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THE GUTENBERG WEBSTER'S UNABRIDGED DICTIONARY BY PROJECT GUTENBERG

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79]

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AFFILE

AFFILE Af*file, v. t. Etym: [OF. afiler, F. affiler, to sharpen; a (L. ad) + fil thread, edge.] Defn: To polish. [Obs.]

AFFILIABLE

AFFILIABLE Af*fili*a*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being affiliated to or on, or connected with in origin.

AFFILIATE

AFFILIATE Af*fili*ate, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affiliated; p. pr. & vb. n. Affiliating.] Etym: [LL. adfiliare, affiliare, to adopt as son; ad + filius son: cf. F. affilier.] 1. To adopt; to receive into a family as a son; hence, to bring or receive into close connection; to ally. Is the soul affiliated to God, or is it estranged and in rebellion I. Taylor. 2. To fix the paternity of; -- said of an illegitimate child; as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather than another. 3. To connect in the way of descent; to trace origin to. How do these facts tend to affiliate the faculty of hearing upon the aboriginal vegetative processes H. Spencer. 4. To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; -- followed by to or with. Affiliated societies, societies connected with a central society, or with each other.

AFFILIATE

AFFILIATE Af*fili*ate, v. i. Defn: To connect or associate one's self; -- followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.

AFFILIATION

AFFILIATION Af*fil`i*ation, n. Etym: [F. affiliation, LL. affiliatio.] 1. Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the same family or society. 2. (Law) Defn: The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father; filiation. 3. Connection in the way of descent. H. Spencer.

AFFINAL

AFFINAL Af*final, a. Etym: [L. affinis.] Defn: Related by marriage; from the same source.

AFFINE

AFFINE Af*fine, v. t. Etym: [F. affiner to refine; (L. ad) + fin fine. See Fine.] Defn: To refine. [Obs.] Holland.

AFFINED

AFFINED Af*fined, a. Etym: [OF. afin? related, p. p., fr. LL. affinare to join, fr. L. affinis neighboring, related to; ad + finis boundary, limit.] Defn: Joined in affinity or by any tie. [Obs.] All affined and kin. Shak.

AFFINITATIVE

AFFINITATIVE Af*fini*ta*tive, a. Defn: Of the nature of affinity. -- Af*fini*ta*tive*ly, adv.

AFFINITIVE

AFFINITIVE Af*fini*tive, a. Defn: Closely connected, as by affinity.

AFFINITY

AFFINITY Af*fini*ty, n.; pl. Affinities(#). Etym: [OF. afinit?, F. affinit?, L. affinites, fr. affinis. See Affined.] 1. Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between. Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh. 1 Kings iii. 1. 2. Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages. There is a close affinity between imposture and credulity. Sir G. C. Lewis. 2. Companionship; acquaintance. [Obs.] About forty years past, I began a happy affinity with William Cranmer. Burton. 4. (Chem.) Defn: That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction. 5. (Nat. Hist.) Defn: A relation between species or highe 6. (Spiritualism) Defn: A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.

AFFIRM

AFFIRM Af*firm, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affirmed; p. pr. & vb. n. Affirming.] Etym: [OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer, affermir, fr. L. affirmare; ad + firmare to make firm, firmus firm. See Firm.] 1. To make firm; to confirm, or ratify; esp. (Law), Defn: to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appelate court for review. 2. To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; -- opposed to deny. Jesus, . . . whom Paul affirmed to be alive. Acts xxv. 19. 3. (Law) Defn: To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction. See Affirmation, 4. Syn. -- To assert; aver; declare; asseverate; assure; pronounce; protest; avouch; confirm; establish; ratify. -- To Affirm, Asseverate, Aver, Protest. We affirm when we declare a thing as a fact or a proposition. We asseverate it in a peculiarly earnest manner, or with increased positiveness as what can not be disputed. We aver it, or formally declare it to be true, when we have positive knowledge of it. We protest in a more public manner and with the energy of perfect sincerity. People asseverate in order to produce a conviction of their veracity; they aver when they are peculiarly desirous to be believed; they protest when they wish to free themselves from imputations, or to produce a conviction of their innocence.

AFFIRM

AFFIRM Af*firm, v. i. 1. To declare or assert positively. Not that I so affirm, though so it seem To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth. Milton. 2. (Law) Defn: To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.

AFFIRMABLE

AFFIRMABLE Af*firma*ble, a. Defn: Capable of being affirmed, asserted, or declared; -- followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable of every just man.

