria, Gr. all?gorie.] 1. A figurative sentence or discourse, in which the principal subject is described by another subject resembling it in its properties and circumstances. The real subject is thus kept out of view, and we are left to collect the intentions of the writer or speaker by the resemblance of the secondary to the primary subject. 2. Anything which represents by suggestive resemblance; an emblem. 3. (Paint. & Sculpt.) Defn: A figure representation which has a meaning beyond notion directly conveyed by the object painted or sculptured. Syn. -- Metaphor; fable. -- Allegory, Parable. An allegory differs both from fable and parable, in that the properties of persons are fictitiously represented as attached to things, to which they are as it were transferred. . . . A figure of Peace and Victory crowning some historical personage is an allegory. I am the Vine, ye are the branches [John xv. 1-6] is a spoken allegory. In the parable there is no transference of properties. The parable of the sower [Matt. xiii. 3-23] represents all things as according to their proper nature. In the allegory quoted above the properties of the vine and the relation of the branches are transferred to the person of Christ and His apostles and disciples. C. J. Smith. Note: An allegory is a prolonged metaphor. Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress and Spenser's Fa?rie Queene are celebrated examples of the allegory.


ALLEGRESSE Al`le`gresse, n. Etym: [F. all?gresse, fr. L. alacer sprightly.] Defn: Joy; gladsomeness.


ALLEGRETTO Al`le*gretto, a. Etym: [It., dim. of allegro.] (Mus.) Defn: Quicker than andante, but not so quick as allegro. -- n. Defn: A movement in this time.


ALLEGRO Al*legro, a. Etym: [It., merry, gay, fr. L. alacer lively. Cf. Aleger.] (Mus.) Defn: Brisk, lively. -- n. Defn: An allegro movement; a quick, sprightly strain or piece.


ALLELOMORPH Al*lelo*morph, n. [Gr. of one another + Gr. form.] (Biol.) Defn: One of the pure unit characters commonly existing singly or in pairs in the germ cells of Mendelian hybrids, and exhibited in varying proportion among the organisms themselves. Allelomorphs which under certain circumstances are themselves compound are called hypallelomorphs. See Mendel's law. -- Al*le`lo*morphic (#), a. As we know that the several unit characters are of such a nature that any one of them is capable of independently displacing or being displaced by one or more alternative characters taken singly, we may recognize this fact by naming such characters allelomorphs. Bateson.


ALLELUIA; ALLELUIAH Al`le*luia, Al`le*luiah, n. Etym: [L. alleluia, Gr. hall-yah. See Hallelujah.] Defn: An exclamation signifying Praise ye Jehovah. Hence: A song of praise to God. See Hallelujah, the commoner form. I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia. Rev. xix. 1.


ALLEMANDE Alle*mande, n. Etym: [F., fr. allemand German.] 1. (Mus.) Defn: A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in the reign of Louis XIV.; -- now mostly found in suites of pieces, like those of Bach and Handel. 2. A figure in dancing.


ALLEMANNIC Al`le*mannic, a. Defn: See Alemannic.


ALLENARLY Al*lenar*ly, adv. Etym: [All + anerly singly, fr. ane one.] Defn: Solely; only. [Scot.] Sir W. Scott.


ALLER Aller, a. Etym: [For ealra, the AS. gen. pl. of eal all.] Defn: Same as Alder, of all. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ALLERION Al*leri*on, n. Etym: [F. al?rion, LL. alario a sort of eagle; of uncertain origin.] (Her.) Defn: Am eagle without beak or feet, with expanded wings. Burke.


