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AIRMAN Airman, n. Defn: A man who ascends or flies in an aircraft; a flying machine pilot.


AIRMANSHIP Airman*ship, n. Defn: Art, skill, or ability in the practice of a?rial navigation.


AIROL Airol, n. (Pharm.) Defn: A grayish green antiseptic powder, consisting of a basic iodide and gallate of bismuth, sometimes used in place of iodoform. [A Trademark]


AIROMETER Air*ome*ter, n. Etym: [Air + -meter.] Defn: A hollow cylinder to contain air. It is closed above and open below, and has its open end plunged into water.


AIRSICK Air`sick`, a. Defn: Affected with a?rial sickness. -- Airsick`ness, n.


AIRWARD; AIRWARDS Airward, Airwards, adv. Defn: Toward the air; upward. [R.] Keats.


AIRWOMAN Airwom`an, n. Defn: A woman who ascends or flies in an aircraft.


AIRY Airy, a. 1. Consisting of air; as, an airy substance; the airy parts of bodies. 2. Relating or belonging to air; high in air; a?rial; as, an airy flight. The airy region. Milton. 3. Open to a free current of air; exposed to the air; breezy; as, an airy situation. 4. Resembling air; thin; unsubstantial; not material; airlike. An airy spirit. Shak. 5. Relating to the spirit or soul; delicate; graceful; as, airy music. 6. Without reality; having no solid foundation; empty; trifling; visionary. Airy fame. Shak. Empty sound, and airy notions. Roscommon. 7. Light of heart; vivacious; sprightly; flippant; superficial. Merry and airy. Jer. Taylor. 8. Having an affected manner; being in the habit of putting on airs; affectedly grand. [Colloq.] 9. (Paint.) Defn: Having the light and a?rial tints true to nature. Elmes.


AISLE Aisle, n. Etym: [OF. ele, F. aile, wing, wing of a building, L. ala, contr. fr. axilla.] (Arch.) (a) A lateral division of a building, separated from the middle part, called the nave, by a row of columns or piers, which support the roof or an upper wall containing windows, called the clearstory wall. (b) Improperly used also for the have; -- as in the phrases, a church with three aisles, the middle aisle. (c) Also (perhaps from confusion with alley), a passage into which the pews of a church open.


AISLED Aisled, a. Defn: Furnished with an aisle or aisles.


AISLESS Aisless, a. Defn: Without an aisle.


AIT Ait, n. Etym: [AS. ieg, ig, island. See Eyot.] Defn: An islet, or little isle, in a river or lake; an eyot. The ait where the osiers grew. R. Hodges (1649). Among green aits and meadows. Dickens.


AIT Ait, n. Defn: Oat. [Scot.] Burns.


AITCH Aitch, n. Defn: The letter h or H.


AITCHBONE Aitchbone`, n. Etym: [For nachebone. For loss of n, cf. Adder. See Natch.] Defn: The bone of the rump; also, the cut of beef surrounding this bone. [Spelt also edgebone.]


AITIOLOGY Ai`ti*olo*gy, n. Defn: See ?tiology.


AJAR A*jar, adv. Etym: [OE. on char ajar, on the turn; AS. cerr, cyrr, turn, akin to G. kehren to turn, and to D. akerre. See Char.] Defn: Slightly turned or opened; as, the door was standing ajar.


AJAR A*jar, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + jar.] Defn: In a state of discord; out of harmony; as, he is ajar with the world.


AJAVA Aja*va, n. (Bot.) Defn: See Ajouan.


AJOG A*jog, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + jog.] Defn: On the jog.


AJOUAN; AJOWAN Ajou*an Ajow*an, n. [Written also ajwain.] [Prob. native name.] (Bot.) Defn: The fruit of Ammi Copticum, syn. Carum Ajowan, used both as a medicine and as a condiment. An oil containing thymol is extracted from it. Called also Javanee seed, Javanese seed, and ajava.


AJUTAGE Aju*tage, n. Etym: [F. ajutage, for ajoutage, fr. ajouter to add,


AKE Ake, n. & v. Defn: See Ache.


