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AGUE Ague, n. Etym: [OE. agu, ague, OF. agu, F. aigu, sharp, OF. fem. ague, LL. (febris) acuta, a sharp, acute fever, fr. L. acutus sharp. See Acute.] 1. An acute fever. [Obs.] Brenning agues. P. Plowman. 2. (Med.) Defn: An intermittent fever, attended by alternate cold and hot fits. 3. The cold fit or rigor of the intermittent fever; as, fever and ague. 4. A chill, or state of shaking, as with cold. Dryden. Ague cake, an enlargement of the spleen produced by ague. -- Ague drop, a solution of the arsenite of potassa used for ague. -- Ague fit, a fit of the ague. Shak. -- Ague spell, a spell or charm against ague. Gay. -- Ague tree, the sassafras, -- sometimes so called from the use of its root formerly, in cases of ague. [Obs.]


AGUE Ague, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Agued.] Defn: To strike with an ague, or with a cold fit. Heywood.


AGUILT A*guilt, v. t. Defn: To be guilty of; to offend; to sin against; to wrong. [Obs.] Chaucer.


AGUISE A*guise, n. Defn: Dress. [Obs.] Dr. H. More.


AGUISE A*guise, v. t. Etym: [Pref a- + guise.] Defn: To dress; to attire; to adorn. [Obs.] Above all knights ye goodly seem aguised. Spenser.


AGUISH Agu*ish, a. 1. Having the qualities of an ague; somewhat cold or shivering; chilly; shaky. Her aguish love now glows and burns. Granville. 2. Productive of, or affected by, ague; as, the aguish districts of England. T. Arnold. Agu*ish*ness, n.


AGUSH A*gush, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + gush.] Defn: In a gushing state. Hawthorne.


AGYNOUS Agy*nous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Bot.) Defn: Without female organs; male.


AH Ah, interj. Etym: [OE. a: cf. OF. a, F. ah, L. ah, Gr. a, Icel. ?,


AHA A*ha, interj. Etym: [Ah, interj. + ha.] Defn: An exclamation expressing, by different intonations, triumph, mixed with derision or irony, or simple surprise.


AHA A*ha, n. Defn: A sunk fence. See Ha-ha. Mason.


AHEAD A*head, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + head.] 1. In or to the front; in advance; onward. The island bore but a little ahead of us. Fielding. 2. Headlong; without restraint. [Obs.] L'Estrange. To go ahead. (a) To go in advance. (b) To go on onward. (c) To push on in an enterprise. [Colloq] -- To get ahead of. (a) To get in advance of. (b) To surpass; to get the better of. [Colloq.]


AHEAP A*heap, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + heap.] Defn: In a heap; huddled together. Hood.


AHEIGHT A*height, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + height.] Defn: Aloft; on high. [Obs.] Look up aheight. Shak.


AHEM A*hem, interj. Defn: An exclamation to call one's attention; hem.


AHEY A*hey, interj. Defn: Hey; ho.


AHIGH A*high, adv. Defn: On high. [Obs.] Shak.


AHOLD A*hold, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + hold.] Defn: Near the wind; as, to lay a ship ahold. [Obs.] Shak.


AHORSEBACK A*horseback, adv. Defn: On horseback. Two suspicious fellows ahorseback. Smollet.


AHOY A*hoy, interj. Etym: [OE. a, interj. + hoy.] (Naut.) Defn: A term used in hailing; as, Ship ahoy.


AHRIMAN Ahri*man, n. Etym: [Per.] Defn: The Evil Principle or Being of the ancient Persians; the Prince of Darkness as opposer to Ormuzd, the King of Light.


AHU Ahu, n. Etym: [Native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The Asiatic gazelle.


AHULL A*hull, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + hull.] (Naut.) Defn: With the sails furled, and the helm lashed alee; -- applied to ships in a storm. See Hull, n.