AFFIRMANCE

AFFIRMANCE Af*firmance, n. Etym: [Cf. OF. afermance.] 1. Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act. This statute . . . in affirmance of the common law. Bacon. 2. A strong declaration; affirmation. Cowper.

AFFIRMANT

AFFIRMANT Af*firmant, n. Etym: [L. affirmans, -antis, p. pr. See Affirm.] 1. One who affirms or asserts. 2. (Law) Defn: One who affirms of taking an oath.

AFFIRMATION

AFFIRMATION Af`fir*mation, n. Etym: [L. affirmatio: cf. F. affirmation.] 1. Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law. Hooker. 2. The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial. 3. That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive as, an affirmation, by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality. 4. (Law) Defn: A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously decline taking an oath, which declaration is in law equivalent to an oath. Bouvier.

AFFIRMATIVE

AFFIRMATIVE Af*firma*tive, a. Etym: [L. affirmativus: cf. F. affirmatif.] 1. Confirmative; ratifying; as, an act affirmative of common law. 2. That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering yes to a question; -- opposed to negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote. 3. Positive; dogmatic. [Obs.] J. Taylor. Lysicles was a little by the affirmative air of Crito. Berkeley. 4. (logic) Defn: Expressing the agreement of the two terms of a proposition. 5. (Alg.) Defn: Positive; -- a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.

AFFIRMATIVE

AFFIRMATIVE Af*firma*tive, n. 1. That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to Ant: negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative. Whether there are such beings or not, 't is sufficient for my purpose that many have believed the affirmative. Dryden. 2. A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes, that is so, etc.

AFFIRMATIVELY

AFFIRMATIVELY Af*firma*tive*ly, adv. Defn: In an affirmative manner; on the affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; -- opposed to negatively.

AFFIRMATORY

AFFIRMATORY Af*firma*to*ry, a. Defn: Giving affirmation; assertive; affirmative. Massey.

AFFIRMER

AFFIRMER Af*firmer, n. Defn: One who affirms.

AFFIX

AFFIX Af*fix, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affixed; p. pr. & vb. n. Affixing.] Etym: [LL. affixare, L. affixus, p. p. of affigere to fasten to; ad + figere to fasten: cf. OE. affichen, F. afficher, ultimately fr. L. affigere. See Fix.] 1. To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to fix to any part of; as, to affix a syllable to a word; to affix a seal to an instrument; to affix one's name to a writing. 2. To fix or fasten in any way; to attach physically. Should they [caterpillars] affix them to the leaves of a plant improper for their food. Ray. 3. To attach, unite, or connect with; as, names affixed to ideas, or ideas affixed to things; to affix a stigma to a person; to affix ridicule or blame to any one. 4. To fix or fasten figuratively; -- with on or upon; as, eyes affixed upon the ground. [Obs.] Spenser. Syn. -- To attach; subjoin; connect; annex; unite.

AFFIX

AFFIX Affix, n.; pl. Affixes. Etym: [L. affixus, p. p. of affigere: cf. F. affixe.] Defn: That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.

AFFIXION

AFFIXION Af*fixion, n. Etym: [L. affixio, fr. affigere.] Defn: Affixture. [Obs.] T. Adams.

AFFIXTURE

AFFIXTURE Af*fixture, n. Defn: The act of affixing, or the state of being affixed; attachment.

AFFLATION

AFFLATION Af*flation, n. Etym: [L. afflatus, p. p. of afflare to blow or breathe on; ad + flare to blow.] Defn: A blowing or breathing on; inspiration.

AFFLATUS

AFFLATUS Af*flatus, n. Etym: [L., fr. afflare. See Afflation.] 1. A breath or blast of wind. 2. A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse; inspiration. A poet writing against his genius will be like a prophet without his afflatus. Spence.

AFFLICT

AFFLICT Af*flict, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afflicted; p. pr. & vb. n. Afflicting.] Etym: [L. afflictus, p. p. of affigere to cast down, deject; ad + fligere to strike: cf. OF. aflit, afflict, p. p. Cf. Flagellate.] 1. To strike or cast down; to overthrow. [Obs.] Reassembling our afflicted powers. Milton. 2. To inflict some great injury or hurt upon, causing continued pain or mental distress; to trouble grievously; to torment. They did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. Exod. i. 11. That which was the worst now least afflicts me. Milton. 3. To make low or humble. [Obs.] Spenser. Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted truth. Jer. Taylor. Syn. -- To trouble; grieve; pain; distress; harass; torment; wound; hurt.

