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AFLUSH A*flush, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + flush, n.] Defn: In a flushed or blushing state.


AFLUSH A*flush, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + flush, a.] Defn: On a level. The bank is . . . aflush with the sea. Swinburne.


AFLUTTER A*flutter, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + flutter.] Defn: In a flutter; agitated.


AFOAM A*foam, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + foam.] Defn: In a foaming state; as, the sea is all afoam. A. F. OF L. A. F. of L. (Abbrev.) Defn: American Federation of Labor.


AFOOT A*foot, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + foot.] 1. On foot. We 'll walk afoot a while. Shak. 2. Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress. The matter being afoot. Shak.


AFORE A*fore, adv. Etym: [OE. afore, aforn, AS. onforan or ?tforan; pref. a- + fore.] 1. Before. [Obs.] If he have never drunk wine afore. Shak. 2. (Naut.) Defn: In the fore part of a vessel.


AFORE A*fore, prep. 1. Before (in all its senses). [Archaic] 2. (Naut.) Defn: Before; in front of; farther forward than; as, afore the windlass. Afore the mast, among the common sailors; -- a phrase used to distinguish the ship's crew from the officers.


AFORECITED A*forecit`ed, a. Defn: Named or quoted before.


AFOREGOING A*forego`ing, a. Defn: Going before; foregoing.


AFOREHAND A*forehand` adv. Defn: Beforehand; in anticipation. [Archaic or Dial.] She is come aforehand to anoint my body. Mark xiv. 8.


AFOREHAND A*forehand`, a. Defn: Prepared; previously provided; -- opposed to behindhand. [Archaic or Dial.] Aforehand in all matters of power. Bacon.


AFOREMENTIONED A*foremen`tioned, a. Defn: Previously mentioned; before-mentioned. Addison.


AFORENAMED A*forenamed`, a. Defn: Named before. Peacham.


AFORESAID A*foresaid`, a. Defn: Said before, or in a preceding part; already described or identified.


AFORETHOUGHT A*forethought`, a. Defn: Premeditated; prepense; previously in mind; designed; as, malice aforethought, which is required to constitute murder. Bouvier.


AFORETHOUGHT A*forethought`, n. Defn: Premeditation.


AFORETIME A*foretime`, adv. Defn: In time past; formerly. He prayed . . . as he did aforetime. Dan. vi. 10. A FORTIORI A for`ti*ori. Etym: [L.] (Logic & Math.) Defn: With stronger reason.


AFOUL A*foul, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + foul.] Defn: In collision; entangled. Totten. To run afoul of, to run against or come into collision with, especially so as to become entangled or to cause injury.


AFRAID A*fraid, p. a. Etym: [OE. afrayed, affraide, p. p. of afraien to affray. See Affray, and cf. Afeard.] Defn: Impressed with fear or apprehension; in fear; apprehensive. [Afraid comes after the noun it limits.] Back they recoiled, afraid. Milton. Note: This word expresses a less degree of fear than terrified or frightened. It is followed by of before the object of fear, or by the infinitive, or by a dependent clause; as, to be afraid of death. I am afraid to die. I am afraid he will chastise me. Be not afraid that I your hand should take. Shak. I am afraid is sometimes used colloquially to soften a statement; as, I am afraid I can not help you in this matter. Syn. -- Fearful; timid; timorous; alarmed; anxious.


AFREET Afreet, n. Defn: Same as Afrit.


AFRESH A*fresh, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + fresh.] Defn: Anew; again; once more; newly. They crucify . . . the Son of God afresh. Heb. vi. 6.


AFRIC Afric, a. Defn: African. -- n. Defn: Africa. [Poetic]


AFRICAN Afri*can, a. Etym: [L. Africus, Africanus, fr. Afer African.] Defn: Of or pertaining to Africa. African hemp, a fiber prerared from the leaves of the Sanseviera Guineensis, a plant found in Africa and India. -- African marigold, a tropical American plant (Tagetes erecta). -- African oak or African teak, a timber furnished by Oldfieldia Africana, used in ship building. African violet African-American, a United States citizen of African descent.


