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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

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ALE SILVER

ALE SILVER Ale sil`ver. Defn: A duty payable to the lord mayor of London by the sellers of ale within the city.

ALE-KNIGHT

ALE-KNIGHT Ale-knight`, n. Defn: A pot companion. [Obs.]

ALEAK

ALEAK A*leak, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + leak.] Defn: In a leaking condition.

ALEATORY

ALEATORY Ale*a*to*ry, a. Etym: [L. aleatorius, fr. alea chance, die.] (Law) Defn: Depending on some uncertain contingency; as, an aleatory contract. Bouvier.

ALEBENCH

ALEBENCH Alebench`, n. Defn: A bench in or before an alehouse. Bunyan.

ALEBERRY

ALEBERRY Aleber`ry, n. Etym: [OE. alebery, alebrey; ale + bre broth, fr. AS. briw pottage.] Defn: A beverage, formerly made by boiling ale with spice, sugar, and sops of bread. Their aleberries, caudles, possets. Beau. & Fl.

ALECITHAL

ALECITHAL A*leci*thal, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Applied to those ova which segment uniformly, and which have little or no food yelk embedded in their protoplasm. Balfour.

ALECONNER

ALECONNER Alecon`ner, n. Etym: [/Ale + con, OE. cunnen to test, AS. cunnian to test. See Con.] Defn: Orig., an officer appointed to look to the goodness of ale and beer; also, one of the officers chosen by the liverymen of London to inspect the measures used in public houses. But the office is a sinecure. [Also called aletaster.] [Eng.]

ALECOST

ALECOST Alecost`, n. Etym: [Ale + L. costus an aromatic plant: cf. Costmary.] (Bot.) Defn: The plant costmary, which was formerly much used for flavoring ale.

ALECTORIDES

ALECTORIDES Al`ec*tori*des, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of birds including the common fowl and the pheasants.

ALECTOROMACHY

ALECTOROMACHY A*lec`to*roma*chy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Cockfighting.

ALECTOROMANCY

ALECTOROMANCY A*lecto*ro*man`cy, n. Defn: See Alectryomancy.

ALECTRYOMACHY

ALECTRYOMACHY A*lec`try*oma*chy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Cockfighting.

ALECTRYOMANCY

ALECTRYOMANCY A*lectry*o*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy.] Defn: Divination by means of a cock and grains of corn placed on the letters of the alphabet, the letters being put together in the order in which the grains were eaten. Amer. Cyc.

ALEE

ALEE A*lee, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + lee.] (Naut.) Defn: On or toward the lee, or the side away from the wind; the opposite of aweather. The helm of a ship is alee when pressed close to the lee side. Hard alee, or Luff alee, an order to put the helm to the lee side.

ALEGAR

ALEGAR Ale*gar, n. Etym: [Ale + eager sour, F. aigre. Cf. Vinegar.] Defn: Sour ale; vinegar made of ale. Cecil.

ALEGER

ALEGER Ale*ger, a. Etym: [F. all?gre, earlier al?gre, fr. L. alacer.] Defn: Gay; cheerful; sprightly. [Obs.] Bacon.

ALEGGE

ALEGGE A*legge, v. t. Etym: [OE. aleggen, alegen, OF. alegier, F. all?ger, fr. LL. alleviare, for L. allevare to lighten; ad + levis light. Cf. Alleviate, Allay, Allege.] Defn: To allay or alleviate; to lighten. [Obs.] That shall alegge this bitter blast. Spenser.

ALEHOOF

ALEHOOF Alehoof`, n. Etym: [AS. h ground ivy; the first part is perh. a corruption: cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, ground ivy, in old MSS. heyhowe, heyoue, haihoue, halehoue. [Prior]. Defn: Ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma).

ALEHOUSE

ALEHOUSE Alehouse`, n. Defn: A house where ale is retailed; hence, a tippling house. Macaulay.

ALEM

ALEM Alem, n. [Turk. 'alem, fr. Ar. 'alam.] (Mil.) Defn: The imperial standard of the Turkish Empire.

ALEMANNIC

ALEMANNIC Al`e*mannic, a. Defn: Belonging to the Alemanni, a confederacy of warlike German tribes.