AHUNGERED A*hungered, a. Etym: [Pref. a- + hungered.] Defn: Pinched with hunger; very hungry. C. Bront?.


AI Ai, n.; pl. Ais. Etym: [Braz. a?, ha?, from the animal's cry: cf. F. a?.] (Zo?l.) Defn: The three-toed sloth (Bradypus tridactylus) of South America. See Sloth.


AIBLINS; ABLINS Aiblins, Ablins, adv. Etym: [See Able.] Defn: Perhaps; possibly. [Scotch] Burns.


AICH'S METAL Aich's metal. Defn: A kind of gun metal, containing copper, zinc, and iron, but no tin.


AID Aid, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aided; p. pr. & vb. n. Aiding.] Etym: [F. aider, OF. aidier, fr. L. adjutare to help, freq. of adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help. Cf. Adjutant.] Defn: To support, either by furnishing strength or means in co?peration to effect a purpose, or to prevent or to remove evil; to help; to assist. You speedy helpers . . . Appear and aid me in this enterprise. Shak. Syn. -- To help; assist; support; sustain; succor; relieve; befriend; co?perate; promote. See Help.


AID Aid, n. Etym: [F. aide, OF. a?de, a?e, fr. the verb. See Aid, v. t.] 1. Help; succor; assistance; relief. An unconstitutional mode of obtaining aid. Hallam. 2. The person or thing that promotes or helps in something done; a helper; an assistant. It is not good that man should be alone; let us make unto him an aid like unto himself. Tobit viii. 6. 3. (Eng. Hist.) Defn: A subsidy granted to the king by Parliament; also, an exchequer loan. 4. (Feudal Law) Defn: A pecuniary tribute paid by a vassal to his lord on special occasions. Blackstone. 5. An aid-de-camp, so called by abbreviation; as, a general's aid. Aid prayer (Law), a proceeding by which a defendant beseeches and claims assistance from some one who has a further or more permanent interest in the matter in suit. -- To pray in aid, to beseech and claim such assistance.


AID-DE-CAMP Aid-de-camp`, n.; pl. Aids-de-camp.. Etym: [F. aide de camp (literally) camp assistant.] (Mil.) Defn: An officer selected by a general to carry orders, also to assist or represent him in correspondence and in directing movements.


AID-MAJOR Aid-ma`jor, n. Defn: The adjutant of a regiment.


AIDANCE Aidance, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. aidance.] Defn: Aid. [R.] Aidance 'gainst the enemy. Shak.


AIDANT Aidant, a. Etym: [Cf. F. aidant, p. pr. of aider to help.] Defn: Helping; helpful; supplying aid. Shak.


AIDER Aider, n. Defn: One who, or that which, aids.


AIDFUL Aidful, a. Defn: Helpful. [Archaic.] Bp. Hall.


AIDLESS Aidless, a. Defn: Helpless; without aid. Milton.


AIEL Aiel, n. Defn: See Ayle. [Obs.]


AIGLET Aiglet, n. Defn: Same as Aglet.


AIGRE Aigre, a. Etym: [F. See Eager.] Defn: Sour. [Obs.] Shak.


AIGREMORE Aigre*more, n. Etym: [F. origin unknown.] Defn: Charcoal prepared for making powder.


AIGRET; AIGRETTE Aigret, Ai*grette, n. Etym: [F., a sort of white heron, with a tuft of feathers on its head; a tuft of feathers; dim. of the same word as heron. See Heron, and cf. Egret, Egrette.] 1. (Zo?l.) Defn: The small white European heron. See Egret. 2. A plume or tuft for the head composed of feathers, or of gems, etc. Prescott. 3. A tuft like that of the egret. (Bot.) Defn: A feathery crown of seed; egret; as, the aigrette or down of the dandelion or the thistle.


AIGUILLE Ai`guille, n. Etym: [F., a needle. See Aglet.] 1. A needle-shaped peak. 2. An instrument for boring holes, used in blasting.


