KJV Study Bible

Home | Resources | Polyglot Old Testament | Polyglot New Testament | Bible Encyclopedia | Dictionary
Go to book

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]
Search Dictionary


[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

<< Previous Page | Next Page >>


ABJURE Ab*jure, v. i. Defn: To renounce on oath. Bp. Burnet.


ABJUREMENT Ab*jurement, n. Defn: Renunciation. [R.]


ABJURER Ab*jurer, n. Defn: One who abjures.


ABLACTATE Ab*lactate, v. t. Etym: [L. ablactatus, p. p. of ablactare; ab + lactare to suckle, fr. lac milk.] Defn: To wean. [R.] Bailey.


ABLACTATION Ab`lac*tation. n. 1. The weaning of a child from the breast, or of young beasts from their dam. Blount. 2. (Hort.) Defn: The process of grafting now called inarching, or grafting by approach.


ABLAQUEATE Ab*laque*ate, v. t. Etym: [L. ablaqueatus, p. p. of. ablaqueare; fr. ab + laqueus a noose.] Defn: To lay bare, as the roots of a tree. [Obs.] Bailey.


ABLAQUEATION Ab*la`que*ation, n. Etym: [L. ablaqueatio.] Defn: The act or process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to the air and water. [Obs.] Evelyn.


ABLASTEMIC Ab`las*temic, a. Etym: [Gr. (Biol.) Defn: Non-germinal.


ABLATION Ab*lation, n. Etym: [L. ablatio, fr. ablatus p. p. of auferre to carry away; ab + latus, p. p. of ferre carry: cf. F. ablation. See Tolerate.] 1. A carrying or taking away; removal. Jer. Taylor. 2. (Med.) Defn: Extirpation. Dunglison. 3. (Geol.) Defn: Wearing away; superficial waste. Tyndall.


ABLATITIOUS Ab`la*titious, a. Defn: Diminishing; as, an ablatitious force. Sir J. Herschel.


ABLATIVE Abla*tive, a. Etym: [F. ablatif, ablative, L. ablativus fr. ablatus. See Ablation.] 1. Taking away or removing. [Obs.] Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth. Bp. Hall. 2. (Gram.) Defn: Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.


ABLATIVE Abla*tive, (Gram.) Defn: The ablative case. ablative absolute, a construction in Latin, in which a noun in the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case, both words forming a clause by themselves and being unconnected, grammatically, with the rest of the sentence; as, Tarquinio regnante, Pythagoras venit, i. e., Tarquinius reigning, Pythagoras came.


ABLAUT Ablaut, n. Etym: [Ger., off-sound; ab off + laut sound.] (Philol.) Defn: The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, got; sing, song; hang, hung. Earle.


ABLAZE A*blaze, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + blaze.] 1. On fire; in a blaze, gleaming. Milman. All ablaze with crimson and gold. Longfellow. 2. In a state of glowing excitement or ardent desire. The young Cambridge democrats were all ablaze to assist Torrijos. Carlyle.


ABLE Able, a. [Comp. Abler; superl. Ablest.] Etym: [OF. habile, L. habilis that may be easily held or managed, apt, skillful, fr. habere to have, hold. Cf. Habile and see Habit.] 1. Fit; adapted; suitable. [Obs.] A many man, to ben an abbot able. Chaucer. 2. Having sufficient power, strength, force, skill, means, or resources of any kind to accomplish the object; possessed of qualifications rendering competent for some end; competent; qualified; capable; as, an able workman, soldier, seaman, a man able to work; a mind able to reason; a person able to be generous; able to endure pain; able to play on a piano. 3. Specially: Having intellectual qualifications, or strong mental powers; showing ability or skill; talented; clever; powerful; as, the ablest man in the senate; an able speech. No man wrote abler state papers. Macaulay. 4. (Law) Defn: Legally qualified; possessed of legal competence; as, able to inherit or devise property. Note: Able for, is Scotticism. Hardly able for such a march. Robertson. Syn. -- Competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective; capable; skillful; clever; vigorous; powerful.