ALEMANNIC

ALEMANNIC Al`e*mannic, n. Defn: The language of the Alemanni. The Swabian dialect . . . is known as the Alemannic. Amer. Cyc.

ALEMBIC

ALEMBIC A*lembic, n. Etym: [F. alambic (cf. Sp. alambique), Ar. al-anbiq, fr. Gr. alembic proper. Cf. Limbec.] Defn: An apparatus formerly used in distillation, usually made of glass or metal. It has mostly given place to the retort and worm still. Used also metaphorically. The alembic of a great poet's imagination. Brimley.

ALEMBROTH

ALEMBROTH A*lembroth, n. Etym: [Origin uncertain.] Defn: The salt of wisdom of the alchemists, a double salt composed of the chlorides of ammonium and mercury. It was formerly used as a stimulant. Brande & C.

ALENCON LACE

ALENCON LACE A`len`con lace. Defn: See under Lace.

ALENGTH

ALENGTH A*length, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + length.] Defn: At full length; lenghtwise. Chaucer.

ALEPIDOTE

ALEPIDOTE A*lepi*dote, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Not having scales. -- n. Defn: A fish without scales.

ALEPOLE

ALEPOLE Alepole`, n. Defn: A pole set up as the sign of an alehouse. [Obs.]

ALEPPO BOIL

ALEPPO BOIL; ALEPPO BUTTON; ALEPPO EVIL A*leppo boil, button, or evil. (Med.) Defn: A chronic skin affection terminating in an ulcer, most commonly of the face. It is endemic along the Mediterranean, and is probably due to a specific bacillus. Called also Aleppo ulcer, Biskara boil, Delhi boil, Oriental sore, etc.

ALEPPO GRASS

ALEPPO GRASS Aleppo grass. (Bot.) Defn: One of the cultivated forms of Andropogon Halepensis (syn. Sorghum Halepense). See Andropogon, below.

ALERT

ALERT A*lert, a. Etym: [F. alerte, earlier ? l'erte on the watch, fr. It. all' erta on the watch, prop. (standing) on a height, where one can look around; erta a declivity, steep, erto steep, p. p. of ergere, erigere, to erect, raise, L. erigere. See Erect.] 1. Watchful; vigilant; active in vigilance. 2. Brisk; nimble; moving with celerity. An alert young fellow. Addison. Syn. -- Active; agile; lively; quick; prompt.

ALERT

ALERT A*lert, n. (Mil.) Defn: An alarm from a real or threatened attack; a sudden attack; also, a bugle sound to give warning. We have had an alert. Farrow. On the alert, on the lookout or watch against attack or danger; ready to act.

ALERTLY

ALERTLY A*lertly, adv. Defn: In an alert manner; nimbly.

ALERTNESS

ALERTNESS A*lertness, n. Defn: The quality of being alert or on the alert; briskness; nimbleness; activity.

ALESTAKE

ALESTAKE Alestake, n. Defn: A stake or pole projecting from, or set up before, an alehouse, as a sign; an alepole. At the end was commonly suspended a garland, a bunch of leaves, or a bush. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ALETASTER

ALETASTER Aletast`er, n. Defn: See Aleconner. [Eng.]

ALETHIOLOGY

ALETHIOLOGY A*le`thi*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] Defn: The science which treats of the nature of truth and evidence. Sir W. Hamilton.

ALETHOSCOPE

ALETHOSCOPE A*letho*scope, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An instrument for viewing pictures by means of a lens, so as to present them in their natural proportions and relations.

ALEUROMANCY

ALEUROMANCY A*leuro*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. aleuromancie.] Defn: Divination by means of flour. Encyc. Brit.

ALEUROMETER

ALEUROMETER Al`eu*rome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter.] Defn: An instrument for determining the expansive properties, or quality, of gluten in flour. Knight.

ALEURONAT

ALEURONAT A*leuro*nat, n. [See Aleurone.] Defn: Flour made of aleurone, used as a substitute for ordinary flour in preparing bread for diabetic persons.

ALEURONE

ALEURONE A*leurone, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: An albuminoid substance which occurs in minute grains (protein granules) in maturing seeds and tubers; -- supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.

ALEURONIC

ALEURONIC Al`eu*ronic, a. (Bot.) Defn: Having the nature of aleurone. D. C. Eaton.