AFRICAN Afri*can, n. Defn: A native of Africa; also one ethnologically belonging to an African race.


AFRICANDER Af`ri*cander, n. Defn: One born in Africa, the offspring of a white father and a colored mother. Also, and now commonly in Southern Africa, a native born of European settlers.


AFRICANISM Afri*can*ism, n. Defn: A word, phrase, idiom, or custom peculiar to Africa or Africans. The knotty Africanisms . . . of the fathers. Milton.


AFRICANIZE Afri*can*ize, v. t. Defn: To place under the domination of Africans or negroes. [Amer.] Bartlett.


AFRIT; AFRITE; AFREET Afrit, Afrite(#), Afreet(#), n. Etym: [Arab. 'ifrit.] (Moham. Myth.) Defn: A powerful evil jinnee, demon, or monstrous giant.


AFRONT A*front, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + front.] Defn: In front; face to face. -- prep. In front of. Shak.


AFT Aft, adv. & a. Etym: [AS. ?ftan behind; orig. superl. of of, off. See After.] (Naut.) Defn: Near or towards the stern of a vessel; astern; abaft.


AFTER After, a. Etym: [AS. ?fter after, behind; akin to Goth. aftaro, aftra, backwards, Icel. aptr, Sw. and Dan. efter, OHG. aftar behind, Dutch and LG. achter, Gr. -ter is an old comparative suffix, in E. generally -ther (as in other), and after is a compar. of of, off. Of; cf. Aft.] 1. Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of life. Marshall. Note: In this sense the word is sometimes needlessly combined with the following noun, by means of a hyphen, as, after-ages, after-act, after-days, after-life. For the most part the words are properly kept separate when after has this meaning. 2. Hinder; nearer the rear. (Naut.) Defn: To ward the stern of the ship; -- applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway. Note: It is often combined with its noun; as, after-bowlines, after- braces, after-sails, after-yards, those on the mainmasts and mizzenmasts. After body (Naut.), the part of a ship abaft the dead flat, or middle part.


AFTER After, prep. 1. Behind in place; as, men in line one after another. Shut doors after you. Shak. 2. Below in rank; next to in order. Shak. Codrus after PhDryden. 3. Later in time; subsequent; as, after supper, after three days. It often precedes a clause. Formerly that was interposed between it and the clause. After I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. Matt. xxvi. 32. 4. Subsequent to and in consequence of; as, after what you have said, I shall be careful. 5. Subsequent to and notwithstanding; as, after all our advice, you took that course. 6. Moving toward from behind; following, in search of; in pursuit of. Ye shall not go after other gods. Deut. vi. 14. After whom is the king of Israel come out 1 Sam. xxiv. 14. 7. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to; as, to look after workmen; to inquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness. 8. In imitation of; in conformity with; after the manner of; as, to make a thing after a model; a picture after Rubens; the boy takes after his father. To name or call after, to name like and reference to. Our eldest son was named George after his uncle. Goldsmith. 9. According to; in accordance with; in conformity with the nature of; as, he acted after his kind. He shall not judge after the sight of his eyes. Isa. xi. 3. They that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh. Rom. viii. 5. 10. According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting. [Archaic] He takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and currency, and not after their intrinsic value. Bacon. After all, when everything has been considered; upon the whole. -- After (with the same noun preceding and following), as, wave after wave, day after day, several or many (waves, etc.) successively. -- One after another, successively. -- To be after, to be in pursuit of in order to reach or get; as, he is after money.


AFTER After, adv. Defn: Subsequently in time or place; behind; afterward; as, he follows after. It was about the space of three hours after. Acts. v. 7. Note: After is prefixed to many words, forming compounds, but retaining its usual signification. The prefix may be adverbial, prepositional, or adjectival; as in after- described, after-dinner, after-part. The hyphen is sometimes needlessly used to connect the adjective after with its noun. See Note under After, a., 1.