ABLE Able, v. t. Etym: [See Able, a.] [Obs.] 1. To make able; to enable; to strengthen. Chaucer. 2. To vouch for. I 'll able them. Shak.


ABLE; -ABLE; IBLE; -IBLE *a*ble. Etym: [F. -able, L. -abilis.] Defn: An adjective suffix now usually in a passive sense; able to be; fit to be; expressing capacity or worthiness in a passive sense; as, movable, able to be moved; amendable, able to be amended; blamable, fit to be blamed; salable. Note: The form ible is used in the same sense. Note: It is difficult to say when we are not to use -able instead of -ible. Yet a rule may be laid down as to when we are to use it. To all verbs, then, from the Anglo-Saxon, to all based on the uncorrupted infinitival stems of Latin verbs of the first conjugation, and to all substantives, whencesoever sprung, we annex - able only. Fitzed. Hall.


ABLE-BODIED A`ble-bodied, a. Defn: Having a sound, strong body; physically competent; robust. Able-bodied vagrant. Froude. -- A`ble-bodied*ness, n..


ABLE-MINDED A`ble-minded, a. Defn: Having much intellectual power. -- A`ble-minded*ness, n.


ABLEGATE Able*gate, v. t. Etym: [L. ablegatus, p. p. of ablegare; ab + legare to send with a commission. See Legate.] Defn: To send abroad. [Obs.] Bailey.


ABLEGATE Able*gate, n. (R. C. Ch.) Defn: A representative of the pope charged with important commissions in foreign countries, one of his duties being to bring to a newly named cardinal his insignia of office.


ABLEGATION Ab`le*gation, n. Etym: [L. ablegatio.] Defn: The act of sending abroad. [Obs.] Jer. Taylor.


ABLENESS Able*ness, n. Defn: Ability of body or mind; force; vigor. [Obs. or R.]


ABLEPSY Ablep*sy, n. Etym: [Gr. Defn: Blindness. [R.] Urquhart.


ABLER Abler, a., Defn: comp. of Able. -- Ablest, a., Defn: superl. of Able.


ABLET; ABLEN Ablet, Ablen Etym: [F. ablet, ablette, a dim. fr. LL. abula, for albula, dim. of albus white. Cf. Abele.] (Zo?l.) Defn: A small fresh-water fish (Leuciscus alburnus); the bleak.


ABLIGATE Abli*gate, v. t. Etym: [L. ab + ligatus, p. p. of ligare to tie.] Defn: To tie up so as to hinder from. [Obs.]


ABLIGURITION Ab*lig`u*rition, n. Etym: [L. abligurito, fr. abligurire to spend in luxurious indulgence; ab + ligurire to be lickerish, dainty, fr. lingere to lick.] Defn: Prodigal expense for food. [Obs.] Bailey.


ABLINS Ablins, adv. Etym: [See Able.] Defn: Perhaps. [Scot.]


ABLOOM A*bloom, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + bloom.] Defn: In or into bloom; in a blooming state. Masson.


ABLUDE Ab*lude, v. t. Etym: [L. abludere; ab + ludere to play.] Defn: To be unlike; to differ. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


ABLUENT Ablu*ent, a. Etym: [L. abluens, p. pr. of. abluere to wash away; ab + luere (lavere, lavare). See Lave.] Defn: Washing away; carrying off impurities; detergent. -- n. (Med.) Defn: A detergent.


ABLUSH A*blush, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + blush.] Defn: Blushing; ruddy.


ABLUTION Ab*lu`tion, n. Etym: [L. ablutio, fr. abluere: cf. F. ablution. See Abluent.] 1. The act of washing or cleansing; specifically, the washing of the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite. 2. The water used in cleansing. Cast the ablutions in the main. Pope. 3. (R. C. Ch.) Defn: A small quantity of wine and water, which is used to wash the priest's thumb and index finger after the communion, and which then, as perhaps containing portions of the consecrated elements, is drunk by the priest.