AIGUILLETTE Ai`guil*lette, n. Etym: [F. See Aglet.] 1. A point or tag at the end of a fringe or lace; an aglet. 2. One of the ornamental tags, cords, or loops on some military and naval uniforms.


AIGULET Aigu*let, n. Defn: See Aglet. Spenser.


AIL Ail, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ailed; p. pr. & vb. n. Ailing.] Etym: [OE. eilen, ailen, AS. eglan to trouble, pain; akin to Goth. us-agljan to distress, agls troublesome, irksome, aglo, aglitha, pain, and prob. to E. awe. Defn: To affect with pain or uneasiness, either physical or mental; to trouble; to be the matter with; -- used to express some uneasiness or affection, whose cause is unknown; as, what ails the man I know not what ails him. What aileth thee, Hagar Gen. xxi. 17. Note: It is never used to express a specific disease. We do not say, a fever ails him; but, something ails him.


AIL Ail, v. i. Defn: To be affected with pain or uneasiness of any sort; to be ill or indisposed or in trouble. When he ails ever so little . . . he is so peevish. Richardson.


AIL Ail, n. Defn: Indisposition or morbid affection. Pope.


AILANTHUS Ai*lanthus, n. Defn: Same as Ailantus.


AILANTUS Ai*lantus, n. Etym: [From aylanto, i. e., tree of heaven, the name of the tree in the Moluccas.] (Bot.) Defn: A genus of beautiful trees, natives of the East Indies. The tree imperfectly di


AILERON Aile*ron, n. [F., dim. of aile wing.] 1. Defn: A half gable, as at the end of a penthouse or of the aisle of a church. 2. (A?ronautics) A small plane or surface capable of being manipulated by the pilot of a flying machine to preserve or destroy lateral balance; a hinged wing tip; a lateral stabilizing or balancing plane.


AILETTE Ai*lette, n. Etym: [F. ailette, dim. of aile wing, L. ala.] Defn: A small square shield, formerly worn on the shoulders of knights, -- being the prototype of the modern epaulet. Fairholt.


AILMENT Ailment, n. Defn: Indisposition; morbid affection of the body; -- not applied ordinarily to acute diseases. Little ailments. Landsdowne.


AILUROIDEA Ai`lu*roide*a, n. pl. Etym: [NL., fr. Gr. -oid.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A group of the Carnivora, which includes the cats, civets, and hyenas.


AIM Aim, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Aimed; p. pr. & vb. n. Aiming.] Etym: [OE. amen, aimen, eimen, to guess at, to estimate, to aim, OF. esmer, asmer, fr. L. aestimare to estimate; or perh. fr. OF. aesmer; ad) + esmer. See Estimate.] 1. To point or direct a missile weapon, or a weapon which propels as missile, towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it; as, to aim at a fox, or at a target. 2. To direct the indention or purpose; to attempt the accomplishment of a purpose; to try to gain; to endeavor; -- followed by at, or by an infinitive; as, to aim at distinction; to aim to do well. Aim'st thou at princes Pope. 3. To guess or conjecture. [Obs.] Shak.


AIM Aim, v. t. Defn: To direct or point, as a weapon, at a particular object; to direct, as a missile, an act, or a proceeding, at, to, or against an object; as, to aim a musket or an arrow, the fist or a blow (at something); to aim a satire or a reflection (at some person or vice).


AIM Aim, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. esme estimation, fr. esmer. See Aim, v. i.] 1. The pointing of a weapon, as a gun, a dart, or an arrow, in the line of direction with the object intended to be struck; the line of fire; the direction of anything, as a spear, a blow, a discourse, a remark, towards a particular point or object, with a view to strike or affect it. Each at the head leveled his deadly aim. Milton. 2. The point intended to be hit, or object intended to be attained or affected. To be the aim of every dangerous shot. Shak. 3. Intention; purpose; design; scheme. How oft ambitious aims are crossed! Pope. 4. Conjecture; guess. [Obs.] What you would work me to, I have some aim. Shak. To cry aim (Archery), to encourage. [Obs.] Shak. Syn. -- End; object; scope; drift; design; purpose; intention; scheme; tendency; aspiration.