AFFLICT

AFFLICT Af*flict, p. p. & a. Etym: [L. afflictus, p. p.] Defn: Afflicted. [Obs.] Becon.

AFFLICTEDNESS

AFFLICTEDNESS Af*flicted*ness, n. Defn: The state of being afflicted; affliction. [Obs.] Bp. Hall.

AFFLICTER

AFFLICTER Af*flicter, n. Defn: One who afflicts.

AFFLICTING

AFFLICTING Af*flicting, a. Defn: Grievously painful; distressing; afflictive; as, an afflicting event. -- Af*flicting*ly, adv.

AFFLICTION

AFFLICTION Af*fliction, n. Etym: [F. affliction, L. afflictio, fr. affligere.] 1. The cause of continued pain of body or mind, as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress; a pain or grief. To repay that money will be a biting affliction. Shak. 2. The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or grief. Some virtues are seen only in affliction. Addison. Syn. -- Calamity; sorrow; distress; grief; pain; adversity; misery; wretchedness; misfortune; trouble; hardship. -- Affliction, Sorrow, Grief, Distress. Affliction and sorrow are terms of wide and general application; grief and distress have reference to particular cases. Affliction is the stronger term. The suffering lies deeper in the soul, and usually arises from some powerful cause, such as the loss of what is most dear -- friends, health, etc. We do not speak of mere sickness or pain as an affliction, though one who suffers from either is said to be afflicted; but deprivations of every kind, such as deafness, blindness, loss of limbs, etc., are called afflictions, showing that term applies particularly to prolonged sources of suffering. Sorrow and grief are much alike in meaning, but grief is the stronger term of the two, usually denoting poignant mental suffering for some definite cause, as, grief for the death of a dear friend; sorrow is more reflective, and is tinged with regret, as, the misconduct of a child is looked upon with sorrow. Grief is often violent and demonstrative; sorrow deep and brooding. Distress implies extreme suffering, either bodily or mental. In its higher stages, it denotes pain of a restless, agitating kind, and almost always supposes some struggle of mind or body. Affliction is allayed, grief subsides, sorrow is soothed, distress is mitigated.

AFFLICTIONLESS

AFFLICTIONLESS Af*fliction*less, a. Defn: Free from affliction.

AFFLICTIVE

AFFLICTIVE Af*flictive, a. Etym: [Cf. F. afflictif.] Defn: Giving pain; causing continued or repeated pain or grief; distressing. Jove's afflictive hand. Pope. Spreads slow disease, and darts afflictive pain. Prior.

AFFLICTIVELY

AFFLICTIVELY Af*flictive*ly, adv. Defn: In an afflictive manner.

AFFLUENCE

AFFLUENCE Afflu*ence, n. Etym: [F. affluence, L. affluentia, fr. affluens, p. pr. of affluere to flow to; ad + fluere to flow. See Flux.] 1. A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx. The affluence of young nobles from hence into Spain. Wotton. There is an unusual affluence of strangers this year. Carlyle. 2. An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.; profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth. And old age of elegance, affluence, and ease. Coldsmith. Syn. -- Abundance; riches; profusion; exuberance; plenty; wealth; opulence.

AFFLUENCY

AFFLUENCY Afflu*en*cy, n. Defn: Affluence. [Obs.] Addison.

AFFLUENT

AFFLUENT Afflu*ent, a. Etym: [Cf. F. affluent, L. affluens, -entis, p. pr. See Affluence.] 1. Flowing to; flowing abundantly. Affluent blood. Harvey. 2. Abundant; copious; plenteous; hence, wealthy; abounding in goods or riches. Language . . . affluent in expression. H. Reed. Loaded and blest with all the affluent store, Which human vows at smoking shrines implore. Prior.

AFFLUENT

AFFLUENT Afflu*ent, n. Defn: A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream.

AFFLUENTLY

AFFLUENTLY Afflu*ent*ly, adv. Defn: Abundantly; copiously.

AFFLUENTNESS

AFFLUENTNESS Af*flu*ent*ness, n. Defn: Great plenty. [R.]

AFFLUX

AFFLUX Afflux`, n. Etym: [L. affluxum, p. p. of affluere: cf. F. afflux. See Affluence.] Defn: A flowing towards; that which flows to; as, an afflux of blood to the head.

