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ALE SILVER Ale sil`ver. Defn: A duty payable to the lord mayor of London by the sellers of ale within the city.


ALE-KNIGHT Ale-knight`, n. Defn: A pot companion. [Obs.]


ALEAK A*leak, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + leak.] Defn: In a leaking condition.


ALEATORY Ale*a*to*ry, a. Etym: [L. aleatorius, fr. alea chance, die.] (Law) Defn: Depending on some uncertain contingency; as, an aleatory contract. Bouvier.


ALEBENCH Alebench`, n. Defn: A bench in or before an alehouse. Bunyan.


ALEBERRY Aleber`ry, n. Etym: [OE. alebery, alebrey; ale + bre broth, fr. AS. briw pottage.] Defn: A beverage, formerly made by boiling ale with spice, sugar, and sops of bread. Their aleberries, caudles, possets. Beau. & Fl.


ALECITHAL A*leci*thal, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Applied to those ova which segment uniformly, and which have little or no food yelk embedded in their protoplasm. Balfour.


ALECONNER Alecon`ner, n. Etym: [/Ale + con, OE. cunnen to test, AS. cunnian to test. See Con.] Defn: Orig., an officer appointed to look to the goodness of ale and beer; also, one of the officers chosen by the liverymen of London to inspect the measures used in public houses. But the office is a sinecure. [Also called aletaster.] [Eng.]


ALECOST Alecost`, n. Etym: [Ale + L. costus an aromatic plant: cf. Costmary.] (Bot.) Defn: The plant costmary, which was formerly much used for flavoring ale.


ALECTORIDES Al`ec*tori*des, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of birds including the common fowl and the pheasants.


ALECTOROMACHY A*lec`to*roma*chy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Cockfighting.


ALECTOROMANCY A*lecto*ro*man`cy, n. Defn: See Alectryomancy.


ALECTRYOMACHY A*lec`try*oma*chy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Cockfighting.


ALECTRYOMANCY A*lectry*o*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy.] Defn: Divination by means of a cock and grains of corn placed on the letters of the alphabet, the letters being put together in the order in which the grains were eaten. Amer. Cyc.


ALEE A*lee, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + lee.] (Naut.) Defn: On or toward the lee, or the side away from the wind; the opposite of aweather. The helm of a ship is alee when pressed close to the lee side. Hard alee, or Luff alee, an order to put the helm to the lee side.


ALEGAR Ale*gar, n. Etym: [Ale + eager sour, F. aigre. Cf. Vinegar.] Defn: Sour ale; vinegar made of ale. Cecil.


ALEGER Ale*ger, a. Etym: [F. all?gre, earlier al?gre, fr. L. alacer.] Defn: Gay; cheerful; sprightly. [Obs.] Bacon.


ALEGGE A*legge, v. t. Etym: [OE. aleggen, alegen, OF. alegier, F. all?ger, fr. LL. alleviare, for L. allevare to lighten; ad + levis light. Cf. Alleviate, Allay, Allege.] Defn: To allay or alleviate; to lighten. [Obs.] That shall alegge this bitter blast. Spenser.


ALEHOOF Alehoof`, n. Etym: [AS. h ground ivy; the first part is perh. a corruption: cf. OE. heyhowe hedgehove, ground ivy, in old MSS. heyhowe, heyoue, haihoue, halehoue. [Prior]. Defn: Ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma).


ALEHOUSE Alehouse`, n. Defn: A house where ale is retailed; hence, a tippling house. Macaulay.


ALEM Alem, n. [Turk. 'alem, fr. Ar. 'alam.] (Mil.) Defn: The imperial standard of the Turkish Empire.


ALEMANNIC Al`e*mannic, a. Defn: Belonging to the Alemanni, a confederacy of warlike German tribes.


ALEMANNIC Al`e*mannic, n. Defn: The language of the Alemanni. The Swabian dialect . . . is known as the Alemannic. Amer. Cyc.


ALEMBIC A*lembic, n. Etym: [F. alambic (cf. Sp. alambique), Ar. al-anbiq, fr. Gr. alembic proper. Cf. Limbec.] Defn: An apparatus formerly used in distillation, usually made of glass or metal. It has mostly given place to the retort and worm still. Used also metaphorically. The alembic of a great poet's imagination. Brimley.


ALEMBROTH A*lembroth, n. Etym: [Origin uncertain.] Defn: The salt of wisdom of the alchemists, a double salt composed of the chlorides of ammonium and mercury. It was formerly used as a stimulant. Brande & C.


ALENCON LACE A`len`con lace. Defn: See under Lace.


ALENGTH A*length, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + length.] Defn: At full length; lenghtwise. Chaucer.


ALEPIDOTE A*lepi*dote, a. Etym: [Gr. (Zo?l.) Defn: Not having scales. -- n. Defn: A fish without scales.