AIMER Aimer, n. Defn: One who aims, directs, or points.


AIMLESS Aimless, a. Defn: Without aim or purpose; as, an aimless life. -- Aimless*ly, adv. -- Aimless*ness, n.


AIN'T Ain't. Defn: A contraction for are not and am not; also used for is not. [Colloq. or llliterate speech]. See An't.


AINO Aino, n. Etym: [Said to be the native name for man.] Defn: One of a peculiar race inhabiting Yesso, the Kooril Islands etc., in the northern part of the empire of Japan, by some supposed to have been the progenitors of the Japanese. The Ainos are stout and short, with hairy bodies.


AIR Air, n. Etym: [OE. air, eir, F. air, L. a?r, fr. Gr. wind. In sense 10 the French has taking a meaning fr. It. aria atmosphere, air, fr. the same Latin word; and in senses 11, 12, 13 the French meaning is either fr. L. aria, or due to confusion with F. aire, in an older sense of origin, descent. Cf. A, Debonair, Malaria, Wind.] 1. The fluid which we breathe, and which surrounds the earth; the atmosphere. It is invisible, inodorous, insipid, transparent, compressible, elastic, and ponderable. Note: By the ancient philosophers, air was regarded as an element; but modern science has shown that it is essentially a mixture of oxygen and nitrogen, with a small amount of carbon dioxide, the average proportions being, by volume: oxygen, 20.96 per cent.; nitrogen, 79.00 per cent.; carbon dioxide, 0.04 per cent. These proportions are subject to a very slight variability. Air also always contains some vapor of water. 2. Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile. Charm ache with air. Shak. He was still all air and fire. Macaulay . [Air and fire being the finer and quicker elements as opposed to earth and water.] 3. A particular state of the atmosphere, as respects heat, cold, moisture, etc., or as affecting the sensations; as, a smoky air, a damp air, the morning air, etc. 4. Any a?riform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly called vital air. [Obs.] 5. Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind. Let vernal airs through trembling osiers play. Pope. 6. Odoriferous or contaminated air. 7. That which surrounds and influences. The keen, the wholesome air of poverty. Wordsworth. 8. Utterance abroad; publicity; vent. You gave it air before me. Dryden. 9. Intelligence; information. [Obs.] Bacon. 10. (Mus.) (a) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical and balanced whole, which may be sung by a single voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody; a tune; an aria. (b) In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs, etc., the part which bears the tune or melody -- in modern harmony usually the upper part -- is sometimes called the air. 11. The peculiar look, appearance, and bearing of a person; mien; demeanor; as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a lofty air. His very air. Shak. 12. Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance; manner; style. It was communicated with the air of a secret. Pope. 12. pl. Defn: An artificial or affected manner; show of pride or vanity; haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he puts on airs. Thackeray. 14. (Paint.) (a) The representation or reproduction of the effect of the atmospheric medium through which every object in nature is viewed. New Am. Cyc. (b) Carriage; attitude; action; movement; as, the head of that portrait has a good air. Fairholt. 15. (Man.) Defn: The artificial motion or carriage of a horse. Note: Air is much used adjectively or as the first part of a compound term. In most cases it might be written indifferently, as a separate limiting word, or as the first element of the compound term, with or without the hyphen; as, air bladder, air-bladder, or airbladder; air cell, air-cell, or aircell; air-pump, or airpump. Air balloon. See Balloon. -- Air bath. (a) An apparatus for the application of air to the body. (b) An arrangement for drying substances in air of any desired temperature. -- Air castle. See Castle in the air, under Castle. -- Air compressor, a machine for compressing air to be used as a motive power. -- Air crossing, a passage for air in a mine. -- Air cushion, an air-tight cushion which can be inflated; also, a device for arresting motion without shock by confined air. -- Air fountain, a contrivance for producing a jet of water by the force of compressed air. -- Air furnace, a furnace which depends on a natural draft and not on blast. -- Air line, a straight line; a bee line. Hence Air-line, adj.; as, air-line road. -- Air lock (Hydr. Engin.), an intermediate chamber between the outer air and the compressed-air chamber of a pneumatic caisson. Knight. -- Air port (Nav.), a scuttle or porthole in a ship to admit air. -- Air spring, a spring in which the elasticity of air is utilized. -- Air thermometer, a form of thermometer in which the contraction and expansion of air is made to measure changes of temperature. -- Air threads, gossamer. -- Air trap, a contrivance for shutting off foul air or gas from drains, sewers, etc.; a stench trap. -- Air trunk, a pipe or shaft for conducting foul or heated air from a room. -- Air valve, a valve to regulate the admission or egress of air; esp. a valve which opens inwardly in a steam boiler and allows air to enter. -- Air way, a passage for a current of air; as the air way of an air pump; an air way in a mine. -- In the air. (a) Prevalent without traceable origin or authority, as rumors. (b) Not in a fixed or stable position; unsettled. (c) (Mil.) Unsupported and liable to be turned or taken in flank; as, the army had its wing in the air. -- To take air, to be divulged; to be made public. -- To take the air, to go abroad; to walk or ride out.