AFTER DAMP After damp`. Defn: An irrespirable gas, remaining after an explosion of fire damp in mines; choke damp. See Carbonic acid.


AFTER-DINNER After-din`ner(#), n. Defn: The time just after dinner. An after-dinner's sleep. Shak. [Obs.] -- a. Defn: Following dinner; post-prandial; as, an after-dinner nap.


AFTER-EATAGE After-eat`age(#), n. Defn: Aftergrass.


AFTER-GLOW After-glow(#), n. Defn: A glow of refulgence in the western sky after sunset.


AFTER-IMAGE After-im`age(#), n. Defn: The impression of a vivid sensation retained by the retina of the eye after the cause has been removed; also extended to impressions left of tones, smells, etc.


AFTER-MENTIONED After-men`tioned(#), a. Defn: Mentioned afterwards; as, persons after-mentioned (in a writing).


AFTER-NOTE After-note`(#), n. (Mus.) Defn: One of the small notes occur on the unaccented parts of the measure, taking their time from the preceding note.


AFTER-SAILS After-sails`(#), n. pl. (Naut.) Defn: The sails on the mizzenmast, or on the stays between the mainmast and mizzenmast. Totten.


AFTER-WIT After-wit`, n. Defn: Wisdom or perception that comes after it can be of use. After- wit comes too late when the mischief is done. L'Estrange.


AFTER-WITTED After-wit`ted, a. Defn: Characterized by afterwit; slow-witted. Tyndale.


AFTERBIRTH After*birth`, n. (Med.) Defn: The placenta and membranes with which the fetus is connected, and which come away after delivery.


AFTERCAST After*cast`, n. Defn: A throw of dice after the game in ended; hence, anything done too late. Gower.


AFTERCLAP After*clap`, n. Defn: An unexpected subsequent event; something disagreeable happening after an affair is supposed to be at an end. Spenser.


AFTERCROP After*crop`, n. Defn: A second crop or harvest in the same year. Mortimer.


AFTEREYE After*eye`, v. t. Defn: To look after. [Poetic] Shak.


AFTERGAME After*game`, n. Defn: A second game; hence, a subsequent scheme or expedient. Wotton. Aftergame at Irish, an ancient game very nearly resembling backgammon. Beau. & Fl.


AFTERGRASS After*grass`, n. Defn: The grass that grows after the first crop has been mown; aftermath.


AFTERGROWTH After*growth`, n. Defn: A second growth or crop, or (metaphorically) development. J. S. Mill.


AFTERGUARD After*guard`, n. (Naut.) Defn: The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails. Totten.


AFTERINGS After*ings, n. pl. Defn: The last milk drawn in milking; strokings. [Obs.] Grose.


AFTERMATH After*math, n. Etym: [After + math. See Math.] Defn: A second moving; the grass which grows after the first crop of hay in the same season; rowen. Holland.


AFTERMOST After*most, a. superl. Etym: [OE. eftemest, AS. ?ftemest,akin to Gothic aftumist and aftuma, the last, orig. a superlative of of, with the superlative endings -te, -me, -st.] 1. Hindmost; -- opposed to foremost. 2. (Naut.) Defn: Nearest the stern; most aft.


AFTERNOON After*noon, n. Defn: The part of the day which follows noon, between noon and evening.


AFTERPAINS After*pains`, n. pl. (Med.) Defn: The pains which succeed childbirth, as in expelling the afterbirth.


AFTERPIECE After*piece`, n. 1. A piece performed after a play, usually a farce or other small entertainment. 2. (Naut.) Defn: The heel of a rudder.


AFTERSENSATION After*sen*sa`tion, n. (Psychol.) Defn: A sensation or sense impression following the removal of a stimulus producing a primary sensation, and reproducing the primary sensation in positive, negative, or complementary form. The aftersensation may be continuous with the primary sensation or follow it after an interval.


AFTERSHAFT After*shaft`, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: The hypoptilum.