ALEPOLE Alepole`, n. Defn: A pole set up as the sign of an alehouse. [Obs.]


ALEPPO BOIL; ALEPPO BUTTON; ALEPPO EVIL A*leppo boil, button, or evil. (Med.) Defn: A chronic skin affection terminating in an ulcer, most commonly of the face. It is endemic along the Mediterranean, and is probably due to a specific bacillus. Called also Aleppo ulcer, Biskara boil, Delhi boil, Oriental sore, etc.


ALEPPO GRASS Aleppo grass. (Bot.) Defn: One of the cultivated forms of Andropogon Halepensis (syn. Sorghum Halepense). See Andropogon, below.


ALERT A*lert, a. Etym: [F. alerte, earlier ? l'erte on the watch, fr. It. all' erta on the watch, prop. (standing) on a height, where one can look around; erta a declivity, steep, erto steep, p. p. of ergere, erigere, to erect, raise, L. erigere. See Erect.] 1. Watchful; vigilant; active in vigilance. 2. Brisk; nimble; moving with celerity. An alert young fellow. Addison. Syn. -- Active; agile; lively; quick; prompt.


ALERT A*lert, n. (Mil.) Defn: An alarm from a real or threatened attack; a sudden attack; also, a bugle sound to give warning. We have had an alert. Farrow. On the alert, on the lookout or watch against attack or danger; ready to act.


ALERTLY A*lertly, adv. Defn: In an alert manner; nimbly.


ALERTNESS A*lertness, n. Defn: The quality of being alert or on the alert; briskness; nimbleness; activity.


ALESTAKE Alestake, n. Defn: A stake or pole projecting from, or set up before, an alehouse, as a sign; an alepole. At the end was commonly suspended a garland, a bunch of leaves, or a bush. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ALETASTER Aletast`er, n. Defn: See Aleconner. [Eng.]


ALETHIOLOGY A*le`thi*olo*gy, n. Etym: [Gr. -logy.] Defn: The science which treats of the nature of truth and evidence. Sir W. Hamilton.


ALETHOSCOPE A*letho*scope, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: An instrument for viewing pictures by means of a lens, so as to present them in their natural proportions and relations.


ALEUROMANCY A*leuro*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. -mancy: cf. F. aleuromancie.] Defn: Divination by means of flour. Encyc. Brit.


ALEUROMETER Al`eu*rome*ter, n. Etym: [Gr. -meter.] Defn: An instrument for determining the expansive properties, or quality, of gluten in flour. Knight.


ALEURONAT A*leuro*nat, n. [See Aleurone.] Defn: Flour made of aleurone, used as a substitute for ordinary flour in preparing bread for diabetic persons.


ALEURONE A*leurone, n. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: An albuminoid substance which occurs in minute grains (protein granules) in maturing seeds and tubers; -- supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.


ALEURONIC Al`eu*ronic, a. (Bot.) Defn: Having the nature of aleurone. D. C. Eaton.


ALEUTIAN; ALEUTIC A*leutian, A*leutic, a. Etym: [Said to be from the Russ. aleut a bold rock.] Defn: Of or pertaining to a chain of islands between Alaska and Kamtchatka; also, designating these islands.


ALEVIN Ale*vin, n. Etym: [F. alevin, OF. alever to rear, fr. L. ad + levare to raise.] Defn: Young fish; fry.


ALEW A*lew, n. Defn: Halloo. [Obs.] Spenser.


ALEWIFE Alewife`, n.; pl. Alewives. Defn: A woman who keeps an alehouse. Gay.


ALEWIFE Alewife`, n.; pl. Alewives. Etym: [This word is properly aloof, the Indian name of a fish. See Winthrop on the culture of maize in America, Phil Trans. No. 142, p. 1065, and Baddam's Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 131.]Etym: (Zo?l.) Defn: A North American fish (Clupea vernalis) of the Herring family. It is called also ellwife, ellwhop, branch herring. The name is locally applied to other related species.


ALEXANDERS; ALISANDERS Al`ex*anders, Al`i*sanders, n. Etym: [OE. alisaundre, OF. alissandere, fr. Alexander or Alexandria.] (Bot) Defn: A name given to two species of the genus Smyrnium, formerly cultivated and used as celery now is; -- called also horse parsely.


ALEXANDRIAN Al`ex*andri*an, a. 1. Of or pertaining to Alexandria in Egypt; as, the Alexandrian library. 2. Applied to a kind of heroic verse. See Alexandrine, n.


ALEXANDRINE Al`ex*andrine, a. Defn: Belonging to Alexandria; Alexandrian. Bancroft.


ALEXANDRINE Al`ex*andrine, n. Etym: [F. alexandrin.] Defn: A kind of verse consisting in English of twelve syllables. The needless Alexandrine ends the song, That, like a wounded snake, drags its slow length along. Pope.