AIR Air, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Aired; p. pr. & vb. n. Airing.] Etym: [See Air, n., and cf. A.] 1. To expose to the air for the purpose of cooling, refreshing, or purifying; to ventilate; as, to air a room. It were good wisdom . . . that the jail were aired. Bacon. Were you but riding forth to air yourself. Shak. 2. To expose for the sake of public notice; to display ostentatiously; as, to air one's opinion. Airing a snowy hand and signet gem. Tennyson. 3. To expose to heat, for the purpose of expelling dampness, or of warming; as, to air linen; to air liquors.


AIR BED Air bed`. Defn: A sack or matters inflated with air, and used as a bed.


AIR BLADDER Air blad`der. 1. (Anat.) Defn: An air sac, sometimes double or variously lobed, in the visceral cavity of many fishes. It originates in the same way as the lungs of air-breathing vertebrates, and in the adult may retain a tubular connection with the pharynx or esophagus. 2. A sac or bladder full of air in an animal or plant; also an air hole in a casting.


AIR BRAKE Air brake`. (Mach.) Defn: A railway brake operated by condensed air. Knight.


AIR BRUSH Air brush. Defn: A kind of atomizer for applying liquid coloring matter in a spray by compressed air.


AIR CELL Air cell`. 1. (Bot.) Defn: A cavity in the cellular tissue of plants, containing air only. 2. (Anat.) Defn: A receptacle of air in various parts of the system; as, a cell or minute cavity in the walls of the air tubes of the lungs; the air sac of birds; a dilatation of the air vessels in insects.


AIR CHAMBER Air cham`ber. 1. A chamber or cavity filled with air, in an animal or plant. 2. A cavity containing air to act as a spring for equalizing the flow of a liquid in a pump or other hydraulic machine.


AIR COCK Air cock`. Defn: A faucet to allow escape of air.


AIR COOLING Air cooling. Defn: In gasoline-engine motor vehicles, the cooling of the cylinder by increasing its radiating surface by means of ribs or radiators, and placing it so that it is exposed to a current of air. Cf. Water cooling. -- Air-cooled`, a.


AIR DRILL Air drill`. Defn: A drill driven by the elastic pressure of condensed air; a pneumatic drill. Knight.


AIR ENGINE Air engine`. Defn: An engine driven by heated or by compressed air. Knight.


AIR GAP Air gap. (Physics) Defn: An air-filled gap in a magnetic or electric circuit; specif., in a dynamo or motor, the space between the field-magnet poles and the armature; clearance.


AIR GAS Air gas`. Defn: See under Gas.