AFFLUXION

AFFLUXION Af*fluxion, n. Defn: The act of flowing towards; afflux. Sir T. Browne.

AFFODILL

AFFODILL Affo*dill, n. Defn: Asphodel. [Obs.]

AFFORCE

AFFORCE Af*force, v. t. Etym: [OF. afforcier, LL. affortiare; ad + fortiare, fr. L. fortis strong.] Defn: To re?nforce; to strengthen. Hallam.

AFFORCEMENT

AFFORCEMENT Af*forcement, n. Etym: [OF.] 1. A fortress; a fortification for defense. [Obs.] Bailey. 2. A re?nforcement; a strengthening. Hallam.

AFFORCIAMENT

AFFORCIAMENT Af*forci*a*ment, n. Defn: See Afforcement. [Obs.]

AFFORD

AFFORD Af*ford, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Afforded; p. pr. & vb. n. Affording.] Etym: [OE. aforthen, AS. gefor, for, to further, accomplish, afford, fr. for forth, forward. The prefix ge- has no well defined sense. See Forth.] 1. To give forth; to supply, yield, or produce as the natural result, fruit, or issue; as, grapes afford wine; olives afford oil; the earth affords fruit; the sea affords an abundant supply of fish. 2. To give, grant, or confer, with a remoter reference to its being the natural result; to provide; to furnish; as, a good life affords consolation in old age. His tuneful Muse affords the sweetest numbers. Addison. The quiet lanes . . . afford calmer retreats. Gilpin. 3. To offer, provide, or supply, as in selling, granting, expending, with profit, or without loss or too great injury; as, A affords his goods cheaper than B; a man can afford a sum yearly in charity. 4. To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act which might under other circumstances be injurious; -- with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or rich enough. The merchant can afford to trade for smaller profits. Hamilton. He could afford to suffer With those whom he saw suffer. Wordsworth.

AFFORDABLE

AFFORDABLE Af*forda*ble, a. Defn: That may be afforded.

AFFORDMENT

AFFORDMENT Af*fordment, n. Defn: Anything given as a help; bestowal. [Obs.]

AFFOREST

AFFOREST Af*forest, v. t. Etym: [LL. afforestare; ad + forestare. See Forest.] Defn: To convert into a forest; as, to afforest a tract of country.

AFFORESTATION

AFFORESTATION Af*for`es*tation, n. Defn: The act of converting into forest or woodland. Blackstone.

AFFORMATIVE

AFFORMATIVE Af*forma*tive, n. Defn: An affix.

AFFRANCHISE

AFFRANCHISE Af*franchise, v. t. Etym: [F. affranchir; (L. ad) + franc free. See Franchise and Frank.] Defn: To make free; to enfranchise. Johnson.

AFFRANCHISEMENT

AFFRANCHISEMENT Af*franchise*ment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. affranchissement.] Defn: The act of making free; enfranchisement. [R.]

AFFRAP

AFFRAP Af*frap, v. t. & i. Etym: [Cf. It. affrappare, frappare, to cut, mince, F. frapper to strike. See Frap.] Defn: To strike, or strike down. [Obs.] Spenser.

AFFRAY

AFFRAY Af*fray, v. t. [p. p. Affrayed.] Etym: [OE. afraien, affraien, OF. effreer, esfreer, F. effrayer, orig. to disquiet, put out of peace, fr. L. ex + OHG. fridu peace (akin to E. free). Cf. Afraid, Fray, Frith inclosure.] [Archaic] 1. To startle from quiet; to alarm. Smale foules a great heap That had afrayed [affrayed] me out of my sleep. Chaucer. 2. To frighten; to scare; to frighten away. That voice doth us affray. Shak.

AFFRAY

AFFRAY Af*fray, n. Etym: [OE. afrai, affrai, OF. esfrei, F. effroi, fr. OF. esfreer. See Affray, v. t.] 1. The act of suddenly disturbing any one; an assault or attack. [Obs.] 2. Alarm; terror; fright. [Obs.] Spenser. 3. A tumultuous assault or quarrel; a brawl; a fray. In the very midst of the affray. Motley. 4. (Law) Defn: The fighting of two or more persons, in a public place, to the terror of others. Blackstone. Note: A fighting in private is not, in a legal sense, an affray. Syn. -- Quarrel; brawl; scuffle; encounter; fight; contest; feud; tumult; disturbance.