ABLUTIONARY Ab*lution*a*ry, a. Defn: Pertaining to ablution.


ABLUVION Ab*luvi*on, n. Etym: [LL. abluvio. See Abluent.] Defn: That which is washed off. [R.] Dwight.


ABLY Ably, adv. Defn: In an able manner; with great ability; as, ably done, planned, said. -ABLY -a*bly(#). Defn: A suffix composed of -able and the adverbial suffix -ly; as, favorably.


ABNEGATE Abne*gate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abnegated; p. pr. & vb. n. Abnegating.] Etym: [L. abnegatus,p. p. of abnegare; ab + negare to deny. See Deny.] Defn: To deny and reject; to abjure. Sir E. Sandys. Farrar.


ABNEGATION Ab`ne*gation, n. Etym: [L. abnegatio: cf. F. abn?gation.] Defn: a denial; a renunciation. With abnegation of God, of his honor, and of religion, they may retain the friendship of the court. Knox.


ABNEGATIVE Abne*ga*tive, a. Etym: [L. abnegativus.] Defn: Denying; renouncing; negative. [R.] Clarke.


ABNEGATOR Abne*ga`tor(#), n. [L.] Defn: One who abnegates, denies, or rejects anything. [R.]


ABNET Abnet, n. Etym: [Heb.] Defn: The girdle of a Jewish priest or officer.


ABNODATE Abno*date, v. t. Etym: [L. abnodatus, p. p. of abnodare; ab + nodus knot.] Defn: To clear (tress) from knots. [R.] Blount.


ABNODATION Ab`no*dation, n. Defn: The act of cutting away the knots of trees. [R.] Crabb.


ABNORMAL Ab*normal, a. Etym: [For earlier anormal.F. anormal, LL. anormalus for anomalus, Gr. abnormis. See Anomalous, Abnormous, Anormal.] Defn: Not conformed to rule or system; deviating from the type; anomalous; irregular. That deviating from the type; anomalous; irregular. Froude.


ABNORMALITY Ab`nor*mali*ty, n.; pl. Abnormalities. 1. The state or quality of being abnormal; variation; irregularity. Darwin. 2. Something abnormal.


ABNORMALLY Ab*normal*ly, adv. Defn: In an abnormal manner; irregularly. Darwin.


ABNORMITY Ab*normi*ty, n.; pl. Abnormities. Etym: [LL. abnormitas. See Abnormous.] Defn: Departure from the ordinary type; irregularity; monstrosity. An abnormity . . . like a calf born with two heads. Mrs. Whitney.


ABNORMOUS Ab*normous, a. Etym: [L. abnormis; ab + norma rule. See Normal.] Defn: Abnormal; irregular. Hallam. A character of a more abnormous cast than his equally suspected coadjutor. State Trials.


ABOARD A*board, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- on, in + board.] Defn: On board; into or within a ship or boat; hence, into or within a railway car. 2. Alongside; as, close aboard. Naut.: To fall aboard of, to strike a ship's side; to fall foul of. -- To haul the tacks aboard, to set the courses. -- To keep the land aboard, to hug the shore. -- To lay (a ship) aboard, to place one's own ship close alongside of (a ship) for fighting.


ABOARD A*board, prep. 1. On board of; as, to go aboard a ship. 2. Across; athwart. [Obs.] Nor iron bands aboard The Pontic Sea by their huge navy cast. Spenser.


ABODANCE A*bodance, n. Etym: [See Bode.] Defn: An omen; a portending. [Obs.]


ABODE A*bode, pret. Defn: of Abide.