ALEXIA A*lexi*a, n. [NL.; a- not + Gr. speech, fr. to speak, confused with L. legere to read.] (Med.) (a) As used by some, inability to read aloud, due to brain disease. (b) More commonly, inability, due to brain disease, to understand written or printed symbols although they can be seen, as in case of word blindness.


ALEXIPHARMAC; ALEXIPHARMACAL A*lex`i*pharmac, A*lex`i*pharma*cal, a. & n. Etym: [See Alexipharmic.] Defn: Alexipharmic. [Obs.]


ALEXIPHARMIC A*lex`i*pharmic, n. (Med.) Defn: An antidote against poison or infection; a counterpoison.


ALEXIPHARMIC; ALEXIPHARMICAL A*lex`i*pharmic, A*lex`i*pharmic*al, a. Etym: [Gr. alexipharmaque.] (Med.) Defn: Expelling or counteracting poison; antidotal.


ALEXIPYRETIC A*lex`i*py*retic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Serving to drive off fever; antifebrile. -- n. Defn: A febrifuge.


ALEXITERIC A*lex`i*teric, n. Etym: [Gr. alexit?re, LL. alexiterium.] (Med.) Defn: A preservative against contagious and infectious diseases, and the effects of poison in general. Brande & C.


ALEXITERIC; ALEXITERICAL A*lex`i*teric, A*lex`i*teric*al, a. Etym: [Gr. alexit?re.] (med.) Defn: Resisting poison; obviating the effects of venom; alexipharmic.


ALFA ; ALFA GRASS Alfa or Alfa grass, n. Defn: A plant (Macrochloa tenacissima) of North Africa; also, its fiber, used in paper making.


ALFALFA Al*falfa, n. Etym: [Sp.] (Bot.) Defn: The lucern (Medicago sativa); -- so called in California, Texas, etc.


ALFENIDE Alfe*nide, n. (Metal.) Defn: An alloy of nickel and silver electroplated with silver.


ALFERES Al*feres, n. Etym: [Sp., fr. Ar. al-fars knight.] Defn: An ensign; a standard bearer. [Obs.] J. Fletcher.


ALFET Alfet, n. Etym: [LL. alfetum, fr. AS. alf?t a pot to boil in; al burning + f?t vat.] Defn: A caldron of boiling water into which an accused person plunged his forearm as a test of innocence or guilt.


ALFILARIA Al*fil`a*ria, n. (Bot.) Defn: The pin grass (Erodium cicutarium), a weed in California.


ALFILERIA; ALFILERILLA Al*fil`e*ria, Al*fil`e*rilla, n. [Mex. Sp., fr. Sp. alfiler pin.] Defn: Same as Alfilaria.


ALFIONE Al`fi*one, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: An edible marine fish of California (Rhacochilus toxotes).


ALFORJA Al*forja, n. [Also alfarga, alforge.] [Sp.] Defn: A saddlebag. [Sp. Amer.]


ALFRESCO Al*fresco, adv. & a. Etym: [It. al fresco in or on the fresh.] Defn: In the open-air. Smollett.


ALGA Alga, n.; pl. Alg?. Etym: [L., seaweed.] (Bot.) Defn: A kind of seaweed; pl. the class of cellular cryptogamic plants which includes the black, red, and green seaweeds, as kelp, dulse, sea lettuce, also marine and fresh water conferv?, etc.


ALGAL Algal, a., (Bot.) Defn: Pertaining to, or like, alg?.


ALGAROBA Al`ga*roba, n. Etym: [Sp. algarroba, fr. Ar. al-kharr. Cf. Carob.] (Bot.) (a) The Carob, a leguminous tree of the Mediterranean region; also, its edible beans or pods, called St. John's bread. (b) The Honey mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), a small tree found from California to Buenos Ayres; also, its sweet, pulpy pods. A valuable gum, resembling gum arabic, is collected from the tree in Texas and Mexico.


ALGAROT; ALGAROTH Alga*rot, Alga*roth, n. Etym: [F. algaroth, fr. the name of the inventor, Algarotti.] (Med.) Defn: A term used for the Powder of Algaroth, a white powder which is a compound of trichloride and trioxide of antimony. It was formerly used in medicine as an emetic, purgative, and diaphoretic.


ALGAROVILLA Al`ga*ro*villa, n. Defn: The agglutinated seeds and husks of the legumes of a South American tree (Inga Marth?). It is valuable for tanning leather, and as a dye.


ALGATE; ALGATES Algate, Algates, adv. Etym: [All + gate way. The s is an adverbial ending. See Gate.] 1. Always; wholly; everywhere. [Obs.] Ulna now he algates must forego. Spenser. Note: Still used in the north of England in the sense of everywhere. 2. By any or means; at all events. [Obs.] Fairfax. 3. Notwithstanding; yet. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ALGAZEL Alga*zel`, n. Etym: [Ar. al the + ghazal.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The true gazelle.