AFFRAYER

AFFRAYER Af*frayer, n. Defn: One engaged in an affray.

AFFRAYMENT

AFFRAYMENT Af*frayment, n. Defn: Affray. [Obs.] Spenser.

AFFREIGHT

AFFREIGHT Af*freight, v. t. Etym: [Pref. ad- + freight: cf. F. affr?ter. See Freight.] Defn: To hire, as a ship, for the transportation of goods or freight.

AFFREIGHTER

AFFREIGHTER Af*freighter, n. Defn: One who hires or charters a ship to convey goods.

AFFREIGHTMENT

AFFREIGHTMENT Af*freightment, n. Etym: [Cf. F. affr?tement.] Defn: The act of hiring, or the contract for the use of, a vessel, or some part of it, to convey cargo.

AFFRET

AFFRET Af*fret, n. Etym: [Cf. It. affrettare to hasten, fretta haste.] Defn: A furious onset or attack. [Obs.] Spenser.

AFFRICATE

AFFRICATE Affri*cate, n. [L. affricatus, p. p. of affricare to rub against; af- = ad- + fricare to rub.] (Phon.) Defn: A combination of a stop, or explosive, with an immediately following fricative or spirant of corresponding organic position, as pf in german Pfeffer, pepper, z (= ts) in German Zeit, time.

AFFRICTION

AFFRICTION Af*friction, n. Etym: [L. affricare to rub on. See Friction.] Defn: The act of rubbing against. [Obs.]

AFFRIENDED

AFFRIENDED Af*friended, p. p. Defn: Made friends; reconciled. [Obs.] Deadly foes . . . affriended. Spenser.

AFFRIGHT

AFFRIGHT Af*fright, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affrighted; p. pr. & vb. n. Affrighting.] Etym: [Orig. p. p.; OE. afright, AS. afyrhtan to terrify; a- (cf. Goth. us-, Ger. er-, orig. meaning out) + fyrhto fright. See Fright.] Defn: To impress with sudden fear; to frighten; to alarm. Dreams affright our souls. Shak. A drear and dying sound Affrights the flamens at their service quaint. Milton. Syn. -- To terrify; frighten; alarm; dismay; appall; scare; startle; daunt; intimidate.

AFFRIGHT

AFFRIGHT Af*fright, p. a. Defn: Affrighted. [Obs.] Chaucer.

AFFRIGHT

AFFRIGHT Af*fright, n. 1. Sudden and great fear; terror. It expresses a stronger impression than fear, or apprehension, perhaps less than terror. He looks behind him with affright, and forward with despair. Goldsmith. 2. The act of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an object of dread. B. Jonson.

AFFRIGHTEDLY

AFFRIGHTEDLY Af*frighted*ly, adv. Defn: With fright. Drayton.

AFFRIGHTEN

AFFRIGHTEN Af*frighten, v. t. Defn: To frighten. [Archaic] Fit tales . . . to affrighten babes. Southey.

AFFRIGHTER

AFFRIGHTER Af*frighter, n. Defn: One who frightens. [Archaic]

AFFRIGHTFUL

AFFRIGHTFUL Af*frightful, a. Defn: Terrifying; frightful. -- Af*frightful*ly, adv. [Archaic] Bugbears or affrightful apparitions. Cudworth.

AFFRIGHTMENT

AFFRIGHTMENT Af*frightment, n. Defn: Affright; the state of being frightened; sudden fear or alarm. [Archaic] Passionate words or blows . . . fill the child's mind with terror and affrightment. Locke.

AFFRONT

AFFRONT Af*front, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affronted; p. pr. & vb. n. Affronting.] Etym: [OF. afronter, F. affronter, to confront, LL. affrontare to strike against, fr. L. ad + frons forehead, front. See Front.] 1. To front; to face in position; to meet or encounter face to face. [Obs.] All the sea-coasts do affront the Levant. Holland. That he, as 't were by accident, may here Affront Ophelia. Shak. 2. To face in defiance; to confront; as, to confront; as, to affront death; hence, to meet in hostile encounter. [Archaic] 3. To offend by some manifestation of disrespect; to insult to the face by demeanor or language; to treat with marked incivility. How can any one imagine that the fathers would have dared to affront the wife of Aurelius Addison. Syn. -- TO insult; abuse; outrage; wound; illtreat; slight; defy; offend; provoke; pique; nettle.