ABODE A*bode, n. Etym: [OE. abad, abood, fr. abiden to abide. See Abide. For the change of vowel, cf. abode, imp. of abide.] 1. Act of waiting; delay. [Obs.] Shak. And with her fled away without abode. Spenser. 2. Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn. He waxeth at your abode here. Fielding. 3. Place of continuance, or where one dwells; abiding place; residence; a dwelling; a habitation. Come, let me lead you to our poor abode. Wordsworth.


ABODE A*bode, n. Etym: [See Bode, v. t.] Defn: An omen. [Obs.] High-thundering Juno's husband stirs my spirit with true abodes. Chapman.


ABODE A*bode, v. t. Defn: To bode; to foreshow. [Obs.] Shak.


ABODE A*bode, v. i. Defn: To be ominous. [Obs.] Dryden.


ABODEMENT A*bodement, n. Defn: A foreboding; an omen. [Obs.] Abodements must not now affright us. Shak.


ABODING A*boding, n. Defn: A foreboding. [Obs.]


ABOLISH A*bolish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abolished; p. pr. & vb. n. Abolishing.] Etym: [F. abolir, L. abolere, aboletum; ab + olere to grow. Cf. Finish.] 1. To do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; -- said of laws, customs, institutions, governments, etc.; as, to abolish slavery, to abolish folly. 2. To put an end to, or destroy, as a physical objects; to wipe out. [Archaic] And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot. Spenser. His quick instinctive hand Caught at the hilt, as to abolish him. Tennyson. Syn. -- To Abolish, Repeal, Abrogate, Revoke, Annul, Nullify, Cancel. These words have in common the idea of setting aside by some overruling act. Abolish applies particularly to things of a permanent nature, such as institutions, usages, customs, etc.; as, to abolish monopolies, serfdom, slavery. Repeal describes the act by which the legislature of a state sets aside a law which it had previously enacted. Abrogate was originally applied to the repeal of a law by the Roman people; and hence, when the power of making laws was usurped by the emperors, the term was applied to their act of setting aside the laws. Thus it came to express that act by which a sovereign or an executive government sets aside laws, ordinances, regulations, treaties, conventions, etc. Revoke denotes the act or recalling some previous grant which conferred, privilege, etc.; as, to revoke a decree, to revoke a power of attorney, a promise, etc. Thus, also, we speak of the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Annul is used in a more general sense, denoting simply to make void; as, to annul a contract, to annul an agreement. Nullify is an old word revived in this country, and applied to the setting of things aside either by force or by total disregard; as, to nullify an act of Congress. Cancel is to strike out or annul, by a deliberate exercise of power, something which has operative force.


ABOLISHABLE A*bolish*a*ble, a. Etym: [Cf. F. abolissable.] Defn: Capable of being abolished.


ABOLISHER A*bolish*er, n. Defn: One who abolishes.


ABOLISHMENT A*bolish*ment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. abolissement.] Defn: The act of abolishing; abolition; destruction. Hooker.


ABOLITION Abo*lition, n. Etym: [L. abolitio, fr. abolere: cf. F. abolition. See Abolish.] Defn: The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc. Note: The application of this word to persons is now unusual or obsolete


ABOLITIONISM Ab`o*lition*ism, n. Defn: The principles or measures of abolitionists. Wilberforce.


ABOLITIONIST Ab`o*lition*ist, n. Defn: A person who favors the abolition of any institution, especially negro slavery.


ABOLITIONIZE Ab`o*li`tion*ize, v. t. Defn: To imbue with the principles of abolitionism. [R.] Bartlett.


ABOMA A*boma, n. (Zo?l.) Defn: A large South American serpent (Boa aboma).


ABOMASUM; ABOMASUS Ab`o*masum, Ab`o*masus, n. Etym: [NL., fr. L. ab + omasum (a Celtic word.] (Anat.) Defn: The fourth or digestive stomach of a ruminant, which leads from the third stomach omasum. See Ruminantia.