ALLEVIATE Al*levi*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alleviated; p. pr. & vb. n. Alleviating.] Etym: [LL. alleviare, fr. L. ad + levis light. See Alegge, Levity.] 1. To lighten or lessen the force or weight of. [Obs.] Should no others join capable to alleviate the expense. Evelyn. Those large bladders . . . conduce much to the alleviating of the body [of flying birds]. Ray. 2. To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ; -- opposed to aggravate. The calamity of the want of the sense of hearing is much alleviated by giving the use of letters. Bp. Horsley. 3. To extenuate; to palliate. [R.] He alleviates his fault by an excuse. Johnson. Syn. -- To lessen; diminish; soften; mitigate; assuage; abate; relieve; nullify; allay. -- To Alleviate, Mitigate, Assuage, Allay. These words have in common the idea of relief from some painful state; and being all figurative, they differ in their application, according to the image under which this idea is presented. Alleviate supposes a load which is lightened or taken off; as, to alleviate one's cares. Mitigate supposes something fierce which is made mild; as, to mitigate one's anguish. Assuage supposes something violent which is quieted; as, to assuage one's sorrow. Allay supposes something previously excited, but now brought down; as, to allay one's suffering or one's thirst. To alleviate the distresses of life; to mitigate the fierceness of passion or the violence of grief; to assuage angry feeling; to allay wounded sensibility.


ALLEVIATION Al*le`vi*ation, n. Etym: [LL. alleviatio.] 1. The act of alleviating; a lightening of weight or severity; mitigation; relief. 2. That which mitigates, or makes more tolerable. I have not wanted such alleviations of life as friendship could supply. Johnson.


ALLEVIATIVE Al*levi*a*tive, a. Defn: Tending to alleviate. -- n. Defn: That which alleviates.


ALLEVIATOR Al*levi*a`tor, n. Defn: One who, or that which, alleviaties.


ALLEVIATORY Al*levi*a*to*ry, a. Defn: Alleviative. Carlyle.


ALLEY Alley, n.; pl. Alleys. Etym: [OE. aley, alley, OF. al?e, F. all?e, a going, passage, fr. OE. aler, F. aller, to go; of uncertain origin: cf. Prov. anar, It. andare, Sp. andar.] 1. A narrow passage; especially a walk or passage in a garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes; a bordered way. I know each lane and every alley green. Milton. 2. A narrow passage or way in a city, as distinct from a public street. Gay. 3. A passageway between rows of pews in a church. 4. (Persp.) Defn: Any passage having the entrance represented as wider than the exit, so as to give the appearance of length. 5. The space between two rows of compositors' stands in a printing office.


ALLEY Alley, n.; pl. Alleys. Etym: [A contraction of alabaster, of which it was originally made.] Defn: A choice taw or marble. Dickens.


ALLEYED Alleyed, a. Defn: Furnished with alleys; forming an alley. An alleyed walk. Sir W. Scott.


ALLEYWAY Alley*way` n. Defn: An alley.


ALLFOURS All`fours. Etym: [All + four (cards).] Defn: A game at cards, called High, Low, Jack, and the Game.


ALLHALLOND All`hallond, n. Defn: Allhallows. [Obs.] Shak.


ALLHALLOW All`hallow. Defn: The evening before Allhallows. See Halloween.


ALLHALLOW EVE All`hallow eve` (ev`). Defn: The evening before Allhallows. See Halloween.


ALLHALLOW; ALLHALLOWS All`hallow, All`hallows, n. 1. All the saints (in heaven). [Obs.] 2. All Saints' Day, November 1st. [Archaic]


ALLHALLOWMAS All`hallow*mas, n. Defn: The feast of All Saints.


ALLHALLOWN All`hallown, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the time of Allhallows. [Obs.] Allhallown summer. Shak. (i. e., late summer; Indian Summer).


ALLHALLOWTIDE All`hallow*tide`, n. Etym: [AS. tid time.] Defn: The time at or near All Saints, or November 1st.


ALLHEAL Allheal, n. Defn: A name popularly given to the officinal valerian, and to some other plants.


ALLIABLE Al*lia*ble, a. Defn: Able to enter into alliance.


ALLIACEOUS Al`li*aceous, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the genus Allium, or garlic, onions, leeks, etc.; having the smell or taste of garlic or onions.