AKENE A*kene, n. (Bot.) Defn: Same as Achene.


AKETON Ake*ton, n. [Obs.] Defn: See Acton.


AKIMBO A*kimbo, a. Etym: [Etymology unknown. Cf. Kimbo.] Defn: With a crook or bend; with the hand on the hip and elbow turned outward. With one arm akimbo. Irving.


AKIN A*kin, a. Etym: [Pref. a- (for of) + kin.] 1. Of the same kin; related by blood; -- used of persons; as, the two families are near akin. 2. Allied by nature; partaking of the same properties; of the same kind. A joy akin to rapture. Cowper. The literary character of the work is akin to its moral character. Jeffrey. Note: This adjective is used only after the noun.


AKINESIA Ak`i*nesi*a, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Paralysis of the motor nerves; loss of movement. Foster.


AKINESIC Ak`i*nesic, a. (med.) Defn: Pertaining to akinesia.


AKNEE A*knee, adv. Defn: On the knee. [R.] Southey.


AKNOW Ak*now. Defn: Earlier form of Acknow. [Obs.] To be aknow, to acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.]


AL Al, a. Defn: All. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AL- Al-. A prefix. (a) Etym: [AS. eal.] Defn: All; wholly; completely; as, almighty,almost. (b) Etym: [L. ad.] Defn: To; at; on; -- in OF. shortened to a-. See Ad-. (c) The Arabic definite article answering to the English the; as, Alkoran, the Koran or the Book; alchemy, the chemistry.


AL Al. conj. Defn: Although; if. [Obs.] See All, conj.


AL SEGNO Al` segno. Etym: [It., to the mark or sign.](Mus.) Defn: A direction for the performer to return and recommence from the sign


AL-PHITOMANCY Al-phito*man`cy, n. Etym: [Gr. mancy: cf. F. alphitomancie.] Defn: Divination by means of barley meal. Knowles.


ALA Ala, n.; pl. Al?. Etym: [L., a wing.] (Biol.) Defn: A winglike organ, or part.


ALABAMA PERIOD Al`a*bama peri*od. (Geol.) Defn: A period in the American eocene, the lowest in the tertiary age except the lignitic.


ALABASTER Ala*baster, n. Etym: [L. alabaster, Gr. Alabastron, the name of a town in Egypt, near which it was common: cf. OF. alabastre, F. alb?tre.] 1. (Min.) (a) A compact variety or sulphate of lime, or gypsum, of fine texture, and usually white and translucent, but sometimes yellow, red, or gray. It is carved into vases, mantel ornaments, etc. (b) A hard, compact variety of carbonate of lime, somewhat translucent, or of banded shades of color; stalagmite. The name is used in this sense by Pliny. It is sometimes distinguished as oriental alabaster. 2. A box or vessel for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.; -- so called from the stone of which it was originally made. Fosbroke.


ALABASTRIAN Al`a*bastri*an, a. Defn: Alabastrine.


ALABASTRINE Al`a*bastrine, a. Defn: Of, pertaining to, or like, alabaster; as alabastrine limbs.


ALABASTRUM Al`a*bastrum, n.; pl. Alabastra. Etym: [NL.] (Bot.) Defn: A flower bud. Gray.


ALACK A*lack, interj. Etym: [Prob. from ah! lack! OE. lak loss, failure, misfortune. See Lack.] Defn: An exclamation expressive of sorrow. [Archaic. or Poet.] Shak.


ALACKADAY A*lacka*day`, interj. Etym: [For alack the day. Cf. Lackaday.] Defn: An exclamation expressing sorrow. Note: Shakespeare has alack the day and alack the heavy day. Compare woe worth the day.


ALACRIFY A*lacri*fy, v. t. Etym: [L. alacer, alacris, lively + -fly.] Defn: To rouse to action; to inspirit.


ALACRIOUS A*lacri*ous, a. Etym: [L. alacer, alacris.] Defn: Brisk; joyously active; lively. 'T were well if we were a little more alacrious. Hammond.