ABOMINABLE A*bomi*na*ble, a. Etym: [F. abominable. L. abominalis. See Abominate.] 1. Worthy of, or causing, abhorrence, as a thing of evil omen; odious in the utmost degree; very hateful; detestable; loathsome; execrable. 2. Excessive; large; -- used as an intensive. [Obs.] Note: Juliana Berners . . . informs us that in her time [15th c.], abomynable syght of monkes was elegant English for a large company of friars. G. P. Marsh.


ABOMINABLENESS A*bomi*na*ble*ness, n. Defn: The quality or state of being abominable; odiousness. Bentley.


ABOMINABLY A*bomi*na*bly, adv. Defn: In an abominable manner; very odiously; detestably.


ABOMINATE A*bomi*nate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abominated; p. pr. & vb. n. Abominating.] Etym: [L. abominatus, p. p. or abominari to deprecate as ominous, to abhor, to curse; ab + omen a foreboding. See Omen.] Defn: To turn from as ill-omened; to hate in the highest degree, as if with religious dread; loathe; as, to abominate all impiety. Syn. -- To hate; abhor; loathe; detest. See Hate.


ABOMINATION A*bom`i*nation, n. Etym: [OE. abominacioun, -cion, F. abominatio. See Abominate.] 1. The feeling of extreme disgust and hatred; abhorrence; detestation; loathing; as, he holds tobacco in abomination. 2. That which is abominable; anything hateful, wicked, or shamefully vile; an object or state that excites disgust and hatred; a hateful or shameful vice; pollution. Antony, most large in his abominations. Shak. 3. A cause of pollution or wickedness. Syn. -- Detestation; loathing; abhorrence; disgust; aversion; loathsomeness; odiousness. Sir W. Scott.


ABOON A*boon, prep. Defn: and adv. Above. [Scot. & Prov. Eng.] Aboon the pass of Bally-Brough. Sir W. Scott. The ceiling fair that rose aboon. J. R. Drake.


ABORAL Ab*oral, a. Etym: [L. ab. + E. oral.] (Zo?l.) Defn: Situated opposite to, or away from, the mouth.


ABORD A*bord, n. Etym: [F.] Defn: Manner of approaching or accosting; address. Chesterfield.


ABORD A*bord, v. t. Etym: [F. aborder, ? (L. ad) + bord rim, brim, or side of a vessel. See Border, Board.] Defn: To approach; to accost. [Obs.] Digby.


ABORIGINAL Ab`o*rigi*nal, a. Etym: [See Aborigines.] 1. First; original; indigenous; primitive; native; as, the aboriginal tribes of America. Mantled o'er with aboriginal turf. Wordsworth. 2. Of or pertaining to aborigines; as, a Hindoo of aboriginal blood.


ABORIGINAL Ab`o*rigi*nal, n. 1. An original inhabitant of any land; one of the aborigines. 2. An animal or a plant native to the region. It may well be doubted whether this frog is an aboriginal of these islands. Darwin.


ABORIGINALITY Ab`o*rig`i*nali*ty, n. Defn: The quality of being aboriginal. Westm. Rev.


ABORIGINALLY Ab`o*rigi*nal*ly, adv. Defn: Primarily.


ABORIGINES Ab`o*rigi*nes, n. pl. Etym: [L. Aborigines; ab + origo, especially the first inhabitants of Latium, those who originally (ab origine) inhabited Latium or Italy. See Origin.] 1. The earliest known inhabitants of a country; native races. 2. The original fauna and flora of a geographical area


ABORSEMENT A*borsement, n. Defn: Abortment; abortion. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.


ABORSIVE A*borsive, a. Defn: Abortive. [Obs.] Fuller.


ABORT A*bort, v. i. Etym: [L. abortare, fr. abortus, p. p. of aboriri; ab + oriri to rise, to be born. See Orient.] 1. To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely. 2. (Biol.) Defn: To become checked in normal development, so as either to remain rudimentary or shrink away wholly; to become sterile.