AFTERTASTE After*taste`, n. Defn: A taste which remains in the mouth after eating or drinking.


AFTERTHOUGHT After*thought`, n. Defn: Reflection after an act; later or subsequent thought or expedient.


AFTERWARDS; AFTERWARD After*wards, After*ward, adv. Etym: [AS. ?fteweard, a., behind. See Aft, and -ward (suffix). The final s in afterwards is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending.] Defn: At a later or succeeding time.


AFTERWISE After*wise`, a. Defn: Wise after the event; wise or knowing, when it is too late.


AFTMOST Aftmost, a. (Naut.) Defn: Nearest the stern.


AFTWARD Aftward, adv. (Naut.) Defn: Toward the stern.


AGA; AGHA A*ga or A*gha, n. Etym: [Turk. adha a great lord, chief master.] Defn: In Turkey, a commander or chief officer. It is used also as a title of respect.


AGAIN A*gain, adv. Etym: [OE. agein, agayn, AS. ongegn, onge?n, against, again; on + ge?n, akin to Ger. gegewn against, Icel. gegn. Cf. Gainsay.] 1. In return, back; as, bring us word again. 2. Another time; once more; anew. If a man die, shall he live again Job xiv. 14. 3. Once repeated; -- of quantity; as, as large again, half as much again. 4. In any other place. [Archaic] Bacon. 5. On the other hand. The one is my sovereign . . . the other again is my kinsman. Shak. 6. Moreover; besides; further. Again, it is of great consequence to avoid, etc. Hersche Again and again, more than once; often; repeatedly. -- Now and again, now and then; occasionally. -- To and again, to and fro. [Obs.] De Foe. Note: Again was formerly used in many verbal combinations, as, again- witness, to witness against; again-ride, to ride against; again-come, to come against, to encounter; again-bring, to bring back, etc.


AGAIN; AGAINS A*gain, A*gains, prep. Defn: Against; also, towards (in order to meet). [Obs.] Albeit that it is again his kind. Chaucer.


AGAINBUY A*gainbuy`, v. t. Defn: To redeem. [Obs.] Wyclif.


AGAINSAY A*gainsay`, v. t. Defn: To gainsay. [Obs.] Wyclif.


AGAINST A*gainst, prep. Etym: [OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again.] 1. Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; -- in this sense often preceded by over. Jacob saw the angels of God come against him. Tyndale. 2. From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof. 3. In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to run a race against time. The gate would have been shut against her. Fielding. An argument against the use of steam. Tyndale. 4. By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when. [Archaic or Dial.] Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from Damascus. 2 Kings xvi. 11. Against the sun, in a direction contrary to that in which the sun appears to move.


AGAINSTAND A*gainstand`, v. t. Defn: To withstand. [Obs.]


AGAINWARD A*gainward, adv. Defn: Back again. [Obs.]


AGAL-AGAL A`gal-agal, n. Defn: Same as Agar-agar.


AGALACTIA; AGALAXY Ag`a*lacti*a, Aga*lax`y, n. Etym: [Gr. (Med.) Defn: Failure of the due secretion of milk after childbirth.


AGALACTOUS Ag`a*lactous, a. Defn: Lacking milk to suckle with.


AGALLOCH; AGALLOCHUM Agal*loch, A*gallo*chum, n. Etym: [Gr. aguru, Heb. pl. ahalim.] Defn: A soft, resinous wood (Aquilaria Agallocha) of highly aromatic smell, burnt by the orientals as a perfume. It is called also agalwood and aloes wood. The name is also given to some other species.


AGALMATOLITE Ag`al*mato*lite, n. Etym: [Gr. -lite: cf. F. agalmatolithe.] (Min.) Defn: A soft, compact stone, of a grayish, greenish, or yellowish color, carved into images by the Chinese, and hence called figure stone, and pagodite. It is probably a variety of pinite.


AGAMA Aga*ma, n.; pl. Agamas. Etym: [From the Caribbean name of a species of lizard.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards.