AFFRONT

AFFRONT Af*front, n. Etym: [Cf. F. affront, fr. affronter.] 1. An encounter either friendly or hostile. [Obs.] I walked about, admired of all, and dreaded On hostile ground, none daring my affront. Milton. 2. Contemptuous or rude treatment which excites or justifies resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult. Offering an affront to our understanding. Addison. 3. An offense to one's self-respect; shame. Arbuthnot. Syn. -- Affront, Insult, Outrage. An affront is a designed mark of disrespect, usually in the presence of others. An insult is a personal attack either by words or actions, designed to humiliate or degrade. An outrage is an act of extreme and violent insult or abuse. An affront piques and mortifies; an insult irritates and provokes; an outrage wounds and injures. Captious persons construe every innocent freedom into an affront. When people are in a state of animosity, they seek opportunities of offering each other insults. Intoxication or violent passion impels men to the commission of outrages. Crabb.

AFFRONTE

AFFRONTE Af*fron*t?, a. Etym: [F. affront?, p. p.] (Her.) Defn: Face to face, or front to front; facing.

AFFRONTEDLY

AFFRONTEDLY Af*fronted*ly, adv. Defn: Shamelessly. [Obs.] Bacon.

AFFRONTEE

AFFRONTEE Af*fron*tee, n. Defn: One who receives an affront. Lytton.

AFFRONTER

AFFRONTER Af*fronter, n. Defn: One who affronts, or insults to the face.

AFFRONTINGLY

AFFRONTINGLY Af*fronting*ly, adv. Defn: In an affronting manner.

AFFRONTIVE

AFFRONTIVE Af*frontive, a. Defn: Tending to affront or offend; offensive; abusive. How affrontive it is to despise mercy. South.

AFFRONTIVENESS

AFFRONTIVENESS Af*frontive*ness, n. Defn: The quality that gives an affront or offense. [R.] Bailey.

AFFUSE

AFFUSE Af*fuse, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affused; p. pr. & vb. n. Affusing.] Etym: [L. affusus, p. p. of affundere to pour to; ad + fundere. See Fuse.] Defn: To pour out or upon. [R.] I first affused water upon the compressed beans. Boyle.

AFFUSION

AFFUSION Af*fusion, n. Etym: [Cf. F. affusion.] Defn: The act of pouring upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as water upon a child in baptism. Specifically: (Med) Defn: The act of pouring water or other fluid on the whole or a part of the body, as a remedy in disease. Dunglison.

AFFY

AFFY Af*fy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affied; p. pr. Affying.] Etym: [OF. afier, LL. affidare. Cf. Affiance.] 1. To confide (one's self to, or in); to trust. [Obs.] 2. To betroth or espouse; to affiance. [Obs.] Shak. 3. To bind in faith. [Obs.] Bp. Montagu.

AFFY

AFFY Af*fy, v. i. Defn: To trust or confide. [Obs.] Shak.

AFGHAN

AFGHAN Afghan, a. Defn: Of or pertaining to Afghanistan.

AFGHAN

AFGHAN Afghan, n. 1. A native of Afghanistan. 2. A kind of worsted blanket or wrap.

AFIELD

AFIELD A*field, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + field.] 1. To, in, or on the field. We drove afield. Milton. How jocund did they drive their team afield! Gray. 2. Out of the way; astray. Why should he wander afield at the age of fifty-five! Trollope.

AFIRE

AFIRE A*fire, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + fire.] Defn: On fire.

AFLAME

AFLAME A*flame, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + flame.] Defn: Inflames; glowing with light or passion; ablaze. G. Eliot.

AFLAT

AFLAT A*flat, adv. Etym: [Pref. a- + flat.] Defn: Level with the ground; flat. [Obs.] Bacon.

AFLAUNT

AFLAUNT A*flaunt, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + flaunt.] Defn: In a flaunting state or position. Copley.

AFLICKER

AFLICKER A*flicker, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + flicker.] Defn: In a flickering state.

AFLOAT

AFLOAT A*float, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + float.] 1. Borne on the water; floating; on board ship. On such a full sea are we now afloat. Shak. 2. Moving; passing from place to place; in general circulation; as, a rumor is afloat. 3. Unfixed; moving without guide or control; adrift; as, our affairs are all afloat.

AFLOW

AFLOW A*flow, adv. & a. Etym: [Pref. a- + flow.] Defn: Flowing. Their founts aflow with tears. R. Browning.

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