ALACRIOUSLY A*lacri*ous*ly, adv. Defn: With alacrity; briskly.


ALACRIOUSNESS A*lacri*ous*ness, n. Defn: Alacrity. [Obs.] Hammond.


ALACRITY A*lacri*ty, n. Etym: [L. alacritas, fr. alacer lively, eager, prob. akin to Gr. aljan zeal.] Defn: A cheerful readiness, willingness, or promptitude; joyous activity; briskness; sprightliness; as, the soldiers advanced with alacrity to meet the enemy. I have not that alacrity of spirit, Nor cheer of mind that I was wont to have. Shak.


ALADINIST A*ladin*ist, n. Etym: [From Aladin, for Ala Eddin, i. e., height of religion, a learned divine under Mohammed II. and Bajazet II.] Defn: One of a sect of freethinkers among the Mohammedans.


ALALIA A*lali*a, n. [NL., fr. Gr. priv. + a talking; cf. speechless.] (Med.) Defn: Inability to utter articulate sounds, due either to paralysis of the larynx or to that form of aphasia, called motor, or ataxis, aphasia, due to loss of control of the muscles of speech.


ALALONGA; ALILONGHI Al`a*longa, or Al`i*longhi, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The tunny. See Albicore.


ALAMIRE A`la*mire, n. Etym: [Compounded of a la mi re, names of notes in the musical scale.] Defn: The lowest note but one in Guido Aretino's scale of music.


ALAMODALITY Al`a*mo*dali*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being ? la mode; conformity to the mode or fashion; fashionableness. [R.] Southey.


ALAMODE Ala*mode`, adv. & a. Etym: [F. ? la mode after the fashion.] Defn: According to the fashion or prevailing mode. Alamode beef shops. Macaulay.


ALAMODE Ala*mode`, n. Defn: A thin, black silk for hoods, scarfs, etc.; -- often called simply mode. Buchanan.


ALAMORT Al`a*mort, a. Etym: [F. ? la mort to the death. Cf. Amort.] Defn: To the death; mortally.


ALAN A*lan, n. Etym: [OF. alan, alant; cf. Sp. alano.] Defn: A wolfhound. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ALAND A*land, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + land.] Defn: On land; to the land; ashore. Cast aland. Sir P. Sidney.


ALANINE Ala*nine, n. Etym: [Aldehyde + the ending -ine. The -n- is a euphonic insertion.] (Chem.) Defn: A white crystalline base, C3H7NO2, derived from aldehyde ammonia.


ALANTIN A*lantin, n. Etym: [G. alant elecampane, the Inula helenium of Linn?us.] (Chem.) Defn: See Inulin.


ALAR Alar, a. Etym: [L. alarius, fr. ala wing: cf. F. alaire.] 1. Pertaining to, or having, wings. 2. (Bot.) Defn: Axillary; in the fork or axil. Gray.


ALARM A*larm, n. Etym: [F. alarme, It. all' arme to arms ! fr. L. arma, pl., arms. See Arms, and cf. Alarum.] 1. A summons to arms, as on the approach of an enemy. Arming to answer in a night alarm. Shak. 2. Any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger; a warming sound to arouse attention; a warning of danger. Sound an alarm in my holy mountain. Joel ii. 1. 3. A sudden attack; disturbance; broil. [R.] These home alarms. Shak. Thy palace fill with insults and alarms. Pope. 4. Sudden surprise with fear or terror excited by apprehension of danger; in the military use, commonly, sudden apprehension of being attacked by surprise. Alarm and resentment spread throughout the camp. Macaulay. 5. A mechanical contrivance for awaking persons from sleep, or rousing their attention; an alarum. Alarm bell, a bell that gives notice on danger. -- Alarm clock or watch, a clock or watch which can be so set as to ring or strike loudly at a prearranged hour, to wake from sleep, or excite attention. -- Alarm gauge, a contrivance attached to a steam boiler for showing when the pressure of steam is too high, or the water in the boiler too low. -- Alarm post, a place to which troops are to repair in case of an alarm. Syn. -- Fright; affright; terror; trepidation; apprehension; consternation; dismay; agitation; disquiet; disquietude. -- Alarm, Fright, Terror, Consternation. These words express different degrees of fear at the approach of danger. Fright is fear suddenly excited, producing confusion of the senses, and hence it is unreflecting. Alarm is the hurried agitation of feeling which springs from a sense of immediate and extreme exposure. Terror is agitating and excessive fear, which usually benumbs the faculties. Consternation is overwhelming fear, and carries a notion of powerlessness and amazement. Alarm agitates the feelings; terror disorders the understanding and affects the will; fright seizes on and confuses the sense; consternation takes possession of the soul, and subdues its faculties. See Apprehension.