ALEUTIAN; ALEUTIC

ALEUTIAN; ALEUTIC A*leutian, A*leutic, a. Etym: [Said to be from the Russ. aleut a bold rock.] Defn: Of or pertaining to a chain of islands between Alaska and Kamtchatka; also, designating these islands.

ALEVIN

ALEVIN Ale*vin, n. Etym: [F. alevin, OF. alever to rear, fr. L. ad + levare to raise.] Defn: Young fish; fry.

ALEW

ALEW A*lew, n. Defn: Halloo. [Obs.] Spenser.

ALEWIFE

ALEWIFE Alewife`, n.; pl. Alewives. Defn: A woman who keeps an alehouse. Gay.

ALEWIFE

ALEWIFE Alewife`, n.; pl. Alewives. Etym: [This word is properly aloof, the Indian name of a fish. See Winthrop on the culture of maize in America, Phil Trans. No. 142, p. 1065, and Baddam's Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 131.]Etym: (Zo?l.) Defn: A North American fish (Clupea vernalis) of the Herring family. It is called also ellwife, ellwhop, branch herring. The name is locally applied to other related species.

ALEXANDERS; ALISANDERS

ALEXANDERS; ALISANDERS Al`ex*anders, Al`i*sanders, n. Etym: [OE. alisaundre, OF. alissandere, fr. Alexander or Alexandria.] (Bot) Defn: A name given to two species of the genus Smyrnium, formerly cultivated and used as celery now is; -- called also horse parsely.

ALEXANDRIAN

ALEXANDRIAN Al`ex*andri*an, a. 1. Of or pertaining to Alexandria in Egypt; as, the Alexandrian library. 2. Applied to a kind of heroic verse. See Alexandrine, n.

ALEXANDRINE

ALEXANDRINE Al`ex*andrine, a. Defn: Belonging to Alexandria; Alexandrian. Bancroft.

ALEXANDRINE

ALEXANDRINE Al`ex*andrine, n. Etym: [F. alexandrin.] Defn: A kind of verse consisting in English of twelve syllables. The needless Alexandrine ends the song, That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along. Pope.

ALEXIA

ALEXIA A*lexi*a, n. [NL.; a- not + Gr. speech, fr. to speak, confused with L. legere to read.] (Med.) (a) As used by some, inability to read aloud, due to brain disease. (b) More commonly, inability, due to brain disease, to understand written or printed symbols although they can be seen, as in case of word blindness.

ALEXIPHARMAC; ALEXIPHARMACAL

ALEXIPHARMAC; ALEXIPHARMACAL A*lex`i*pharmac, A*lex`i*pharma*cal, a. & n. Etym: [See Alexipharmic.] Defn: Alexipharmic. [Obs.]

ALEXIPHARMIC

ALEXIPHARMIC A*lex`i*pharmic, n. (Med.) Defn: An antidote against poison or infection; a counterpoison.

ALEXIPHARMIC; ALEXIPHARMICAL

ALEXIPHARMIC; ALEXIPHARMICAL A*lex`i*pharmic, A*lex`i*pharmic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. alexipharmaque.] (Med.) Defn: Expelling or counteracting poison; antidotal.

ALEXIPYRETIC

ALEXIPYRETIC A*lex`i*py*retic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Serving to drive off fever; antifebrile. -- n. Defn: A febrifuge.

ALEXITERIC

ALEXITERIC A*lex`i*teric, n. Etym: [Gr. alexit?re, LL. alexiterium.] (Med.) Defn: A preservative against contagious and infectious diseases, and the effects of poison in general. Brande & C.

ALEXITERIC; ALEXITERICAL

ALEXITERIC; ALEXITERICAL A*lex`i*teric, A*lex`i*teric*al, a. Etym: [Gr. alexit?re.] (med.) Defn: Resisting poison; obviating the effects of venom; alexipharmic.

ALFA

ALFA ; ALFA GRASS Alfa or Alfa grass, n. Defn: A plant (Macrochloa tenacissima) of North Africa; also, its fiber, used in paper making.

ALFALFA

ALFALFA Al*falfa, n. Etym: [Sp.] (Bot.) Defn: The lucern (Medicago sativa); -- so called in California, Texas, etc.