AIR GUN Air gun`. Defn: A kind of gun in which the elastic force of condensed air is used to discharge the ball. The air is powerfully compressed into a reservoir attached to the gun, by a condensing pump, and is controlled by a valve actuated by the trigger.


AIR HOLE Air hole`. 1. A hole to admit or discharge air; specifically, a spot in the ice not frozen over. 2. (Founding) Defn: A fault in a casting, produced by a bubble of air; a blowhole.


AIR JACKET Air jack`et. Defn: A jacket having air-tight cells, or cavities which can be filled with air, to render persons buoyant in swimming.


AIR LEVEL Air lev`el. Defn: Spirit level. See Level.


AIR LINE Air line. Defn: A path through the air made easy for a?rial navigation by steady winds.


AIR PIPE Air pipe`. Defn: A pipe for the passage of air; esp. a ventilating pipe.


AIR PLANT Air plant`. (Bot.) Defn: A plant deriving its sustenance from the air alone; an a?rophyte. Note: The Florida moss (Tillandsia), many tropical orchids, and most mosses and lichens are air plants. Those which are lodged upon trees, but not parasitic on them, are epiphytes.


AIR POISE Air poise`. Etym: [See Poise.] Defn: A


AIR PUMP Air pump`. 1. (Physics) Defn: A kind of pump for exhausting air from a vessel or closed space; also, a pump to condense air of force in into a closed space. 2. (Steam Engines) Defn: A pump used to exhaust from a condenser the condensed steam, the water used for condensing, and any commingled air.


AIR SAC Air sac`. (Anat.) Defn: One of the spaces in different parts. of the bodies of birds, which are filled with air and connected with the air passages of the lungs; an air cell.


AIR SHAFT Air shaft`. Defn: A passage, usually vertical, for admitting fresh air into a mine or a tunnel.


AIR STOVE Air stove`. Defn: A stove for heating a current of air which is directed against its surface by means of pipes, and then distributed through a building.


AIR VESSEL Air ves`sel. Defn: A vessel, cell, duct, or tube containing or conducting air; as the air vessels of insects, birds, plants, etc.; the air vessel of a pump, engine, etc. For the latter, see Air chamber. The air vessels of insects are called trache?, of plants spiral vessels.


AIR-BUILT Air-built`, a. Defn: Erected in the air; having no solid foundation; chimerical; as, an air-built castle.


AIR-DRAWN Air-drawn, a. Defn: Drawn in air; imaginary. This is the air-drawn dagger. Shak.


AIR-SLACKED Air-slacked`, a. Defn: Slacked, or pulverized, by exposure to the air; as, air-slacked lime.


AIR-TIGHT Air-tight`, a. Defn: So tight as to be impermeable to air; as, an air-tight cylinder.


AIR-TIGHT Air-tight`, n. Defn: A stove the draft of which can be almost entirely shut off. [Colloq. U. S.]


AIRCRAFT Aircraft`, n. sing. & pl. Defn: Any device, as a balloon, a?roplane, etc., for floating in, or flying through, the air.


AIRER Airer, n. 1. One who exposes to the air. 2. A frame on which clothes are aired or dried.


AIRILY Airi*ly, adv. Defn: In an airy manner; lightly; gaily; jauntily; fippantly.


AIRINESS Airi*ness, n. 1. The state or quality of being airy; openness or exposure to the air; as, the airiness of a country seat. 2. Lightness of spirits; gayety; levity; as, the airiness of young persons.


AIRING Airing, n. 1. A walk or a ride in the open air; a short excursion for health's sake. 2. An exposure to air, or to a fire, for warming, drying, etc.; as, the airing of linen, or of a room.


AIRLESS Airless, a. Defn: Not open to a free current of air; wanting fresh air, or communication with the open air.


AIRLIKE Airlike`, a. Defn: Resembling air.


AIRLING Airling, n. Defn: A thoughtless, gay person. [Obs.] Slight airlings. B. Jonson.

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