ABORT A*bort, n. Etym: [L. abortus, fr. aboriri.] 1. An untimely birth. [Obs.] Sir H. Wotton. 2. An aborted offspring. [Obs.] Holland.


ABORTED A*borted, a. 1. Brought forth prematurely. 2. (Biol.) Defn: Rendered abortive or sterile; undeveloped; checked in normal development at a very early stage; as, spines are aborted branches. The eyes of the cirripeds are more or less aborted in their mature state. Owen.


ABORTICIDE A*borti*cide, n. Etym: [L. abortus + caedere to kill. See Abort.] (Med.) Defn: The act of destroying a fetus in the womb; feticide.


ABORTIFACIENT A*bor`ti*facient, a. Etym: [L. abortus (see Abort, v.) + faciens, p. pr. of facere to make.] Defn: Producing miscarriage. -- n. Defn: A drug or an agent that causes premature delivery.


ABORTION A*bortion, n. Etym: [L. abortio, fr. aboriri. See Abort.] 1. The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of the human fetus prematurely, or before it is capable of sustaining life; miscarriage. Note: It is sometimes used for the offense of procuring a premature delivery, but strictly the early delivery is the abortion, causing or procuring abortion is the full name of the offense. Abbott. 2. The immature product of an untimely birth. 3. (Biol.) Defn: Arrest of development of any organ, so that it remains an imperfect formation or is absorbed. 4. Any fruit or produce that does not come to maturity, or anything which in its progress, before it is matured or perfect; a complete failure; as, his attempt. proved an abortiori.


ABORTIONAL A*bortion*al, a. Defn: Pertaining to abortion; miscarrying; abortive. Carlyle.


ABORTIONIST A*bortion*ist, n. Defn: One who procures abortion or miscarriage.


ABORTIVE A*bortive, a. Etym: [L. abortivus, fr. aboriri. See Abort, v.] 1. Produced by abortion; born prematurely; as, an abortive child. [R.] 2. Made from the skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum. [Obs.] 3. Rendering fruitless or ineffectual. [Obs.] Plunged in that abortive gulf. Milton. 4. Coming to naught; failing in its effect; miscarrying; fruitless; unsuccessful; as, an abortive attempt. An abortive enterprise. Prescott. 5. (Biol.) Defn: Imperfectly formed or developed; rudimentary; sterile; as, an abortive organ, stamen, ovule, etc. 6. (Med.) (a) Causing abortion; as, abortive medicines. Parr. (b) Cutting short; as, abortive treatment of typhoid fever.


ABORTIVE A*bortive, n. 1. That which is born or brought forth prematurely; an abortion. [Obs.] Shak. 2. A fruitless effort or issue. [Obs.] 3. A medicine to which is attributed the property of causing abortion. Dunglison.


ABORTIVELY A*bortive*ly, adv. Defn: In an abortive or untimely manner; immaturely; fruitlessly.


ABORTIVENESS A*bortive*ness, n. Defn: The quality of being abortive.


ABORTMENT A*bortment, n. Defn: Abortion. [Obs.]


ABOUGHT A*bought, imp. & p. p. Defn: of Aby. [Obs.]


ABOUND A*bound, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abounded; p. pr. & vb. n. Abounding.] Etym: [OE. abounden, F. abonder, fr. L. abundare to overflow, abound; ab + unda wave. Cf. Undulate.] 1. To be in great plenty; to be very prevalent; to be plentiful. The wild boar which abounds in some parts of the continent of Europe. Chambers. Where sin abounded grace did much more abound. Rom. v. 20. 2. To be copiously supplied; -- followed by in or with. To abound in, to posses in such abundance as to be characterized by. -- To abound with, to be filled with; to possess in great numbers. Men abounding in natural courage. Macaulay. A faithful man shall abound with blessings. Prov. xxviii. 20. It abounds with cabinets of curiosities. Addison.

<< Previous Page | Next Page >>

Home | Resources