ALFENIDE

ALFENIDE Alfe*nide, n. (Metal.) Defn: An alloy of nickel and silver electroplated with silver.

ALFERES

ALFERES Al*feres, n. Etym: [Sp., fr. Ar. al-fars knight.] Defn: An ensign; a standard bearer. [Obs.] J. Fletcher.

ALFET

ALFET Alfet, n. Etym: [LL. alfetum, fr. AS. alf?t a pot to boil in; al burning + f?t vat.] Defn: A caldron of boiling water into which an accused person plunged his forearm as a test of innocence or guilt.

ALFILARIA

ALFILARIA Al*fil`a*ria, n. (Bot.) Defn: The pin grass (Erodium cicutarium), a weed in California.

ALFILERIA; ALFILERILLA

ALFILERIA; ALFILERILLA Al*fil`e*ria, Al*fil`e*rilla, n. [Mex. Sp., fr. Sp. alfiler pin.] Defn: Same as Alfilaria.

ALFIONE

ALFIONE Al`fi*one, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: An edible marine fish of California (Rhacochilus toxotes).

ALFORJA

ALFORJA Al*forja, n. [Also alfarga, alforge.] [Sp.] Defn: A saddlebag. [Sp. Amer.]

ALFRESCO

ALFRESCO Al*fresco, adv. & a. Etym: [It. al fresco in or on the fresh.] Defn: In the open-air. Smollett.

ALGA

ALGA Alga, n.; pl. Alg?. Etym: [L., seaweed.] (Bot.) Defn: A kind of seaweed; pl. the class of cellular cryptogamic plants which includes the black, red, and green seaweeds, as kelp, dulse, sea lettuce, also marine and fresh water conferv?, etc.

ALGAL

ALGAL Algal, a., (Bot.) Defn: Pertaining to, or like, alg?.

ALGAROBA

ALGAROBA Al`ga*roba, n. Etym: [Sp. algarroba, fr. Ar. al-kharr. Cf. Carob.] (Bot.) (a) The Carob, a leguminous tree of the Mediterranean region; also, its edible beans or pods, called St. John's bread. (b) The Honey mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), a small tree found from California to Buenos Ayres; also, its sweet, pulpy pods. A valuable gum, resembling gum arabic, is collected from the tree in Texas and Mexico.

ALGAROT; ALGAROTH

ALGAROT; ALGAROTH Alga*rot, Alga*roth, n. Etym: [F. algaroth, fr. the name of the inventor, Algarotti.] (Med.) Defn: A term used for the Powder of Algaroth, a white powder which is a compound of trichloride and trioxide of antimony. It was formerly used in medicine as an emetic, purgative, and diaphoretic.

ALGAROVILLA

ALGAROVILLA Al`ga*ro*villa, n. Defn: The agglutinated seeds and husks of the legumes of a South American tree (Inga Marth?). It is valuable for tanning leather, and as a dye.

ALGATE; ALGATES

ALGATE; ALGATES Algate, Algates, adv. Etym: [All + gate way. The s is an adverbial ending. See Gate.] 1. Always; wholly; everywhere. [Obs.] Ulna now he algates must forego. Spenser. Note: Still used in the north of England in the sense of everywhere. 2. By any or means; at all events. [Obs.] Fairfax. 3. Notwithstanding; yet. [Obs.] Chaucer.

ALGAZEL

ALGAZEL Alga*zel`, n. Etym: [Ar. al the + ghazal.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The true gazelle.

ALGEBRA

ALGEBRA Alge*bra, n. Etym: [LL. algebra, fr. Ar. al-jebr reduction of parts to a whole, or fractions to whole numbers, fr. jabara to bind together, consolidate; al-jebr w'almuqabalah reduction and comparison (by equations): cf. F. alg?bre, It. & Sp. algebra.] 1. (Math.) Defn: That branch of mathematics which treats of the relations and properties of quantity by means of letters and other symbols. It is applicable to those relations that are true of every kind of magnitude. 2. A treatise on this science.

ALGEBRAIC; ALGEBRAICAL

ALGEBRAIC; ALGEBRAICAL Al`ge*braic, Al`ge*braic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to algebra; containing an operation of algebra, or deduced from such operation; as, algebraic characters; algebraical writings. Algebraic curve, a curve such that the equation which expresses the relation between the co?rdinates of its points involves only the ordinary operations of algebra; -- opposed to a transcendental curve.