ALGEBRA Alge*bra, n. Etym: [LL. algebra, fr. Ar. al-jebr reduction of parts to a whole, or fractions to whole numbers, fr. jabara to bind together, consolidate; al-jebr w'almuqabalah reduction and comparison (by equations): cf. F. alg?bre, It. & Sp. algebra.] 1. (Math.) Defn: That branch of mathematics which treats of the relations and properties of quantity by means of letters and other symbols. It is applicable to those relations that are true of every kind of magnitude. 2. A treatise on this science.


ALGEBRAIC; ALGEBRAICAL Al`ge*braic, Al`ge*braic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to algebra; containing an operation of algebra, or deduced from such operation; as, algebraic characters; algebraical writings. Algebraic curve, a curve such that the equation which expresses the relation between the co?rdinates of its points involves only the ordinary operations of algebra; -- opposed to a transcendental curve.


ALGEBRAICALLY Al`ge*braic*al*ly, adv. Defn: By algebraic process.


ALGEBRAIST Alge*bra`ist, n. Defn: One versed in algebra.


ALGEBRAIZE Alge*bra*ize, v. t. Defn: To perform by algebra; to reduce to algebraic form.


ALGERIAN Al*geri*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Algeria. -- n. Defn: A native of Algeria.


ALGERINE Al`ge*rine, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Algiers or Algeria.


ALGERINE Al`ge*rine, n. Defn: A native or one of the people of Algiers or Algeria. Also, a pirate.


ALGID Algid, a. Etym: [L. algidus cold, fr. algere to be cold: cf. F. algide.] Defn: Cold; chilly. Bailey. Algid cholera (Med.), Asiatic cholera.


ALGIDITY Al*gidi*ty, n. Defn: Chilliness; coldness; especially (Med.), Defn: coldness and collapse.


ALGIDNESS Algid*ness, n. Defn: Algidity. [Obs.]


ALGIFIC Al*gific, a. Etym: [L. algificus, fr. algus cold + facere to make.] Defn: Producing cold.


ALGIN Algin, n. (Chem.) Defn: A nitrogenous substance resembling gelatin, obtained from certain alg?.


ALGOID Algoid, a. Etym: [L. alga + -oid.] Defn: Of the nature of, or resembling, an alga.


ALGOL Algol, n. Etym: [Ar. al-gh destruction, calamity, fr. ghala to take suddenly, destroy.] (Astron.) Defn: A fixed star, in Medusa's head, in the constellation Perseus, remarkable for its periodic variation in brightness.


ALGOLOGICAL Al`go*logic*al, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to algology; as, algological specimens.


ALGOLOGIST Al*golo*gist, n. Defn: One learned about alg?; a student of algology.


ALGOLOGY Al*golo*gy, n. Etym: [L. alga seaweed + -logy.] (Bot.) Defn: The study or science of alg? or seaweeds.


ALGOMETER Al*gome*ter, n. [Gr. pain + -meter.] (Psychol.) Defn: An instrument for measuring sensations of pain due to pressure. It has a piston rod with a blunted tip which is pressed against the skin. -- Al*gome*try (#), n. -- Al`go*metric (#), *metric*al (#), a. --Al`go*metric*al*ly, adv.


ALGONKIAN Al*gonki*an, a. 1. Var. of Algonquian. 2. (Geol.) Pertaining to or designating a period or era recognized by the United States Geological Survey and some other authorities, between the Arch?an and the Paleozoic, from both of which it is generally separated in the record by unconformities. Algonkian rocks are both sedimentary and igneous. Although fossils are rare, life certainly existed in this period. -- n. Defn: The Algonkian period or era, or system or group of systems.


ALGONQUIAN Al*gonqui*an, a. Defn: Pertaining to or designating the most extensive of the linguistic families of North American Indians, their territory formerly including practically all of Canada east of the 115th meridian and south of Hudson's Bay and the part of the United States east of the Mississippi and north of Tennessee and Virginia, with the exception of the territory occupied by the northern Iroquoian tribes. There are nearly 100,000 Indians of the Algonquian tribes, of which the strongest are the Ojibwas (Chippewas), Ottawas, Crees, Algonquins, Micmacs, and Blackfeet. -- n. Defn: An Algonquian Indian.


ALGONQUIN; ALGONKIN Al*gonquin, Al*gonkin, n. Defn: One of a widely spread family of Indians, including many distinct tribes, which formerly occupied most of the northern and eastern part of North America. The name was originally applied to a group of Indian tribes north of the River St. Lawrence.


ALGOR Algor, n. Etym: [L.] (Med.) Defn: Cold; chilliness.

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