AGAMI Aga*mi, n.; pl. Agamis. Etym: [F. agex, fr. the native name.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A South American bird (Psophia crepitans), allied to the cranes, and easily domesticated; -- called also the gold-breasted trumpeter. Its body is about the size of the pheasant. See Trumpeter.


AGAMIC A*gamic, a. Etym: [Agamous.] (a) (Biol.) Produced without sexual union; as, agamic or unfertilized eggs. (b) Not having visible organs of reproduction, as flowerless plants; agamous.


AGAMICALLY A*gamic*al*ly, adv. Defn: In an agamic manner.


AGAMIST Aga*mist, n. Etym: [See Agamous.] Defn: An unmarried person; also, one opposed to marriage. Foxe.


AGAMOGENESIS Ag`a*mo*gene*sis, n. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Reproduction without the union of parents of distinct sexes: asexual reproduction.


AGAMOGENETIC Ag`a*mo*ge*netic, n. (Biol.) Defn: Reproducing or produced without sexual union. -- Ag`a*mo*ge*netic*al*ly, adv. All known agamogenetic processes end in a complete return to the primitive stock. Huxley.


AGAMOUS Aga*mous, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Having no visible sexual organs; asexual. In Bot., cryptogamous.


AGANGLIONIC A*gan`gli*onic, a. Etym: [Pref. a- not + ganglionic.] (Physiol.) Defn: Without ganglia.


AGAPE A*gape, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + gape.] Defn: Gaping, as with wonder, expectation, or eager attention. Dazzles the crowd and sets them all agape. Milton.


AGAPE Aga*pe, n.; pl. Agap?. Etym: [Gr. Defn: The love feast of the primitive Christians, being a meal partaken of in connection with the communion.


AGAR-AGAR A`gar-agar, n. Etym: [Ceylonese local name.] Defn: A fucus or seaweed much used in the East for soups and jellies; Ceylon moss (Gracilaria lichenoides).


AGARIC Aga*ric, n. Etym: [L. agaricum, Gr. Agara, a town in Sarmatia.] 1. (Bot.) Defn: A fungus of the genus Agaricus, of many species, of which the common mushroom is an example. 2. An old name for severwal species of Polyporus, corky fungi growing on decaying wood. Note: The female agaric (Polyporus officinalic) was renowned as a cathartic; the male agaric (Polyporus igniarius) is used for preparing touchwood, called punk of German tinder. Agaric mineral, a light, chalky deposit of carbonate of lime, sometimes called rock milk, formed in caverns or fissures of limestone.


AGASP A*gasp, adv. & a. Etym: [. a- + gasp.] Defn: In a state of gasping. Coleridge.


AGAST A*gast, p. p. & a. Defn: See Aghast.


AGAST; AGHAST A*gast or A*ghast, v. t. Defn: To affright; to terrify. [Obs.] Chaucer. Spenser.


AGASTRIC A*gastric, a. Etym: [Gr. (Physiol.) Defn: Having to stomach, or distinct digestive canal, as the tapeworm.


AGATE A*gate, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- on + gate way.] Defn: On the way; agoing; as, to be agate; to set the bells agate. [Obs.] Cotgrave.


AGATE Agate, n. Etym: [F. agate, It. agata, L. achates, fr. Gr. 1. (Min.) Defn: A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz, presenting various tints in the same specimen. Its colors are delicately arranged in stripes or bands, or blended in clouds. Note: The fortification agate, or Scotch pebble, the moss agate, the clouded agate, etc., are familiar varieties. 2. (Print.) Defn: A kind of type, larger than pearl and smaller than nonpareil; in England called ruby. Note: This line is printed in the type called agate. 3. A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small figures cut in agate for rings and seals. [Obs.] Shak. 4. A tool used by gold-wire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; -- so called from the agate fixed in it for burnishing.


AGATIFEROUS Ag`a*tifer*ous, a. Etym: [Agate + -ferous.] Defn: Containing or producing agates. Craig.


AGATINE Aga*tine, a. Defn: Pertaining to, or like, agate.

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