ALLIANCE Al*liance, n. Etym: [OE. aliaunce, OF. aliance, F. alliance, fr. OF. alier, F. allier. See Ally, and cf. LL. alligantia.] 1. The state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties, etc., especially between families by marriage and states by compact, treaty, or league; as, matrimonial alliances; an alliance between church and state; an alliance between France and England. 2. Any union resembling that of families or states; union by relationship in qualities; affinity. The alliance of the principles of the world with those of the gospel. C. J. Smith. The alliance . . . between logic and metaphysics. Mansel. 3. The persons or parties allied. Udall. Syn. -- Connection; affinity; union; confederacy; confederation; league; coalition.


ALLIANCE Al*liance, v. t. Defn: To connect by alliance; to ally. [Obs.]


ALLIANT Al*liant, n. Etym: [Cf. F. alliant, p. pr.] Defn: An ally; a confederate. [Obs. & R.] Sir H. Wotton.


ALLICE; ALLIS Allice, Allis, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The European shad (Clupea vulgaris); allice shad. See Alose.


ALLICIENCY Al*licien*cy, n. Defn: Attractive power; attractiveness. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.


ALLICIENT Al*licient, a. Etym: [L. alliciens, p. pr. of allicere to allure; ad + lacere to entice.] Defn: That attracts; attracting. -- n. Defn: That attracts. [Rare or Obs.]


ALLIED Al*lied, a. Defn: United; joined; leagued; akin; related. See Ally.


ALLIGATE Al*li*gate, v. t. Etym: [L. alligatus, p. p. of alligare. See Ally.] Defn: To tie; to unite by some tie. Instincts alligated to their nature. Sir M. Hale.


ALLIGATION Al`li*gation, n. Etym: [L. alligatio.] 1. The act of tying together or attaching by some bond, or the state of being attached. [R.] 2. (Arith.) Defn: A rule relating to the solution of questions concerning the compounding or mixing of different ingredients, or ingredients of different qualities or values. Note: The rule is named from the method of connecting together the terms by certain ligature-like signs. Alligation is of two kinds, medial and alternate; medial teaching the method of finding the price or quality of a mixture of several simple ingredients whose prices and qualities are known; alternate, teaching the amount of each of several simple ingredients whose prices or qualities are known, which will be required to make a mixture of given price or quality.


ALLIGATOR Alli*ga`tor, n. Etym: [Sp. el lagarto the lizard (el lagarto de Indias, the cayman or American crocodile), fr. L. lacertus, lacerta, lizard. See Lizard.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large carnivorous reptile of the Crocodile family, peculiar to America. It has a shorter and broader snout than the crocodile, and the large teeth of the lower jaw shut into pits in the upper jaw, which has no marginal notches. Besides the common species of the southern United States, there are allied species in South America. 2. (Mech.) Defn: Any machine with strong jaws, one of which opens like the movable jaw of an alligator; as, (a) (Metal Working) Defn: a form of squeezer for the puddle ball; (b) (Mining) a rock breaker; (c) (Printing) a kind of job press, called also alligator press. Alligator apple (Bot.), the fruit of the Anona palustris, a West Indian tree. It is said to be narcotic in its properties. Loudon. -- Alligator fish (Zo?l.), a marine fish of northwestern America (Podothecus acipenserinus). -- Alligator gar (Zo?l.), one of the gar pikes (Lepidosteus spatula) found in the southern rivers of the United States. The name is also applied to other species of gar pikes. -- Alligator pear (Bot.), a corruption of Avocado pear. See Avocado. -- Alligator snapper, Alligator tortoise, Alligator turtle (Zo?l.), a very large and voracious turtle (Macrochelys lacertina) in habiting the rivers of the southern United States. It sometimes reaches the weight of two hundred pounds. Unlike the common snapping turtle, to which the name is sometimes erroneously applied, it has a scaly head and many small scales beneath the tail. This name is sometimes given to other turtles, as to species of Trionyx. -- Alligator wood, the timber of a tree of the West Indies (Guarea Swartzii).


ALLIGATOR WRENCH Alli*ga`tor wrench. (Mech.) Defn: A kind of pipe wrench having a flaring jaw with teeth on one side.


ALLIGNMENT Al*lignment, n. Defn: See Alignment.

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