ALGEBRAICALLY

ALGEBRAICALLY Al`ge*braic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By algebraic process.

ALGEBRAIST

ALGEBRAIST Alge*bra`ist, n. Defn: One versed in algebra.

ALGEBRAIZE

ALGEBRAIZE Alge*bra*ize, v. t. Defn: To perform by algebra; to reduce to algebraic form.

ALGERIAN

ALGERIAN Al*geri*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Algeria. -- n. Defn: A native of Algeria.

ALGERINE

ALGERINE Al`ge*rine, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Algiers or Algeria.

ALGERINE

ALGERINE Al`ge*rine, n. Defn: A native or one of the people of Algiers or Algeria. Also, a pirate.

ALGID

ALGID Algid, a. Etym: [L. algidus cold, fr. algere to be cold: cf. F. algide.] Defn: Cold; chilly. Bailey. Algid cholera (Med.), Asiatic cholera.

ALGIDITY

ALGIDITY Al*gidi*ty, n. Defn: Chilliness; coldness; especially (Med.), Defn: coldness and collapse.

ALGIDNESS

ALGIDNESS Algid*ness, n. Defn: Algidity. [Obs.]

ALGIFIC

ALGIFIC Al*gific, a. Etym: [L. algificus, fr. algus cold + facere to make.] Defn: Producing cold.

ALGIN

ALGIN Algin, n. (Chem.) Defn: A nitrogenous substance resembling gelatin, obtained from certain alg?.

ALGOID

ALGOID Algoid, a. Etym: [L. alga + -oid.] Defn: Of the nature of, or resembling, an alga.

ALGOL

ALGOL Algol, n. Etym: [Ar. al-gh destruction, calamity, fr. ghala to take suddenly, destroy.] (Astron.) Defn: A fixed star, in Medusa's head, in the constellation Perseus, remarkable for its periodic variation in brightness.

ALGOLOGICAL

ALGOLOGICAL Al`go*logic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to algology; as, algological specimens.

ALGOLOGIST

ALGOLOGIST Al*golo*gist, n. Defn: One learned about alg?; a student of algology.

ALGOLOGY

ALGOLOGY Al*golo*gy, n. Etym: [L. alga seaweed + -logy.] (Bot.) Defn: The study or science of alg? or seaweeds.

ALGOMETER

ALGOMETER Al*gome*ter, n. [Gr. pain + -meter.] (Psychol.) Defn: An instrument for measuring sensations of pain due to pressure. It has a piston rod with a blunted tip which is pressed against the skin. -- Al*gome*try (#), n. -- Al`go*metric (#), *metric*al (#), a. --Al`go*metric*al*ly, adv.

ALGONKIAN

ALGONKIAN Al*gonki*an, a. 1. Var. of Algonquian. 2. (Geol.) Pertaining to or designating a period or era recognized by the United States Geological Survey and some other authorities, between the Arch?an and the Paleozoic, from both of which it is generally separated in the record by unconformities. Algonkian rocks are both sedimentary and igneous. Although fossils are rare, life certainly existed in this period. -- n. Defn: The Algonkian period or era, or system or group of systems.

ALGONQUIAN

ALGONQUIAN Al*gonqui*an, a. Defn: Pertaining to or designating the most extensive of the linguistic families of North American Indians, their territory formerly including practically all of Canada east of the 115th meridian and south of Hudson's Bay and the part of the United States east of the Mississippi and north of Tennessee and Virginia, with the exception of the territory occupied by the northern Iroquoian tribes. There are nearly 100,000 Indians of the Algonquian tribes, of which the strongest are the Ojibwas (Chippewas), Ottawas, Crees, Algonquins, Micmacs, and Blackfeet. -- n. Defn: An Algonquian Indian.

ALGONQUIN; ALGONKIN

ALGONQUIN; ALGONKIN Al*gonquin, Al*gonkin, n. Defn: One of a widely spread family of Indians, including many distinct tribes, which formerly occupied most of the northern and eastern part of North America. The name was originally applied to a group of Indian tribes north of the River St. Lawrence.

ALGOR

ALGOR Algor, n. Etym: [L.] (Med.) Defn: Cold; chilliness.

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