ALARM A*larm, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Alarmed; p. pr. & vb. n. Alarming.] Etym: [Alarm, n. Cf. F. alarmer.] 1. To call to arms for defense; to give notice to (any one) of approaching danger; to rouse to vigilance and action; to put on the alert. 2. To keep in excitement; to disturb. 3. To surprise with apprehension of danger; to fill with anxiety in regard to threatening evil; to excite with sudden fear. Alarmed by rumors of military preparation. Macaulay.


ALARMABLE A*larma*ble, a. Defn: Easily alarmed or disturbed.


ALARMED A*larmed, a. Defn: Aroused to vigilance; excited by fear of approaching danger; agitated; disturbed; as, an alarmed neighborhood; an alarmed modesty. The white pavilions rose and fell On the alarmed air. Longfellow.


ALARMEDLY A*larmed*ly, adv. Defn: In an alarmed manner.


ALARMING A*larming, a. Defn: Exciting, or calculated to excite, alarm; causing apprehension of danger; as, an alarming crisis or report. -- A*larming*ly, adv.


ALARMIST A*larmist, n. Etym: [Cf. F. alarmiste.] Defn: One prone to sound or excite alarms, especially, needless alarms. Macaulay.


ALARUM A*larum, n. Etym: [OE. alarom, the same word as alarm, n.] Defn: See Alarm. [Now Poetic] Note: The variant form alarum is now commonly restricted to an alarm signal or the mechanism to sound an alarm (as in an alarm clock.)


ALARY Ala*ry, a. Etym: [L. alarius, fr. ala wing.] Defn: Of or pertaining to wings; also, wing-shaped. The alary system of insects. Wollaston.


ALAS A*las, interj. Etym: [OE. alas, allas, OF. alas, F. h?las; a interj. (L. ah.) + las wretched (that I am), L. lassus weary, akin to E. late. See Late.] Defn: An exclamation expressive of sorrow, pity, or apprehension of evil; -- in old writers, sometimes followed by day or white; alas the day, like alack a day, or alas the white.


ALATE A*late, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + late.] Defn: Lately; of late. [Archaic] There hath been alate such tales spread abroad. Latimer.


ALATE; ALATED Alate, Ala*ted, a. Etym: [L. alatus, from ala wing.] Defn: Winged; having wings, or side appendages like wings.


ALATERN; ALATERNUS Ala*tern, Al`a*ternus, n. Etym: [L. ala wing + terni three each.] (Bot.) Defn: An ornamental evergreen shrub (Rhamnus alaternus) belonging to the buckthorns.


ALATION A*lation, n. Etym: [F., fr. L. alatus winged.] Defn: The state of being winged.


ALAUNT A*launt, n. Defn: See Alan. [Obs.] Chaucer.


ALB Alb, n. Etym: [OE. albe, LL. alba, fr. L. albus white. Cf. Album and Aube.] Defn: A vestment of white linen, reaching to the feet, an enveloping the person; -- in the Roman Catholic church, worn by those in holy orders when officiating at mass. It was formerly worn, at least by clerics, in daily life.


ALB SUNDAY Alb Sunday. (Eccl.) Defn: The first Sunday after Easter Sunday, properly Albless Sunday, because in the early church those who had been baptized on Easter eve laid aside on the following Saturday their white albs which had been put on after baptism.


ALBACORE Alba*core, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: See Albicore.


ALBAN Alban, n. Etym: [L. albus white.] (Chem.) Defn: A white crystalline resinous substance extracted from gutta- percha by the action of alcohol or ether.


ALBANIAN Al*bani*an, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Albania, a province of Turkey. -- n. Defn: A native of Albania.


ALBATA Al*bata, n. Etym: [L. albatus, p. p. of albare to make white, fr. albus white.] Defn: A white metallic alloy; which is made into spoons, forks, teapots, etc. British plate or German silver. See German silver, under German.


ALBATROSS Alba*tross, n. Etym: [Corrupt. fr. Pg. alcatraz cormorant, albatross, or Sp. alcatraz a pelican: cf. Pg. alcatruz, Sp. arcaduz, a bucket, fr. Ar. al-qadus the bucket, fr. Gr. ka`dos, a water vessel. So an Arabic term for pelican is water-carrier, as a bird carrying water in its pouch.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A web-footed bird, of the genus Diomedea, of which there are several species. They are the largest of sea birds, capable of long- continued flight, and are often seen at great distances from the land. They are found chiefly in the southern hemisphere.


ALBE; ALBEE Al`be, Al`bee, conj. Etym: [See Albeit.] Defn: Although; albeit. [Obs.] Albe Clarissa were their chiefest founderess. Spenser.


ALBEDO Al*bedo, n. Etym: [L., fr. albus white.] Defn: Whiteness. Specifically: (Astron.) The ratio which the light reflected from an unpolished surface bears to the total light falling upon that surface.


ALBEIT Al`beit, conj. Etym: [OE. al be although it be, where al is our all. Cf. Although.] Defn: Even though; although; notwithstanding. Chaucer. Albeit so masked, Madam, I love the truth. Tennyson.


ALBERT WARE Albert ware. Defn: A soft ornamental terra-cotta pottery, sold in the biscuit state for decorating.


ALBERTITE Albert*ite, n. (Min.) Defn: A bituminous mineral resembling asphaltum, found in the county of A.


ALBERTYPE Alber*type, n. Etym: [From the name of the inventor, Albert, of Munich.] Defn: A picture printed from a kind of gelatine plate produced by means of a photographic negative.


ALBESCENCE Al*bescence, n. Defn: The act of becoming white; whitishness.


ALBESCENT Al*bescent, a. Etym: [L. albescens, p. pr. of albescere to grow white, fr. albus white.] Defn: Becoming white or whitish; moderately white.


ALBICANT Albi*cant, a. Etym: [L. albicans, p. pr. of albicare, albicatum, to be white, fr. albus white.] Defn: Growing or becoming white.


ALBICATION Al`bi*cation, n. Defn: The process of becoming white, or developing white patches, or streaks.


ALBICORE Albi*core, n. Etym: [F. albicore (cf. Sp. albacora, Pg. albacor, albacora, albecora), fr. Ar. bakr, bekr, a young camel, young cow, heifer, and the article al: cf. Pg. bacoro a little pig.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A name applied to several large fishes of the Mackerel family, esp. Orcynus alalonga. One species (Orcynus thynnus), common in the Mediterranean and Atlantic, is called in New England the horse mackerel; the tunny. [Written also albacore.]


ALBIFICATION Al`bi*fi*cation, n. Etym: [Cf. F. albification: L. albus white + ficare (only in comp.), facere, to make.] Defn: The act or process of making white. [Obs.]


ALBIGENSES; ALBIGEOIS Al`bi*genses, Al`bi`geois, n. pl. Etym: [From Albi and Albigeois, a town and its district in the south of France, in which the sect abounded.] (Eccl. Hist.) Defn: A sect of reformers opposed to the church of Rome in the 12th centuries. Note: The Albigenses were a branch of the Catharists (the pure). They were exterminated by crusades and the Inquisition. They were distinct from the Waldenses.


ALBIGENSIAN Al`bi*gensian, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to the Albigenses.


ALBINESS Al*biness, n. Defn: A female albino. Holmes.


ALBINISM Albi*nism, n. Defn: The state or condition of being an albino: abinoism; leucopathy.

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